Friday, January 31, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 31


1941 PM Gaylani stepped down fearing civil war due to his reaching out to Axis that had
split govt and angered British 
1941 UK Foreign Office decided to give money to Regent to help him return to power
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1983 Iran officially rejected ceasefire talks by Iraq Khomeini was open to talks but Rafsanjani and
Khamenei rejected offer
1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 made last attack upon Iraqi defensive lines in Basra and stopped
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 US and Saudis pushed Iraqi forces out of Saudi city of Khafji after 2 days of fighting
1993 Iraqi forces attacked Irbil
1999 Soviet paper claimed hundreds of Afghan Arabs were being trained in terrorism in south Iraq to
fight US
2003 PM Blair’s advisers told him had to prioritize pushing Bush on postwar planning for Iraq but Blair
failed to do so
2003 Bush and PM Blair said that invasion would start Mar 10 2003
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
2003 PM Blair told Bush he needed a 2nd UN resolution for use of force against Iraq for domestic politics
Bush agreed
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Bush and PM Blair said a 2nd UN resolution would be good against Iraq but not necessary to go to
war
2003 Bush said fighting between Iraqi factions would be unlikely after invasion
2003 Bush and PM Blair talked about provoking Iraq to help justify war including getting US spy plane
fired upon
2004 Gen Taguba started investigation of abuses at Abu Ghraib prison
2004 Car Bomb at Mosul police station killed 9 wounded 45
2005 Assyrians in Ninewa’s Bashiqa and Bartella told couldn’t vote after promised they could when
ballots ran out on Jan 30
2005 Assyrians demonstrated in Ninewa Plains over not being allowed to vote Broken up by Kurdish
security forces
2006 US Emb-military report situation in 6 of Iraq’s 18 provinces serious 1 critical Said militias
infiltrating security forces in Basra Lots of gangs smuggling assassinations
2007 PM Maliki told CNN Iraq only needed a few more US troops not Surge Bush called for
2007 Bush in interview said he’d authorized US forces in Iraq to treat Iranian agents as combatants
2007 Fmr Rep Hamilton and Fmr Attn Gen Meese testified to Congress that US hired contractors to
train Iraqi police that weren’t competent and didn’t have personnel for job Said Justice Dept should have led effort and police should have taken over training not military
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
2007 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon report said some Iraqi ministries spent as little as 15% of their
budgets because couldn’t find companies to work in dangerous areas lack of skilled contracting officers ant-corruption rules hindered spending Said electricity production in 4th qtr of 2006 was below pre-war levels State Dept so embarrassed eliminated pre-war power production from a report to try to hide dip in output Said US lost $300 bil due to waste and corruption State Dept contracted DynCorp to build police camp in Baghdad Not used Spent $4.2 mil for VIP trailers and Olympic sized pool ordered by Interior Min and not authorized by US Spent another $36.4 mil on armored vehicles body armor communications that never showed up
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)
2008 Report US military blamed Bassima al-Jadiri on National Reconciliation Comm for blocking
integration of Sunnis into ISF Accused her of being sectarian US general in charge of police training said Jadiri should be removed Iraqi general submitted list of army recruits Jadiri rejected all the Sunnis US general sent list of 3,000 Sahwa to be integrated into police Jadiri only accepted Shiites
2009 Provincial elections held Saw heavy Sunni turnout
(Musings On Iraq article on 2009 provincial elections)
(Musings On Iraq article on details on Iraq’s voting system)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Review Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bush’s War on Iraq


Rampton, Sheldon Stauber, John, Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bush’s War on Iraq, New York: Jeremy Tarcher/Penguin, 2003

Weapons of Mass Deception by Sheldon Rampton and John Stauber is a disjointed book. It purports to be about the use of propaganda by the Bush administration during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. However their writing style is akin to a stream of consciousness meaning they go from topic to topic, some of which has more to do with 9/11, the war on terror, and a critique of American politics than Iraq. At its best the book has some interesting sections on how the invasion was covered, but the constant weaving on and off topic distracts from the authors’ argument.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 30


