Iraq Invasion Of Kuwait (1989-91)

This timeline covers the run up to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and the following aftermath before the 1991 Gulf War

 

Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq

Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Religion, Identity and Otherness in the Analysis of War and Conflict

Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict

Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance

Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1: The Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and Operation Desert Shield 1990-1991

Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes, The Inner Workings of a Tyrant’s Regime 1978-2001

Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq

Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein

Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War

 

1989

Sep 23 Kuwait Emir given medal by Saddam in Baghdad for help during Iran-Iraq

            War

 

1990

Jan 25 OPEC said Kuwait and UAE agreed to limit oil exports to try to settle dispute with

            Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Feb 24 Saddam gave speech about liberating Jerusalem and warning US could take

over Persian Gulf Saddam was trying to determine how Israel felt about Iraq before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Feb 25 Arab Cooperation Council meeting Saddam said Iraq’s economy needed to be saved

with cash Asked for $30 bil Said if Gulf states didn’t pay Iraq knew how to get money

 

Feb 28 Saddam warned of Israeli aggression backed by US at Arab Cooperation Council

meeting Saddam demanded moratorium on loans from Gulf States and $30 bil investment by them to help Iraq rebuild Said that if Gulf States did not provide money and help with debt he knew how to get it

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Apr 1 Saddam speech said if US supported Israeli attack on Iraq he would burn Israel

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Apr 2 Saddam threatened to use WMD against Israel if it was attacked 

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Apr 5 Iraq said it would destroy its WMD if Israel did the same and signed 1968

            nuclear non-proliferation treaty

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Apr 9 Saudi Ambassador to US Bandar told Pres Bush Saddam would not attack Israel but

wanted guarantee that Israel would not attack Iraq Bush told Bandar he didn’t understand Saddam’s threats unless he intended some actions against Israel Saddam wanted to make sure his western flank was protected from any Israeli action before he invaded Kuwait

 

Apr 12 5 US senators visited Baghdad to criticize Iraq over its WMD and nuclear

programs that Congress was investigating Privately US Senators told Saddam Pres Bush wanted better relations with Iraq US Ambassador to Iraq Glaspie added that was US policy Saddam told US senators America was plotting with Israel to attack Iraq Saddam wanted to determine Washington’s position before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Apr 19 Saddam met with Yasser Arafat and discussed retaliatory attacks upon Israel and

            US if Iraq was attacked

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Apr 23 Report Iraq increased arms spending after Iran-Iraq War Largest arms importer in

world since 1985 Accounted for 9% of world’s arms purchases

 

Apr 28 Iraq hosted Arab summit Saddam attacked Kuwait for economic warfare vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Apr 28 Saddam asked Emir of Kuwait if Iraq could use two of its islands Emir said no

 

May 21 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf said Iraq had grievances with Kuwait

but didn’t expect it to use military force

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

May 24 US National Security Council deputies meeting told that US still sharing

            intelligence with Iraq

 

May 28 Arab summit in Baghdad Saddam spoke about freeing the Palestinians Saddam

accused Kuwait of breaking OPEC quotas driving down oil prices costing Iraq $14 bil Saddam called Kuwait’s oil policy an act of war against Iraq Saddam personally warned Sheikh Sabah of Kuwait he was being manipulated in US conspiracy against Iraq Saddam demanded $27 bil in compensation from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

May 28 Arab summit backed Iraq’s right to protect itself from any Israeli attack

May 28 PLO chief Arafat said Saddam was bringing new leadership to pan-Arab cause

 

Jun 18 International Islamic Popular Conference backed Iraq against Zionist aggression

            and conspiracy led by US and England

 

Jun 27 Iraq’s Revolutionary Command Council meeting gave Saddam okay to use force

            against Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 9 US Amb to Iraq Glaspie said that US working on releasing 2nd half of $1 bil loan

            guarantees to Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)

 

Jul 10 Gulf OPEC members met and agreed to follow quotas which Iraq had been

            demanding

 

