Musings On Iraq In The News

Original Writings, Appearances, Partial Citations

Presenting at the ACCORD branch of the Austrian Red Cross, Vienna, Austria, March 2019

Feature article on my work on Iraqi casualties in the Los Angeles Times January 2017

Presenting at Institute of Developing Economics, Tokyo, Japan, July 2016

Original Writings, Appearances, Partial Citations




Chapter in Mardini, Ramzy, ed. Volatile Landscape: Iraq And Its Insurgent Movements, Jamestown Foundation, 2011




Interviewed on NTV Broadcasting Company (Russia), 10/26/19


Interviewed “The Iran-Iraq War and Its Enduring Impact on the Region,” EPIC, 9/25/19


Presented for ACCORD branch of the Austrian Red Cross on the situation in Iraq to help with Iraq asylum cases, Vienna, Austria, 3/28/19


Interviewed BBC Radio 5 on future of the Islamic State and rebuilding Mosul, 7/1/17


Presented at Journalism Association of Community Colleges State Convention in Sacramento, CA on the Iraq War and blogging, April 2017


Interviewed on Radio Sputnik, “Mattis’ Mission to Baghdad Meant to Shore Up US-Iraqi Alliance, Smooth Over Ties,” 2/21/17


Presented at Institute of Developing Economics, Tokyo, Japan on Iraq’s Kurds, July 2016


Presented at Institute of Energy Economics, Tokyo, Japan on Iraq’s foreign relations, July 2016


Presented at Toyo Eiwa University, Tokyo, Japan on the situation in Iraq, July 2016


Presented at Middle East Institute of Japan, Tokyo, Japan on situation in Iraq, July 2016


Interviewed on Joe Geni Podcast, “Episode 22: Does Sykes – Picot Matter?” 5/26/16


Interviewed on TRT World News TV on the liberation of Ramadi, 12/28/15


Interviewed “#20: Under Threat: An Exclusive Report From Iraqi Kurdistan,” EPIC, 4/2/15


Interviewed on CCTV on Iraq’s economy, April 2015


Interviewed “Update on the Conflict in Iraq,” Middle East Week, 9/22/14


Interviewed, “#16: What You Need To Know About What Happened In Sinjar,” EPIC, 9/8/14


Interviewed “An Iraq Update: A Look At The Iraqi Security Crisis,” EPIC, 7/3/14


Interviewed, “#13: Preventing A “Lost Generation” Of Syrian Children,” EPIC, 6/3/14


Interviewed “Iraq’s Election & Budget Problems,” Middle East Week, 5/21/14


Interviewed “Militant Groups in Bahrain & Continuing Problems in Iraq,” Middle East Week, 3/10/14


Interviewed “#11: Bridging Cultures Through Higher Education: The Iraqi Student Project,” EPIC, 2/11/14


Interviewed, “#10: Is Peace In Iraq Possible? The Story Of “Little Iraq,”” EPIC, 1/27/14


Interviewed, “Iraq’s Escalating Violence and the Politics of Renewed Sectarian Conflict,” Project On Middle East Democracy, 12/3/13


Interviewed, “#3: Is Iraq’s Oil A Blessing Or A Curse?” EPIC, 9/12/13


Interviewed, “#2: Party Politics In Iraq,” EPIC, 8/21/13


Interviewed, “#1: Our Podcast Debut,” EPIC, 8/6/13


Interviewed “Episode 51-Iraq Update,” The Loopcast, 7/10/13


Interviewed “Turmoil in Iraq,” Middle East Week, 7/2/13


Original Articles


The ISIS Reader, “Joel Wing’s Notable Books on the Islamic State and the Iraq War,” 12/4/20


Carnegie Middle East Center, “Amid Reports That Iran Is Moving Short-Range Missiles Into Iraq to Hit U.S. Forces, How Can Washington React?” 12/12/19


Leadership, “Iraq Ranked 12th Most Corrupt State In The World: Report,” 2/2/19


eKurd, “Iraq ranked 12th most corrupt state in the world: Transparency International,” 2/2/19


eKurd, “A divided Iraq, but not for traditional reasons: survey,” 1/13/19


Iraqi Translation Project, “The Sadr alliance with the Communists … and the Iraqi elections of 2018,” 5/22/18


NRT, “What to expect from Iraq’s May 2018 elections,” 4/29/18


Young, Michael, “Is a Genuine Saudi-Iraqi Reconciliation in the Works?” Carnegie Middle East Center, 8/31/17


Iraq Newspaper, “US Military Analyst Explains Plan To Liberate Mosul,” 7/11/17


eKurd, “Sinjar dispute between Iraq’s Shiite forces and KDP: interview,” 6/21/17


Vox Pol, “How Is The Islamic State Dealing With its Defeat In Mosul? Interview With Charlie Winter On IS Media Output,” 4/19/17


International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence, “ICSR Insight: How is Islamic State Dealing with its Defeat in Mosul?” 3/13/17


NRT, “Winning the war, losing the peace in Mosul’s east,” 2/27/17


Lucas, Scott, “Iraq Feature: Has Mosul Offensive Turned Corner to Victory?” EA Worldview, 1/22/17


Talos, “Attempt To Shut Out Iraq’s Small Parties Before 2017 Elections | Musings on Iraq,” 11/21/16


eKurd, “New PUK-Gorran alliance in Iraq’s Kurdistan while PUK continues to fracture,” 10/12/16


