Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Development And Setbacks Of The Current Iraqi Military, Interview with CSU San Marco’s Prof Marashi

(AFP/Getty Images)

The Iraqi military has gone through several stages since the 2003 U.S. invasion. There was its disbandment by the Coalition Provisional Authority, the hasty attempt at rebuilding by the Americans, its collapse in the face of the Islamic State in 2014, and others. To help give some insights into the recent history of the force is California State University San Marcos’ Middle East Professor Ibrahim al-Marashi who has written about the Iraqi forces over the years including Iraq’s Armed Forces: An Analytical History. He can be followed on Twitter @ialmarashi.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 15


1906 Protests in Mosul ended against Ottoman census that included counting women
1927 1st successful oil well started at Baba Gargur field in Kirkuk
1960 Islamic Party complained to Gen Qasim that his govt neglected religion while accepted Communists
Asked Qasim to ban Communists and their media while releasing any cleric arrested since 1958 coup
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1973 Syrian-Jordanian-Iraqi offensive in southern Syria failed to achieve results
1980 Iraq Foreign Minister Hamadi presented Iraq’s case to UN claiming it acted in self-defense in Iran-Iraq
War
1980 Iran launched large counter attack against Iraqi forces around Andimeshk
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1984 Iraq and Turkey made deal to fight PKK Allowed each country to enter 3 miles into others
territory to combat group
1994 Iraq withdrew troops from Kuwait border after Russian diplomacy and UN Res 949 that
demanded withdrawal UN Res 949 demanded Iraq’s full cooperation with UN inspectors
1995 Saddam won referendum for 7 more years as president with 99.9% of vote Was meant to
show public was behind Saddam after Hussein Kamal defected to Jordan
1997 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr gave sermon saying No! Yes is just for God mocking
Yes to Saddam slogan
(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)
1997 Turkey’s Op Dawn ended against PKK in Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2000 Iran announced it was returning to 1975 Algiers Treaty Meant rapprochment with Iraq but
also Iraq gained nothing from Iran-Iraq War
2001 CIA report from Rome said that Italian intel said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger but
didn’t see much merit in it
2001 CIA DIA Energy Dept thought Iraq-Niger uranium deal was possible State Dept thought
story suspect
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2001 White House spokesman said no connection between Iraq and anthrax letters sent to Wash DC
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld wrote list of 29 things that could go wrong with Iraq War Including finding no
WMD ethnosectarian conflict List was to point out possible problems so war could be successful Had no follow up on how to deal with any problems listed
(Musings On Iraq article on Part I Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 Italy’s SISMI intel agency told CIA of Iraq-Niger uranium deal documents
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2002 Under Sec of Def Feith briefed NSC on plan for governing postwar Iraq with 3-star general in
charge of military and civilian administrator
2003 Sec of State Powell said that his claims about Iraq’s WMD program had been proven
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said CPA’s schedule for Iraq wouldn’t work and new one had to be created
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2003 Sadr followers failed to take over Karbala shrine
2003 UK intel report Worried that Iraq would become new base for jihadists Significant number of Islamists
had already travelled to Iraq Could become base for recruiting training and attacks and could get worse
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2004 US put Zarqawi on its terrorist list
2004 VP Cheney said Iraq could have given WMD to terrorists
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 Referendum on new Iraqi constitution held
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2006 Reconciliation conference indefinitely postponed due to weekend violence Setback for PM
            Maliki’s reconciliation plans
2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council again announced ISI and Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala
Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil Said its goal was to govern
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
2006 Report auditors found ¼ of US funded water projects had broken down since being turned
over to Iraqis
2006 2 days Shiite gunmen killed 47 Sunnis in Balad in retaliation for 26 dead Shiites being found
in Dhuluiya
2006 6 car bombs in Kirkuk killed 10 and wounded dozens 52 killed in attacks in Baghdad
2006 500 Sunni sheikhs held meeting condemning federalism plan by SIIC objected to breaking
            up Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2006 Islamic Party accused Interior Min of Oct 9 murder of VP Hashemi’s brother
2007 State Dept official told reporters corruption in Iraq was systemic and hindering govt Claimed PM
            Maliki was dealing with it
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2015 Immediately after Baiji refinery liberated Hashd began looting facility and selling off equipment to
Iraqi and Iranian businesses
2017 Hashd burned PUK office in Tuz Kharmato after fighting stopped there over independence
referendum
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, October 14, 2019

