Friday, April 30, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 30

 

1917 Battle of the Boot at Band-i-Adhaim between British and Ottomans

1924 Baghdad said willing to give land to Assyrians

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1941 PM Gaylani refused permission for British troops to land in Basra

1941 2 brigades of Iraqi soldiers surrounded UK Habaniya base ordered UK to cease operations

there Iraq had 9000 troops UK 2250

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Iraqi forces surrounded UK embassy in Baghdad

1941 PM Gaylani hoped to pressure UK to leave Iraq without a fight

1941 UK memo to Chiefs of Staff discussed destroying Iraq’s oil wells to deny them to Germany

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1948 Jewish forces took Jaffa, and 7 other towns held by Iraqi volunteers in 1st Arab Israeli War

1959 Qasim banned political organizing within army Was aimed at Communists to curb their power

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad

1980 By end of April around 20 Iraqi officials had been killed in bombings by Shiite opposition parties

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 Arab Iranians seized Iranian embassy in London demanding sovereignty for Khuzistan province

Were trained and armed by Iraq

1982 Iran launched Op Bait al-Moqaddas to recapture Khorramshahr across from Basra and liberate

Khuzistan province Iran had 12 divisions 200,000 soldiers vs 5 Iraqi divisions and 65,000 men Iran would gain 300 sq mi Iranian paratroopers dropped on Karun River near Darkhovin while engineers built bridge over river

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1985 Sec State Shultz asked Def Sec Weinberger to speed up approval of technology exports to Iraq

Much of that would go to weapons programs

1985 State Dept intel reported no evidence Iraq had started on a nuclear weapons program It had

1990 Jordanian prosecutor report detailed fake bank accounts Ahmed Chalabi ran with his Petra Bank

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1996 Turkey began bombing campaign along border against PKK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1997 Fighting broke out between PUK and Kurdish Islamic Movement

2001 NSC meeting on Al Qaeda threat Deputy Defense Secretary Wolfowitz asked

why US should focus on bin Laden when Iraq terrorism real threat Brought up Mylroie’s conspiracy theories about Iraq being behind 93 World Trade Center bombing Deputy CIA Director McLaughlin told Wolfowitz no evidence of Iraq terrorist threat to US Deputy Secretary of State Armitage told Wolfowitz Al Qaeda was the main threat to US

(Musings On Iraq review Against All Enemies, Inside America’s War on Terror)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2003 US forces ran into protesters that led to shooting for 2nd time in 2 days in Fallujah 2 killed

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld visited Iraq Realized rebuilding country would take years which was not his plan

2004 Marines withdrew from Fallujah turning over security to Fallujah Brigade proposed by Natl Sec Adv

Shirwani Bremer found out about it from CNN

2004 US met with Iraqi officials US cmdr in Iraq Sanchez said not consulted about Fallujah

Brigade Def Min Allawi objected to it Natl Sec Adv Shirwani admitted head of Fallujah Brigade ex-Republican Guard Ayad Allawi said brigade could be model for rest of Iraq

2004 Daily Mirror published what turned out to be fake pictures of UK forces abusing Iraqi prisoners

2004 Poll 71% of Iraqis saw US as occupiers 46% said invasion more harmful then good

2004 New Yorker published photos of Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal

2005 Mass grave with up to 1,500 Kurds killed by Saddam during Anfal campaign found outside Samawa

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

2006 Fmr Sec State Powell told UK TV he advised CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks US needed more troops

before invasion but advise ignored

2006 Pres Talabani said 7 insurgent groups might be able to be talked into joining political process

2006 US Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction report said attacks still retarding rebuilding

projects but real progress being made Said attacks on infrastructure down 60%

2006 Audit found effort to protect power and oil infrastructure largely failed Questioned 2 foreign

security companies contracted to train guards

2006 Class of new police recruits from Fallujah graduated Told they would serve outside Anbar 600

refused to do so

2007 Parliament voted to keep US troops away from Khadmiya shrine Baghdad after US got into gun

battle with Mahdi Army and Iraqi soldiers in district PM Maliki didn’t sign bill

2007 Anbar Awakening claimed to have killed ISI War Minister Masri Didn’t happen

2007 Report PM Maliki and ministers used Article 136B of Criminal Code to block corruption

investigations

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2007 Report Maliki using PM and Commander in Chief offices to remove and arrest army and National

Police commanders for going after Mahdi Army or being Sunni US officers complained Maliki politicizing officer corps

2008 PM Maliki said Mahdi Army had to be disbanded because couldn’t have militias and state

2008 Sadr spokesman said Iranian weapons in Iraq was normal because Tehran would sell to anyone

2008 Turkey said it would resume diplomatic relations with Kurdistan

2008 Study said Surge didn’t achieve political goals Reconciliation has been between insurgents and US

not with Iraqi govt Still threat of violence if no political accommodation

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2009 ISF started 2nd Operation Promise of Good in Diyala