1927 1st student protest in Iraq held over firing of teachers Organized by Communists
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1928 Sheikh Dhari who led revolt against British in Upper Euphrates/Anbar sentenced to death Was
commuted to life in prison
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1941 Regent of Iraq fled Baghdad for Diwaniya fearing retaliation by PM Gaylani
1941 British were hoping to use Regent fleeing to spread unrest in Iraq to remove PM Gaylani from
power
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1984 State Dept memo said that US considered discouraging military exports to Iraq
1985 Iraq attacked Said Saad
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam ordered Op Samarra hit and run air attacks on Coalition air force
1991 400 US Special Forces were sent into western Iraq to try to find SCUD missiles
2001 1st NSC meeting of Bush admin talked about how Iraq destabilizing Middle East CIA Dir Tenet
provided intel Iraq working on WMD at factory Treasury Sec O’Neil asked about WMD intel Tenet admitted no confirmation that Iraq producing WMD Sec State Powell argued for smart sanctions
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)
2001 Sec of Def Rumsfeld wrote memo noting Iraq and others trying to buy advanced military
technology
2002 Natl Sec Adv Rice said Axis of Evil countries had to be dealt with diplomatically but at same time
said they couldn’t be negotiated with
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
2002 CIA unclassified report to Congress Said Iraq trying to rebuild its nuclear program
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 Bush told Italian Premier Berlusconi that Iraq would be disarmed and Saddam removed
2003 UN Amb Negroponte told Senate aluminum tubes Iraq bought were not right for rockets in
response to IAEA findings Same hearing Dep Sec of State Armitage said there were differences in US about the tubes
2003 White House spokesman said Bush stood by claim that aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were
for nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 UK Att Gen Goldsmith wrote PM Blair telling him UN Res 1441 didn’t authorize use of force
against Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Aid group warned that breakdown of law and order likely right after Iraq invasion unless US
immediately established control
2003 Sec State Powell’s chief of staff Wilkerson began going through intel on Iraq with CIA for Powell’s           Feb 03 UN speech
2004 CIA and Congressional inquiries no evidence White House pressured US intel on Iraq’s WMD
and ties with Al Qaeda
2004 Congressional committee found CIA relied too much on circumstantial outdated and satellite
and intercept intel on Iraq WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 Elections held for parliament to draft new Iraqi constitution Sunnis boycotted vote Also voted
for provincial councils
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2005 KRG parliamentary elections held KDP and PUK ran unified list Won 104 of 111 seats
2005 Informal Kurdish independence referendum held in KRG Kirkuk Mosul Khanaqin 98% voted for
            independence
2007 Bush said that if Iran escalated actions in Iraq against US forces US would respond
2007 Gen Odierno said Iran supplying RGP-29s Katyusha rockes EFPs to Iraqi militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2007 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon report US struggling to increase capacity of Iraqi ministries US
turned over projects and Iraqis couldn’t maintain them One problem 3 Iraqi govts in short period of time New govt purged previous bureaucrats from ministries Parties hired people based upon nepotism and patronage rather than competence US didn’t have single group in charge of capacity building Meant no unified effort
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)
2012 PM Maliki warned Salahaddin governor that he would be removed if he pushed provincial
autonomy
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2014 8 gunmen stormed Human Rights Min office in Baghdad and took hostages Were killed

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Continued Reports Of Dysfunctional Iraqi Justice System


In the United Nations’ Human Rights Commission’s latest report it found that Iraq’s judicial system is not working. It observed almost 800 cases across nine provinces, most of which had to do with terrorism charges, and found a lack of due process. There was a shortage of competent lawyers, torture and abuse were commonly used to obtain confessions, there was a broad application of the anti-terror laws, and liberal handing out of death sentences. These are the same problems that human rights groups have been noting about Iraq for years.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 29