Crackdown Continues Against Protesters While Iraq Govt Announces Investigations


Baghdad has announced creation of 2 committees to investigate violence during protests (Al Mada)


The last protests in Iraq took place on October 9. Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi claimed he made a deal to hold off on further activism until after the Arbaeen pilgrimage. Now demonstrators said they would return October 25. There have been posts on social media on preparations such as making metal shields for protection against the security forces. It’s yet to be seen whether the government will respond again with violence, which cost over 100 lives, and saw attacks upon the media.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 14


1927 Turkish Petroleum Company struck oil at Baba Gurgur field, Kirkuk starting Iraq’s oil
industry
1973 3rd day fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria
1980 Iraqi forces entered Khorramshahr Iranians began phased withdrawal from city in south Took
Abadan-Ahwaz road Began attack on Abadan but didn’t have numbers to take it
1980 Iranian counterattack stopped Iraqi advance in Dezful area
1982 Iraqi air force ended two month bombing campaign against Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port with
little to show for it
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1990 Iran and Iraq officially restored diplomatic relations as Saddam tried to secure his eastern flank
as war neared with US
1997 Britain, Turkey, US asked for KDP to withdraw from PUK territory
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2001 Frontline TV show interviewed INC provided Iraqi defector Khodada who claimed Iraq trained
terrorists to hijack planes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection
2003 White House told Congress 70,000 new Iraqi forces on duty and 13,000 in training
2003 Sadrists tried to seize Karbala shrine leading to fighting with Sistani followers
2003 Zarqawi suicide car bombing of Turkish Embassy in Baghdad 2 dead 13 wounded
2004 Insurgents suicide bombers penetrated Green Zone killed 5 wounded 18
2004 US forces began encircling Fallujah and sending reinforcements to Ramadi
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2006 After 26 bodies of men from Balad found in Dhuluiya Mahdi Army began arriving in Balad from
Baghdad Shiite gunmen set up checkpoints in Balad and started killing Sunnis Shiite mosques began broadcasting messages that Sunnis needed to leave
2008 1795 Christians fled Mosul after 14 killed PM Maliki sent 2 National Police Brigades to try to stop
killings
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)
2008 140 Iraqi refugee families returned from Syria as part of PM Maliki’s campaign to encourage
refugees to come back to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s refugee return policy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
2009 Iraq’s Human Rights Ministry reported 85,694 dead 147,195 wounded civilians and ISF from 2004 to
Oct 2008
(Musings On Iraq Iraq Ministry Counts 85,000 Dead From 2004-Oct 2008)
2012 MP announced arrest warrant issued for head of Central Bank of Iraq Shabibi after he refused
to cooperate with PM Maliki over the dinar
2014 IS captured Hit Anbar after Iraq army unit abandoned base
2015 Baiji refinery in Salahaddin finally freed from IS
2017 IRGC Gen Suelimani met with Talabani family Went over govt take over of Kirkuk Warned PUK to
distance itself from KDP or suffer the consequences after independence referendum
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, October 13, 2019

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was mentioned in "In Iraq and Syria, a new phase of the war against Islamic State begins" by Nabih Bulos and Melissa Etehad for the Los Angeles Times. Musings On Iraq was also cited in "Irak Zwei Jahre nach dem Sieg uber den "Islamischen Staat,"" by von Joachim Guilliard in Ausdruck.

