Sunday, January 17, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

 

1974 Bakr govt held talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1987 Iraq conducted missile and air strikes on Tehran and other major cities 3rd War of the Cities

Iran-Iraq War

1987 Iran attacked Diyala but repulsed Lost 2 brigades

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Mahdi Hakim killed in Sudan by Iraqi intelligence

1989 US report said Iraq was working on typhoid cholera anthrax for its chemical weapons program

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1990 Iraq ended foreign travel ban for citizens

1990 Bush admin signed directive for normalized relations with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Saddam told advisers time to fire missiles at Israel to see whether it would fight Iraq would

then alternate between hitting Israel and Saudis Iraq fired missiles at Haifa and Tel Aviv

1991 US hit command bunkers in Baghdad hoping to kill Saddam

1993 US fired 45 Tomahawk missiles at Baghdad for not allowing UN inspectors into country

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1994 US fired 45 cruise missiles at Zafaraniya factory Baghdad claiming it was nuclear facility

1998 Anniversary of Gulf War Saddam said Iraq met all obligations of UN Res 687 Threatened to raise 1

mil for jihad against UN if sanctions not lifted in 6 months

2002 Gen Franks briefed his commanders at CENTCOM on initial Iraq war plans for 1st time

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 Pentagon memo said no decision on postwar govt in Iraq Said would be a military administration

transitional authority elections leading to an Iraqi govt Didn’t match Pentagon plans to quickly withdraw US troops

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 CIA report said Iraq had rebuilt its nuclear program Said were reports Iraq tried to buy

uranium from Africa

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 CIA told Joint Chiefs of Staff that it had some reports that Iraq tried to buy uranium from

Africa

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 PM Blair agreed to 1 UK division and 3 combat brigades for Iraq War to be deployed in south

2003 UN inspectors after 4 inspections said Fallujah II chlorine plant inoperative US claimed it

was producing WMD

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2007 PM Maliki claimed if ISF were better armed US forces could start withdrawing in 3-6 months

Claimed he launched operation to clear Karbala of militiamen and arrested 400 Mahdi Army members Was not true

2007 Mayor of Sadr City Daraji had 1st of 2 meetings with UK Gen Lamb on working out understanding

with militias to prevent confrontations in district Militias were afraid of major US operation in Sadr City as part of Surge Sadrists backed Daraji’s effort

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

2007 UK Intel report Sectarian violence increased in last 6 months Attacks on Coalition reaching new

high PM Maliki govt had no security strategy was uncoordinated problem with rivalries endemic corruption lacked capable bureaucracy

2008 UN envoy to Iraq said country only had 6 months to turn security improvement into reconciliation

Said too much distrust within govt

2008 US military reported 75% of Baghdad secured up from 8% in Feb 07

2009 Report Not enough votes to carry out referendum on Basra federalism

2010 Chemical Ali sentenced to death for Halabja attack

2011 Protesters cut Kirkuk-Baghdad highway Set tires on fire Blocked all traffic over lack of electricity

in Kirkuk Kirkuk governor was diverting power from a local power plant from Baghdad to Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Electricity Protests Spread To Northern Iraq) 

 

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, January 16, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 16

 

1943 Iraq declared war on Axis

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1948 Communists led protests against new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Fired upon by police 4 killed Led to

large sectors of country to turn against treaty

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1981 UN Envoy Palme visited Iran and Iraq to try to negotiate ceasefire in war

1987 Iran seized Bovarian Island Basra and caused 3000 Iraqi casualties

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Operation Desert Storm-Gulf War started to expel Iraq from Kuwait Coalition began air

campaign against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

1992 Report Iraq using front companies in Jordan and Switzerland to get around sanctions Saddam also

had fund that sustained him and family

1992 During election Campaign Bush said Gulf War a success Predicted downfall of Saddam White

House spokesman called for Iraqis to overthrow govt

1995 UN asked Iran to relocate 4,000 Shiite refugees away from border which Iraq had claimed was

being used for base for attacks

1997 During peace talks PUK and KDP agreed to stop displacing rivals from towns and allow

displaced to return home

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 UN inspectors found 12 missile warheads that could carry WMD not included in Iraq’s 2002

weapons declaration

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 PM Blair told cabinet 2nd UN resolution was not necessary for military action against Iraq even

though he was told it was

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2003 Future Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA) head Garner

met with Rumsfeld and Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Feith Rumsfeld said no coordination of postwar planning Told Garner he needed to consult with different agencies and coordinate postwar plans Garner said in WWII US spent years planning for postwar situation and he was only given a few weeks for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq Only 3 of 13 Reconstruction Contracts Were Signed Before War)

