Tuesday, August 6, 2013

Complete 2013 Iraq Provincial Elections Results


Iraq’s provincial elections are a bit of a paradox. First, there have been three successful transfers of powers since 2005 when Iraq regained its sovereignty, which is a positive step for the country’s developing democracy. However, Iraq’s governorate councils have only limited power. They rely upon the central government for their budgets and services, and have to go through the various ministries and agencies to get anything done such as development plans. This creates a never-ending stream of complaints from the periphery about the center. In the last several years, these problems have also led to protests over the inability of Baghdad to provide things such as electricity and other services. In June 2013, parliament amended the 2008 Provincial Powers Law, which if implemented would dramatically decentralize power to the local governments. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki didn’t pay attention to the original law, and its unlikely that his centralizing tendencies will allow him to follow through on the new one. The ministries share the premier’s opinion as well. For instance, the Municipalities and Public Works Ministry is already claiming that the councils have no decision-making powers over development projects as the legislation provides. That means that while there has been a tremendous amount of political capital expended by Iraq’s elites to form the new governorate authorities they are really only negotiating over positions, which have limited influence, and are probably much more important to the parties to dole out patronage. Many analysts have also pointed out that the 2013 vote could be a harbinger for the 2014 parliamentary elections, but that may not play out. The 2009 provincial balloting for example was all about local issues like the economy and services, but that did not really carry over into 2010. That year Maliki’s State of Law and the Iraqi National Movement started off pushing nationalist issues, but then soon devolved into whether candidates should be banned for their alleged ties to the Baath Party. More importantly Maliki's sweeping victory in 2009 only translated into a second place finish in 2010. Next year’s vote is a long ways away, and anything could happen between then and now, so the trends that evolved during the 2013 balloting may not apply.

As for the actual results, 2013 was a setback for Maliki’s State of Law. The list was much larger this year including the Fadhila Party, the Badr Organization, and Ibrahim al-Jaafari’s National Reform Party. In 2009, State of Law had a sweeping victory in southern Iraq and Baghdad winning 126 seats, playing upon the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq’s (ISCI) failure at developing those provinces. Fadhila won 5, and Jaafari’s National Reform Party pulled in 23. All together that was 154 seats, and that did not include what Badr won when it was part of ISCI. In comparison, in 2013 the expanded State of Law only won 109 seats, a loss of at least 45 seats. Like the Supreme Council beforehand, Maliki’s list suffered the fate of being the incumbents, and the inability to develop the provinces they ruled. ISCI’s Citizen’s Alliance and the Sadrists’ Liberal Coalition were the beneficiaries going from 55 to 61 seats and 41 to 47 seats respectively. The Sunni vote was similarly divided with Speaker Osama Nujafi’s Mutahidun coming out with the most seats, 30, compared to his rivals, Deputy Premier Saleh al-Mutlaq’s Arab Iraqiya, at 10 seats, and Iyad Allawi’s Iraqiya, 16 seats. All together, those lists lost over 40 seats however as many voters decided to throw in their lot with smaller parties. That shows continued lack of leadership in the Sunni community, and the inability of both those aligned with the protest movement, Mutahidun, and those willing to work with the prime minister, Mutlaq, gaining much traction with the public. The Kurdish parties also saw a decline going from 20 seats in 2009 to 15 in 2013. They seemed to have suffered from voter dissatisfaction as well. When it came to new ruling coalitions, Anbar, Babil, Baghdad, Basra, Muthanna, and Wasit all switched hands with State of Law losing control of three of those, most importantly the capital Baghdad and the economic capital Basra, but also gaining Babil and Muthanna. The other eight governorates had the same parties holding onto the governorships. Overall, State of Law could falter in 2014 as well. Being the incumbent might be only one of their problems however. Today, Premier Maliki is also being blamed for the deteriorating security situation, which was not really an issue in this year’s election. Again, only so much can be discerned about Iraq’s future from this year’s vote as the country is still in a very fluid situation where things are always changing in unexpected ways.