Link to all of Musings On Iraq citations

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 13


1973 Continued fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria
1996 PUK counterattacked Recaptured Sulaymaniya from KDP with Iranian support Baghdad made deal
with Iran to allow PUK back into Kurdistan to counter KDP
1997 Heavy fighting restarted between KDP and PUK during civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2000 Iran’s Foreign Minister Kharrazi visited Iraq for 3 days Highest ranking Iranian official to visit
Iraq since 1979 Revolution After Karrazi’s trip Iran announced Iran and Iraq would re-open discussion on border and POW issue largely ended
2004 PM Blair told parliament that Iraq Study Group proved Saddam wanted WMD and violated UN
resolutions
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2004 Mass grave with hundreds of Kurds killed by Saddam in 1987-88 discovered in Hatra Ninewa
2004 PM Allawi said that if Fallujah didn't turn over Zarqawi would be major operation to take city
City council refused to do so
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council became ISI Announced Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala
Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2006 New ISI announced Abu Omar al-Baghdadi emir of Islamic State
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on who was Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
2006 Report splits within ISI between Zarqawi’s lieutenants and followers of military chief Masri
2006 Interior Min Bolani said he had PM Maliki’s backing to purge ministry of sectarian actors Same time
denied its forces were involved in sectarian killings Blamed Facilities Protection Service and imposters using police uniforms
2006 Report Talk of PM Maliki stepping down and 5 man council ruling Iraq and declaring martial
law
2006 Report Sadr complained about Shiite death squads using the name of Mahdi Army and backed
by Iranian Rev Guard and Hezbollah
2006 Insurgents kidnapped 26 Shiite workers from Balad Bodies were found decapitated in neighboring
Dhuluiya Was retaliation for ISI commander being killed in Balad Shiite elders in Balad called on Mahdi Army in Baghdad to send fighters to take revenge
2015 PM Abadi cabinet approved new pay scale for govt workers to cut costs pushed as reform move Led
to protests by civil workers
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2015 KRG PM Barzani removed four Gorran ministers from KRG cabinet
2017 PUK Peshmerga withdrew from areas of Bashir and Taza in south Kirkuk ceding territory to Iraqi
forces
(Musings On Iraq Escalation In Iraq Continues After KRG Referendum, The Kirkuk Challenge)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)
2017 PM Abadi gave Kurds 48 hours to vacate territory military bases oil fields occupied in 2014 by
Peshmerga
2017 Fighting broke out between Peshmerga and Hashd in Tuz Kharmato again
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurds withdrawal from disputed areas)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, October 12, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 12


1920 Tribes lost Rwairij to British during 1920 Revolt Led to clerics in Karbala to begin to surrender
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1957 Meeting at Ayatollah Muhsin Hakim’s house founding Dawa Party
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)
1958 Gen Qasim sent Arif to Germany as Iraq’s ambassador to eliminate him as opponent
1973 Israeli 210th Div attacked Iraqi forces in Syria Destroyed 20 Iraqi tanks and forced withdrawal
Later in day Israeli and Iraqi tanks re-engaged forcing Israelis to withdraw 3rd engagement between Israelis and Iraqis forced Iraqis to withdraw
1973 Israel sent in paratroops 250km into Syria to disrupt Iraqi reinforcements moving to front and
stopped their advance
1984 Saddam told Arabic newspaper he was ready to reestablish diplomatic relations with U.S.
1994 SCIRI claimed clashes between Iraqi forces and opposition in Diwaniya
2001 Jim Hoagland Wash Post OpEd quoted INC defector Khodada that Iraq training terrorists on
            hijacking airplanes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection
2002 Report questioned Bush’s claim Iraq still working on nuke program based upon ex-nuke scientist
Hamza Former UN inspector Albright said Hamza exaggerated Albright said he talked with nuclear experts at Oak Ridge and Lawrence Livermore who didn’t believe aluminum tubes were for Iraq’s nuclear program
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Zarqawi hit Baghdad Hotel with suicide car bomb 8 dead 32 wounded
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2004 Ayatollah Sistani fatwa called on followers to register to vote Aides to set up offices to help
people with process
2004 4 Sadr leaders including Qais Khazali and Hadi al-Darraji refused to follow ceasefire ending 2nd
Battle of Najaf
2005 Report Iraq army’s 1st Bgd 6th Div carrying out sectarian raids and attacks on Sunnis in WBaghdad
2005 UK paper said draft constitution put off major issues that would risk a weak Iraqi govt
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2006 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said Iraq forces increasing but violence going up Contradicted US
strategy for Iraq
2006 US military said attacks on Coalition up from 14 per day at start of Aug 06 to 36 per day
            in mid-Sep 06
2006 New UK Army Chief Gen Dannatt said England should withdraw its forces because only
            causing problems in Iraq Called PM Blair’s Iraq policies “naïve”
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq’s Mujahedeen Shura Council joined 6 tribes to create Mutayibeen Coalition
2006 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon found major problems with construction of Mosul Police HQ
Didn’t have number of contracted facilities like toilets Tree was cemented over and included in foundation
2006 Sunni parties criticized passage of federalism law SCIRI’s Hakim attacked them as Baathists
Saddamists and Takfiris
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2006 Men in police uniforms attacked Shaabiya TV station Executed 11 workers
2010 Turkey opened consulate in Irbil as part of improved relations with KRG
2014 IS magazine Dabiq article justified enslavement of Yazidis
2017 Iraqi joint forces crossed Kurdish lines in southern Kirkuk Told Peshmerga to vacate their
positions Disputed reports over whether Iraqi forces and Peshmerga shot at each other in southern Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurds withdrawal from disputed areas)
(Musings On Iraq Escalation In Iraq Continues After KRG Referendum, The Kirkuk Challenge)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, October 11, 2019