Jul 12 Saddam ordered intel gathering on Kuwait’s terrain and military

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 14 Kuwait said it would reconsider OPEC quotas in Oct Was considered a breech

            by Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 14 Pres Mubarak visited Saddam in Baghdad trying to get him to backdown in

            confrontation with Kuwait

 

Jul 15 At Baath Party meeting decided Iraq should make its case to the world against Kuwait

so that it would not be seen as an aggressor Izzat al-Duri said Kuwait conspiring against Iraq and part of larger Israeli conspiracy

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 15 At Arab League Iraq complained Kuwait tapping into Rumaila oil field in Basra

costing Iraq $1 bil/year Demanded that UAE and Kuwait loans given during Iran-Iraq War be forgiven Threatened to use force against Kuwait and UAE accusing them of being tools of the US

Jul 15 Iraq made first deployment of troops for Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

 

Jul 16 Saddam on TV accused Kuwait and UAE of breaking OPEC quotas and driving

            down oil prices

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 16 Iraq moved a division to border with Kuwait as feud between two escalated Saddam

            wanted to see how west would react to his deployment of forces

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

Jul 16 Iraq Foreign Minister Aziz letter to Arab League said Kuwait stealing oil from

Rumaila field driving down oil prices destroying Iraq’s economy Called on Arab govts to forgive Iraq’s debt and help pay for rebuilding after Iran-Iraq War

 

Jul 17 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states

were working with US against Iraq Warned that if those states didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 18 Saddam moved 3 tank divisions to Iraq-Kuwait border

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 18 Saddam demanded that Kuwait repay for allegedly stealing oil and nullify

debt from Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Jul 18 Kuwait cabinet believed Iraq threats were to get it to continue financial

aid to Baghdad Thought if there was any military action it would only be along border

Jul 18 Sec Def Cheney said US would defend Kuwait Pentagon later said press

            exaggerated his statement

 

Jul 20 Pentagon report said Iraq unlikely to use force against Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 21 Iraq announced that it had placed troops along border with Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

 

Jul 23 British military attache told US Embassy in Baghdad that he’d seen thousands of

military vehicles moving south towards Kuwait US intel thought troops were just for intimidation

Jul 23 US Central Command ran war game on stopping Iraqi invasion of Kuwait US deployed

airborne corps and lost half its troops Led to reworking of plan that would be used in Gulf War

 

Jul 24 US military exercise with UAE Spokesman said US committed to defending its friends

in the Gulf  Saddam said he felt betrayed by US forces moving through the Persian Gulf

Jul 24 White House said it was concerned about Iraqi troop buildup along Kuwait’s border

Jul 24 State Dept US had no defense treaties or special relationship with Kuwait Did

            support Gulf States right to self defense

Jul 24 DIA reported weaknesses in Iraqi logistics meant low chance Iraq would invade

Kuwait

 

Jul 25 OPEC agreed to raise oil prices and follow quotas allaying Iraq complaints

            Kuwait & UAE overproducing and lowering prices

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 25 Saddam met with US Amb to Iraq Glaspie Saddam said he wanted meeting to be a

message to Pres Bush Saddam said US and Iraq didn’t have close understanding of each other that could lead to problems and misunderstandings Saddam accused US of plotting against Iraq Saddam told her UAE and Kuwait were forcing down oil prices, which was an attack upon Iraq He believed this was happening with US support Said US had to choose sides Saddam went on to say that he would not threaten Kuwait if it forgave its debt and agreed to follow OPEC quotas He was open to talks over this issue, but he was not willing to wait forever as Kuwait waged economic war upon Iraq Saddam went on that the Gulf States were refusing to renegotiate Iraq’s debt which was also part of a conspiracy Saddam threatened that if Kuwait didn’t give into Iraq’s demands he would act Ambassador Glaspie said Pres Bush wanted better Iraq-US relations Apologized for bad press Iraq getting in US media Asked why Saddam had placed troops near Kuwait border Said US had no opinion the on Iraq-Kuwait border dispute but warned against using force This was another attempt by Saddam to determine Washington’s position before he invaded Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Jul 25 Defense Special Assessment said Iraq trying to pressure Kuwait to give into its

            demands and didn’t think it would use military force

Jul 25 Assistant Secretary of State for Near East Kelly cancelled interview with Voice of

