Friday, January 24, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 24


1969 Former MP Bajari during spy trial claimed opposition leaders were trying to
overthrow Pres Bakr’s govt
1970 42 more sentenced to death for coup plot against Pres Bakr
2003 Gen Franks presented final war plan to Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 PM Blair sent note to Bush suggesting delaying Iraq invasion for a month to allow more time for
postwar planning
2003 UK Foreign Office legal adv Sir Wood told Foreign Sec Straw that Britain could not go to
war with Iraq without a 2nd UN resolution
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 IAEA told Wash Post aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were wrong for nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Archaeologists and scholars briefed Pentagon about historical sites in Iraq that should be
spared from bombing
2003 DIA report repeated CIA reporting on Iraq-Niger uranium deal and Navy reported uranium
was in a warehouse in Benin Said Iraq could have gotten uranium
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 2nd NYTimes article on Iraqi defector Haideri provided by INC Said that he’d led to dozens of
DIA reports on Iraq’s WMD DIA labeled him a fabricator May 02 story continued to be used
2003 Defense Policy Board’s Richard Perle accused CIA of being biased against INC so it wouldn’t
interview people like Haideri
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco by David Phillips)
2004 Iraq Survey Group took INC provided defector Haideri to sites he claimed were WMD and
found nothing May 02 labeled fabricator by DIA but story continued to be used
2004 7,000 Kurds marched for a new federal Iraq
2006 Report Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction found disputes lack of staff and set rules caused
huge delays completing projects
2007 Amb Khalizad asked British to stop troop withdrawal plans UK Foreign Sec Beckett said
drawdown would continue
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2007 UK intel report Mahdi Army and Badr behind most attacks upon Sunnis Were powerful groups with
positions in govt and influence in security forces PM Maliki wanted Sadr to rein in Mahdi Army so US didn’t go after militia Maliki opposed any major US ops vs Mahdi Army in Baghdad Maliki wanted to maintain his Shiite base which meant keeping ties to Sadr Maliki govt seen as linked to militias which hindered reconciliation with Sunnis
2008 Report 200 Sahwa killed and 500 wounded Jun-Dec 2007 by ISI 100 were killed just in Jan in
Baghdad and Diyala Increased after Dec 29 message by bin Laden against Awakening/Sahwa
2008 Report 4 yrs after 2 battles of Fallujah city still largely destroyed Only 4 hrs of power Little running
water Sewage system didn’t work 70% unemployment Lack of fuel Tight security hindered trade and development US reconstruction projects small and local and couldn’t address large problems with services Fallujah blamed Baghdad neglect
2009 Basra Ops Cmd began crackdown in province before Jan provincial elections Continued until Apr
(Musings On Iraq article on Basra security op)
2011 2 bombs hit Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen
2011 Deputy Justice Min denied report prison at Camp Honor Baghdad was under Maliki’s control
Said run by Justice Min Said Red Cross and Human Rights Min had visited facility and found no torture or abuses Said families and lawyers could visit prisoners Red Cross said they were denied access
(Musings On Iraq article on Camp Honor prison)
2014 As fighting and insurgency took off in Anbar when PM Maliki shut down protest sites mass
displacement started UN said 140,000 displaced from Anbar up from 65,000 week before
(Musings On Iraq article on displacement due to fighting in Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2015 Kurdistan Security Council announced 23 IS leaders killed in fighting Peshmerga Included
Abu Muslim al-Turkmani member of IS Shura Council highest body in group Said to be one of Baghdadi’s top deputies
(Musings On Iraq article on death of IS leaders)
2017 East Mosul officially declared liberated by PM Abadi
(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)
(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq


Al-Qarawee, Harith, Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq, Lanchashire: Rossendale Books, 2012

Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq is an academic book by Harith Al-Qarawee who now goes by Harith Hasan, about how Iraq’s Arab population has struggled to form a national identity from the foundation of the country to the present. The book is organized like a thesis with an introduction where the main argument is laid out, followed by a review of the literature on the topic, and then two broad sections. The first covers the Ottomans to Saddam Hussein, and the second is about Iraq post-2003. The book was largely shaped in response to Western commentators that argued Iraq has been beset by sectarian divisions since its origins. Hasan believes that is mistaking current political struggles as historical ones. The thesis is that Iraq’s identities have been shaped by socio-political conflicts over power and resources, which have changed over time.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 23


