Monday, July 13, 2020

Iraqi Govt Suspends Investment In Electricity Sector As Summer Heat Hits

Protest over power shortages in Babil (Rudaw)


At the start of July protests returned to several southern Iraqi provinces over electricity shortages. The government has no answer because it has no money to spend on power projects due to the economic crisis. Even if it did structural problems with the power grid mean it is still years away from meeting demand.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 13


1920 Tribal forces surrounded British garrison at Abu Skhair during 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1958 Col Arif gained control of 20th Brigade and began march towards Baghdad from Diyala to start
1958 coup
1959 Gen Qasim appointed several Communists to his cabinet
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1982 Iranian Op Ramadan invaded Iraq for 1st time Advanced 10 miles across Shatt al-Arab into
Basra Consisted of 5 human wave attacks by Iranian Revolutionary Guard with 100,000 troops against Iraqi lines
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
1982 Iraq used tear gas to turn back Iranian attacks in Basra
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1988 Iraq broke Iranian lines and moved into Iran Took Dehloran Iran
1988 Saddam threatened to invade southern Iran if Tehran didn’t withdraw from Halabja Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1992 Report Atlanta bank main financier of US exports to Iraq using govt guaranteed loans Lent Iraq $5.2
bil Bank raided in Aug 89 Much of money went to buy tech for weapons programs Oct 89 Agricultural Dept found most credit to Iraq being used for weapons programs Found Iraq had front companies in US to buy tech Justice Dept tried to block investigations into matter  
2001 Deputy Secretary of State Armitage suggested that Bush make Iraq the top foreign policy issue
2003 Iraqi Governing Council announced its formation and held first session Mohammed al-Uloom
became premier Seats were divided up using ethnosectarian quotas
(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)
2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said that controversy over Iraq-Africa uranium story in Bush’s State of the
Union was overblown Def Sec Rumsfeld said intelligence was correct at time White House said no doubt Iraq wanted a nuclear weapon before the war
2003 After White House blamed CIA for Bush using Iraq-Africa uranium story CIA leaked it had
blocked story from being used before
2003 PM Blair said he still believed story Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa CIA questioned its veracity
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
2005 UndersecDef Feith said US didn’t train enough Kurds and Iraqi exiles to help with security before 03
invasion Said US officials reluctant to end CPA early in 2003 Said US military not Pentagon determined size of invasion force
2005 US army officers refuted Undersec Def Feith saying Pentagon curtailed troop deployments to
            Iraq before and after invasion
2006 For the first time in Iraq US military turned over security in a province to Iraqi forces Happened in
Muthanna
2007 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said more training of ISF wasn’t needed Needed more US forces
embedded with ISF Response to White House report that number of Iraqi battalions able to operate independently dropped from 10 to 6 in first 6 months of 2007
2008 Islamic Party said Iraqi forces should not take control of security in Anbar because Awakening was
not ready Sheikhs Sulaiman and Hayes agreed
(Musings On Iraq Anbar Dispute Between Sunnis Growing)
2009 IED on US Amb Hill’s convoy in Dhi Qar likely by a militia
(Musings On Iraq The Return Of The Special Groups)
2015 Campaign started to recapture Ramadi from IS
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)
2018 PM Abadi went to Basra City over protests They refused to meet with his deleagation saying it was
useless Took over courtyard of hotel Abadi staying at
2018 Protests in 7 provinces Basra and Maysan council building and party offices occupied some burned 1
person killed Um Qasr port shut down Najaf council building and airport occupied 1 party office burned Marches in Babil Muthanna Qadisiya Dhi Qar Karbala
(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq Greatly Escalate And Spread Throughout South)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 12, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 12


