Monday, October 19, 2020

Security In Iraq Oct 8-14, 2020


The recent uptick in Islamic State operations in Iraq where attacks went from single to double digits does not now appear to be a Fall offensive but rather a temporary increase. At the same time the pro-Iran Hashd factions have declared a ceasefire halting their campaign against western targets.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 19

 

1948 All Jewish govt workers fired in Iraq after creation of Israel

1958 Gen Bakr forced to retire after Col Arif lost power struggle with Gen Qasim within govt

1980 Saddam speech said Iraq couldn’t win war because outnumbered by Iran

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1983 Iranian Op Wa al-Fajr 4 began to take Penjwin Valley in Kurdistan from KDPI and cut its

supply line to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

2003 Sec State Powell said US found evidence of Iraq’s WMD programs and that Saddam always

wanted nuclear weapons

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Bin Laden tape aired on Al Jazeera Congratulated Iraqis for resisting Americans in

Iraq Said US was mired in the swamps of the Tigris and Euphrates

2004 Head of aid group Care was kidnapped in Baghdad Later killed by insurgents

2004 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie wrote OpEd in NY Sun that Saddam was training foreigners to

carry out terrorist attacks and working with Islamic groups

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2004 PM Allawi got US to free insurgent leader Sheikh Jumaili in attempt to split militants in Fallujah

against Zarqawi Failed

2005 Saddam’s trial started and pled his innocence

2005 Natl Sec Adv Rice told Senate about Clear Hold Build counterinsurgency plan for Iraq Was not

discussed with US military beforehand

(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Iraq Amb Khalizad later asked Rice what Clear Hold Build was and why

not consulted

2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld complained to Natl Sec Adv Rice that he did not back Clear Hold Build and he

            was not consulted about it

2006 IED killed Amara police chief from Badr Police arrested brother of suspected bomber from Mahdi

Army 2 days of fighting started Mahdi Army stormed 3 police stations manned by Badr in Amara

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 US military spokesman said Op Together Forward II failed to reduce violence in Baghdad Said

attacks up 22% since start of Ramadan US forces returned to Dora after it was touted as first area cleared during operation

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Amb Khalzad gave press conference saying Op Together Forward

II in Baghdad working

2006 Report over 20 militias operating in Baghdad Mahdi Army splintering

2006 Report police unit blamed for killing 26 Sunnis at food factory in Baghdad’s Amil Unit was

            suspended

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2013 IS held parade in southern Fallujah

2019 Sadrists held protests in Karbala during Arbaeen pilgrimage

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, October 18, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 18

 

1920 Najaf surrendered to British in 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1928 Shiite sheikhs issued statement about conscription saying only the Shiites would be drafted as Kurds

and western tribes would never allow it meaning Shiites would make all the sacrifices

1940 Ger Amb to Turkey told Fin Min Shawkat Germany supported Arabs but gave no specific

promises or support

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1980 Pres Carter called on Iraq to withdraw from Iran Carter was trying to get US hostages held by Tehran

released

1980 Iraqi forces attempted to attack Abadan from behind but failed Iranian counterattack in Andimeshk

forced Iraqi retreat

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 7 began to recapture Mehran Iran in central front Discovered by Iraqi intelligence

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1997 PUK and KDP agreed to US brokered ceasefire in civil war Clashes continued

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 2nd CIA report on story that Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger Said Iraq didn’t have

facilities to process uranium

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said Iraq behind 9/11

2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Under Sec of Def Feith to create postwar planning office for Iraq Cancelled few

days later Cancellation came from White House that didn’t want postwar planning because could derail invasion

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2006 ISI held march in Ramadi to declare its Islamic state and mark its new name

2006 CENTCOM briefing said Iraq heading towards chaos Increased sectarian violence despite U.S.

security plan

2008 Female suicide bomber killed at Sahwa checkpoint in Salahaddin

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers0

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 Govt committee to investigate attacks on Christians in Mosul found some army units worked with

armed groups and weren’t protecting Christians

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 4 armed members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard were found and arrested in Diyala by ISF

(Musings On Iraq Iranians And Special Groups Forces Returning To Iraq)

