Friday, August 12, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 12 1920 Revolt spread to Fallujah During Saddam govt claimed this was start of revolt

(Shia Waves)

 

1919 Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George saying were too many troops in Mesopotamia that

could crush its finances

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

1920 UK Col Leachman killed by Sheikh Dhari in Fallujah helping to spread 1920 revolt to the west

1920 UK cmdr in Iraq Sir Haldane criticized High Commissioner Wilson for failing to arrest

notables in Baghdad that supported 1920 Revolt

1920 British reinforcements sent to Diyala to put down 1920 Revolt attacked by tribesmen

Reached Baquba and then ordered back to Baghdad Baquba then fell to rebels

1920 British banned religious ceremonies in Baghdad that had been used to raise nationalist

sentiment Set up military courts to deal with violators

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Soldiers buried 315 Assyrians killed in Sumail raped women survivors they found

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1936 PM Hashemi closed Sawt al-Ahali paper run by Hikmat Sulaiman and Jafaar Abu al-Timman

Rallied opposition against PM Petitioned King Ghazi to allow press freedom

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1961 Kuwait made agreement with Arab League to send troops to protect it from Iraqi claims to

country

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1963 Iraqi army secured Zakho Barzan and Ruwanduz Gorge and all of Sulaymaniya province during

Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1968 New Baath government of Pres Bakr said it was committed to uniting Iraq and Egypt

1976 Soviet-Iraq arms deal announced worth over $1 bil included 600 T-62s and T-64 tanks, 100 Mig-

23s, SAM-6 and SCUD missiles and more Deal included giving USSR secret access to Iraqi air bases

Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq: Volume 2: The Iraqi Air Force, 1970-1980

1981 Iran made first claim Iraq used poison gas in war

1982 In response to Iran’s failed attack upon Basra Saddam declared 50 sq mi exclusion zone around

Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port Saddam hoped attacks on oil tankers would put pressure on Iran to negotiate Iran replied by setting up its own exclusion zone 60 mi along its entire coast

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1986 Iraqi jets flew 550 miles to attack 20 tankers at Sirri Island where Iran had transferred loading oil

due to Iraqi attacks upon Kharg Island main terminal 3 ships hit Iraq got air support from Kuwait and Saudis to reach island

1988 Pres Khamenei speech claimed Iran won Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam said all occupations should end including Israel-Palestine and

Syria-Lebanon to stave off criticism of Kuwait invasion Saddam also used it as negotiating tactic hoping for concessions in return for his withdrawal from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1990 Marches in Amman and Mafraq Jordan Sanaa in Yemen Sidon in Lebanon in support of Iraq and

Saddam after Kuwait invasion

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

1990 British air unit arrived in Oman Egyptian division arrived in Saudi Arabia to protect it from Iraq

1990 Report Bush admin admitted that its policy of supporting Iraq ignored abuses and weapons

programs failed

1995 Saddam’s son-in-law Hussein Kamil held news conference in Jordan saying he would overthrow

Saddam after defecting

1995 Ali Hassan al-Majid said clan condemned defection of Hussein Kamil to Jordan Said clan had

decided to spill his blood

2002 Iraq invasion plans leaked to Time Supported Rumsfeld’s ideas of a small force or supporting an

Iraqi revolt Rumsfeld allies told Time that Iraq would be simple and quick and that US military questioned using a large invasion force

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Liberate And Leave, Fatal Flaws In The Early Strategy For Postwar Iraq)

2002 Kissinger OpEd in Wash Post Said he supported Bush for confronting Saddam but needed to build

domestic and intl support

2002 UnderSecDef Feith sent Rumsfeld memo to create an exile armed force to help with invasion 6,000

names submitted 600 passed vetting Only 76 graduated

2002 UK Defense Min report to PM Blair Bush had authorized military for action against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2004 US forces surrounded Mahdi Army in Imam Ali shrine and Najaf cemetery 2nd Battle of Najaf