Business Insider, “ISIS is trying to win over Iraq’s Kurds,” 9/1/16


Al Mada, “The political conflict in Anbar disrupts reconstruction and delays the return of displaced people,” 8/5/16


eKurd, “Kurdistan independence, will not be done on the whim of Barzani,” 8/5/16


Business Insider, “ISIS is suffering a ‘humiliating defeat,” 6/20/16


Business Insider, “Russia provided Iraq with details of the US’s planned invasion in 2003,” 4/15/16


EKurd Daily, “U.S. Naval Academy Prof Wayne Hsieh on Iraq’s disputed Tuz Khurmatu,” 11/24/15


Real Clear Defense, “The Islamic State’s Car Bomb Campaign,” 9/22/15


Talos, “How Is the War Against The Islamic State Going? 10 Expert Opinions | Musings On Iraq,” 8/20/15


Daily Beast, “Iraq’s Big Gamble,” 8/11/15


Real Clear Defense, “Ambassador’s Reflections on Syria and Iraq,” 7/14/15


Real Clear Defense, “Is Iraq An Artificial State? Princeton’s Sara Pursely,” 7/7/15


Real Clear Defense, “Years of Disarray: Interview with Tom Ricks,” 6/25/15


Kurdish Daily News, “The Future Of Iraqi Kurdistan Interview With Columbia University’s David Phillips,” 3/10/15


Notizie Geopolitiche, “Osservatorio Regionale Iraq: Decremento Di Attachi E Violenza Ai Primi Di Dicembre,” 12/12/14


Foreign Policy, “Expert’s picks: The top 10 sites to follow if you want to understand events in Iraq,” 11/28/14


Al Mada, “Analysis: Clearing ground insufficient without gaining support of Sunni tribes,” 11/26/14


Business Insider, “The Rise And Fall Of The ‘Sons Of Iraq,’” 11/3/14


Al Mada, “Corrupt officials stole aid of two million displaced Iraqis,” 11/2/14


Al Mada, “Iraq acknowledges the failure of bomb detector devices after seven years,” 11/1/14


Business Insider, “ISIS’s Surge Through Anbar Province Could Push Iraq To Its Breaking Point,” 10/15/14


Business Insider, “Here Is The Most Crucial Challenge For Iraq’s New Government,” 9/24/14


Al Mada, “3 scenarios to form the next government … and negotiations may take a full year,” 5/2/14


Assyrian International News Agency, “Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency,” 3/3/14


Best Defense, “Iraq in 2013 is a lot like Iraq in 2003, with many of the same mistakes being made,” Foreign Policy, 6/24/13


Best Defense, “The real problem in Iraq is the stalemate behind the current surge in violence there,” Foreign Policy, 5/6/13


Al Mada, “Study: The decline in unemployment rates in Iraq is due to the decline of unemployed people seeking jobs,” 8/25/13


Ekurd Daily, “Current Baghdad-Kurdistan dispute a replay of 2008 Khanaqin incident,” 12/7/12


Washington Institute of Near East Policy, “What Is Security Like Today in Iraq,” 7/31/12


eKurd, “Iraq’s Kurds Push For More Oil Production, While Bickering With Baghdad Over Exports,” 3/21/12


Jamestown Foundation, “The Politics Behind Iraq’s Second Parliamentary Election,” 1/21/10


Mentions and Citations In The Media And Reports


Iddon, Paul, “Kurdistan Needs Air Defenses For Critical Gas Field. Iraq May Have A Solution,” Forbes, 5/7/24


Iddon, Paul, “Iraqi Militias Are Targeting Israel, But Israel Probably Won’t Retaliate With Strikes Inside Iraq,” Forbes, 4/2/24


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Election Announcement Positive Step For Kurdistan Region: Experts,” Kurdistan Chronicle, 3/7/24


ICARO Media Group, “Iran and Militant Allies Still Post Threat to US Troops Despite Decrease in Attacks,” 2/10/24


Iddon, Paul, “The US strikes on Iran-linked militants seem to be working, but that likely won’t last long,” Business Insider, 2/9/24


Iddon, Paul, “Is This The Beginning Of The End For U.S. Troop Deployments In Syria And Iraq?” Forbes, 1/25/24


Tollast, Robert, “US expected to strike Iraqi militias after ‘huge escalation,’” The National, 1/21/24


Akhbar Al An, “Researcher Joel Wing @JoelWing2 says ISIS no longer has a trace,” 1/18/24


Akhbar Al Aan, “The death of ISIS Iraq 2023,” 1/8/24


Iddon, Paul, “Future of US troops in Iraq at risk amid Israel-Hamas war?” The New Region, 11/11/23


Iddon, Paul, “Will Israel-Hamas war in Gaza drag Iraq back into quagmire of conflict?” Arab News, 10/30/23


Aldroubi, Mina, “Where does ISIS have a presence now? Group’s reign of terror wanes in Middle East,” The National, 6/8/23


Kurd Press, “Kurdistan region faces severe internal crisis, serious challenges with Baghdad and Ankara: expert,” 6/3/23


Jairi, Nihad, “Observatory No. 191 | After the failure of the jihadist experiment in Syria, French jihadists retire,” Akh Baralaan, 5/8/23


Hadad, Hamzeh, “Two Decades of Uneven Federalism in Iraq,” Middle East Research and Information Project, Spring 2023


Aldroubi, Mina, “US strike kills ISIS leader in north-west Syria,” The National, 4/3/23


Iddon, Paul, “Why Daesh is still not a spent force despite facing terminal decline in Iraq,” Arab News, 3/22/23


