Monday, May 10, 2021

Security In Iraq May 1-7, 2021


The Islamic State’s annual Ramadan offensive in Iraq continued into the first week of May. Pro-Iran groups were active as well. That led to the most incidents since May 2020.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 10

 

1920 Nationalist Haras al-Istiqlal decided to increase campaign for independence in Baghdad

Agreed on joint Sunni-Shiite events during annual religious ceremonies

1923 Sir Henry Dobbs wrote US Consul in Iraq that King Faisal was not a strong leader and he

expected trouble from his rule

1941 New German ambassador to Iraq arrived in Mosul with 2 He 111 bombers

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Iraqis abandoned Fort Rutba in Anbar allowing British to capture it

1941 UK India cmdr Gen Auchinlek advocated occupying Baghdad Mosul Kirkuk to preclude German

intervention Mideast cmdr Gen Wavell told Auchinlek that Iraq not as important as other fronts and he had limited resources

1941 UK Mideast cmdr Gen Wavell told Churchill attack on Baghdad could start Arab revolt Wavell told

Churchill some Jordanian forces already refused to go to Iraq Wavell finally gave order for forces in Jordan to head for Habaniya Anbar Wavell ordered that Baghdad was not to be occupied

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1950 Grenade thrown at car company owned by Jews in Baghdad 4 injured 2nd of 7 such attacks on Jews

1950-51

1950 Iraq prosecuted Jews for grenade attacks claiming Zionist plot to get Jews to move to Israel

Opponents argued most Jews already leaving Iraq so no need to scare them

1959 General Federation of Peasant Societies Law passed legalizing peasant groups Big victory for

Communists who were organizing peasants to push Gen Qasim to give it role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1967 PM Naji Talib forced to resign by military Pres Abdul Rahman Arif became premier

1976 New Kurdish rebellion led by PUK started Kurds backed by Soviet Union, Syria, Iran, Libya

1991 Iraq rejected US French UK proposal for international police force to deploy to Kurdistan

2002 Gen Franks discussed war plans with Sec Def Rumsfeld who was afraid Iraq might take initiative

and launch a pre-emptive attack

2002 Gen Franks briefed NSC on Middle Eastern countries and their role in invasion plans

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2002 CIA briefing book on Iraq’s WMD mentioned Iraq-Niger uranium deal

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim head of SCIRI returned to Iraq from Iran

2003 Outgoing ORHA head Garner flew to Qatar to brief incoming CPA head Bremer on situation in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2003 US forces surrounded Iranian opposition group Mujahadeen e-Khalq camp and demanded they

disarm

2004 Bush told Sec Def Rumsfeld he was doing a super job and US owed him a debt in middle of Abu

Ghraib scandal

2004 Human Rights Min Turki told Guardian Bremer warned in 2003 about prisoner abuse by US

soldiers

2004 PM Blair denied he knew about British forces abusing Iraqi prisoners

2004 US and ISF began returning to Fallujah

2004 Finance Min Chalabi sent letter to judge telling him to stop investigating ministry for corruption

2005 Parliament created 55 member constitution drafting committee but with no Sunni members

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq book review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2008 Sadr announced ceasefire ending most fighting in Baghdad Led to many Special Groups and

Asaib Ahl Al-Haq to flee to Iran

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2008 Op Mother of Two Rivers started in Mosul after Charge of Knights ended Mosul main insurgent

base after Surge Offensive announced publicly before started so many insurgents left

(Musings On Iraq The Security Situation In Mosul)