2004 Fighting between Iraqi and US forces vs Mahdi Army killed 68 civilians in Kut Wasit

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2004 Wash Post said it ran many articles questioning Bush admin case for Iraq war but didn't get on front

page like pro-war stories

2006 Report audit of Iraq’s finances by Ernest & Young found system a wreck Iraqi ministries and offices

counted sums differently Put funds into wrong accounts Couldn’t accurately report how much oil exported

2007 Natl Sec Min Waeli told US Amb Crocker and Gen Petraeus that he met with Pres Ahmadinejad

and Quds Forces Cmdr Gen Suleimani during trip to Iran Suleimani wanted Asaib Ahl Al-Haq leader Khazali released and in return Quds Force would draw back on ops in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2008 Dismissed Diyala police chief called for his followers to protest Insulted Diyala govt PM Maliki

ordered him to Baghdad to be appointed elsewhere Chief dismissed for sectarianism Conflict with Sahwa

2008 Female suicide bomber hit army convoy in Baquba Diyala Killed 2 Tried to kill Diyala governor

and police commander

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 Army Chief of Staff Gen Zebari said US military should stay in Iraq until 2020 Said ISF

may not be ready by that date

2010 Demand for electricity in provinces reached such a level shut down entire power grid for 7 hrs

2010 Head of National Reconciliation Comm in charge of Sahwa said no plans to end program

Claimed 80% of sahwa in Baghdad had been integrated into govt Then said 12,000 sahwa hadn’t gotten govt job yet

2013 Report Iraq released summary of Integration National Energy Strategy Assumed prices would stay

above $100/bar Predicted Iraq would export natural gas by 2015 Talked about diversifying economy via industry but made no effort at it Called for increasing govt services and govt jobs which wasn’t diversification 2007-12 59% of new jobs came from govt Only 3% came from farming/industry

2013 Report May-Jun Badr increased public rhetoric about fighting in Syria Jul announced sent 1500

fighters to Syria Late Jul started announcing losses Held public funerals

2013 State of Law MP blamed Eid bombings by ISI on Turkey Qatar Saudis Israel Said they supported

insurgents who destabilize Iraq Were conspiracy theories

2014 Report PKK was fighting IS in Jalawla Diyala

2014 Iran gave its support to Haidar Abadi as nominee for PM Also backed by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and

            Badr who abandoned PM Maliki Pro and anti-Maliki volunteers fought each other in Salahaddin

2015 Pres Masum said parliament should keep one VP since position was in constitution PM Abadi called

for end of VP positions Aug 11 Was part of Abadi’s reforms but actually budget cuts

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 Hashd op to take Fallujah failed Withdrew ISF originally wanted to retake Ramadi Hashd

took over Anbar campaign and said Fallujah would be 1st

2015 Report PM Abadi fired secretary general of cabinet and his deputies Part of budget cuts

2017 Former Basra Governor Nasrawi fled to Iran to escape corruption charges

2017 Sadr said Hashd needed to be integrated into ISF said Iraq couldn’t have 2 armies Said

Hashd caused problems Aimed at his rivals

2017 Fmr Ninewa Gov Nujafi released details of his calls with Def Min Asadi during fall of

Mosul in 2014 Jun 9 all ISF in west Mosul retreated Nujafi had to move to police station in east Mosul Def Min Asadi called Nujafi and ordered him to ask Peshmerga for help Nujafi said Kurds wouldn’t act without direct order of PM Maliki PM refused to call Pres Barzani Said one of his aides would Nujafi told Def Min Asadi army had retreated from west Mosul Jun 10 Nujafi fled Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 34 Aug 13 2017)

2017 Babil govt voted to block returns to Jurf al-Sakhr Hashd emptied district of people and

wouldn’t let any return

2018 Protesters blocked Safwan border crossing to Kuwait in Basra

2018 Report Hashd ordered to leave Ninewa-Syrian border and Mosul Didn’t leave

2019 Explosion at Hashd base Camp Saqr in Baghdad blamed on Israeli air strike

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2020 Protests started in Kurdistan first in Sulaymaniya organized by opposition party calling for

removal of Kurdish govt and for salaries to be paid

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq’s Kurdistan Over Economic Conditions And Mismanagement)