Mahmoud, Sinan ”Iraqi commandos kill 22 ISIS fighters in Anbar desert,” The National, 3/12/23


The National, “Iraqi forces kill six militants in anti-ISIS operations,” 12/11/22


Johnston, Holly, “Iraq ‘neutralises’ suicide bombers in Karbala,” The National, 12/6/22


Tollast, Robert, “Iraq war: 20 years ago today, George Bush warned UN of impending conflict,” The National, 9/12/22


Tollast, Robert, “Who is Moqtada Al Sadr? the Iraqi warlord who claims to fight corruption,” The National, 8/2/22


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “UN envoy meets with Qais Al-Khazali on Iraq government formation,” Kurdistan 24, 7/27/22


Iddon, Paul, “Al-Maliki audio leaks hold clues to Iraq’s failed process of government formation,” Arab News, 7/26/22


Benson, Christina, Malkawi, Bashar, “Iraq Back on Track: The Case for Expediting WTO Accession of “Fragile and Conflict Affected” (“FCA”) Countries,” UNC School of Law, Fall March 2022


Kurd Press, “Expert says Muqtada Sadr will eventually compromise,” 4/8/22


Knights, Michael and Almeida, Alex, “The Islamic State at Low Ebb in Iraq: The Insurgent Tide Receds Again,” CTC Sentinel, January 2022


Khan, Nadeem Elias and Whiteside, Craig, “State Accompli: The Political Consolidation of the Islamic State Prior to the Caliphate,” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 12/16/21


Iddon, Paul, “How can Iraq’s destructive pro-Iran militias be tamed?” Arab News, 11/16/21


Tarek, Sherif, “How Will The Iraqi Scene Be Affected By The Attempt To Assassinate Al-Kazemi?” Zawya, 11/11/21


Tollast, Robert, “Iraq elections: Iran-linked parties reject results after major setback,” The National, 10/12/21


Iddon, Paul, “Why Mustafa Al-Kadhimi is seen as Iraq’s safest pair of hands,” Arab News, 9/14/21


Zawya, “Baghdad Summit: It Will Not Affect Saudi-Iranian Relations,” 8/30/21


Iddon, Paul, “What the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan means for volatile Iraq,” Arab News, 8/22/21


Tollast, Robert, “Ex-Iraqi PM Nouri Al Maliki ‘narrowly escaped US sanctions,’” The National, 7/26/21


Tollast, Robert, “Iraqi PM Al Kadhimi in Washington: strategic dialogue or tactical distraction?” The National, 7/25/21


Mashkoor, Layla, Tollast, Robert, “Iran-backed militias attack US forces in Iraq and Syria,” The National, 7/7/21


Iddon, Paul, “How Iraq’s Al-Hashd Al-Shaabi turned into an Iranian foreign policy instrument,” Arab News, 6/14/21


Ollivant, Douglas, “Iraq’s Unique Spring,” Manara Magazine 5/10/21


Tollas, Robert, “Ibn Al Khatib fire: why Iraqis are unlikely to see change after hospital tragedy,” The National, 5/4/21


Tollast, Robert and Mahmoud, Sinan, “Pope Francis’s trip to former ISIS stronghold of Mosul shows group’s decline,” The National, 3/11/21


MacDonald, Alex, “Iraqi lawyer and activist killed after home invasion in Nasiriyah,” Middle East Eye, 1/9/21


Kurdistan 24, “Iraq, KRG reach deal on draft budget, awaiting final approval from national legislature,” 12/19/20


Kurd Press, “Failing to make reforms main reason behind unrests in Kurdistan region, analyst tells KurdPress,” 12/11/20


Kurdistan 24, “Protesters killed, wounded in southern Iraq by Sadr followers,” 11/29/20


Loveluck, Louisa, Ryan, Missy and Salim, Mustafa, “They served alongside U.S. soldiers. Now they fear that Iran’s allies in Iraq will strike back,” Washington Post, 11/12/20


Middle East Monitor, “Supporters of Iraq’s Shia militias hold protest in London against US interference,” 9/28/20


Al Bawaba, “Protesters Gather Outside The Iraqi Embassy in London Against US Interference in Baghdad,” 9/28/20


Fars News Agency, “Protesters in London Condemn US Meddling in Iraq,” 9/28/20


Geopolitics News, “US threatens to shut embassy in Iraq if attacks continue on American compounds,” 9/27/20


Ignatius, David, “Just ahead of the election, Pompeo is pressuring Iraq’s leader and raising tensions with Iran,” Washington Post, 9/25/20


Wieglos, Alexander, “Iraq’s Two Rivers,” The Warsaw Institute Review, Qr. 2, 2020


Al Jazeera, “The day Iraq invaded Kuwait … the full story of what happened and did Washington give the green light to Saddam Hussein” 8/2/20


Wielgos, Alexander, “Iraq’s Two Rivers,” Warsaw Institute, 7/25/20


Fondation pour la Recherche Strategique, “Covid-19, jihadism and the challenge of a pandemic,” 7/20/20


Wielgos, Alexander, “Iraq: Security Sector Reform regarding paramilitary units,” Warsaw Institute, 7/9/20


Iddon, Paul, “Iraq’s enemies fire a warning shot with Hisham al-Hashimi’s murder,” Arab News, 7/7/20


Fondation pour la Recherche Strategique, “Covid-19, le djihadisme au defi d’une pandemie,” 6/29/20