2009 Muthanna last to name new govt after Jan provincial elections PM Maliki’s State of Law won in 9 of

14 provinces Got ruling coalitions in Babil Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Qadisiya Wasit Maysan Najaf Karbala

(Musings On Iraq All Of Iraq’s New Provincial Councils Named (UPDATED))

(Musings On Iraq Breaking Down Iraq’s New Provincial Councils)

2009 Report Maliki govt claimed displaced/refugees going home Not true Migration Min said only

1% of refugees had returned to Iraq 18% of displaced had returned home Were still 1.2 mil refugees just in Syria

2009 Report PM Maiki concentrating power Appoints loyalists as ISF commanders Create separate

intel service Controls Anti-Terror Unit and Baghdad Brigade Surrounded himself with family and small group of Dawa members

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2010 Def Min said that ISI had lost its direction after 2 leaders Masri and Baghdadi killed

2010 PM Maliki claimed foreign countries were plotting coup against him

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

2010 Iraqiya threatened boycott after courts banned winning candidates for Baathist past

2011 Hundreds demonstrated in Kut for better services and against corruption

2011 Asayesh arrested four protest organizers trying to start demonstration in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 US said Iranian investment projects in Karbala and Najaf were fronts for supporting Asaib Ahl

Al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2012 KRG said Baghdad should pay foreign oil companies working in Kurdistan

2012 Allawi said he wouldn’t go to national conference to resolve differences with PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 4 bodyguards of fmr Speaker Mashadani arrested for terrorism

2013 Kurdish ministers ended boycott of govt

2013 Islamic Army met with Kirkuk tribes to form armed group after ISF attacked Hawija protest site

2013 Sheikh Sulaiman said that protesters would go to war with govt after crackdown on Hawija protest

site

2013 Dep PM Mutlaq criticized ISF attack on Hawija protest site

2013 Insurgents attacked Wasit municipal council building

2014 KRG parliamentary elections 1st in 8 years

2014 Anbar tribes claimed Baghdad agreed to some of protesters’ demands to end fighting Didn’t happen

2014 ISIS ideologue Binali said that group didn't have to hold territory for Muslims to pledge allegiance to

it Was setting stage for declaration of Islamic State

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2015 Head of Salahaddin council said Hashd were looting and burning buildings in Tikrit

2015 City worker in Tikrit said 300 buildings in northern section of city had been destroyed including 2

mosques after city liberated

2015 IS seized half of Baiji refinery

2015 Head of Anbar Operations Command said Hashd were needed to fight IS in province

2016 Parliament refused to meet over PM Abadi’s technocratic govt Sadr called for popular revolution

as followers stormed Green Zone

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Thursday, April 29, 2021

Review A Pretext for War, 9/11, Iraq, and the Abuse of America’s Intelligence Agencies

Bamford, James, A Pretext for War, 9/11, Iraq, and the Abuse of America’s Intelligence Agencies, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Auckland: Doubleday, 2004


 

A Pretext for War, 9/11, Iraq and the Abuse of America’s Intelligence Agencies by James Bamford is a very flawed book. The first problem is the author loves telling stories which takes him off on extended tangents. Second, the last third of the book covers the causes and lead up to the Iraq War and is completely wrong blaming Saddam’s attempt on the life former President George Bush and neoconservatives for the invasion. The best part is its coverage of 9/11 but that can be read in other books that don’t have so many issues.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 29

 

1916 Ottomans defeated the British at Battle of Kut after 4 months captured 14,000 prisoners 7,000 of

which died in captivity British lost 33,000 casualties One of largest defeats for UK in WWI

1941 More British troops from 20th Inf Brigade arrived in Basra Iraq protested

1941 UK Ambassador told British women and children to leave Baghdad because of expected war

with Iraq

1941 PM Gaylani sent Iraqi forces to UK air base at Habaniya Anbar 11th Inf Brigade ordered to

Baghdad to later be deployed to Anbar UK Embassy in Baghdad informed UK forces in Habaniya Iraqi army heading their way

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Iraqis flooded Habaniya area limiting movement of UK troops there Occupied Kirkuk oil

fields Cut oil to Haifa and restarted flow to Lebanon for Vichy France that could be used by Axis

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1948 Battle of Katamon began between Jewish forces attacking Iraqi volunteers and Arab Legion in 1st

Arab-Israeli War

1954 Arshad al-Umari became PM for 2nd time after Nuri al-Said turned down position 1922-58

were 59 cabinets

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1959 Gen Qasim refused to recognize Communists as a political party