2003 CIA received docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal Sent to State Dept to be translated

Turned out to be fakes

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 UnderSecDef Feith memo to Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq-Syria pipeline should be kept open after

invasion to see whether Syria would cooperate with US

2004 US military spokesman Gen Kimmit talked about allegations and investigations into Abu

Ghraib prison abuse

2004 30,000 Protested in Basra against U.S. installing an unelected provincial govt

2004 Report Shiite religious leaders on Iraqi Governing Council wanted to end Saddam family laws

that protected women’s rights and replace them with Sharia based ones Women protested move

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Women Before And After The 2003 Invasion Interview With Prof Nadje Al-Ali Univ of London)

2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi assassinated by Al Qaeda in Iraq for talking with US

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2007 Bush said that his Iraq policy was heading for slow failure and that’s why he chose new

policy with Surge

2012 Baghdad complained to Turkey’s ambassador about Ankara accusing PM Maliki of spreading

sectarianism Turkey did same to Iraq’s ambassador to Ankara

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, January 15, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 15

 

1923 UK Treasury wrote Iraq commission that Iraq too costly to administer

1929 Sir Henry Dobbs said King Faisal was like a chameleon and drove those around him mad

1935 Persia presented border dispute to League of Nations Challenged Iraq’s control of Shatt al-

Arab

1948 New Anglo-Iraqi Treaty signed British troops withdrew but Iraq tied to UK until 1973 Led to

more protests

1948 Anglo-Iraq Treaty originally included Iraq supplying weapons to Palestinians and Iraqi forces

taking over Palestine to prevent Jewish state

1981 Iraqi division in Halabja crossed into Iran and took Nosud Valley Meant to protect Kurdistan

from any Iranian attack

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Saddam went to Riyadh and got approval for oil pipeline through Saudi Arabia to diversify

            export routes during war

1987 Iraq launched 5 counterattacks at Sumar Heights Basra but failed Suffered 1500 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1987 Saddam held meeting on Iran Op Karbala 5 Replaced commanders due to Iranian advances

1988 Iran Op Bait al-Moqaddas 2 attacked Chwarta Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Jordanian audit of Ahmed Chalabi’s Petra Bank found its loans were not being paid back Its books

were faked Found series of indsider deals Was paying for Chalabi apartment and ranch in US 

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1991 Bush issued NSD 54 saying US wanted immediate withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait restore

Kuwait govt protect Americans security in Persian Gulf

1991 NSD 54 Included defending Saudi Arabia Stop Iraq from firing missiles destroy Iraq’s WMD

and command and control Destroy Republican Guard Drive Iraq from Kuwait Break will of Iraqi forces Encourage defection of Iraqi forces Weaken Iraqi public support for Saddam NSD 54 said that if Iraq used WMD, supported terrorism against U.S. or destroyed Kuwait’s oil fields Saddam should be removed

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Saddam added Allah Akbar to Iraqi flag

1991 UK PM Major said Saddam might become a target of his own people

1994 Iraq upset with inspectors and sanctions tire dot limit UN flights within the country

1998 After Iraq refused to cooperate again UN inspection team left Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 CIA told White House that paper on Iraq should say Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 PM Blair said 2nd UN resolution not necessary for use of force against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld okayed more aggressive patrols over Iraq no fly zones and attacks on Iraq