            America that would have warned Iraq about troops buildup along Kuwait border

Jul 25 Egypt’s Pres Mubarak called Saddam worried about Iraq putting troops on Kuwait

Border Mubarak claimed Saddam promised not to attack Kuwait which Saddam later denied

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

 

Jul 27 Congress voted to impose sanctions on Iraq for threats against Kuwait Israel

            nuke and WMD programs and human rights violations White House opposed

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Jul 27 Israel Science Minister threatened retaliation with chemical weapons if Iraq

attacked

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

 

Jul 28 Iraq said it was suspending talks with Kuwait over disputes over border and oil

Jul 28 Bush letter to Saddam asked him not to use force in region and hoped for

continued good US-Iraq relations Pentagon tried to block Bush note to Saddam fearing an Iraq invasion of Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 28 CIA briefed Bush warning that Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Jul 28 Egyptian intelligence sent report to Pres Mubarak saying Iraq would invade Kuwait

within a week Saddam had assured Mubarak Iraq would not invade Mubarak asked for another report

 

Jul 29 OPEC agreed to raise prices 20% that year under pressure from Iraq that

            wanted to boost revenues to rebuild after Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 29 Mukhabarat had placed 30 agents at Kuwait oil fields and Kuwait city to help

            with invasion

Jul 29 Egyptian intelligence sent 2nd report to Pres Mubarak with more details about Iraq’s

invasion plans

 

Jul 30 Saddam offered to withdraw its troops from Iran and settle Shatt al-Arab

            differences to prepare for Kuwait invasion

Jul 30 DIA analyst told DIA Dir Gen Soyster Iraq could overrun Kuwait and northern

Saudi Arabia Warned that US would have no warning if Iraq attacked Said that Saddam was going to use force because he never bluffed and Kuwait would make no concessions to Baghdad Soyster disagreed with analyst but passed along assessment to Secretary of Defense Cheney and Joint Chiefs head General Powell

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 30 Report Iraq had 100,000 troops on Kuwait border State Dept officials said it was a bluff

 

Jul 31 King Fahd and Pres Mubarak tried to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait

Jul 31 Kuwait emir told his representative to not give into any Iraqi demands at meeting

            in Saudi Arabia between 2 nations

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Jul 31 Saddam’s deputy Izzat al-Duri said that Kuwait was driving Iraq to kill it after rejected

all of Iraq’s demands

Jul 31 Assistant Secretary of State Kelly told House US had no defense treaty with Gulf

States and didn’t take position on border disputes or OPEC Said US would be concerned if Iraq invaded Kuwait but had no treaties with it

Jul 31 Pentagon said it was committed to individual and collective defense of its allies in

            the Gulf

Jul 31 Iraqi commanders told of Kuwait invasion plan

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

Jul 31 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf warned White House Iraq was going to

invade Kuwait

 

Aug 1 Iraq walked out on talks with Kuwait held in Saudi Arabia Kuwait offered to

cancel Iraq’s oil debts worth $14-$15 bil and lease Werba Island Kuwait and Saudis offered to pay $10 bil to Iraq for ending dispute Iraq said no and demanded $27 bil

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Aug 1 Revolutionary Command Council and Regional Command met to hear about

            meeting with Kuwait No progress Invasion order given

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

Aug 1 US intelligence found Iraq moved divisions within 3 miles of Kuwait border

Aug 1 Chief DIA analyst for Middle East believed Iraq would invade Kuwait CIA

            thought invasion imminent

Aug 1 Pentagon meeting including Secretary of Defense Cheney and Joint Chiefs head