2010 Kurdish list in Ninewa said open to deal with Hadbaa to join provincial council which Kurds had

boycotted since 09

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

2010 ISI carried out coordinated car bombings in Baghdad Hillah Iskandiriya Basra

2010 Iranian helicopters attacked Kurdish villages and got into shootout with Peshmerga trying to target

PJAK

2011 Analyst est Iraq lost $493 bil 03-11 due to bad administration planning and project delays

2011 Army chief of staff Gen Zebari said US withdrawal would be bad for security in Iraq because ISF

not ready to defend country until 2020

2011 Allawi released insulting letter to PM Maliki in response to letter from premier

2011 Protest in Mosul demanding US withdrawal release of prisoners govt reform

2012 KRG complained about PM Maliki holding cabinet meeting in Kirkuk Listed all grievances with

Baghdad over oil Article 140 etc

2012 KRG Natural Resource Min said if Baghdad didn’t deliver regions’ share of budget it would truck

oil for exports independently

2020 Protests re-started in Iraq against election of new PM Kazemi govt

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Iraq Can New Govt Respond To Their Demands?)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, May 9, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - May 9

 

1935 Iraqi air force dropped flyers telling tribes to end revolt in Diwaniya or govt would punish

them Tribes refused Govt started bombing area Martial law declared Rumaitha Gen Sidqi put in command of putting down revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1941 Germany announced aid package for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 German diplomat arrived in Syria to organize arms shipments to Iraq

1941 Start of 100 German and 20 Italian airplanes landing in Syrian bases to fight British in Iraq British

intel found out about planes being flown from Greece to Syria and that Vichy France sending trains full of military aid to Iraq

1941 British planes bombed Iraqi police holding Fort Rutba, Anbar while Iraqi

            reinforcements arrived Bombed air bases in Mosul and Rashid

1941 British cmdr in India Gen Auchinleck told Chiefs of Staff British had to deal with Iraq

1941 PM Churchill told MidEast commander Gen Wavell he had to take bold military action against Iraq

and wouldn’t negotiation with PM Gaylani

1941 Jordanian soldiers under UK command mutinied and refused to cross over into Iraq 240 men left

unit not wanting to fight fellow Arabs

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1954 Iraq and Syria met to discuss unification Never happened

1982 Iran cut off 2 Iraqi divisions and regained 116 sq mi in Khuzistan province in south

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

1984 State Dept memo said that new pro-Iraq policy could lead to export of dual use equipment for

Baghdad’s nuclear program

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 US forces withdrew from southern Iraq after Gulf War

1991 Iraq rejected proposal to have intl police force to divide Iraqi forces from Kurds in north

1992 Saddam discussed assassinating Mubarak and King Fahd because they backed US in Gulf War

2001 US Energy Dept said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy fit specifications for rocket launchers IAEA

found similar tubes during inspections in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2002 Gen Franks ordered commanders to plan for including Turkey in Iraq invasion plans Franks didn’t

believe Ankara would agree to allow US troops to use country for invasion but needed to plan for it

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2002 Pentagon memo to Rumsfeld said that US had to pick who would fill vacuum after Saddam Said

Iraqi opposition would help

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2003 US and UK draft resolution to UN to make them occupying powers in Iraq

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld US would keep as many troops as necessary in Iraq and would take more than

year to build Iraqi govt

2003 1st joint US-Iraqi patrols started in Baghdad

2003 UK Cmdr in Basra said 900 unarmed poice had been reconstituted

2003 Sadrist cleric called for revenge attacks upon Baathists

2003 US general met with Iraqi officers about getting Iraqi soldiers back to their units and to stop looting

and impose order

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

2003 Bush signed memo officially making Bremer presidential envoy to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 Bremer met Bush and mentioned RAND study that said US needed 500,000 troops to occupy Iraq

Bush asked Rumsfeld who said there were enough troops

2003 Bremer cancelled Khalilzad Zalimay’s return trip to Iraq to work on an interim Iraqi authority

2003 Under Sec Def Feith gave Bremer draft of deBaathification and disbanding Iraqi military Feith would

later deny he drafted orders Feith said he was going to give order to Garner but Bremer wanted to issue it

