Saturday, October 24, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 24

 

1978 Pres Assad visited Baghdad 1st time to talk about unifying Iraq and Syria Issued

unification declaration

1980 Iraq took city center in Khorramshahr and declared it taken Fighting continued for four more

days

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 US Info Service reopened office in Baghdad Closed since 1958 in first step to reestablish formal

relations between US and Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1986 Iraq-Saudi pipeline opened

1997 KDP launched offensive against PUK ending last ceasefire in civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2002 Pentagon’s Policy Counterterrorism Group briefed Rumsfeld on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Rumsfeld told press Policy Counterterrorism Group was not an intel unit

2002 Intel officials complained to press that Pentagon politicizing intel on Iraq

2003 US secured $13 bil in aid and loans from allies for Iraq at Madrid conference Allies failed to follow

through with most pledges

2003 Maysan police chief assassinated by a local political faction

2005 Palestine Hotel and Sheraton Ishtar Hotel in Baghdad hit by truck bombs

2006 US Cmdr Gen Casey and Amb Khalilzad announced new timetable for US goals in Iraq Said

ISF should take over security in 12-18 months Govt had to demobilize and integrate Shiite militias, Draft bill to divide oil revenues End deBaathification Hold provincial elections Revise constitute Set no date for when goals had to be achieved or any consequences for not meeting them

2006 SCIRI head Hakim gave sermon in Baghdad Called for 8-9 province federal region in south

Said would not mean partitioning of Iraq Condemned a strong central govt Said southern region supported by history when south was Basra province in Ottoman era

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2006 US forces cordoned off Sadr City after US soldier went missing there Violence dropped 50% in

            district as a result

2007 Fighting broke out between Mahdi Army and Badr in Karbala despite Sadr’s freeze on his militia

and Iranian peace deal between Sadr and Hakim signed Oct 6 City was shut off to try to keep militias out Each accused the other of being an Iranian tool

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 2 Iranian agents intercepted attempting to infiltrate into Wasit One killed one arrested Were

allegedly planning military operations in Iraq 3rd such incident in Oct

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians And Special Groups Forces Returning To Iraq)

2008 UN estimated 13,000 Christians fled Mosul after 14 killed in city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 Report on avg 1,000 Iraqi soldiers AWOL 1,000 in jail 2,000 in hospital or recuperating per day

US hired company to install computers and software to track Iraqi soldiers for $21 mil Only 1 computer working by Jan 08 Officers rejected system because would interfere with ghost soldiers and stealing salaries

2014 Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr finally cleared after a dozen attempts All civilians forced out of city and

not allowed to return Turned into Hashd base

2017 2 clashes between ISF and Hashd vs Peshmerga in Fishkhabur Dohuk Kurds afraid Baghdad was

attempting to seize its pipeline to Turkey after independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Ups Ante Attempting To Seize Control Of Kurds’ Oil Pipeline)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2018 Parliament voted on 14 of PM Abdul Mahdi’s 22 candidates for cabinet

2019 Protesters in Baghdad Dhi Qar Basra Diwaniya Maysan Najaf surprised govt by

demonstrating day before planned national protests People in Baghdad were able to get into Green Zone before being turned back by security

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Protesters Outsmart Govt And Security Forces)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, October 23, 2020

Review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970

Sipos, Milos and Cooper, Tom, Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970, Warwick: Helion & Company Limited, 2020


 

Wings of Iraq is the first of a two part series on the history of the Iraqi Air Force. Iraq had one of the largest and most combat experienced air wings in the Arab world having taken part in several wars, coups and uprisings. The authors Milos Sipos and Tom Cooper weave together Iraqi history with the development of the force since its use was always wrapped up in politics. Their view is that the Iraqi Air Force constantly grew from the 1920s to the 1970s but with no real strategy behind it.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 23

 

1918 Battle of Shirqat started as British forces moved north from Baghdad to seize Mosul

province and its oil before war ended 

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1973 Baghdad ordered its units home in 1973 Arab-Israeli War

1977 Ayatollah Khomeini’s son Mustafa died in exile in Najaf Iranian secret police believed to be

behind it

1980 US said Iran’s national integrity was threatened by Iraq Pres Carter was trying to get US

hostages released by Iran

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Baghdad imposed economic embargo on Kurdistan in retaliation for clashes with Peshmerga