1917 British captured Ottoman fort at Khadairi Bend in campaign to recapture Kut
1948 PM Jabr forced to resign over protests over Anglo-Iraq treaty organized by Communists
Regent also against Jabr
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1948 Sayid Mohammed al-Sadr replaced Jabr as PM
1953 Jamil al-Midfai became PM for 5th time
1982 King Hussein said Jordanian troops would be sent to Iraq to help in Iran-Iraq War
1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 crossed Jassim Canal in Basra with 3 days of human wave attacks
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Iraq launched probing attack upon Saudi city of Khafji occupying it
2002 Bush State of Union called Iraq part of Axis of Evil Said it still had WMD programs Iran and
North Korea added to Axis of Evil speech because Bush admin didn’t want to be seen as focusing upon Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
2003 UN Amb Negroponte said Iraq bought aluminum tubes for nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq had a nuke weapons program and tried to buy uranium from Africa
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 Sec State Powell Chief of Staff Wilkerson went over info to be used in Powell speech to UN at CIA
HQ
2003 State’s Wilkerson rejected using Cheney Chief of Staff’s briefing as basis for Sec Sate Powell’s UN
speech CIA Dir Tenet said NIE on Iraq should be used instead
2003 Aid groups warned that if Pentagon ran postwar Iraq many international donors would be
reluctant to give relief
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco by David Phillips)
2004 NatlSecAdv Rice said what US predicted about Iraq WMD before war not what found
afterward Rice said Saddam deceived US and world about his WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)
2004 State Dept said failure to find out about Iraq’s WMD was not US failure but international
one
2004 Ex-Iraq Survey Group head Kay told Bush Saddam wanted Iraqis to believe country had
WMD when it didn't Kay said he thought Saddam destroyed his WMD stocks because too easy to find Bush asked Kay why Saddam didn’t admit he had  no WMD Kay said Saddam wanted fear to stop revolts by Shiites and Kurds
2005 RAND Corp Iraq became center for jihadist cause and cause of terrorism in rest of world
2005 Human Rights Watch US Abu Ghraib prison scandal became recruitment tool for terrorists
2006 Al Qaeda sent 2nd letter to Ansar al-Sunnah saying it sent representative to Iraq to work out
issues with Al Qaeda in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2006 Sharia Committee for the Army of the Followers of the Sunnah and the Collective joined
Mujahedeen Shura Council Emir of group was Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s group
2006 Report after US made deal with sheikhs in Ramadi against Al Qaeda in Iraq in mid-Jan 3
sheikhs assassinated leading tribes to retaliate against AQI
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
2006 Report 3 Islamist insurgent groups once aligned with Al Qaeda in Iraq in Ramadi broke with it
2006 National Security Adviser Rubaie said Al Qaeda in Iraq feuding with Islamic Army and
Mujahedeen Army
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
2007 Report US officials skeptical whether PM Maliki would back Surge and go after Sadr US didn't tell
Maliki about raids on Sadrists because he would try to stop them Maliki got US to release arrested Sadrists US intelligence tapped Maliki’s conversation and confirmed he was telling his advisers he would back Surge
2008 PM Maliki refused to have officials close to him be investigated for corruption
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with anti-graft US official Vincent Foulk)
2008 Suspicious fires at Central Bank of Iraq and Labor Ministry Some MPs claimed this was to destroy
documents implicating officials in corruption
2008 Iraqi Red Crescent reported 46,000 refugees returned to Iraq Driving up housing prices in Baghdad
Many couldn’t return to their homes because demographics changed during civil war and militia control
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2010 PM Blair testified to Chilcot Inquiry that Saddam was a threat to the world that had to be dealt
with That if Iraq wasn’t invaded in 2003 world would have to deal with Saddam later and could have been more difficult Said 9/11 changed perceptions of Iraq in both US and England
(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)
2018 Parliament voted to end sanctions on banks doing business in Kurdistan and sent $210 mil in
salaries for KRG’s Health and Education Ministry workers
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad-Irbil reconciliation moves)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, January 28, 2020

New Govt Crackdown On Iraq Protests

Burned protest tents in Nasiriya (Al Mirbad)