Skelton, Mac and Ali Saleem, Zmkan, “Iraq’s Political Marketplace at the Subnational Level: The Struggle for Power in Three Provinces,” London School of Economics and Political Science, 6/25/20


Iddon, Paul, “Weekend Rockets Part of Iran-backed Pressure Campaign against US troops in Iraq,” the Media Line, 6/16/20


Israel Noticias, “La reaparicion de ISIS pone en evidencia la fragilidad de Iraqk y Siria,” 6/14/20


Iddon, Paul, “Daesh’s reappearance puts fragility of Iraq and Syria in focus,” Arab News, 6/13/20


Ali Saleem, Zmkan and Skelton, Mac, “The Failure of Reconstruction in Mosul: Root Causes from 2003 to the Post-ISIS Period,” Institute of Regional & International Studies, American University of iraq, Sulaimani, 6/10/20


Knights, Michael, Almeida, Alex, “Recovery of Islamic State Operations in Iraq in 2019-2020,” Combating Terrorism Center, 5/26/20


Hassan, Hassan, “ISIS in Iraq and Syria: Rightsizing the Current ‘Comeback,’” Center for Global Policy, 5/12/20


Iddon, Paul, “Can Iraq and Kurdistan finally forge an alliance against ISIS?” Rudaw, 5/10/20


UK Home Office, “”Country Policy and Information Note Iraq: Security and humanitarian situation, Version 6.0,” May 2020


Bundesamt fur Migration und Fluchtlinge, “Landerreport 25 Irak, Die Entstehung einer neuen Protestbewegung,” May 2020


Kurd Press, “Shi’ite disputes, Kurdish demands hindered Allawi’s cabinet formation: expert,” 4/5/20


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “WHO expects sharp increase in COVID-19 cases in Iraq,” Kurdistan 24, 3/31/20


Iddon, Paul, “Coronavirus pressures Iraq’s decrepit health system, oil prices threaten already weak economy,” Arab News, 3/29/20


Iddon, Paul, “Saudi Arabia’s flooding of the oil market could spell disaster for Iraq,” Al Araby, 3/26/20


Haddad, Fanar, “From Existential Struggle to Political Banality: The Politics of Sect in Post-2003 Iraq,” The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 3/12/20


Van Wilgenbug, Wladimir, “UN Iraq envoy condemns targeting of Iraqi protestors with ‘hunting guns,’” 2/17/20


Iddon, Paul, “US moots deploying Patriot system to shield its troops in Iraq,” Rudaw, 2/1/20


Dodge, Toby, “Understanding the role of al-Hashd al-Shaabi in Iraq’s national and transnational political field,” POMPES Studies 37, February 2020


QPosts, “Washington kills Soleimai in Iraq … and Iran is vowing,” 1/3/20


Benjamin, Medea, Davis, Nicolas, “A New Year and a New Trump Foreign Policy Blunder in Iraq,” Common Dreams, 1/2/20


QPosts, “Experts talk to Qpost about scenarios of the Iran-US confrontation in Iraq,” 12/31/19


News.Ru, “Who and why storm the US Embassy in Iraq,” 12/31/19


Iddon, Paul, “The possible ramifications of US airstrikes on Hashd al-Shaabi,” Rudaw, 12/30/19


Rogalski, Jurgen, “Nahots/Nordafrika-WebMonitor Nr. 70/2019,” SWP-Informationsservices, 12/18/19


Migrationsverket, “Rattsligt stallningstagande,” 12/17/19


Zelin, Aaron, “After Losses, Islamic State Plots Comeback,” Wilson Center, 12/13/19


Blaxter, Lauren, Eissa, Salma, “Regional Overview: Middle East 10 – 16 November 2019,” Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, 11/19/19


Bulos, Nabih, Etehad, Melissa, “In Iraq and Syria, a new phase of the war against Islamic State begins,” Los Angeles Times, 10/7/19


Kurdistan 24, “Iraqi PM promises reform as protest death tolls surge,” 10/4/19


Abubaker, Sarkan Salman, “The Reasons Behind The Rise And Expansion Of The Islamic State (ISIS) In Iraq: 2003-2018,” Alternatif Politika, October 2019


Guilliard, Joachim, “Irak Zwei Jahre nach dem Sieg uber den “Islamischen Staat,”” Ausdruck, October 2019


Langendorf, Manuel, “Iraqi militants likely to plot comeback under the shadow of regional instability,” The Arab Weekly, 9/14/19


Iddon, Paul, “Are Iran-backed militias in Iraq really seeking their own air force?” Rudaw, 9/9/19


ACLED, “Regional Overview – Middle East 4 September 2019,” 9/4/19


Baghdad Post, “Iraq expresses protest at UN against Turkish cross-border attacks,” 8/30/19


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Iraq sent dozens of letters to protest Turkish cross-border attacks: official,” Kurdistan 24, 8/30/19


Kurd Press, “Kurds cannot retake control of Kirkuk: analyst,” 8/5/19


Etches, Phillip William, “A Man, A Plan, So What? The Influence of Abu Mus’ab al-Suri, Reconsidered,” Small Wars Journal, 7/9/19


Ristretti Orizzonti, “Iraq. Human Rights Watch: “detenuti in condizioni degradanti,”” 7/6/19


Redazione, “IRAQ: Hrw: “Detenuti in condizioni degradanti,”” Near East News Agency, 7/5/19


Iddon, Paul, ”What might Abadi’s return to power mean for the Kurdistan Region?” Rudaw, 6/25/19


Middle East Eye, “US to allow Iraq to import Iranian energy for three more months amid fears of unrest,” 6/15/19