air defense in prep for invasion

2003 Bush received 1st brief on postwar Iraq plans from NSC’s Abrams Went over humanitarian

aid Emphasized feeding public Abrams said money had to secretly be sent to aid groups that would work in Iraq because they didn’t want to be seen supporting war Said Oil for Food program would be maintained after invasion to feed public Said that 2 mil Iraqis might be displaced during invasion Plans made irrelevant when Pentagon given control of postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 2 The Agencies Engage)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 NSC officials went to military to make sure things like health centers weren’t bombed during

invasion

2003 Bush thought humanitarian aid after war very important Thought could change image of US

in Middle East

2003 Aid groups that met with USAID about postwar Iraq plans asked to meet with Pentagon

leadership Nothing happened

2004 Shiites demonstrated calling for direct elections for new Iraqi govt

2004 Report up to 100 Hezbollah fighters in Iraq helping Iranian intelligence

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2004 Gen Craddock Def Sec Rumsfeld’s military aide and dir Joint Chiefs Adm Keating emailed

summary of CD with photos of abuse at Abu Ghraib prison

2006 UK Gen Houghton said US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey returned from US and got backing for his plan to

transition to Iraqi control and withdraw US troops Houghton said transition to Iraqi control highlighted all the problems in the country

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq created Mujahedeen Shura Council to try to cooperate with other insurgent

groups Shura Council was in part created due to Al Qaeda’s suggestion Zarqawi include more Iraqis in his jihad

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Army of the Victorious joined Mujahedeen Shura Council

2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi met with PM Jaafari Amb Khalilzad Gen Casey

Anbar Gov Alwani Convinced PM to allow Iraqi police to recruit local tribesmen

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After the Awakening Pt X, 2005-09 Governor Mamoun Alwani)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2006 US announced more than 2000 military police would work with Iraqi police in the field as

advisers during Year of the Police

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

2006 Report $18.6 bil US approved for reconstruction in 2003 would be spent by end of 2006

Foreign govts provided only fraction of what they promised Japan pledged $5 bil in reconstruction funds in 2003 Delivered less than 50% of that Saudi Arabia and Kuwait pledged $1 bil and gave less than 10% Spain England S Korea UAE Italy Canada owed more than $100 mil each for their 2003 promises for reconstruction funds

2007 Report US military worried PM Maliki named Gen Qanbar to head new Baghdad Ops

Command Was from southern Iraq and hardly known by US

2008 SecState Rice told Talabani Barzani Hashemi Mahdi that PM Maliki not problem they were

because they controlled more votes 

2009 Report Iran wanted to increase economic ties with Iraq after it signed Status of Forces

Agreement with US Offered $1 bil loan Wanted to boost trade

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2014 Bodies of 14 Sunni men found in Tarmiya day after they were kidnapped by men in ISF

uniforms and vehicles

2018 2 suicide bombers central Baghdad left 143 casualties Last major mass casualty bombing in

Baghdad was Feb 2017 car bomb that left 125 casualties

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jan 15-21, 2018)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, January 14, 2021

Iraqi Govt Can’t Get Its Numbers Right On Poverty

(Baghdad Post)
Iraq’s current economic crisis has led to millions of its citizens to fall into poverty. The problem is the government has been inconsistent about what the current rate is. On January 4 for instance, a financial advisor to Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kazemi said that poverty had reached 30% of the population. He blamed COVID for more than 2 million families falling into this situation. The day before however the Planning Ministry had the figure at 40% of Iraq or 16.6 million people. The week before a spokesman for the Planning Ministry went with 30%. So who was right? It appears the higher number is how badly the nation is doing right now. As early as May the Planning Ministry announced the poverty rate had hit 40% due to the drop in oil prices and COVID.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 14

 

1951 Grenade thrown at Baghdad synagogue 4 killed 10 wounded 4th of 7 such attacks on

Jews 1950-51

1959 Govt suspended Popular Resistance Force in Kurdistan Was controlled by Barzanis who used

it against local sheikhs

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1968 After Barzani sent letter to Paris protesting against proposed French-Iraq arms deal

French parliament said it wouldn’t sell weapons to Iraq out of fear they would be used against Kurds