1991 Saddam held ceremony for Gulf War Gave TV speech that Iraq would never give into foreign demands

Dropped talk of democratic reforms

1996 PUK and KDP signed ceasefire brokered by US, UK and Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1997 UN Resolution 1134 said that Iraq had to fully comply with weapons inspectors and condemned non-

cooperation Were splits within UN security council over continued weapons inspections

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

2002 US and UK submitted draft UN resolution for new inspections in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.5 Development of UK Strategy and Options September to November 2002 – Negotiation of Resolution 1441)

2003 Madrid Conf began with 76 countries to garner international aid for Iraq Germany Russia

France offered nothing having opposed war

2003 US guards at Abu Ghraib prison photographed an Iraqi prisoner with a leash on and other

abuses

2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq dressed as police took 49 Iraqi soldiers off bus and executed them in Diyala

2005 Islamic Army got in gun battle with Al Qaeda in Iraq in Taji north Baghdad over the latter

killing members of the Islamic Army

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Natl Sec Adv Hadley told UK officials Op Together Forward II failing Said Iraqi army hadn’t sent

enough troops Iraqi police couldn’t hold areas cleared Said Maliki govt didn’t fully support plan

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2006 White House said US policy was not to stay the course in Iraq despite Bush repeatedly using that

phrase Said U.S. had a flexible policy in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 Report UN recorded 1.6 mil refugees 1.5 mil displaced 40,000 Iraqis arriving in Syria per month

365,000 new refugees since Samarra bombing in Feb 06

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2007 State Dept official said Iranian Revolutionary Guard working in Iraq under orders of Tehran’s

leadership

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2007 Report State Dept couldn't account for $1.2 bil contract with DynCorp to train Iraqi police $4 mil

that was supposed to build a police facility spent on an olympic size pool and VIP trailers $4 mil spent on X-Ray machine never used Part of State Dept’s bad contracting in Iraq

2007 Mahdi Army fought Iraqi police in Basra City despite Sadr’s freeze upon his militia

2017 ISF and Peshmerga clashed in Fishkhabur Dohuk Kurds feared Baghdad was attempting to seize

KRG pipeline to Turkey as a result of independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Ups Ante Attempting To Seize Control Of Kurds’ Oil Pipeline)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, October 22, 2020

Iraq’s 2021 Election Faces Another Dilemma As Judge Retires

(Kurdistan 24)
In August Iraq’s Election Commission laid out four preconditions for the 2021 voting to take place. First, parliament had to revise the election law. Second, the Election Commission needed a budget approved. Third, the United Nations and international organizations had to set up a process to advise and monitor the balloting. Last, the Judicial law had to be passed and fill an empty position on the Supreme Court because the judges would resolve any disputes that might arise over the votes. None of these have occurred so far and now the country is facing an added problem.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 22

 

1965 Gen Nasser said he supported Iraqi govt against Mustafa Barzani’s Kurdish rebellion

1980 Iraqi forces surrounded and began siege of Abadan Iran

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1981 UN backed Islamic Conference Organization’s attempt to end Iran-Iraq War

1983 Iranian Op Wa al-Farj 4 reached Penjwin Kurdistan Iraqi counterattack pushed Iranians back

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Baghdad told Kurdish workers that if they wanted to keep their jobs they had to move to govt

controlled areas of Kurdistan due to clashes with Peshmerga

2004 Sistani aide Safi in Friday sermon said voting in 2005 elections was a religious duty

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2006 Report criticized Lancet report that est 400,000-800,000 Iraqis deaths since 2003 Lancet claimed 40

consecutive households were questioned within one day Public health researcher Hicks didn’t think that possible One Lancet author Roberts said 80% of deaths recorded had a death certificate and that deaths had been underreported Report criticized for main street bias only surveying main streets where violence more likely Lancet author Burnham said off streets were included Then said he actually didn’t know how survey was conducted Lancet author Roberts said some of the raw data was destroyed to protect people’s safety Also said that findings could easily be replicated by other studies

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2006 Report US in talks with Islamic Army in Jordan

2006 Fmr Finance Min Allawi said $750-$800mil in defense spending under PM Allawi stolen Ziad

Cattan head of military procurement convicted in absentia for stealing from defense deals

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2007 bin Laden message to Iraq said insurgency was winning Had to overcome differences and not work

with US Said insurgency would undo the division of the Ottoman empire and a new Islamic age was coming

