Wednesday, November 13, 2019

New School Strike And Continued Protest Actions In Southern Iraq

Students on strike in Maysan province (Al Ghad Press)


Iraq’s Teachers’ Union called for a new general strike after the first one expired a few days ago. That shut down most of the country’s schools in the south. Speaking of that region, protesters tried to re-start the sit-in camp in Basra, there were more clashes in Dhi Qar, and new demonstrations in Karbala and Maysan.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 13


1929 PM Sadoun shot himself due to criticism he faced over his performance
1963 Baath National Guard commander Wandawi began bombing Rasheed Camp while Guard
rampaged through Baghdad
1963 Baath Sec Gen Sadi said party run by new 15 member council headed by Gen Bakr
1980 Iraq launched new attack in Khuzistan province southern Iran Attacked Dezful but stopped
after only a few miles Iran counterattacked and recaptured Alvan Shush Naderi Iraq attacked Ahwaz but got stuck
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1981 UN Resolution 36/27 again criticized Israel’s destruction of Osirak nuclear reactor and said
Israel should pay for damages
1982 Saddam ran informal referendum backed by pro-Saddam marches
1986 Rev Command Council meeting believed Israel was behind Reagan selling weapons to Iran in
Iran-Contra scandal
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam replaced Interior Minister Ali Hassan al-Majid with Wathban Ibrahim Hassan
1992 Turkey began withdrawing troop after month long operation in norther Kurdistan against PKK
1995 KDP and PUK restarted US brokered peace talks to end civil war but came to no agreement
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1998 Tariq Aziz told CNN UN inspectors spying for US and Israel
1998 UN chief Annan sent letter to Saddam saying he had to cooperate with inspectors to avoid a
US-UK military strike Annan told Iraq that if cooperated with inspectors Security Council would discuss Iraq’s disarmament to move towards ending sanctions
1998 Countries told Iraq that if it didn’t back down on inspectors it would be hit by US within 24
hours
1998 Iraq sent letter to UN blaming US for blocking review of Iraq’s disarmament Said because of
UN chief Annan it would cooperate with inspectors again
1998 Tariq Aziz went on CNN to say that Iraq would let inspectors return US B-52 bombers were
only about an hour away from bombing Iraq Clinton recalled them
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
2002 Iraq accepted UN Resolution 1441 to allow UN weapons inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld memo to Bush Said inspections were important because Saddam would make a
mistake and the military would be ready to react as soon as Bush gave the order
2002 PM Blair said that goal of UN Res 1441 was disarming Iraq not regime change
2002 PM Blair told UK cabinet that UN Res 1441 meant military action could be taken against Iraq in case
of violations without a 2nd resolution
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 US forces launched Op Iron Hammer to hunt down insurgents in Baghdad
2005 US forces found 173 prisoners in secret prison in Baghdad run by Badr unit of Interior Ministry
Prisoners were tortured
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2005 18 Sunni men found handcuffed blindfolded and shot in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 Bush met Iraq Study Group Said Iraq part of ideological struggle in world Said US needed to
back PM Maliki Group didn’t think Bush knew what victory in Iraq meant besides platitudes
2006 Iraq Study Group met with US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey who said Iraqis had to eventually take
control of own affairs Casey said that sectarian violence problem in Iraq but PM Maliki only talked about Baathists
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Iraq Study Group met CIA Dir Hayden who said Maliki govt only talked about Baathists not
sectarian violence Hayden said stable and democratic Iraq may not be possible
2006 Dep Cmdr US forces in Anbar said Baghdad wasn’t paying police in province and Anbaris felt
Baghdad neglecting them Maliki govt claimed ghost police hindered paying forces
2006 Weekly Standard had two OpEds by Frederick Kagan criticizing Bush admin for not sending
enough troops to Iraq and calling for temporary troop surge to stabilize country Kagan helped draft plan that would lead to Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2007 Karbala fired 340 police linked to Mahdi Army Part of conflict between ISCI and Sadrists for control
of south
2007 Report Still sectarian fighting in Baghdad’s Sadiya and Salam Amil Baya Jihad Shurta Rabia ceasefires
made between Sunnis and Shiites Bodies found civilians killed car bombings all down since start of 07 Life returning to central Bagdhad Shops re-opening
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2008 Iraqi Army following Order 101 moved to evict 4,000 squatters from Hurriya Baghdad Was
supposed to allow displaced to return to area Were mostly Shiite who had moved into area after Sunnis were expelled during civil war
(Musings On Iraq article on Order 101)
2008 MP Latif gave petition to Election Commission calling for referendum to turn Basra into
federal region Effort failed
(Musings On Iraq article on effort to turn Basra into region)
2013 Fallujah’s mayor killed by a sniper
2015 Peshmerga freed Sinjar town
2016 Iraqi forces freed Nimrod Ninewa