1991 Saddam called on Iraqis to fight to the death to hold Kuwait

1991 Intel chief Gen Samarrie told Saddam Iraq would be hard pressed in war Had bad defensive

positions and forces exposed

1991 Saddam said Iraq could take casualties and U.S. could not

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

1991 Report Iraq got uranium from France Russia Portugal Nigeria Argentina Brazil Italy for its bomb

program Needed enrichment plant for weapon Germany UK US sold it equipment for program Set up front companies and invested in others to get equipment Didn’t have enough centrifuges Didn’t have workable plan to build bomb light enough for missile

1992 Iraq admitted to UN inspectors that it was trying to enrich uranium to build a nuclear bomb

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1992 Kurds attacked Baath offices in Baghdad killing 36

1999 Tariq Aziz questioned legitimacy of Iraq-Kuwait border Was condemned by UN

1999 ABC reported on Dec 98 meeting with Iraqi intelligence officer and bin Laden False story

2002 UK Def Min analysis said weaknesses of INC outweighed its strengths

2003 Bush told press time running out for Saddam

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2003 Bush met Polish Pres Kwasniewski Said he would support US in war but asked about consequences

2003 UK Attn Gen Goldsmith told PM Blair that 2nd UN resolution was needed to have legal

justification for war with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2004 Gen Sanchez ordered investigation of abuses at Abu Ghraib prison

2004 US troops killed 2 civilians at anti-American protest in Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2007 Dep PM Salah said that insurgents were stealing around $1 bil a year from the Baiji refinery

2007 UK Gen Lamb said PM Maliki picked Gen Qanbar to head Baghdad Ops Command That he was a

professional respected and non-sectarian US questioned Aboud as being an unknown

2008 PM Maliki met with Presidency Council They told him he needed to reform govt consult with

them more get rid of some ministers and replace them with technocrats Warned there would be no confidence vote to remove him if didn’t act

2008 Defense Minister Qadir said that Iraq couldn’t take responsibility for internal security until 2012

and wouldn’t be able to defend its borders until at least 2018

2008 KDP said it opposed forming Sahwa units in disputed territories Said Peshmerga and Asayesh were

enough

2008 Report US began vocational training for Sahwa because so few of them would be hired by govt

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2009 Report New Iranian Ambassador to Iraq Danafar was a member of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards

            Quds Force

(Musings On Iraq New Iranian Ambassador To Iraq Confirmed As Revolutionary Guards Member)

2010 Election Comm approved Accountability and Justice Comm banning of 500 candidates

before March parliamentary vote

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Election Commission Okays Ban On Mutlaq And Others From 2010 Vote)

(Musings On Iraq The Continuing Saga Of The Candidate Banning In Iraq)

2010 Joint U.S.-Iraqi-Peshmerga patrols announced for Mosul to increase cooperation between

Baghdad and Irbil on security

(Musings On Iraq Joint Iraq-Peshmerga-U.S. Patrols Begin In Disputed Territories)

2011 12 ISI members escaped from prison in Basra Prisoners had help from prison and intelligence

officials

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Forces Suspected In Escape Of Al Qaeda Officials Form Basra Prison)

2012 Bombings of Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen left 190 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2012 Turkey’s Foreign Min Sinirlioglu visited Pres Barzani in Irbil without going to Baghdad

2013 PM Maliki released 300 prisoners in concession to Sunni protests

View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, January 13, 2021

Review Iraqi Statesman, A portrait of Mohammed Fadhel Jamali

Almond, Harry, Iraqi Statesman, A portrait of Mohammed Fadhel Jamali, Salem: Grosvenor Books, 1993


 

Mohammed Jamali had humble beginnings growing up in Baghdad under the Ottomans. What changed his life was going to a secular school that opened the door to a university education, international travel and then joining the Iraqi government under the monarchy where he worked in the Education Ministry, was the Foreign Minister several times and even held the prime ministership for a short period. Iraqi Statesman, A portrait of Mohamed Fadhel Jamali is a biography of his life by a friend Harry Almond. Despite the sympathetic view Almond did do his research into Iraqi history to back up what he wrote. Almond portrays Jamali as a committed educator and Iraqi nationalist who wanted Arab countries to gain their independence and unite.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 13