2007 Report Sadiya Baghdad used to be majority Sunni Now 60% Shiite Mahdi Army worked with Inter

Min Wolf Brigade to cleanse neighborhood of Sunnis Sunnis turned to ISI US then organized Sadiya Guardians in Sep 07 Mahdi Army shelled Guardians Was protest by Shiite against Guardians claiming they were killers Sunnis held counter demonstration PM Maliki said he wanted Shiites to join Guardians but they objected

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2007 Report US campaign plan now had militias bigger threat to Iraq than insurgency Couldn’t defeat

militias so hoped that reconciliation would happen Dropped legislative benchmarks as sign of progress

2010 Wikileaks released thousands of classified US reports on Iraq

2019 Govt released report on violence used against protesters Blamed army and police Said

commanders lost control of forces 149 killed Most in Baghdad 107 4,207 wounded most in Baghdad 3,458 Also 19 killed in Dhi Qar 7 in Diwaniya 6 in Maysn 5 in Najaf 4 in Wasit 1 in Babil 70% of those killed were shot in head and chest Said Baghdad Operations Command commanders of army’s 11th Div Fed Police 1st Div police chiefs in Babil Dhi Qar Muthanna Najaf Qadisiya Wasit and several other offices should be fired punished or investigated for crimes Did not blame PM Abdul Mahdi other politicians or Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Report On Violence Used Vs Iraq Protests Covers-Up Govt Responsibility)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2019 Report Iran Rev Guard set up crisis cell in Baghdad to help put down protests Cell

included Gen Suleimani PM Abdul Mahdi’s chief of staff Natl Sec Adv Fayad Abu Muhandis Dep Head Hashd Comm other Hashd leaders Coordinated suppression of street and snipers Hashd believed to have arrested dozens and taken them to unofficial prisons

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Iraqi Govt Offering Jobs When It Has No Money To Pay For Them

 

(Reuters)
Iraq is in the midst of the greatest economic crisis since 2003. That’s due to the dual shocks of the crash in the oil market and the COVID-19 pandemic. That has led to a huge budget deficit with Baghdad being unable to pay all its public salaries and pensions. That hasn’t stopped the government from making promises it knows it can’t keep.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 21

 

1930 Royal Iraqi Air Force flew 1st combat mission attacking Kurdish rebels

1980 Iraqi forces reached city center in Khorramshahr, Iran

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Taha Yassin Ramadan head of Baath Popular Army said Khuzistan oil was Iraq’s until Iran

opened negotiations to end war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Iraq admitted to UN weapons inspectors it had program to build a nuclear bomb

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1991 US and western health study found Iraq’s power system repaired and working at 68% of prewar levels

Found power plants out of spare parts which meant system would eventually decay

1992 Peshmerga helped Turkish troops fight PKK in northern Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1992 Experts challenged Bush’s claim during presidential debate no US tech used for Iraq’s nuke program

Inspectors found US computers and equipment was used US Customs investigated US tech going to Iraq for program 91 UN listed foreign tech found in Iraq’s nuke program and included US companies

1996 PUK backed by Iran recaptured most of territory it lost to KDP except Irbil

2000 Izzat al-Duri attended Arab summit saying Iraq believed only jihad could save Palestinians in

latest conflict with Israel

2000 King Hussein called for end of sanctions on Iraq at Arab summit

2001 Bush asked Def Sec Rumsfeld how Iraq war plans going

2002 Report Czech Pres Havel told White House 9/11 terrorist Atta did not meet with Iraq

intelligence in Prague

2004 US soldier found guilty of abuse in Abu Ghraib prison scandal given 8 yrs in prison

2006 ISF and US forces patrolling Amara to enforce ceasefire between Mahdi Army and Badr Suweira

Mahdi Army and Badr clashed Mahdi Army blamed for bombing ISCI office in Hamza al-Sharqi

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 Inter Min Bolani met with Sadr in Najaf to try to get him to reign in Mahdi Army