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

2003 CPA sent draft order to disband Iraqi military and build a new one to Sec Def Rumsfeld

2003 DepDefSec Wolfowitz in Vanity Fair Bush admin all agreed on WMD as way to justify Iraq war

2003 US announced it found mobile WMD labs Story proved false

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

2004 Think tank estimated that Iraq would could cost $300 bil in ten years when Bush admin was

pushing low numbers

2004 Report some US officers worried winning militarily in Iraq but losing support of Iraqi public

2008 Government and Sadr signed ceasefire to end Charge of Knights Allowed ISF to conduct arrests and

raids in Sadr City

2008 Baghdad Operations Command said they found Iranian weapons with Mahdi Army in capital

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2009 US said Iran continued to train Iraqi militias but at lower levels than before

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2009 PM Maliki called for anti-corruption campaign Did nothing afterward

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2010 Protests in front of KRG parliament over murder of journalist Zardasht Osman

2011 PM Maliki released insulting letter to Allawi

2011 Former Health Minister warned that Iraq had become part of drug trafficking networks between

Middle East and Europe

2011 ISI was said to give allegiance to Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri and promised revenge for bin Laden’s death

2012 Report that $5 mil being stolen a month from contract for Turkish ships to provide electricity to

Basra

2012 PM Maliki said Peshmerga should leave Kirkuk while Kurds criticized PMs visit to city

2012 Turkey said it would not arrest former VP Hashemi who was residing there after Interpol notice for

him

2013 Pres Barzani said KRG was training Kurds to fight in Syrian war

2014 Govt claimed 90% of Ramadi cleared of ISIS when insurgents still occupied large areas of city

2015 Tribal fighters began training in Anbar with approval by PM Abadi

2018 Board of Supreme Audit warned Iraq Election Comm that Korean voting machines had problems

and Commission had not responded to its concerns earlier

View the Iraq History Timelines

Saturday, May 8, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - May 8

 

1927 Iraqi cabinet resolution said Assyrians would be settled in the country

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1941 British Arab Legion left Palestine to take back Fort Rutba, Anbar from Iraqi police

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Arab Legion attacked by German aircraft and one regiment refused to cross Transjordan border

into Iraq

1941 British Royal Air Force reported Iraqi air force combat ineffective Lost 25 planes Another 20-30

heavily damaged

1941 Vichy France agreed to transfer weapons from Syria to Iraq to use its air fields and okayed

landing of German planes

1941 Iraq Def Min Shawkat went to Turkey for talks Ankara offered end of fighting permission for UK to

use bases in Iraq In return UK would recognize Gayalani’s govt

1941 Iraq Finance Min Suwaidi went to Saudi Arabia to explain conflict with UK and ask for

mediation Ibn Saud said Iraq should end war

1941 UK Mideast Cmdr Gen Wavell said not enough troops to take Baghdad and fight Iraqi and Axis

forces

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1982 Iran announced it had reached pre-war border with Iraq Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

1982 Saddam ordered retreating Iraqi forces to rally in Khorramshahr in south dubbing it a Stalingrad

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 138 Kurdish villages in southern and central Sulaymaniya abandoned due to Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 Saddam claimed Iraq could build high tech capacitors for use in nuclear triggers

2002 UK Foreign Sec Straw told Sec State Powell if Bush decided on military action against Iraq PM

Blair would back him

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Volume 2 Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Sec State Powell said US and UK would go to UN to authorize occupation of Iraq

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld told staff rebuilding Iraq would not be fast or easy and needed time

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 UK parliament announced review of pre-war intelligence on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 ORHA met with ex-Iraqi army officers 2nd time Said they could bring back 137,000 soldiers

2003 Def Min memo called for Iraqi soldiers to return to duty and cooperate with ORHA

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld gave Bremer memo on DeBaathification

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2004 Bush said US goal was to build a free and peaceful Iraq that was not a threat to its neighbors