 

1916 Ottomans retreated 10 mil up Tigris after defeat of Battle of Sheikh Saad and were

beaten again by British at Battle of Wadi

1968 6 ministers from Pres Arif’s govt resigned after anti-govt protests demanded return to

democracy

1972 Bakr govt said it would take power away from Iraq Petroleum Company

1983 Report China was supplying both Iraq and Iran with weapons during Iran-Iraq War

1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 Used night attack to advance 2 miles towards Basra city Caused 1000 Iraqi

casualties Iran accused Iraq of using poison gas to repulse attack Iranian casualties so high called for volunteers

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1987 Iran started Op Karbala 6 in Qasr-e-Shirin central Iran to divert Iraqi forces from Basra Goal

was to seize Mandali Diyala Freed 100 sq mi of Iranian land

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 UN Sec Gen deCuellar went to Baghdad to try to avert Gulf War

1993 US UK and France carried out air and missile strikes on Iraq for not cooperating with UN

inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1994 US UK French planes bombed Amara Basra Najaf Samawa Talil to knock out air defense

systems and telecommunications Missed ½ the targets 19 killed

1998 Iraqis objected to UN inspectors having too many Americans and British and refused

cooperation until team changed

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

2003 Bush met Saudi Amb Bandar Gave assurance that US would remove Saddam

2003 Bush told Sec State Powell he’d decided on war and needed his support Powell said he would back

president Powell reminded Bush that if US invaded Iraq it would have to run the country

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2003 Sec State Powell decided he had to play out diplomacy with Iraq at UN despite Bush’s decision to

go to war

2003 NSA Dir Adm Hayden ordered decentralization of intel so that it could be distributed to

combat units during Iraq invasion

2003 PM Blair TV speech said Iraq could give WMD to terrorists and US and UK could act against Iraq

without 2nd UN resolution

2003 Lord Goldsmith told PM Blair and Foreign Sec Straw that there needed to be a 2nd UN resolution

against Iraq to go to war

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 State Dept intel analyst told other analysts Iraq-Niger uranium docs were probably fake 2

CIA analysts said they saw problems with docs but didn’t think they were fakes

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 UnderSecDef Feith called ex-Gen Jay Garner to run postwar Iraq and he accepted 2 months

before invasion

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 IAEA head El Baradei said inspectors needed a few months to finish work in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2004 US soldier in 800th Military Police reported abuse by his unit at Abu Ghraib prison and

handed over photos

2004 CPA meeting decided it had to push forward with its sovereignty transition plan despite

Ayatollah Sistani’s objections

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2005 Fmr Sec State Baker said US occupation of Iraq undermined US support for war and made

US look imperialist in Middle East

2005 Ayatollah Sistani representative assassinated in Baghdad

2005 US National Intelligence Council Iraq became new terrorist training ground in world

replacing Afghanistan

2006 Report after US forces handed over Saddam palace in Tikrit in Nov 2005 Iraqi forces and

Salahaddin officials looted facilities

2008 Sadrists Iraqiya, National Dialogue List signed agreement to maintain national control of Iraq’s oil

and oppose independent Kurdish oil contracts Nothing came of agreement

2009 Spec Insp Gen Iraq Recon report Found projects over budget little oversight potential of

projects unfulfilled Warned Iraqis not willing or capable of maintaining many US funded projects KBR worked on $146 mil project to improve gas plants in south Brought rotors for gas compressors but didn’t install them Iraqis had no plans to install rotors Plant working at under capacity as a result Jan 05 Iraq ordered KBR to stop project to improve loading arms at Basra Oil Terminal Didn't want project and didn’t maintain improvements KBR made at facility US built power plant in Baghdad that Iraqis abandoned because turbines broke because Iraqis couldn’t operate them

(Musings On Iraq Iraqis Unwilling Or Incapable Of Maintaining U.S. Reconstruction Projects)

2010 Joint Iraq-Peshmerga-US checkpoints opened in Diyala’s disputed territories to increase

cooperation amongst parties

(Musings On Iraq Joint Iraq-Peshmerga-U.S. Patrols Begin In Disputed Territories)