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

New Clashes In South Iraq As Another Activist Disappears In Baghdad

Basra (Al Mirbad)


There were new clashes between demonstrators and the security forces (ISF) in southern Iraq. That centered around Basra where people tried to return to the city after the sit in site was broken up by the authorities as well as Nasiriya where there was a  confrontation outside government offices for the second day. Finally, in Baghdad another activist has gone missing.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 12


1914 British forces in Fao launched reconnaissance in force near Salhan, Basra
1927 Kurdish MP Rowanduzi said Shiites and Kurds both opposed govt conscription for army
1963 Baath founder Aflaq went to Iraq to solve internal Baath dispute
1968 68 coup member Nasir al-Hani special adv to Pres Bakr assassinated
1991 Govt and Kurds agreed to ceasefire Iraq would end blockade of Kurdistan and Peshmerga
would withdraw to Irbil
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1997 Iraq expelled 6 US weapons inspectors claiming they were spies Almost entire inspection staff
withdrawn as a result
1997 UN Resolution 1137 demanded Iraq allow full and unhindered weapons inspections
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
1997 Wall St Journal op ed by David Wurmser called for US supporting INC and revolt in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
1998 Iraq Amb to UN told military strike impending if did not agree to work with weapons
inspectors again
2001 INC presented Iraqi defector Lami who claimed Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak and had
anthrax
2001 Safire column NY Times said 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi diplomat in 2001 was undisputed
fact Story false
2002 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks said if US didn't act on Iraq it could acquire and use a nuclear
weapon
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith told Foreign Sec Straw that he wasn’t sure UN Resolution 1441
would give legal basis for war with Iraq Straw told Goldsmith he thought 1441 meant Iraq had to comply or else
2002 NYTimes article claimed Iraq bought anti-WMD drugs as sign that it had WMD and was going
to use it
2003 Zarqawi bombed Italian police in Nasiriyah killing 19 Italians 15 civilians and wounding
around 100
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2003 Bush decided US should turn over sovereignty to Iraq early against CPA plan
2004 Marines attacked southern Fallujah 2nd Battle of Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Sec State Powell told Bush and PM Blair weren’t enough ground forces in Iraq to secure country
2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld Iraq might take 9-13 yrs
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 AP estimated avg of 45 killed per day in Baghdad UN estimated 100 violent deaths per day in
Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2006 2 suicide bombers hit crowd of police recruits in Baghdad Killed 35 wounded 56 In Baquba
Diyala 50 bodies found
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 120 Albu Alwan tribesmen following Sheikh Raad Sabah al-Alwani volunteered for Anbar police
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Report Cmdr Iraq 5th Div in Diyala came into office with list of Sunnis to arrest from Maliki
govt US commanders believed 5th Div going after Sunni sheikhs and politicians to stop community organizing politically US also accused ISF of running death squds in Muqtadiya
2006 PM Maliki told MPs his govt was weak because political parties had forced ministers on him
Some were incompetent
2007 Interior Min claimed ISI War Min Masri killed Wasn’t true Said 75% of insurgent leaders dead
Admitted to using torture to get confessions
2007 Report US organized Sahwa of former insurgents in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr Based upon Janabi tribe
many of which were in Islamic Army Made deal with Mahdi Army in nearby Musayib to halt attacks
2007 Sahwa in Baghdad’s Adhamiya claimed ISI driven out of district
2009 PM Maliki told sheikhs in Sadr City that enemies of Iraq were going to use 2010 elections undermine
the country
(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)
2011 Diyala council voted to make province a federal region
(Musings On Iraq article on Diyala’s attempt to become federal region)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, November 11, 2019

Protests Continue In Iraq After Basra Demos Put Down

Were clashes between protesters and security forces in Nasiriya (Al Mirbad)


The Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) successfully shut down the protests in Basra city and Um Qasr port using force. November 10 the authorities closed off the central square in Basra city and arrested those that showed up to demonstrate. Students however came out at their university in Zubayr in support of the larger movement. In Baghdad six people were killed in clashes trying to enter Khalani Square, which the government cleared yesterday. An office of the Justice Ministry was burned in the center of the city as well. Activists continued with events in the south. Government offices were shut down by protests in Babil’s Hilla. In Dhi Qar’s Shatrah people burned three politicians’ houses from Sairoon, Fatah, and State of Law. There were also clashes as people tried to enter the education directorate in Nasiriya leading to three deaths. A border crossing with Iran was temporarily blocked by crowds in Maysan as was a radio station in Diwaniya. Peaceful sit ins continued in most of the major cities in southern Iraq as well. Closing the Basra protest sites is the first real victory for the government since the start of the unrest in October. Um Qasr port was shut down and costing the country millions, while Basra is Iraq’s second city. That was followed by pushing the demonstrators out of parts of central Baghdad. These appeared to be the first steps in an effort by Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi to put an end to the protests using force. If this is the start of a crackdown it will be a bloody affair. Already 319 have been killed, although that figure does include a few members of the security forces. With the support of Iran, Hadi Amiri’s Fatah list, and the Kurds, Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi has dug in and refused to resign. Instead he is offering meaningless reforms like changing his cabinet and setting up a committee to amend the constitution, something that will never happen. If violence is the government’s last resort, it will make a mockery of Iraq’s democracy, and will not stop people’s anger at the political system. People will eventually return to the streets as they have for the last eight years. By ignoring this discontent the elite have created a revolutionary situation, that could either lead to their demise or a more formal oligarchic rule.

Iraq’s Oil Exports Dipped In September Leading To Drop In Revenue

(AFP)

In August 2019, Iraq produced a record level of oil, which violated its quota set by OPEC. Due to complains from that organization, Iraq reduced its output in September, leading to a drop in exports, which also cut into revenues, despite an increase in prices.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 11


1914 Battle of Basra began when Ottomans attacked and were turned back by British troops
1920 League of Nations announced British mandate over Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Dictatorship, Imperialism & Chaos, Iraq since 1989)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1920 Abd al-Rahman al-Gaylani became Iraq’s 1st prime minister
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
1922 UK Colonial Sec argued UK should keep Mosul Said if Turks gained Mosul would be threat to
UK holdings in Iraq and King Faisal
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1956 Communists issued manifesto saying violence might be necessary for Iraq’s circumstances
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1963 Baath election put moderates in control and Sec Gen Ali Sadi was exiled to Spain Sadi’s
supporters protested Baath militia went on rampage Attacked Rasheed military base in Bagdhad Sadi’s supporters in air force bombed presidential palace in Baghdad
1973 KDP attacked Communist villages in Sulaymaniya accusing them of taking arms from govt
and attacking party
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1982 Iran ended Op Muharram after failing to gain much territory in Maysan and Diyala Iran lost
4000 dead Iraq 3000 dead and 3500 taken prisoner
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1987 Arab League meeting condemned Iran for not ending Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam dismissed his son in law Gen Hussein Kamal as Defense Minister Replaced him with
his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid who was the Interior Minister
1998 UN Secretary Gen Annan appealed to Saddam to work with weapons inspectors again
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2001 London Observer quoted INC defector Khodada that Iraq trained terrorists at Salman Pak to
hijack planes like 9/11
2003 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez said US would be more aggressive fighting insurgency
2003 Bush said Iraq and war on terror were like struggle against Communism
2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said that US facing low-intensity war in Iraq
2003 Bremer called Washington over unhappiness with his longterm plan for Iraq and transferring
sovereignty
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2003 NSC meeting CIA official said US facing insurgency in Iraq Def Sec Rumsfeld said that was wrong
word and wanted definition Bremer agreed with CIA official that US facing insurgency in Iraq Bush said he didn’t see an insurgency in press and didn’t want to hear about it in press Bush said US had to stay the course and succeed in Iraq Dep Sec of Sate Armitage thought Bush in denial about what was happening in Iraq Def Sec Rumsfeld said Iraqis had to take things over to show them they had to run their own country
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review State of War, The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration)
2003 Pentagon refuted Weekly Standard and Under Sec of Def Feith claims of Iraq-Al Qaeda ties since 90s
2004 Zarqawi arrived in Ramadi after leaving Fallujah during 2nd battle for city
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq seized 14 police stations and established temporary control of Mosul
2004 Insurgents attacked police stations across Ramadi causing collapse of force
2005 Bush announced US Iraq strategy was clear hold build Didn't tell military beforehand and not
actual policy
(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)
2005 Sec State Rice arrived in Mosul to announce first US Provincial Reconstruction Team
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)
2007 PM Maliki speech Said security improvement was remarkable and would allow Iraq to move past
sectarian war Talked about amnesty for those that supported insurgents but didn’t commit crimes
2007 PM Maliki put a freeze on hiring sahwa into govt fearing insurgent infiltration
2007 PM Maliki announced 18,000 militiamen including Badr members were to be integrated into the
            ISF
2007 Head of police intel in Karbala from Sadrists arrested Accused of planning to kill Karbala police chief
who was from ISCI Part of on going feud between two parties in south
2007 US Gen for south Iraq said ISI losing ground due to Sahwa Iranians weapons still a problem
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2007 Report US contracted with Iraqi business man in 2004 to provide arms for police Sold weapons on
the side US didn’t follow procedures on contract Police sold their own weapons US then contracted with American company that also sold weapons on the side
2010 New parliament had 2nd session in 5 months Elected Nujafi new speaker