1946 Police tried breaking Communist oil worker strike in Kirkuk Fired on workers Killed 8
wounded 50 Killings condemned in press PM Umari shut down papers in response Helped lead to fall of govt in Nov
(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)
1958 Communist party members were warned that something big was going to happen in anticipation
            of Free Officers’ Coup that overthrew monarchy
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1968 PM Yahya threatened to resign over divisions within military that would lead to 1968 coup
1979 Saddam elected new president and head of Regional Command Council of the Baath Party Dhuri
elected VP
1979 Rev Command Council Secretary General Muhyi Hussein Mashadi objected to Bakr stepping down
saying he should have been convinced to stay in office
1982 UN Res 514 called for end to war Iraq accepted it Khomeini rejected it and called on Iraqis to rise
up against Saddam
1983 Reagan signed NSDD 99 to review US policy in Middle East Led to tilt towards Iraq
1988 Iraq Op Tawakalna ala Allah 3 began towards Dehloran in center Recaptured Muhsen border
region Goal was to destroy Iranian forces to prevent postwar threat
1988 Iran withdrew from Halabja district Kurdistan
1988 Iraq started withdrawing from 2,260 sq mi of Iranian territory
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 Saddam ordered intel gathering on Kuwait’s terrain and military
1991 Saddam carried out new wave of executions of Baath members and army officers
2001 Iraqi Military Alliance opposition group met in London made up of 60 former officers Called for
democratic Iraq Foreign aid Iraqi soldiers to work with it
2003 British officially took control of Basra Maysan Dhi Qar and Muthanna with no strategy on how to
run them
2003 VP Cheney chief of staff Libby spoke 3rd time with NY Times reporter Miller telling her fmr Amb
Wilson’s wife worked for CIA Was to discredit Wilson
2003 VP Cheney chief of staff Libby talked with Time reporter Cooper who said fmr Amb Wilson’s wife
might’ve sent him on Niger trip
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2005 Zarqawi responded to Maqdisi who criticized Al Qaeda in Iraq’s tactics of attacking civilians and
Shiites and suicide bombings Zarqawi said more important to attack Shiites than non-Muslims Accused Shiites of starting sectarian violence Cited Abu Abdullah al-Muhajir who supported suicide missions
(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)
(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation) 
2006 20 people from bus station abducted and executed in Muqtadiya
2007 Bush claimed US making progress on 8 of 18 congressional benchmarks set for Surge Created
constitutional review committee but it had taken no action Passed regions law but no implementation Election Commission formed Supported Surge Reduced sectarian violence Were more ISF Passed budget No progress on reconciliation or relations with Iran and Syria or economic growth No reforming deBaathification No energy law No provincial election law or provincial powers law No amnesty law No disarmament of militias Hadn’t stopped political interference in ISF Not enforced law and order Not taken on militia influence in ISF
2009 VP Hashemi said Baghdad would fight PKK and would form special units to do so Never happened
Meant to appease Turkey
2014 Naqshibandi leader Izzat al-Dhur welcomed and praised IS’s role in fighting against Maliki govt
2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members arrested in Musayib Babil for kidnapping 28 Sunnis and killing 20
of them
(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)
2018 South Oil Company offices stormed and road to airport blocked in Basra City 1 killed by police
Protest at Rumaila and West Qurna oil fields and 2 other parts of Basra Marches in Baghdad and Wasit
2018 Oil Min Luaibi said govt had come up with response to protests promising 10,000 jobs in oil sector
and investment in water electricity and health care
(Musings On Iraq Protests Continue Acorss Southern Iraq And Spread To Baghdad)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, July 11, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 11


