Thursday, February 21, 2019

After Liberation Of Iraq’s Baiji District An Uncertain Peace


The Iraqi Human Rights Observatory said that thousands of people have not been able to return to their homes in the Baiji district of eastern Salahaddin. It cited four main reasons: over 20,000 homes are destroyed or damaged, there is a lack of work, there is apprehension about the security situation, and Hashd forces are refusing to let people back. This area is symbolic of many other parts of central Iraq that are suffering from the aftermath of the war with the Islamic State.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 21


1922 UK Sec of War Evans told Foreign Office it should back King Faisal because that would allow
UK to exit Iraq and escape expenses of running country
1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 6 began Aimed at taking Ali al-Gharbi 15 miles into Iraq
1984 Iraq warned that it could use chemical weapons against next Iranian offensive
1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Fao began on 3 fronts Iraq used poison gas but bad weather dissipated
effects
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1991 Foreign Minister Aziz went to Moscow Told Gorbachev Iraq wouldn't accept UN resolution to
recognize Kuwait independence and pay reparations
1991 Russia announced proposal for Iraq withdrawal from Kuwait in return for lifting of sanctions US
rejected offer
1999 Govt killed 20 protesting assassination of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr by Saddam and arrested 250
across Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)
2002 Fmr Amb Joseph Wilson left for Niger to investigate Iraq buying uranium from it
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 ORHA staff met in DC to have run through their Iraq postwar plans
2003 Blair met Bush at Camp David to reaffirm their alliance to remove Saddam
2004 Report US did not brief UN inspectors on 21 of 105 WMD sites in Iraq US claimed it gave info on all
sites
2004 UN Secretary General Annan said UN was ready to assist Iraq with elections but couldn’t happen
before end of June 2004
2006 PBS Frontline show “The Insurgency” said Iraqi insurgency expanded and Islamists replaced former
regime members as leaders
2007 Blair announced England would begin withdrawing 1,500 troops from Basra
2007 Report British lost politically and militarily in Basra by 2005 when Shiite religious parties won
provincial election and took control of security forces and economy
2007 Australia said it would keep its 1,400 soldiers in Iraq
2008 Op Sun 800 Turkish troops entered Kurdistan to attack PKK
2011 Group of men attacked protesters in Baghdad’s Tahrir Square while police looked on
2015 National Alliance MPs complained that Abadi didn’t consult with them about his reforms
2015 Sadrists said Abadi missed great chance to reform country Sadrists had been PM Abadi’s main
supporters
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Activists Targeted In Basra For Summer 2018 Protests

Basra protests Sep 2018 (AP)

During the summer of 2018 protests returned to Basra focused upon services like water and electricity, fighting corruption and better governance. They eventually turned into riots in Basra city that went after political parties, Hashd al-Shaabi groups, and the Iranian consulate. Several activists were arrested and killed in what organizers believed was retaliation by some of those same parties.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 20