Gen Powell agreed Iraq would not invade Kuwait Powell said since Iraq totalitarian govt and US didn’t have any good intelligence inside regime couldn't determine Saddam’s intentions Thought deploying troops was posturing by Baghdad and not for an invasion Cheney said couldn't’ tell whether Iraq meant to pressure Kuwait or use military force

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Aug 1 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf told Def Sec Cheney and Joint Chiefs

staff Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

Aug 1 NSC Deputies Committee decided Iraq was going to invade Kuwait after artillery

            units detected Said Bush should send Saddam warning not to invade Kuwait

Aug 1 NSC’s Haas convinced Natl Sec Adv Scowcroft to talk to Bush about warning

            Saddam not to invade Kuwait

Aug 1 NSC’s Haas and National Security Adviser Scowcroft convinced Bush to call

            Saddam to warn him about invading Kuwait Then got news of invasion

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Aug 1 Egyptian intelligence said Iraqi invasion of Kuwait imminent

 

Aug 2 Saddam invaded Kuwait originally claiming there was a coup and emir called on

Iraq for help Then changed story to Provisional Free Kuwait govt asked for help against ruling Sabah family

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

Aug 2 Iraq said it would only be in Kuwait for days-weeks until Provisional

            Free Kuwait Govt asked it to leave

Aug 2 Iraq accused Kuwait of being involved in foreign and Zionist plots

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

Aug 2 Most of Arab world did not report on Iraq’s Kuwait invasion until 2 days

            later

Aug 2 Kuwait’s ruling Sabah family tipped off about invasion U.S. flew them to Bahrain

            and then Saudi Arabia Called for resistance against the Iraqis

Aug 2 Iraq could not find any credible Kuwaitis to establish a provisional govt to run

            country for it

Aug 2 Iraq banned foreign travel for its nationals

Aug 2 Bush NSC meeting focused on how Iraq invasion of Kuwait would allow

Baghdad to control oil market Wondered if Iraq would invade Saudi Arabia to seize its oil Administration made no decision on what overall policy to take Did decide to go to UN gain international support impose sanctions

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Aug 2 National Security Adviser Scowcroft talked to Bush said he wanted to address

next NSC meeting and express steadfastly that US would not allow Kuwait invasion to stand Bush agreed Discussed using force to expel Iraq from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Aug 2 NSC’s Near East Dir Haas drafted memo on using sanctions and military

            options to deal with Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait 

Aug 2 Bush met Thatcher who said Kuwait invasion couldn't stand and troops had to be

sent to Middle East Bush agreed Thatcher said that if Iraq’s aggression was allowed to stand no small country could ever feel safe

Aug 2 US stopped loan guarantees to Iraq due to Kuwait invasion Froze Iraqi and

            Kuwait assets in US

Aug 2 Bush told reporters he was not thinking of using force in response to Iraq’s

            invasion of Kuwait

Aug 2 Joint Chiefs chairman Gen Powell told Gen Schwarkopf he thought US would

            go to war over Saudi Arabia but not Kuwait

Aug 2 UN Resolution 660 demanded Iraq’s immediate withdrawal from Kuwait Said

            Iraq and Kuwait had to use talks to resolve problems

Aug 2 Joint US-USSR statement condemned Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait

 

Aug 3 Last Kuwaiti resistance to Iraqi invasion ended

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

Aug 3 Amnesty International said Iraqi army had arrested Iraqi exiles in Kuwait

Aug 3 Arab League said it would mediate dispute between Iraq and Kuwait after

            invasion

Aug 3 2nd NSC meeting on Kuwait invasion Bush said he agreed with Thatcher that Iraq’s

actions could not stand and regional leaders were just talking about accepting the situation even though didn’t like it National Security Adviser Scowcroft said US would not accommodate Iraq Defense Secretary Cheney said Iraq was close to Saudi oil fields and if didn't take them would threaten them in the future Deputy Secretary of State Eagleburger said US couldn’t allow seizing countries in post-Cold War world Bush advisers agreed force would be used if necessary and sanctions would probably fail Bush ordered CIA to come up with destabilization plan against Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Aug 3 Bush met Saudi Ambassador to US Bandar and convinced him to support US

            troops being sent to his country

 