Iraq Govt Repression Of Protests Being Exposed As More Promises Of Reform Being Made

(Al Mada)

There were several reports on October 10 about the abuses committed by the security forces during the protests. Human Rights Watch (HRW) interviewed 14 demonstrators and journalists in Baghdad and Dhi Qar who told stories of the police and Hashd beating and shooting people. In Baghdad, on October 3 one person said he heard the police warn a crowd that if they didn’t disperse they would be shot at. A Reuters reporter then saw a sniper fire into the gathering. A medic was arrested inside her ambulance trying to attend to the wounded. Two days later the Iraqi forces (ISF) fired tear gas at a convoy of ambulances in the capital. There was plenty of video posted on social media of protesters getting shot down in the streets. HRW also talked with Dijla and NRT TV. Dijla TV received a letter from the Media Commission ordering it to shut down for one month for covering the disturbances. The next day its offices were raided, which began with a stun grenade being thrown into the building, and the staff beaten. A senior executive at NRT told Human Rights Watch that government officials called telling them to stop reporting on the protests. It was assaulted the same day as Dijla along with three other satellite stations. In Nasiriya, crowds tried to burn the offices of the Badr organization and were shot at by riot police and Badr security guards. When people marched on the offices of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in Shatra north of Nasiriya they were shot at by two men on the roof. When the riot police arrived they fired on the gathering as well. Al Mada had two reports on the same two provinces covered by HRW. In Baghdad lawyers and activists said that around 1,000 people were arrested during the unrest. The Bar Association and a human rights worker believed that half the prisoners were beaten and tortured by the ISF. In Dhi Qar, a massive arrest campaign was still on going to round up participants. Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi claimed that he gave strict orders not to shoot at crowds. The Interior Ministry said that it had nothing to do with the use of live ammunition on demonstrators. The government said it would launch an investigation into the violence. These were all attempts to avoid responsibility for what happened. These articles and investigations were just the latest to document the policy of repression. That was to use firepower as the first resort to break up gatherings, go after anyone helping demonstrators, carry out mass arrests which are still going on today, and shut down the media. The government has always used repression against protests, but this was the most violence it ever unleashed. Over 100 people were killed and hundreds more wounded. The ISF showed no concern for human life, and the politicians said nothing until the protests were almost over.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 11