2020 Report Iraq’s F-16s not flying combat missions Officers forging records of F-16 flights that

didn’t happen Officers stealing jet fuel with US company Sallyport Balad Air Base plagued by corruption Iraqi companies paid bribes to operate at base Iraqi company signed deal with Hashd to allow fuel to go from Baghdad to base

(Musings On Iraq US Company Paid Off PM Maliki To Service And Rob Iraqi Military Base)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, August 11, 2022

Review Wings of Iraq: Volume 2: The Iraqi Air Force, 1970-1980

Cooper, Tom, Sipos, Milos, Wings of Iraq: Volume 2: The Iraqi Air Force, 1970-1980, Worwick: Helion & Company Limited, 2022


 

The second volume of the Wings of Iraq by Tom Cooper and Milos Sipos picks up right where the last one left off. The main topic is Iraq’s attempt to modernize its force after it found itself outclassed in the 1967 and 1973 Arab-Israeli Wars. The air arm was split over whether to turn to the Soviets or France to accomplish this. The authors rely upon both Iraqi and Iranian sources plus many interviews with former Iraqi personnel. It provides the best coverage of this arm of the military published so far. The main takeaway was that Baghdad became completely reliant upon the USSR but Moscow was an unreliable partner.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 11 Iraqi army led by Gen Sidqi attacked Assyrians in 2 villages 315 Assyrians killed

(Wikipedia)

 

1918 UK Foreign Sec Balfour War in Mespotamia should be justified by securing water that would also

give it control of oil Balfour’s statement prompted PM Lloyd George to call for UK to seize Ottoman Mosul province

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 British force sent to put down 1920 Revolt in Diyala

1920 UK Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane ordered arrest of 4 leaders of 1920 Revolt in Baghdad Word got out

Crowd gathered to protect them leading to clashes with police and deaths 1 leader arrested Others escaped to Karbala and Najaf

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Interior Min Suleiman arrived in Mosul on news of Assyrian massacres Had planes drop flyers

telling Assyrians nothing would happen to them if they gave up to authorities

1933 Assyrians in Zakho and Sumail were attacked by Iraqi army led by Gen Sidqi Fired on village then

divided women and children from men and executed the men Found some men hiding amongst women Killed everyone Local Kurds looted Sumail after massacre Police later called back army to kill stragglers that had returned to Sumail 315 killed Iraqi govt considered Assyrians foreigners and tools of British imperialism for their service in the British Levies

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1933 Arab Kurd Yazidi tribes looted Assyrian villages in Alqosh

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1937 Army Chief of Staff Gen Sidqi leader of 1933 Assyrian massacre and head of 1936 coup assassinated

in Mosul by pan-Arab rivals in military PM Sulaiman ordered Mosul garrison cmdr Gen Umari to arrest officers responsible but he refused

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

1987 Iran told UN that Resolution 598 only included Iraq’s view of war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam ordered Republican Guard to plan for seizing eastern Saudi Arabia

1991 US flew U2 spy plane over Iraq claiming it was for UN inspectors

1992 U.N. Iraq Rapporteur went to Security Council about Iraq draining southern marshes and new

counterinsurgency campaign against rebels in south

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam Destroyed An Eco-System And Its People In The Southern Marshes Of Iraq)

1992 UK France US condemned Iraq campaign to clear southern marshes and warned of possible

consequences

1995 Saddam gave speech denouncing son-in-law Hussein Kamil for defecting to Jordan Said he stole

millions and spied for the CIA

1995 Ali Hassan al-Majid issued statement saying Hussein Kamil was a traitor for defecting to Jordan

1995 US brokered KDP-PUK ceasefire during civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 Gas and electricity shortages led to riots in Basra city

2003 Association of Muslim Scholars condemned US violations of mosques comparing them to Mongols

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 CIA Dir Tenet issued statement that CIA stood by 2002 National Intel Estimate on Iraq

            saying CIA had solid intelligence on Iraq’s WMD and nuclear programs

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Allawi govt announced ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf to open talks with Sadr