1917 1st Battle of Ramadi started Ottomans forced British to retreat
1921 Iraq council of state declared Faisal monarch of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)
1979 Pres Bakr resigned from the Revolutionary Command Council citing health Saddam took over
council
1991 Iran warned that Iraqi forces about to launch new military operation into southern marshes against
rebels and displaced
1991 UK intel report said Iraq tried 4 methods to enrich uranium for its nuclear program and might have
made enough for 1 bomb
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
1991 Pres Bush said that coup vs Saddam might be best way to assure that Iraq didn’t continue with its
nuclear weapons program
(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)
2003 New CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid halted troop withdrawals from Iraq ordered by Gen Franks
2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice called CIA Dir Tenet telling him he was responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium story
being used in Bush’s State of the Union
2003 CIA Dir Tenet issued statement that he was responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium deal getting into
Bush’s State of Union Said CIA only had fragmentary intel on Iraq trying to buy uranium from Africa
2003 Dir Tenet also said that CIA had Iraq-Africa uranium story stricken from previous Bush speeches
2003 CIA officials quoted in Wash Post that they tried to dissuade British from using Iraq-Africa uranium
story
2003 Bush Chief of Staff Rove told Cheney Chief of Staff Libby he talked with columnist Novak and he
was going to write fmr Amb Wilson’s wife sent him to Niger Part of plan to discredit Wilson
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2003 Bush Chief of Staff Rove told Time reporter Cooper fmr Amb Wilson not sent to Niger by CIA Dir
Tenet or Cheney but his wife who worked at CIA
2003 Columnist Novak called CIA to confirm that Valerie Wilson sent her husband to Niger CIA tried to
stop story and not mention her name
2003 White House spokesman Fleischer and Comm Dir Bartlett told reporter Fmr Amb Wilson found little
on his trip to Niger and wasn’t sent by Dir Tenet
2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice told reporters National Intelligence Estimate said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy
were for nuke program She blamed CIA Director Tenet for Bush’s State of the Union using fake Iraq-African uranium deal Said at time of speech didn’t know about any problems with uranium story Rice received Oct 02 CIA memo not to use Niger story in a Bush speech because single sourced
(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)
2003 After protests by Iraqi police US agreed to reduce its forces at police stations in Fallujah to try to stop
attacks on them
(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2006 Amb Khalizad said hadn’t seen security improvement from Baghdad security plan Op Together
Forward yet
2006 Brookings’ Pollack told House committee not enough US and Iraqi forces to secure Baghdad during
Op Together Forward
(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)
2007 CIA Dep Dir Natl Intl Fingar testified to House saying PM Maliki only taken small steps to unify Iraq
Said sectarian violence polarized politics Shiite parties not united Services below prewar levels Said Surge effective violence but not enough to lead to reconciliation
2007 Ret Gen Landry from Natl Intel Council said ISF infiltrated and lacked logistics
2008 PM Maliki promised to rebuild and invest in Basra after Charge of Knights Money unspent because
of red tape lack of govt capacity arguments between ruling parties
2018 4th day of protests in different parts of Basra Blocked road to Rumaila and West Qurna oil fields
South Oil Company office occupied 1 killed by police shooting into crowd Protest in Dhi Qar for electricity and solidarity march in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq Greatly Escalate And Spread Throughout South)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 10, 2020

Review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies, New Edition


Kedourie, Elie, The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies, New Edition, Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1984

Professor Eli Kedourie of the London School of Economics was an iconoclast in Middle East studies. He was born in Baghdad in 1926 and went to university in England. He went on to criticize not only British policy in the Middle East, but western liberals and leftists, Pan-Arabism, and the Arab states. The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies was a collection of journal articles he published in the 1950s and 1960s with some new material added. The thesis of the book was that not only did London make a series of blunders in the region from World War I to its aftermath but that conventional history of the Middle East in England was wrong as well.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 10