1940 Gen Umari Mosul garrison commander attempted coup rather than be forced to resign
by Regent Put down by Golden Square officers
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad
1985 US and Soviet officials met to discuss ways to end Iran-Iraq War Nothing came of it
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 US 1st Cav Div launched large attack into Iraq Engaged 7 Iraqi divisions to deceive Iraqis on where
invasion would come from
1995 KDP and PUK resumed fighting in Rawandaz ending ceasefire
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1996 Hussein Kamal and brother Saddam Kamal accepted pardon from Saddam and returned to Iraq Were
later killed
1998 UN Sec Gen Annan met with Saddam to try to restart UN weapons inspections
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1998 UN report said Iraq’s electricity situation was in dire straights
1998 UN Res 1153 increased Iraq’s exports from $2 bil in oil each 6 months to $5.2 bil and expanded
imports from food and medicine to infrastructure needs
1999 Supreme Council accused govt of killing Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr
(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)
2002 Secret CIA team entered Kurdistan to prepare for ops inside Iraq called Northern Iraq Liaison
Elements
2002 CIA gave fmr Amb Johseph Wilson talking points for his trip to Niger to investigate Iraq-Niger
uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2002 UK Joint Intel Comm chief Scarlett briefed For Sec Cook on Iraq’s WMD Cook thought Iraq didn’t
have capability for large scale WMD attack
2003 Chief UN Inspector Blix told Blair intelligence he’d gotten wasn’t great and maybe Iraq didn’t have
much WMD
2003 UN sources told press US intel on Iraq WMD was not turning up anything
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Report interviews with Iraqi scientists by inspectors had not turned up any evidence of a nuclear
program
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2004 Report CPA dropping caucus plan to elect Iraqi provisional govt and working with UN for alternative
Iraqi Governing Council wanted to expand membership from 25 to 125 and become new govt
2007 British turned over army base in Basra to Iraqi 10th Division as part of withdrawal from province
2007 Report Officials claimed 80% drop in violence in Baghdad at start of Surge US focusing upon Dora
South Baghdad Sadr told Mahdi Army to stand down
2007 Report Sadrist mosques posted lists of Mahdi Army fighters expelled Sadr was trying to purge and
            control militia
2012 Saudi Arabia named its Jordan Ambassador as non-resident ambassador to Iraq as relations were
slowly improving
2013 Iraq signed deal to build natural gas pipeline from Iran across Iraq to Syria
2016 PM Abadi said financial crisis meant reforms needed Called for end of quota system in govt
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2016 Sadr created committee to nominate technocrats for Abadi’s new cabinet
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)
2018 Report some of the 9 Abrams tanks pro-Iran Hashd units got came from the Iraqi army rest were
captured from IS
(Musings On Iraq article on how Hashd got Abrams tanks)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Security In Iraq Feb 8-14, 2019

(Shafaaq News)

There was another week with few security incidents in Iraq. For almost four months now the country has averaged 20-30 security events each week and the second week of February was no different.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 19


1939 King Ghazi summoned army chief of staff Fawzi and ordered invasion of Kuwait PM Said
reversed order
1949 PM Said said Jews had been mistreated in Iraq and warned that things could get worse for them due
to Israel
1963 New Arif govt started talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP to end Kurdish rebellion
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Fao Peninsula called off
1986 US condemned Iraq’s use of chemical weapons against Iran in Fao Peninsula in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1987 Iranian Rev Guard broke through Iraqi defenses Now 5 miles from Basra city
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
1987 NSC official said US attempted to assist Iraq in Iran-Iraq War without providing it with arms
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam demanded that US warships leave the Persian Gulf
1991 US 1st Cav division launched probing attack into Kuwait to foll Iraq about where real offensive would
begin  
1995 Saddam representatives met with bin Laden in Sudan who asked for broadcast of jihadist lectured and
asked for joint ops against Saudis Meeting confirmed in Iraqi intel report Only confirmed meeting between two sides
1996 Saddam’s son-in-law Hussein Kamal sent letter to Iraq asking about returning to country after
defected to Jordan
1998 Blair said UN weapons inspections had to continue or action would be taken against Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1998 Comm for Peace and Security in the Gulf publishes letter to Clinton saying US should overthrow
Saddam
1998 Report Al Qaeda operative was to travel to Iraq to talk with govt False story
1999 Followers of Ayatollah Sadr met in Saddam City after his assassination by govt Fired upon by army
80 killed Led to more protests
(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)
2002 CIA met with fmr Amb Joseph Wilson to ask if he would go to Niger to investigate alleged Iraq
yellowcake deal  
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 ORHA head Garner briefed Natl Sec Adv Rice to use Iraqi army and police to help rebuilding Iraq
after war
2004 UN endorsed CPA’s timetable for transferring power back to Iraqis in June 2004
2004 CPA had to abandon idea of unelected caucuses choosing interim govt to write new Iraq constitution
2007 VP Hashemi told Al Jazeera militia leaders told about Surge plan beforehand so they could avoid it
2007 2 suicide car bombs hit Awakening head Sheikh Abu Risha’s compound Ramadi district    
2009 Provincial Election results announced PM Maliki’s State of Law won in 9 of 14 provinces
(Musings On Iraq article on 09 provincial election results)
2011 Sulaymaniya protesters went to KDP headquarters to protest shooting of demonstrators on Feb 17
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)
2017 Attack on West Mosul began by Iraqi forces