Total Seats By List 2013
List
Total Seats
Leader
State of Law
109
PM Maliki
Citizen’s Alliance
61
Ammar Hakim
Liberal Coalition
47
Moqtada al-Sadr
Mutahidun
30
Speaker Nujafi
Iraqiya
16
Iyad Allawi
Brotherhood and Coexistence
15
KDP-PUK
Iraqiya Babil/Diyala
11
Speaker Nujafi/Dep PM Mutlaq
Arab Iraqiya
10
Dep PM Mutlaq
Loyalty to Najaf
9
Adnan Abdul Khudayr Zurfi
Equitable State Movement
8
Habib Nour Mahdi Nehme
Alliance of Iraqi People
7
Salahaddin Gov. Ahmed Abdullah
Dawa-Internal Organization
7
Hashem Musawi
Iraq Independent Professionals Group
7
Hamid Ahmed Aboud Radi
National Partnership Gathering
6
Mohammed Fadel Obeid Omran
Abirun
5
Anbar Gov. Fahadawi
Dignity Alliance of Iraq
5

Alliance of Independent People of Diwaniya
4

Loyalty to Ninewa
4
Ghanim Baso/Dep PM Mutlaq
Anbar Patriotic Alliance
3

Constitution and Justice
3

Hope for Mesopotamia
3

Iraq’s Benevolence and Generosity List
3
Dr. Rushdi Said
Al Liwa
3
Yousef Majid al-Habboubi
National Independent Elite Movement
3

Solidarity With Iraq
3

Unified Ninewa
3

Babil Civil Alliance/Communists
2

Basra Independent Coalition
2

Citizenship State Bloc
2

Fayli Kurds Brotherhood List
2

Gathering of Muthanna
2

Iraq National Alliance
2

Iraqi Justice and Democracy Alliance
2

Just State
2

Loyal Hands’ Gathering
2

Muthanna Alliance for Change & Reconstruction
2

National Moderation Front
2

National White Bloc
2

Popular Will Project
2

Salahaddin Unified Coalition
2

State of Social Justice
2

Alternative Movement
1

Al Amin Coalition
1

Amiroun Alliance
1

Assyrian and Chaldean Assembly
1

Baghdad Turkmen List
1

Basra’s Civil Alliance
1

Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Gathering
1

Civil Democratic Alliance in Wasit
1

Civil Democrats
1

Determined to Build
1

Diyala’s New Coalition
1

Diwaniya Civil Alliance
1

Free Iraqi Coalition
1

Free Shabak
1

Gathering of Justice and Unity
1

Integrity and Efficiency
1

Iraq’s Advocates for State Support
1

Iraq’s Affluents
1

Iraq’s National Coalition
1

Iraqi Masses Gathering
1

Loyalty to Iraq Coalition
1

Najaf Province’s Change Coalition
1

National Flag Gathering
1

Ninewa Patriotic Alliance
1

Ninewa’s Bravery Coalition
1

Oum Rabih Ninewa Tribes
1

Raed Jabbar Salah
1

Renaissance and Building Gathering
1

Salahaddin Turkmen’s List
1

Valiants of Iraq
1

Will of Iraq Movement
1

Yazidi Movement for Reform and Progress
1

Total
447


Comparison of Governors By Party 2009 vs. 2013
Province
2009
2013
Anbar
Awakening of Iraq
Mutahidun
Babil
Liberal Coalition/Sadr
State of Law
Baghdad
State of Law
Liberal Coalition/Sadr
Basra
State of Law
Citizen’s Alliance/ISCI
Dhi Qar
State of Law
State of Law
Diyala
Accordance Front
Iraqiya Diyala/
Accordance Front
Karbala
State of Law
State of Law
Maysan
Liberal Coalition/Sadr
Liberal Coalition/Sadr
Muthanna
Citizen’s Alliance
State of Law
Najaf
Loyalty to Najaf
Loyalty to Najaf
Ninewa
Al Hadbaa
Al-Hadbaa/Mutahidun
Qadisiyah
State of Law
State of Law
Salahaddin
Independent
Independent
Wasit
State of Law
Citizen’s Alliance/ISCI

Seat Comparison By Party 2005 vs. 2009 vs. 2013 Across 14 Provinces (Excluding Tamim & KRG)
Party
2005
2009
2013
Difference 2009 vs 2013
Dawa/State of Law
25
126
109
(Plus Badr)