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2004 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Congress that Iraqi victims of Abu Ghraib prison abuse should be

compensated

2004 Pentagon est by end of 2005 Iraq war would cost US $150 bil 3 times higher than White House

prediction before war

2004 Mahdi Army fought with British troops in downtown Basra

2004 US forces moved into Karbala and Amarah setting off clashes with Mahdi Army US forces seized a

govt complex in Najaf fighting Mahdi Army

2005 Battle of Qaim began

2009 Ninewa Gov Nujafi stopped by Peshmerga from going to hot air balloon festival in Bashiqa Part of

Kurd-Hadbaa List dispute

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

2009 KRG said they would start exporting oil from Taq Taq and Tawke fields after Oil Min okayed

connecting them to Turkish pipeline Oil Min said it wouldn’t pay oil companies however

(Musings On Iraq Breakthrough On Oil Deal Between Baghdad and Kurdistan? Not Quite)

(Musings On Iraq Companies Exporting Oil From Kurdistan Without Getting Paid)

2009 Report ISF lacked men equipment logistics Suffered from corruption and political

interference US set up programs to train Iraqis in logistics but largely failed Relied upon US for intelligence air support medical care

2010 Pres Barzani set up investigation into murder of journalist Zardasht Osman KDP was accused of

involvement

2011 Anbar councilman complained that ISF continued arrest of former ISF members after PM Maliki

promised to end them

2011 ISI members staged a prison revolt in Baghdad killing 6 police and 11 prisoners

2012 PM Maliki held cabinet meeting in Kirkuk to highlight problems between Arabs and Kurds

2012 Allawi said PM Maliki was becoming an autocrat

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2013 Iraqiya said PM Maliki was allowing militias to operate in country

2014 US restarted training for Iraqi Counter Terrorism Service in Jordan

2014 Anbar council again denied stories that ISF launched operation to free Fallujah

2015 IS broke out 30 prisoners from facility in Diyala posing as inspectors

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, May 7, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - May 7

 

1935 Sheikh Ahmad Asadullah follower of leading cleric Shiite cleric Ghita called for his followers

in Rumaitha to revolt against govt 3 other tribes revolted in Diwaniya

1941 British troops took Ashar, Basra Iraqis bombed British Habaniya air base Iraqi forces

retreating from Habaniya ran into Iraqi units coming from Fallujah Columns stopped to consult Attacked and destroyed by British planes from Habaniya base 1,000 Iraqis killed

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1982 Iran launched 2nd phase of Op Bait al-Moqaddas in Khuzistan province in south Attacked between

Susangard and Muran in north pushing Iraqis back to border Destroyed 1 Iraqi division

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

1985 Iraq shelled Khormashahr in south

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Dep Natl Sec Adv Gates said Iraqis would have to suffer sanctions as long as Saddam remained in

power

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

2003 US military found trailers that could be mobile WMD labs Weren’t

2003 Undersec of Def Cambone said US would eventually find Iraq’s WMD and that mobile WMD labs

had been found already Didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 ORHA decided to allow Baath members to return to jobs in ministries Said only 55 most wanted

were banned

2004 Zarqawi beheaded American Nick Berg and video taped it

(Musings On Iraq review ISIS The State of Terror)

2004 Sec Def Rumsfeld testified to Congress about Abu Ghraib scandal Apologized for abuse Claimed he

and Pentagon knew nothing and no one in his office and Pentagon had seen the photos despite being briefed receiving emails and getting the photos

2004 New York Times called for Sec Def Rumsfeld to resign over Abu Ghraib prison scandal

2004 Bin Laden tape offered reward for killing US and UN officials or citizens of any country that had

any troops in Iraq

2005 PM Jaafari filled 5 empty ministry spots and 1 Dep PM but Human Rights Minister turned down job

saying appointed only because he was a Sunni

2006 New KRG government formed unifying KDP and PUK administrations after they split during 90s

civil war Massoud Barzani president Nechirvan Barzani premier

2007 VP Hashemi said meeting with PM Maliki was productive silencing talk that Iraqi Accordance Front

would withdraw from govt

2008 Fighting broke out between Mahdi Army and Badr in Baghdad’s Abu Dishr after Sadrists tried to

kill Badr commander

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 Report US officer in Baghdad’s Adhamiya frustrated with Iraqi govt Said application to integrate

local Sahwa into ISF rejected because form was in wrong ink

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2009 Trade Min Sudani’s brother arrested on corruption charges