2011 Exxon signed oil and gas deal with KRG marking 1st major energy company to enter region

(Musings On Iraq New Twists In Exxon-Kurd Oil Deal)

2017 KRG Election Comm said it stopped preparations for presidential and parliamentary elections

because no candidates

(Musings On Iraq In Face Of Referendum Fallout Kurdish Ruling Parties Decide To Hold Onto Power)

2017 UN warned Election Comm that choosing electronic voting system would undermine trust in

voting

2018 Out going Oil Minister Luabi transferred 9 state oil companies to new Iraq National Oil Company that

he headed PM Designate Mahdi warned that his govt would cancel any orders it felt illegal

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Starts Reviving National Oil Company)

2019 Amnesty reported govt had on going campaign against activists and journalists for

protests Included threats arrests and disappearances

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, October 17, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 17

 

1909 Mosul representatives to new Ottoman Assembly left for Istanbul Was part of Young Turks’

reforms

1920 Kufa fell to British during 1920 Revolt Led to surrender of Najaf next day Tribal siege of Diwaniya

also ended

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1973 Saddam said govt and KDP were far apart on autonomy talks for Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1980 UN Security Council discussed Iran-Iraq War Addressed by Iran and Iraq Iran Foreign Min told UN

Iraq was aggressor Saddam wanted to overthrow Iranian govt Iraq backed by superpowers and Arab countries Iraq Foreign Min said Iran violated treaties attacked border towns never replied to letters calling for negotiations UN Security Council backed Secretary General’s attempts to negotiate a ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 Iraq held national census

1994 Iraqi defector Saadi claimed he went to Jordan with Mukhabarat to buy nuke material from

Russians for a bomb

2001 Bush called PM Blair Told him Iraq probably behind anthrax letters in US

2001 NY Times article reported Iraqi defector saw Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak to take

airliners Said INC claimed Iraq diplomat met bin Laden in 98 and offered him safe haven Reported Czech Inter Min said 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague

2003 Iraqi prisoner photographed stripped and handcuffed to cell door by US jailers at Abu Ghraib

2003 Gunfight outside Sadr office in Karbala killed 3 US soldiers and 7 Iraqis

2004 Zarqawi pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda Tawhid wal Jihad became Al

Qaeda in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

2004 Heavy fighting in east and south Fallujah between US forces and insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2006 NSC started review of Iraq strategy to come up with new one

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Interior Min fired 3,000 police for human rights abuses corruption connection to militias 1

Police Commando commander and a public order brigade commander removed for ties to militias

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2006 After 4 days of sectarian fighting Iraqi army and US forces deployed to Balad Almost entire

Sunni population had fled

2008 ISF arrested 4 ISI members planning attacks on Christians in Mosul Since attacks started in Oct

9,360 had fled city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 UN reported more Iraqis seeking asylum than any other nationality 1st 6 months of 2008

            165,100 Iraqis asked for asylum

2016 Mosul campaign started with joint operations between Iraqi forces and Peshmerga

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Ret. Col Witty on the Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Horizon Client Access’ Alex Mello on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Amnesty International’s Donatella Rovera on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with International Center for Study of Radicalization’s Charlie Winter on how IS media dealt with its defeat in Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with BBC’s Quentin Sommerville on the Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Niqash’s Mustafa Habib on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Stephen Kalin on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with AFP’s Ahmad Mousa on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Florian Neuhof on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

2017 Kurds withdrew from Khanaqin Diyala Also Bashiqa Makhmour Gwar Rabia part of Sinjar Ninewa

that they occupied in 2014 Was gun battle between Hashd and Police vs Peshmerga at Mosul Dam

(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Aftermath)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back to 2014 Borders)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Peshmerga clashed with Hashd at Mosul Dam before handing over facility to govt forces

2017 5 Turkish soldiers killed by IEDs laid by PKK 1st time in years Turkish soldiers killed by PKK in Iraq

Would start escalation of conflict End of 2017 318 PKK fighters and 23 Turkish soldiers killed along with 23 Turks wounded in fighting