-45+
Fadhila
49
5
State of Law

Islamic Dawa – Iraq
17
0
State of Law

National Reform Party/Jaafari
-
23
State of Law

Coalition of Islamic & National Forces in Diyala (Dawa & ISCI)
24
-
-

ISCI
163
55
61
(Minus Badr)
+6
Sadrists
23
41

47
+6
Iraqi Islamic Party/Iraqi Accordance Front
45
32
Mutahidun

Al-Hadbaa/Mutahidun
-
19
30
-21
Iraqi National List/Iraqiya
18
26

16
-10
Iraqi National Project/Mutlaq & National Movement for Development and Reform/Karbuli
-
22
10
-12
Kurds
46
20
15
-5

Election Results By Province 2013

Anbar
Party
Total Votes
Seats
Mutahidun
115,605
8
Abirun
62,581
5
Arab Iraqiya
57,332
4
Iraqiya
39,500
3
Anbar Patriotic Alliance
35,214
3
Iraqi National Alliance
32,718
2
Popular Will Project
25,210
2
Iraq’s Affluents
10,785
1
Amiroun Alliance
10.785
1
Valiants of Iraq
8,932
1
Other Parties
17,457

Total
414,554
30
Mutahidun
Governor

Arab Iraqiya
Head of Council


Babil
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
142,568
8
Citizen’s Alliance
115,188
7
Iraq Independent Professionals Group
69,087
4
Liberal Coalition
51,869
4
Babil Civil Alliance/Communists
30,578
2
Iraqiya
20.755
1
Iraq’s National Coalition
20,755
1
Dawa Internal Organization
19,527
1
National Partnership Gathering
18,565
1
Al Amin Coalition
16,865
1
Iraqiya Babil
12.754
1
Other Parties
26,688

Total
548,671
31
State of Law
Governor

Iraq Independent Professionals Group
Head of Council


Baghdad
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
569,178
20
Mutahidun
183,716
7
Citizen’s Alliance
163,022
6
Liberal Coalition
137,808
4
Iraqiya
80,066
3
National Independent Elite Movement
78,429
3
Arab Iraqiya
70,644
3
Citizenship State Bloc
48,605
2
National Partnership Gathering
31,889
1
Dawa Internal Organization
24,339
1
Iraqi Justice and Democracy Alliance
23,388
1
Free Iraqi Coalition
15,957
1
Iraq’s Benevolence and Generosity List
15,162
1
Fayli Kurds Brotherhood List
8,675
1
Baghdad Turkmen List
1,947
1
Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Gathering Coalition
1,513
1
Raed Jabbar Salah
781
1
Other Parties
112,580

Total
1,567,699
58
Liberal Coalition
Governor

Mutahidun
Head of Council


Basra
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
292,658
16
Citizen’s Alliance
121,875
6
Liberal Coalition
58,312
3
Basra Independent Coalition
29,384
2
Gathering of Justice and Unity
24,513
1
Basra’s Civil Alliance
17,541
1
Alternative Movement
15,643
1
Dawa Internal Organization
15,493
1
Will of Iraq Movement
13,940
1
Iraqiya
13,319
1
Mutahidun
10,386
1
Other Parties
34,873

Total
647,937
35
Citizen’s Alliance
Governor

State of Law
Head of Council


Dhi Qar
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
176,861
10
Citizen’s Alliance
122,088
7
Liberal Coalition
81,338
5
Solidarity With Iraq
50,363
3
Equitable State Movement
43,369
3
National Partnership Gathering
26,670
2
Civil Democrats
17,906
1
Total

31
State of Law
Governor

State of Law
Head of council


Diyala
Party
Total Votes
Seats
Diyala’s National Coalition
170,292
12 (State of Law 10, Liberal Coalition 2)
Iraqiya Diyala
149,535
10
Brotherhood and Coexistence List
49,415
3
Iraqiya
27,670
2
Determined to Build
17,935
1
Diyala’s New Coalition
13,980
1
Total

29
Iraqiya Diyala
Governor

Liberal Coalition
Head of Council


Karbala
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
84,447
7
Liberal Coalition
43,945
4
Al Liwa
33,614
3
Citizen’s Alliance
33,362
3
Hope for Mesopotamia
32,527
3
Equitable State Movement
32,454
3
National Moderation Front
18,501
2
Iraq’s Advocates for State Support
13,102
1
Iraqi Justice and Democracy Alliance
8,559
1
Total