1924 First elections held in Iraq Was for Constituent Assembly
1940 England decided to send Indian Div to Basra after PM Gaylani wanted to block British troops
moving through Iraq as part of Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1940 UK Cmdr in Middle East Gen Wavell thought sending British troops to Iraq would destabilize
region so Indian Div sent to Egypt instead
(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1967 General Tahir Yahya became premier 2nd time Was later charged with corruption
1978 Former Prime Minister Naif died from gunshot wounds from assassination attempt by Iraqi agents
in London
1978 England expelled Iraqi diplomats and intel officers for Naif assassination Iraq retaliated by expelling
British diplomats arresting British businessmen Embargo on UK
1988 Iraq recaptured 14 mountain peaks in Panjwin area of Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 Gulf OPEC members met and agreed to follow quotas which Iraq had been demanding Iraq needed
to raise revenues after incurring huge debts from Iran-Iraq War
1991 UN set up camps at Lake Hammar to take in displaced from southern marshes but govt did not
allow people to enter
2002 Pentagon Defense Policy Board met over Iraq invasion plans Angry military not thinking
innovatively Wanted generals fired
2003 Iraqi police demonstration in Baghdad saying US forces in city led to attacks upon police
2003 Sec State Powell told ABC that captured trailers were Iraqi mobile WMD labs
(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)
2007 US GAO report Pentagon could not account for weapons it gave to ISF from Jun 04 to Dec 05
Around 190,000 weapons were unaccounted for US still didn’t have accounting process in place by 2007
2007 Gen Petraeus and Gen Odierno briefed Presidency Council on Sahwa Pres Talabani supported program
VP Abdul Mahdi asked whether Sahwa were loyal to govt US general warned council that there was no reconciliation going on in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)
2008 Report 20% of Iraqis displaced UN said 2nd largest refugee problem in world Most fled after 06
Samarra bombing Early 07 11 of 18 provinces blocked displaced from returning PM Maliki criticized refugees saying they should have stayed in Iraq
2008 Report Baghdad hired 12,000 new police in Basra after Charge of Knights but didn’t pay them
Fadhila still controlled governorship Dawa and ISCI took over ports and corruption involved with them
2009 US released 5 Iran Rev Guards members it held since 2007 as part of SOFA that said US had to
release all prisoners by 2011
(Musings On Iraq 5 Revolutionary Guards Members Let Go By U.S.)
2009 KRG parliament agreed to postpone referendum on new constitution that laid claim to disputed
areas and would have given Pres Barzani greater powers
(Musings On Iraq Kurds Agree To Suspend Vote On Controversial Constitution)
2012 During visit to Irbil Pres Barzani tried to get Syria’s Kurdish National Council and Democratic
Union Party to unite and not align with PKK
2014 IS’s Dabiq magazine included article with Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi calling for Muslims to conduct
hijra migration to the caliphate
(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2017 PM Abadi declared Mosul freed after 9 month long campaign Heavy fighting continued in city
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Ret. Col Witty on the Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Horizon Client Access’ Alex Mello on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Amnesty International’s Donatella Rovera on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with International Center for Study of Radicalization’s Charlie Winter on how IS media dealt with its defeat in Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with BBC’s Quentin Sommerville on the Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Niqash’s Mustafa Habib on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Stephen Kalin on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with AFP’s Ahmad Mousa on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Florian Neuhof on Battle of Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)
(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)
2018 Protest in Dhi Qar over jobs water and electricity Protests in Basra blocked roads to Rumaila and
West Qurna oil fields and Lukoil offices demanding jobs and justice for protester killed Jul 8
(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)
2019 Shiite Religious Endowment head Musawi had his home invaded by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq after he said
group would not leave mosque in Babil Musawi went into govt safe house afterward
(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, July 9, 2020

Security In Iraq Jul 1-7, 2020


Violence in Iraq has reached a nadir after the Islamic State’s annual Spring offensive. For the fifth week incidents have been in the teens or lower.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 9


1962 Iraqi planes bombed Turkish border post during operation against Kurdish rebels killing 2
Turkish soldiers
1963 Soviet Union accused Arif govt of genocide against Kurds
1973 Another 36 coup plotters tried including Baath Regional Command members Samarriea and Fadil
and given death sentences
1978 Former Prime Minister after 1968 Baath coup Naif shot in London by Iraqi agents on orders
from Saddam
1980 Former Shah generals launched failed coup vs Khomeini Iraq blamed
1982 Pres Rafsanjani said Iran would accept peace if 1975 border treaty retained $100 bil in
reparations Saddam tried as war criminal
1988 Iraq recaptured Penjwin 23 mountain peaks in Mawet area of Kurdistan Pushed towards Iranian
border
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 US Amb to Iraq Glaspie said that US working on releasing 2nd half of $1 bil loan guarantees to
Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
1996 UN Sec Council asked US for info about Iraq smuggling to get around sanctions
1997 KDP accused PUK of breaking ceasefire attacking its positions with help of PKK
(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks told Congress violence in Iraq meant no US troop withdrawal
anytime soon
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Congress Iraq was costing US around $3.9 bil a month
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Congress Iraq war wasn't because new evidence about Iraq’s WMD but
because saw Iraq differently after 9/11
(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 Fmr State Dept Military Intel officer Thielman told Congress US govt misrepresented intel
about Iraq threat
2004 Ex-INC member Zubaidi claimed INC embellished reports of defectors about Iraq’s WMD INC
denied story
2004 Bush said everyone believed Iraq had stocks of WMD and Saddam wanted those WMD
programs
(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri sent Iraq strategy letter to Zarqawi Expel US Declare emirate that would
become caliphate Expand to other nations Told Zarqawi he should include more Iraqis in Al Qaeda in Iraq Warned Zarqawi attacks upon Muslim civilians could cost him hearts and minds and support
(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2006 PM Maliki announced Op Together Forward 2 to try to secure Baghdad again Failed in days
(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)
2006 Militiamen in Jihad Baghdad pulled Sunnis from cars and executed at least 50 in retaliation for
mosque being bombed day before
(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 Dep PM Zobai accused Defense and Interior Ministries of working with militias to carry out attacks
2006 Article on State Dept report on Interior Min Said corruption human rights abuses sectarian
violence connections to insurgents and militias undermined ministry
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 US officials said Jadriya prison in Baghdad run by Mahmoud Waeli Badr’s intel head and
renegade faction of Interior Ministry
(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)
2012 KRG said it would barter oil for refined products with Turkey
2014 Human Rights Watch recorded 61 Sunni civilians killed by Hashd in last month
2018 Protests in 3 parts of Basra and Muthanna demanding better services and jobs from oil companies
Blocked entrances to West Qurna 1 and Rumaila oil fields
(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, July 8, 2020