Monday, February 18, 2019

$30 Billion Pledged A Year Ago For Rebuilding-Economic Development In Iraq Stuck In Red Tape

Feb 2018 Kuwait Conference (AFP/Getty Images)

A year ago Kuwait hosted a three day conference to raise money for Iraq. Originally promoted as a way to obtain funds for the rebuilding of the country after the conclusion of the war with the Islamic State, it eventually morphed into a general investment meeting to help develop the economy as well. Before the meeting the Planning Ministry estimated that Iraq needed $45.7 billion to repair war damage, and $88 billion overall for reconstruction and promoting economic growth. Iraq received around $30 billion total falling far short of expectations. Since then little of that money has actually been spent due to a variety of issues.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 18


1940 PM Said resigned over growing problems with pan-Arabist Golden Square officers Said
wanted Gaylani to become PM and he would become Foreign Minister to maintain pro-British policies Golden Square objected to Gaylani govt because it would include Said and Gen Hashemi Went to Regent calling for their exclusion from new govt Regent disagreed with Golden Square officers over new govt and made Gen Umari Mosul garrison commander retire as a result
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
1984 UN negotiated deal for Iran and Iraq to stop attacking civilian areas Didn’t last
1986 Iraqi high command finally accepted Fao main goal of Iranian offensive after falling for Tehran’s
deception and believing it wasn’t
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1991 Tariq Aziz went to Moscow and accepted Soviets unconditional withdrawal plan from Kuwait Then
demanded end to all UN sanctions and resolutions
1999 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr assassinated by Saddam
(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)
1999 Fmr CIA counterterrorism officer Cannistraro said Iraqis met bin Laden in Dec 98 False story
2002 US Embassy in Niger said new details on Iraq-Niger uranium deal meant a new look into story was
needed
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq suicide bombers hit Shiite pilgrims in Kadhimiya
2007 Blair announced plants to cut British troop strength in Iraq from 7000 to 4000
2007 US forces began campaign to clear Ramadi block by block of insurgents
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
2007 1st living standards study since 03 Found 1/3 of Iraqis living below poverty level 40% lacked good
sanitation 50% lacked adequate water supplies Said free market reforms that cut subsides were lowering living standards for middle and working class families Said service projects should take precedent over reforms
2007 Report ISI targeting US helicopters Shot down 7 in 3 weeks Set up ambushes for US troops looking
to rescue crews
2009 Pres Talabani met with PUK officials like Kosrat Rasul and Barham Salah who wanted reforms
within party or were threatening to leave
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within PUK)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, February 17, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 17

1917 British crossed Shumran bend outflanking Ottoman forces in campaign to recapture Kut
1981 UN Rep Palme went to Iran and Iraq for 3rd time to try to negotiate ceasefire
1986 Iran started attack to gain more ground in Fao Peninsula
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1995 Temporary ceasefire made between PUK and KDP during civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1998 Clinton told Pentagon US had to stop Iraq from getting WMD and nuclear weapons and Baghdad had
to allow unfetted UN inspections
2003 U2 spy planes began flying over Iraq for UN weapons inspectors
2003 Turkish parliament delayed vote to allow deployment of US troops for Iraq invasion due to domestic
opposition
2003 IAEA found that Iraq-Niger uranium docs were fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2007 3 car bombs in Baghdad killed 74 and wounded over 100
2007 VP Hashemi called for Mahdi Army to be placed on terrorist list by US
2007 Report Mahdi Army staying off Baghdad streets as Surge started
2008 2 car bombs at Awakening meeting in Anbar killed more than 20
2011 Protests in Sulaymaniya began demanding reform in KRG Attacked KDP HQ Fired upon by guards
killing 2
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)
2012 Mahoum Sarkhi offices set on fire Blamed on followers of Ayatollah Sistani 

