Tuesday, December 27, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 27 Regent Ilah announced sweeping political and social reforms PM Pachachi opposed

(Wikipedia)

 

865 Ibn Tahir deposed Abbasid Caliph Mutasin Ordered people of Baghdad to pledge allegiance to

Mutazz as new caliph City rejected Mutazz Forced Ibn Tahir to back down Caliph Mutasin appeared saying he was still caliph

1918 Gertrude Bell wrote father that Mesopotamia wanted UK rule because it knew its customs

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1945 Regent of Iraq gave speech promising political reform improved social security fighting

employment redistribution of wealth new Anglo-Iraq Treaty PM Pachachi opposed to any reforms

(Musings On Iraq review ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958)

1958 Col Arif put on public trial for plotting coup against Qasim

1962 Secondary student beaten in Baghdad for passing out Communist leaflets Called his father

whose bodyguards beat up offending students Led to protests and student strike with 1 pan-Arab student killed Were more marches and clashes with police that killed 3 more students Protests taken over by Baath and spread to Mosul Ramadi Fallujah

1986 Iraq counterattack recaptured Um al-Rassas island in Basra Ended Iran Op Karbala 4

            Iran lost 800 dead 200 prisoners Iraq lost 800 dead 2000 wounded

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 100 congressmen asked Bush to give Iraq sanctions chance to work

1993 State Dept accused Iraq of indiscriminate shelling/bombing burning villages and executions

            in southern marshes

2003 Zarqawi attacks on govt buildings and foreign troop bases in Karbala killed 19 wounded

            170

2004 Al Jazeera aired bin Laden tape calling Zarqawi the prince of Al Qaeda in Iraq Bin Laden

            said focus of the Islamic world was war against US in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Tracking Al Qaeda in Iraq’s Zarqawi Interview With Ex-CIA Analyst Nada Bakos)

(Musings On Iraq The Rise And Rebirth Of The Islamic State Interview With Author Michael Weiss)

2004 Iraqi Islamic Party withdrew from January 2005 election saying violence made vote

            impossible

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq fired 2 rockets from south Lebanon into Israel Zarqawi said he did it to fulfill

promise to bin Laden to attack Israel

2005 Kurdish Col in army’s 2nd Div in Ninewa said unit would not allow Def Min to add Arab

soldiers to division

2005 Report 10,000 Peshmerga integrated into army Said they were still peshmerga and still took

orders from Kurdish cmdrs Said they were willing to fight Arabs Officer rejected 150 Arab soldiers joining his unit 2nd Div 90% Kurds 3000 soldiers in Irbil Kurds 4th Brigade in Mosul all Kurds Brigade in Sulaymaniya all Kurds Battalion in Kirkuk 60% Kurd

2006 Frederick Kagan and Ret Gen Jack Keane wrote OpEd in Wash Post arguing for troop

            Surge in Iraq that they conceived

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2007 Report Islamists running many US prisons Camp Bucca indoctrinating prisoners into Islamism

ISI members went after Anbar tribal members in prison blaming them for Awakening

2007 Report Basra police chief said militias controlled Basra ports Said police couldn’t

investigate attacks on women for not following Islamic rules because done by militias

2008 3,000 marched in Basra city demanding province be turned into a federal region

(Musings On Iraq Basra Federal Region Update)

2008 Report Baghdad would take over control of Diyala sahwa in Jan 09 1 sahwa leader died in hospital

after arrest Anther shot and killed Sahwa leaders felt persecuted by Baghdad Afraid would be arrested US officer in charge of integration tried to mediate 80% of sahwa in Diyala signed up for govt jobs

2009 Pres Barzani held meeting to create Peshmerga Ministry in attempt to unify KDP and PUK’s forces

Never fully happened

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Divided Kurds, Political Divisions Amongst The Peshmerga Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2009 Dep US Cmdr in Iraq said govt integration of Sahwa would have to wait until after 2010

elections Maliki govt originally agreed to integrate them by end of 2009

(Musings On Iraq Integration Of Sons Of Iraq Delayed Until Mid-2010)

2009 Pres Talabani told US officials he believed Saudis were blocking Iraq’s outreach to Arab world

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2009 Some turned Ashura ceremony into protests against MP Maliki Accused him of corruption

2011 Allawi Speaker Nujafi Finance Min Issawi wrote OpEd in NYTimes Accused PM Maliki of

becoming autocrat Said he tried to take over courts Intimidate opponents Control independent commissions Said he never implemented Irbil agreement to share power after 2010 election Said civil war could break out

2011 Sadr said Asaib Ahl Al-Haq were killers and just wanted positions in govt after Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

said it wanted to join politics

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 Salahaddin council voted to turn province into a federal region Blocked by PM Maliki Was to

            protest Maliki govt

2011 Report PM Maliki acting Defense and Interior Mins Promoted his people within officer corps

Regularly gave orders that bypassed chain of command Low and mid level positions sold Said police and Interior Min run like jobs program more than for security

