Saturday, April 4, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 4


1927 UK official wrote Foreign Sec Chamberlain saying UK got Mosul by trick Promised 25 yr Iraq
Mandate Now pushing Iraq independence
1939 King Ghazi’s death publicly announced PM Said resigned
1941 UK called new Gaylani govt illegal and distributed copies of message by Regent to resist
1941 Ultra intel in UK intercepted message from Italian amb in Tehran that Rome and Berlin were
going to send arms to Iraq via Syria
1941 UK Chiefs of Staff asked Middle East cmdr Gen Wavell how many troops he could spare for
Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 coup)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1948 Port of Basra strike against Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1980 Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr arrested in Najaf by Saddam
1981 Iran bombed Iraq’s H3 airbase near Syria Destroyed 23 planes and 4 helicopters 15 other planes
damaged 6 senior Iraqi officers were executed after raid 
1981 Iran said it wouldn’t negotiate a ceasefire with Saddam
1981 Head of US Interests Section in Iraq said that US and Iraq were growing closer
1983 Iraq offered 1 day ceasefire in order to clean up oil spill Iran rejected offer
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 Report Iraq working on nuclear bomb Imported equipment from western companies 1984 ex-Italian
intel officers indicted for trying to sell plutonium and yellowcake to Iraq 1987 France offered to rebuild Osirak nuclear reactor 1985-88 Iraq might have built isotope plant Saudis said to be funding program
1991 Report Pres Bush gave CIA okay to support opposition in Iraq led to creation of Voice of Free Iraq
radio station run by Saudis during Gulf War Didn’t allow support for 91 uprising
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
(Musings On Iraq book review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)
1991 Britain offered $37 mil in humanitarian aid to Kurds
1991 Turkey said it couldn’t support Kurdish refugees flowing into country so shut border 10,000 crossed
into Turkey 80,000 held at border
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2002 UK intel officials claimed that PM Blair decided that WMD and Saddam were not good argument for
going to war in Iraq
2003 3rd Inf Div captured Saddam International Airport in Baghdad Fedayeen counterattack turned
back Took 3 days to clear airport Saddam finally accepted US would attack Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 US forces sent to southern Baghdad to destroy Republican Guard units but they fled instead of
fighting
2003 Saddam appeared on Iraqi TV touring Baghdad neighborhood
2003 Information Minister Sahaf finally admitted US forces were in Baghdad at airport
2003 US forces hit by female suicide car bomb at Haditha Dam Women had made video beforehand aired on Al Jazeera
2003 PM Blair sent letter to Iraqi people saying Saddam would fall and Coalition would not be in Iraq
longer than necessary
2003 Power surge knocked out most of the electricity in Baghdad Would be out for weeks after war over
2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said US wanted a democratic Iraq with no WMD that would not be threat to
neighbors
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2004 Sadrists rose up in Baghdad Najaf Kut Karbala Kufa Nasiriya against US Ambushed US patrol in Sadr
City killing 8 Americans
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)
2004 80% of one Iraqi National Guard battalion and 70% of another deserted in Baghdad in 1st day of
fighting Mahdi Army
2004 40% of police in Najaf and Kut fled when Sadrists rose up in 2 cities
2004 Fighting between Mahdi Army and Spanish in Najaf left 200 Iraqi casualties
2004 Polish battalion held Karbala city hall but rest of city fell to Mahdi Army
2004 Italian governor of Dhi Qar made deal with Mahdi Army to stay in base while militia took Nasiriyah
2004 CPA created Ministerial Committee for National Security in Iraqi govt
2004 UN special envoy Brahimi arrived in Iraq to help put together interim govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2004 Operation Vigilant Resolve launched by Marines starting 1st battle of Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2005 Outgoing Inter Min Naqib warned US if SCIRI got Inter Min would fill it with Badr militiamen which
it did
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 Report Inter Min refused to deploy any police trained by US-UK mission in last 3 months because
didn’t control recruits
2007 Report US arrested Sadrist Dep Health Min Zamili in Feb Accused of taking kickbacks for equipment
orders at ministry with money funneled to Sadrists 15 warrants for ministers for corruption not served MP Jabouri in hiding accused of stealing $7 mil for pipeline security force he created Allawi Defense Min Shaalan facing $1 bil in corruption charges
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2008 PM Maliki said he would stop raids against Sadrists
2008 PM Maliki said he didn’t negotiate ceasefire with Sadr but Iran did
2008 PM Maliki said he would recruit 10,000 local tribesmen into security forces in Basra
            after Charge of Knights
2008 Report PM Maliki integrated 10,000 Dawa and Badr members into army
2008 Report 30% of soldiers went AWOL during Charge of Knights in Basra Mahdi Army was supplied by
            Iran during fight
2008 Report National Intel Estimate said that Surge decreased violence but security fragile Insurgents still
capable of large attacks Slow progress towards reconciliation
2008 Pres Talabani banned PUK members from criticizing govt in media or could be expelled Came after
PUK accused of corruption and power struggles
2009 PM Maliki said that Baathists and ISI had infiltrated Sahwa
2009 Sahwa leader in Baghdad said govt was out to destroy Sahwa
(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)
2009 Sheikh Abu Risha said he would run with State of Law in provincial elections
(Musings On Iraq Anbar’s Forgotten Sheikh)
(Musings On Iraq Anbar Sheikhs Reach Out To Shiites)
2010 3 car bombs on Iranian Egyptian and German Embassies in Baghdad killed 41
2011 Baghdad Operations Command accused Harith al-Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Association of
assassinations in Baghdad
2011 Day of Dignity protests in Baghdad
2011 Opposition parties walked out of KRG parliament when Peshmerga and Interior ministers refused to
appear for questioning over treatment of Sulaymaniya protests
2011 Sulaymaniya protesters called on KRG government to resign
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)
2012 Dep PM Shahristani told Kirkuk governor had to stop oil smuggling to KRG
2012 State of Law MP accused Kurds of trying to prevent army from buying new equipment
2012 PM Maliki sent envoy to try to improve ties with Turkey but failed
2013 Turkey said it was willing to split payments of oil exports between Baghdad and Irbil
2015 Great Tikrit Mosque set on fire after city freed Tribes demanded Hashd withdraw from area
2016 Kurdish Alliance said it would not vote on any ministers it didn’t nominate
2016 Allawi said if new govt was to be nonpartisan than PM Abadi had to resign too along with his cabinet
2017 Kirkuk council called for referendum to integrate province into KRG
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)
(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)
2018 Pres Masum filed lawsuit over 2018 budget saying it violated the constitution

