Wednesday, December 7, 2022

Iraq’s Ruling Parties Drop Idea Of Early Elections  

(AFP)

When Iraq’s ruling parties were negotiating a new government in the summer and fall of 2022 they were discussing early elections. This was mostly pushed by
Moqtada al-Sadr and supported by his allies Speaker Mohammed Halbusi and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. The idea was that the elite would agree upon a compromise premier but then hold elections again for a more permanent government. Sadr was initially in the dominant position with the most seats in parliament and thought he would do even better if voting was held again solidifying his position as the new leader in the country.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 7 Saddam said Iraq going on defensive in Iran-Iraq War 3 months into war

(Biography)

 

1914 UK made 2nd attack on Qurna, Basra forcing Ottomans to retreat Lost around 200 killed

130 taken prisoner UK lost 10 killed 118 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Oil Market Cools Causing 5 Month Decline In Iraq’s Revenues  


Iraq was more than happy when Russia invaded Ukraine because it set off a bubble in the oil market. That is now ending and Iraq’s revenues are declining as a result.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 6 Kataib Hezbollah fired into Baghdad protesters Killed 85 Wounded 130

(AP)

 

1915 UK cmdr Gen Townsend sent his cavalry and transport south from Kut so would have fewer mouths

to feed Believed relief coming from Basra

Monday, December 5, 2022

Violence In Iraq At An All-Time Low  


Violence in Iraq remains at an all-time low. In November there were only 23 security incidents reported. That was the same amount as October. Those were the lowest monthly totals since 2003.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 5 PM Maliki and his State of Law tried to stop case against Trade Min Sudani who stole $400 mil which helped fund party

(Getty Images)

 

1940 US Amb to Iraq sent note to PM Gaylani saying he was worried about direction of Iraq-

UK relations because of Gaylani’s overtures to the Axis

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

Sunday, December 4, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History Dec 4 Siege of Kut began Would become UK’s 2nd largest defeat in WWI

(Daily Sabah)

 

1914 UK forced landed at Muzaira, Basra to seize Qurna Didn’t have troops to take town Retreated

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Saturday, December 3, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 3 Arif govt shut down all media to try to control opposition

(Wikipedia)

 

1915 Retreating UK forces reached Kut after loss at Battle of Ctesiphon/Salman Pak UK suffered

5,187 casualties over last 10 days

Thursday, December 1, 2022

Review The Fires of Spring, A Post-Arab Spring Journey Through the Turbulent New Middle East, Turkey, Iraq, Qatar, Jordan, Egypt, and Tunisia

Culbertson, Shelly, The Fires of Spring, A Post-Arab Spring Journey Through the Turbulent New Middle East, Turkey, Iraq, Qatar, Jordan, Egypt, and Tunisia, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2016


 

The Fires of Spring, A Post-Arab Spring Journey Through the Turbulent New Middle East is a travel journal by author Shelly Culbertson as she went through five countries to see how the Middle East had changed after the Arab Spring protests of 2011-12. She tried to give a brief history of each nation and then interviewed several people to try to find out what direction each country was going in. It’s a good introduction to the politics and societies of the region in the 2010s.

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 1 UK got France to give up Mosul vilayet after WWI for stake in Iraqi oil


 

1915 Retreating British force attacked pursuing Ottomans at Um at Tubul after loss at Battle of

Ctesiphon/Salman Pak

Wednesday, November 30, 2022

Security In Iraq Nov 22-28, 2022  


Iraq witnessed a new low in violence the third week of November. There were only two incidents reported in the press, both by the Islamic State. The previous low was 3 incidents a week which happened twice in 2022.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 30 UK political officer Sir Wilson set up plebiscite that would only support UK rule in Iraq

 

(Wikipedia)

1915 Ottomans attacked retreating UK forces from Ctesiphon/Salman Pak at Um at Tubul

Forced UK to retreat further south UK suffered 37 dead 218 missing 218 wounded 520 taken prisoner along with 2 ships Turks had 748 casualties

Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.6 28 June 2007 27 To April 2008  


Section 9.6 of the Chilcot Inquiry covers the new British government of Prime Minister Gordon Brown who wanted to withdraw from Iraq and the Charge of Knights security operation launched in Basra against the Mahdi Army. The irony was the British made deals with the Sadrists so it could pull out its forces and then the Iraqi government went after Sadr’s militia and the UK was drawn back into the fight.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 29 PM Abdul Mahdi resigned under pressure from Ayatollah Sistani over killing protesters

