Wednesday, August 17, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 17 PM Sulaiman resigned over threat of military revolt by Pan-Arab officers



1920 Ex-Ottoman Iraqi officers asked Shiite clergy for money Were rejected by Sayid Tabikh who called

the officers mercenaries

1920 UK High Commissioner in Iraq Wilson said UK wanted good relations with religious leaders and to

stop 1920 Revolt before Iraqis eventually lost Imam Isfahani of Najaf replied if UK continued with current policy would be more fighting

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Surviving Assyrian women and children from Sumail sent to Dohuk and then Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1937 PM Sulaiman resigned over threat of military revolt by Mosul Garrison cmdr Gen Umari

Pan-Arab officers thought govt had too many Kurds and Turks and not anti-imperialist Gave rise to Circle of Seven officers that dominated Iraqi politics until WWII

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1937 Jamil al-Midfai became PM for 3rd of 5 times in deal with pan-Arab officers Gen Fawzi

became army chief of staff Promised to follow pan-Arabism Support Arab nationalist officers End talks with Persia over Shatt al-Arab Midfai named Col Najib Defense Minister which angered pan-Arab officers Najib promoted Iraqi nationalist officers Midfai wanted to exonerate deposed Sulaiman govt Nuri al-Said wanted them punished Began plotting with army against Midfai Gave rise to Circle of Seven officers that dominated Iraqi politics until WWII

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

1973 Progressive National Patriotic Front announced between Baath Communists and KDP

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1987 Iraq told UN it wouldn’t accept any changes to Resolution 598 that proposed ceasefire in Iran-Iraq


(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq began withdrawing from disputed areas of Iran and released Iranian prisoners held since Iran-

            Iraq War

1990 Speaker Salah said foreign hostages would be placed at factories and military

installations as human shields

1995 Iraq told inspectors after 1991 Kuwait invasion Iraq had placed biological weapons into 166 bombs

and 25 missile warheads Didn’t provide any docs which led to complaints by inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1996 PUK attacked KDP positions in Haj Umran near Iranian border State Dept tried to mediate telling

Barzani should talk with Talabani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1996 Barzani told State Dept Iran needed to back out of Kurdistan and without U.S. help he would turn to


2000 Iraq reopened Saddam International Airport to get around UN sanctions

2001 US Energy Dep report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not

centrifuges Said tubes didn’t match design for any operating centrifuges Refuted CIA who said tubes would work for 1950s German centrifuge design

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2001 US Energy Dept report said Iraq trying to buy magnets and other moves showed that Iraq restarted

its centrifuge program to enrich uranium Didn’t know if nuke program restarted

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Pentagon memo argued against State suggestion that US would have to run Iraq after invasion State

didn’t think Iraqi exiles could run Iraq Pentagon agreed exiles had problems but US had to push them to prepare for the challenge Rejected a US occupation Said Iraq should be like invasion of France in WWII when US fought with French forces to liberate their country Said were many bad elements in Iraq like radical Shiites communists Wahabis Al Qaeda that could fill vacuum after war so US had to put exiles into power

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2002 Iraq intelligence issued order to keep an eye out for Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review ISIS Inside The Army of Terror, Revised & Updated)

2002 CIA made 1st paper explaining assessment of aluminum tubes Said they were for nuclear program

Said high specifications showed they were for centrifuges Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 CPA told White House if didn’t get additional $20.3 bil would be disaster for Bush’s plans for Iraq

2003 Water pipeline in Rusafa Baghdad hit with RGP knocking out water for 2 days for 300,000 people

2003 US forces killed Reuters reporter outside Abu Ghraib prison Said camera looked like an RPG

2004 Allawi govt offered amnesty and role in govt to Sadr in return for ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf

2004 NSC meeting discussed US attacking Imam Ali Shrine in Najaf and possibly killing Sadr 2nd Battle

of Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2006 Bush held national security meeting to rethink Iraq strategy Bush told staff Iraq policy going bad

and wanted new one

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Iraqis may not be up to task of securing Baghdad

2006 US Marine report Starting Dec 05 Al Qaeda in Iraq started marginalizing and co-opting other

insurgent groups Was mad so many insurgents backed Dec 05 elections Wanted revenge

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Report 80% of insurgent attacks against Coalition 80% of casualties were Iraqi civilians Car bombs

and IEDs doubled from 2004 to 2005

2008 PM Maliki admitted that Op Mother of Two Rivers in Mosul failed to improve security Blamed

citizens for not cooperating with govt Govt never provided $100 mil in reconstruction after op

(Musings On Iraq Back To Mosul)