Friedman, Yaniv and Berman, Lazar, “Reclaiming the Initiative: Proxy Warfare in the Middle East,” Small Wars Journal, 6/12/19


MacDonald, Alex, “Iraq fearful electricity failures could spark another long, hot summer of unrest,” Middle East Eye, 6/11/19


Tinnes, Judith, “Bibliography: Islam State (IS, ISIS, ISIL, Daesh), [Part 5],” Perspectives On Terrorism, June 2019


Mikulaschek, Christoph, Pant, Saurabh, Tesfaye, Beza, “Winning Hearts and Minds in Civil Wars: Governance, Leadership Change, and Support for Violent Groups in Iraq,” American Journal of Political Science, 5/23/19


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Pentagon watchdog says Iraqi forces need longer-term assistance for intelligence against ISIS,” Kurdistan 24, 5/9/19


UNHCR, “International Protection Considerations with Regard to People Fleeing the Republic of Iraq,” May 2019


Dockx, Pieter-Jan, “Water Scarcity in Iraq, From Inter-Tribal Conflicts to International Disputes,” Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, May 2019


Kurdistan 24, “Iraq demands US Embassy delete ‘offensive’ Facebook post on Iran Supreme leader,” Hath al-Youm, 4/28/19


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Iraq demands US Embassy delete ‘offensive’ Facebook post on Iran supreme leader,” Kurdistan 24, 4/28/19


Schoenborn, Trent, “Iraq’s Diyala Faces a New Insurgency,” International Review, 3/22/19


Lister, Charles, “Trump Says ISIS Is Defeated. Relity Says Otherwise,” Politco, 3/18/19


Iddon, Paul, “Can Iraq and Kurdistan rebuild and stabilize Sinjar?” Middle Easter Center for Reporting and Analysis, 3/14/19


Bodetti, Austin, “Iraq and Sudan show how climate change fuels war,” New Arab, 3/13/19


European Asylum Support Office, “EASO Country of Origin Information Report Iraq Security situation,” March 2019


European Asylum Support Office, “EASO Country of Origin Information Report Iraq Targting of Individuals,” March 2019


ACCORD – Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation, “Anfragebeantwortung zum Irak: Autonome Region Kurdistan: Sicherheitslage; Kampfhandlungen, Anschlagskirminalitat (Zielgruppe),” 2/21/19


Al-Maleki, Yesar, Tollast, Robert, Istepanian, Harry, “2018 Annual Report, Riding the Oil Markets: Iraq’s Economy in Transition,” Iraq Energy Institute, 2/18/19


Tollast, Robert, “Iraq After Daesh: An Interview with Joel Wing,” Iraq In Context, 2/7/19


Iddon, Paul, “Impact of Turkey’s military campaigns against the Kurds,” Ahval,” 2/6/19


Finnish Immigration Service, “Turkmeenit Irakissa,” 2/1/19


Landinfo, “Iraq: Diyala provins – sikkerhetssituasjonen per november 2018,” 1/9/19


Iddon, Paul, “What more can Iraq do against ISIS in Syria?” Rudaw, 1/3/19


Loidolt, Bryce, “Iranian Resources and Shi’a Militant Cohesion: Insights from the Khazali Papers,” CTC Sentinel, January 2019


Weiss, Michael, “As Trump vows to leave Syria, Kurds fear a power grab by Iran and Russia,” Yahoo, 12/21/18


Iddon, Paul, “Why doesn't Iraq do more to prevent Turkish airstrikes?” Rudaw, 12/18/18


Finnish Immigration Service, “Irakin Tilannekatsaus Marraskuussa 2018,” 12/13/19


Landinfo, “Irak: Anbar provins- sikkerhetssituasjonen per November 2018,” December 2018


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Canada-led NATO mission in Iraq begins,” Kurdistan 24, 11/3/18


UK Home Office, “Country Policy and Information Note Iraq: Security and humanitarian situation,” November 2018


Landinfo, “Irak: Ninewa provins – sikkerhetssituasjonen per oktober 2018,” November 2018


Exxeddine, Nancy, van Veen, Erwin, Sulz, Matthias, “From soldiers to politicians? Iraq’s Al-Hashd Al-Sha’abi ‘on the march,’” Clingendael, Netherlands Institute of International Relations, November 2018


Ingram, Haroro, Whiteside, Crag, “The Caliph’s Role in the (un)Surprisng Resilience of the Islamic State,” Foreign Policy Research Institute, 10/25/18


Iddon, Paul, “Turkey-KRG relations one year after Kurdish independence vote,” Ahval, 10/22/18


Iddon, Paul, “What will a new Iraq-Turkey border-crossing mean for KRG?” Rudaw, 10/8/18


Witty, David, “Iraq’s Post-2014 Counter Terrorism Service,” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, October 2018


Iddon, Paul, “Iraq’s complacency, bad management will lead to further conflict,” Rudaw, 9/16/18


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “UN: 90 civilians killed in Iraq in August,” Kurdistan 24, 9/3/18


Kurd Press, “Kurds don’t have the chance to once again control power in Kirkuk,” 8/26/18


Iddon, Paul, “Arabization helps no one, but hurts Kirkuk most,” Rudaw, 8/25/18


Ensor, Josie, “Isil still has up to 30,000 members in Syria and Iraq, UN report finds,” Telegraph, 8/14/18


Iddon, Paul, “What will a new Iraq-Turkey border-crossing mean for KRG?” Rudaw, 8/10/18