1920 British cabinet decided Iraqi oil would be developed by a public company Foreign
Secretary Curzon overturned decision
1920 UK Foreign Secretary Lord Curzon decided Turkish Petroleum Company would keep its oil
rights signed with Ottomans
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
1948 More protests against Anglo-Iraq Treaty leading to fights between Communist and
Independence party
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1970 33 conspirators in coup against Pres Bakr executed
1987 Ali Khamenei said Iran would not negotiate with Iraq as long was Saddam in power
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Iraq dumped 400 mil gallons of oil into Persian Gulf to try to prevent US retaking Kuwait
1999 NSC counterterrorism dir Clarke said US was right to bomb factory in Sudan because
connected to Al Qaeda and Iraq WMD experts
2003 Iraq Defense Ministry ordered that if Baghdad were to fall all govt buildings were to be looted
and burned
2003 Mukhabarat document called for looting and destruction of property if Saddam were
overthrown
2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice wrote NY Times OpEd Iraq hiding its WMD programs from UN inspectors and
tried to buy uranium for its nuke program Reference to Iraq-Niger deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said that Iraq had WMD and ties to terrorism were one threat
2003 Under Sec of Def Wolfowitz said Iraq had tons of WMD and time running out for it Said Iraq
didn’t make truthful weapons declaration to UN Said Iraqi defectors told about Iraq having mobile WMD labs Said Iraqi govt threatening scientists not to talk to UN inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
2003 White House released document saying Iraq hiding its WMD and tried to buy uranium for its
nuke program Reference to Iraq-Niger deal
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 Iraq Survey Group head Kay resigned saying didn’t think Iraq had any WMD stocks or large
programs since 1980s Said Iraq destroyed its WMD after Gulf War due to inspections and unilateral actions Kay resigned because group was going to be diverted from finding WMD to fighting insurgency
2004 In response to Iraq Survey Group head Kay resigning and saying there were no WMD White
House said it believed Iraq had WMD and it would be found
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2006 Report Iraqis going to Jordan jumped from 200-250/day from 2004-05 to 1,100/day in Jan 06
as people were fleeing violence
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Sheikh Kharbite’s house in Ramadi of Albu Khalifa tribe and
member of Anbar security council
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 Bush State of Union outlined the Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
2008 ISF Ninewa campaign began to secure Mosul
2008 20,000 pound bomb went off in Mosul Killed 15 wounded 132
2010 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq kidnapped US contractor Issa Salomi which it swapped for 4 of its
members held in prison
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
2010 Report Diyala Sahwa told to abandon posts by commanders due to Maliki govt crackdown
Sahwa sheikh claimed 425 Sahwa and 25 senior leaders had been arrested by govt on charges they belonged to ISI
(Musings On Iraq More Sons of Iraq Integrated While Others Walk Off The Job In Diyala)
2011 Report found prison at Camp Honor Baghdad Prisoners held incommunicado No lawyers
Torture Facility was under direct command of PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on Camp Honor prison)
2015 Hashd destroyed four mosques in Muqtadiya Diyala after operation there

View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Iraq’s Oil Exports Finish On A High Note In Dec Due To Iran War Fears

(AFP/Getty Images)

Iraq saw diminishing returns from its oil exports in the second half of 2019 as oil prices dropped due to a glut in the market. Due to war fears over Iran however, profits were back up in December. At the end of the year however, Iraq finished with higher export figures, but lower revenues.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 22