1961 Qasim said he would give up demands on Iraq Petroleum Company if it gave up 90% of
the territory it was developing and gave Iraq larger share of profits Iraq Petroleum Company refused to give into Qasim’s demands
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1980 Iraqis made 2nd crossing of Karun River cut off road to Ahwaz and surrounded Abadan in south
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 CENTCOM presented war plan to White House to expel Iraq from Kuwait
1990 Pres Bush decided to give up on sanctions and use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
1991 Iraq rejected UN Resolution 715 which extended UN weapons inspections and allowed cameras to be
installed at former weapons sites
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
1994 Were over 60,000 Iraqi troops near Kuwait border
1996 Inspector report to UN Secretary General said Iraq had not fully disclosed its WMD and missile
programs
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
2000 Candidate Bush at presidential debate said he didn’t believe in nation building and military should
            only be used for war and could overthrow dictators
2001 PM Blair told Bush talk of war with Iraq was undermining war in Afghanistan and Iraq could come
later
(Musings On Iraq article Chilcot Report Sec 3.1 Development of UK Strategy and Options on Iraq, 9/11 to Early January 2002)
2002 Putin said he supported new inspections in Iraq but doubted Saddam had WMD
2002 Senate passed resolution allowing use of force against Iraq 77-23
2002 CIA analysts complained to press they were being pressured by Pentagon about their Iraq assessments
2003 Sadrist funeral in Sadr City turned into anti-US demonstration of 10,000
2004 IAEA warned that nuclear materials had been looted in Iraq after invasion
2004 Mahdi Army began turning over heavy weapons to US forces as part of peace deal with Allawi
govt Didn’t last
2005 US agreement created committee to amend new constitution after it was passed to get Sunni
support Amendments never happened
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2006 Parliament voted on law allowing for formation of federal regions Backed by SCIRI Sadrists
and Fadhila didn’t vote on bill
(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2006 NSC Iraq policy review called for surge in troops to secure Baghdad Diyala Anbar
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Bush said reason violence up in Iraq because US and Iraqi forces were on the offensive
2006 US Iraq Amb Khalizad said US didn't have forces to make new Baghdad security plan work
2006 Report in Lancet estimate approx 655,000 deaths Iraq due to US invasion from Mar 2003-Jun
2006 Report gained huge press coverage Has since been thoroughly debunked by experts
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq article New Study Refutes Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
2006 Displacement Min Sultan said more than 300,000 Iraqis had been displaced since 03 AP estimated
890,000 Iraqis fled to Jordan Iran Syria since 03
2006 Report PM Maliki govt barred Baghdad morgue and Health Min from reporting on Iraqi deaths US
military claimed Iraqi govt figures were too high
2006 US Embassy estimated 5-30 Iraqis were kidnapped each day
2006 Report 135 judges removed for corruption and Baathist ties Judges said crime rate far higher than
official figures because most incidents not reported Judges had been killed and no one arrested
2007 6 insurgent groups formed Political Council for the Iraqi Resistance Was accused of being secular by
Islamists
2009 Insurgents attacked Anbar provincial council building in Ramadi 23 killed 65 wounded
2015 KDP security refused to allow KRG Speaker of parliament from Gorran to enter Irbil city and
attend parliament
2016 Pres Erdogan said Turkey didn’t need to ask for Iraqi permission to operate in its territory Told PM
Abadi he needed to stay in his place
2017 Warrants issued for 3 members of Kurdish referendum organizing committee for breaking
court injunction against holding vote
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, October 10, 2019

Protests Continue In Baghdad But At Smaller Level As Iraqi Govt Promises Reforms

PM Abdul Mahdi gave another televised speech promises reforms to meet demands of protesters (Reuters)


There were small gatherings of people in Baghdad resulting in clashes with the security forces that were barely reported in Iraq. At the same time, Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi is moving forward with his promises of reform, which don’t look to offer much real change.

This Day in Iraqi History - Oct 10

1920 Sayid Abu Tabikh made head of Iraqi provisional govt during 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 Anglo-Iraq Treaty signed Opposed by opposition who were anti-British Treaty gave British control
of Iraq’s govt King Faisal military finances foreign relations Basra port railroad Was to last 20 years
1922 British promised to push for Iraq independence in return for Anglo-Iraq Treaty being passed
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1940 UK official told UK Amb Iraqi politicians pan-Arab London unwilling to change Palestine policy
meant Iraq would be lukewarm towards UK until it started winning in WWII
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1961 Qasim govt ended ground offensive to put down Mustafa Barzani’s Kurdish revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1980 Iraqis crossed Karun River took Darkhovin forcing Iranians to retreat to Ahwaz in south
1982 Iran made 2nd attack on Diyala Entered Mandali but forced out Aim was reaching Baghdad
Recaptured 80 sq mi of Iranian territory from Iraqis
1984 Tariq Aziz complained that Western Europe was still sending military equipment to Iran despite US
efforts to stop them
1986 Iran carried out commando raid on pipeline near Kirkuk
1986 Iran Op Fath 1 attacked Luka Dukhan electricity plant Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1990 CENTCOM presented war plans at Pentagon to expel Iraq from Kuwait
1994 Clinton decided to continue Bush’s policy of undermining Saddam
(Musings On Iraq book review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
2001 FBI issued warning may be more possible anthrax attacks Pundits began blaming Iraq for attacks
2002 UK intel report said that Iraq would only launch terrorism if attacked by US and couldn't use WMD
outside its territory
2002 UK intel report found no cooperation between Iraq and Al Qaeda and attack on Iraq would lead to
more terrorism and radicalization Rejected Iraq-Al Qaeda ties Was leaked to press
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2002 US House of Representatives approved use of force resolution against Iraq 296-33
2003 Sadr announced his own shadow govt
2003 VP Cheney cited Iraq Survey Group report to claim that Iraq in material breach of UN resolutions
and had WMD programs Said Iraq had a relationship with Al Qaeda and trained Al Qaeda in poisons and bomb making Said if Saddam still in power he would be training terrorists and producing WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 Sec State Powell said overwhelming evidence that Iraq violated UN resolutions about its WMD
program
2003 Iraqi diplomat that went to Niger said his trip was about trade and breaking sanctions not buying
uranium for nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2006 US brought Anbar Gov Alwani and Sheikh Abu Risha together for meeting Two had heated
argument Abu Risha wanted Mamoun replaced
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Gov Alwani)
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Meeting of ruling parties over ending sectarian violence in Baghdad broke up when Sunnis accused
Shiite militias of killing VP Hashemi’s brother Fadhila MP and National Dialogue Front MP said parties lost faith in each other Meetings would descend into Sunnis and Shiites blaming each other for violence
2007 Police and Mahdi militiamen fired rockets at Camp Victory in Baghdad killing 2 US soldiers
2008 Sadrists marched in Baghdad to protest assassination of MP Auqaeili day before
(Musings On Iraq article on Auqaeili’s assassination)
2008 Report Health Min bought $11 mil worth of expired chlorine from Iran to purify water in Diwaniya
Karbala Babil during cholera outbreak SIIC officials in Babil used expired chlorine Babil had most cholera cases as a result
(Musings On Iraq article on cholera outbreak)
2017 Hawija operation officially ended
(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Forces Finish Hawija Now On To Western Anbar Again) 