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “UN: Baghdad most affected by violence with 63 civilians killed in July,” Kurdistan 24, 8/1/18


Iddon, Paul, “Can KRG play a positive role in any renewed Turkey-PKK peace process?” Rudaw, 7/22/18


Robin-D’Cruz, Benedict, “As Protests Sweep Iraq, are the Country’s Political Elites Running out of Options?” Middle East Centre Blog, The London School of Economics and Political Science, 7/18/18


Assyrian International News Agency, “The Reconstitution of the Islamic State’s Insurgency in Central Iraq,” 7/5/18


Nsaibia, Heni, “The Reconstitution of the Islamic State’s insurgency in Central Iraq,” Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset, 7/5/18


Iddon, Paul, “Why the Iraqi Hashd al-Shaabi presence in Syria matters,” Rudaw, 6/25/18


Finish Migration Service, “Irakin Tilannekatsaus Toukokuussa 2018,” 6/21/18


Iddon, Paul, “Erdogan’s opportune attack on Qandil faces uncertain end,” Ahval, 6/19/18


Iddon, Paul, “Turkey may finally act on threats against PKK in Qandil,” Ahval, 6/11/18


Iddon, Paul, “How significant are Iraq’s airstrikes in Syria?” Rudaw, 6/9/18


Robin, Benedict, “Why many failed to predict the leftist-Islamist alliance that won Iraq’s 2018 elections,” Washington Post, 6/7/18


Robin, Benedict, “The Sadrist-Communist Alliance: Implications for Iraq’s Secular Politics,” The London School of Economics and Political Science Middle East Centre Blog, 6/6/18


Media Line, “Iraqi Communist Party Throws Hat Into Shiite Cleric Al-Sadr’s Ring,” 5/31/18


Rudolf, Inna, “From Battlefield to Ballot Box: Contextualising the Rise and Evolution of Iraq’s Popular Mobilisation Units,” International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence, 5/30/18


Al-Marashi, Ibrahim, “Iraq elections: The curious case of the Communist-Sadrist alliance,” Middle East Eye, 5/21/18


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Nationalist Sadr’s Iraq election wins surprises regional rivals,” Ahval, 5/16/18


Iddon, Paul, “Would a Kurdish speaker in Iraq’s parliament change Kurd’s fortunes in Baghdad?” Rudaw, 5/13/18


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Experts: Low voter turnout shows disappointment of Iraqis in political system,” The Region, 5/12/18


Van Wilgenburg, Wladimir, “Iran overshadows Turkey in sway over Iraqi politics in first post-ISIS defeat election,” Ahval, 5/12/18


Iddon, Paul, “How far will Turkey’s anti-PKK operation in northern Iraq go?” Middle East Eye, 5/10/18


Ahn, Julie, Campbell, Maeve, Knoetgen, Pete, “The Politics of Security in Ninewa: Preventing an ISIS Resurgence in Northern Iraq,” Harvard Kennedy School, 5/6/18


Jaffery, Rabiya, “Can Iraq Balance Relations With Both Saudi Arabia and its Arch-Rival Iran?” Globe Post, 5/4/18


Iddon, Paul, “Kurdish political division before Iraqi elections weakens Kirkuk claims,” Rudaw, 4/28/18


Clarke, Colin, Ingram, Haroro, “Defeating the ISIS Nostalgia Narrative,” RAND, 4/20/18


Clarke, Colin, Ingram, Haroro, “Defeating the ISIS Nostalgia Narrative,” Foreign Policy Research Institute, 4/18/18


Iddon, Paul, “Peshmerga can play important role in securing and stabilizing Kirkuk,” Rudaw, 4/13/18


Lund, Aron, “How Washington Learned to Love Haider al-Abadi,” The Century Foundation, 3/29/18


Mepa News, “PKK’nin Sincar kararinin arka planinda ne var?” 3/27/18


Iddon, Paul, “What’s behind the PKK withdrawal from Sinjar?” Al Araby, 3/26/18


Commissariaat-General Voor de Vluchtelingen en de Staatlozen, “Irak, De veiligheidssituatie in de Koerdische Autonome Regio,” 3/14/18


Iddon, Paul, “Coordinated Iraqi-Turkish action against PKK unlikely,” Rudaw, 3/12/18


Speckhard, Anne, Shajkovci, Ardian & Bodo, Lorand, “Fighting ISIS on Facebook – Breaking the ISIS Brand Counter-Narratives Project,” International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism, 3/8/18


Iddon, Paul, “Why post-referendum Iraqi Kurdistan is seeking better relations with Iran,” The New Arab, 3/5/18


Iddon, Paul, “Foreign forces like to remain in Iraq despite Baghdad’s grandstanding,” Rudaw, 3/4/18


Iddon, Paul, “Does Iraq need Russian S-400 air defense missiles?” Rudaw, 3/3/18


Gaston, Erica and Derzsi-Horvath, Andras, “Iraq After ISIL, Sub-State Actors, Local Forces, and the Micro-Politics of Control,” Global Public Policy Institute, March 2018


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Iddon, Paul, “The importance of unifying the Peshmerga,” Rudaw, 2/2/18


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Iddon, Paul, “Did Iraq’s takeover of Kirkuk give ISIS breathing room?” Rudaw, 1/13/18


Iddon, Paul, “Terror and Murder – Islamic State Switches to an Insurgency in Iraq,” War Is Boring, 12/7/17