1959 Communist central committee demanded power sharing within Qasim govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1962 Govt started spring offensive against Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1969 Iraq condemned Shah of Iran for unilaterally ending 1937 border treaty over Shatt al-Arab

waterway

1981 Amnesty Intl report interviewed 15 Iraqis exiles detailing torture methods used by govt

1986 Iraq launched counterattack to stop Iran Al Fajr 9 outside Rawanduz Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 Iran launched counterattack along 3 fronts in Basra Advanced up road to Um Qasr and north along

Faw Peninsula Basra Caused 4000 Iraqi casualties

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Report Bush and Joint Chiefs head Gen Powell both thought of Vietnam when Iraq revolt started

Didn’t want to get caught in civil war and quagmire

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1994 Iraqi army launched new military campaign to drive out displaced and rebels from southern

marshes

1994 Sec State Christopher wrote NYTimes OpEd Said Iraq complying with UN Res 687 was not enough to

end sanctions Contradicted resolution

2002 Pentagon official said 9/11 hijacker met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague Didn’t happen

2003 2nd anti-American protests in Fallujah Threw rocks at US troops who fired into crowd killing 3

wounding 16

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2003 ORHA head Garner told White House flying frozen Iraqi assets to pay for salaries and pensions

helped stabilize Iraq

2004 US announced end of Battle of Fallujah Would withdraw turn over security to Fallujah Brigade

2004 Sheikh Jabani’s brother and 3 kids kidnapped in Fallujah for fighting insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 50 former UK Ambassadors and officials wrote open letter to PM Blair Said UK had no postwar

plan for Iraq Said experts predicted that occupation of Iraq would garner resistance Said had to consider Iraqi history Concluded that Coalition strategy in Iraq was doomed to fail

2005 Gen Vines issued order for US troops to stop and report any cases of abuse by Iraqi forces

2007 US troops went to investigate torture cell run by Mahdi Army in Khadimiya Baghdad Got into gun

battle with Mahdi Army and Iraqi soldiers Afterward parliament voted to keep US forces 1 mile away from shrine

2007 Report Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon looked at 8 US projects 7 were not operating or had major

problems Power station for Baghdad airport had $11.8 mil spent on generators $8.6 mil worth not operating Hospital in Irbil had incinerator for waste locked and key lost Dumped waste into sewage system contaminating local water system Water purification system at hospital broke Oxygen system not used by staff that didn’t know how it worked Special Forces barracks in Baghdad had 4 generators broken due to no maintenance and supply pipes had been stolen Spec Insp Gen had warned that US was leaving projects for Iraqis that could not be maintained and were waste of money

2008 2nd ISCI and Dawa delegation went to Iran to meet Sadr and Iran Rev Guards Quds Force’s Gen

Suleimani to negotiate ceasefire in Charge of Knights Iraqis provided evidence Iran supported militias including names of people locations of training camps and cells working with Tehran Iran denied everything Accused Iraqis of selling out to US and ignoring help Iran gave Shiite parties since 2003 Said it was wrong to go after Mahdi Army because they were Iran’s allies Said Mahdi Army needed to counter Sahwa created by US Sadr refused meeting

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 Report Iran Rev Guard Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani sent message to Gen Petraeus and Amb

Crocker that Iran not responsible for fighting between Maliki govt and Mahdi Army Iran gave weapons to Mahdi Army during fighting

2008 MPs found torture at Karbala prison overcrowding in Babil ones

2008 Turkey’s Foreign Minister said Ankara wanted better relations with KRG

2008 Former Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz said Bush admin never expected an insurgency in Iraq Said

there were enough US troops after invasion but US failed to create enough ISF Admitted Bush admin was clueless about counterinsurgency

2008 Female suicide bomber attacked bus stop in Muqtadiya Another female suicide

            bomber attacked Sahwa in Abu Said both in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Police sent by Integrity Commission to arrest Trade Min Sudani for corruption got

into shootout with guards in Baghdad Sudani later charged with stealing up to $400 mil which was used to fund Maliki’s State of Law

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2009 Interior Ministry said ISI had successfully penetrated ISF and used agents to carry out attacks

2010 PM Maliki said that there were no secret prisons in Iraq after one at Muthanna Airport prison was

revealed Claimed that torture victims at Muthanna prison gave themselves scars to fake abuse

2010 US accused Iran of using Hezbollah to carry out attacks against its forces in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2010 Sadrists said PM Maliki could not get a second term as premier

2011 Obama’s National Security Adviser suggested 10,000 US troops stay in Iraq after withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Duty, Memoirs of a Secretary At War)