2012 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq threatened Turkish businesses in Iraq for Ankara interfering in Iraqi affairs Was

angry at Turkish-KRG relations and Pres Erdogan’s complaints about PM Maliki

2012 Protest in Mosul called for Iraqi forces to withdraw from city after arbitrary arrests

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2012 Tribal delegation from Basra joined Ramadi protest

2013 Report PM Maliki distributed 680 plots of land in Baghdad to Dawa members Part of patronage

network and meant to ensure support in 2014 election

2013 Report Finance Min audit of KRG oil exports found $10 bil missing Said was probably from

smuggled oil

2013 PM Maliki said would be last time Friday prayers held at Ramadi protest site Demanded tribes

end protest

2013 Iraqi forces tightened security around Ramadi protest site searching people coming and going

2013 Army vehicle attacked near Ramadi protest site Blamed on ISIS

2013 Pro-Maliki Sheikh Hayes said Ramadi base for Al Qaeda Called on PM Maliki to burn down

Anbar protest camps Hayes met with delegations from Albu Diab Albu Jaber Albu Ali al-Jassim Albu Fahd Albu Shaban Albu Hamza tribes who all pledged support for govt

(Musings On Iraq Violence In Iraq’s Anbar Highlights Divided Tribes There)

2013 Several sheikhs warned govt about closing down Ramadi protest site

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Maliki Goes From Offensive Against Al Qaeda To Crackdown On Anbar Protestors)

2013 Commander Anbar Rapid Reaction Force hit by IED Army base east of Ramadi hit by mortars

Part of new insurgent offensive in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2013 Ansar al Sunna claimed ISI killed 40 of its members in inter-insurgent fighting

(Musings On Iraq Infighting Between Iraq Insurgent Groups)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2013 Report ISIS said it wanted to annex western Anbar to east Syria and create Islamic state ISIS

increased attacks in Anbar Included large ops vs ISF Anbar politician said asked for help for months from PM Maliki and got nothing Said ISIS moving back and forth form Syria to Anbar

2014 Kurdish Imam killed in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Blamed on Hashd Protesters burned cars

afterwards

2014 Report Kataib Hezbollah leader said it tripled in size since fall of Mosul Said Iran never left

Iraq and he met with Ayatollah Khamenei

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2014 Reports Assist to Iranian Pres said Iraq’s security was Iran’s security Sr Iranian cleric said Iran

had 1000 advisers in Iraq along with elite units and carried out air strikes vs IS in Iraq Iran sent more than $1 bil in military aid Quds Force in Iraq Posting pictures of Gen Suleimani at fronts in Iraq

2014 Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force general killed in Salahaddin fighting IS was 5th Iranian Rev Guard

member killed in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Fifth Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps-Quds Force member Dies In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2015 IS head Baghdadi released message US afraid to fight IS and Islam destined to rule world until

judgment day

2016 Report Hashd set up 5 secret prisons in Salahaddin Accused of abducting people at

checkpoints Some detainees ransomed off by Hashd

2016 Report PKK KRG Turkey argued over Sinjar Ninewa Turkey said it would force PKK out of

district if KRG didn’t Said wouldn’t allow PKK to set up another base like in Syria KRG PM Barzani accused PKK of blocking reconstruction and told it to leave Threatened force PKK said PM Barzani just repeating Turkey Said KRG allowed Turkish forces in Kurdistan

2017 Report Baghdad paid salaries of some KRG employees Part of reconciliation after KRG

independence referendum

2017 Report PM Abadi spokesman said govt serious about talks with KRG after independence referendum Demanded KRG turn over control of border crossings Annul referendum KRG officials couldn’t leave Iraq without Baghdad’s approval All revenues had to be turned over to Baghdad

2017 Human Rights Watch Yazidi fighters accused of detaining and killing 52 civilians in 3 incidents in Ninewa

2017 Report IS back in Hawija Kirkuk Had tunnels Few ISF to protect district

2017 Report Arab tribe told Kurds they had 72 hrs to leave town in south Kirkuk Said to have backing of ISF

2018 Report Kataib Hezbollah accused of drug smuggling through Anbar border crossing

2018 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said parliament needed to vote to expel US troops from

            Iraq or Hashd would force them out

2019 Report Iran sent missiles to Hashd Kataib Hezbollah stored Iranian missiles in Babil and Baghdad

2019 Activist assassinated in Basra

2019 Kataib Hezbollah blamed for rocket attack on K1 Military Base Kirkuk that killed 2 Iraqi police 1

US contractor and wounded 2 Iraqi soldiers and 4 US soldiers US retaliated by killing Hashd leader Abu Muhandis and Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 PM Kazemi sent delegation to Iran to ask for help with Hashd factions firing rockets at Green

Zone and Iraqi bases

2021 Supreme Court threw out Coordination Framework’s claims of election fraud and ratified

the results Framework accepted decision Sadr called for majority govt again

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Court Rejects Election Fraud Claims, Certifies Results So Govt Formation Process Can Seriously Start)

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