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, November 10, 2019

After Shutting Down Basra Protests Crackdown Moves To Baghdad

(Reuters)

The Iraqi security forces (ISF) closed the protest sites in Basra. With that being done the government has now moved onto Baghdad in what increasingly looks like a crackdown to put an end to the demonstrations.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 10


1958 Iraqi Communist Party issued plan for Kurdistan saying it supported Kurdish self-
government within Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1968 Baath assassinated former Foreign Minister Nasir Hani and arrested Western businessmen
1980 Iraq claimed Iran started Iran-Iraq War by bombing border towns in Sep 80
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)
1980 Iraq gave up claim to break up Iran but said its right to Iranian territory would be determined
on battlefield
1981 Iran rejected Iraqi call for a ceasefire and said it was a sign of weakness by Baghdad
1982 Iraq counterattacked Iran Op Muslim ibn Aqil in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1982 Saddam said Iran wanted to rule Iraq not just get rid of him
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Iraqi army attacked Peshmerga in Dawud after they refused to retreat to Irbil
1994 Iraq parliament recognized Kuwait’s border and independence
1997 Iraq said it would not allow any US planes to be used for weapons inspections
1998 All UN weapons inspectors left Iraq after Baghdad refused to cooperate anymore
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
2003 Bremer met Bush saying two routes for Iraq could be elections for new govt or CPA could hold
caucuses to pick govt Bush backed CPA
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2003 CIA report more Iraqis joining insurgency Said Iraqi leaders not showing ability to run country
(Musings On Iraq book review State of War, The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration)
2003 PUK HQ in Kirkuk bombed by insurgents
(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In
2003)
2004 Ayatollah Sistani called for a peaceful resolution of 2nd Battle of Fallujah Expulsion of foreign
fighters Return of govt forces
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq took responsibility for hotel bombings in Jordan Later realized attacks cost it
public support and tried to justify them by claiming they were targeting Israelis and Americans and would never attack Jordanian public
2005 Nat Sec Adv Hadley denied that White House manipulated Iraq intel before 2003 invasion
2006 Bush formally asked his staff to review Iraq strategy because not working
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Iraq Health Min estimated 150,000 deaths since 2003 Previous Iraqi counts were 45,000-50,000
Refuted Lancet study that estimated 655,000 deaths
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
2006 Report After rejecting a US timetable for ISF to take over security PM Maliki wanted one that would
have Iraqi forces assume control of most of Iraq by end of 2006 which was in original US plan
2006 Dawa MP Adeeb said that including Sunnis in govt was mistake Accused Iraqi Accordance
Front of being front for insurgency Said Sunnis wanted to seize power in a coup Accordance Front MP Hayali said Shiites didn’t want to share power Didn’t follow through with promises to remove militias from ISF Committee was supposed to work out differences within govt after election but never happened Sadrist MP Shanshal said parties were told national unity govt was only way to save Iraq but didn’t work
2007 Lions of Adhamiya Sahwa group announced in Baghdad
2007 2nd day of fighting between Islamic Army and ISI in Samarra after ISI blamed for killing 4 Islamic
Army leaders
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2009 Human Rights Watch report After 03 Kurds kicked out Arabs around Mosul Helped lead to insurgency
in Ninewa Insurgents targeted Christians Yazidis Shabaks Oct 08 insurgents tried to drive Christians out of Mosul 40 killed 12,000 fled Kurds tried to co-opt Ninewa minorities via patronage intimidation threats attacks
(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch: Ninewa’s Minorities Under Pressure From Both Sunni Insurgents and Kurds)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)
2010 Pres Barzani called meeting and agreed on new govt Maliki would remain PM Talabani stayed Pres
Allawi would head new strategic council Nujafi would be speaker of parliament Called Irbil Agreement
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2014 IS announced it got allegiance from groups in Egypt Libya Yemen Algeria Saudi Arabia
2018 Sit in protest started at West Qurna 2 oil field in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on renewed Basra protests)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Govt Moving To Break Up Southern Iraq Protests