2006 Insurgents started two days of attacks on police base in Baquba Diyala Up to 80 police killed

2007 Maliki complained to US about Oct 20 US raid into Sadr City Called it barbarian Said mostly

civilians killed by US Maliki restricted US raids into Sadr City afterward

2008 ISF raided head of Sahwa in Buhriz Diyala Arrested spokesman for Diyala Sahwa and beat him

Was part of PM Maliki crackdown on Diyala Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Government Continues Its Crackdown On Diyala Sons Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Report US and Iraq had no reliable numbers on ISF Didn’t know how many soldiers and police

there were because of faked numbers to steal salaries Also hired more personnel then authorized Many were not trained 7th Army Div had 11,478 on payroll Only 7556 on duty Rest were on leave AWOL killed or wounded Dec 07 Interior Min said it got rid of 2500 ghost employees

2010 PM Maliki went to Turkey to try to help his attempt to form new govt

2011 US announced it would withdraw its force from Iraq on Dec 31

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2011 Obama told PM Maliki not getting stay behind US forces in Iraq was ok because US would still have

influence

2014 New operation to try to clear Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr started after Sep attempt failed

2016 Iraqi forces freed Bartella Ninewa

 

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, October 20, 2020

Review Zarqawi, The New Face of Al-Qaeda

Brisard, Jean-Charles, Zarqawi, The New Face of Al-Qaeda, New York: Other Press, 2005


 

Jean-Charles Brisard’s Zarqawi, The New Face of Al-Qaeda was one of the first two books written about the subject. Published in 2005 it does a very good job detailing Abu Musab al-Zarqawi’s life in Jordan and his two trips to Afghanistan. The problem is it also used a lot of early information which later proved wrong. That means Zarqawi’s relationship with Al Qaeda and his role in the Iraqi insurgency is almost completely off. Not only that but Brisard claimed that Zarqawi was not a strategist and only relied upon ultra-violence missing the fact that was part of his plan all along. The book therefore is very up and down.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 20

 

1980 US said Iraq invasion of Iran threatened security in Gulf and land should not be seized

by force

1983 Iranian Op Wa al-Fajr 4 seized 15 villages in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iraq held elections to prove legitimacy of Saddam Was 40% quota for Shiite deputies

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Report Saddam was arming PKK to fight Turkey

2000 UK Foreign Office said wanted to offer end of sanctions to return inspectors but didn’t think US

would agree

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2002 Czech Intel told US no evidence 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intelligence in Prague

2004 Report Jan 03 Natl Intel Council warned building democracy in Iraq would be long difficult and

turbulent Council warned that overthrowing Saddam could lead to ethnosectarian rivalries and power grabs in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2004 Transparency International ranked Iraq one of most corrupt countries in world

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2005 One of Saddam’s lawyers kidnapped and killed

2006 Mahdi Army Badr and officials from PM Maliki’s office worked out ceasefire to end fighting in

Amara 10 police 15 militiamen killed 160 wounded

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 US Special Forces raid into Sadri City looking to arrest Mahdi Army cmdr under Abu Dura turned

into large gun battle

2008 7 members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard had been arrested in Iraq over last two days in

            Wasit and Diyala ISF got into gun battle with them in Wasit killing 1

(Musings On Iraq Iranians And Special Groups Forces Returning To Iraq)

2008 Georgia and Kazakhstan withdrew its last troops from Iraq Both had deployed troops in 2003

2010 KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami said Kurds were ready to send 60 bil cubic meters of

natural gas to Turkey

2015 Baiji town finally cleared of IS

2016 PM Abadi announced govt would not allow human rights violations during Mosul campaign

and investigative committee created to look into any

2017 Fighting broke out between Iraqi forces and Peshmerga in Altun Kupri Kirkuk as Kurds

worried federal forces were going to march on Irbil after independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back to 2014 Borders)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2018 Official results of KRG election announced KDP won 45 seats PUK 21 seats Change 12 New

Generation 8 Kurdistan Islamic Group 7 Towards Reform 5

(Musings On Iraq Official Results Announced for Iraq’s Kurdistan, Big Win For KDP)

2018 Oil Ministry reversed its order to transfer 9 state oil companies to new Iraq National Oil Company

after PM Designate Mahdi warned against it

(Musings On Iraq Oil Minister Reverses Transfer Of 9 Companies To National Oil Company He Will Head)

2019 Sadr told his followers to re-start protests and take part in national demonstrations

planned for Oct 25

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, October 19, 2020

Security In Iraq Oct 8-14, 2020


The recent uptick in Islamic State operations in Iraq where attacks went from single to double digits does not now appear to be a Fall offensive but rather a temporary increase. At the same time the pro-Iran Hashd factions have declared a ceasefire halting their campaign against western targets.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 19