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 SCIRI’s Hakim announced idea for southern federal region in Iraq SCIRI held march in Najaf

calling for federal region in southern Iraq Had posters of Ayatolah Khomeini

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

2005 Salah al-Mutlaq said SCIRI’s call for a southern region would turn Iraq over to Iran

2005 Dawa rejected SCIRI’s call for a southern federal region in Iraq

2005 Bush said US had to stay the course in Iraq Said free democratic Iraq in center of Middle East

would be blow to terrorism

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2005 Board of Supreme Audit found $1.27 bil in waste and fraud in Defense Min contracts Deals made

without bids or approval from PM’s office Ministry didn’t keep records of deals Were paid upfront in cash Went through middlemen instead of buying directly from companies 43 of 89 contracts went to Nair Jumaili who didn’t appear in contracts He got $759 mil Most of the contracts were not for real deals but just to steal money Deals were brokered by Ziad Qattan who had no experience with weapons deals He signed deal with company with no military experience to provide equipment for Rapid Deployment units Company owned by secretary of VP and adviser to Defense Minister

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2007 Police chief and ISCI governor of Qadisiya killed by an EFP laid by Mahdi Army Sadr vs Hakim

rivalry

2007 Sahwa leader in Adhamiya wounded in IED attack by ISI 1st Sahwa leader in Baghdad targeted

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

2008 Diyala govt fired police chief for tensions with Sahwa Accused police of sectarian attacks Fired

4,000 police from Sahwa Replaced them with Badr men Arrested Sahwa leaders and got into gun battles with them Sahwa went on strike in Feb PM Maliki refused to remove him

(Musings On Iraq Another Female Bomber Strikes in Baquba as Controversies Emerge During Diyala Security Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2008 During Op Omens of Prosperity PM Maliki sent ISF into Khanaqin dist Diyala Told Peshmerga

they had to withdraw Kurds refused Maliki attempted to pressure Kurds and establish control over disputed areas

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between Baghdad and Kurds Turns Hot)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 PM Maliki’s private jet brought back 236 Iraqi refugees from Egypt Part of Maliki’s

            new refugee policy to encourage people to return with improved security

(Musings On Iraq Déjà Vu? Government Returns Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Defense Min said Iraqi forces could operate independently by mid-09 without any US support

Didn’t happen

2008 Jordan’s King Abdullah II visited Baghdad 1st Arab leader to come to Iraq since 03 invasion

2008 Report Sheikh Hayes of Awakening Said ISI demanded goats be covered Claimed cucumbers were

male vegetables and women couldn’t buy them Banned buying and selling ice cream because didn’t exist during time of prophet Attacked and bombed places that sold women’s make-up

2009 PM Maliki claimed VP Abdul Mahdi turned over $6.8 mi his bodyguards stole from bank

Supposed to turn over robbers Didn’t happen

2010 Report State Dept struggled to get money for expanded role after US military withdrawal

end of 2011 Sep supposed to take over police training Consolidated 16 provincial reconstruction teams to 5 Needed $400 mil more than planned Never filled vacuum left by withdrawal

2010 Iraqi Chief of Staff Gen Zebari said ISF wouldn’t be ready to defend Iraq until 2020

2010 KDP sued magazine for 500 mil dinars after editor called for more press freedom

2014 IS attacked Jalawla, Diyala with suicide truck bomb and 12 suicide bombers

            dressed in Peshmerga uniforms Re-took area IS told workers at Mosul Dam to stay on their job

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2014 US general said US air strike were limited and wouldn’t change strategic situation in Iraq Said IS

            would probably move to areas where there were no airstrikes

(Musings On Iraq review Airpower in the War Against ISIS)

2014 ISF claimed it took Wafa in Ramadi dist and Edheim in Diyala

2014 Dawa’s Haidar Abadi named candidate for PM Premier Maliki and State of Law members claimed

he wasn’t nominee

2015 Parliament approved PM Abadi’s reform program Included corruption committee Ending

ethnosectarian quotas Dismissing VPs and Dep PMs Pres Masum said reforms violated constitution

