Monday, August 8, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 8 Iraqi army executed captured Assyrians Looted villages along with Kurds


 

1920 TE Lawrence wrote piece for Observer newspaper criticizing UK for trying to block self govt

in Iraq Said UK wasting money and solution was to get rid of chief political officer Wilson and set up a more efficient administration

1933 Iraqi army began executing captured Assyrian males Looted their villages Mayor of Zakho began

disarming Assyrians Kurds joined in looting in Zakho Head of Zakho went to Sumail and told Assyrians to disarm even though not in his district

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1966 Protest in Baghdad backing ex-PM Bazzaz Put down by police

1969 Iraqi army destroyed Kurdish village of Dakan near Mosul as part of new govt offensive

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1979 5 members of Rev Command Council expelled Coup plotters executed by Baath party leaders

Saddam led session

1979 Saddam appeared on TV to explain coup plot

1979 Assad protested and demanded to see evidence Syria behind coup plot Sent Foreign Minister and

chief of staff to Baghdad Rebuffed by Saddam Ended unity talks Saddam had opposed unity fearing that it would sideline him and give more power to Bakr

1984 Germany announced restrictions on sale of chemical manufacturing equipment to Iraq after reports

used to make WMD

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1987 Iran launched naval attack upon Iraqi oil terminals in Basra

1988 UN said ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War would start Aug 20 effectively ending the war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Govt began military campaign in southern marshes to wipe out insurgents and anti-govt tribes in area

1990 Iraq announced annexation of Kuwait Ali Hassan al-Majid made PM of Kuwait

Saddam considered this negotiating tactic hoping countries would give him concession to withdraw

1990 Pres Bush said a line had been drawn in the sand at the Saudi-Kuwait border to stop anymore Iraqi

advances

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

1990 Gen Schwarzkopf ordered US Air Force to begin planning air operations against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 2: Operation Desert Storm and the Coalition Liberation of Kuwait 1991)

1991 3rd WMD inspection team arrived in Iraq Baghdad admitted it worked on supergun program

1991 Turkish launched major incursion into Kurdistan against PKK

1995 Govt cut phone lines to other countries Put Republican and Special Republican Guard on alert Put

units on Baghdad streets Saddam Fedayeen put on Jordan-Iraq highway after found out Saddam’s son in law Hussein Kamil defected to Jordan

1995 Iraq claimed Hussein Kamil responsible for hiding WMD programs from UN inspectors after he

defected to Jordan Iraq admitted that it weaponized biological weapons to UN inspectors Hussein Kamil’s defection undermined Iraq’s program to hide its WMD and nuclear programs from UN inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1996 UN agreed to plan for Oil For Food Program

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

2002 House Majority Leader Armey said that if US didn’t have provocation it would not have international

support for action vs Iraq

2002 PUK KDP INC SCIRI met with Def Sec Rumsfeld and advocated for regime change and

talked about postwar governance INC wanted exiles to endorse Chalabi as leader

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2002 UK Asst Head of Foreign Affairs said that Blair govt needed to plan for more than just military action

vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.4 Planning and Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, Mid-2001 to January 2003)

2003 IAEA Found no Iraqi nuclear weapons program after 1991

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 Bush said goal of reconstruction was to give Iraq best infrastructure in Middle East

2004 Arrest warrant for murder issued for one of Saddam’s lawyers

2004 Arrest warrant for Ahmed Chalabi for counterfeiting dinars and nephew Salim Chalabi for murder of

Fin Min official

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2005 Saddam fired his entire legal team at his trial

2005 Constitutional committee ended its work Negotiations over final draft began within leadership council

of committee Shiite and Kurdish members of constitution committee made more changes to constitution with Sunnis often excluded

(Musings On Iraq How Faults With Iraq’s Constitution Undermines The Country, Interview with Constitutional Scholar Zaid Al-Ali)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2006 Meeting Marine Expeditionary Force I Cmdr Gen Zilmer Ramadi Cmdr Col MacFarland and others

Said Battle for Ramadi in trouble Outposts surrounded and forces largely consigned to protecting them rather than counterinsurgency operations

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2007 2 studies found Saudis accounted for largest percentage of suicide bombers in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 US said that militias becoming larger threat to US forces in Iraq 99 EFP attacks upon US forces

            in July 07 73% of US casualties in Baghdad in July due to militias Militias received EFPs from Iran

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Report UN survey found only 4% of Iraqi refugees wanted to return to Iraq Was down from 14% in

Nov 2007 Were concerned with security

(Musings On Iraq Few Iraqi Refugees Want To Return)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Over 100 Iraqi and international NGOs signed petition saying PM Maliki should stop his policy to get

refugees to return to Iraq Said could destabilize country Still violence Lack of services

2008 Sadr statement said that Mahdi Army was going to join new social group Mumahidoon and focus

            on education

2008 Report Thar Allah formed in Basra Oct 03 Connected to Basra police intel Started by killing

Baathists Thar Allah head ran in Jan 05 Basra elections with ISCI Thar Allah head became commander in police UK Created Special Ops Dept in Basra Police Run by Badr that also killed and imprisoned Baathists 05 Thar Allah Badr Mahdi Army went after professionals unionists secularists in Basra Oct 05 UK raided Thar Allah HQ Found 50 prisoners in secret prison Thar Allah members confessed to rapes robberies assassinations extortion Was backed by Iran Feb 07 Thar Allah head named Basra dep governor Apr 08 made head of security comm Basra council Thar Allah head arrested during Charge of Knights

2009 KRG election results Barzani won 69.6% of votes for president Kurdsitan List (KDP-PUK)

won 59 seats in KRG parliament Gorran 25 seats Reform and Services list 13 seats

2012 Report Central Bank of Iraq said foreign exchange companies used to launder money and smuggle

money out of Iraq Said high level politicians involved Main goal to smuggle dollars to other countries Use fake docs to buy dollars at Central Bank auctions

2012 Report May 2010 Fallujah Hospital found 15% of births had defects Dec 2010 study found birth

defects in Fallujah at unprecedented numbers Fallujah blamed U.S. but not causal connection

2013 Head of Ninewa council hit by IED planted by ISI

2014 Obama authorized air strikes against IS in Iraq Were limited to Ninewa and Irbil to stop attacks on

Yazidis

(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

(Musings On Iraq review Airpower in the War Against ISIS)

2014 Report ISF overwhelmed by new recruits Got little training and sent to front 150 men sent to Tal

Afar without having fired their weapons General said they weren’t fit for fighting

2014 Peshmerga withdrew from Jalalwa Diyala Area would trade hands several times in following days

2015 PM Abadi proposed reform program of fighting corruption broadening tax base improving

services dismissing VPs and Dep PMs in response to protests Most moves were actually to cut costs during budget crisis Plan had no details on how to achieve goals

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2017 Report Sayid Shuhada brigade went 14km into Syria Didn’t tell Abadi govt about op Hit by IS

artillery Suffered 80 casualties

2018 Sit in continued in Muthanna Sit-in outside West Qurna 1 ended after meeting with local officials

who promised demands would be met March in north Muthanna

2019 Human Rights Commission said 7,663 people disappeared by political parties and

Hashd during war vs IS

2019 Hashd official appointed inspector general of Defense Ministry

2020 Sadrists joined protest in Nasiriya demanding justice for general who ordered killing of

demonstrators Activists tried to stop them from raising pictures of Sadr Demonstrators started chanting against Sadr and other leaders

2021 Iraq accused Iran of cutting water on Sirwan and Karun Rivers Water Minister said caused

water shortage in Diyala and lowered level on Shatt al-Arab

2021 Activist shot in Wasit in assassination attempt

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

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