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Frederike Geerdink on escalating conflict between PKK and Turks in Iraq)

2019 Maliki Hakim Abadi all condemned govt going after journalists

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, October 16, 2020

Review A Short History of Iraq, Second Edition

Abdullah, Thabit, A Short History of Iraq, Second Edition, Harlow: Pearson Education Limited, 2011


 

Professor Thabit Abdullah wrote a short and concise book in A Short History of Iraq. It starts with the Arab conquest of what would become Iraq in the 7th Century and goes up to U.S. occupation. Throughout each period he talks about the political and economic developments with a bit on culture as well. Abdullah emphasizes that Iraq has constantly seen conflict and divisions but also periods of stability and growth.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 16

 

1973 Iraqi, Syrian and Jordanian forces attacked Israeli positions but were turned back

1991 Turkish army launched ground assault into Kurdistan to attack PKK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 CIA Dir Tenet met with UK officials and agreed no Iraq-9/11 connection

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Iraq held elections where Saddam voted president for another 7 years

2002 Iraq renewed offer for new UN inspections after US rejected deal

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 French Pres Chirac said no Iraq Al Qaeda ties and attacking Iraq could lead to new terrorist

attacks

2002 State Dept intel agency gave CIA DIA NSA Energy Dept copies of Iraq-Niger uranium

documents

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 UN Resolution 1511 set 12/15/03 as date for Iraqi Governing Council to submit plan for

interim govt and constitution

2003 UK Def Sec Hoon said that attacks on Coalition were increasing and Coalition response in

Sunni areas was alienating Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Attacks upon 5 churches

2006 PM Maliki called Bush said he was worried US had set 2 month deadline for him to control

sectarian violence Said deadline and talk of dividing Iraq were undermining his govt Bush said he supported Maliki

2006 Report US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey was worried that ISF couldn’t take over security as planned

start of 07 Casey said US could have substantial troop drawdowns but had to increase US forces by 10,000 due to violence in Baghdad

2006 PM Maliki interview said his govt wouldn’t disarm militias until end of 06/early 07 Said US

forces would start large withdrawals start of 07 Rejected US operations vs Mahdi Army in Sadr City

2006 Iraq Body Count criticized Lancet casualty report Said meant 500,000 death certificates were issued

but not recorded by govt Would mean thousands of Iraqis were wounded and never went for medical help Would mean only 1/10 of Iraqi deaths were recorded

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2006 Sunni tribesmen fired mortars into Balad 13 vehicles stopped at police checkpoint south of Balad and

people taken away by insurgents afer 2 days of killings by Shiites for 26 Shiites killed in Dhuluiya Total of 80 bodies arrived at Balad morgue

2007 Report US stopped UK withdrawal from Basra for 5 months During time 25 UK soldiers killed and

58 wounded US said Iran would move into city if UK pulled out too soon British said Iraqi nationalism would hold Iran in check PM Maliki sent general to Basra to tell UK it should leave to reduce tensions

2007 Report Dec 06 US Embassy memo said every Iraqi ministry plagued by corruption Singled out

Interior Min as one of the worst Health Min run by Sadrists who extorted doctors and private clinics and stole drugs

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2007 Report US organized 34 Sahwa units in central Iraq 25 were Sunni 9 Shiite

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2012 PM Maliki suspended Central Bank of Iraq head Shababi after he refused to stop dinar re-

valuation Appointed ally Turki head of Board of Supreme Audit as new bank head

2017 Iraqi forces moved towards military base and oil fields in south Kirkuk Fighting broke out with

Peshmerga PUK withdrew most of its forces leading KDP to do the same Allowed joint forces to take most of Kirkuk province including Bai Hassan Avana and Baba Gargur oil and gas fields denying KRG of roughly half its revenues

(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Aftermath)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back to 2014 Borders)

(Musings On Iraq Seven Expert Opinions On The Kirkuk Crisis)

2017 KDP called PUK traitors and PUK called KDP thieves after Kurdish withdrawal from Kirkuk

2017 PUK withdrew its forces from Jawala Qara Tapa Mandali Daquq in northeast Diyala after meeting

with governor and army chief of staff

(Musings On Iraq In Face Of Referendum Fallout Kurdish Ruling Parties Decide To Hold Onto Power)