Musings On Iraq In The News

Musings On Iraq was cited in "The Failure of Reconstruction in Mosul: Root Causes from 2003 to the Post-ISIS Period" by Zmkan Ali Saleem and Mac Skelton, in "Iraq's Political Marketplace at the Subnational Level: The Struggle for Power in Three Provinces" by Mac Skelton and Zmkan Ali Saleem for the London School of Economics and Political Science and in "Covid-19, ledijhadisme au defi d'une pandemie" by the Fondation pour la Recherche Strategique. I was quoted by Paul Iddon in "Daesh's reappearance puts fragility of Iraq and Syria in focus" in Arab News. That article was republished in Israel Noticias as "La reaparicion de ISIS pone en evidencia la fragilidad de Raqk y Siria". Was also quoted by Paul Iddon in "Weekend Rockets Part of Iran-backed Pressure Campaign against US troops in Iraq" in Media Line and in "Iraq's enemies fire a warning shot with Hisham al-Hashimi's murder" in the Arab News.

Review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968


Khadduri, Majid, Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968, Washington D.C.: The Middle East Institute, 1978

Majid Khadduri was a professor at Johns Hopkins University. He wrote four books about Iraq. This was the third after Independent Iraq: A Study in Iraqi Politics, 1932-1958 and Republican Iraq: A Study in Iraqi Politics Since the Revolution of 1958. All of his books were known for their detailed histories since independence and his access to Iraq’s top officials. Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968 for instance was based upon three trips to Iraq in 1974, 1976 and 1977 that included interviews with President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, his lieutenant Saddam Hussein, various ministers and one of the founders of the Baath Party Michel Aflaq. This book and his last one on Iraq, The Gulf War, The Origins and Implications of the Iraq-Iran Conflict, showed a decline in his writing as he became a fan of the Baath. Socialist Iraq for instance took everything Bakr’s government told him at face value, and laid praise upon the president and Saddam Hussein.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 8