 

1948 All Jewish govt workers fired in Iraq after creation of Israel

1958 Gen Bakr forced to retire after Col Arif lost power struggle with Gen Qasim within govt

1980 Saddam speech said Iraq couldn’t win war because outnumbered by Iran

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1983 Iranian Op Wa al-Fajr 4 began to take Penjwin Valley in Kurdistan from KDPI and cut its

supply line to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

2003 Sec State Powell said US found evidence of Iraq’s WMD programs and that Saddam always

wanted nuclear weapons

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Bin Laden tape aired on Al Jazeera Congratulated Iraqis for resisting Americans in

Iraq Said US was mired in the swamps of the Tigris and Euphrates

2004 Head of aid group Care was kidnapped in Baghdad Later killed by insurgents

2004 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie wrote OpEd in NY Sun that Saddam was training foreigners to

carry out terrorist attacks and working with Islamic groups

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2004 PM Allawi got US to free insurgent leader Sheikh Jumaili in attempt to split militants in Fallujah

against Zarqawi Failed

2005 Saddam’s trial started and pled his innocence

2005 Natl Sec Adv Rice told Senate about Clear Hold Build counterinsurgency plan for Iraq Was not

discussed with US military beforehand

(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Iraq Amb Khalizad later asked Rice what Clear Hold Build was and why

not consulted

2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld complained to Natl Sec Adv Rice that he did not back Clear Hold Build and he

            was not consulted about it

2006 IED killed Amara police chief from Badr Police arrested brother of suspected bomber from Mahdi

Army 2 days of fighting started Mahdi Army stormed 3 police stations manned by Badr in Amara

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 US military spokesman said Op Together Forward II failed to reduce violence in Baghdad Said

attacks up 22% since start of Ramadan US forces returned to Dora after it was touted as first area cleared during operation

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Amb Khalzad gave press conference saying Op Together Forward

II in Baghdad working

2006 Report over 20 militias operating in Baghdad Mahdi Army splintering

2006 Report police unit blamed for killing 26 Sunnis at food factory in Baghdad’s Amil Unit was

            suspended

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2013 IS held parade in southern Fallujah

2019 Sadrists held protests in Karbala during Arbaeen pilgrimage

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, October 18, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 18

 

1920 Najaf surrendered to British in 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1928 Shiite sheikhs issued statement about conscription saying only the Shiites would be drafted as Kurds

and western tribes would never allow it meaning Shiites would make all the sacrifices

1940 Ger Amb to Turkey told Fin Min Shawkat Germany supported Arabs but gave no specific

promises or support

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The Nationalist Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1980 Pres Carter called on Iraq to withdraw from Iran Carter was trying to get US hostages held by Tehran

released

1980 Iraqi forces attempted to attack Abadan from behind but failed Iranian counterattack in Andimeshk

forced Iraqi retreat

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 7 began to recapture Mehran Iran in central front Discovered by Iraqi intelligence

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1997 PUK and KDP agreed to US brokered ceasefire in civil war Clashes continued

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 2nd CIA report on story that Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger Said Iraq didn’t have

facilities to process uranium

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said Iraq behind 9/11

2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Under Sec of Def Feith to create postwar planning office for Iraq Cancelled few

days later Cancellation came from White House that didn’t want postwar planning because could derail invasion

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2006 ISI held march in Ramadi to declare its Islamic state and mark its new name

2006 CENTCOM briefing said Iraq heading towards chaos Increased sectarian violence despite U.S.

security plan

2008 Female suicide bomber killed at Sahwa checkpoint in Salahaddin

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers0

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 Govt committee to investigate attacks on Christians in Mosul found some army units worked with

armed groups and weren’t protecting Christians

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 4 armed members of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard were found and arrested in Diyala by ISF

(Musings On Iraq Iranians And Special Groups Forces Returning To Iraq)

2011 Exxon signed oil and gas deal with KRG marking 1st major energy company to enter region

(Musings On Iraq New Twists In Exxon-Kurd Oil Deal)

2017 KRG Election Comm said it stopped preparations for presidential and parliamentary elections

because no candidates

(Musings On Iraq In Face Of Referendum Fallout Kurdish Ruling Parties Decide To Hold Onto Power)