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, April 3, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 3


1929 Shah and King Faisal passed notes that legal barriers over Persian nationals In Iraq had been
lifted
1939 King Ghazi died in car accident King Faisal II took power but was only 3 His cousin Abd al-Ilah
chosen to rule in his place
1939 Ger Amb to Iraq Gobba spread rumors that England behind Ghazi’s death Led to riot in Mosul that
sacked British consulate and killed consular
1941 Golden Square officers picked Gaylani to become PM for 3rd time Started arresting pro-British
politicians
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 British War Office asked commander in Middle East what forces available for Iraq after Golden
Square military coup
1941 Nazi Germany sent letter saying it supported the Golden Square coup and would lend military aid
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 coup)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1965 Army and KDP clashed in Sulaymaniya killing 60
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1969 Communist militant Hajj who tried and failed at armed revolt in 1968 appeared on Baghdad TV
attacked his group and denounced the Communists Was appointed Iraq’s representative to UNESCO in Paris as reward
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1970 Def Min Tikriti Inter Min Ammash named co-VPs under Pres Bakr to try to end rivalry between two
for power
1991 Army captured Sulaymaniya last major town held by Kurdish rebels after Gulf War
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1991 Saddam told aides that Iraqi army was psychologically defeated by Gulf War and that was why
Shiites and Kurds rose up against govt
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s view of 1991 uprisings)
1991 UN Resolution 687 said Iraq had to agree to border with Kuwait peacekeeping force along that
border and Coalition forces would exit southern Iraq Said Iraq had to destroy its WMD and long range missiles Said Iraq had to make a declaration on its WMD and nuclear programs by 4/17/91 Said that UN Secretary General would create a weapons inspection commission by 5/17/19 Said Iraq had to return stolen property pay reparations to Kuwait Until all of those were met sanctions would remain
2003 Baath officials began fleeing Baghdad
2003 Sadrists held march in east Baghdad
2003 US forces reached Baghdad international airport
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 Information Minister Sahaf denied U.S. had taken Karbala or Um Qasr in Basra and said all those
stories were lies
2003 Power cut in Baghdad
2003 British forces made deep thrust into Basra City
2004 US arrested Sadr’s deputy Mustafa Yacoubi for murder of Sheikh Abdul Khoei
(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)
2004 Sadr said that he wanted to unite with Hezbollah and Hamas
2004 Sec State Powell said US intelligence gave him questionable intelligence about Iraq mobile WMD
labs
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
2004 Marines ordered to go into Fallujah and arrest culprits behind killing Blackwater contractors became
Op Vigilant Resolve
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2007 Integrity Comm head Radhi said Iraq lost $8 bil since 2004 due to corruption $2 bil for electricity
disappeared Fmr Electricity Min Samarraie convicted of corruption but fled Iraq for US Radhi said ministers blocking investigations into $55 mil in missing funds
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2007 Report 8 Mahdi Army commanders dismissed for insubordination and crimes
2008 PM Maliki officially extended Charge of Knights op against Mahdi Army to Sadr City
2008 Sadr said he would help govt clear ISF of militias
2008 Iraqi special forces arrested head of Thar Allah party claiming it was stealing govt property and
behind violence
2008 UK Cabinet officials reported PM Maliki had not told UK about Charge of Knights beforehand
Excluded UK military for command center Then blamed UK for not helping ISF when it ran into problems in Basra
2008 RAND’s Kelly told Senate Iraqis probably wouldn’t reconcile for a generation US couldn’t
achieve all of its goals in Iraq because didn’t have capabilities Questioned whether Iraq could become functioning democracy
2012 Kurds accused Shiite parties in Baghdad of smuggling oil to Israel via Jordan after Dep PM
Shahristani accused KRG of smuggling oil to Iran
2012 Sistani rep in Hillah had house bombed in wave of attacks against Ayatollah’s followers
2012 Obama called PM Maliki about Iran flying weapons to Syria via Iraqi airspace
2014 Sadr said PM Maliki should not run for 3rd term as premier
2015 Salahaddin council called on Sistani to intervene to stop burning and looting in Tikrit
2015 Head of Salahaddin council said Hashd were looting and burning buildings in Tikrit
2015 VP Nujafi complained about looting and burning homes in Tikrit
2015 PM Abadi ordered ISF to arrest anyone breaking law in Tikrit
2015 Sistani reps Friday sermon called for ending of looting in Tikrit
2015 Police said there had been clashes between soldiers and Hashd to stop them from looting in Tikrit