27
State of Law
Governor

State of Law
Head of Council


Maysan
Party
Total Votes
Seats
Liberal Coalition
89,906
9
State of Law
77,917
8
Citizen’s Alliance
63,060
6
Integrity and Efficiency
11,605
1
National Partnership Gathering
10.771
1
National Flag Gathering
9,814
1
Dawa Internal Organization
5,615
1
Others
3,665
-
Total
272,353
27
Liberal Coalition
Governor

State of Law
Head of Council


Muthanna
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
76,777
9
Citizen’s Alliance
67,203
7
Liberal Coalition
31,290
3
Iraq Independent Professionals Group
27,065
3
Gathering of Muthanna
24,931
2
Muthanna Alliance for Change & Reconstruction
17,561
2
Others
6,029

Total
250,856
26
State of Law
Governor

Citizen’s Alliance
Head of Council


Najaf
Party
Total Votes
Seats
Loyalty to Najaf
118,310
9
Citizens’ Alliance
82,020
6
State of Law
76,519
5
Liberal Coalition
45,167
3
Just State
25,889
2
Najaf Province’s Change Coalition
14,464
1
National Partnership Gathering
14,314
1
Renaissance and Building Gathering
8,521
1
Dawa Internal Organization
7,571
1
Others
10,546
-
Total

29
Loyalty to Najaf
Governor

State of Law
Head of Council


Ninewa

Party
Total Votes
Seats
Brotherhood and Coexistence
173,687
11 (KDP 8, PUK 3)
Mutahidun
129,556
8
Loyalty to Ninewa
66,517
4
Unified Ninewa
45,971
3
Constitution and Justice
39,126
3
Iraqiya
31,276
2
Ninewa’s Bravery Coalition
23,361
1
Ninewa Patriotic Alliance
22,734
1
Oum Rabih Ninewa Tribes
21,349
1
Free Shabak
12,689
1 (quota)
Yazidi Movement for Reform and Progress
10,397
1 (quota)
Iraqi Masses Gathering
8,633
1
Assyrian and Chaldean Assembly
8,635
1 (quota)
Iraq’s Benevolence and Generosity
8,076
1
Total
581,449
39
Mutahidun
Governor

Brotherhood and Coexistence
Head of Council


Qadisiyah
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
114,697
8
Citizen’s Alliance
66,691
5
Liberal Coalition
50,544
4
Alliance of Independent People of Diwaniya
49,831
4
National White Bloc
33,092
2
Dawa Internal Organization
29,517
2
Loyalty to Iraq Coalition
11,207
1
Diwaniya Civil Alliance
9,472
1
Equitable State Movement
8,141
1
Total

28
State of Law
Governor

Citizen’s Alliance
Head of Council


Salahaddin
Party
Total Votes
Seats
Alliance of Iraqi People
95,338
7
Mutahidun
79,705
5
Dignity Alliance of Iraq
66,549
5
Iraqiya
46,287
3
National Coalition in Salahaddin
39,447
3 (State of Law 1, Citizen’s Alliance 1, Liberal Coalition 1)
Arab Iraqiya
24,167
2
Salahaddin Unified Coalition
23,497
2
Brotherhood and Coexistence List
21,373
1
Salahaddin Turkmen’s List
18,395
1
Total

29
Alliance of Iraqi People
Governor

National Coalition in Salahaddin
Head of Council


Wasit
Party
Total Votes
Seats
State of Law
96,664
7
Citizen’s Alliance
86,403
7
Liberal Coalition
63,584
5
Loyal Hands’ Gathering
29,969
2
State of Social Justice
28,446
2
Iraq’s Benevolence and Generosity List
13,678
1
Iraqiya
13,055
1
Equitable State Movement
8,447
1
Civil Democratic Alliance in Wasit
8,420
1
Fayli Kurds Brotherhood List
2,212
1
Total

28
Citizen’s Coalition
Governor

Liberal Coalition
Head of council


SOURCES

Abbas, Mushreq, “Iraqi Provincial Law Renews Debate Over Centralization,” Al-Monitor, 7/8/13