2017 UN warned Election Comm that choosing electronic voting system would undermine trust in

voting

2018 Out going Oil Minister Luabi transferred 9 state oil companies to new Iraq National Oil Company that

he headed PM Designate Mahdi warned that his govt would cancel any orders it felt illegal

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Starts Reviving National Oil Company)

2019 Amnesty reported govt had on going campaign against activists and journalists for

protests Included threats arrests and disappearances

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, October 17, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 17

 

1909 Mosul representatives to new Ottoman Assembly left for Istanbul Was part of Young Turks’

reforms

1920 Kufa fell to British during 1920 Revolt Led to surrender of Najaf next day Tribal siege of Diwaniya

also ended

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1973 Saddam said govt and KDP were far apart on autonomy talks for Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1980 UN Security Council discussed Iran-Iraq War Addressed by Iran and Iraq Iran Foreign Min told UN

Iraq was aggressor Saddam wanted to overthrow Iranian govt Iraq backed by superpowers and Arab countries Iraq Foreign Min said Iran violated treaties attacked border towns never replied to letters calling for negotiations UN Security Council backed Secretary General’s attempts to negotiate a ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 Iraq held national census

1994 Iraqi defector Saadi claimed he went to Jordan with Mukhabarat to buy nuke material from

Russians for a bomb

2001 Bush called PM Blair Told him Iraq probably behind anthrax letters in US

2001 NY Times article reported Iraqi defector saw Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak to take

airliners Said INC claimed Iraq diplomat met bin Laden in 98 and offered him safe haven Reported Czech Inter Min said 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague

2003 Iraqi prisoner photographed stripped and handcuffed to cell door by US jailers at Abu Ghraib

2003 Gunfight outside Sadr office in Karbala killed 3 US soldiers and 7 Iraqis

2004 Zarqawi pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda Tawhid wal Jihad became Al

Qaeda in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

2004 Heavy fighting in east and south Fallujah between US forces and insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2006 NSC started review of Iraq strategy to come up with new one

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Interior Min fired 3,000 police for human rights abuses corruption connection to militias 1

Police Commando commander and a public order brigade commander removed for ties to militias

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2006 After 4 days of sectarian fighting Iraqi army and US forces deployed to Balad Almost entire

Sunni population had fled

2008 ISF arrested 4 ISI members planning attacks on Christians in Mosul Since attacks started in Oct

9,360 had fled city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Times For Iraq’s Christians)

2008 UN reported more Iraqis seeking asylum than any other nationality 1st 6 months of 2008

            165,100 Iraqis asked for asylum

2016 Mosul campaign started with joint operations between Iraqi forces and Peshmerga

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Ret. Col Witty on the Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Horizon Client Access’ Alex Mello on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Amnesty International’s Donatella Rovera on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with International Center for Study of Radicalization’s Charlie Winter on how IS media dealt with its defeat in Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with BBC’s Quentin Sommerville on the Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Niqash’s Mustafa Habib on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Stephen Kalin on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with AFP’s Ahmad Mousa on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Florian Neuhof on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

2017 Kurds withdrew from Khanaqin Diyala Also Bashiqa Makhmour Gwar Rabia part of Sinjar Ninewa

that they occupied in 2014 Was gun battle between Hashd and Police vs Peshmerga at Mosul Dam

(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Aftermath)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back to 2014 Borders)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Peshmerga clashed with Hashd at Mosul Dam before handing over facility to govt forces

2017 5 Turkish soldiers killed by IEDs laid by PKK 1st time in years Turkish soldiers killed by PKK in Iraq

Would start escalation of conflict End of 2017 318 PKK fighters and 23 Turkish soldiers killed along with 23 Turks wounded in fighting

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Frederike Geerdink on escalating conflict between PKK and Turks in Iraq)

2019 Maliki Hakim Abadi all condemned govt going after journalists

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, October 16, 2020

Review A Short History of Iraq, Second Edition

Abdullah, Thabit, A Short History of Iraq, Second Edition, Harlow: Pearson Education Limited, 2011


 

Professor Thabit Abdullah wrote a short and concise book in A Short History of Iraq. It starts with the Arab conquest of what would become Iraq in the 7th Century and goes up to U.S. occupation. Throughout each period he talks about the political and economic developments with a bit on culture as well. Abdullah emphasizes that Iraq has constantly seen conflict and divisions but also periods of stability and growth.