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 MP on finance comm said 719 deputy ministers 6,000 director generals Cost 50-100

bil/dinars/month

2015 Baghdad Babil Dhi Qar Basra fired and retired hundreds of officials as part of PM Abadi’s reforms

Were actually budget cuts

2015 Protesters stormed Babil council building demanding better services

2015 KDP Yazidi leader Sesho said Yazidis wanted to be part of KRG Said he trusted KDP and

Pres Barzani Said Sinjar should be annexed so it could be protected KDP abandoned Sinjar in 2014 allowing IS genocide of Yazidis

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Government Tries to Create New Narrative Of What Happened To Iraq’s Yazidis)

(Musings On Iraq interview with AUIS’s Christine van den Toorn on what happened to Yazidis when IS invaded Sinjar) 

2015 Report US didn’t have strategy or resources to defeat IS in Iraq Obama unwilling to commit

resources Used conventional military planning against IS insurgency US wanted to train and equip ISF Didn’t have equipment for ISF Iraqis couldn’t absorb or maintain what it was given because of lack of logistics Hadn’t used airstrikes effectively because of strict rules of engagement and lack of ground targeters Only small group of Iraqis could call in airstrikes Only deployed small force

2016 Report CENTCOM official changed intel reports to make them more positive about war vs

IS Congress blamed senior intel officers

2016 Report Military intel officer said IS laundered money and invested in regular businesses in

Iraq like car dealerships shopping malls farms hospitals Manipulated Central Bank of Iraq dollar auction Bought and sold medicine Used middlemen who are regular businessmen 

2016 Report Jul-Aug Iraq reached deals with BP Shell Lukoil to restart investments in oil fields

to boost oil production 2015 Iraq asked oil companies to cut investment due to economic crisis caused by IS Couldn’t pay companies for work

2016 Report Dhuluiya police in Salahaddin under orders from Samarra Ops Command started

exiling IS families 56 families deported for 7 yrs

2017 IS still smuggling oil and refined products Had 1600 makeshift refineries in north Iraq 2014

IS seized large oil fields in Iraq and Syria US Op Tidal Wave II targeted IS oil industry Was largely successful 2014 IS exporting oil from Ajeel field Aug Coalition airstrikes hit pumping station at field Limited use Mar 2015 Hashd took Ajeel field IS set fire to 9 wells as retreated Oct 2016 Peshmerga and ISF took Qayara oil field in Ninewa IS set fire to 20 oil wells Burned for 8 months Aug 2016-Jul 2017 IS attacked Bai Hassan field in Kirkuk and Ajeel to deny it to govt Airstrikes forced IS to use small refineries and sell to locals

2017 Sec of State Tillerson called KRG Pres Barzani Asked him to postpone KRG independence

            referendum

2018 Women’s protest in support of demands of demonstrators for jobs and services in Basra

2020 Report IS rebuilding in northern Diyala Southeastern Salahaddin Southern Kirkuk Cut off

roads Set up camps Aimed to take over rural areas 185-200 villages abandoned due to IS Has large weapons market Includes disputed territory where conflicts over who has security authority over them IS earned $2.5-$3 mil/mo from royalties from companies

2021 Daquq Mayor in Kirkuk said 45 villages empty after army pushed Peshmerga out of area in

Oct 2017 Said being used by IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Security In Iraq Aug 1-7, 2022


Security incidents declined in Iraq during the first week of August. There were fewer operations by both the Islamic State and pro-Iran groups.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 10 Treaty of Sevres Began break-up of Ottoman Empire Mesopotamia went to UK


 

1920 Treaty of Sevres started break-up of Ottoman Empire after WW I Ceded Mesopotamia to UK Included

call for Kurdish state Full protection for Assyrians Turkey rejected treaty and claimed Mosul province citing Madrid armistice

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1920 British reinforcements arrived from India to deal with 1920 Revolt