1937 Sadabad Pact between Iraq Iran Turkey Afghanistan agreed to borders non-interference regional
security
1973 Police Chief Kazzar and 20 coup plotters executed
1982 Saddam survived assassination attempt in Dujail Saddam ordered town destroyed 1500 residents
arrested 150 executed
1991 Iraq admitted to UN inspectors it had 3 secret programs to enrich uranium to build a nuclear bomb
Before Iraq denied it had any nuclear weapons program
(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)
1991 Report During Gulf War Coalition said it was only bombing military targets but destroyed Iraq’s
infrastructure as well During war said hits on infrastructure were accidents or collateral damage Late in war bombed facilities knew Iraq couldn't rebuild on its own to put pressure on military to overthrow Saddam Bombing led to cholera and typhoid outbreak
1995 Ceasefire in Kurdish civil war ended as PUK and KDP went back to fighting over control of Irbil
(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)
2003 PM Blair told Parliament he believed intelligence that Iraq had WMD
2003 PM Blair said evidence of Iraq-Niger uranium deal was not based upon fake docs but
            separate intel
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 White House spokesman said intelligence on Iraq-Niger uranium deal turned out to be inaccurate
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2003 Wash Post article quoted admin officials saying Iraq-Africa claim shouldn’t have been used in State of
Union and story could be wrong
2003 VP Cheney’s chief of staff Libby met NYTimes’ Miller Said Fmr Amb Wilson’s NY Times OpEd part
of CIA campaign to absolve itself of bad intel on Iraq
2003 Libby told NYTimes’ Miller Fmr Amb Wilson’s report on his trip to Niger never made it out of CIA
and found evidence Iraq did try to buy uranium
2003 Libby told NYTimes’ Miller Natl Intel Est had stronger evidence that Iraq tried to buy uranium from
Africa
2003 Libby told NYTimes’ Miller that Wilson’s wife’s name was Valerie Plame and she worked at
            CIA Miller would later denied she got her name from Libby
2003 Columnist Novak asked DepSecState Armitage why fmr Amb Wilson sent to Niger to look into Iraq
uranium deal Armitage said because his wife worked at CIA
2003 Bush Chief of Staff Rove confirmed to columnist Novak that fmr Amb Wilson’s wife sent him to
Niger
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq beheaded Bulgarian civilians Georgi Lazov and Ivaylo Kepov
2004 US and Iraqi officials said decision to stop 1st Fallujah battle was wrong and city now controlled by
insurgents
2004 US and Iraqi intel reports said Zarqawi using Fallujah as a base
(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2005 Iraq constitutional committee started its work
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2007 Report Sadr had gone back to Iran after short stay in Iraq in May Sadr fled to Iran in February
believing that US would target him during Surge
2008 Report Al Qaeda sent foreign fighters to Sudan and Somalia rather than Iraq due to downturn in
insurgency
(Musings On Iraq Demise of Al Qaeda In Iraq Update)
2008 Head of Kurdish bloc in parliament Othman said KRG oil deals were illegal 1st Kurdish official
            to criticize deals
2018 2 killed 2 wounded by police firing into protesters demanding jobs, electricity and water in Imam
Sadiq in Basra Security forces claimed armed men fired on them first to excuse them shooting at crowd Were also protests in Basra City Maysan Dhi Qar Muthanna and Wasit over electricity jobs services
(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Iraq Moves Closer To Compliance With OPEC Quotas But Oil Prices Still Too Low


In June 2020 Iraq had the lowest average oil exports in five years as it attempted to meet its OPEC quota. Prices also rose for the second straight month. That wasn’t enough to meet the country’s budget requirements however.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 7