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2011 Failed ISI attack upon a Baghdad prison

2012 Iraqi court ruled that Hezbollah’s Ali Mussa Daqduq would be released for lack evidence Daqduq

was liaison with militias brought in by Iran

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2012 At meeting with Turkish businesses and reporters KRG Premier Barzani said Ankara saw Kurdistan

as strategic partner

2013 Hakim and Sadr met in Najaf to discuss how to deal with PM Maliki Decided on forming alliance to

take power in new prov govts in south

2014 Meetings in Irbil and Amman with sheikhs failed to end fighting in Anbar

2014 Iraqi forces assault on Fallujah failed Was first city to fall to renewed insurgency

2015 Salahaddin council said would not let displaced associated with IS return to homes

2015 Peshmerga demanded that Hashd withdraw from Sadiya, Diyala as two vied for control of area

2020 Intelligence head Kazemi elected new premier of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Can Iraq’s New PM Maneuver The System Or Have To Follow It?)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, May 6, 2021

Iraq’s Parties Prepare For 2021 Elections

(Brookings)

Iraq’s political parties are gearing up for the October 2021 elections. That’s seen by a slew of announcements of new coalitions recently.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 6

 

1935 Govt arrested cleric Asadallah follower of Ayatollah Ghita who had been demanding

concessions from govt Led to revolt by Abu Hassan Bani Zurayij and Zawalim tribes against monarchy

1941 UK Foreign Min Eden told parliament if Iraq withdrew forces from Habaniya and fighting stopped

London willing to talk Policy was to remove PM Gaylani

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Iraq launched largest air attack on Habaniya air base Iraqis then began to withdraw from outside

base due to lack of water and rations 409 Iraqi soldiers captured Iraqis suffered 1,000 casualties

1941 Iraq launched 2nd air raid on Habaniya later that day Iraqis lost initiative in Anglo-Iraq War when

gave up in Habaniya Had no plan or leadership to do more than lay siege to base

1941 British and Assyrian forces took Sin al-Dhiban, Anbar captured 300 Iraqi soldiers

1941 British planes destroyed Iraqi column heading for Habaniya inflicting over 1,000 casualties and

prisoners taken

1941 PM Gaylani told Mufti of Jerusalem to contact Germans and ask them for immediate aid

1941 German deal with Vichy France allowed military equipment to be moved from Syria to Iraq to fight

British

1941 German air unit sent to Syria bound for Mosul to confront British

1941 More British troops landed in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1963 Soviet Union said it supported Mustafa Barzani

1968 Arif govt said elections that were delayed in 1964 and 1967 would be delayed again

until 1970

1991 Saddam held rally with crowds chanting “Bush listen carefully We all love Saddam Hussein”

1991 Iraq letter to UN accused US of sending in counterfeit dinars to undermine economy

1991 2nd round of Baghdad-Kurd talks started Barzani led delegation

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1998 100 US peace activists led by former Attn Gen Ramsey Clark arrived in Iraq with $4 mil in

medicine to protest sanctions

2003 Bush speech said building democracy in Iraq would be like what US did in post WWII Germany

and Japan

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2003 Bush announced Paul Bremer as head of new CPA to run postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Bush told Bremer he had whatever time he needed to put Iraq back together

2003 ORHA agreed to allow Baath members to return to government jobs and police

2003 NY Times Kristof OpEd used Fmr Amb Wilson as unnamed source on Iraq-Niger uranium deal Said

Wilson went to Niger in 2002 and told CIA and State Dept that uranium story based upon fake docs Wilson accused US intel of covering up his findings and decieving world Said White House and State Dept kept using story despite denial Wilson never saw docs and went to Niger 8 months before US got them

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2004 NSC meeting on how to frame and publicize the coming return of sovereignty to Iraq