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, April 2, 2020

Violence Drops In Iraq In March 2020


Violence dropped in Iraq perhaps because of the coronavirus outbreak. The Islamic State for instance, initially said that its fighters should not travel to different areas during the pandemic. Whatever the case might be there were far fewer incidents likely carried out by the group. Pro-Iran Hashd forces however increased their attacks on U.S. forces and personnel in March.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 2


1941 Regent of Iraq arrived at UK airbase at Habaniya Anbar after Golden Square officers tried to
arrest him after coup Regent tried and failed to organize resistance to coup in Basra Then fled to Jordan
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 coup)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1946 National Democratic Party and Istiqlal/Independence Party licensed Became major opposition parties
during monarchy
1975 Iraq army sealed border with Iran and declared Kurdish revolt over Mustafa Barzani and 150,000
Kurds fled to Iran 1972-75 some 17,000 killed and 280,000 displaced during Kurdish rebellion
(Musings On Iraq book review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)
(Musings On Iraq article on Nixon admin support for Kurdish revolt)
1980 Saddam said those killed in attack on Mustansiriya Univ Baghdad bombing would not be forgotten
1982 Dep Cmdr of Iran’s armed forces claimed end of Iran-Iraq War was near
1986 Khomeini called for all able bodied men to join armed forces to overthrow Saddam
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 Report Iraq wanted to double oil exports by end of yr to pay debts and rebuild after Iran-Iraq war
Analysts doubted capable because so oil dependent Lacked foreign exchange having spent most of it on war Paid little of its debt Inflation at 40% Imported most of its food Still spent large sums on military and nuclear bomb program
1990 Report personal typewriters were no longer illegal in Iraq but had to be registered with the govt
1990 Saddam threatened to use WMD against Israel if it was attacked 
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)
1991 State Dept U.S. never said that it was for removing Saddam
(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)
(Musings On Iraq book review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
1991 Turkey said that 30,000 Kurds had entered country and 220,00 more coming as Saddam put down
Kurdish revolt
1991 Iran and Turkey went to UN about Iraq’s suppression of Kurd and Shiite revolts and refugee crisis it
was creating
1991 Kurds began fleeing Sulaymaniya in face of govt offensive to retake it from Peshmerga
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2003 US forces took Karbala
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 Emergency meeting of Iraqi commanders Gen Hamdani asked to move Nida and Medina Divs south
to protect routes to Baghdad Qusay Hussein and Def Min Gen Hashim told Hamdani Saddam wanted to keep current position protecting Baghdad from main US attack coming from Jordan Saddam got that idea from Russian intel
(Musings On Iraq article on how Russia provided Iraq with intel on US invasion plans before war)
2003 1st Marine Division crossed Tigris River at Numaniya and destroyed Baghdad Republican Guard Div and moved north to destroy Nida Republican Guard Div
2003 US raid freed US POW Jessica Lynch from an Iraqi hospital
2003 Talabani said Peshmerga would not attack Kirkuk city to stave off criticism from US and Turkey
Kurds ended up taking city
(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In
2003)
2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld sent memo to military to cooperate with ORHA because wasn’t helping it
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)
2003 State Dept leaked complaints to LA Times about Pentagon’s postwar plans to exclude UN and