2008 Report Oil Min gave up plan for quick deals with oil companies after talks failed Wouldn’t be until

            summer 09 when contracts made

(Musings On Iraq Criticism of Iraq’s Oil Policy)
2008 Report Interior Min didn’t provide spare parts to police in Ramadi Had to salvage pieces from

broken vehicles Part of lack of procurement accounting maintenance budgeting within govt

2009 PM Maliki visited Syria and promoted closer ties between the two Also talked about Syrian

support for insurgency Asked Assad to turn over 179 insurgents

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

2010 ISI suicide bomber hit army recruits in Baghdad killing 60

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 Iraqi parliament oil committee submitted draft of new oil law Never passed

2011 Dep PM Shahristani questioned by parliament over electricity shortages Shahristani who was in

charge of energy file denied any responsibility for problems

2012 VP Biden called PM Maliki about Iran flying military supplies to Syria over Iraqi airspace

2013 Parliament’s oil committee said Oil Min wouldn’t reach goal of 4 mil/bar/day in oil production by

2013 because of deteriorating infrastructure Was right

2013 Report After bombing in Baghdad Interior Min claimed only 2 people killed Actually over 3 dozen

killed and over 100 wounded

2014 Report Iranian Revolutionary Guards in Khanaqin Diyala assisting PUK peshmerga against IS

2014 Report When IS took Kojo in Sinjar Ninewa told Yazidis they had 48 hrs to convert to Islam or die

Were given 3 extra days Then massacred 80-100 men killed Women taken away to become IS wives Yazidis accused Peshmerga of abandoning them KDP tried to co-opt Yazidis through patronage When Mosul fell Yazidis wanted to leave KDP pushed them to stay Threatened to cut salaries if left KDP said it would protect Yazidis from IS Ended up fleeing and left Yazidis behind Yazidis blamed some in Shammar tribe of helping IS

2014 Babil Ops Command claimed insurgents surrounded in Jurf al-Sakr Said district fully under ISF

control Was declared freed 3 times already

2014 Peshmerga freed Tilkaif and Bataniya outside of Mosul and Islahi in Khanaqin Dist Diyala Secured

Mosul Dam ISF secured Shamiya area of Ramadi dist Anbar

2015 Judicial Council rejected call for Chief Justice Medhat to resign

2015 KRG Judicial Council extended Pres Barzani’s term for another 2 years Gorran called move


(Musings On Iraq Crisis Over Iraq’s Kurdish Presidency Favors Barzani)

2015 State of Law threatened to boycott parliament if Maliki’s name not taken off investigation

that blamed him for fall of Mosul Mutahidun rejected investigation as well because it blamed ex-Ninewa Gov Nujafi Report sent to judiciary but nothing done

2016 6th café bombed in Basra city All had hired female waiters Religious parties suspected of

responsibility Came after Sadr called for boycott of cafes that employed women

2017 PM Abadi’s office acknowledged that Emergency Response Division unit committed abuses

reported in Der Spiegel during Mosul campaign Govt ran info campaign to discredit Der Spiegel over story

(Musings On Iraq on Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch called for investigation into Der Spiegel article)

(Musings On Iraq ABC News had follow up to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq Toronto Star added more to story about abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq reactions to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Joint Operations Command attacked Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

2017 Iraqi authorities announced members of Emergency Response Division were sent to court No         specifics given Nothing happened

2017 Iraqi court ruled that Kurdish flag be lowered from government buildings in Kirkuk Governor Najm

rejected ruling

2017 PM Abadi said he would launch anti-corruption campaign after IS defeated and take people

to court Didn’t happen

2017 KRG referendum delegation met with National Alliance in Baghdad Said open to delaying


2018 Protests in Karbala Najaf Qadisiya Basra Baghdad for jobs services against corruption

2020 PM Kazemi fired Basra police chief after protest activist assassinated

2020 3 Protest activists escaped assassination attempt in Basra City when car shot at Part of

intimidation campaign vs demonstrators

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Protesters attacked Basra governor’s house and tried to burn it after activist assassinated and

three others escaped assassination attempt

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

2020 Protests on going in Sulaymaniya Security forces shut down main bazaar in Dohuk to stop

them Was over not being paid govt salaries KRG in financial crisis over budget dispute with Baghdad and bad decisions on oil

2020 Report Baghdad and KRG agreed on revenue sharing KRG would provide % of tariffs rather

than oil exports in exchange for monthly budget payments from Baghdad Didn’t happen

2020 Report KRG said it wouldn’t pay oil companies in Kurdistan until 2021 unless oil prices rose above

$50 per barrel

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