Aug 4 Bush met Kuwait emir Sabah and said US would free Kuwait and return emir

            to power

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Aug 4 Joint statement by US and Soviet Union condemned Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait

            and called for withdrawal

Aug 4 European Community imposed sanctions on Iraq for invasion of Kuwait

Aug 4 Iraq announced Provisional Government of Free Kuwait

Aug 4 King Hussein said Saddam was a patriot and wanted good Jordan-Iraq

            relations

Aug 4 White House went over military plans in response to Kuwait invasion Included

200,000-250,000 troops deploying to Saudi Arabia Offensive operations would be possible in 8-12 months Bush ordered offensive plans but only after Saudis asked for help

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Aug 4 Bush said goal of deploying US forces to Persian Gulf was to protect Saudi Arabia

Aug 4 Mukhabarat agents flown into Kuwait to run internal security

 

Aug 5 Pres Bush said Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait would not stand

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Aug 5 Saudi King asked for briefing on US military plans to respond to Kuwait

            invasion Secretary of Defense Cheney went to get basing rights

Aug 5 NSC meeting Bush said that Kuwait problem wouldn’t be solved until Saddam

            removed and defending Saudis and invading Kuwait two different things

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

 

Aug 6 UN Resolution 661 placed economic sanctions on Iraq for its invasion of

            Kuwait

Aug 6 US delegation convinced King Fahd to invite US troops to Saudi Arabia after

            Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait

Aug 6 Bush authorized Def Sec Cheney to start deploying troops to Saudi Arabia

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

Aug 6 Iraq issued statement saying reports about its forces heading towards Saudi border

            were false

Aug 6 Saddam met with US Charge De’Affaires Wilson Said he respected US interests

            and was not going to attack Saudi Arabia

Aug 6 Bush met Thatcher Both agreed to confront Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

 

Aug 7 Iraq declared Kuwait a republic

Aug 7 Saddam gave victory speech for invading Kuwait Said Kuwait’s al-Sabahs didn't

stand with masses but foreigners and got what they deserved Talked about a new day for Arabs

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

Aug 7 Saddam told aides that he didn’t fear war with US because all they would do is

            bomb and rally Arab world behind Iraq

Aug 7 Bush announced Operation Desert Shield to deploy US troops to Saudi Arabia

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Aug 8 Iraq announced merger of Kuwait and Iraq 

Aug 8 Pres Bush said a line had been drawn in the sand at the Saudi-Kuwait border to

            stop anymore Iraqi advances

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

 

Aug 9 US forces arrived in Saudi Arabia to protect it from Iraq after invasion of Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

Aug 9 UN Resolution 662 said that Iraq’s annexation of Kuwait was illegal

Aug 9 Turkey and Saudi Arabia closed pipelines to Iraq due to Kuwait invasion

 

Aug 10 Arab League split over Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait Did vote to demand Iraq

            withdrawal return of Sabah family to power troops to defend Saudi Arabia

Aug 10 Saddam speech called on Arabs and Muslims to rise up against the US in jihad

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Penn’s Dr Samuel Helfont on Saddam and Islam)

(Musings On Iraq review of Compulsion In Religion, Saddam Hussein, Islam, and the Roots of Insurgencies in Iraq)

 

Aug 12 Saddam said all occupations should end including Israel-Palestine and

            Syria-Lebanon to stave off criticism of Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

Aug 12 Were marches in Amman and Mafraq, Jordan, Sanaa in Yemen, Sidon in

            Lebanon in support of Iraq and Saddam after Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