1921 Gertrude Bell wrote that British officers in Mosul province thought they could
convince Kurds to vote for Feisal as king in referendum They didn’t
(Musings On Iraq book review of Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
1970 3 coup plotters executed by Pres Bakr govt
1970 Iraq expelled Iranian ambassador accusing Tehran of backing 1970 failed coup
1991 Iraqi SCUD missile and 2 U.S. Patriot missiles landed on Israeli city of Ramat Gan
1991 Iraqi forces set fire to 700 Kuwaiti oil wells
2002 Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz memo to Undersec Def Feith that Pentagon was not finding intel on Iraq-Al
Qaeda links and said Sec Def Rumsfeld should get some analysis on issue
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 2nd meeting of US UK Australia on postwar Iraq Little came of meeting
2003 CIA sent its report on Iraq WMD to White House to help make case for war
2003 CIA analyst told IAEA aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for centrifuges IAEA said they
were for rockets IAEA proved right
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2004 VP Cheney said Iraq had mobile labs and WMD programs Inspections found no mobile labs
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 VP Cheney said overwhelming evidence Saddam linked to Al Qaeda Said Iraq behind 1993 World
Trade Center bombing Based upon Laurie Mylroie conspiracy theories
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
2005 Report $300 mil for arms deal for Iraqi army went missing after put on plane for Lebanon
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2005 INC’s Chalabi accused Defense Min Shaalan of stealing the $300 mil Shaalan threatened to
arrest Chalabi for the charge
2006 Report 34,131 attacks in 2005 up from 26,496 in 2004 Car bombs went from 420 in 2004 to
873 in 2005 IEDs went from 5,607 in 2004 to 10,953 in 2005
2007 PM Maliki announced he would no longer protect the Mahdi Army from US raids Didn’t happen
(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)
2007 Mayor of Sadr City Daraji had 2nd of 2 meetings with UK Gen Lamb on working out
understanding with militias to prevent confrontations in district Militias were afraid of major US operation in Sadr City as part of Surge Sadrists backed Daraji’s effort
2008 Mahdi Army tried to kidnap PM Maliki’s national security adviser Mowafaq Rubaie in Baghdad
2008 Oil Min blacklisted companies that signed oil deals with Kurdistan
2011 Kirkuk made deal with Electricity Min that province would get larger power quota Would
still not meet demand Governor had cut off power line to Baghdad and kept electricity for province
(Musings On Iraq article on Kirkuk-Electricity Min deal)
(Musings On Iraq article on power problems in Kirkuk)
2012 Iraq voted in Arab League for a transition of power in Syria away from Assad
2015 Coalition air strike killed Abu Ans Samarraie IS’s governor for Anbar He was responsible for
            executing hundreds of members of the Albu Nimr tribe
(Musings On Iraq article on death of IS leaders)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Renewed Civil Disobedience As Govt Misses Protest Deadline For Reforms

(AP)

The Iraqi government’s failure to meet a deadline set by the protest movement to carry out reforms such as holding new elections has led to renew demonstrations and violence across central and southern Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 21


1916 Ottomans retreated up Tigris after defeat at Battle of Wadi only to lose again to
British at Battle of Hanna
1948 Communist led demonstrators against Anglo-Iraq Treaty fired upon again Led Regent to repudiate
treaty
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1970 Pres Bakr announced failed coup by ex-army officers and special tribunal to try plotters
Accused Iran of backing coup
1970 Imam Khomeini started lectures in Najaf outlining his concept of vilayat al-faqih
1987 Saddam sent letter to Iran Said he didn’t claim any Iranian territory and wanted peace deal
Asked Iranians to challenge Khomeini’s right to rule
1987 Iran captured Duaija east of Basra city Iraq launched 2 counterattacks but repulsed 1500 Iraqi
casualties
1987 Iraq suffered 10,000 casualties in Basra during Iran Op Karbala 5 leading Saddam to call for
volunteers
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1993 Iraq declared ceasefire with Coalition over not allowing UN weapons inspectors into country
Demanded US review no fly zones
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1999 SCIRI rejected any US aid
2002 Weekly Standard OpEd by Robert Kagan and William Kristol called for Iraq to be attacked as
next step in war on terror
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
2003 Bush said that Saddam was not interested in disarming and that time was running out on Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
2003 PM Blair said 2nd UN resolution not necessary for use of force against Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 DeptSecState Armitage spoke at US Inst of Peace saying US tried to avoid war but Iraq not
accounted for its WMD
2004 VP Cheney said there was overwhelming evidence Iraq and Al Qaeda connected
2005 Knight Ridder analysis Violence in Iraq increased after every US benchmark such as capture
of Saddam handing over sovereignty etc
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2007 2 officials claimed that US had convinced PM Maliki to stop protecting Sadr and Mahdi
Army Wasn’t true
2008 Fighting continued in Basra Nasiriya Diwniya for 3rd day between ISF and Soldiers of Heaven 200
casualties in Basra alone
2009 1st NSC meeting in Obama admin President said he wanted to withdraw from Iraq but
preserve successes Wanted 3 options for Iraq policy
2010 Report Iraq reconciliation committee holding talks with insurgents and Baathists in Jordan
UAE Syria Before PM Maliki had criticized US for similar talks
(Musings On Iraq article on US-Iraq talks with Baathists and insurgents)
2011 3 bombs hit Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen
2014 NGO warned that 5,000 had been forced from their homes in Baghdad Diyala Ninewa Basra
Reports gunmen threatened and forced Shammar tribe to flee Baquba Diyala ISIS forced 300 families out of province Shabaks in Ninewa targeted in Mosul Sunnis threatened and attacked in Basra in retaliation for terrorist attacks in rest of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on forced displacement in Iraq)
2018 Federal Court ruled election date could not be changed Would happen 5/12/18
(Musings On Iraq article on Federal Court decision that 2018 elections would happen on time)
(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, January 20, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 20