Saturday, February 16, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 16


1917 British defeated Ottoman forces at Dahra Bend
1922 Gertrude Bell complained to her father that King Feisal had surrounded himself with nationalists that
demanded Iraq’s complete independence from England
(Musings On Iraq book review of Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
1944 Parliamentary Party formed mostly of large land holding sheikhs Supported whatever govt Regent
backed
1979 Saddam said unifying Iraq and Syria was part of the Arab revolution
1979 Saddam said Iraq would respect choice of the Iranian people with their revolution
1984 Iran cut Basra-Baghdad highway between Maysan and Wasit
1986 Iraqi intelligence fell for Iranian deception and claimed attack upon Fao not main Iranian
attack Meant Iraq didn’t send reinforcements
1986 Iraq made another attempt to retake Fao Peninsula Only advanced 2 km Iraqis lost 7,000 casualties
and 1,500 prisoners taken Iranians lost 8,000 casualties in Op Wa al-Fajr 8 that took Fao Peninsula
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1989 Iraq formed Arab Cooperation Council with Egypt Jordan Yemen to counter Gulf Cooperation
Council
1991 US troops destroyed Iraqi radar facility while Apache helicopters conducted raid in depth behind Iraqi
lines in Iraq
1992 Defense Secretary Cheney said that if U.S. had overthrown Saddam would have to decide what kind of
govt to establish Would have been hard to capture Saddam Would have to decide how many casualties willing to take How many troops would have to stay in Iraq to keep govt going
2001 Bush told speechwriter David Frum that he was going to get rid of Saddam  
2001 UK Attorney Gen Lord Williams approved air attacks out of no fly zones in Iraq for self defense
2001 US and UK planes bombed 20 radar and command and control centers in Iraq outside of No Fly Zone
Claimed Iraq had upgraded its air defenses Then said bombed Iraq to stop it from upgrading its defenses
2002 Bush signed secret NSC directive calling for covert action against Iraq by CIA Had budget of $189 mil
for 2 years Plan included supporting Iraqi opposition Sabotage missions inside Iraq Working with other countries Information campaign vs Iraq attacking Iraqi revenue sources and disrupting its smuggling operations
2003 Rice claimed Iraq was deceiving UN weapons inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2004 Report Iraqi and US sources said Iraqi forces would not be able to provide security after sovereignty
transferred to Iraq
2004 CIA said it still believed Iraqi defector CURVEBALL was credible source for intel that Iraq had mobile
WMD labs Turned out to be false source
(Musings On Iraq article on how CURVEBALL influenced US intel on Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq articles on the CURVEBALL story)
2006 Sec State Rice told Senate oil production and electricity below postwar levels in Iraq Said initial
problems with rebuilding Iraqi security forces fixed and as Iraqi forces stood up US forces would do less
2006 Sec Def Rumsfeld told House US was not in Iraq to do nation building that was up to Iraqis to do
2008 Maliki said Al Qaeda in Iraq had mostly been driven from Baghdad
2010 ISI set off 4 suicide car bombs targeting hotels in Baghdad where foreign press stayed
2011 Maliki visited Kuwait after Kuwait premier visited Iraq in 1st high level meet between 2 countries
since 1990
2016 Allawi said no reason to remove cabinet until Abadi presented a strategic plan
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, February 15, 2019

Review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East


Review Phillips, David, The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East, London, New York: I.B. Tauris, 2019

The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East reads like it had been in the works by author David Phillips of Columbia’s Program on Peace Building and Rights, but then got rushed into publication because of current events. It starts off as a short history about the Kurdish drive for independence since World War I and how the west had repeatedly stymied their attempts. The second half of the book is about modern Iraqi politics, Syria and the Kurds and that’s where the story goes off the rails. Phillips has a poor understanding of present day Iraq, and by the end of the book he has chapters that only marginally deal with the Kurds and are more about the war in Syria, and the failures of the Obama and Trump administrations to deal with that conflict. The roots of Phillips’ problems is that he forgets about his original thesis about the Kurds being abandoned to focus upon how Obama and Trump lost the Middle East.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 15