(BBC)

 

1914 Gen Barrett and Sir Percy Cox asked that UK occupation of Basra be announced as

permanent believing it would sway Arabs to UK side Request turned down

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Monday, November 28, 2022

PM Sudani Plays Politics With Iraq’s Latest Corruption Scandal  

(Radio Free Europe)

On November 27 Prime Minister Mohammed al-Sudani  announced that
$125 million had been recovered from a corrupt businessman who was involved in the theft of $2.5 billion from the Iraqi tax authority. Nour Zuhair Jassim was arrested and had his assets frozen in October. The premier then was just trying to “show progress” in the latest graft scandal when in reality nothing new happened.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 28 Qasim claimed all of Shatt al-Arab waterway in latest dispute with Iran

(Wikipedia)

 

1915 Arabs attacked UK ships on Tigris River forcing one to run aground and captured another

Sunday, November 27, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 27 Iran destroyed much of Iraq’s oil infrastructure in south ending its ability to export from Persian Gulf

(Hush-Kit)

 

1914 London told Gen Barrett wasn’t time to seize Baghdad vilayet but that Qurna, Basra

should be taken

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Saturday, November 26, 2022

Wednesday, November 23, 2022

Review Endgame, Solving The Iraq Crisis

Ritter, Scott, Endgame, Solving The Iraq Crisis, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002


 

Endgame, Solving The Iraq Crisis was Scott Ritter venting his frustration with the United Nations weapons inspections in Iraq in the 1990s. Ritter was one of the chief inspectors and believed that the United States gave up on the process and allowed Iraq to hide its weapons of mass destruction. A few years later however he completely flipped around his perspective questioning the Bush administration’s argument to remove Saddam Hussein in 2003.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 23 Military govt formed under PM Mahmoud to put down 1952 Intifada protests against monarchy and UK

(Wikipedia)

 

1914 Sir Percy Cox issued statement in Arabic that British had occupied Basra and UK was

at war with Ottomans and had no ill will towards locals

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Tuesday, November 22, 2022

Security In Iraq Nov 15-21, 2022  


For the 6th straight week security incidents in Iraq were in single digits. There were 8 incidents from November 15-21 all by the Islamic State. That was up from 6 the second week of the month and 7 the 1st week. For 29 of 43 weeks incidents have been in single digits in 2022.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 22 1952 Intifada started against Regent of Iraq

(Wikipedia)

 

1914 Looting started in Basra city after it fell to British UK appointed governor of vilayet

Monday, November 21, 2022

Iran Strikes Kurdish Opposition Parties in Iraq’s KRG Blaming Them For Protests  

(Wladimir Van Wilgenburg)


On November 20
Tehran launched its third strike on Iranian opposition groups inside Iraq’s Kurdistan. The Iranian Revolutionary Guard hit a refugee camp and a headquarters of the Iranian Kurdistan Democratic Party and Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan with drones and missiles. Previously on November 14 and September 28 those parties were attacked.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 21 King Faisal asked for full Iraqi independence from UK

(Wikimedia Commons)

 

1914 UK troops entered Basra after Ottomans abandoned city

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Sunday, November 20, 2022

Saturday, November 19, 2022

Friday, November 18, 2022

Review Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House

Baker, Peter, Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House, New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Auckland: Doubleday, 2013


 

Peter Baker wrote Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House to refute the idea that Vice President Dick Cheney was the driving force behind President George Bush. Baker argues that the two largely agreed about issues during the first administration but then drifted apart in the second. The Iraq War was an example of their relationship since both individuals wanted to overthrow Saddam Hussein. The author also pointed out how badly the war was handled by the White House.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 18 Ottoman Sultan Soleiman conquered Baghdad from Safavids

(Lemage/Corbis)

 

1534 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I conquered Baghdad from Safavids

Thursday, November 17, 2022

Security In Iraq Nov 8-14, 2022


Violence in Iraq remains at a very low level as it has been throughout 2022. There were only 7 incidents from November 8-14 and all were by the Islamic State. This was the seventh week in a row and the 28th of 41 weeks this year when incidents were in single digits.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 17 In Iran Ayatollah Hakim announced creation of Supreme Assembly for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq

(Wikipedia)


 

1914 British attacked Sahil, Basra backed by 4 gunships and won Ottomans lost 1,500-2,000

casualties British 489

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Wednesday, November 16, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 16 UK political officer Wilson claimed Iraqis wanted British rule

(Wikipedia)

 

1914 British forces attacked Ottomans in Fort Zain, Basra

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Tuesday, November 15, 2022

Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.5 June 2006 To 27 June 2007


By the summer of 2006 the British were much more realistic about their assessments of the situation in Iraq than their American counterparts. While the Bush administration was full of hope for the new government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki the UK said he was weak. There was report after report to London that violence was out of control. What was similar between the Bush and Blair governments however was that they both were focused upon withdrawing from Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 15 Gertrude Bell went from wanting Iraq to be colonized to creating Arab govt to rule it

(Middle East Institute)

 

1914 Ottomans attacked British at Saihan, Basra Forced to retreat British lost 62 casualties Turks

126

Monday, November 14, 2022

Security In Iraq Nov 1-7, 2022


The Islamic State is barely operating in Iraq. For another week incidents were in the single digits.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 14 British army ordered to seize Basra vilayet WWI


 

1914 Sheikh of Islam called for jihad against British and French during WWI Call was repeated in

all Sunni mosques in Mosul, Baghdad and Basra vilayets

Sunday, November 13, 2022

Saturday, November 12, 2022

Friday, November 11, 2022

Review Worthy Fights

Panetta, Leon with Newton, Jim, Worthy Fights, New York: Penguin Press, 2014


 

Worthy Fights is an autobiography of Leon Panetta written by the Los Angeles Times’ Jim Newton. Panetta went from a Congressman specializing in the budget to heading budget matters with the Clinton administration to President Clinton’s chief of staff to the CIA director and Defense Secretary under President Obama.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 11 League of Nations announced the British mandate in Iraq


 

1914 Ottomans declared war on England and France

Thursday, November 10, 2022

REVISED Pro-Iran Group Kills American English Teacher In Iraq

(Al Mada)

NOTE: Early reporting that Ashab al-Kahf was involved in this murder now appears to be wrong.

On Monday November 7, an American English teacher Stephen Troell was killed in Baghdad. Gunmen in a car with no license plates drove up next to him and shot him. The vehicle went through several checkpoints without any incident pointing to some group connected with the government being involved. There are reports that the attackers originally wanted to kidnap him, but something obviously went wrong.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 10 Irbil Agreement led to PM Maliki’s 2nd term Allawi to head new strategic council Deal never implemented

(Getty Images)

 

1958 Iraqi Communist Party issued plan for Kurdistan saying it supported Kurdish self-govt within

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

Wednesday, November 9, 2022

PM Sudani and the Coordination Framework Attempt To Fill Positions In New Iraqi Gov

(Reuters)

As the largest list the Coordination Framework is attempting to parcel out the positions within the new government of Prime Minister Mohammed Sudani. Some of these have been questionable appointments, while other times Sudani is attempting to exert some independence.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 9 Jamil Midfai became PM 1st of 5 times would hold office

(Wikipedia)

 

1914 With English attack on Basra coming locals went to Shiite clergy asking for help to defend

city

Tuesday, November 8, 2022

Iraq Sees Slight Increase In Oil Revenues After 3 Month Decline


After three months Iraq’s oil revenues finally went up in October. That was due to a slight increase in exports while prices actually remained stable.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 8 British forces took Karbala one of centers of 1920 Revolt

(ShiaWaves)

 

1914 British troops after landing at Faw Peninsula Basra captured Ottoman Faw Fort

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Monday, November 7, 2022

Violence Hits New Low In Iraq


Violence has been dropping in Iraq since the Islamic State’s annual summer offensive ended. October saw the lowest monthly incident total since 2003.

History - Nov 7 2nd 2nd Battle of Fallujah began

(VFW)

 

1914 British troops started march from the port of Faw to the city of Basra

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Iraq’s Ruling Parties Drop Idea Of Early Elections  

(AFP) When Iraq’s ruling parties were negotiating a new government in the summer and fall of 2022 they were discussing early elections. This...