2011 Sadr threatened to bring back Mahdi Army if US forces stayed past end of year

2011 KRG security forces arrested one of top protest leaders in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Anbar councilman Fallujah police chief and other officials arrested in Anbar Anbar Ops Command

and PM Maliki blamed

2012 Pres Barzani told US he objected to selling F-16s to Baghdad Said didn’t trust PM Maliki with them

2013 PM Maliki and Pres Barzani agreed on 7 point program to repair relations between Baghdad and

Irbil

2013 ISIS set off 2 car bombs in central Karbala 2 car bombs in Amarah 1 car bomb in Diwaniya

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2013 Turkmen in Kirkuk demanded peshmerga withdraw from disputed areas

2014 ISIS took credit for suicide bombing of PUK rally in Khanaqin, Diyala that killed 30

2014 Report that US intel believed Maliki getting re-elected PM would divide Iraq more

2016 Protests in Baghdad Basra Najaf Qadisiya Maysan Karbala Dhi Qar Muthanna against corruption

and sectarian quotas in govt

View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, April 28, 2021

Kazemi Govt Runs Into Obstacles Trying To Close Displaced Camps In Iraq

Al Mada reported that Prime Minister Mustafa Kazemi wants to end the displacement (IDP) crisis in Iraq before the October elections. Starting in the fall of 2020 he ordered the closing of all IDP camps in the country forcing people out. That plan has now run into serious problems.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 28

 

1922 UK Iraq Commissioner Cox said King Faisal racially weak for disagreeing with him

1929 Tawfiq al-Suwaidi became premier of Iraq Would hold that office 3 times Were 14 govts under

Mandate

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1941 PM Gaylani and Golden Square officers decided to go to war with UK Asked Axis for military

and financial aid for second time to be used against British

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1941 UK Amb to Iraq told PM Gaylani second contingent of UK troops landing at Basra Gaylani

refused them entry Amb ordered start of evacuation of UK civilians from Iraq

1941 364 UK troops airlifted to Habaniya air base in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1947 Mustafa Barzani and 500 supporters returned to Iraq from Iran

1959 Communist paper editorial demanded positions in Qasim govt Turned down

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1973 Iraq offered to talk with Kuwait over border dispute

1974 Iraq bombed Halabja killing 42 and wounding over 100 during KDP rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1990 Iraq hosted Arab summit Saddam attacked Kuwait for economic warfare vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Saddam asked Emir of Kuwait if Iraq could use two of its islands Emir said no

1991 US led Coalition created safe zone for Kurds near Dohuk after uprising put down

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1992 Report CIA continued to give intel to Iraq until day it invaded Kuwait in Aug 90

1992 Campaign for a Free Iraq brought 17,000 min coffins to Iraqi embassy in London to symbolize victims

of Saddam Was paid for by Rendon Group hired by CIA to promote Iraqi opposition

1998 Inspectors report to UN said no progress in last 4 months due to confrontation with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2001 Report 9/11 terrorist Mohammed Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague Story false

2002 US military leaked story to press that Iraq invasion could use a force as small as 70,000 Was push

back against Sec Def Rumsfelds small invasion force

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2003 Protest in Fallujah led to shooting US troops killed 17 and wounded more than 70 Start of

insurgency in city

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2003 ORHA Garner met with 350 Iraqis in Baghdad and told them they were in charge of Iraq said

would be meeting to create interim govt in 4 weeks Garner then left and meeting broke down into arguments

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2003 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowtiz said US occupation of Iraq would not need as many troops as invasion

did

2003 Pentagon paper said interim Iraqi govt had not been decided upon

2003 Gen Franks asked UK to take control of 5 southern Iraqi provinces UK said could only handle 4

Basra Maysan Dhi Qar Muthanna

2003 UK report Iran sending in groups into southern Iraq to influence postwar situation

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2004 Fighting between US marines and insurgents continued in Fallujah while US commander claimed

ceasefire holding

2004 Marines began forming Fallujah Brigade to take over security of city

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 UK intel assessment said another attack upon Fallujah would make political and security situation

in Iraq worse

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 UN Rep Brahimi reported to Security Council that interim govt would serve until elections held in

late 2004-early 2005

2004 General Mark Kimmitt deputy director of Coalition operations in Iraq told CBS News he was

disappointed in a few soldiers for Abu Ghraib scandal

2005 PM Jaafari’s cabinet approved by parliament 5 ministers and 1 dep PM either empty or temporary

pending deal with Sunnis Defense Oil Electricity and Human Rights Ministers not been named yet

2005 US pressured PM Jaafari to name partial cabinet because filling ministers was taking too long

2005 Insurgents set off 17 car bombs killing 50 and wounding more than 100 to offset news of new Iraqi

            govt

2005 SCIRI head Abdul Aziz al-Hakim gave speech threatening to purge the security forces of former

regime members

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2005 MP Mishan al-Jabouri accused Shiites of dividing Iraq and Sunnis were marginalized