1943 Fmr PM Gaylani in exile in Germany made radio broadcast claiming Iraq still in state
of war with England
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
1948 March by railway workers and students against Anglo-Iraq treaty fired upon by police killing
some Organized by Communists
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1970 failed military coup against Pres Bakr led by ex-Gen Rawi and Col Samarraie backed by Iran
1970 Iran expelled Iraq’s ambassador military attache and four embassy staff over failed coup
1970 Shah of Iran opposed to Baathism’s Pan-Arabism and socialism Moved troops to border after
coup leading to war scare
1988 Iraqi air raid on Lavan oil refinery led to fuel shortages in Iran Trapped majority of Iranian
Revolutionary Guard units in north and couldn’t move for rest of war
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1991 Saddam said Iraq’s army hadn’t started fighting but when it did Coalition would suffer heavy
casualties and leave
2003 Bush and VP Cheney met with Joint Chiefs Bush asked if anyone had any concerns about the
invasion No objections made
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Military Industrialization Commission ordered its director generals to come forward with any
info on WMD
2003 White House gave report to Congress on Iraq’s noncompliance with UN inspectors Included
Iraq not mentioning trying to buy uranium from Africa
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 National Sec Presidential Dir 24 gave Pentagon control of postwar Iraq
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco by David Phillips)
2003 Pentagon would dismiss previous NSC planning for postwar Iraq and kick out State Dept
officials
2003 Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA) created to run post-war Iraq
2 months before invasion
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq Only 3 of 13 Reconstruction Contracts Were Signed Before War)
(Musings On Iraq article on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)
2003 UK announced it deployed ground forces for Iraq War
2003 France’s For Min deVillepin said there was no justification for war against Iraq
2003 Sec State Powell furious at French statement because took threat of war off table at UN and
strengthened Saddam
2004 Bush’s State of the Union said US was committed to spreading democracy to Iraq Said Iraq
Survey Group found Iraq’s WMD programs and if US hadn’t invaded Iraq would still have them
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
2004 CENTCOM emailed dir Joint Chiefs Adm Keating Def Sec Rumsfeld’s military aide Gen Craddock
US Iraq Cmdr Gen Sanchez that abuse happened at Abu Ghraib and were photos of it
2006 Dec 05 election results announced United Iraqi Alliance 128 seats Kurds 53 Accordinace Front 44
Iraqiya 25 National Dialogue Front 11
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq said Abdullah Rashid al-Baghdadi had become emir of new Mujahedeen
Shura Council
2006 Amb Khalizad met with Iyad Allawi and Fadhila head Jabiri Jabiri promised PM spot if he
broke with United Iraqi Alliance and backed Allawi Sunnis and Kurds
2006 Iyad Allawi told his followers he would get Fadhila head Jabiri to back him as PM after he
broke with United Iraqi Alliance
2007 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in an Iranian Revolutionary Guard planned op attacked Karbala Center and
kidnapped and killed 5 US soldiers Was retaliation for US arrests of Iranian operatives in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article background to Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala Center)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
2008 US general said number of EFP attacks down but Iran showed no sign of ending supplies and
training to militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
2009 Iraq Election Comm announced autonomy plan in Basra failed to gain enough signatures to
hold referendum on issue
(Musings On Iraq article on failed Basra autonomy plan)
2015 IS suicide car bomb and assault on Nikhaib Suicide truck bomb in Albu Ghanim Suicide car
bomb and assault upon Abu Risha 7 suicide car bombs in Ramadi
(Musings On Iraq article on violence in Anbar)
2015 60 members of the ISF were executed in Mosul by IS