Abdullah, Ali, “Citizen coalition and the Liberals on the mechanism of choosing the head of the provincial council in Najaf,” Buratha News, 6/13/13

AIN, “Breaking news…Diyala National Alliance tops elections results in Diyala,” 5/4/13
- “Breaking News…Iraqiya Masses 1st in Salah il-Din,” 5/4/13
- “IHEC announces results of Anbar PC elections,” 6/25/13
- “Nasiri nominated as Thi-Qar Governor, Sahlani as its Chairman,” 6/16/13
- “SLC, Citizen, Ahrar forefront electoral slates in Basra,” 5/4/13
- “SLC, Citizen Coalition top results of Babel PC slates,” 5/4/13
- “SLC tops electoral slates in Diwaniya,” 5/4/13
- “Thiyab nominated as new Anbar Governor, Halbousi as its PC Chairman,” 7/31/13
- “Urgent…Brotherhood & Coexistence (Ta’akhi) Slate tops results of Nineveh local elections,” 6/26/13
- “Urgent…Muthana PC nominates Mayali as Muthana Governor, Yasiri as its Chairman,” 6/17/13
- “URGENT…SLC wins 7 seats among 27 in Karbala,” 5/4/13
- “Urgent….Timimi designated as Baghdad Governor, Adhadh as Baghdad PC chairman,” 6/15/13

Alsumaria, “Alliance Kurdish brotherhood and coexistence first and second united Nineveh elections,” 6/26/13
- “Raad Hamza capacity as Chairman of the Board of Babylon and honest meaning conservative law,” 6/15/13

Buratha News, “Given the position of first deputy governor of Diyala province to the Kurdistan Alliance,” 6/19/13
- “The rule of law in Karbala loses one of its members because of the position of the Governor,” 6/18/13

Al-Mada, “Diwaniyah terminate the distribution of positions on file members,” 6/17/13
- “Interior inspector general governor of Karbala and Iraqi partnership take Diyala,” 6/20/13
- “Maliki wraps Sadr and Hakim alliance in Dhi Qar, Najaf .. and gets 5 committees of the Government of Wasit,” 6/15/13
- “Maliki’s bloc announces the formation of a coalition (the sons of Dhi Qar) to win the leadership of the provincial council and exclude the Liberals the Citizen’s Alliance,” 6/13/13
- “Maysan, Salahuddin keep on Lazem .. Samad assisted tribes to get a second term,” 6/8/13
- “Minister of Municipalities: No local governments have the right to make decisions on projects ministries articulated,” 7/9/13
- “The new governor of Wasit province offers promise I: activation of services and accounting firms lagging and genuine partnership,” 6/17/13
- “Uniters progressing in Anbar, according to 85% of the results and then Mutlaq and Allawi,” 6/22/13

National Iraqi News Agency, “Breaking News—Ethel al-Nujaifi keeps his position as governor of Nineveh,” 7/31/13
- “BREAKING NEWS Majid Nasrawi elected Governor of Basra,” 6/12/13

Radio Nawa, “Election Aqeel Turaihi conservative Karbala and Nassif Jassem president of council of State of Law,” 6/19/13

Shafaq News, “KDP wins 14 seats in Nineveh and Shafaq News publishes the winners’ names,” 6/22/13
- “KDP wins quota of Shabak and Yazidis in Nineveh,” 6/22/13
- “Kurds win 11 seats and 8 for Mutahedoun in Nineveh council,” 6/26/13

Sotaliraq, “Commission announces preliminary results of the elections of Nineveh and Anbar .. Uniters in the lead,” 6/22/13

Visser, Reidar, “As the Deadline for Forming Coalitions Expires, Maliki Creates Monster Sectarian Alliance for Iraq’s Local Elections in April 2013,” Iraq and Gulf Analysis, 12/21/12
- “Final Results of the Iraqi Provincial Elections 2013,” Iraq and Gulf Analysis, 5/4/13
- “The First Batch of New Iraqi Provincial Governments,” Iraq and Gulf Analysis, 6/17/13

Wikipedia, “Iraqi Governorate Elections 2013”

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