2005 Trade Bank of Iraq run by Chalabi’s nephew Urzi announced deal with Card Tech that he

used to work for and founded and partially owned by Chalabi Would set up Visa cards and ATMS

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2006 New US military campaign plan issued continuing with withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Report ex-CIA Dir Tenet’s book said WMD not main reason why US invaded Iraq but that Bush

wanted democratic change in Middle East Said Pentagon officials like Wolfowitz and Feith focused on Iraq before 9/11 Said on 9/11 Def Policy Board member Richard Perle said Iraq responsible for attack and had to pay Said State and Pentagon at war with each other over Iraq Said US had no postwar plan for Iraq other than to put Chalabi in power Said White House ignored warnings about insurgency and failing policies in Iraq in 03 Said White House called CIA defeatists

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2007 ISI set off bomb in front of Karbala shrine 58 killed 170 wounded

2008 PM Maliki said he wanted Sadr City cleared of militias in 2-3 days Head of Baghdad Ops Command

US said impossible

2008 ISCI and Dawa delegation went to Iran to meet Sadr and Iran Rev Guards Quds Force’s Gen

Suleimani to negotiate ceasefire to end Charge of Knights

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2010 Court acquitted former Trade Min Sudani of corruption for lack of evidence after witnesses

disappeared or changed testimony under pressure from State of Law

2010 Accountability and Justice banned Iraqiya members of Diyala council for Baath past

2010 Baathists held meeting in Damascus trying to unify two factions of Mohammed Yunis and Izzat al-

Duri

2011 1920 Rev Brigades and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq agreed to disarm and join politics after talks with

National Reconciliation Min Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 Chief of staff of ISF Gen Zebari said Iraq would not be able to defend itself until 2020

2011 US Gen 25th Inf Div said Iranian backed Special Groups were attacking US forces

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2011 Sadrists said that if US stayed passed end of year that would justify attacks upon them

2012 Pres Barzani Pres Talabani Sadr Speaker Nujafi and Allawi met in Irbil to discuss no confidence

vote against PM Maliki

2012 Sadr issued demands to PM Maliki saying he would be removed if didn’t submit to them

2012 Pres Talabani tried to moderate between Maliki Barzani and Allawi over having no confidence vote

against PM

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Sheikh Abu Risha turned over 2 people said responsible for killing 5 soldiers at Fallujah protest

site

2014 Ibrahim Jaafari said that PM Maliki’s mistakes led to deterioration in security

2014 ISIS seized control of 6 voting centers in Qara Tapa, Diyala

2014 Iran signed oil and natural gas deal with KRG

2014 Special voting started in national elections for parliament

2015 Badr’s Amiri said Hashd would not wait for permission to enter Anbar Were already there

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2015 Sadr criticized Hashd trying to politicize fight against IS to gain power

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, April 27, 2021

Reporters Without Borders Latest To Comment On Lack of Press Freedom In Iraq


Reporters Without Borders released its annual report on press freedom around the world and found Iraq lacking. The country dropped in standing from 162 to 163 with the higher the number the worse the situation.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 27

 

1916 UK offered Ottomans all the artillery and 1 mil pounds in return for letting British forces leave Kut

UK forces had been under siege in Kut since Dec Ottomans refused offer

1918 British shelled Najaf with artillery to put down revolt

1924 New parliament met for 1st time to ratify Anglo-Iraq Treaty write constitution write law for

parliamentary elections Was lots of opposition to treaty Some wanted to amend which UK rejected

1966 Pres Arif said Kurds would never have autonomy but did want talks

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1980 Radio Tehran aired fake story that Saddam had been assassinated

1981 Iraqi counterattack stopped Iranian effort to retake Qasr e-Shirin central front

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1982 French delegation returned to Iraq to help work on its Osirak nuclear reactor Left after Iranian

bombing of reactor in 1980

1987 Iran Op Karbala 10 took 2 towns and 100 sq mi in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 Syria agreed to stop backing Iraqi Kurds

1991 Iraq made declaration of its nuclear program to UN inspectors but was hiding most of it

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1998 UN lifted travel restrictions on Iraqi officials after progress on inspections

2003 ORHA head Garner made first radio address to Iraqis calling for return to normalcy

2003 Report evidence found linking Ansar al-Islam with Al Qaeda

2003 Captured Mukhabarat documents showed it had meetings with Al Qaeda in 1990s

2003 Grenade thrown at 82nd Airborne troops wounding 2 in Ramadi

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 Baghdad conference opened to discuss forming an Iraqi provisional govt with 300 Iraqis attending

Endorsed by US

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2003 ORHA and Oil Ministry officials met and picked top positions in ministry

(Musings On Iraq Review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)

