Friday, April 16, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 16

 

1941 Britain told Iraq that troops would be landing in Basra soon under Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1941 PM Gaylani agreed to allow British troops landing in Basra but demanded that they immediately

set out for Palestine or Egypt

1941 German letter arrived saying it would support Iraq revolt against British

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1945 Bagdhad railway strike for wage increase spread to Samawa

1959 850 Barzani supporters returned from USSR Arrived in Basra

1959 Peace day saw thousands of Communists march Demanded role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1968 Baath Nasserites and other army officials called for coalition govt return of parliament and dismiss

PM Yahya

1969 Shah unilaterally voided 1937 treaty over Shatt al-Arab Iraq took issue to UN Iran refused to go to

court over matter probably knowing it would lose

1969 Shah decided to give military support to Kurds to put political pressure on Pres Bakr over Shatt al-

Arab

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1972 Bakr offered limited cultural rights to Assyrians under Law 251 in continued outreach program to

community considered important counter to Kurds and trying to split them away from KDP Govt didn't fully implement law

1987 Iraqi planes dropped poison gas on Sheikh Wasan and Balisan villages killing over 100 civilians

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1988 Iraq offensive to recapture Faw Peninsula Basra from Iran began Largest Iraq land offensive since

1986 Used nerve and mustard gas

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 White House met to discuss limiting military equipment sales to Iraq

1991 Bush denied US responsible for telling Iraqis to revolt and then not supporting them

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1991 Report CIA and Saudis set up Voice of Free Iraq after Iraq invasion of Kuwait Used Iraqi exiles to

run station Called on Iraqi military to overthrow Saddam

1991 Pres Bush said that US would set up relief camps in Kurdistan to help refugees after Saddam put

down revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Bush said UN sanctions on Iraq would stay until Saddam removed from power Was not in UN

resolution

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

1991 State Dept met with Iraqi opposition including Ahmed Chalabi for first time

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1991 Baghdad and Kurds announced ceasefire and start of talks

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2002 NSC meeting talked about training Iraqi exiles for help with invasion

2003 Genk Franks issued declaration to Iraqi people saying US would only be there temporarily

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

2003 Gen Franks announced that Baath Party was no more in Iraq

2003 Gen Franks ordered withdrawal order for 60-120 days for US troops to drop from 175,000 to

30,000 by Aug 03

2003 Gen Franks told his staff that an interim Iraqi govt would be created in 30-60 days

2003 Gen Franks sent memo to Def Sec Rumsfeld Said time to start Phase IV postwar ops Said

international forces and police would arrive to allow US to withdraw Didn’t say where foreign forces were coming from

2003 US Central Command made official announcement that America was the authority in Iraq

2003 Congress appropriated $2.475 bil for rebuilding Iraq as part of Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

2003 Report Kurds were forcing Arabs out of Kirkuk city

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 INC’s Chalabi arrived in Baghdad and set up office in Hunting Club

2003 US forces captured Palestinian terrorist Abu Abbas Claimed proved Saddam backed terrorism

2003 Dep head of SCIRI Ayatollah Abdul Aziz al-Hakim returned to Iraq from Iran with 4,000-5,000

Badr militiamen

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2004 2 weeks 12,000 members of the Iraq Civil Defense Corps quit during insurgent offensive and

Sadrist uprising

2006 Report Iranian Revolutionary Guard set up camp in Diyala to train militias

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2006 CIA report Karbala police chief made deals with Sadr to attack US forces Gave them police IDs to

get through checkpoints

2006 GAO report US worried Iraq didn’t have money or know how to run 8,000 reconstruction projects

2006 GAO report As of June 2005 $52 mil of $200 mil completed large scale water projects not working

or below capacity due to looting lack of power no trained Iraqi staff

2006 GAO report $13.5 mil Karkh sewage treatment plant in Baghdad not operating $32 mil garbage

landfill in south Baghdad not operating after manager killed

2006 GAO report 40-60% of purified water never used in Baghdad because of leaks in system

2007 Sadrist ministers boycotted cabinet to protest US occupation

2007 3,000 protested in Basra over lack of services Demanded governor resign

2007 Report Mahdi Army moved into southwest Diyala Thousands of Shiites killed and displaced from

Baquba Sunnis kicked out of Baghdad by militias moved into Baquba US repeatedly reported ISF attacking Sunnis in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2007 Ret Gen Sheehan Wash Post OpEd on why he turned down Iraq-Afghan manager in Bush White