1920 UK Gen Leslie wrote that British military columns were attacking and burning all the

villages along the railway in the south to punish people for 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Kurds and Arabs looted Assyrian towns south of Dohuk Stole harvest from Sumail 

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1945 Police tried to disarm Barzani tribe Mullah Mustafa Barzani attacked several police posts

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1963 Army took Zakho during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1987 Iraq began bombing campaign against Iran’s Tabriz oil field Iran said it would make Persian Gulf a

killing field in retaliation

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Arab League split over Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait Did vote to demand Iraq withdrawal return of Sabah

family to power troops to defend Saudi Arabia

1990 Saddam speech called on Arabs and Muslims to rise up against the US in jihad

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Penn’s Dr Samuel Helfont on Saddam and Islam)

(Musings On Iraq review Compulsion In Religion, Saddam Hussein, Islam, and the Roots of Insurgencies in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam’s Word, Political Discourse In Iraq)

1990 Gen Schwarzkopf approved US Air Force Instant Thunder that targeted Iraq’s oil

electricity communications along with Iraqi forces and defenses

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 2: Operation Desert Storm and the Coalition Liberation of Kuwait 1991)

1992 Govt curfew in Najaf to try to stop march after death of Ayatollah Khoei

2003 Report British govt said it had independent intel to support Iraq-Africa uranium deal after US said

story weak Story was false

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2003 Report CIA denied contradictory stories about aluminum tubes White House used tubes in its first

public relations campaign against Iraq claiming it had renewed nuke program Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 UK Op Hammersmith moved against Mahdi Army in Amara Maysan breaking up militia for rest of

summer

2006 US cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey said more civilians killed by Shiite militias than insurgents in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2008 PM Maliki turned Op Promise of Good in Diyala from hunting insurgents to confrontation with Kurds

over disputed area in Khanaqin Baghdad called for Peshmerga to withdraw from area Kurds refused saying they only followed KRG

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish-Baghdad Tensions Over Diyala)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Female Suicide bomber killed 1 US soldiers 6 sahwa 3 Iraqi soldiers 14 civilians

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers0

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 2 truck bombs hit Shabak town of Khazan Killed 35 wounded 200

(Musings On Iraq Political Parties Playing Into Hands Of Insurgent Attacks)

2009 Report Govt hired 1000s of extra workers to keep unemployment low Went to Baghdad

power plant Supposed to have 2500 workers Had 4370 Few showed up Govt wanted foreign companies to buy state owned businesses and make them profitable Could lead to 1000s being fired Industry Min said govt workers only worked avg 2 hrs/day Govt workers distorted labor market because no one wanted to work in private sector

2009 Report 26th Army brigade from Diyala tried to move through Makhmour Stopped by KDP

Peshmerga who said they would’ve fired on soldiers if didn’t stop US had to mediate to defuse situation

2012 Genel Energy CEO said KRG won oil dispute with Baghdad Said major oil companies now in KRG

Many had contracts with Oil Min Baghdad couldn’t retaliate because companies too big

2013 Pres Barzani said KRG ready to protect Syrian Kurds if threatened by ISI and Al-Nusra Front

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Iraqi Kurdistan’s Policy Towards Syria, Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2014 Anbar Ops Command said it took Hamidiya and Ramadi Island Took Khalidiya Island but then

withdrew and IS moved back in ISF said it controlled Muqdadiya in Diyala 2nd time Peshmerga took Gwar Zummar and Makhmour in Ninewa 

2015 Foreign Min Jaafari dismissed 7 ambassadors and retired some directors as part of Abadi’s reforms

Were actually to cut costs during budget crisis

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 Speaker Jabouri demanded MPs with 2 passports give up the second or be dismissed