2003 US intercepted arms shipment sent by Turkey to Turkmen in Kirkuk

2004 60 Minutes II showed pictures of Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal

2007 Report ex-CIA Dir Tenet’s new book said White House made him scapegoat for Iraq war and bad

intel on Iraq’s WMD Said officials like Cheney Rice and Natl Sec Adv Hadley tried to blame him Said White House never had serious debate about Iraq threat Claimed Cheney and Pentagon officials like Wolfowitz and Feith were pushing for war at end of 2001 Said CIA opposed White House argument on Iraq-Al Qaeda connection

2008 Baghdad Operations Command said they captured Iraqis trained and armed 

            by Iran to fight ISF

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 Spec Insp Gen for Recon Report 855 of 47,321 US rebuilding projects ended mostly due to

violence and costs 112 were ended because of poor job by contractors Many projects listed as complete even though weren’t Ex USAID gave $50 mil contract to Bechtel to build children’s hospital in Basra Ended in 2006 due to long delays US said project finished even though only 35% of work done

2009 PM Maliki announced Iraqi forces captured Abu Omar al-Bahgdadi Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Responds To Renewed Violence Pt. 1: Al Qaeda’s Prince Arrested Or An Imposter?)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2009 PM Maliki condemned US raid in Kut that killed 2 civilians calling it a crime

2009 Basra police chief escaped IED laid by either Mahdi Army or Special Groups

2009 PM Maliki blamed recent ISI mass casualty bombings on US releasing prisoners as part of

withdrawal Earlier Maliki had demanded releases

2012 Kurdish Alliance returned to Ninewa council after boycott started in 2009 when Hadbaa took all

the top posts after elections

2013 Peshmerga said it was moving into disputed areas of Kirkuk Diyala Salahaddin to protect against

increased violence

2013 PM Maliki blamed Syria for rise of sectarianism and increased violence in Iraq

2013 Naqshibandi claimed they were behind rise in violence after ISF attacked Hawija protest site

2013 Anbar Operations Command set 24 hrs deadline for killers of 5 soldiers at Fallujah protest site to

be turned over

2013 5 Anbar tribes said they were arming to fight ISIS in province after 5 soldiers killed at Fallujah site

2013 2 tribes withdrew from Anbar protests after 5 soldiers killed at Fallujah site

2014 ISF claimed it was starting op to retake Fallujah that Anbar council denied was happening

2015 Arabs accused Peshmerga of destroying homes in 5 villages after freed from IS in Kirkuk

2015 Badr’s Amiri said using Hashd only way to free Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2015 IS head Baghdadi called on Syrian fighters to help fight in Salahaddin and Anbar

View the Iraq History Timelines

Monday, April 26, 2021

Security In Iraq Apr 15-21, 2021


The Islamic State’s annual Ramadan/Spring offensive took off the third week of April. That was topped off by a car bomb in Baghdad a very rare event these days. Pro-Iran groups also continued their steady pace of attacks upon American targets. They also hit the Turks for the first time.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 26

 

1923 UK’s Iraq committee presented findings and okayed by cabinet to stay path in Iraq

1941 PM Gaylani asked Axis for military and financial aid against British

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1947 Iraq left San Francisco Conference on creating UN to protest creation of Israel

1960 Iraqi Islamic Party founded as branch of Muslim Brotherhood

1987 Jordan and Saudis arranged meeting between Saddam and Syria’s Assad to try to improve ties

1990 Report Bush pushed greater economic ties with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Kurdish refugees began leaving Turkish mountains for refugee camps in Kurdistan Baghdad

offered amnesty to Kurds that fled during uprising

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

2003 Marines blocked demonstration against Mishan Jabouri declaring himself mayor of Mosul Shots

fired from crowd at Marines They fired back killing 10-15 civilians Led to riot

2003 ORHA held first meeting of the Iraqi Interim Authority made up of Iraqi exiles and opposition

figures

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Report Bush invaded Iraq to try to transform Middle East by creating a democracy and countering

draw of terrorism

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2003 White House said evidence Iraq might have destroyed its WMD right before war and that proved

war right

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

2003 Report no WMD found in sites Sec State Powell mentioned in his 03 UN speech

2003 Ayatollah Haeri issued fatwa from Iran saying clerics needed to fill power vacuum left by US

invasion

2003 Sheikh Naifus of Albu Alwan in Babil arrested for taking part in executions of rebels after 91

uprising

2004 Zarqawi announced his group Tawhid wal-Jihad

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement

2004 US announced Iraqi police returning to Fallujah and would start join patrols with Iraqi Civil

Defense Forces

2004 Aid agencies claimed Geneva Convention was violated in Battle of Fallujah due to civilian

casualties

2006 PM Maliki told Sec State Rice and Sec Def Rumsfeld he was going to fight terrorism improve

services clean up police

2006 Barham Salah said PM Maliki was step towards reconciliation

2006 Amb Khalizad took credit for creating new coalition that appointed Maliki premier

2007 Congress passed bill calling for US withdrawal from Iraq by 10/1/07 Was vetoed by Pres Bush

2008 Chalabi called Petraeus saying he could speak for militias to negotiate ceasefire in Sadr City

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2008 ISF said cleared last Sadr stronghold in Basra