1923 UK Head of Board of Trade Sir Graeme told Iraq commission Iraq too costly and British
should withdraw
1936 Def Ministry complained that UK War Office ignored arms purchases and deliveries and that was
undermining Iraqi army
1949 2 Communist politburo members hanged by PM Said to put down protests
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1964 Arif govt and Mustafa Barzani started talks to try to end KDP revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1984 Iraq, Egypt, Argentina and Swiss companies signed contract to develop long range missile
1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 5 began Largest operation to date in war Included 2/3 of Iran’s manpower 400,000
men in 15 division Attacked Wasit towards Kut Aim was to cut Baghdad-Basra road
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Voice of America commentary called for end of dictatorships after fall of Ceausescu in Romania
Named Iraq
1991 Pres Bush called on Iraqi military and people to overthrow Saddam twice
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the impact of the 1991 uprising)
1991 US Task Force 1-41 first Coalition troops to cross into Iraq to carry out recon and combat missions
1991 US 1st Cav Div launched probing attack into Iraq
1991 US Task Force 1-32 breached Iraqi defensive berm and entered Iraq in deception attack to convince
Iraq that invasion would come through Wadi Al-Batin
2001 US and UK planes bombed Iraq’s air defense system as part of no fly zone
2002 VP Cheney told Council on Foreign Relations action needed to be taken against Saddam for his
aggressive actions support of terror WMD threat
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
2003 Protests in more than 600 cities around world against going to war with Iraq
2003 Bush told Rumsfeld to slow troop deployments because getting ahead of diplomacy
2006 Study Iraqi insurgency dominated by few large groups Sunni identity became basis for groups
Had no program for future of Iraq Iraqi insurgents rejected politics Believed they could win
2007 Pres Talabani claimed Mahdi Army commanders had left Iraq for Iran because Sadr supported the
Surge and wanted Baghdad secured Sadr and militiamen had fled to avoid being arrested and killed by U.S.
2009 Iraq Election Comm said fraud took place in 14 of Iraq’s 18 provinces but only effected small fraction
of votes
(Musings On Iraq article on voter fraud in 2009 provincial election)
2010 Maliki reversed order to have all raids authorized by him Came after he protested US-Iraq raid on
Kataib Hezbollah

Thursday, February 14, 2019

PM Mahdi Launches Latest Anti-Corruption Initiative In Iraq

(Iraqi Parliament)

At the end of January 2019 Prime Minister Adil Abdul Mahdi announced his new anti-graft campaign. That focused around a new Supreme Anti-Corruption Council. Every Iraqi administration since 2005 has said that it would stand up to theft and stealing, but they have done little to actually combat it. Mahdi’s effort is likely to go the same way.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 14

1949 Communist Chairman Farhad hanged by PM Said to try to squash opposition protests
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1958 Iraq and Jordan announced Arab Federation in response to Egypt and Syria’s United Arab Republic
Kuwait asked to join but said no
1983 Sec of State Shultz met with Iraq’s For Min Hammadi who asked for expanded trade deals
1984 Iran Op Kheibar began with diversionary attack northeast of Khorramshahr Iran southern front
1986 Iraq counterattacked to try to re-captured Fao Peninsula started
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1991 During funeral for member of Hakim family anti-Saddam slogans chanted in Najaf
1991 Iraq said it would withdraw from Kuwait if Israel withdrew from Palestine sanctions ended and Iraq’s
foreign debt forgiven
2002 National Sec Adv Rice called Blair For Pol Adv Manning saying US was only reviewing its Iraq
policy
2003 Chief Inspector Blix briefed Security Council on Iraq inspections Said found no evidence of WMD
Said 400 inspections at 300 sites Were all without notice and gained entry every time Said Iraqis cooperating Said soil samples showed no signs of WMD Iraq still had unaccounted for materials Found 2 banned missiles Blix refuted Powell’s claim that Iraqis were cleaning WMD sites before inspections
2003 IAEA head El Baradei said it had dismembered Iraq’s nuke program in 1998 and found no evidence
that it had been restarted yet Said Iraq had provided documents for why aluminum tubes it tried to buy had such specific specifications
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 Powell told Security Council Iraq not cooperating with inspections and use of force still an option
2003 Saddam issued presidential directive banning companies from importing equipment for WMD
2003 Rumsfeld gave speech that U.S. was opposed to nation building in Iraq
2003 Wash Post editorial supported war with Iraq
2003 NSC met over how to respond to a coup in Iraq Didn’t think it was likely but had to plan for it
2004 Fallujah police station attacked by insurgents dressed in ISF uniforms killing more than 20 officers
and released prisoners
2004 US intel report Al Qaeda captive al-Libi recanted story Iraq trained Al Qaeda in poisons and
explosives Libi’s story was used in US intel reports and Powell’s UN speech
2006 US military ordered investigation into Marines executing Iraqi civilians in Haditha
2007 1st reports appeared that Sadr had left Iraq for Iran out of fear that Surge would target him
2007 Bush said that Iranian Rev Guards Quds Force was operating in Iraq aiding militias and needed to be         stopped
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2016 Hakim criticized PM Abadi’s call for ending quota system saying that PM got his job because
of quotas
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2018 Kuwait conference raised $30 bil in loans investment credits mostly for developing Iraq’s economy as
well as reconstruction
(Musings On Iraq article on Kuwait conference) 

Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Possible Breakthrough In 5 Month Deadlock Over Forming New Kurdistan Govt

Iraqi Pres Salah and PUK politburo member Rasul (Rudaw)

In September 2018 Kurds went to the polls to elect a new Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). Five months later it appears that the two main parties the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) might finally have a deal to create a new ruling coalition.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 13


1959 Communists said it stood for Arab unity but not in a quick and simple manner Was
taking shot at pan-Arabists and Nasser who called for immediate unity
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1967 Pres Arif speech declared Freedom Socialism and Unity belonged to no Party co-opting
Baathist slogans
1979 Iraq sent memo to new Iranian govt after revolution asking for friendly relations
1985 Saddam offered amnesty to Kurds that fought against govt Rejected by KDP and PUK
1986 Iran in full control of Fao Peninsula Basra Lost 600 dead 2000 wounded Iraq 5000 dead and
wounded 1500 captured
1986 Report around 2,000 Iranian troops suffered mustard gas burns in Fao Peninsula from Iraqi
attacks
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1991 Amiriya shelter in Baghdad bombed by U.S. during Gulf War 408 killed
1998 UN chief Annan said he had a personal initiative to end inspector crisis with Iraq Began consulting
with Security Council members to win approval
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
1998 Saudis refused to allow its territory to be used by US for air strikes vs Iraq as tensions raised over
inspectors
1999 AP reported that Saddam offered bin Laden shelter after being kicked out of Afghanistan False story
2002 Bush at press conference said he had a number of options for dealing with Iraq
2002 Bush admin officials told several media outlets they had decided to move against Iraq
2003 UN announced it had humanitarian plan for Iraq working with 6 regional countries and had $30.6 mil
and would ask for another $88.8 mil
2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks told Bush he had Iraqi mayors for each city to run things after invasion
He didn’t
2003 IAEA interviewed Iraq’s ex-amb to Vatican Zahawie second time over Iraq-Niger uranium deal Denied
story
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2004 After talks with Sistani UN endorsed Ayatollah’s call for early elections but said they couldn’t happen
as soon as Sistani wanted
2004 Report CIA review showed it relied upon too many unreliable exile sources for intel on Iraq’s WMD
Included INC defector Haideri May 02 labeled fabricator by DIA but story continued to be used
2005 Early election results showed that Shiite United Iraqi Alliance got 140 of 275 seats in parliament
missing majority it wanted
2005 Provisional election results released UIA 48% Kurds 26% Iraqiya List 14% 58% voter turnout
2006 Saddam returned to court on order of judge and chanted “Down with Bush!”
2007 Baghdad Security Plan under Surge began Would place US and Iraqi forces in neighborhoods set up
combat outposts and focus upon protecting population
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
2007 Report Austrian sniper rifles Iran ordered showed up in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2007 Al Qaeda head Zawahiri released audiotape saying Bush gambled on Iraq and lost
2008 Parliament passed Provincial Powers Act to devolve authority to governorates Never really
implemented
2011 Khairallah Babakir of Kurdish Alliance named Trade Minister in new Maliki govt
2016 Sadr said economic reforms needed and better govt Gave Abadi 45 day deadline and supported
his technocratic govt idea
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