1921 American consul in Baghdad wrote that Faisal would become King of Iraq even though he was
unpopular in the country
1921 Gertrude Bell noted that Iraqi notables couldn’t wait for election to appoint Faisal King because would
take 2 months and that was too long
(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)
(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)
1973 Police Chief Kazzar and 20 other coup plotters found guilty and given death sentence
1973 Baath Regional Congress expanded membership to accommodate Saddam supporters
1984 Iraqi govt uncovered plot to assassinate Saddam Executed some 50 army officers as a result
1987 UN Resolution 598 called for ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1991 Iraq Foreign Min Hussein told UN that it would make a declaration of its nuclear program Said Iraq
had not violated Non-Proliferation Treaty or IAEA safeguards
(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)
1991 Iraq’s concealment committee met Decided to reveal details about nuke program after inspectors
found site Decided to secretly destroy WMD programs and materials to hide them from inspectors Would prove long term problem because Iraq could never fully prove what it destroyed and what it was hiding to inspectors
(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
1997 Turkey withdrew its forces from Kurdistan after killing over 2,000 PKK fighters
(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)
2003 CPA suspended Iraq’s old banking laws as part of reform program
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Senate US didn't go to war with Iraq because it had dramatic new
            evidence of its WMD programs
2003 White House admitted Bush’s State of Union claim Iraq tried to buy uranium
            from Africa Shouldn't have been used
2003 VP Cheney’s chief of staff Libby told White House spokesman Fleischer fmr Amb Wilson’s wife sent
him to Niger to investigate Iraq-Niger uranium deal Was attempt to discredit Wilson
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2003 SCIRI dropped objection to joining Iraqi Governing Council after lobbying by UN
2003 UK parliament’s Foreign Affairs comm report on UK dossier on Iraq’s WMD said was not sexed up by
Blair govt
2003 UK Foreign Affairs comm report said Blair govt didn’t mislead parliament but misstated some of the
intel on Iraq’s WMD
2003 UK Foreign Affairs comm report said claim Iraq could use WMD in 45 min should not have been so
prominent in dossier
2003 UK parliament’s Foreign Affairs comm report said UK dossier on Iraq WMD should’ve been more
qualified on story Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 State Dept intel agency sent memo to DepSec State Armitage originally from June that said Iraq-Niger
docs were fakes
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
2004 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Bush 70% of Fallujah Brigade had joined insurgency
2004 Sen Intel Comm found major judgements in Oct 02 Natl Intel Est on Iraq’s WMD and nuke program
were overstated and generally not supported
(Musings On Iraq Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US intel claims Iraq had WMD and programs larger than before Gulf War were
overstated
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US had evidence Iraq buying dual use equipment Uncertain Iraq had destroyed
its WMD stocks after Gulf War
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US intel didn’t have much good info on Iraq’s WMD and nuke programs after
UN inspections ended in 1998
2004 Sen Intel Comm found US intel suffered from group think Assumed Iraq had WMD Assumed
everything it did was to expand those programs
2004 Senate Intel Comm report on pre-war intel found that all of CIA’s claims about Iraq renewed nuke
program were wrong and weak to begin with
2004 Sen Intel Comm found CIA justified to claim Iraq-Al Qaeda might have cooperated based upon pre-
war intel
2005 Iraq and Iran’s Defense Ministries signed military cooperation agreement
(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)
2005 Report Human Rights Min said Iraqi forces carried out random arrests not using
            warrants torturing and abusing prisoners
2005 Report Human Rights Min official said Iraqi forces conducting extrajudicial
            killings and govt not doing anything about it
2005 Report $8.8 bil went missing in Iraqi ministries during CPA period 03-05
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2006 Bush said Americans were wondering if US could win Iraq war Said US was winning
(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)
(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)
(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)
2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey given investigative report on Marines killing Iraqi civilians in Haditha
2006 Integrity Commission head Radi said weak institutions and lack of punishment led
            to uncontrolled corruption
2008 PM Maliki said he wanted a memo of understanding on withdrawal of US forces
            instead of a Status of Forces Agreement which was stalled
(Musings On Iraq Iraq Asks US To Draw Up Withdrawal Plans: Move Towards Autonomy, Electioneering, Or Brinkmanship by the Maliki Government?)
2008 Female suicide bomber hit market in Baquba 23rd female suicide bombing of the year
(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)
2008 Report 94% decline in attacks by ISI 25 in Nov 07 vs 334 Nov 06
2013 KRG Pres Barzani visited Baghdad to try to resolve problems with PM Maliki
2017 Protesters seized power plant in Babil due to electricity shortages
2018 Protest in Imam Sadiq Basra blocked main road over electricity shortages
(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, July 6, 2020

Islamic State’s Spring Offensive In Iraq Ends In June


April and May 2020 saw a large surge in violence in Iraq as the Islamic State launched its annual Spring offensive. Incidents reached 2018 levels across the seven provinces the insurgency operates in. That all ended in June however as there were only sporadic incidents across the country.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 6


