Wednesday, April 28, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 28


1922 UK Iraq Commissioner Cox said King Faisal racially weak for disagreeing with him

1929 Tawfiq al-Suwaidi became premier of Iraq Would hold that office 3 times Were 14 govts under


(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1941 PM Gaylani and Golden Square officers decided to go to war with UK Asked Axis for military

and financial aid for second time to be used against British

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1941 UK Amb to Iraq told PM Gaylani second contingent of UK troops landing at Basra Gaylani

refused them entry Amb ordered start of evacuation of UK civilians from Iraq

1941 364 UK troops airlifted to Habaniya air base in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1947 Mustafa Barzani and 500 supporters returned to Iraq from Iran

1959 Communist paper editorial demanded positions in Qasim govt Turned down

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1973 Iraq offered to talk with Kuwait over border dispute

1974 Iraq bombed Halabja killing 42 and wounding over 100 during KDP rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1990 Iraq hosted Arab summit Saddam attacked Kuwait for economic warfare vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Saddam asked Emir of Kuwait if Iraq could use two of its islands Emir said no

1991 US led Coalition created safe zone for Kurds near Dohuk after uprising put down

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1992 Report CIA continued to give intel to Iraq until day it invaded Kuwait in Aug 90

1992 Campaign for a Free Iraq brought 17,000 min coffins to Iraqi embassy in London to symbolize victims

of Saddam Was paid for by Rendon Group hired by CIA to promote Iraqi opposition

1998 Inspectors report to UN said no progress in last 4 months due to confrontation with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2001 Report 9/11 terrorist Mohammed Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague Story false

2002 US military leaked story to press that Iraq invasion could use a force as small as 70,000 Was push

back against Sec Def Rumsfelds small invasion force

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2003 Protest in Fallujah led to shooting US troops killed 17 and wounded more than 70 Start of

insurgency in city

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2003 ORHA Garner met with 350 Iraqis in Baghdad and told them they were in charge of Iraq said

would be meeting to create interim govt in 4 weeks Garner then left and meeting broke down into arguments

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2003 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowtiz said US occupation of Iraq would not need as many troops as invasion


2003 Pentagon paper said interim Iraqi govt had not been decided upon

2003 Gen Franks asked UK to take control of 5 southern Iraqi provinces UK said could only handle 4

Basra Maysan Dhi Qar Muthanna

2003 UK report Iran sending in groups into southern Iraq to influence postwar situation

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2004 Fighting between US marines and insurgents continued in Fallujah while US commander claimed

ceasefire holding

2004 Marines began forming Fallujah Brigade to take over security of city

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 UK intel assessment said another attack upon Fallujah would make political and security situation

in Iraq worse

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 UN Rep Brahimi reported to Security Council that interim govt would serve until elections held in

late 2004-early 2005

2004 General Mark Kimmitt deputy director of Coalition operations in Iraq told CBS News he was

disappointed in a few soldiers for Abu Ghraib scandal

2005 PM Jaafari’s cabinet approved by parliament 5 ministers and 1 dep PM either empty or temporary

pending deal with Sunnis Defense Oil Electricity and Human Rights Ministers not been named yet

2005 US pressured PM Jaafari to name partial cabinet because filling ministers was taking too long

2005 Insurgents set off 17 car bombs killing 50 and wounding more than 100 to offset news of new Iraqi


2005 SCIRI head Abdul Aziz al-Hakim gave speech threatening to purge the security forces of former

regime members

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2005 MP Mishan al-Jabouri accused Shiites of dividing Iraq and Sunnis were marginalized

2005 Trade Bank of Iraq run by Chalabi’s nephew Urzi announced deal with Card Tech that he

used to work for and founded and partially owned by Chalabi Would set up Visa cards and ATMS

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2006 New US military campaign plan issued continuing with withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Report ex-CIA Dir Tenet’s book said WMD not main reason why US invaded Iraq but that Bush

wanted democratic change in Middle East Said Pentagon officials like Wolfowitz and Feith focused on Iraq before 9/11 Said on 9/11 Def Policy Board member Richard Perle said Iraq responsible for attack and had to pay Said State and Pentagon at war with each other over Iraq Said US had no postwar plan for Iraq other than to put Chalabi in power Said White House ignored warnings about insurgency and failing policies in Iraq in 03 Said White House called CIA defeatists

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2007 ISI set off bomb in front of Karbala shrine 58 killed 170 wounded

2008 PM Maliki said he wanted Sadr City cleared of militias in 2-3 days Head of Baghdad Ops Command

US said impossible

2008 ISCI and Dawa delegation went to Iran to meet Sadr and Iran Rev Guards Quds Force’s Gen

Suleimani to negotiate ceasefire to end Charge of Knights

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2010 Court acquitted former Trade Min Sudani of corruption for lack of evidence after witnesses

disappeared or changed testimony under pressure from State of Law

2010 Accountability and Justice banned Iraqiya members of Diyala council for Baath past

2010 Baathists held meeting in Damascus trying to unify two factions of Mohammed Yunis and Izzat al-


2011 1920 Rev Brigades and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq agreed to disarm and join politics after talks with

National Reconciliation Min Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 Chief of staff of ISF Gen Zebari said Iraq would not be able to defend itself until 2020

2011 US Gen 25th Inf Div said Iranian backed Special Groups were attacking US forces

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2011 Sadrists said that if US stayed passed end of year that would justify attacks upon them

2012 Pres Barzani Pres Talabani Sadr Speaker Nujafi and Allawi met in Irbil to discuss no confidence

vote against PM Maliki

2012 Sadr issued demands to PM Maliki saying he would be removed if didn’t submit to them

2012 Pres Talabani tried to moderate between Maliki Barzani and Allawi over having no confidence vote

against PM

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Sheikh Abu Risha turned over 2 people said responsible for killing 5 soldiers at Fallujah protest


2014 Ibrahim Jaafari said that PM Maliki’s mistakes led to deterioration in security

2014 ISIS seized control of 6 voting centers in Qara Tapa, Diyala

2014 Iran signed oil and natural gas deal with KRG

2014 Special voting started in national elections for parliament

2015 Badr’s Amiri said Hashd would not wait for permission to enter Anbar Were already there

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2015 Sadr criticized Hashd trying to politicize fight against IS to gain power

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