support Chalabi and INC
2004 Sadr gave angry speech against US occupation after CPA closed his newspaper
2004 Sadrists protested outside Green Zone demanding movement paper be re-opened
2004 Mahdi Army began marching in Sadr City as tensions with US grew
2004 Some Friday prayers in Fallujah condemned attack on Blackwater contractors in city
2004 Sec State Powell criticized US intel for giving him faulty claims about Iraq’s WMD for his Feb 03 UN
speech
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq launched suicide attack on Abu Ghraib prison starting battle for town
2006 Sec State Rice UK ForSec Straw told PM Jaafari he didnt have support and should step down Jaafari
said no
2006 US military reported 1313 Iraqi civilians killed in sectarian murders in March 2006 173 killed in
suicide bombings as civil war took off after Feb Samarra bombing
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 US Amb Khalilzad said militias should be disarmed Iraqi officials said that would create more
violence
2006 PM Jaafari said he would integrate militias into security forces to control them
2006 Fmr CENTCOM cmdr Gen  Zinni on Meet the Press said Iraq failure of strategic planning by US
(Musings On Iraq book review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)
(Musings On Iraq book review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)
2007 Ayatollah Sistani said he opposed US plan to reform deBaathification and allow former Baathists
back into govt Came after Sistani met with deBaathification Comm head Chalabi
2008 Retired Gen McCaffrey said ISI’s urban insurgency was defeated but that the war was unsustainable
for US
2008 Council on Foreign Relations’ Biddle told Senate US would have to stay in Iraq for a very long time
            to maintain stability
2008 Revenue Watch’s Said told Senate Iraq wasn’t using improved security to carry out any political
reforms Said ruling parties consolidating power and incapable of providing for public
2008 Center for a New American Security’s Flournoy told Senate couldn’t have any more security gains
without political reforms Surge made Iraqis believe in US not Baghdad Iraqi govt unwilling to make any changes and US didn’t have strategy to get Baghdad to change
2009 Arab Jabour Baghdad Sahwa leader arrested for killing ISI fighters as part of PM Maliki’s crackdown
on Sahwa
(Musings On Iraq Problems With Integrating Sons of Iraq Continue)
2010 PM Maliki said he was going to form alliance with Kurds and backed Talabani to remain as president
to form new govt
2010 Sadrists began referendum amongst followers to see who they wanted to be new premier
2010 PM Maliki talk with National Alliance failed as SIIC Hakim’s opposed Maliki’s 2nd term
2011 56 wounded in clashes between police and protesters in Sulaymaniya
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)
2012 Over 300 followers of Mahmoud Sarkhi arrested in Nasiriya
2012 Oil Min Luaibi claimed Exxon was halting work in KRG so that it could continue working with
central govt on oil industry Wasn't true
2012 Dep PM Shahristani accused Kurds of smuggling oil to Iran
2013 Insurgents attacked Akkas gas field in Anbar
2013 Gunmen in army uniforms attacked 4 independent newspaper offices in Baghdad Mahmoud Sarkhi
blamed
2013 Election Commission said provincial vote in Anbar and Ninewa would be delayed until May
2013 Sadrists said they would end cabinet boycott
2015 PM Abadi arrived in Tikrit after its liberation to make victory tour in city
2015 Sadr said brazen militias should be removed from Tikrit by ISF after stories of looting and burning
homes
2015 Hashd leader Muhandis said that any looting and abuses in Tikrit were done by locals not Hashd
2015 Guard in Tikrit said he counted more than 200 homes in Qadisiyah district destroyed after city’s
liberation
2016 Kurdish Alliance said it would not vote on Abadi’s new cabinet unless it got its quota of ministers

