Saturday, December 10, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 10 PUK made deal with Saddam not to fight for Iran in Iran-Iraq War 3000 peshmerga quit in protest



1936 Elections started for new parliament after 1936 coup Gen Sidqi wanted to control MPs and

exclude reformist Ahali who were part of govt Sidqi followers won 30 seats Ahali only 12

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1949 Regent accepted PM Said’s resignation Said he accomplished what he set out to do to curb

Communists and opposition Ayubi Jawadat asked to become PM for 2nd of 3 times New govt included Justice Min from National Democratic Party

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review A History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1958 3 accused of taking part in fmr PM Gaylani coup hanged 15 police and army officers also shot

1980 Iran launched counteroffensive at Darkhovin to break siege of Abadan in south Failed but put

Iraq on defensive in first year of war

1981 Report that Soviet Union resumed arms deliveries to Iraq after ban when Iran-Iraq War started

1983 PUK made deal with Iraqi govt not to attack Iraqi forces and fight Iran in return for being left

alone 3,000 PUK Peshmerga quit and joined KDP out of protest

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1996 Oil for Food program began in Iraq Helped save Iraqi economy from shortages and inflation

Program allowed Iraq to sell $2 bil in oil every six months Half the money went to the UN Kuwait Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1999 UN Res 1281 extended Oil for Food Program for Iraq

2001 Ansar al-Islam formed from 3 Kurdish Islamist groups

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)

2001 Badr leadership Amiri Laquaa Basri met Talked about possible US invasion of Iraq and how to

prepare for it Iran told Badr to come up with action plan for post-Saddam Iraq Ordered to do recon within Iraq Carry out ops vs Iraqi military in south Prepare 2 battalions to send into Amarah and Nasiriya after a US invasion Battalions would be under Iranian intelligence control

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2002 USAID said Iraq would be small intervention but security needed to be first priority

2002 NSC committee presented humanitarian plan for postwar Iraq based upon secure environment

and small US role

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 2 The Agencies Engage)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2002 IAEA went to Al Qaim facility US claimed was an active Iraqi nuclear plant Found it

destroyed Went to Al Furat and found no nuclear equipment there

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 CPA presented list of 1,706 priority projects US and Iraq didn’t have money for all of them

2003 US asked France Germany Russia to forgive some of the debt Iraq owed them

2003 Russia refused US request to forgive its Iraq debt after US banned it from bidding on

reconstruction projects

2005 Report Badr formed as military wing of SCIRI in 1983 Fought on Iranian side in Iran-Iraq

War After 91 uprising Iran decided Badr couldn’t overthrow Saddam Turned it into covert military and intel group Conducted covert ops in Iraq After invasion Badr moved into Diyala and Wasit Badr cmdr declared himself mayor of Kut which became main Badr base in Iraq Badr collected intel on Baathists insurgents Sunni clerics Assoc of Muslim Scholars Sunni parties Iraqi intel services US Became Badr Org Said it wasn’t militia anymore but was 04 started moving men into ISF which was opposed by Allawi govt Allawi’s Def Min lobbied US to disarm Badr Didn’t because saw Badr as ally against insurgency Under PM Jaafari Badr took over Interior Min Ran commando brigades

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 Report members of governing coalition talked about replacing PM Maliki due to rising violence

Talks held to form new majority in parliament

2006 Sunni families continued to flee Baghdad’s Hurriya after Mahdi Army attack Dec 9 Mahdi

Army rep admitted that militia attacked Sunnis in neighborhood in retaliation for attacks upon Shiites

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2006 Ret Gen Keane and Fred Kagan met at American Enterprise Institute to outline surge idea to

be presented to Bush

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2007 Def Sec Gates told NSC Pres Talabani called PM Maliki intolerable and said US should help

remove him Bush decided to stick with Maliki

2007 Fmr Dep Def Sec Feith speech said original US plan was to quickly turn over power to Iraqis

after invasion Said Bremer’s long term political plan angered Iraqis and started insurgency Said deBaathifiaction was good idea but had problems with implementation

2007 Babil police chief assassinated Tried to stand up to militias and political pressure

2008 Presidency Council of Pres Talabani VP Abdul Mahdi and VP Hashemi met in Sulaymaniya

with Pres Barzani Talked about no confidence vote against MP Maliki Nothing happened

2008 Report 14 Tribal Support Councils formed in central Diyala to fight Al Qaeda Move by PM

Maliki to undermine province’s Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2013 Pro-PM Maliki Sheikh Hayes had his house hit by mortar fire in Jazeera in spate of violence

against Anbar notables

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2014 Report ISF was on decline since 09 2013 Faced mass absenteeism Politicization of

leadership Sent units from south to Anbar and Nineaw because units there weak Was breakdown in security in Kirkuk and Salahaddin after Hawija massacre of protesters Militias began taking over security in Baghdad and Samarra Used fighters back from Syria Before Mosul fell most ISF units were at half strength After Mosul ISF lost 19 army brigades 6 Federal Police brigades 25% of force

2014 PM Abadi said there were over 50,000 ghost soldiers Army had weak logistics Could buy

positions Officers sold gas and spare parts Took bribes at checkpoints Sold electricity Took salaries of soldiers

2014 KRG report Said 727 Peshmerga killed 3564 wounded since Mosul fell in Jun

2016 Turkey’s PM called PM Abadi Said Turkish troops would withdraw from Ninewa after

Mosul freed 

2017 PM Abadi held victory parade in Baghdad for defeating IS

2019 Army Chief of Staff Gen Ghanmi said he would protect protesters ISF fired live

bullets at protesters and activist assassinated in Baghdad

2020 KRG banned protests to try to stop demonstrations in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq’s Kurdistan Over Economic Conditions And Mismanagement)

2021 Report Dec motorcycle bomb in Basra PM Kazemi said it was assassination attempt on ISF

officer Sadr said it was Hashd Mar and Jun intel officers assassinated in Baghdad Likely by Hashd

View The Iraq History Timelines 

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