Aug 12 British air unit arrived in Oman Egyptian division arrived in Saudi Arabia to protect

it from Iraq

Aug 12 Report Bush admin admitted that it’s policy of supporting Iraq ignoring abuses and

weapons programs failed

 

1990 Report Bush admin admitted that it’s policy of supporting Iraq ignoring abuses and

weapons programs failed

 

Aug 15 Iraqi opposition in Iran claimed they could field 50,000 to fight Saddam

Aug 15 Iraq offered to fully implement UN Resolution 598 that ended Iran-Iraq War and

restore Shatt al-Arab Algiers Agreement to try to win favor with Iran while facing international criticism for invading Kuwait

 

Aug 17 Iraq began withdrawing from disputed areas of Iran and released Iranian prisoners

held since Iran-Iraq War

 

Aug 18 Saddam said foreign workers and visitors could not leave Iraq after Kuwait

            invasion

Aug 18 UN Resolution 664 demanded Iraq release foreign nationals it held

 

Aug 20 NSD 45 signed saying U.S. would get withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait restore

            Kuwaiti govt restore security of Gulf protect U.S. citizens in Kuwait and Iraq

Aug 20 Iraq withdrew from last piece of Iranian territory taken during Iran-Iraq War Meant

to secure east front

 

Aug 23 Saddam appeared on state TV with western hostages in Iraq Told them they were

            being held to prevent war

 

Aug 24 PLO Foreign Minister Qaddumi said PLO supported Iraq against colonialists

 

Aug 25 UN Resolution 665 strengthened economic sanctions on Iraq for Kuwait invasion

 

Aug 28 Kuwait formally annexed as 19th province of Iraq

Aug 28 Saddam’s son in law Hussein Kamal told by army chief of staff Gen Khazraji that

war with US led coalition inevitable and Iraq would lose

Aug 28 Egypt’s Pres Mubarak attempted to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait

Aug 28 Saddam allowed western women and children hostages captured during Kuwait

            invasion to go home

 

Sep 3 Defense Secretary Cheney told Senate Armed Services Committee White House

            didn’t need anymore congressional authorization to take action vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

 

Sep 4 Sec State Baker told Congress Kuwait crisis wasn’t about oil from that country but

Saddam being able to dictate future of global economy

 

Sep 5 Saddam called for overthrowing Saudi and Egyptian govts for their opposition to

            Kuwait invasion Said that Muslims should rise up in the name of Islam

 

Sep 6 King Fahd of Saudi Arabia promised $15 bil to help pay for Operation Desert

            Storm to protect the kingdom from Iraq

 

Sep 7 Emir of Kuwait agreed to pay $15 bil to help pay for military operations in Saudi

            Arabia to protect it from Iraq

Sep 7 Republican Guard withdrawn from Kuwait to form defensive line to protect Basra

 

Sep 9 Joint US-Soviet statement said that Iraq’s aggression in Kuwait would not stand

 

Sep 10 Iran and Iraq renewed relations as Saddam attempted to secure his eastern

            border before Gulf War

 

Sep 11 Iraq released edited version of Saddam’s meeting with US Amb Glaspie Saddam

told Amb Glaspie Iraq would take military action vs Kuwait if it didn’t give into Iraq’s Demands

 

Sep 16 Bush said sanctions on Iraq would end when it withdrew from Kuwait and

            released foreign hostages

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Sep 16 UN Resolution 667 demanded Iraq release foreign nationals it detained in Kuwait

 

Sep 18 Iraq Army Chief of Staff Gen Khazraji told Saddam Iraq would lose any war with

US Saddam dismissed warning

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

 

Sep 20 Saddam dismissed army chief of staff Gen Khazraji for saying Iraq would lose any

war with US

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

Sep 20 British intel report said lots of unknowns about Iraq’s ballistic missile program

 

Sep 21 Revolutionary Command Council said it would not retreat from Kuwait and ready

            for mother of all battles

 