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 1


1941 PM Hashemi deposed in Golden Square officers coup after he tried to remove them Regent escaped to
Anbar with help of US Nuri al-Said and other pro-UK politicians fled Iraq Golden Square officers immediately thought UK ws plotting against them
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 coup)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1941 US and UK believed Iraq coup part of German plan in coordination with invasion of Balkans
and Libya It wasn’t
1975 Iraqi amnesty offer to Kurdish rebels and army deserters expired
1975 Iran closed border to Kurds fleeing Iraqi government offensive against them
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq book review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)
(Musings On Iraq article on Nixon admin support for Kurdish revolt)
1980 Mustansiriya Univ in Baghdad bombed by Islamic Action Organization in attempt on life of
Deputy PM Tariq Aziz Iraq blamed Iran
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1981 General uprising in Iranian Kurdistan backed by Iraq
1988 End of 2nd Anfal campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1989 Saddam held elections for new parliament as part of political reform after Iran-Iraq War 160 of 250
seats went to Baathists
1990 Saddam speech said if US supported Israeli attack on Iraq he would burn Israel
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)
1991 Peshmerga repelled govt attack to retake Sulaymaniya
1991 Saddam’s forces put down Kurdish revolt in Zakho
1991 Barzani said 3 mil Kurds had fled to northern mountains along Turkish border to escape govt attacks
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on 1st hand accounts of 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s view of 1991 Uprising)
(Ahulbayt Video on 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
2002 UK ambassador to US Meyer warned Bush thinking of war with Iraq by autumn but no postwar
plans
(Musings On Iraq article Chilcot Report Volume 2 Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Iraqi commander in south Gen Hamdani recalled to Baghdad Saddam told him real invasion was
coming from Jordan through Anbar
2003 US attacked Najaf Kut Samawa Hindiya Headed towards Hillah in Babil
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 3rd Infantry Div moved through Karbala Gap and destroyed Medina Republican Guard Div
2003 ORHA head Garner made 1 day trip to Um Qasr port 1st time in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)
2004 CPA adviser Larry Diamond told Bremer that there was a security vacuum in southern Iraq being
filled by militias
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2004 Mahdi Army attacked CPA compound in Nasiriya
2004 Gen Kimmitt promised to pacify Fallujah after Blackwater contractors killed
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 US intel officer told press regime change in Iraq could have been promoted as part of war on terror
but admin wanted to scare public using WMD
2005 Report White House and CIA leadership created environment where only threat of Iraq WMD
reports were acceptable
2007 PM Maliki told Integrity Commission head Radhi charges against ministers cabinet presidential
staffs had to be okayed by PM office as way to block investigations
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with anti-graft US official Vincent Foulk)
2007 Report VP Hashemi and Pres Talabani in talks with insurgents in Jordan Anbar Salahaddin Diyala
Talabani said insurgents came to govt for talks 1920 Revolution Brigades Islamic Army Jaish al-Rashideen Omar Brigades Rayat al-Sood talking about breaking with ISI
2007 Anbar Salvation Council in talks with tribes in Amiriya Fallujah to split from ISI
2007 Report Zoba tribes started fighting ISI Reports of clashes between Islamic Army and ISI in Dour
Samarra Tuz Kharmato and Dhiliya in Salahaddin 2 tribes fighting ISI in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
2008 PM Maliki sent 1st Quick Reaction Division from Anbar to Basra to restart Charge of Knights
offensive
2008 PM Maliki said 10,000 tribesmen in Basra would be organized into a Sons of Iraq program Would
become Tribal Support Council
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2008 PM Maliki praised Badr and Dawa militia for helping to fight Mahdi Army in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2008 PM Maliki promised jobs and better services after Charge of Knights in Basra
2009 National Reconciliation Committee said it began talks with Asaib Ahl Al-Haq
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
2009 Baghdad was supposed to take control of all Sahwa in Iraq from US forces
2010 Iran said it would host Iraqi parties that wanted to talk about forming new govt
2010 Gorran head Mustafa taken to court for defamation against Pres Talabani
2010 Iraqiya announced regional tour of Egypt Qatar Turkey Syrian and Iran to drum up support for
forming new govt
2011 Protests in Baghdad against corruption and demanded release of prisoners
2012 PM Maliki said that if Pres Assad lost power there would be problems throughout the Middle East
Condemned Gulf States arming Syrian rebels
2012 KRG halted oil exports for Baghdad over payment dispute
2012 VP Hashemi went to Qatar violating his arrest warrant
2013 ISI suicide truck bomb on Tikrit police station and govt center
2013 PUK said it would run independently of KDP in next KRG elections
2014 KRG said it would export oil for Baghdad to help with negotiations with central government over
industry but didn’t happen
2014 Kataib Hezbollah said that it was involved in Shjariya operation in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)
2015 Mopping up operations in Tikrit with small attacks in north
2015 UN received reports that govt forces looting Tikrit after it was liberated and burning homes
2015 Sadr complained about brazen militias and said any that broke law should be brought to justice
2015 IS video of Ninewa sheikhs giving it baya
2015 KRG was $17 bil in debt Couldn’t pay public workers Started large borrowing
2016 PM Abadi’s nominee for Oil Minister in new technocratic cabinet withdrew name saying no
consensus on changes
2016 PM Maliki faction of State of Law said it would only support partial cabinet change
2016 Kurdish Alliance said if Fin Min Zebari was replaced they would not vote on new cabinet
2016 Higher Educ Min Shahristani and Foreign Min Jaafari refused to step down for Abadi’s cabinet
changes
2016 Solution List complained that Abadi’s new cabinet was way to exclude some parties from power