Following Moqtada al-Sadr’s withdrawal of support for the anti-government protest movement there has been a concerted effort by the security forces and Hashd to break up some of the major sit-in sites. This has led to several deadly days of confrontations and showed the resilience of the protesters.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 28


1920 Turkish National Pact said Turkey gave up rights to all Ottoman provinces with Arab
majorities including Basra and Baghdad Did not include Mosul province which Turkey claimed had Turkish majority Kurds called Turks
1920 British also claimed Mosul province which it occupied after armistice with Ottomans in 1918
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1941 Regent appointed 2 new ministers to try to unseat PM Gaylani leading Gaylani to plot
against Regent
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1954 PM Jamali ended martial law imposed Nov 1952
1979 Saddam visited Syria for Higher Political Committee meeting to unify 2 countries Agreed to
meet in Baghdad to discuss constitutional changes to allow merger
1985 Iran attacked Qasr e-Shirin central Iran across from Diyala attempting to take mountains
outside Sumer
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1985 Iraq attacked taking back most of South Majnoon Island from Iranians
1987 Iraq air strike on Larak Island for 2nd time Was new Iranian loading port for tankers farther
south Thought to be out of range of Iraqi jets
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1987 Iraqi counterattack pushed Iranians out of beachhead west of Fish Lake defensive line in
Basra during Iran Op Karbala 5
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam told CNN Iraq would be admired for its fighting spirit Iraq could use WMD but
hoped it wouldn’t go that far Said Iraq would win war
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
1998 UK discussed using force against Iraq to ensure continued UN weapons inspections
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
1999 Clinton’s Natl Sec Adv Berger OpEd in Wash Post said sanctions and Oil for Food program
positives because made Iraq spend money on its people
(Musings On Iraq book review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
2003 Bush’s State of Union said Iraq wasn’t disarming and hiding its programs from UN inspections Bush
said Iraq had 25,000 liters of anthrax enough to make 38,000 liters of botulinum toxin Making sarin and VX gas Had mobile WMD labs Bush asked what 9/11 hijackers could’ve done if given WMD by Iraq Said British learned Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa Said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for its nuke program Said Saddam was harboring Al Qaeda members
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 UK For Sec Straw told For Office legal adv Wood that he didn’t think 2nd UN resolution was
necessary for action vs Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 ORHA head Garner met with NSC’s Zalimay who said goal of postwar Iraq should be getting
Iraqis to govern as soon as possible
(Musings On Iraq article on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)
2003 VP Cheney chief of staff Libby gave copy of his briefing on Iraq WMD and ties to Al Qaeda to
Sec State Powell to be used as basis for his UN speech
2004 Ex-IraqSurveyGroup’s Kay told Congress everyone wrong about Iraq having stocks of WMD
but did have programs Kay told Congress an investigation was needed on intel failure over Iraq’s WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 White House said that Iraq Survey Group needed more time to make conclusions about
whether Iraq had WMD or not
2004 Hutton Inquiry said Sep 02 dossier on Iraq’s WMD had not been influenced by political
pressure from Blair govt
2004 UN Sec Gen Annan said UN delegation would go to Iraq to look into elections
2004 CPA Order 55 created Integrity Commission to investigate corruption
(Musings On Iraq article on creation and problems with Integrity Commission)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 
(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)
2006 Aglus Sunnah wal Jammah joined Mujahadeen Shura Council
2007 Soldiers of Heaven started revolt in Najaf leaving 263 killed 210 wounded US air and ground
forces had to be called in to help Iraqi forces defeat group
2007 Baquba mayor fired for charges of working with insurgents 1500 police fired by new provincial
police chief for deserting posts in Nov 2006
2007 Iran’s Amb to Iraq offered counter to Surge Said Iran would open banks fund major
reconstruction projects provide electricity and fuel train equip advise Iraqi forces
2007 Sec State Rice sent letter to Senate Armed Service Comm saying White House told Maliki
govt US backing was not open ended and expected Baghdad to pass certain laws Sametime said Maliki govt had not passed provincial election, oil or deBaathification law
2008 Electricity Min said no improvement in power supply in 2007 Said would have to wait until 2011 for
progress
2008 12 political parties signed agreement to resolve Kirkuk after Article 140 not implemented in 2007
Was never done
2009 Early voting in provincial elections
(Musings On Iraq article on 2009 provincial elections)
(Musings On Iraq article on details on Iraq’s voting system)
2011 Protest in Mosul demanded govt release of prisoners
2016 PM Abadi met with Pres Masum Speaker Jabouri to talk about technocratic govt and reforms
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2018 Report General Dynamics pulled out most of its maintenance crews for Iraqi army’s Abrams
tanks because some were in Hashd hands
(Musings On Iraq article on Abrams tanks with Hashd)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, January 27, 2020