2017 Fighting broke out between Peshmerga and Hashd in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Widespread looting

and burning of homes and businesses by Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back To 2014 Borders)

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi asked Sistani to help end protests but he refused Iran Rev Guard’s Gen

Suleimani flew to Najaf and warned Sistani had had to pick between the protests and the govt

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2019 Report Pro-Iran Hashd units deployed 3rd day of protests to put them down Used snipers

            in Baghdad Included elements of Hashd commission

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2019 Iraqi Media House said journalists were fleeing Baghdad and south due to death threats

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, October 15, 2020

US Company Paid Off PM Maliki To Service And Rob Iraqi Military Base


Sallyport Global Services is an American military contractor. It is accused of giving bribes to Iraqi officials including former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to acquire a deal to service the Balad Air Base in Salahaddin. Recently it had been accused of smuggling fuel from that base as well.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 15

 

1906 Protests in Mosul ended against Ottoman census that included counting women

1927 1st successful oil well started at Baba Gargur field in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1960 Islamic Party complained to Gen Qasim that his govt neglected religion while accepted Communists

Asked Qasim to ban Communists and their media while releasing any cleric arrested since 1958 coup

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1973 Syrian-Jordanian-Iraqi offensive in southern Syria failed to achieve results

1980 Iran launched large counter attack against Iraqi forces around Andimeshk

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 Iraq and Turkey made deal to fight PKK Allowed each country to enter 3 miles into others

territory to combat group

1991 Report UN inspectors said Iraq worked on hydrogen bomb before Gulf War Found program more

advanced than previously thought Iraq could’ve had bomb in a year

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1994 Iraq withdrew troops from Kuwait border after Russian diplomacy and UN Res 949 that

demanded withdrawal UN Res 949 demanded Iraq’s full cooperation with UN inspectors

1995 Saddam won referendum for 7 more years as president with 99.9% of vote Was meant to

show public was behind Saddam after Hussein Kamal defected to Jordan

1997 Ayatollah Mohammed Sadiq al-Sadr gave sermon saying No! Yes is just for God mocking

Yes to Saddam slogan

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1997 Turkey’s Op Dawn ended against PKK in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2000 Iran announced it was returning to 1975 Algiers Treaty Meant rapprochment with Iraq but

also Iraq gained nothing from Iran-Iraq War

2001 CIA report from Rome said that Italian intel said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger but

didn’t see much merit in it

2001 CIA DIA Energy Dept thought Iraq-Niger uranium deal was possible State Dept thought

story suspect

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2001 White House spokesman said no connection between Iraq and anthrax letters sent to Wash DC

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld wrote list of 29 things that could go wrong with Iraq War Including finding no

WMD ethnosectarian conflict List was to point out possible problems so war could be successful Had no follow up on how to deal with any problems listed

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Italy’s SISMI intel agency told CIA of Iraq-Niger uranium deal documents

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2002 Under Sec of Def Feith briefed NSC on plan for governing postwar Iraq with 3-star general in

charge of military and civilian administrator

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Sec of State Powell said that his claims about Iraq’s WMD program had been proven

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said CPA’s schedule for Iraq wouldn’t work and new one had to be created

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 Sadr followers failed to take over Karbala shrine

2003 UK intel report Worried that Iraq would become new base for jihadists Significant number of Islamists

had already travelled to Iraq Could become base for recruiting training and attacks and could get worse

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 US put Zarqawi on its terrorist list

2004 VP Cheney said Iraq could have given WMD to terrorists

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2005 Referendum on new Iraqi constitution held

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2006 Reconciliation conference indefinitely postponed due to weekend violence Setback for PM

            Maliki’s reconciliation plans

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council again announced ISI and Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala

Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil Said its goal was to govern

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

2006 Report auditors found ¼ of US funded water projects had broken down since being turned

over to Iraqis

2006 2 days Shiite gunmen killed 47 Sunnis in Balad in retaliation for 26 dead Shiites being found

in Dhuluiya

2006 6 car bombs in Kirkuk killed 10 and wounded dozens 52 killed in attacks in Baghdad