Cockburn, Patrick, Theres no such thing as precise air strikes in modern warfare just look at the civilian casualties in Iraq and Syria, Independent, 12/1/17


Iddon, Paul, “After Islamic State, Baghdad cannot govern Iraq from centre,” Araby, 12/1/17


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Iddon, Paul, Can Abadi reel in the Hashd al-Shaabi before May elections? Rudaw, 11/29/17


Iddon, Paul, “Clouds form over Kurdistan as experts forecast more fighting with Baghdad,” Al Arby, 11/16/17


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International Organization for Migration Iraq, “Integrated Location Assessment II, Part II Governorate Profiles,” October 2017


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Iddon, Paul, “Iraqi Kurdistan in disarray after the loss of Kirkuk,” The New Arab, 10/19/17


Iddon, Paul, “New conflict over Kirkuk could follow ISIS removal from Hawija,” Rudaw, 9/21/17


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Iddon, Paul, “Tal Afar’s problems won’t end after Islamic State,” Rudaw, 8/29/17


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Cockburn, Patrick, “Endtimes in Mosul,” London Review of Books, 8/17/17


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Iddon, Paul, “Assessing Sadr and Sistani’s opposition to the Hashd al-Shaabi,” Rudaw, 8/8/17


Iddon, Paul, “What’s the significance of Hashd participation in Hawija, Tal Afar operations?” Rudaw, 8/2/17


FranceSoir, “Bataille De Mossoul: Le Recit Des Derniers Combats Pour Reprendre La Ville A L’Etat Islamique,” 8/1/17


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Iddon, Paul, “Aleppo to Mosul: The destruction of cities in Iraq and Syria,” Al Araby, 7/27/17


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Iddon, Paul, “An Independent Kurdistan Would Begin With a Clash,” War Is Boring, 7/21/17


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Iddon, Paul, “What does Turkey have to fear about Kurdish independence?” Rudaw, 7/8/17


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Iddon, Paul, “Anticipating Mosul’s post-Islamic State future,” Al Arby, 7/6/17


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McKernan, Bethan, “US-backed forces push into Mosul in final stages of battle against Isis,” Independent, 5/12/17


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- “Country Information and Guidance Iraq: Security situation in the ‘contested areas,’” August 2016


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Sullivan, Andrew, “Will ISIS March On Baghdad?”, 10/15/14


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Plebani, Andrea, “New (and old) patterns of jihadism: al-Qa’ida, the Islamic State and beyond,” Istituto Per Gli Studi Di Politica Internazionale, 10/2/14


Beauchamp, Zack, “Obama’s getting more aggressive on ISIS – but it’s putting more civilians at risk,” Vox, 10/1/14


Roggio, Bill, “US air campaign against Islamic State expands to southwestern Baghdad,” Long War Journal, 9/16/14


Beauchamp, Zack, “3 numbers that explain why ISIS will be so hard to destroy,” Vox, 9/12/14


Harris, Winston, “Chaos in Iraq: Are the Kurds Truly Set to Win?” Small Wars Journal, 8/29/14


Lister, Tim, “Will Iraq’s Nuri al-Maliki go without a fight? 5 things to know,” CNN, 8/13/14


Gay, John Allen, “The Smart Way to Bomb ISIS,” The National Interest, 8/7/14


Alamiri, Yasmeen Sami, “Iraq’s crisis of confidence, what can the U.S. do about it?” Al Arabiya, 7/24/14


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Sullivan, Andrew, “Iraq Votes. But Will It Matter?”, 5/1/14


Knights, Michael, “The ISIL’s Stand in the Ramadi-Falluja Corridor,” CTC Sentinel, May 2014


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Murphy, Dan, “Muqtada al-Sadr doesn’t appear to have quit Iraqi politics,” Christian Science Monitor, 2/26/14


Redvers, Louise, “Old fault lines, new flashpoints in Iraq’s Anbar,” IRIN, 2/7/14


Stuster, J. Dana, “Iraq’s Abject Lessons for Mexico’s Self-Defense Forces,” Foreign Policy, 1/31/14


Gelman, Andrew, “’Questioning The Lancet, PLOS, And Other Surveys On Iraqi Deaths, An Interview With Univ. of London Michael Spagat,’” Statistical Modeling, Casual Inference, and Social Science, 1/29/14


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Tollast, Robert, “Iraq’s South Rises Again,” The National Interest, 10/20/13


Winkley, Ben, “Iraqi Giant Is Born Into Chaos,” Wall St Journal, 10/7/13


Cook, Steven, “Weekend Reading: Elections in the KRI, Civil War in Iraq?, and Mapping the Violence,” Council on Foreign Relations, 10/4/13


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Murphy, Dan, “Are tit-for-tat sectarian killings enough to tilt iraq back to war?” Christian Science Monitor, 5/20/13


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Wicken, Stephen, “Iraq’s Sunnis In Crisis,” Institute for the Study of War, May 2013


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Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad, “Iraqi Petroleum and the Damage Done,” Assyrian International News Agency, 11/21/11


Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad “Iraq In Crisis,” Rubin Center Research in International Affairs, 8/29/11


Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad, “Two Bloggers Discuss Iraq,” Harry’s place, 7/18/11


Loi, Charles, “U.S. And Iranian Strategic Competition: Competition between the US and Iran in Iraq,” Center for Strategic and International Studies, 3/2/11


Cordesman, Anthony, “Iraq: Patterns of Violence, Casualty Trends and Emerging Security Threats,” Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2/9/11