Wednesday, October 9, 2019

PM Abdul Mahdi Claims Deal Made To Hold Off Further Protests

(Getty Images)

There were no protests in Iraq on October 8. This was after a week full of street demonstrations and violent repression by the government. Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi claimed he made a deal with organizers, but the mounting deaths and lack of Internet could have finally taken their toll.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 9


1941 Nuri al-Said became premier 3rd time Went after supporters of former PM Gaylani
(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Moement in Irq 1939-1941 on Said govt)
(Musings On Iraq book review of ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958 on Said govt)
1969 Baath announced language and cultural concessions to Kurds as part of talks with Mullah Mustafa
Barzani
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1970 Tikriti removed as VP under Pres Bakr and retired from army Made Amb to Spain to get him out of
country Orchestrated by Saddam Tikriti refused ambassadorship and flew back to Baghdad to confront Saddam Was arrested at airport and sent into exile in Algeria
1990 Bush said willing to give sanctions chance but would not allow Iraq to annex Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
2001 Iraq’s UN Amb Duri said Iraq had sent individual message of condolences after 9/11 but not to US
govt because of its bombings and sanctions on Iraq
2002 Bush told CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks he was not happy with Iraq war plan
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2002 CIA Dir Tenet told Senate Intel Comm Iraq would only use WMD if regime was threatened
2002 Italian reporter gave US Embassy in Rome copies of documents on alleged Iraq-Niger uranium deal
Were found to be fakes CIA Station Chief in Rome misplaced documents and were never sent to CIA HQ
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2002 Ex-CIA agents complained to press that Bush admin used slanted intel to make case against Iraq
2002 Energy Dept official told Guardian he didn’t believe aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for
nuclear program Former UN inspector Albright said CIA pushing aluminum tubes story while nuclear experts disagreed with it Said Lawrence Livermore Lab was told not to voice its doubts about aluminum tubes
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Bush speech said Iraq doing better than most Americans thought and world better off without
Saddam
2003 Bush gave NatSecAdv Rice oversight of reconstruction program Congress then barred Rice from
that duty
2003 US forces raided Sadr office in Baghdad Got into gunfight with Mahdi Army
2003 Zarqawi hit Sadr City police station with suicide car bomb killing 10
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2003 Spanish diplomat in Iraq assassinated
2006 Ruling parties agreed to have equal number of Sunni and Shiite ISF at Baghdad checkpoints to try to
stop sectarian attacks Part of PM Maliki’s security plan
2006 Accordance Front demanded investigation into sectarian violence in Baquba Accused ISF of
sectarian arrests looting homes Said Shiite parties were promoting attacks
2006 Police killed brother of VP Tariq Hashemi in his home
2006 Interior Min Bolani announced new uniforms to be issued to police Said couldn’t be copied Meant
to distinguish police from death squads dressed as police Wouldn’t stop police in death squads
2006 US raid into Diwaniya to arrest militiaman led to gun battle with Mahdi Army 30 militiamen killed
2008 PM Maliki said he would disband any Tribal Support Council working with a political party after
SIIC criticized groups Were created to support Maliki before elections
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki closing Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2008 Sadrist MP Auqaeili killed by IED in Baghdad Sadrists first blamed ISF and US leading to nighttime
clash between Mahdi Army and ISF and US Part of wave of assassinations of Sadrist officials
(Musings On Iraq article on Auqaeili’s assassination)
2008 2 days 75 Christian families fled Mosul after 5 killed
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)
2015 Protests in Baghdad Babil Karbala Najaf Qadisiyah Muthanna Dhi Qar Maysan Wasit Basra Diyala
for reform