2015 After Gorran said speaker of parliament would replace Pres Barzani when term ended in 9

days KDP said no one would replace Barzani as long as he lived

2015 After car bomb in Baquba Diyala 61 Sunnis were abducted

2015 VP Maliki TV interview said protests were becoming anti-religious and could get out of control

2015 Dep PM Araji resigned Was facing corruption investigation

2017 ISCI’s Basra Gov Nasrawi resigned over corruption charges Parliament’s integrity committee banned

travel for Basra Gov to stop him from fleeing country

2017 Shootout between Bdar and Khorasani Brigade in east Mosul 3 wounded Argued over how

to distribute aid

2018 Results of manual recount of May election announced Fatah gained 1 seat in Baghdad Only

change Arab Alliance and Turkmen Front complained about results still claiming fraud in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq No Major Changes In Results After Election Recount In Iraq)

2018 Protests in Baghdad 2 in Basra Dhi Qar Najaf Qadisiay Karbala Babil for better services

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi said Hashd would withdraw from Ninewa Plains Said talks

underway Hashd never withdrew

2020 Bomb placed outside house of protest activist in Kut, Wasit as part of intimidation campaign

vs demonstrations

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Protesters set fire to provincial govt building in Diwaniya Also protests in 2 parts of Dhi Qar

Muthanna Wasit

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

2020 PM Kazemi met with group of protesters wounded by police in Nasiriya Promised them aid

2021 Electricity Min announced Iran cut off all electricity exports to Iraq Said caused by drought

View the Iraq History Timelines 


Tuesday, August 9, 2022

Prices for Iraqi Oil Dropped In July


Iraq is the most oil dependent country in the world. During the recent boom in petroleum prices it has been making record profits. Those finally declined in July.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 9 Iraq held victory celebration for end of Iran-Iraq War


 

1914 US consulate report Martial law declared in Baghdad Vilayet would provide 15,000

recruits for war Ottomans called on all Muslims to serve

1920 UK Foreign Sec Lord Curzon replied to US complaints about San Remo agreement saying US

would not be shut out of Iraq oil and was just business deal not treaty

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1920 TE Lawrence wrote article for Sunday Times Said UK public misled by govt about Iraq Said

public had not been told what was going on Said 1920 Revolt worse then govt said and UK facing possible disaster

1920 Railway line to Baghdad cut by tribal fighters in Diyala during 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1922 Def Min Askari threatened to resign if budget for army not expanded and conscription started

1933 Shammar and Jabour tribes attacked 60 Assyrian villages south of Dohuk Captured males given to

Iraqi army who executed them

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1962 Iraqi air force conducting raids into Turkey to attack Barzani’s force Bombed Turkish military

outpost by mistake

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1966 Ret General Naji Talib became PM Was former Free Officer New cabinet was almost all officers

Proved to be completely ineffective and was later removed

1983 Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 3 took hills around Mehran central front but failed to recapture city Iran took 60

sq mi half in Wasit Iraq lost 10,000-17,000 casualties Iran lost 15,000-25,000 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iraq ended its operation to try to capture Mehran Iran

1988 Iraq held victory celebrations for end of Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Military campaign in southern marshes ended 400 homes and 500 boats destroyed along with mass

arrests

1990 US forces arrived in Saudi Arabia to protect it from Iraq after invasion of Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

1990 UN Resolution 662 said that Iraq’s annexation of Kuwait was illegal

1990 Turkey and Saudi Arabia closed pipelines to Iraq due to Kuwait invasion

1990 Arab League agreed to UN sanctions on Iraq Endorsed US deployment to Saudi Arabia

Said it would send troops

1990 Iraqi Amb to Greece said Iraq would use chemical weapons if it was attacked by US or

Israel

1998 Iraq told UN it was suspending cooperation with inspections Demanded new inspection team made

up of members of the Security Council

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld at White House meeting said that US would not occupy Iraq for a long time and

shouldn’t promote democracy

(Musings On Iraq review Liberate And Leave, Fatal Flaws In The Early Strategy For Postwar Iraq)

2002 After White House meeting UnderSecDef Feith told Def Sec Rumsfeld he should not be so critical of

creating a democracy in Iraq Rumsfeld said building democracy complex and not just holding an election

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Assassins’ Gate, America In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2002 Def Policy Board Perle said that removing Saddam would lead to more peaceful and stable Middle East