1920 British defeated by tribal forces in Aridiyat during 1920 Revolt British lost 48 dead and 167
wounded
(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1980 Saddam told Baath Party leadership he was going to invade Iran
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1991 Baghdad demanded Peshmerga disband close Kurdish radio stations end contacts with foreign govts
Kurds demanded democracy talks over Kirkuk offered to give up heavy weapons close radio stations end contacts with foreign govts
(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1992 Iraq refused to allow UN inspectors into Agriculture Min causing a crisis
(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)
2003 Fmr Amb Wilson NY Times OpEd said Bush exaggerated about Iraq-Niger uranium story in State of
Union Said CIA sent him to Niger to investigate uranium story and found no evidence
2003 Fmr Amb Wilson said he never saw fake Iraq-Niger docs but VP Cheney’s office should’ve been
sent report on his trip Wilson overestimated impact of his visit to discredit Iraq-Niger uranium story Actually increased questions
2003 Fmr Amb Wilson on Meet The Press said VP Cheney should’ve gotten report on his trip to Niger
2003 VP Cheney questioned Wilson’s OpEd and asked why he was sent to Niger
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2003 US said it would release Turkish Special Forces it arrested in Sulaymaniya
2004 PM Blair told Parliament that he didn’t know what happened to Iraq’s WMD Said they could have
been hidden or destroyed
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2004 Report 2000 CIA started program to contact relatives of Iraqi WMD scientists that lived in west to
try to collect intel Relatives said Iraq had no WMD programs Intel not included in reports or passed to White House
2004 Car bomb at US-Iraqi National Guard post in Samarra Led to 450 of 500 Iraqi guardsmen to quit
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq claimed it executed Egypt ambassador to Iraq Ihab al-Sharif
2006 In coordinated attacks across central Iraq insurgents took down every power line to Baghdad Part
of campaign to deprive capital of electricity
2008 Fmr Undersec Def Feith claimed WMD was not one of core argument for Iraq invasion Claimed CIA
pushed Iraq being a WMD threat
2008 UAE cancelled $7 bil in Iraqi debt Announced would be sending ambassador to Baghdad
2018 Protests in Madina over services Abu Khasib cutting road over electricity Basra City cut roads over
unfinished projects Shatt al-Arab over salinity Dhi Qar for recount in election
(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, July 5, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 5


1920 Revolt leaders in Shamiya passed demands to British Wanted full independence End to
fighting Withdrawal of British administrators from Mid-Euphrates Release of leading cleric Shirazi
(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1923 UK report Shiites wanted a weak Mandate so they could set up their own theocracy Hoped King
Faisal would be able to win loyalty of people and undermine Shiite clerics Shiites also mistrusted elections and believed all power would go to Sunnis Also didn’t seem to like Faisal
1926 Turkey and Britain signed treaty setting Turkey-Iraq border UK agreed to give Turkey 10% of
Mosul oil revenues in return
(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1940 PM Gaylani made overture to Germany with Justice Min Shawkat meeting German ambassador to
Turkey von Papen Justice Min Shawkat told Ger Amb von Papen Iraq wanted Germany to stop Italian imperialism from spreading in Middle East and to support pan-Arabism instead Papen said Iraq should contribute to war vs England and Shawkat said that would happen
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1959 Communists plotted a coup to overthrow Qasim Abandoned at last minute
1960 Islamic Party issued statement warning against Communist activities in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1983 Tariq Aziz returned from trip to Egypt to improve relations and ensure Cairo would continue to
supply Iraq with ammunition for the war
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
2002 Talks between Iraq and UN in Vienna brokedown over new weapons inspections
2002 Supporters of Def Sec Rumsfeld leaked CENTCOM doc to NYTimes on invasion plans to use air
strikes Special Forces CIA operatives for covert ops
(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)
(Musings On Iraq review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 US police training center in Ramadi bombed 7 police killed 40 wounded
2003 CIA Dir Tenet complained to NSC about Iraq-Africa uranium deal getting into Bush’s State of the
Union speech
2003 NSC said DepNatSecAdv Hadley forgot CIA had pulled Iraq-Africa story from previous Bush speech
Tenet didnt read State of Union
2003 CIA Dir Tenet said he and NSC responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium story getting into Bush’s State of
Union
(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2004 Allawi govt announced amnesty for insurgents
2004 Report Zarqawi’s bombing moved him from margins of insurgency to the center
(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2007 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri released video Called for people to rally around ISI Same time ISI had to find
unity with Iraqis Was acknowledgement insurgent groups were splitting with ISI
2008 PM Maliki claimed terrorists in Iraq were defeated
2008 Head of Islamic Party in Fallujah escaped assassination attempt in campaign against the party
2018 Hundreds protested at Basra provincial council building demanding jobs
(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Iraqi Govt Suspends Investment In Electricity Sector As Summer Heat Hits

Protest over power shortages in Babil (Rudaw) At the start of July protests returned to several southern Iraqi provinces over electri...