2004 First large scale fight broke out between US forces and Mahdi Army in Najaf

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

2004 Wash Post published new pictures of Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse

2004 Gen Taguba who investigated Abu Ghraib abuse briefed Def Sec Rumsfeld Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz

others after scandal broke in press All said they knew nothing of case Taguba said torture took place Rumsfeld denied he knew anything even though Taguba had briefed Pentagon and military Rumsfeld’s office and Pentagon had received pictures of abuse in January 04 Appeared to have ignored them

2006 British helicopter shot down over Basra killing 5 soldiers When British moved to secure wreckage

were attacked by 300 Mahdi Army militiamen

2008 ISF raided hospital and police stations in Baghdad accusing officers and staff of being Mahdi Army

members

2008 ISF raided Sadr offices in Kut

2009 Sahwa leaders in Ghaziliya Baghdad and northern Kirkuk said men were leaving because not

paid by govt Arrests of sahwa leaders continued as well

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2009 Dawa MP said new offensive in Diyala would fail because insurgents had fled to Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Local Criticism of New Security Operation In Diyala)

2009 Integrity Comm head Judge Ogaili said law allowed ministers to stop corruption cases

Politicians and parties interfered and gave immunity to people 2008 Interior Min had most corruption cases with 736

2010 Maliki govt announced start of 5 year anti-corruption plan

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2013 Report said politicians manipulating Central Bank of Iraq dollar auctions

2015 Barzani met with Obama in Washington Asked for heavy weapons Said Kurds would help in Battle

of Mosul Said wouldn’t fight in Arab areas and didn’t covet territory

View the Iraq History Timelines

Wednesday, May 5, 2021

Review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-1970

Jawad, Sa’ad, Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-1970, London: Ithaca Press London, 1981


 

Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-1970 by Sa’ad Jawad is a very good breakdown of the politics surrounding the Kurdish movement. It has several major themes. The first is the divisions within the Iraqi Kurds between the tribal leaders and the intellectuals. The latter in the form of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) tried but failed to provide leadership. The former were able to maintain their power and their feudal systems as a result. The second was how successive Iraqi governments never came to a compromise with the Kurds over their demands for autonomy. The third was how foreign powers, especially Iran was able to dominate the movement militarily and economically.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 5

 

1920 British mandate announced in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Dictatorship, Imperialism & Chaos, Iraq since 1989)

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review A Short History of Iraq)

1935 Iraqi army and air force attacked tribal revolt in Rumaitha

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1941 UK Mideast Cmdr Gen Wavell didn’t think force from Palestine could relieve Habaniya base in

Anbar and their departure would undermine security in Palestine

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Gen Wavell told to think up air strike plan against Kirkuk oil fields Idea was later dropped

1941 Iraqi troops at Habaniya ran out of ammunition and not re-supplied Began withdrawing 300

captured by British

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1973 Kuwait agreed to Iraqi offer to discuss border dispute

1981 Press report that Soviets sent military aid to Iraq through Eastern European allies

1982 Iran attacked in central front breaking through Iraqi lines Reached Iraqi border to try to draw away

Iraqi forces from Basra Forced Iraqis to withdraw from Qasr e-Shirin, Sumar, and Mehran

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1985 Iraq bombed Ahvaz and Bushahr starting 2nd War of the Cities Iran fired missiles at Baghdad and

shelled Iraqi border towns

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Bush signed presidential finding authorizing CIA to overthrow Saddam

2001 Iraq told UN it worked on a nuclear bomb in the 1980s but it proved unfeasible In the 90s IAEA

found Iraq no longer working on nuclear program

2003 US held provincial elections in Ninewa

2003 ORHA announced 9 man leadership group that would put together an interim Iraqi govt later in

May

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 ORHA official met with ex-soldiers promising them one time $20 payment if came back to work

2003 US forces announced captured Huda Ammash “Mrs Anthrax” that worked on WMD program

2003 CIA did new test with aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy Found could not take speed of centrifuges

Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2004 Gen Abizaid told Bush that security was getting under control after insurgent and Sadr uprisings