Iraq Continues To Rank In Bottom Of International Corruption Index

(Small Business CEO)

Transparency International released its annual “Corruption Perceptions Index” and Iraq continued to be towards the bottom of the countries ranked. Iraq had a score of 20 out of 100 with 0 being the worst and 100 being the best. That put it tied for 17th most corrupt country out of 180 that were ranked. In the Middle East only Libya with a score of 18, Yemen with 15 and Syria with 13 did worse. That was little better than the previous year when Iraq ranked 18th. In the decade following the U.S. invasion Iraq was regularly in the bottom five. It’s not apparent that Iraq has made any improvements so other countries might have simply gotten worse since then. Transparency International noted that corruption was endemic throughout the region where there is little accountability, and there are few if any checks upon the rulers.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 27


1925 League of Nations Commission on Mosul arrived in province to protests Was to
determine who would get Mosul Iraq or Turkey Commission interviewed hundreds of locals and mapped economy land trade routes ethnicities
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1948 Communists called for more protests against Anglo-Iraq Treaty to topple govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1948 Mass demonstration against Anglo-Iraq treaty led to clashes with police in Baghdad 77 killed
Hundreds wounded
1969 14 hung in Baghdad after show trial over alleged Israeli spy ring uncovered by Saddam 9 were Jews
Bakr govt declared execution day a national holiday and bused in people from around the country to watch After executions Bakr and other Baath leaders gave speeches to crowd against Zionist threat
1981 In response to demands from Iraq that it had lost air superiority to Iran at start of Iran-Iraq War
France started shipping first Mirage fighters secretly using plane painted in Jordanian colors
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1983 Saddam rejected offer by Iran to discuss 7 disputed areas but said was ready to talk about
ceasefire in war
1985 Iraq launched 1st large offensive in 2 yrs to try to take back Majnoon Islands Deployed 2
corps Iraq gained bridgehead on island but Iranian reinforcements defeated operation
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1998 Head UN inspector Butler quoted in NYTimes saying Iraq had enough biological weapons
and missiles to “blow away” Tel Aviv
1998 UN chief Annan demanded head UN inspector Butler apologize for NYTimes interview
which he did
2002 Gen Franks briefed Sec Def Rumsfeld on latest war plan Said Iraqi military degraded by sanctions
Wanted info campaign vs Iraq to start Franks claimed the more the US got involved against Saddam the less Iraqi people would support regime Franks had cut war plan to 150 days down from 7 months and 245,000 troops Franks wanted to cut timeline for war down to even less time
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Head UN inspector Blix told Security Council that Iraq cooperating with inspections but had
not accepted disarmament Blix asked what undeclared WMD items did Iraq have Asked did it illegally produce anything after 98 Blix said Iraq’s Dec WMD declaration had provided no new info and not answered questions Said were questions about Iraq’s production of anthrax VX gas and WMD bombs from Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 IAEA head El Baradei told Security Council IAEA had found no evidence of an active nuclear
program in Iraq Said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not nukes
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 Sec State Powell said Iraq was hiding its WMD
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2003 US intelligence said Blix would back off next declaration to UN on inspections because didn't
want to start war
2003 Some in White House believed Blix lying about inspections and could not be trusted
2003 Bush believed US stuck in inspection process and pushed him towards war
2003 CIA report said Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger in 1999 Said was uranium in warehouse
in Benin but was going to France not Iraq
2003 CIA Dir Tenet given copy of Bush’s State of the Union address that included claim that Iraq
tried to buy uranium from Niger Tenet didn’t read speech
(Musings On Iraq article on Ira-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2003 CIA Berlin chief said that Iraqi defector CURVEBALL was considered a problem by Germans
and they hadn’t confirmed any of his stories of mobile WMD labs
(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)
(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)
(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)
2003 ORHA began contracting for supplies and personnel for post-war Iraq 2 months before invasion
(Musings On Iraq article on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 William Safire in NYTimes said Zarqawi went to Baghdad Then to Kurdistan to Ansar al-
Islam proving Iraq-Al Qaeda link
(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)
2004 Ex-IraqSurveyGroup head Kay Iraq told UN in 1995 it had destroyed WMD and nuke
program but no one believed them
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2006 Report shifting US reconstruction money to security meant 60% of water and 125 electricity
projects would not be finished
2007 Report more than 800 had volunteered for Anbar police due to Awakening in Dec 2006 Fmr
Anbar Gov Gaood MP Salah al-Mutlaq both said they opposed Awakening
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2008 Of roughly 100,000 Sahwa 9,000 were signed and screened to join the ISF Was far below what govt
promised
2012 Bombing of Shiite funeral left over 90 casualties