2014 Tribal Military Council tried to unite all the insurgent groups in Fallujah

2018 Dawa announced members could run separate in elections PM Abadi formed Nasr VP Maliki

would run with State of Law

(Musings On Iraq It’s Official PM Abadi and VP Maliki Will Run Separately In 2018 Elections)

(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Tuesday, January 12, 2021

Security In Iraq Jan 1-7, 2021


Violence remained largely unchanged in Iraq from December to the first week of January 2021. There were a reported 21 incidents from January 1-7. Two of those were by pro-Iran groups leaving 19 by the Islamic State. The last full week of December there were just 9 attacks by the insurgents but the first two weeks of the month there were 19 incidents each.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 12

 

1921 Churchill wrote Sir Percy Cox asking him what he thought of Faisal

1921 Churchill to Lord Curzon said that Faisal might be best man to be Iraq’s monarch

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

1968 Baghdad Univ student strike demanded return to parliamentary govt and elections led

by Baath and Communists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1973 After 8th Baath Party Congress Bakr govt said it would reach out to western countries while

maintaining ties with Soviets

1987 Saddam started 3rd War of the Cities in retaliation for Iran’s Op Karbala 5 Iraqi air force stopped

ground support ops in Basra and attacks upon Gulf shipping to focus upon Iranian cities

1987 Iraq Def Min Khairallah authorized used of WMD to repel Iran Op Karbala 5 in Basra

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Bush administration authorized by Congress to use force to make Iraq withdraw from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1993 Clinton gave interview with NYTimes Said if Iraq wanted better relations Saddam needed

            to change way he acted

1998 1st day new UN inspections went to General Security HQ and Abu Ghraib prison looking for

docs on WMD tests on prisoners from 1994-95

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 State Dept intel analyst sent email to intel community arguing that Niger docs were fakes

2003 State Dept told White House docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal were fakes

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 IAEA said it would be hard to believe that Iraq was hiding a complete nuclear weapons program

IAEA head El Baredei said provisional conclusion aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for rockets not centrifuges

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2006 UK Embassy in Iraq argued for high level talks with Sadrists to push them towards greater political

engagement and role in new Iraqi govt

2006 Gen Peterson head of US training mission said that 200,000 Iraqi police would finish courses

by end of 2006 in what was dubbed Year of the Police

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Report Albu Mahal tribe in Qaim west Anbar turned on Al Qaeda in Iraq and formed Desert

Protection Force to fight it

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After The Awakening Pt IX: Sheikh Sabah Aziz Of The Albu Mahal)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2006 Report US hoping to exploit splits between insurgency and Al Qaeda in Iraq

2008 Accountability and Justice Commission replaced deBaathification Commission

(Musings On Iraq New DeBaathification Law)

2008 145 MPs from Iraqiya Sadrists part of Dawa National Dialogue Front and others said they were

against turning over Kirkuk to Kurds

2009 4 MPs from Independent Democratic Gathering left Iraqi Accordance Front National Dialogue

Council and Independent Bloc already left list accusing Iraqi Islamic Party of domination

(Musings On Iraq Who Speaks For The Sunnis?)

2009 Report Many sheikhs in Anbar were having their wives run as candidates in 09 elections to

meet quota for women candidates Meant weren’t serious about having women win seats Wife of Sheikh Hayes of Awakening running as candidate Said she didn’t want to but did it for her husband

2009 Report Security better in Mahmudiya, Baghdad that used to be battleground Had no services

ISF were working with militias

2009 Pres Barzani interview Said PM Maliki was becoming authoritarian

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2010 US Amb Hill met with PM Maliki over banning of Sulah al-Mutlaq from 2010 elections by

Accountability & Justice Comm Hill said no grounds for banning Mutlaq as he’d already served in parliament Maliki accused Mutlaq or working with Baathists in Syria in a conspiracy against him Claimed he was powerless to stop the ban

2011 Kuwait Premier and Foreign Affairs Min arrived in Baghdad for first high level meet between

2 countries since 1990

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, January 11, 2021

Iraqi Army Intervenes To Protect Nasiriya Protesters From Police

(Al Hurra)