Basra (Al Mirbad)


There have been several reports that Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi has chosen to shut down the protest movement using force. There was evidence that might have started with attacks upon the demonstrators in Basra, Karbala, and Dhi Qar.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 9

1914 With English attack on Basra coming locals went to Shiite clergy asking for help to
defend city
1933 Jamil al-Midfai became PM of Iraq, would hold office 5 times
1969 Revolutionary Command Council went from 5 to 15 All new members were Baathists Saddam
become vice chairman
1982 Saddam called for referendum in Iraq and Iran to see who was more popular he or Khomeini
1989 Sec of State Baker offered Iraq $1 bil in grain credits even though knew Iraq was abusing
program by demanding kickbacks
1990 UK intel report said Iraq had weaponized anthrax and plague and could use them at any time
Was based upon single source whose reliability had not been established yet
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
2004 Marines cleared Jolan neighborhood 2nd Battle of Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Iraqi Islamic Party withdrew from interim govt due to 2nd Battle of Fallujah Industry Min
Hasani refused to quit and was expelled from party
2004 Insurgents seized 66% of Mosul’s police stations
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed 3 western hotels in Jordan Led to condemnation of Zarqawi by Jordanians
2006 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon Bowen told BBC Iraqi corruption could cost $4 bil a year Said
lack of skilled staff in Iraqi govt meant $8-$10 bil of budget couldn’t be spent
(Musings On Iraq interview with Vincent Foulk former US anti-graf official)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Stuart Bowen Special Inspetor General for Iraq Reconstruction)
2007 Islamic Army accused ISI of killing 4 of its leaders led to 2 days of fighting between two groups in
Samarra
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2009 Sahwa leaders in Dora Baghdad and Baquba Diyala arrested Part of PM Maliki’s crackdown on Sahwa
(Musings On Iraq Problems With Integrating Sons of Iraq Continue)
2018 Protest in Basra demanding referendum be held to turn province into autonomous region
(Musings On Iraq article on renewed Basra protests) 

Friday, November 8, 2019

Will Iraq’s PM Abdul Mahdi Put An End To The Protests?

(AP)

There were clashes between the security forces and protesters in Basra and Baghdad as there was more news that Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi wants to use force to end the demonstrations.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 8