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

Are Iraq’s Protests Coming To An End?

Pres Salah gave speech condemning violence against protesters and offering more promises of reform (Al Mirbad)


On October 7 there were protests in only two provinces. One of those was Diwaniya where activists said they would end their organizing at least temporarily. Baghdad on the other hand saw another clash with the security forces. Still, this was a large drop from the first day of unrest, and showed that the heavy hand of the government and the large casualty count of civilians were having their effects.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 8


1920 US Consul in Baghdad blamed UK High Commissioner Wilson’s heavy administration taxes
and bombing civilians for causing 1920 revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1942 PM Nuri al-Said formed a new cabinet
(Musings On Iraq book review of ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958 on Said govt)
1948 Export-import licenses for Jewish businesses forbidden after creation of Israel
1984 Iraq broke 3 week ceasefire in Tanker War with attack upon ship leaving Iran’s Kharg Island main
oil facility
1986 U.N. Res 588 said Iran and Iraq should follow Res 582 to resolve Iran-Iraq War Iran rejected UN Res
588 because didn’t blame Iraq for starting Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Fighting broke out between army and Peshmerga in Sulaymaniya 400 killed before ceasefire
reached with army withdrawing
1994 Iraq’s 15th Mechanized Brigade was 20 km from Kuwait border
1994 US France UK deployed troops to Persian Gulf in response to Saddam putting troops on Kuwait
border
1994 President of UN Security Council demanded that Iraq withdraw its troops from Kuwait border
1994 SCIRI asked international community to give it control of sections of southern Iraq
1997 IAEA Iraq started centrifuge program in 1987 but was way behind schedule Iraq might have had a
bomb by 96
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1997 UK said that Iraq smuggling oil through Iran violating UN sanctions
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2002 White House posted pictures claiming to be Iraq working on three facilities for nuclear weapons
program
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 Bush US went to war with Iraq to deal with future threats with WMD and ties to terrorism Said found
Iraq’s WMD programs
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 Presidential debate Bush said Iraq invasion absolutely right Iraq was trying to end sanctions and
rebuild WMD programs
2004 Natl Sec Adv Rice said Iraq Survey Group proved Iraq wanted WMD and therefore was a threat
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 Family of British hostage Ken Bigley said he had been killed by insurgents
2006 Political parties agreed to PM Maliki’s plan for Central Comm for Peace and Security to help secure
Baghdad would have reps from each major party and coordinate with ISF and premier’s office
2008 Christian families began fleeing Mosul after 5 killed
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)
2012 PM Maliki went to Russia and signed $4.2 bil in arms deals
2017 Clash between Hashd and Peshmerga in Allewa Kirkuk as a result of independence referendum
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, October 7, 2019

Govt Repression Working Against Iraq’s Protest Movement

(Reuters)

When Iraq’s protests started on October 1 they occurred in Baghdad and across southern Iraq. By October 6 they were only happening in three provinces, one of which is supposed to stop by tomorrow. This dramatic reduction is due to government repression that has seen the police, the Counter Terror Forces, the army, and the Hashd all deployed into the streets gunning down over 100 people protesting against Iraq’s corrupt system.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 7