U.S. Already Tracking Iran’s Activities In Iraq


President Trump caused his latest controversy in Iraq when he gave an interview with CBS News saying that the U.S. would stay in Iraq to watch Iran. The response in Iraq was immediate as both pro-Iran and pro-American Iraqi officials and groups condemned the president’s statements. Back in the U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) head General Joseph Votel pushed back against the president when he testified to Congress that the Pentagon’s mission remained defeating the Islamic State. Despite what the general said the United States is already monitoring Iran’s operations in Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 12

1960 Cleric Muhsin al-Hakim issued fatwa against joining the Communist Party
1963 Communists in Basra gave up to Baath led military forces after fighting against coup that overthrow
Gen Qasim
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1974 Iran-Iraq border dispute discussed at UN after firefight killed more than 50 UN got Iran and Iraq to
agree to talks to resolve border dispute
1979 Iraq recognized the new revolutionary government in Iran
1984 1st War of Cities began Iraq fired SCUD missiles at Dezful killing 40 wounding 200 Iran retaliated by
bombing Basra Fao Qurna Mandali Kahanqin in Basra and Diyala
1984 Iranian Op Tahrir al-Quds began Was deception campaign before main attack into Wasit Gained 9
miles in Halabja and 3 main passes into Kurdistan Backed by KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1985 Iraq attacked Mehran Iran in south Entered 4 miles into Iran but operation failed
1986 Iraq counter attacked to retake Fao from Iranians Retook Um al-Rassas island Failed at recapturing
Fao
1986 Saudi King Fahd called Saddam about Iran taking Fao Peninsula
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1987 Iran started Op Fatah 4 attacking Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Russian diplomat Primakov went to Baghdad to try to arrange withdrawal from Kuwait Saddam
demanded end of sanctions in return
1995 Iraqi army brigade attacked and suffered heavy losses at hands of Badr Brigade in Qurna
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2001 Rumsfeld said Iraq was probably not a nuclear threat at this time
2002 Powell told Senate that regime change in Iraq was US policy since Clinton Said no plans for invasion
though
2002 DIA report Iraq tried to buy 500 tons of yellowcake uranium from Niger
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 IAEA interviewed Iraq’s ex-amb to Vatican Zahawie who was named in Iraq-Niger uranium deal docs
Denied story
2003 UN inspectors announce Iraq’s Samoud 2 missiles violated range limits set by UN
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Iraq had larger WMD program then before Gulf War Said Iraq would get a
nuclear weapon sooner or later and would have missiles to deliver it
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate US had briefed UN on all suspected WMD sites Didn’t give info on 21 of
105 sites Said there were Iraq-Al Qaeda contacts but no command and control
2004 CENTCOM commander Gen Abizaid’s convoy attacked in Fallujah
2004 UN rep to Iraq Brahimi met with Ayatollah Sistani about why early elections not possible Brahimi
said Iraq had to go through process to organize vote
2006 Jaafari won re-nomination of United Iraqi Alliance for premiership with support of Sadr
2006 Pres Talabani said Kurdish list refused demands to exclude Allawi’s Iraqiya from govt coming from
Sadr
2007 Gen Petraeus went to Anbar and endorsed Awakening and said model should be copied in rest
of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 Iranian Revolutionary Guard media source suggested militia attack on Karbala operations
command revenge for arrest of Iranians in Irbil in Jan 07
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2010 Election Commission banned 458 candidates for Baath ties from vote after court had unbanned them
Commission under pressure from Maliki to ban candidates

Monday, February 11, 2019

Security In Iraq Feb 1-7, 2019

(Iraqi News)

Violence remained very low in Iraq during the start of February. Incidents have been hovering between 20-30 per week since the end of October and the first week of February was no different. Casualties were high due to a mass grave in west Ninewa and bodies still being recovered from west Mosul.