View the Iraq History Timelines

Sunday, January 19, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 19


1948 Kurds from Iraq and Iran met in Baku Soviet Union Mustafa Barzani led plans for
Kurdish movement
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1987 Iran started phase II of Op Karbala 5 Reached Jasim River 6 miles from Basra City Caused
2000 Iraqi casualties Population of Basra started leaving
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1991 Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim said that Supreme Council was against US aggression vs Iraq
over its Kuwait invasion
1991 US 5th Special Forces Group entered Iraq to carry out covert ops behind Iraqi lines during
Gulf War
1991 Iraqi terrorist tried to bomb US Information Service HQ in Philippines in retaliation for Gulf
War
1992 Report Saudis pushed US to help foment military coup in Iraq to topple Saddam
2003 US offered Saddam immunity if he departed Iraq to avert war
2003 Pentagon officials opposed to Sec Def Rumsfeld’s invasion plan complained to Time that Rumsfeld
was taking over deployment orders for invasion
(Musings On Iraq article on how pro/anti-Rumsfeld factions leaked stories to press over 2003 Iraq invasion plans)
(Musings On Iraq book review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)
2003 Fmr UN inspector David Kay OpEd in Wash Post said UN weapons inspectors would never
find any hard evidence against Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2004 Iraqi Governing Council went to UN to ask it for help with transition to sovereignty against
wishes of CPA
2004 100,000 marched in Baghdad supporting Ayatollah Sistani’s call for early elections
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq book review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2004 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez ordered secret investigation into Abu Ghraib prison abuse
2007 Iraqi cabinet committee finished draft of Hydrocarbon Law Was never passed
2007 US arrested Abdul al-Daraji and Ali Smaisin for running death squads for Sadr
2007 Sadr ordered his MPs and ministers back to work Started boycott after PM Maliki met with
Bush and refused to demand US forces leave
2007 Report Gen Abadi Deputy Chief of Staff of ISF said corruption was eating away at the armed
forces US got rid of Iraqi army commander in Fallujah who was connected to militias who was stealing fuel and weapons and selling them on black market in Baghdad and taking pay from soldiers Iraqi govt report said that police were kidnapping people for money forging documents and gave info to insurgents
2008 National Security Adviser Rubaie was trapped inside mosque by angry Sadrists crowd ISF had to
            rescue him
2010 Report Maliki govt claimed 15,000 Sahwa gotten jobs in ISF 33,000 positions in govt Said by
middle of 2010 all Sahw would be integrated Never happened
(Musings On Iraq More Sons of Iraq Integrated While Others Walk Off The Job In Diyala)
2014 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi told his fighters to march towards Baghdad 

Saturday, January 18, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 18


1915 Ottomans and local tribes fought British in Rota Basra province and stopped their
advance
1981 Saddam accused Iran of getting US spare parts despite US embargo
1981 UN Envoy Palme warned that superpowers might get involved in Iran-Iraq War
1987 Iran ended 1st phase Op Karbla 5 seized western bank of Shatt al-Arab Iraq suffered 17,500
casualties Iran 20-30,000
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1991 Iraqi terrorist tried to blow up US ambassador’s house in Indonesia in retaliation for Gulf
War
1993 US UK and France carried out air and missile strikes on Iraq for not cooperating with UN
inspectors 21 killed
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1996 Iraq agreed to talk about UN Resolution 986 that would create Oil For Food program
2003 UN inspectors said sites named by US as WMD facilities had been looked at and nothing
found
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Report Saudis attempted to get Saddam to go into exile to avert war
2004 Truck bomb hit US headquarters at Republican Palace Baghdad Killed 20 wounded more
than 100
2005 Bishop of Syrian Catholic Church in Mosul kidnapped
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq killed Sheikh Mohammed Sadiq al-Battah in Baghdad Head of Albu Chlaib
tribe in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 Baathist leader Izzat al-Douri offered to reduce insurgent attacks upon US forces if US went
after militias
2008 Fighting broke out between Soldiers of Heaven and Iraqi forces in Nasiriya and Basra Over 300
killed and wounded Group claimed persecution by PM Maliki Govt claimed they were Baathists in attempt to cover up fighting
2008 Gen Dubik in charge of training said ISF lacking in personnel equipment weapons logistics and
would need U.S. help for up to a decade
2008 Iraqi Accordance Front said that Accountability and Justice law met their demands and willing to
            end boycott of cabinet
2010 KRG said it was willing to talk with Baghdad about energy Said it would publish deals it signed with
foreign companies in 2009 something Baghdad had demanded KRG wanted to restart its independent oil exports Kurds demanded that Baghdad pay the oil companies in KRG In return KRG would share profits from exports
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad-Irbil oil talks)
2011 Suicide bomber hit a police recruitment center in Tikrit killing 54 wounded 137
2011 Iraq Supreme Court ruled that all independent commissions and Central Bank of Iraq were under PM
Maliki instead of parliament Directly contradicted constitution that said all commissions were under the parliament
(Musings On Iraq article on court ruling on commissions)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2011 PM Maliki and KRG PM Salah said they reached agreements on renewed Kurdish oil exports
and 2011 budget Oil Min would pay oil companies in KRG for their costs Issue of oil profits not resolved
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad-Irbil oil-budget deal) 