House Said after talking with officials found no Iraq strategy Said 3 separate views going on at once One was making incremental improvements over long period Another was focusing upon security with time constraint Third was placing Iraq within overall Middle East strategy

2007 Lavin Mag editor arrested for writing about about Pres Talabani being sick and who might replace

            him Ordered by Talabani’s office

2008 Accordance Front announced that it would end its boycott of cabinet Wouldn’t happen until July

2008 National Dialogue Council left Iraqi Accordance Front Said it might form alliance with Shiite

            parties

2008 Integrity Committee said it was investigating corruption in arms deal with Serbia made by PM

Maliki

2008 PM Maliki said $100 mil would be spent to rebuild Basra after Charge of Knights offensive Money

was mostly stolen by Dawa members or given out in patronage networks to win Maliki support

2008 PM Maliki removed Basra Ops commander Gen Furaiji and Basra police commander Gen Khalaf

2008 Dep Foreign Min accused Iran of supporting Mahdi Amy and other militias during Charge of

Knights

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 PM Maliki offered major concessions to Kurds Agreed to change oil law Legalize independent

Kurdish oil deals Pay for 190,000 Peshmerga Never happened

2008 Gen Petraeus told Congress that Charge of Knights was not well planned

            op by Iraqis

2009 US military told NYTimes Maliki govt not going after sahwa Said got late pay fixed in

all provinces but Diyala Said only 9 out of 323 sahwa leaders in Baghdad and 7 out of 275 leaders in Salahaddin had been arrested Did say up to 200 fighters had been arrested Maliki was playing divide and conquer with sahwa and never integrated them as promised

2010 PM Maliki said new government would include Allawi’s Iraqiya Iraqiya said it won so it should be

only party trying to put together new government

2010 State of Law said it and National Alliance would soon merge into one list to help form new govt

2011 Fin Min investigated charges of $17 bil dinars being embezzled from Central Bank of Iraq Nothing

came of inquiry

2011 Iraqiya accused Baghdad Operations Command of trying to limit protests

2011 Anbar council announced deal to end arbitrary arrests in province after negotiations with PM

Maliki

2011 Iraqiya threatened no confidence vote against Maliki claiming his govt was a failure

2011 Allawi said Iraqiya would withdraw from govt if power sharing agreement wasn’t implemented by

PM Maliki

2011 Kurdish security forces started arresting over 300 protesters in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2012 Report PM Maliki had shut out his adviser for Kurdish Affairs Adel Barwari

2012 Iraqiya in talks with Kurdish Alliance and members of National Coalition to remove Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 State of Law said it would run on its own and not with other Shiite parties in 2013 provincial vote

2012 Integrity committee said it voted on dismissing Baghdad’s mayor Issawi for wasting money on fake

contracts

2012 Dep PM Mutlaq announced that 1100 prisoners would be released as concession by PM Maliki

2013 500 protested at West Qurna 2 oil field demanding jobs and benefits from Lukoil that ran site

2015 PM Abadi said all the pictures of Iranian Gen Suleimani in Iraq sent the wrong message that Iran

was saving Iraq instead of Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2015 Anbar Governor Rawi called on Hashd to be sent to province to help fight IS 3000 Hashd sent to

Ramadi to help

2015 IS said to be in control of 70% of Ramadi

2020 Iraq cabinet ordered halt to monthly budget payments to Kurdistan It had not

followed 2019 budget to export oil in return for money

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Cuts Off Budget Payments To Kurdistan Once More)

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