2008 Report Iran shifted from sending operatives into Iraq to manage militias to training militias in Iran

US said changed tactics after 20 Quds Force operatives were captured by US from Dec 06-Jan 07 Training program in Iran meant to create core of militiamen that could then train others inside Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2009 US audit Since 2005 US funded logistics for Def Min Ministry not taken responsibility for

maintaining its equipment and supplying its forces Instead continued to rely upon US Not enough Iraqis trained in maintenance because Ministry never sent enough soldiers Didn’t think Iraqi army could run its open supply system by itself

2009 US audit US turning over projects to Iraq with no plan/process Projects handed over whether

Iraqi govt can maintain them or not

2010 Baath exile faction led by Ahmad Yunis said wanted to unite with other faction led by Izzat al-Duri

during meeting in Damascus

2010 Human Rights Watch interviewed prisoners who were held at secret prison at Baghdad Muthanna

Airport and tortured by ISF

2010 Kurdish member of Kirkuk council said displaced Arabs had to leave province and go home

2011 PM Maliki admitted his 100 day deadline to reform ministries was not enough time

2011 State of Law held counter protest in Mosul supporting PM Maliki

2011 Ninewa Gov Nujafi called for strike in response to security forces attacking protest camp in Mosul

2012 Sulaymaniya court gave protest organizer life in prison after policeman killed at protest in Halabja

2012 Report that Kurds being threatened and driven out of Khanaqin district northeast Diyala

2012 Sadr went to Irbil to meet Pres Barzani over no confidence vote against PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 4 Sunni mosques bombed in Baghdad after noon prayers

2013 Anbar protest leaders called for a popular army to be formed to protect protest sites

2013 Fallujah protest site announced formation of Pride and Dignity Army to protect demonstrators from

ISF

2013 5 Intelligence officers killed at Fallujah protest site

2013 ISF retook Suleiman Beq from insurgents who seized town for several days

2015 Kataib Hezbollah withdrew from southern Fallujah claiming PM Abadi and US were preventing it

from fighting there

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2015 Head of Anbar council announced PM Abadi okayed recruiting locals for Hashd

2016 Sadrists protested while parliament voted in 5 new ministers as part of PM Abadi’s technocratic

cabinet

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2017 Hashd took Hatra Ninewa from IS

2018 Iraq held auctions for 11 oil and gas fields half of which got winning bids

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, April 25, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 25

 

1920 San Remo Agreement created British Mandate in Iraq France agreed to give up Mosul vilyat in

return for oil concessions in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Dictatorship, Imperialism & Chaos, Iraq since 1989)

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1929 Iran officially recognized Iraq as a country Hadn’t before due to complaints of

            mistreatment of Persians in Iraq and British Mandate

1941 Iraq-Italian treaty signed to provide financial and military aid to Iraq for war against UK Axis

would get oil concessions and use ports and military bases

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1947 After Mahabad Republic crushed by Iran Mullah Mustafa Barzani retreated back to Barzan,

Iraq

1962 Barzani expelled police from Fish Khabour near Syrian border

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1966 PM Bazzaz said Kurds hard right to language and nationalism but not separation

1990 US Central Command report Said Iraq could be a potential problem in Middle East and ordered

increased intel gathering on it

1991 Kurdish parties agreed to deal with Saddam including autonomy to end

            revolt after Gulf War

1991 Turkey told UN 30,000 Iraqi Kurds had entered Turkey in 2 days and 220,000

            were on there way as Kurdish uprising put down

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1994 Iraqi govt announced completion of Mother of all Battles Irrigation Canal meant to

            drain southern marshes to drive out displaced and rebels

1995 Turkey’s Op Steel vs PKK ended Withdrew 20,000 troops but left 15,000 in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1998 Was story that bin Laden sent delegation to Iraq for Saddam’s birthday and

            Uday agreed to train Al Qaeda Report false

2002 Foreign Sec Straw said UK had to stand up to “bullies” like Saddam

2002 IAEA report that during inspections in 1990s Iraq’s nuclear program was

            dismantled and no ability to produce nuke material

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 US arrested ex-Iraq Amb to Tunisia Farouk Hijazi who reportedly met with Al

            Qaeda in 90s and cited as proof of Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