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 16

 

1973 Iraqi, Syrian and Jordanian forces attacked Israeli positions but were turned back

1991 Turkish army launched ground assault into Kurdistan to attack PKK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 CIA Dir Tenet met with UK officials and agreed no Iraq-9/11 connection

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Iraq held elections where Saddam voted president for another 7 years

2002 Iraq renewed offer for new UN inspections after US rejected deal

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 French Pres Chirac said no Iraq Al Qaeda ties and attacking Iraq could lead to new terrorist

attacks

2002 State Dept intel agency gave CIA DIA NSA Energy Dept copies of Iraq-Niger uranium

documents

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 UN Resolution 1511 set 12/15/03 as date for Iraqi Governing Council to submit plan for

interim govt and constitution

2003 UK Def Sec Hoon said that attacks on Coalition were increasing and Coalition response in

Sunni areas was alienating Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Attacks upon 5 churches

2006 PM Maliki called Bush said he was worried US had set 2 month deadline for him to control

sectarian violence Said deadline and talk of dividing Iraq were undermining his govt Bush said he supported Maliki

2006 Report US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey was worried that ISF couldn’t take over security as planned

start of 07 Casey said US could have substantial troop drawdowns but had to increase US forces by 10,000 due to violence in Baghdad

2006 PM Maliki interview said his govt wouldn’t disarm militias until end of 06/early 07 Said US

forces would start large withdrawals start of 07 Rejected US operations vs Mahdi Army in Sadr City

2006 Iraq Body Count criticized Lancet casualty report Said meant 500,000 death certificates were issued

but not recorded by govt Would mean thousands of Iraqis were wounded and never went for medical help Would mean only 1/10 of Iraqi deaths were recorded

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2006 Sunni tribesmen fired mortars into Balad 13 vehicles stopped at police checkpoint south of Balad and

people taken away by insurgents afer 2 days of killings by Shiites for 26 Shiites killed in Dhuluiya Total of 80 bodies arrived at Balad morgue

2007 Report US stopped UK withdrawal from Basra for 5 months During time 25 UK soldiers killed and

58 wounded US said Iran would move into city if UK pulled out too soon British said Iraqi nationalism would hold Iran in check PM Maliki sent general to Basra to tell UK it should leave to reduce tensions

2007 Report Dec 06 US Embassy memo said every Iraqi ministry plagued by corruption Singled out

Interior Min as one of the worst Health Min run by Sadrists who extorted doctors and private clinics and stole drugs

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2007 Report US organized 34 Sahwa units in central Iraq 25 were Sunni 9 Shiite

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2012 PM Maliki suspended Central Bank of Iraq head Shababi after he refused to stop dinar re-

valuation Appointed ally Turki head of Board of Supreme Audit as new bank head

2017 Iraqi forces moved towards military base and oil fields in south Kirkuk Fighting broke out with

Peshmerga PUK withdrew most of its forces leading KDP to do the same Allowed joint forces to take most of Kirkuk province including Bai Hassan Avana and Baba Gargur oil and gas fields denying KRG of roughly half its revenues

(Musings On Iraq Kirkuk Aftermath)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back to 2014 Borders)

(Musings On Iraq Seven Expert Opinions On The Kirkuk Crisis)

2017 KDP called PUK traitors and PUK called KDP thieves after Kurdish withdrawal from Kirkuk

2017 PUK withdrew its forces from Jawala Qara Tapa Mandali Daquq in northeast Diyala after meeting

with governor and army chief of staff

(Musings On Iraq In Face Of Referendum Fallout Kurdish Ruling Parties Decide To Hold Onto Power)

2017 Fighting broke out between Peshmerga and Hashd in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Widespread looting

and burning of homes and businesses by Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Fall Back To 2014 Borders)

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi asked Sistani to help end protests but he refused Iran Rev Guard’s Gen

Suleimani flew to Najaf and warned Sistani had had to pick between the protests and the govt

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Joins Protests While Govt Continues With Promises And Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2019 Report Pro-Iran Hashd units deployed 3rd day of protests to put them down Used snipers

            in Baghdad Included elements of Hashd commission

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2019 Iraqi Media House said journalists were fleeing Baghdad and south due to death threats

View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 24

  1978 Pres Assad visited Baghdad 1 st time to talk about unifying Iraq and Syria Issued unification declaration 1980...