2006 500 Sunni sheikhs held meeting condemning federalism plan by SIIC objected to breaking

            up Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2006 Islamic Party accused Interior Min of Oct 9 murder of VP Hashemi’s brother

2007 State Dept official told reporters corruption in Iraq was systemic and hindering govt Claimed PM

            Maliki was dealing with it

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2008 Moldova announced withdrawing its 20 soldiers Dec 08 Were supposed to stay until March 09 Said

improved security meant not needed anymore

2008 US and ISF started new campaign to secure Mosul Started in western half Was ISI’s new base

Campaign failed

2015 Immediately after Baiji refinery liberated Hashd began looting facility and selling off equipment to

Iraqi and Iranian businesses

2017 Hashd burned PUK office in Tuz Kharmato after fighting stopped there over independence

referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2019 Sadr called for new protests during Arbaeen pilgrimage in Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, October 14, 2020

Review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom

Hafez, Mohammed, Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom, Washington D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 2007


 

Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom by Mohammed Hafez is an excellent analysis of the Iraqi insurgency and its use of suicide missions. It starts out by categorizing the Iraqi militants into two general categories and then explaining why one of those used these types of attacks. Hafez’s thesis was that suicide bombings were unique in Iraq and arose from the specific circumstances in the country and internationally.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 14

 

1927 Turkish Petroleum Company struck oil at Baba Gurgur field, Kirkuk starting Iraq’s oil

industry

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1973 3rd day fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria

1980 Iraqi forces entered Khorramshahr Iranians began phased withdrawal from city in south Took

Abadan-Ahwaz road Began attack on Abadan but didn’t have numbers to take it

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Iranian counterattack stopped Iraqi advance in Dezful area

1982 Iraqi air force ended two month bombing campaign against Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port with

little to show for it

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Iran and Iraq officially restored diplomatic relations as Saddam tried to secure his eastern flank

as war neared with US

1997 Britain, Turkey, US asked for KDP to withdraw from PUK territory

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 Frontline TV show interviewed INC provided Iraqi defector Khodada who claimed Iraq trained

terrorists to hijack planes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection

2001 Guardian article quoted fmr CIA Dir Woolsey Iraq only country with capabilities to pull

            off anthrax letters in US

2003 White House told Congress 70,000 new Iraqi forces on duty and 13,000 in training

2003 Sadrists tried to seize Karbala shrine leading to fighting with Sistani followers

2003 Zarqawi suicide car bombing of Turkish Embassy in Baghdad 2 dead 13 wounded

2004 Insurgents suicide bombers penetrated Green Zone killed 5 wounded 18

2004 US forces began encircling Fallujah and sending reinforcements to Ramadi

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2006 After 26 bodies of men from Balad found in Dhuluiya Mahdi Army began arriving in Balad from

Baghdad Shiite gunmen set up checkpoints in Balad and started killing Sunnis Shiite mosques began broadcasting messages that Sunnis needed to leave

2008 5,470 Christian fled Mosul after 14 killed

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

2008 140 Iraqi refugee families returned from Syria as part of PM Maliki’s campaign to encourage

refugees to come back to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Continues To Encourage Return Of Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Turkish dep Foreign Min met with Pres Barzani Made deal not to allow PKK to use KRG for attacks

on Turkey KRG had no control over Iraq-Turkey border

2008 1st Syrian ambassador in 25 yrs arrived in Iraq Iraq-Syria restored diplomatic relations in Nov 06

2008 Iraq’s Human Rights Min reported 85,694 Iraqis killed and 147,195 wounded from 2004-Oct 08

2009 Iraq’s Human Rights Ministry reported 85,694 dead 147,195 wounded civilians and ISF from 2004

to Oct 2008

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Ministry Counts 85,000 Dead From 2004-Oct 2008)