View the Iraq History Timelines

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Review The Fall of Baghdad


Review Anderson, Jon Lee, The Fall of Baghdad, New York: Penguin Press, 2004

The Fall of Baghdad was written by Jon Lee Anderson who worked for the New Yorker. It was about his time he spent in Baghdad from 2002 before the U.S. invasion of Iraq until right afterward. The story reads like a journal of Anderson’s day to day activities waiting for the war to start, the Iraqis he met, and then the chaos that came afterward. Anderson was one of the few to report on what Iraqis were experiencing during this period and realized early on that they would not stand for a U.S. occupation.

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 31


1934 Iraqi Communist Party founded
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1941 Pan-Arab Golden Square officers decided to remove PM Hashemi in coup
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1981 Egypt began selling military equipment to Iraq in Iran-Iraq War
1985 Since Jan 1 in Tanker War Iraq hit 30 ships and Iran 7 in Persian Gulf
1985 UN Sec Gen arrived in Iran Told Iraqi air raids killed 1450 civilians and wounded 4000
1988 Iran claimed 44,000 of its troops suffered from Iraqi chemical attacks
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1989 Iraq exported oil for 1st time from Basra after Iran-Iraq War closed down ports
1989 Israel said Iraq embarked on crash course to build a nuclear bomb and a missile to deliver it
1991 Govt op to retake Sulaymaniya from Peshemerga began
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on 1st hand accounts of 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s view of 1991 Uprising)
(Ahulbayt Video on 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
2000 UN Res 1293 doubled amount of spare parts Iraq could import to maintain its oil industry under Oil
for Food program
2002 PM Blair offered a division and UK bases to US for invasion
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Saddam didn’t give televised speech as expected Instead Information Minister Sahaf did Called on
Iraqis to carry out suicide missions against the invaders
2003 1st car bomb in Iraq hit US checkpoint north of Najaf
2003 US forces engaged Fedayeen and Republican Guard south of Baghdad
2003 US forces launched raid on Shatra Dhi Qar after receiving information Chemical Ali Hassan al-
Majid was there
2003 British military believed it could start popular uprising in Basra to take city rather than having to
attack it
2003 Sir David Manning told British would have huge shortage of troops for postwar operations in Iraq
2003 UK Foreign Office official wrote For Sec Straw saying Iraqis mistrusted US and US occupation
would be humiliation and untenable
2003 Israeli Infrastructure Min Paritzky said he wanted to reopen Kirkuk-Haifa pipeline by end of 03
Based upon promises made by Chalabi before war he would get Iraq to export oil to Israel
(Musings On Iraq Book Review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld memo said important to create Iraqi interim authority as quickly as possible so
Iraqis were in power Had to pick pro-US Iraqis Said exiles could be core for new authority because they supported US goals in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2004 Insurgents ambushed Blackwater convoy and killed 4 contractors in Fallujah 2 were strung up on
bridge
2004 Bush gave CPA 48 hours to resolve Blackwater attack in Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Bush gave speech US would not give into violence in Iraq and fighting terrorism
2004 Sadrists marched to Green Zone in Baghdad to protest US occupation
2005 Silbermann-Robb report called US pre-war intel on Iraq one of largest intel failures in US