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Sunday, January 26, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 26


1948 PM Said said that Anglo-Iraq Treaty was still on the table after Regent cancelled it
Led to new protests
1948 PM Said ordered suppression of protests against Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1982 Iran and Iraq agreed to family visits for prisoners of war
1987 Islamic Conference Organization invited Iran and Iraq to summit in Kuwait Iran said no
1987 UN Sec Gen de Cuella addressed Islamic Conf Org saying aggressor in Iran-Iraq War needed
to be determined
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1997 Iraqi National Accord operative gave interview saying CIA behind bombing campaign in Iraq
from 1994-95
1998 Project for New American Century sent letter to Clinton demanding US overthrow Saddam
11 of 18 signatories would join Bush admin
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)
2003 Sec State Powell speech asked why Iraq tried to buy uranium Reference to Iraq-Niger uranium deal
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 PM Blair said Iraq non-cooperation with UN inspectors was material breach of UN Resolution
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2004 Japanese troops deployed to Iraq as part of Coalition of Willing
2004 Report CPA officials were questioning influence of Ayatollah Sistani and whether all major
CPA decisions would have to get his approval
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2004 Report Pentagon signed new $96 mil contract with Harris Co to set up Iraqi news outlet to
broadcast US messaging to Iraqis Previous company contracted by Pentagon for Iraqi news outlet couldn’t find equipment Didn’t pay Iraqi workers Made poorly produced news
2005 Insurgent umbrella group announced campaign to disrupt that year’s elections
2005 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey said US and Iraqi forces killing more insurgents and taking fight
to Sunni areas Said Iraqi forces could not secure country but could secure voting stations during elections
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Al Qaeda sent letter to Ansar al-Sunnah suggested it merge with Al Qaeda in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2007 US arrested Sheikh Daraji Sadr’s media director in Baghdad
2007 Report Bush authorized killing and capturing Iranians in Iraq Fall 06 US arrested dozens of Iranians
but released them White House believed hitting Iran hard in Iraq would make it step back from its nuke program Summer 06 US decided to confront Iran more directly in Iraq Said Iran had to pay a price for interfering in Iraq and threatening US forces CIA Dir Hayden warned that new policy could just lead to Iranian retaliation Sec State Rice worried about policy escalating to direct confrontation with Iran Some wanted US to go after Iranian Revolutionary Guards in Iraq as much as Islamic State of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2007 Fmr Cheney media aide Martin said VP dictated talking points to his Chief of Staff Libby to use with
reporters to discredit fmr Amb Wilson on Iraq-Niger uranium story Talked about leaking info to reporters Cheney also ordered Martin to track news stories about Wilson Martin contradicted Libby’s claim that he found out Wilson’s wife’s name from journalist Wilson claimed he found no evidence of Iraq-Niger uranium deal Claimed Cheney knew about his findings and continued to lie about it Cheney didn’t hear about Wilson’s account
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2007 UK report Security in Basra deteriorated Basrawis lived in fear due to Mahdi Army and other militias
British and ISF not seen as reliable by public
2008 FBI agent that interviewed Saddam after capture said he never expected a US invasion Thought
Bush would only bomb Iraq Saddam considered Iran real threat
2011 Insurgents caught crossing from Syria to Anbar Said they got aid from Syrian govt
(Musings On Iraq article on Syrian support for Iraqi insurgency 2011-12)
2015 After battle with IS in Barwanah Diyala Hashd kill 70 civilians
2017 All of east Mosul freed by Iraqi forces after PM Abadi declared it cleared already
(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)
(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