Friday, January 17, 2020

US and Iraq Disagree Over Restarting Anti-IS Operations

US and Iraqi soldiers (US Army National Guard)


The New York Times reported that the U.S. military restarted working with the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) against the Islamic State on January 15. This collaboration had been suspended for ten days after Washington killed Iranian Revolutionary Guards Quds Force commander General Qasim Suleimani and deputy head of Hashd Commission Abu Muhandis. The Times said it didn’t know whether the Iraqi government had approved such operations. Retired Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi’s military spokesman General Abdul Karim Khalaf was quick to point out that Baghdad had not okayed the ISF working with the U.S. led Coalition again. Premier Abdul Mahdi is attempting to stay in office based upon his demand that the American forces leave Iraq. The Iraqi political class is as divided as ever and usually take months to agree upon a new PM. Some factions have therefore decided that it is easier to skip this entire process and simply put Abdul Mahdi back in office. He therefore has to maintain his opposition to the Americans, which is why his spokesman said there is no authorization for the Coalition to resume its work in Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17


1974 Bakr govt held talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1987 Iraq conducted missile and air strikes on Tehran and other major cities 3rd War of the Cities
Iran-Iraq War
1987 Iran attacked Diyala but repulsed Lost 2 brigades
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1988 Mahdi Hakim killed in Sudan by Iraqi intelligence
1989 US report said Iraq was working on typhoid cholera anthrax for its chemical weapons program
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
1990 Iraq ended foreign travel ban for citizens
1990 Bush admin signed directive for normalized relations with Iraq
1991 Saddam told advisers time to fire missiles at Israel to see whether it would fight Iraq would
then alternate between hitting Israel and Saudis Iraq fired missiles at Haifa and Tel Aviv
1993 US fired 45 Tomahawk missiles at Baghdad for not allowing UN inspectors into country
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1998 Anniversary of Gulf War Saddam said Iraq met all obligations of UN Res 687 Threatened to raise 1 mil
for jihad against UN if sanctions not lifted in 6 months
2002 Gen Franks briefed his commanders at CENTCOM on initial Iraq war plans for 1st time
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Pentagon memo said no decision on postwar govt in Iraq Said would be a military administration
transitional authority elections leading to an Iraqi govt Didn’t match Pentagon plans to quickly withdraw US troops
2003 CIA report said Iraq had rebuilt its nuclear program Said were reports Iraq tried to buy
uranium from Africa
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 CIA told Joint Chiefs of Staff that it had some reports that Iraq tried to buy uranium from
Africa
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 PM Blair agreed to 1 UK division and 3 combat brigades for Iraq War to be deployed in south
2003 UN inspectors after 4 inspections said Fallujah II chlorine plant inoperative US claimed it
was producing WMD
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2007 PM Maliki claimed if ISF were better armed US forces could start withdrawing in 3-6 months
Claimed he launched operation to clear Karbala of militiamen and arrested 400 Mahdi Army members Was not true
2007 Mayor of Sadr City Daraji had 1st of 2 meetings with UK Gen Lamb on working out understanding
with militias to prevent confrontations in district Militias were afraid of major US operation in Sadr City as part of Surge Sadrists backed Daraji’s effort
2007 UK Intel report Sectarian violence increased in last 6 months Attacks on Coalition reaching new
high PM Maliki govt had no security strategy was uncoordinated problem with rivalries endemic corrupation lacked capable bureaucracy
2008 UN envoy to Iraq said country only had 6 months to turn security improvement into reconciliation
Said too much distrust within govt
2008 US military reported 75% of Baghdad secured up from 8% in Feb 07
2010 Chemical Ali sentenced to death for Halabja attack
2011 Protesters cut Kirkuk-Baghdad highway Set tires on fire Blocked all traffic over lack of electricity in
Kirkuk Kirkuk governor was diverting power from a local power plant from Baghdad to Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq article on power problems in Kirkuk) 