history US data on Iraq was worthless and analysis wrong US lacked significant new intel on Iraq WMD so relied on Gulf War and 90s UN inspections and extrapolated from them Relied upon Iraqi defectors that were lying and ignored problems with their stories Relied upon satellite photos that showed nothing substantive US intel claimed Iraq made WMD advances that were technically impossible US intel ignored reports that Iraq no longer had any WMD UN inspectors disproved most of US case against Iraq’s WMD but were ignored CIA had little on Iraq’s nuke program outside of aluminum tubes but became basis for Oct 02 National Intel Est on Iraq’s WMD Aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for rockets not centrifuges Example of misinterpretation by US Said aluminum tubes was a technical assessment which CIA failed at Went with assumptions rather than facts CIA never looked at Iraqi rockets to see whether they fit aluminum tubes CIA and DIA created theory on tubes that rejected all criticism Report found British and Australian intelligence didn’t believe aluminum tubes were for centrifuges
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 RAND study showed post-war planning for Iraq was inadequate and never considered security of
Iraqi public
2006 100 insurgents attacked Muqtadiya police headquarters Killed 19 police and freed 33 prisoners
2007 PM Maliki made 1st trip to Anbar and met with tribal leaders and provincial council who complained
about Baghdad’s neglect
2007 PM Maliki endorsed plan to relocate 1000s of Arabs settled in Kirkuk province during Arabization
program Said would get money and land for leaving Iraqiya opposed plan Never implemented
2007 1920 Revolution Brigades commander said ISI killed one of its leaders leaving it to either fight ISI
or work with US
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2008 Report 103 bodies killed by ISI found around Zahamm in Diyala River Valley When ISI first
entered village said they were opposing occupation Set up training camp and weapons caches Then began kidnapping and executing people who worked with ISF or didn’t follow rules like banning music smoking wearing the veil breaking curfew Extorted money from residents
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2008 PM Maliki said would continue to go after Mahdi Army in Basra that didn’t follow
            cease-fire
2008 Interior Min announced 1000s of police would be fired for refusing to fight Mahdi Army in Basra
Baghdad and cities in the south 2 army regiments refused to fight Mahdi Army in Baghdad
2008 Report US special forces in Basra to help with air strikes vs Mahdi Army
2009 British ended military mission in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2009 Deadline for power sharing and provincial elections in Kirkuk passed with no progress
(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Remains In Political Limbo)
2010 VP Hashemi said an Arab should be president no longer a Kurd
2010 Iraqiya said it would implement Art 140 on disputed areas to try to get Kurdish backing for Allawi
as premier
2010 Sadr said there would be a referendum on who his followers wanted as premier
2011 Pres Barzani said he would prosecute security members who fired on demonstrators in Sulaymaniya
2011 Protests in Kalar, Sulaymaniya become violent with rocks thrown at security forces
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)
2012 Oil Ministry paid oil companies in Kurdistan $650 mil for exports
2014 ISIS released 2nd annual al-Naba report on its operations
2014 ISIS held parade in Abu Ghraib
2014 Fmr Communications Min Allawi Fmr Fin Min Issawi and 8 general mangers charged with
corruption
2014 Mutahidun claimed 44 civilians killed by Hashd in Buhriz, Diyala with complicity of ISF
2015 Tikrit freed from IS 1st stories emerged of Hashd looting afterward
2015 Diyala council voted to remove confidence from Gov Yacoub for stealing aid for displaced
2016 PM Abadi presented his list of technocratic ministers Sadr called off his protests after Abadi
announced cabinet
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, March 30, 2020