Daily Dish, “Iran’s Weak Grip On Iraqi Politics,” The Atlantic, 12/7/10


Daily Dish, “A Uniform Doesn’t Make A Cop A Cop,” The Atlantic, 12/2/10


Daily Dish, “Iraq, Scam Victim,” The Atlantic, 11/30/10


Daily Dish, “What The Hell Is Happening In Iraq?” The Atlantic, 10/7/10


Daily Dish, “Torture In Iraq,” The Atlantic, 9/21/10


Appel, Patrick, “Nation Building Doesn’t Work,” Daily Dish, The Atlantic, 9/2/10


Daily Dish, “The Gangs Of Iraq,” The Atlantic, 8/3/10


Ricks, Thomas, “Nir Rosen’s ‘Aftermath’,” Best Defense, 7/26/10


Daily Dish, “Troop Numbers In Iraq,” The Atlantic, 7/9/10


Daily Dish, “The Daily Wrap,” The Atlantic, 6/28/10


Daily Dish, “The Daily Wrap,” The Atlantic, 6/1/10


Daily Dish, “Will Iraq Slog Through?” The Atlantic, 6/1/10


Daily Dish, “The Iraqi Diaspora,” The Atlantic, 5/29/10


Daily Dish, “Iraq: Crime And Punishment,” 4/28/10


Chalabi, Unir, “Views on the Prospects of Iraq’s Oil and Gas Resources,” Global Policy, 3/21/09


Salman Pax, “Percentage of young Iraqis without a job: 57% of all unemployed!!,” 2/20/09


Mentions and Citations In Books


Harvey, Katherine, A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq, Oxford University Press, 2022


Lambeth, Benjamin, Airpower in the War Against ISIS, Naval Institute Press, 2021


Ingram, Haroro, Whiteside, Craig and Winter, Charlie, The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement, Oxford  University Press, 2020


Rayburn, Colonel Joel, Sobchak, Colonel Frank, eds. with Godfroy, Lieutenant Colonel Jeanne, Morton, Colonel Matthew, Powell, Colonel James, Zais, Lieutenant Colonel Matthew, The U.S. Army In Iraq War Volume 1, Invasion Insurgency Civil War 2003-2006, United States Army War College Press, 2019

-  The U.S. Army In The Iraq War Volume 2, Surge and Withdrawal 2007-2011, United States Army War Colle Press, 2019


Harris, William, “Quicksilver War: Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict,” Oxford University Press, 2018


Helfont, Samuel, Compulsion in Religion: Saddam Hussein, Islam, and the Roots of Insurgencies in Iraq, Oxford University Press, 2018


Bandiera, Luiz Alberto Moniz, The Second Cold War: Geopolitics and the Strategic Dimensions of the USA, Springer, 2017


Isakhan, Benjamin, Mako, Shamiran, State and Society in Iraq: Citizenship under Occupation, Dictatorship and Democratisation, I.B. Tauris, 2017


Mabon, Simon and Royle, Stephen, The Origins of ISIS, I.B. Tauris, 2017


Renahan, Thomas, The Struggle for Iraq: A View from the Ground Up, Potomac Books, 2017


Shakir, Farah, The Iraqi Federation: Origin, Operation and Significance, Routledge, 2017


Cockburn, Patrick, ISIS: Battling the Menace, Independent Print Limited, 2016


Conley-Zilkic, Bridget, How Mass Atrocities End: Studies from Guatemala, Burundi, Indonesia, the Sudans, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Iraq, Cambridge University Press, 2016


Fishman, Brian, The Master Plan: ISIS, al-Qaeda, and the Jihadi Strategy for Final Victory, Yale University Press, 2016


Isakhan, Benjamin, The Legacy of Iraq: From the 2003 War to the ‘Islamic State,’ Edinburgh University Press, 2016


Lister, Charles,  The Syrian Jihad: Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State and the Evolution of an Insurgency, Oxford University Press, 2016


Ostovar, Afshon, Vanguard of the Imam: Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guards, Oxford University Press, 2016


Al Qarawee, Harith, Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq, Lulu, 2016


Stansfield, Gareth, Iraq: People, History, Politics, Polity, 2016


Weiss, Michael, Hassan, Hasan, ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror (Updated Edition), Regan Arts, 2016


Hill, Thomas, Munoz, Alex, Finding Peace in Iraq Vol 2, Thomas Hill, 2015


Lister, Charles, The Islamic State: A Brief Introduction, Brookings Institution Press, 2015


Shanks, Kelsey, Education and Ethno-Politics: Defending Identity in Iraq, Routledge, 2015


Turner, Mandy, ed, Kuhn, Florian, ed, The Politics of International Intervention: The Tyranny of Peace, Routledge, 2015


Al-Mahmood, Madhat, The Judiciary in Iraq: The Path to an Independent Judiciary and Modern Court System, iUniverse, 2014


Potter, Lawrence, Sectarian Politics in the Persian Gulf, Oxford University Press, 2014


Rayburn, Joel, Iraq after America: Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance, Hoover Institution Press, 2014


Dodge, Toby, Iraq – From War to a New Authoritarianism, Routledge, 2013


Dougherty, Beth, Ghareeb, Edmund, Historical Dictionary of Iraq, Scarecrow Press, 2013


Gentile, Colonel Gian, Wrong Turn: America’s Deadly Embrace Of Counter-Insurgency, The New Press, 2013


Savage, James, Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions, Coalition State Building after Saddam, Cambridge University Press, 2013


Laidi, Z., Limited Achievements: Obama’s Foreign Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012