In an unexpected turn of events on January 10 an army unit arrived in Nasiriya, Dhi Qar to protect demonstrators from the police who were trying to force them out of Haboubi Square. The soldiers ended up shooting at the police
killing one. Protests returned to the square on January 7 in response to a government arrest campaign against activists.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 11

 

1258 Mongols began siege of Baghdad Would eventually kill the entire population of the city

1917 Start of Battle of Hai salient between British and Ottomans

1928 Abdul Sadoun become premier for 3rd time Replaced Askari who was forced to resign over

opposition to his conscription plan for army Were 14 govts under Mandate

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1972 Kurds started rebellion against govt with support of US, Iran, Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1999 Newsweek report Iraq and Al Qaeda had meetings

2003 UK naval task force left for Persian Gulf for Iraq invasion

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers met Saudi Amb to US Bandar to get Saudi

support for invasion Bandar told Rumsfeld and Gen Myers he needed Bush’s word to get Saudi support

2003 CIA report Iraqi missile brigade outside Baghdad given missiles to hide from UN inspectors

some with WMD agents Report used in Sec State Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech

2004 Ayatollah Sistani rejected CPA’s plans for transition to Iraqi sovereignty and constitution

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 PM Blair told BBC he didn’t know whether he was wrong or not about Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Kurdish party headquarters bombed in Kirkuk city

2004 Fmr Treasury Sec O’Neill said Bush admin was focused upon Saddam from when it entered

office Jan 2001

2006 Supreme Council head Hakim ruled out any substantive changes to Iraqi constitution

Blamed US and Sunni parties for insurgency claiming they encouraged terrorism

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

2006 Spanish police broke up recruiting network that raised money and sent fighters to Iraq in

coordination with Al Qaeda in Iraq

2007 Sec State Rice announced provincial reconstruction teams to head new US civilian effort to

rebuild Iraq’s govt economy and civil society to aid Surge

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

2007 US arrested 5 Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force operatives in Irbil as part of new US crackdown

on Iranians Were trying to arrest Jafari deputy head of Iran’s NSC and Gen Frouzanda head of IRGC intelligence Sec State Rice warned Iran and Syria to stop destabilizing Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2007 KRG complained about raid Jafari and Frouzanda had invitations from Pres Talabani and

were to meet Pres Barzani

2007 Joint Chief head Gen Pace accused Iran of sending weapons to Iraq that were killing US

soldiers

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2007 Dawa and ISCI MPs voiced opposition to US troop Surge

2008 Report Unpublished UN paper said 1000s detained in KRG for political crimes Govt contracts

given to political allies and friends in patronage networks

2010 US general said 10,000 Sahwa had gotten jobs in ISF and 30,000 were employed in ministries

Left 78,000 unintegrated

(Musings On Iraq More Sons of Iraq Integrated While Others Walk Off The Job In Diyala)

2011 State of Law head of Baghdad council wrote law banning alcohol sales in province under

Islamic Law Police started raiding bars and clubs selling alcohol including Iraqi Writers Union

2016 After suicide bombing at café Hashd killed Sunnis burned mosques shops and homes in

Muqdadiya for several days

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Diyala Province Explodes In Sectarian Violence After Islamic State Bombing)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2018 Alliances for 2018 parliamentary elections announced Nishtiman 3 Kurdish opposition

parties Abadi Nasr list with ISCI Sunni alliances Speaker Jabouri VP Allawi Mutlaq lead one VP Nujafi Jamal Karbuli Khamis Khanjar the other 20 pro-Iran Hashd led by Badr’s Amiri formed Fatah Hakim’s Hikmat and Sadr along with Communists running separately

(Musings On Iraq Alliances Announced For Iraq’s 2018 Elecctions)

(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2020 Trump threatened to freeze Iraq’s $35 bil in oil revenues deposited in US bank

(Musings On Iraq US Increases Threats Against Iraq If It Forces US Troops To Leave)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

  1974 Bakr govt held talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP ( Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History ) ( Mus...