1914 British troops after landing at Fao Peninsula captured Ottoman Fao Fort
1980 Saddam said Iraq was ready to withdraw from Iran if Tehran recognized Iraq’s rights to Shatt
al-Arab Iran refused
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Bush asked if he would use force to expel Iraq from Kuwait Wouldn’t answer the question Did
say there would be enough US forces for offensive action
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
1996 Report Baghdad was selling weapons to KDP in its conflict with the PUK
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2001 NY Times talked with 2 Iraqi defectors provided by INC One was Quairy Claimed Mukhabarat
trained Islamists and produced WMD to attack US Story coincided with INC defectors appearing in PBS’ Frontline Abu Zeinab later turned out to be a fake coached by INC
2001 Frontline aired “Gunning for Saddam” Was full of conspiracies about Iraq being behind 9/11
and that it should be attacked Interviewed with Ex Iraq nuke scientist Khidhir Hamza who said Iraq behind 9/11 Richard Perle said Saddam most dangerous man in world because he could use WMD against US Ex-CIA Chief Woolsey said Iraq probably behind Al Qaeda and 1993 World Trade Center bombing Laurie Mylroie Said Iraq behind Al Qaeda INC defector Khodada Claimed he saw jihadists training with Iraqis in Salman Pak including taking airliners Said this was connected to 9/11
(Musings On Iraq article on Mylroie’s Iraq conspiracy theories)
2002 UN Resolution 1441 said Iraq was in violation of previous resolutions and authorized new
weapons inspections anywhere in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Hangs Blix Replies To Tony Blair)
2002 UN Res 1441 was immediately interpreted in different ways France said it meant a 2nd resolution
was necessary to go to war UK said it was last chance for Iraq or it would suffer the consequences
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Red Cross withdrew most of its staff after Zarqawi bombing
2004 2 Marine regiments started attack in 2nd Battle of Fallujah clearing northern section of city
Zarqawi believed to have fled Fallujah during 2nd battle for city
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Sadr issued statement calling on Iraqi forces to not take part in the 2nd Battle of Fallujah
Association of Muslim Scholars also condemned the battle
2004 Battle of Mosul began
2004 Rumsfeld said most of Iraq stable with violence only in 4 of 18 provinces
2005 Another one of Saddam’s lawyers was killed in an ambush
2006 NatlSecAdv Hadley memo to Bush Said Maliki had good intentions Said Maliki either didn’t
know what was going on in Iraq was lying about it or didn’t have power to do what he wanted Asked whether Maliki was able to rise above sectarian politics Talked about ethnosectarian cooperation but was moving to consolidate Shiite control of state Asked if US and Maliki wanted same thing Said Maliki wanted to be a good leader but didn’t seem like he knew how Was stopped raids against militias and encouraging raids on insurgents Removed good ISF commanders based upon sect Only listened to small group of advisers
2006 Bush announced Rumsfeld out as Secretary of Defense in large part because of Iraq
2007 Basra education director from ISCI escaped IED as Shiite factions vied for control of province
2007 ISCI controlled Karbala police chief accused Mahdi Army of 668 murders from 2004-07 including 62
police along with dozens of robberies and kidnappings Part of on going struggle between ISCI and Sadrists for control of south
2009 Parliamentary election law passed expanding number of seats to 325
(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Finally Does Its Job – Passes Election Law)
2012 US Treasury Dept designated Kataib Hezbollah a terrorist organization
2016 Peshmerga freed Bashiqa Ninewa
2018 Protest in northern Basra over jobs and services
(Musings On Iraq article on renewed Basra protests)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Battle Of The Bridges In Baghdad As Protests Expand To Economic Targets in South Iraq

Stand off in Baghdad (Reuters)


Protests in Iraq took another twist on November 6. In Baghdad people expanded from the two bridges immediately by Tahrir Square to several more. In southern Iraq demonstrators went after more political and economic targets.

This Day In Iraqi Hisory - Nov 7


1914 British troops started march from the port of Fao to the city of Basra
1940 British cabinet decided to send emissary to Iraq to demand Regent remove PM Gaylani from
power for his overtures to Axis
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1968 Baath National Guard fired on Communist march killing 3
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1978 Iraq and Syria announced they were working to unify their two states
1980 Iranian commandos attacked Iraqi oil export terminals at Mina al-Bakr and Fao
1987 Iraqis attacked Kurds in Mawat Kurdistan clearing 200 sq km
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
2002 UK Embassy in US said hawks in Washington thought UN Res 1441 authorizing new weapons
inspections was a defeat
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid told Bremer US should bring back ex-Iraq officers into new
army Bremer said no
2004 2nd Battle of Fallujah started
2004 PM Allawi declared martial law for 2 months Ordered curfew in Fallujah and closed Baghdad
international airport
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2006 Interior Ministry charged almost 100 police including 18 officers and a general for torturing
prisoners at east Baghdad Site 4 detention facility Held 1,431 people
2007 ISCI controlled police arrested Sadrists in Diwaniya Sadrist dep governor of Karbala fled after
clashes between ISCI police and Mahdi Army despite Sadr freeze on militia PM Maliki appointed police chief in Karbala survived assassination attempt in Basra
2007 US cmdr in Baghdad said reduction in violence in capital sustainable Said ISI no longer had foothold
in city IEDs down 70% Death squad killings down 80%
2010 Turkey’s Foreign Min Davutoglu travelled to Iraq to try to help form new govt
2015 Maliki said Abadi’s reforms were unconstitutional
2015 PM Abadi went to Najaf to gain more support for reforms but Sistani would not meet with him
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Protest At Um Qasr Port Broken Up And Mass Arrests In Baghdad