1959 Baathists made failed assassination attempt on Pres Qasim wounding him Saddam fled to Syria
and Egypt as a result
1973 Iraq nationalized shares of US oil company and Shell in retaliation for west support for Israel in 1973
Arab-Israeli War
1980 2nd day Iranian air force sunk ships to block Shatt al-Arab waterway to Persian Gulf
1983 France secretly flew 6 Super Etendard jets to Iraq Iran threatened France about the planes
1983 US report Iran turning tide in Iran-Iraq War and US already starting to tilt towards Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1991 Peshmerga executed 60 Iraqi soldiers captured in Sulaymaniya 50 people killed in fighting in
Kurdistan
1991 Kurdish Front consisting of main Kurdish parties said it would combat the PKK
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1998 Congress passed Iraq Liberation Act saying policy was to remove Saddam Opened up money to Iraq
opposition Under Iraq Liberation Act Clinton admin was to certify 7 opposition groups to receive funds Certified Iraqi National Congress Iraqi National Accord KDP PUK SCIRI Islamic Movement of Iraqi Kurdistan Movement for Constitutional Monarchy
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
(Musings On Iraq book review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
(Musings On Iraq short history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)
1998 Ex-Gen Downing and ex-CIA officer Clarridge drew up plan for Iraqi opposition trained by Special
Forces to seize territory in western and southern Iraq When Saddam attacked Iraqi opposition would lead to U.S. intervention and overthrow of govt
2001 Saddam condemned US invasion of Afghanistan saying it would only lead to more instability in world
2001 Bin Laden video said he was fighting for Iraqis who had suffered under sanctions White House would
claim this was evidence of Iraq-Al Qaeda connection
2002 Bush speech in Cincinnati outlined Iraq’s WMD and nuke threat to lobby for passage of Congressional
use of force resolution Said US tried containment sanctions inspections and Iraq still had WMD If Iraq didn't disarm Iraq would do it Said Iraq great threat because of WMD and its history of aggression Said if Iraq got enriched uranium it could have a nuclear bomb in less than a year Said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for nuke program Claimed Al Qaeda and Iraq united in hatred for U.S. Had high level contacts for a decade Claimed Iraq had trained Al Qaeda in bomb making and poisons and Saddam celebrated 9/11
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2002 CIA blocked Bush talking about Iraq trying to buy uranium from Africa in speech
2002 Italian contacted journalist about providing her with Iraq-Niger uranium deal papers that turned out to
be fakes
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2002 CIA Director Tenet sent letter to Senate Intelligence Committee Said Iraq wouldn’t conduct terrorist
or WMD attacks upon US unless regime was threatened Wrote that there were high level Iraq-Al Qaeda ties going back a decade Iraq offered safe haven and non-aggression Iraq provided poison gas training to Al Qaeda Said Al Qaeda operatives in Iraq
2002 Intel officials complained to press saying White House claims of Iraq-Al Qaeda ties exaggerated
2002 Pentagon drafted 2 memos on postwar Iraq 1st said military would assume control of Iraqi govt
maintain security so rebuilding could begin and govt could restart 2nd memo said a military governor would run Iraq and appoint US specialists to run each ministry Didn’t say who would do this as invasion plan was to withdraw quickly Gen Franks said he would not run Iraq after invasion
2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said he knew nothing of NatSecAdv Rice creating Iraq Stabilization Group
at NSC Rumsfeld was told about NSC group but wanted to personally be in control of all Iraq decisions so opposed Rice’s move
2003 Australian Senate censured PM Howard for not proving his claims Iraq had WMD to
            justify sending troops to Iraq
2003 Turkish parliament okayed PM Erdogan sending Turkish troops to Iraq Governing Council opposed
idea
2003 Major demonstration in Basra city when rumor spread not enough money to pay former soldiers
Protesters burned records to make payments British troops shot and killed a man
2004 Sec State Powell said Iraq Survey Group initial report proved Iraq wanted WMD and that
            it was a threat
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 Blair claimed Iraq Survey Group report proved that Saddam wanted WMD
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2004 Sadr offered to disarm Mahdi Army as part of peace deal with Allawi govt Wasn’t serious
2007 Gen Petraeus said Iran causing violence in Iraq by arming militias Said Iranian ambassador to Iraq
member of Iranian Revolutionary Guard
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2017 Clash between Hashd and Peshmerga in Kharabaroot Kirkuk as a result of independence referendum
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Development And Setbacks Of The Current Iraqi Military, Interview with CSU San Marco’s Prof Marashi

(AFP/Getty Images) The Iraqi military has gone through several stages since the 2003 U.S. invasion. There was its disbandment by the Co...