2004 Bush promised investigation into Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal Appeared on 2 Arab TV

channels condemning abuse

2004 Sec Def Rumsfeld told reporter Geneva Conventions didn’t exactly apply to prisoners in Iraq but

were more like basic rules

2006 Report 2004-05 MP Jabouri stole millions from tribal protection force for pipelines in Salahaddin

Made up 200-300 fake names and pocked salaries Took first month’s salary for force Company owned by his son contracted to feed force Stole 4/5 of the money

2007 Iraqi Accordance Front and VP Hashemi threatened to withdraw from govt over Maliki govt not

fulfilling promises including amending constitution

2009 Iraq Central Bank turned down PM Maliki asking to use surplus to cover budget deficit

2011 ISI suicide car bomb attacked Hillah police station killing 25 to mark bin Laden’s death

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2012 Anbar council said it finished preparation to hold referendum on making province a region to

            protest PM Maliki

2012 Pres Talabani Pres Barzani Sadr Speaker Nujafi and Allawi issued ultimatum to PM Maliki to

follow power sharing Irbil agreement

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 KRG said unless Baghdad paid them money owed they would start exporting oil independently

2013 Sheikh Abu Risha rejected making Anbar a region

2013 PM Maliki claimed Iraq took care of fake bomb detectors even though still used

2014 Heavy fighting reported between Ansar al-Sunna and ISIS in Riyad, Kirkuk

2014 ISF claimed it cleared most of Saqlawiya Anbar but fighting continued there

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Shows Battle Against Insurgents Will Be Long And Often Futile)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, May 4, 2021

Iraq’s Oil Revenues Slightly Down In April But Still Enough For Budget


Oil prices and revenues declined slightly for Iraq in April 2021. Its crude was still selling for over $60 per barrel however which was most important in order to fund its budget.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 4

 

1920 Nationalist group Haras al-Istiqlal leader Timam went to Karbala and met with Grand

Ayatollah Shirazi clergy and sheikhs Shirazi said worried couldn’t military beat British Wanted peaceful protests

(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1941 UK bombed Iraqi air bases in Baghdad and Baquba Destroyed or damaged 29 planes in

Baghdad 14 in Baquba

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 British bombers arrived at Habaniya airbase in Anbar from Egypt while Iraqis continued to shell

base 150 UK troops also flown into base

1941 British troops in Habaniya base Anbar launched attacked and failed to take Sin al-Dhibban used to

cross Euphrates and supply Iraqi troops outside base

1941 British dropped leaflets on Baghdad saying war was with Gaylani govt not Iraqi people

1941 Regent broadcast radio message asking people not to follow Gaylani govt Baghdad radio called on

govt to arm the people

1941 PM Gaylani sent diplomat to Tehran and told embassy in Turkey to pressure Germans to send aid

1941 UK Chiefs of Staff told Mid-East commander Gen Wavell he had to take action against the Gaylani

govt

1941 UK War Sec Eden told Iraqi charge d’affaires if war continued and Germany joined all of Iraq

would become a battlefield

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1966 PM Bazzaz push for negotiations with Kurds overruled by military Govt launched new

offensive against Kurds aimed at sealing border with Iran

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1981 Iraq began shelling Iran’s oil refinery at Abadan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Iraqi forces attacked PUK in Askar Kurdistan during 4th Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1989 Saddam’s cousin and Defense Minister Adnan Kairallah died in helicopter crash

Hussein Kamal later admitted to killing him on orders from Saddam

1991 2nd round of peace talks between Kurds and Baghdad postponed due to differences between KDP

and PUK over need for international help and oil

1995 Turkey withdrew 15,000 troops after KDP said it would crackdown on PKK in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 Sec State Powell said sure US would find Iraq’s WMD Sec Def Rumsfeld said US never claimed

finding WMD would be easy Powell denied stories that Iraq sent its WMD to Syria

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 US official said unlikely to find any large MWD or nuke stocks in Iraq Said sanctions had led Iraq

to get rid of most of its WMD

2003 Iraqi scientists told US investigators Iraq had no WMD for years

2003 ORHA memo said security was still top priority in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

2004 Shiite leaders called on Sadr to withdraw his Mahdi Army from Najaf and Karbala

2004 US announced it would not be withdrawing forces from Iraq as planned

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2004 CIA started investigation into whether it kept undocumented prisoners in Iraq It did