2012 MP announced arrest warrant issued for head of Central Bank of Iraq Shabibi after he refused

to cooperate with PM Maliki over the dinar

2014 IS captured Hit Anbar after Iraq army unit abandoned base

2015 Baiji refinery in Salahaddin finally freed from IS

2017 IRGC Gen Suelimani met with Talabani family Went over govt take over of Kirkuk Warned PUK

to distance itself from KDP or suffer the consequences after independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2019 Report Iraq Bar Association said more than 200 people killed during protests Govt

            arresting activists and journalists Many being tortured

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Tuesday, October 13, 2020

UN Warns About Negative Effects Of Oil Crash And COVID-19 On Iraq’s Economy

(Reuters)
The United Nations issued a report warning that Iraq’s economy might be harder hit by the oil collapse and COVID-19 pandemic than originally predicted. Already the early forecasts had been downgraded with Iraq’s GDP expected to shrink by 10% in 2020 and its budget deficit to be at 30% of its GDP.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 13

 

1973 Continued fighting between Israeli and Iraqi forces in Syria

1989 US Agriculture Dept memo said US loans meant to support Iraq buying food products were being

used to buy tech for weapons programs

1996 PUK counterattacked Recaptured Sulaymaniya from KDP with Iranian support Baghdad made deal

with Iran to allow PUK back into Kurdistan to counter KDP

1997 Heavy fighting restarted between KDP and PUK during civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2000 Iran’s Foreign Minister Kharrazi visited Iraq for 3 days Highest ranking Iranian official to visit

Iraq since 1979 Revolution After Karrazi’s trip Iran announced Iran and Iraq would re-open discussion on border and POW issue largely ended

2004 PM Blair told parliament that Iraq Study Group proved Saddam wanted WMD and violated UN

resolutions

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Mass grave with hundreds of Kurds killed by Saddam in 1987-88 discovered in Hatra Ninewa

2004 PM Allawi said that if Fallujah didn't turn over Zarqawi would be major operation to take city

City council refused to do so

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2006 Mujahedeen Shura Council became ISI Announced Islamic State in Baghdad Anbar Diyala

Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 New ISI announced Abu Omar al-Baghdadi emir of Islamic State

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on who was Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2006 Report splits within ISI between Zarqawi’s lieutenants and followers of military chief Masri

2006 Interior Min Bolani said he had PM Maliki’s backing to purge ministry of sectarian actors Same

time denied its forces were involved in sectarian killings Blamed Facilities Protection Service and imposters using police uniforms

2006 Report Talk of PM Maliki stepping down and 5 man council ruling Iraq and declaring martial

law

2006 Report Sadr complained about Shiite death squads using the name of Mahdi Army and backed

by Iranian Rev Guard and Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2006 Insurgents kidnapped 26 Shiite workers from Balad Bodies were found decapitated in neighboring

Dhuluiya Was retaliation for ISI commander being killed in Balad Shiite elders in Balad called on Mahdi Army in Baghdad to send fighters to take revenge

2008 12th Christian killed in Mosul causing more from that community to flee city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2015 PM Abadi cabinet approved new pay scale for govt workers to cut costs pushed as reform move

Led to protests by civil workers

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2015 KRG PM Barzani removed four Gorran ministers from KRG cabinet in dispute over Pres Barzani’s

term

2017 PUK Peshmerga withdrew from areas of Bashir and Taza in south Kirkuk ceding territory to Iraqi

forces

(Musings On Iraq Escalation In Iraq Continues After KRG Referendum, The Kirkuk Challenge)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 PM Abadi gave Kurds 48 hours to vacate territory military bases oil fields occupied in 2014 by

Peshmerga

2017 Fighting broke out between Peshmerga and Hashd in Tuz Kharmato again

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back To 2014 Borders)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Monday, October 12, 2020

Security In Iraq Oct 1-7, 2020


Violence was slightly down in Iraq the first week of October 2020. The Islamic State stepped back from attacks a bit although they were still higher than the previous period from the end of July to the middle of August. Pro-Iran groups also started off with a slew of attacks but then stopped. It’s impossible to say if this week’s events were the sign of a new trend or just a temporary dip. Only the following weeks will tell.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 12

 

1920 Tribes lost Rwairij to British during 1920 Revolt Led to clerics in Karbala to begin to

surrender

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1957 Meeting at Ayatollah Muhsin Hakim’s house founding Dawa Party