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State by Haroro Ingram, Craig Whiteside and Charlie Winter. I was also quoted by Paul Iddon in "Saudi Arabi's flooding of the oil market could spell disaster for Iraq" in the New Arab and "Coronavirus outbreak compounds Iraq's perfect storm of crises" in the Arab News.

Here is a link to all of Musings On Iraq's citations.

Iraq Faces The Abyss With Coronavirus And Oil Collapse

(Reuters)

Iraq is facing two crises at the same time that threatens its future. First, Russia and Saudi Arabia got into an oil war that devastated prices. Iraqi crude sold for $51 a barrel in February. By March Brent prices were in the twenty dollar range. Second the coronavirus hit the country. As a result, a curfew was imposed which has closed down most businesses and put non-government employees out of work. Internationally that has also greatly reduced the demand for oil. Together that means Iraq is heading towards an economic blackhole.

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 30

1921 Cairo Conference decided on indirect rule in Iraq Would make Faisal King of a pro-British
Iraqi govt allowing withdrawal of British forces 
1921 Cairo Conference decided to keep UK High Commissioner for Iraq British advisers in govt naval
presence in Basra and RAF squadrons in rest of country
(Musings On Iraq article on the Cairo conference and the selection of Faisal to be first king of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1939 King Ghazi gave pan-Arab speech saying he was interested in Arab brothers in Syria Palestine
Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq book review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)
1940 Fmr PM Said put together new govt with Rashid Gaylani becoming PM Said became Foreign
Minister Had backing of British
1941 Regent had PM Hashemi send one of the Golden Square officers to Diwaniya He refused order Was
pushed by UK to try to break up pan-Arab officers in army
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1980 Baath made membership in Dawa punishable by death
(Musings On Iraq A History of Iraq’s Islamic Dawa Party, Interview With Lowy Inst. for Intl. Policy’s Dr. Rodger Shanahan)
1982 Saddam admitted that Iraqi forces retreated from southern Iran
1984 UN condemned use of chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq War but didn’t mention Iraq as perpetrator
due to US and Soviet objections
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1984 US banned export of 5 chemicals to Iraq that could be used to make chemical weapons
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
1990 Report Iraq trying to challenge Israeli military superiority in Middle East by developing nuclear bomb
Dec 89 Iraq launched new long range missile Mar 90 3 people arrested in England trying to smuggle equipment for program to Iraq Intl Institute for Strategic Studies said program only in theoretical stage Was actually far more advanced than anyone knew
1991 Saddam’s troops re-entered Dohuk and Irbil to put down Kurdish rebellion
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on 1st hand accounts of 1991 Uprising)
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s view of 1991 Uprising)
(Ahulbayt Video on 1991 Uprising)
1991 Majid al-Khoei son of Grand Ayatollah al-Khoei met with Saudi intelligence and was turned down
for aid because US objected
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
1995 INC and PUK attacked Iraqi forces in Kirkuk district destroying 2 brigades hoping to create a revolt
against Saddam
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
2002 Gen Franks presented new revised Iraq war plan to Bush
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 British began 2nd attack to take Basra city with 600 commandos
(Musings On Iraq book review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 UK Defense Minister Hoon told US didn't think taking Basra City important US wanted UK to hold
south oil fields and Um Qasr port
2003 US intensified air strikes on Republican Guard units with 800 sorties
2003 Saddam believed U.S. invasion was stalemated
2003 Saddam’s secretary told Iraqi Foreign Ministry to tell France and Russia they would only accept an
unconditional withdrawal by U.S.
2003 Iraqi TV aired footage of Saddam Qusay and Uday handing out medals and money to soldiers
2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld told ABC that US knew exactly where Iraq’s WMD were Claimed they were
around Tikrit and Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)
2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld accused Syria of giving military aid to Iraq Syria claimed US committed crimes
vs Iraqi civilians
2003 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowtiz said Iraq war about WMD and that they would eventually be found
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 PM Blair foreign policy adv Sir Manning worried that Baghdad when attacked could turn into drawn
out urban battle
2003 Pentagon memo on creating an Iraqi authority after war Said had to be friendly to the US Had to
end Sunni rule Wanted rule of law individual liberty representative govt private enterprise Didn’t say how that was to be achieved
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2006 Report Albu Mahal went from insurgency to fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq after objected to Islamic
law being imposed Tribe entered into months of fighting with Salmani and Karabila tribes allied with Al Qaeda in Iraq in WAnbar Qaim dist Was expelled Albu Mahal went to US formed Desert Protectors Got help to have tribesmen join Iraqi army
(Musings On Iraq article on Albu Mahal tribe)
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2007 Op Call to Freedom ended effectively clearing Ramadi of insurgents
2007 Report Ali Salah WBaghdad only had 3 Sunni families left after militias forced out rest in March
despite US and Iraqi units in area during Surge
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2008 Sadr announced ceasefire in fight vs ISF Mahdi Army handed over weapons to ISF in 2 Baghdad
            neighborhoods
2008 Fighting continued in Babil and Karbala between ISF and Mahdi Army Green Zone hit by
rockets
2008 UK report situation in Basra unchanged during Charge of Knights Said ISF had no coherent
            plan and morale low
2008 Report PM Maliki was shocked that his offensive in Basra caused fighting throughout south and
Baghdad Was actually warned by ISF that would happen beforehand but he ignored it
2008 Tribes in Dhi Qar and Dulaim in Wasit joined govt in crackdown against Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
2008 SIIC held pro-govt demonstration in Karbala against Sadr
2010 Allawi complained about Iran’s interference in forming new Iraqi government
2010 VP Hashemi said Iran trying to unite Shiite parties behind 2nd Maliki term
2011 Accountability and Justice Comm ruled 2 nominees for Interior and Defense Ministers made by PM
Maliki were disqualified for Baathist past
2011 Turkey’s Erdogan went on tour of Iraq to Baghdad 1st Sunni leader to go to Najaf shrine 1st Turkish
leader to go to Irbil
2012 Pres Barzani said PM Maliki becoming authoritarian
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2016 Kurdish Alliance said they would not give up any of their ministers
2016 Supreme Council MP complained that PM Abadi didn’t consult with others about his reforms 

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 4

1927 UK official wrote Foreign Sec Chamberlain saying UK got Mosul by trick Promised 25 yr Iraq Mandate Now pushing I...