2005 Sadrist cleric in Basra talked about imposing Islamic Law on city including bombing liquor stores

imposing Islamic dress attacking mixed picknickers Said movement didn’t want to be like Iran because most Iranians were corrupt

2005 Doctors in Basra said Mahdi Army tried to stop male doctors from serving female patients Posted

pictures of Sadr in hospitals

2006 Zarqawi gave presentation saying Al Qaeda in Iraq needed to expand its base from Anbar into

Salahaddin and Diyala Said Ramadi was to be named capital of emirate

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Fmr CIA National Intelligence Officer Pillar said that Bush admin manipulated evidence to tie Iraq

to Al Qaeda before invasion Part of CIA vs White House blame game for prewar intel

2007 US broke up arms smuggling ring in Sadr City bringing in EFPs and other arms from Iran into Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Iraqi Accordance Front said joining politics was a disaster Said it agreed to join politics based upon

promises of constitutional reform and reconciliation but didn’t happen

2008 ISF destroyed Thar Allah HQ in Basra after weapons found there

2008 Govt spokesman said Iraq had hard evidence of Iranian support for militias and violence Later in

day changed to saying didn’t have hard evidence It did

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2008 Iraq general in Karbala said Iran giving weapons to militias in city and undermining security

2008 PM Maliki adv Haidar Abadi said Iran denied they were sending weapons to Iraq Iran told Iraq it

would be foolish to send arms with Iranian markings on them That’s actually what Iran did

2008 Report Captured Mahdi Army militiamen admitted to being trained by Hezbollah in camps in Iran

run by Iran Rev Guards Quds Force

(Musings On Iraq on Iran training Iraqi militias)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2009 Sadr said he had given up on armed struggle against US and wanted to focus upon politics

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2009 ISCI MP from Diyala said that no one trusted ISF or new Op Promise of Good II in province Said false

info being used to conduct arrests Another MP demanded that Gen Ghidan in charge of operation resign

(Musings On Iraq Local Criticism of New Security Operation In Diyala)

2010 Baathist leader apologized for mistakes of party Said wanted to join politics Public needed to

remember achievements of party

2010 State of Law and National Alliance announced joining to form National Coalition after elections

            after meetings organized by Iran

2011 Speaker of US House Boehner said US forces should stay in Iraq past end of 2011 deadline

2011 PM Maliki submitted new list of nominees for security ministries empty since 2010 elections

2012 PM Maliki’s media advisor Ghabban said he thought dispute between Baghdad and KRG over oil

and budget would be over by end of 2012

2012 Pres Barzani gave speech saying Kurds would never live under a dictatorship meaning PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2012 KRG called for Baghdad to pay oil companies operating in Kurdistan

2012 KRG said in talks with Turkey to build an oil and gas pipeline between two

2013 Election Commission announced final results for provincial elections State of Law lost 30% of its

seats from 09 vote

2013 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq rally in Baghdad announced it was fighting in Syria as part of Abu al-Fadhl

al-Abbas Brigade

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Abu Fadhl Al-Abbas Brigade From Fighting In Syria To Iraq)

2014 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri said that ISIS fighting in Syria was a disaster

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Fighting between Ansar al-Sunna and ISIS in Kirkuk

2014 Sadrists said talks with ISCI Kurds and Allawi to block Maliki from 3rd term as PM

2017 Iraqi forces attacked Mosul from northwest opening new front in city

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Security In Iraq May 1-7, 2021

The Islamic State’s annual Ramadan offensive in Iraq continued into the first week of May. Pro-Iran groups were active as well. That led to ...