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Shi’ism and Social Protest)

1958 Gen Qasim sent Arif to Germany as Iraq’s ambassador to eliminate him as opponent

1973 Israeli 210th Div attacked Iraqi forces in Syria Destroyed 20 Iraqi tanks and forced withdrawal

Later in day Israeli and Iraqi tanks re-engaged forcing Israelis to withdraw 3rd engagement between Israelis and Iraqis forced Iraqis to withdraw

1973 Israel sent in paratroops 250km into Syria to disrupt Iraqi reinforcements moving to front and

stopped their advance

1984 Saddam told Arabic newspaper he was ready to reestablish diplomatic relations with U.S.

1994 SCIRI claimed clashes between Iraqi forces and opposition in Diwaniya

2001 Jim Hoagland Wash Post OpEd quoted INC defector Khodada that Iraq training terrorists on

            hijacking airplanes at Salman Pak implying 9/11 connection

2002 Report questioned Bush’s claim Iraq still working on nuke program based upon ex-nuke scientist

Hamza Former UN inspector Albright said Hamza exaggerated Albright said he talked with nuclear experts at Oak Ridge and Lawrence Livermore who didn’t believe aluminum tubes were for Iraq’s nuclear program

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 Zarqawi hit Baghdad Hotel with suicide car bomb 8 dead 32 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2004 Ayatollah Sistani fatwa called on followers to register to vote Aides to set up offices to help

people with process

2004 4 Sadr leaders including Qais Khazali and Hadi al-Darraji refused to follow ceasefire ending 2nd

Battle of Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2005 Report Iraq army’s 1st Bgd 6th Div carrying out sectarian raids and attacks on Sunnis in WBaghdad

2005 UK paper said draft constitution put off major issues that would risk a weak Iraqi govt

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

2006 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said Iraq forces increasing but violence going up Contradicted US

strategy for Iraq

2006 US military said attacks on Coalition up from 14 per day at start of Aug 06 to 36 per day

            in mid-Sep 06

2006 New UK Army Chief Gen Dannatt said England should withdraw its forces because only

            causing problems in Iraq Called PM Blair’s Iraq policies “naïve”

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq’s Mujahedeen Shura Council joined 6 tribes to create Mutayibeen Coalition

2006 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon found major problems with construction of Mosul Police HQ

Didn’t have number of contracted facilities like toilets Tree was cemented over and included in foundation

2006 Sunni parties criticized passage of federalism law SCIRI’s Hakim attacked them as Baathists

Saddamists and Takfiris

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2006 Men in police uniforms attacked Shaabiya TV station Executed 11 workers

2008 3 Christian homes blown up 3 found dead in Mosul Since Oct 4 3,750 Christians fled city Baghdad

sent 1,000 police to protect community

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 Interior Min announced it fired 20,000 police over last 2 yrs due to corruption and incompetence

2008 Report 16,000 refugees returned to Iraq in Jun 20,000 in Jul 37,000 in Aug 23,000 in Sep 90%

returned to Baghdad and Diyala

2010 Turkey opened consulate in Irbil as part of improved relations with KRG

2014 IS magazine Dabiq article justified enslavement of Yazidis

2017 Iraqi joint forces crossed Kurdish lines in southern Kirkuk Told Peshmerga to vacate their

positions Disputed reports over whether Iraqi forces and Peshmerga shot at each other in southern Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back To 2014 Borders)

(Musings On Iraq Escalation In Iraq Continues After KRG Referendum, The Kirkuk Challenge)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2019 Cabinet and military said setting up committees to investigate violence during

            protests

(Musings On Iraq Crackdown Continues Against Protesters While Iraq Govt Announces Investigations)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2019 Report ISF stopping young people at checkpoints Checking phones for pictures of

            protests and arresting them People fleeing Baghdad fearing arrest

2019 Report ISF doing house raids against protesters bloggers journalists for protests

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Security In Iraq Oct 8-14, 2020

The recent uptick in Islamic State operations in Iraq where attacks went from single to double digits does not now appear to be a Fall offen...