Sep 22 Iraq said if sanctions started to hurt it would attack Saudi Arabia and Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Sep 24 Kurd, Shiite and Communist opposition parties claimed united front against

Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

Sep 24 Joint Chiefs head Powell briefed Bush arguing for sanctions over war with Iraq

Bush said he had to take action

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Oct 2 Report German companies built facilities and provided agents for Iraq’s WMD

program in 1980s Germany denied it helped with weapons Iraqi front companies bought equipment in Europe

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

 

Oct 4 Hosni Mubarak said Iraq and Israel had secret meetings in 1987 and 1989 facilitated

            by US academic Laurie Mylroie

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

 

Oct 5 Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz addressed UN saying Iraq wouldn’t compromise on

            Kuwait

 

Oct 9 Bush said willing to give sanctions chance but would not allow Iraq to annex Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Oct 10 Congressional caucus held hearing where Kuwaiti girl claimed she saw Iraqi

soldiers take babies out of incubators and stole the equipment during invasion of Kuwait Story was false promoted by PR firm hired by Kuwait govt

 

Oct 11 Pres Bush decided to give up on sanctions and use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Oct 14 Iran and Iraq officially restored diplomatic relations as Saddam tried to secure his

            Eastern flank as war neared with US

 

Oct 29 UN Security Council said overtures to Iraq had failed and talked about alternatives

            but came up with nothing

Oct 29 Bush said US wouldn’t rule out use of force against Iraq for Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Oct 30 Bush decided to double number of US troops in Saudi Arabia

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Nov 8 Bush asked if he would use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait Wouldn’t answer

            the question

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Nov 26 Report 1984 Germany companies helped build WMD plant and equip it 1985

German company built nerve gas plant in Fallujah Another built plant in Samarra 1987 Companies sent technicians to Iraq to help with agents for WMD Berlin warned about companies but did nothing

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

 

Nov 29 UN Resolution 678 gave Iraq until 1/15/91 to withdraw from Kuwait

Nov 29 Iraq released all the foreign hostages it held trying to sway world public opinion

 

Dec 6 Iraq began issuing passports for Iranians to visit Shiites shrines in Iraq

 

Dec 15 Saddam told officials that US started war against Iraq in 1986 when it sold

            weapons to Iran in Iran-Contra Affair

 

1990 Report 1980 Iraq began setting up network of front companies to buy equipment for

nuclear bomb program Main focus building centrifuges to produce uranium Program suffered setbacks

 

Dec 27 100 congressmen asked Bush to give Iraq sanctions chance to work

 

1991

Jan 9 Secretary of State Baker met with Iraq For Min Aziz Aziz and failed to end Kuwait

crisis Baker warned Aziz not to use WMD in upcoming Gulf War Baker tried to give Aziz a letter from Bush to Saddam but Aziz refused to take it Baker thought Iraq didn’t believe US threats because believed US still stuck on Vietnam Bush sent Baker to Baghdad to convince people he was trying all options to end Kuwait crisis

Jan 9 Iraq said that if it was attacked it would strike Israel

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

 

Jan 12 Bush administration authorized by Congress to use force to make Iraq

            withdraw from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

Jan 13 UN Sec Gen deCuellar went to Baghdad to try to avert Gulf War

 

Jan 14 Saddam called on Iraqis to fight to the death to hold Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

Jan 14 Intel chief Gen Samarrie told Saddam Iraq would be hard pressed in war Had bad

defensive positions and forces exposed Saddam said Iraq could take casualties and U.S. could not

Jan 14 Report Iraq got uranium from France Russia Portugal Nigeria Argentina Brazil Italy

for its bomb program Needed enrichment plant for weapon Germany UK US sold it equipment for program Set up front companies and invested in others to get equipment Didn’t have enough centrifuges Didn’t have workable plan to build bomb light enough for missile

 

Jan 15 UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait ended

Jan 15 Bush signed National Security Directive 54 authorizing war to expel Iraq from

            Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

 

 

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

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