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco


Phillips, David, Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco, Westview Press, 2005

Losing Iraq, Inside the Post War Reconstruction Fiasco by former State Department official David Phillips argues that the United States failed in Iraq. Phillips was involved with the Future of Iraq Project, which brought together Iraqi opposition figures to plan for a post-Saddam Iraq. He adds important information about what the State Department was doing before the 2003 invasion, which has largely been overlooked for the activities of the Pentagon, the CIA, and the White House. Phillips believes that Washington didn’t plan for postwar Iraq, and made things worse during the occupation.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 16


1943 Iraq declared war on Axis
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
1948 Communists led protests against new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Fired upon by police 4 killed Led to
large sectors of country to turn against treaty
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1981 UN Envoy Palme visited Iran and Iraq to try to negotiate ceasefire in war
1987 Iran seized Bovarian Island Basra and caused 3000 Iraqi casualties
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
1991 Operation Desert Storm-Gulf War started to expel Iraq from Kuwait Coalition began air
campaign against Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
1995 UN asked Iran to relocate 4,000 Shiite refugees away from border which Iraq had claimed was
being used for base for attacks
1997 During peace talks PUK and KDP agreed to stop displacing rivals from towns and allow
displaced to return home
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2003 UN inspectors found 12 missile warheads that could carry WMD not included in Iraq’s 2002
weapons declaration
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 PM Blair told cabinet 2nd UN resolution was not necessary for military action against Iraq even
though he was told it was
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Future ORHA head Garner met with Sec Def Rumsfeld and UnderSecDef Feith Rumsfeld said no
coordination on postwar planning and Garner had to work that out Garner said in WWII US spent years planning for postwar and he was only given a few weeks for Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq article on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Only 3 of 13 Reconstruction Contracts Were Signed Before War)
2003 CIA received docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal Sent to State Dept to be translated
Turned out to be fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 UnderSecDef Feith memo to Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq-Syria pipeline should be kept open after
invasion to see whether Syria would cooperate with US
2004 US military spokesman Gen Kimmit talked about allegations and investigations into Abu
Ghraib prison abuse
2004 30,000 Protested in Basra against U.S. installing an unelected provincial govt
2004 Report Shiite religious leaders on Iraqi Governing Council wanted to end Saddam family laws
that protected women’s rights and replace them with Sharia based ones Women protested move
(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Women Before And After The 2003 Invasion Interview With Prof Nadje Al-Ali Univ of London)
2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi assassinated by Al Qaeda in Iraq for talking with US
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 Bush said that his Iraq policy was heading for slow failure and that’s why he chose new
policy with Surge
2012 Baghdad complained to Turkey’s ambassador about Ankara accusing PM Maliki of spreading
sectarianism Turkey did same to Iraq’s ambassador to Ankara

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Pro-Iran Hashd Continue Attacks Upon US Interests In Iraq


Pro-Iran Attacks Against US Interests In Iraq – January 2020
Date
Type of Attack
Location
Jan 4
Rockets
Jadriya, Baghdad

Rockets
Green Zone, Baghdad

Mortars
Balad Air Base, Salahaddin
Jan 5
Rockets
Green Zone, Baghdad
Jan 8
Rockets
Green Zone, Baghdad
Jan 12
Rockets
Balad Air Base, Salahaddin
Jan 14
Rockets
Camp Taji, Baghdad

On January 2 the United States killed Iranian Revolutionary Guards Quds Force commander General Qasim Suleimani and the deputy head of the Hashd Commission Abu Muhandis in Baghdad. The Iranians responded by firing ballistic missiles at the Ain Assad base in Anbar that houses U.S. forces and Irbil airport on January 7. Tehran’s Iraqi allies said they would have their day as well, which has been playing out with a constant barrage of mortars and rockets on American interests in Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 24

1969 Former MP Bajari during spy trial claimed opposition leaders were trying to overthrow Pres Bakr’s govt 1970 42...