2003 Bush said Iraq’s WMD were either hidden or were destroyed but US would find

            them

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 White House official told NY Times Iraq may not have had WMD just agents to

make them

2003 Only Iraqi policemen to help US in Fallujah executed outside his house

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Franks said didn’t know how long it would take to

            rebuild and stabilize Iraq

2003 Iraqi opposition met in Madrid but failed to agree on an interim govt

2004 Sec Def Rumsfeld said US troops in Iraq would have tours extended for 3 months

2004 Marine generals met with Iraqis to discuss creating a Fallujah brigade after 1st

            battle of Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 CPA South started Op Phoenix to disband unofficial local councils and remove them from govt

buildings

2004 Larry Diamond worked as democracy expert for CPA said US encouraged Iraqis

            to participate in new Iraq but didn’t provide them security

2005 Iraq Survey Group found Gulf War and UN sanctions destroyed Iraq’s WMD

            programs and Saddam didn’t try to rebuild them

2005 Iraq Survey Group found no evidence that Iraq’s WMD were sent to Syria

2005 White House said Iraq Survey Group found Saddam wanted WMD in the future

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2006 Memo by Gen McCaffrey said that Iraqi army was making real progress but was

            badly equipped lacking armor air support etc

2006 Memo by Gen McCaffrey said Iraqi police heavily infiltrated by insurgents and

militias Said that Al Qeada in Iraq had been defeated as a strategic threat to the Iraqi govt

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2007 Sheikh Abdul Aziz Fahadawi held meeting of his Albu Fahad tribe in Anbar and told them not to

cooperate with ISI anymore

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2008 Sadr said he was only opposed to US occupation not Maliki govt

2008 Report Badr and Mahdi Army set up checkpoints and killed each other in Qadisiyah and

Baghdad 30 bodies found

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 PM Maliki said all parties supported his crackdown on Sadr and sign of reconciliation

2008 PM Maliki said if Sadr disarmed dropped politics turn in wanted militiamen would

stop Charge of Knights

2008 Fmr Under Sec of Def Feith said he warned of postwar chaos in Iraq but

            was ignored and Pentagon was on top of issue not State or CIA

2009 Gorran List founded by former PUK leader Mustafa

2009 State of Law organized protest in Khalis Diyala against new provincial council claiming it

included Baathists

2009 Arab tribes in Makhmour and Qaraj met with Ninewa Gov Nujafi Demanded Asayesh

withdraw claiming harassment by Kurds

2010 Iraqi Airways flew to London for first time in 20 years

2010 Court upheld Accountability and Justice Comm banning 52 winning candidates

            for Baathist ties

2011 PM Maliki claimed power had been decentralized in response to national protests

2011 ISF tried to stop protesters from gathering in Mosul Led to clash killing 1

            demonstrator and wounding 9 others

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2011 Protest in Ramadi demanded US withdrawal close secret prisons and stop

            Iranian influence in country

2011 Peshmerga Minister accused Kurdistan Islamic Group and Kurdistan Islamic

            Union of being saboteurs and fostering jihadists

2011 Kurdistan Islamic Union said KRG had cut its monthly budget

2011 Soldiers and KDP security got into shoot out in Kirkuk City after brother of 12th Div

commander killed a taxi driver and was arrested

2011 Speaker Nujafi said Iraq didn’t need US troops anymore and any extension would have to go

through parliament

2012 Accordance Front and Iraqiya threatened no confidence vote against PM Maliki unless

he followed Irbil power sharing agreement

2012 Pres Barzani said that unless PM Maliki shared power would be a revolt by

            other ruling parties Said Maliki was like a dictator

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2013 PM Maliki gave TV speech saying security would be restored after ISF attack

            on Hawija protest site led to spike in violence

2013 Heavy fighting in Mosul 10 police and 31 insurgents killed

2014 Boko Haram pledged support to ISIS

2014 US sent intelligence officers to assist Iraq with fighting insurgency, started

            training Iraqi Special Forces in Jordan

2014 KRG offered North Oil Company to use its pipeline to Turkey

2014 Report that insurgents were split over whether to support elections or not

2015 PM Abadi said Hashd should include all Iraqis from all backgrounds

2015 Kudish Alliance said opposed National Guard in disputed areas because

            peshmerga could secure them

2015 Yazidi militia leader Haider Sesho said that Yazidis would form their own

            party in Sinjar and be independent of KDP

2015 IS took over army base in Thar Thar, Anbar 141 soldiers killed in fighting

2020 Ansar al-Marjaiya pro-Najaf Hashd called on other brigades to follow its lead and

leave Hashd Commission

(Musings On Iraq Resigned PM Abdul Mahdi Doesn’t Accept Units Leaving Hashd Commission)

 View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 19

  1914 UK sent 3 gunboats to Shatt al-Arab to protect Persian oil fields ( Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, T...