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Saturday, January 25, 2020

Sadr Holds Anti-U.S. Rally, Tilts Towards Iran, Then Crackdown On Protests

Sadr's rally against the US presence in Iraq .... (BBC)


... Was followed by a crackdown on the protest sites in Baghdad and Basra


Moqtada al-Sadr held his anti-U.S. protest in Baghdad’s Jadriya neighborhood on January 24. People protested against western forces being in the country and demanded that they leave. Sadr didn’t attend but issued a message to the crowd. He announced plans for this march on January 14. This was a day after he met with several leaders of pro-Tehran Hashd groups in Qom, Iran where he is currently living. Several of those groups participated in the march. Later in the day, the Iraqi forces attacked the sit-in sites in Basra and Baghdad. That pointed to an agreement between Sadr and the pro-Iran camp. Sadrists have been involved in the anti-government demonstrations since they began and provided unofficial security. They new round of attacks pointed to Sadr withdrawing this support and allowing Iran’s allies to make another attempt at breaking up the activists.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 25


1917 British attacked Ottoman positions along Hai River
1959 Gen Qasim legalized trade unions
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1967 Pres Johnson met 5 Iraqi generals and Iraqi Amb Hani at White House and said that they
would build closer ties
1981 Islamic Conference Organization created group to try to mediate end to Iran-Iraq War
1987 3rd War of the Cities ended
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 OPEC said Kuwait and UAE agreed to limit oil exports to try to settle dispute with Iraq
1995 Saddam discussed how Iraq had created a deterrent to protect every Arab capital from Israel
with WMD
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
1998 Report US was preparing strike against Iraq called Operation Desert Thunder for non
cooperation with UN inspectors US was hoping to cause a confrontation with inspectors to attack Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how US manipulated UN inspections)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
2003 Military Industrialization Commission officials had Republican Guard commanders sign docs
that they had no WMD in units
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Cheney chief of staff Libby briefed White House on case vs Iraq’s WMD and ties to Al Qaeda
Said Iraq hiding its WMD and cleaning sites before UN inspections Said Iraq-Al Qaeda ties strong Libby played recording of 2 Al Qaeda operatives talking about poisons that Libby said they got from Iraq Libby claimed 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intelligence in Prague up to 4 times
2004 Ex-Iraq Survey Group Head Kay US intel was wrong about state of Iraq’s WMD programs US
intel agencies had to explain why they failed on Iraq intel on WMD Kay said Iraq tried to restart nuke program in 2000-01 but didn’t get far Kay said Iraq had active biological weapons program 1998 US bombing had stopped Iraq’s chemical weapons program
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 Bush admin said it would ask Congress for another $80 bil for Iraq and Afghanistan wars
2005 Human Rights Watch reported arbitrary arrests torture abuse threats corruption in Iraqi
justice system
2006 Report US wanted to make Iraqi army light infantry force to fight insurgency and not
threaten neighbors Meant given no artillery or heavy weapons besides 77 T-72 tanks
2010 3 international hotels bombed
2013 ISF killed 9 protesters at Fallujah protest camp for throwing stones
2015 Yazidi militias and YPG forced Arabs out of Om Danabuk, Sinjar Killed 10 and looted village
2015 Badr’s Amiri claimed all of Diyala cleared of IS