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2002 Ahmed Chalabi convinced Ayatollah Hakim to join opposition meeting in Wash DC Would

help cement ISCI as one of parties US would work with after 03 invasion Also helped Chalabi’s standing in Iran

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2003 3 US army battalions added to 1st Battle of Najaf

2003 Bremer said Ansar al-Islam escaped to Iran during invasion and were now returning to Iraq to carry

out terrorist attacks

2003 Protests in Basra over lack of electricity Threw rocks at British troops

2003 Mass robberies of oil tankers in Basra Police fled Czech and British troops fired on looters 2 killed 4

wounded

2003 AP story not much of Sec State Powell’s Feb 03 speech to UN on Iraq’s WMD proved true

2004 PM Allawi Def Min US generals had meeting Decided 2nd Najaf Battle had to end quick over

concerns shrine might be damaged

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 Baghdad city council chief Makkia of SCIRI led group of Badr militiamen to oust Baghdad mayor

Tamimi and installed himself in office

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld said weapons were being smuggled from Iran into Iraq Most senior US official to

accuse Tehran of arming militias in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2005 Suicide car bomb hit US convoy in Baghdad killing 7 and wounding more than 90

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 Ayatollah Sistani aide assassinated in Najaf Was 4th such killing in province since July

2008 PM Maliki started meetings with tribes to get them to joint Tribal Support Council and back

him

2009 Suicide bomber hit Mosul mosque killing 23 wounding 130

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 After meeting KRG Pres Barznai said no objections to Maliki remaining PM Said he was a

long time friend

2014 1st US airstrike against IS occurred in Irbil to stop insurgent advance there

(Musings On Iraq review Airpower in the War Against ISIS)

2014 IS attack on Tuz Kharmato turned back by Peshmerga Insurgents took 4 areas around Haditha

Defense Min claimed it cleared Hamrin Mts in Diyala of insurgents Didn’t

2015 Cabinet voted to reduce number of members on provincial councils PM Abadi said govt

would not use quota system End large security details for officials Set up anti-corruption commission Cut ministers and agencies End VPs Sold as reforms but meant to cut spending

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 VPs Nujafi and Maliki Speaker Jabouri and KRG said they supported Abadi’s reform program

2015 Chief of staff of Iranian military criticized protests in Iraq saying they were making govt look

bad

2015 Protests in Baghdad, Nasiriya, Maysan supporting Abadi’s reforms

2015 KRG Pres Barzani called opposition demands to reduce his power a coup

2017 Civil Defense official est 3000 corpses still in west Mosul Found 839 bodies last 3 days

2017 Dep head of Babil council said it would sue any MP who demanded return of displaced to

Jurf al-Sakhr Hashd emptied entire district of civilians and refused to allow any back

2018 Sit in continued in Muthanna and West Qurna 2 field in Basra

2018 People of Burima in Hawija dist Kirkuk fled IS handed out flyers Told people had 72 hrs to

leave Around 20 villages in Diyala’s Khanaqin dist abandoned because of IS attacks

2018 Provincial election results Badr led Fatah won Babil Basra Diyala Karbala Qadisiya Sadr’s

Sairoon won Baghdad Dhi Qar Muthanna Najaf Wasit KDP won Dohuk Irbil Ninewa PUK won Kirkuk Sulaymaniya

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi gave press conference Said Hashd implementing his executive order

to be under govt control Said needed time to be completed Deadline had passed and Hashd not following

2019 US sanctioned heads of Babylon Brigade and Shabak 30th Hashd Brigade Accused of

human rights violations

2019 Basra activist said he and his family threatened by Hashd unless stopped protesting

2020 Ansar Allah HQ burned in Nasiriya by protesters Also protests in Baghdad Muthanna

Diwaniya Wasit

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

 View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 12 1920 Revolt spread to Fallujah During Saddam govt claimed this was start of revolt

(Shia Waves)   1919 Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George saying were too many troops in Mesopotamia that could crush its finances ( Musings O...