Protesters stormed a marine base after sit in site at Um Qasr Port in Basra was broken up (Al Hurra)

The government’s crackdown continued as protesters found new avenues to carry out actions against the regime. That included breaking up the sit in in front of the Um Qasr port in Basra, and an arrest campaign in Baghdad. On the other hand, government offices were shut down and politicians had their homes burned. There appears no end in sight to the unrest as the political class refuses to carry out major changes.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 6

1914 British troops landed at Fao, Basra starting war against Ottomans in Mesopotamia
1979 Iraq’s consulates in Iran’s Kermanshah and Khorramshahr were occupied
1982 Iranian Op Muharram Iran seized several border crossings Abu Shirib and Bayat oil fields in
Maysan Iraq counterattacked to try to take back oil fields but failed Rain ended Iranian offensive Iran lost 4,000 dead Iraq lost 3,000 dead 3,500 prisoners
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1983 Iranian Op Wa al-Farj 4 Made 2nd major attack Seized Penjwin KDPI HQ and moved towards
Sulaymaniya Was stopped by Iraqi counterattack using mustard gas 1st use of chemical weapons in war
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1990 SecState Baker convinced China to abstain on UN resolution to allow use of force against
Iraq for Kuwait invasion
1994 Iran fired SCUD missiles at Mujahadeen e-Khalq camp in Iraq
1998 Clinton admin sent letter to Congress saying US would support Kurds as long as they
remained united
2002 UN told that Iraq cut back on oil smuggling but still continuing in violation of UN sanctions
2002 Sec State Powell got ok from Natl Sec Adv Rice to make deal with France on UN resolution
to allow UN inspections in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Congress authorized $18.4 bil for Iraq reconstruction
2003 Bush speech If democracy failed in Iraq would be win for terrorism and bad for Middle East
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
2003 Report Saddam offered to allow US troops to search country for WMD before invasion
2003 UK Foreign Sec Straw told cabinet that CPA’s political plan needed changes and that British
should talk with US about it
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Bremer said that after meeting with Iraqi Governing Council he realized that his long
            term political plan was dead Was actually due to White House
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2004 Fallujah police collapsed after night attack by insurgents
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2005 Report Feb 2002 DIA said Al Qaeda captive Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi was misleading in
statements about Iraq-Al Qaeda cooperation Libi continued to be source of Bush admin statements about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties after it was believed he was making things up
2005 Report Italian intel SISMI appeared to be source for both US and UK claim that Iraq tried to
buy uranium from Niger/Africa SISMI got fake docs from informer Rocco Martino on alleged Iraq-Niger uranium deal and then passed intel to other countries
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2006 Def Sec Rumsfeld memo to White House Iraq not working and needed change Said US should set
benchmarks for Iraqi govt Increases trainers Imbed US forces with ISF Start closing US bases and slow US withdrawal Only help Iraqi provinces that cooperate with US Stop rewarding Iraqis for bad behavior Position US forces along Syrian and Iranian borders to stop infiltrations
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Report insurgent intimidation campaign against ISF and officials in Fallujah U.S. officers
said not enough forces to secure city
2007 US said it would release 9 Iranian Rev guard members it captured in Iraq Said number of Iranian
weapons flowing to Iraq were down due to US raids
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2007 100,000 more Iraqis became displaced 16% increase according to Iraq Red Crescent Displacement
            up since Surge Dep head of Red Crescent said PM Maliki had not given aid to displaced as promised
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2012 Pres Barzani called on Democratic Union Party and Kurdish National Council to stop
fighting each other in Syria
2015 Friday sermon Ayatollah Sistani rep said Abadi’s reforms should not be blocked
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2016 Iraqi forces freed Hamam al-Alil Ninewa
2017 Iraq Federal Court ruled no province could secede in lawsuit against Kurdish independence
referendum
(Musings On Iraq book review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East

New School Strike And Continued Protest Actions In Southern Iraq

Students on strike in Maysan province (Al Ghad Press) Iraq’s Teachers’ Union called for a new general strike after the first one expi...