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 11


1932 Executive Committee of the Shias in Iraq issued Manifesto saying monarchy discriminated
against Shiites Called on England to remove monarchy and empower Shiites
1958 Jordan began talks with Iraq for a federation in response to Egypt and Syria’s United Arab Republic
1979 Ayatollah Baqir al-Sadr declared 3 day holiday for Najaf hawza after Iranian Revolution
1981 Iraq offered Iran a ceasefire at Non-Aligned Movement conference Iran rejected offer
1983 Iranian Op Fajr al-Nasr officially ended Regained 100 sq mi of Iranian territory Iran 5000 dead 12000
wounded 1000 captured Iraq lost 2000 dead
1986 Iraq counterattack vs Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 8 in Fao Peninsula pushed Iranians back
1986 Iraq authorized use of chemical weapons to repel Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 8
1986 Iraq blamed US for not providing intel on Iranian offensive
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1987 Ayatollah Khomeinei called war a holy crusade that had to end in victory Pres Khamenei said
that aim of war was to punish Iraq and overthrow Saddam
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Bush sent Undersecretary of State Kelly to Baghdad to discuss improving Iraq-US relations
1990 Saddam told Undersecretary of State Kelly that US could dominate Middle East with decline of Soviet
Union Saddam said that he wanted to work with US but wanted to be sure Bush was not just going to follow Israel
1991 Saddam speech said that Iraqis would be victorious in war and Bush humiliated himself by attacking
2000 Iraq announced UN weapons inspectors would not be allowed back into country
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2002 UK Amb to US Meyer said Bush’s Axis of Evil speech made more in US think about war vs Iraq
2002 Fmr CIA Dir Woolsey told Pentagon about Iraqi defector with intel on Iraq’s WMD provided by INC
2003 Powell claimed bin Laden complaining about effect of sanctions on Iraqi people showed Baghdad
aligned with Al Qaeda and terrorism
2003 UK Amb to US said that Bush admin was ready for war by March with or without UN approval
2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Iraq had WMD and was hiding them from UN inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article on UN weapons inspections)
2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Intel Comm Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for its nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Iraq harboring Zarqawi an Al Qaeda associate Iraq trained Al Qaeda
operatives
2003 CIA senior Africa analyst said that Iraq-Niger uranium docs looked like fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Bin Laden released tape saying Iraqi people had to resist U.S. invasion and called Baath infidels
2003 UnderSecState Grossman testified to Senate Foreign Relations Comm on postwar Iraq plans Didn’t
give any details Grossman told Senate US would only stay in Iraq as long as necessary Said 4 phases to postwar Iraq 1st stability 2nd handing authority to Iraqis 3rd New constitution 4th electing new Iraqi govt Told Senate US would not create a govt in exile before invasion Said committees would be formed to create new Iraq Iraqi institutions would still be running to help govern country Claimed White House authorized Future of Iraq Project as roadmap for Iraq Had been discarded by Pentagon
2003 UnderSecDef Feith told Senate Iraqi oil would pay for all reconstruction and running govt Said US
would not impose any leaders or govt on Iraq
2003 Former CENTCOM commander Gen Zinni testified to Senate Foreign Relations Committee on
postwar Iraq Said U.S. had to maintain law and order peacekeeping civil unrest had to be stopped and prevent revenge develop local police
2004 Suicide bombing on army recruitment center in Baghdad killed 36
2006 Former head of US training mission for Iraqi army Gen Eaton said effort set back by initial poor
planning that didn't prioritize creating new Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Sadr threatened to withdraw from United Iraqi Alliance if list didn’t support Jaafari as premier
2007 US military report said Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force providing EFPs money training weapons to
Iraqi militias Used Mehran and Mandali border crossings to deliver equipment Claimed 170 US dead and 620 wounded by Iranian supplied EFPs
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2009 Iran’s Foreign Minister came to Baghdad to mediate between Dawa and SIIC
2010 Iraqi Special Forces with US advisers raided Kataib Hezbollah in Maysan killing 8 Iraqi politicians
condemned raid After raid Maliki ordered all raids be authorized by him personally Led several ISF commands to suspend ops with US

View the Iraq History Timelines 

After Liberation Of Iraq’s Baiji District An Uncertain Peace

The Iraqi Human Rights Observatory said that thousands of people have not been able to return to their homes in the Baiji district of ea...