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Friday, January 24, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 24


1969 Former MP Bajari during spy trial claimed opposition leaders were trying to
overthrow Pres Bakr’s govt
1970 42 more sentenced to death for coup plot against Pres Bakr
2003 Gen Franks presented final war plan to Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs head Gen Myers
(Musings On Iraq book review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 PM Blair sent note to Bush suggesting delaying Iraq invasion for a month to allow more time for
postwar planning
2003 UK Foreign Office legal adv Sir Wood told Foreign Sec Straw that Britain could not go to
war with Iraq without a 2nd UN resolution
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 IAEA told Wash Post aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were wrong for nuke program
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 Archaeologists and scholars briefed Pentagon about historical sites in Iraq that should be
spared from bombing
2003 DIA report repeated CIA reporting on Iraq-Niger uranium deal and Navy reported uranium
was in a warehouse in Benin Said Iraq could have gotten uranium
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
2003 2nd NYTimes article on Iraqi defector Haideri provided by INC Said that he’d led to dozens of
DIA reports on Iraq’s WMD DIA labeled him a fabricator May 02 story continued to be used
2003 Defense Policy Board’s Richard Perle accused CIA of being biased against INC so it wouldn’t
interview people like Haideri
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco by David Phillips)
2004 Iraq Survey Group took INC provided defector Haideri to sites he claimed were WMD and
found nothing May 02 labeled fabricator by DIA but story continued to be used
2004 7,000 Kurds marched for a new federal Iraq
2006 Report Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction found disputes lack of staff and set rules caused
huge delays completing projects
2007 Amb Khalizad asked British to stop troop withdrawal plans UK Foreign Sec Beckett said
drawdown would continue
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2007 UK intel report Mahdi Army and Badr behind most attacks upon Sunnis Were powerful groups with
positions in govt and influence in security forces PM Maliki wanted Sadr to rein in Mahdi Army so US didn’t go after militia Maliki opposed any major US ops vs Mahdi Army in Baghdad Maliki wanted to maintain his Shiite base which meant keeping ties to Sadr Maliki govt seen as linked to militias which hindered reconciliation with Sunnis
2008 Report 200 Sahwa killed and 500 wounded Jun-Dec 2007 by ISI 100 were killed just in Jan in
Baghdad and Diyala Increased after Dec 29 message by bin Laden against Awakening/Sahwa
2008 Report 4 yrs after 2 battles of Fallujah city still largely destroyed Only 4 hrs of power Little running
water Sewage system didn’t work 70% unemployment Lack of fuel Tight security hindered trade and development US reconstruction projects small and local and couldn’t address large problems with services Fallujah blamed Baghdad neglect
2009 Basra Ops Cmd began crackdown in province before Jan provincial elections Continued until Apr
(Musings On Iraq article on Basra security op)
2011 2 bombs hit Shiite pilgrims during Arbayeen
2011 Deputy Justice Min denied report prison at Camp Honor Baghdad was under Maliki’s control
Said run by Justice Min Said Red Cross and Human Rights Min had visited facility and found no torture or abuses Said families and lawyers could visit prisoners Red Cross said they were denied access
(Musings On Iraq article on Camp Honor prison)
2014 As fighting and insurgency took off in Anbar when PM Maliki shut down protest sites mass
displacement started UN said 140,000 displaced from Anbar up from 65,000 week before
(Musings On Iraq article on displacement due to fighting in Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
2015 Kurdistan Security Council announced 23 IS leaders killed in fighting Peshmerga Included
Abu Muslim al-Turkmani member of IS Shura Council highest body in group Said to be one of Baghdadi’s top deputies
(Musings On Iraq article on death of IS leaders)
2017 East Mosul officially declared liberated by PM Abadi
(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)
(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

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Security In Iraq Nov 22-28, 2020

Violence in Iraq has fluctuated up and down the last three months. The fourth week of November 2020 was no different with attacks increasing...