Monday, August 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 1 1st pilots trained for Iraqi Air Force


 

1921 Gertrude Bell wrote US diplomat that England carried King Faisal on its shoulders into power

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1928 1st Iraqi students sent to Royal Air Force college in England for training to form first pilots of

Royal Iraqi Air Force

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1958 Gen Qasim announced Popular Resistance Force as popular militia to support govt Communists took

over organization and went after pan-Arabists

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1963 Army took Zebar during Barzani revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1979 22 coup plotters sentenced to death 33 others given prison time

1982 Iran made final attack in Basra as part of Op Ramadan Failed

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1982 Dawa bombed Planning Ministry in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1990 Iraq walked out on talks with Kuwait held in Saudi Arabia Kuwait offered to cancel Iraq’s oil debts

worth $14-$15 bil and lease Werba Island Kuwait and Saudis offered to pay $10 bil to Iraq for ending dispute Iraq said no and demanded $27 bil

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Revolutionary Command Council and Regional Command met to hear about meeting with Kuwait

No progress Invasion order given

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1990 US intelligence found Iraq moved divisions within 3 miles of Kuwait border

1990 Chief DIA analyst for Middle East believed Iraq would invade Kuwait CIA thought invasion

imminent

1990 Pentagon meeting Agreed Iraq would not invade Kuwait Joint Chiefs head Powell said since Iraq

totalitarian govt and US didn’t have any good intel inside regime couldn’t tell Saddam’s intentions Thought deploying troops posturing by Baghdad and not for an invasion Def Sec Cheney said couldn’t tell whether Iraq meant to pressure Kuwait or use military force

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

1990 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf told Def Sec Cheney and Joint Chiefs staff Iraq was

            going to invade Kuwait

1990 NSC Deputies Committee decided Iraq was going to invade Kuwait after artillery units detected

Committee said Bush should send Saddam warning not to invade Kuwait

1990 NSC’s Haas convinced Natl Sec Adv Scowcroft to talk to Bush about warning Saddam not to

invade Kuwait

1990 NSC’s Haas and NatlSecAdv Scowcroft convinced Bush to call Saddam to warn him about invading

Kuwait Then got news of invasion

1990 Egyptian intelligence said Iraqi invasion of Kuwait imminent

2001 NSC meeting Sec Def Rumsfeld presented plan for US to back Iraqi opposition and possible

military action Included backing INC’s revolt plan

2002 Senate Foreign Relations Committee began hearings on possible postwar Iraq scenarios Senator

Biden warned that unless US gained international support it could spend $70-$80 bil rebuilding Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Iraq invited Chief UN Inspector Blix to Baghdad for talks about new inspection regime

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 CIA made 1st paper explaining assessment of aluminum tubes Said they were for nuclear program

Said high specifications showed they were for centrifuges Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 Clinton’s National Security Adviser Sandy Berger OpEd in Washington Post said just because US

could overthrow Iraq didn't mean it should do it Berger said power did not mean legitimacy

2003 CIA Iraq station chief showed Bremer document from Saddam’s secret police calling for

sabotage looting ambushes Suggested Saddam planned insurgency Later proven false Was for guerrilla tactics against invasion

(Musings On Iraq Did Saddam Plan The Insurgency In Iraq?)

2003 New US training program to rebuild Iraq’s army began

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 12 Reconstructing Iraqi Security Forces)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2003 After trip to Iraq DepDefSec Wolfowitz said most Iraqis glad US liberated them from Saddam

Said US commanders rejected more troops to help secure Iraq Said Iraq could pay for its own reconstruction using oil and frozen assets Said invading Iraq was crucial to fight international terrorism Said invasion of Iraq and creating democracy could be start of transforming entire Middle East

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed 6 churches in Baghdad and Mosul 12 killed 71 wounded

2005 Battle of Haditha began

2005 Oil Minister Uloom announced gas cooking gas and kerosene rationing to ease to help with

shortages

2005 Constitution commission said it was deadlocked because didn’t have authority to make major

decisions

(Musings On Iraq How Faults With Iraq’s Constitution Undermines The Country, Interview with Constitutional Scholar Zaid Al-Ali)

2005 Ex-CIA officer claimed spring 01 received intelligence that Iraq had ended its uranium enrichment

program years ago

2007 Iraqi Accordance Front withdrew 6 ministers from cabinet claiming PM Maliki was excluding them

from govt that PM was sectarian and no reconciliation

(Musings On Iraq Sunni Accordance Front Returns To Maliki’s Government Amidst Recriminations and Challenges)

2007 US intel report Iraq polarized State and ISF weak Increased extremism US needed to increase ISF

loyal to govt Sectarian politics likely to continue Iraqi elite unlikely to agree upon reconciliation Shiites insecure about holding power Led to mistrust and lack of reconciliation Many Sunnis didn’t accept minority status Sunnis thought Shiites Iranian tools ISF short on equipment and couldn’t handle security

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2007 US Govt Accountability Office found Pentagon couldn’t account for $19.2 bil worth of equipment it

gave to ISF Pentagon also said it only delivered 1/3 of equipment meant for Iraqi army and less than half of equipment for police

2007 Saudi Prince Faisal said Saudi delegation would go to Baghdad to talk about re-

opening embassy that had been closed since 1990 Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2008 PM Maliki issued one month ultimatum for squatters to vacate houses Part of govt plan to get

displaced to return by kicking out people living in their homes

2008 Kurdish parties in Kirkuk asked for KRG to annex province as symbolic protest of provincial

election law that included power sharing in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Come Out Swinging)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 PM Maliki offered Musawiya tribe limited autonomy in return for joining Tribal Support Councils

2010 Report Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction investigated 54 projects Found 25%

were not completed or not maintained by Iraqis

2012 Russia’s Gazprom signed deal for 2 oil blocks in KRG Russia’s Bashneft and UK’s Premier Oil

signed deal with Oil Ministry for 1 block

2012 KRG said it would restart oil exports for Baghdad to try to get a new revenue deal with the central

govt

2012 Baghdad blacklisted France’s Total for singing 2 oil deals with KRG

2012 ISI attacked Taji prison Tried to break its members out to help rebuilding group

2012 Maliki govt had highest casualty figures since Aug 2010 Reported 325 killed 697 wounded Govt

underreported casualties to claim security improved Sign that ISI was returning

2013 Dep PM Shahristani admitted to corruption in electricity industry Said companies were ripping off

govt Claimed it was part of a foreign plot against Iraq

2014 IS set deadline for women to follow Islamic dress code in Sadiya Diyala Burned 3 hair salons in area

Also killed 7 Naqshibandi in dispute to control area

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report KRG paid $75,000 day to keep 3 tankers with its oil out to sea Baghdad threatened buyers

with legal action Led ships to stay at sea US’s Lyndell Basell said it wouldn’t buy anymore KRG oil Was largest buyer in US 1 tanker wen tto Texas US court said to seize the boat Sat in intl waters in Gulf of Mexico 1 tanker in South China Sea offloaded some of its oil to another tank to get around legal problems Meant sold for low price KRG spent est $5 mil on 3 tankers so far

2014 Reports Hezbollah commander killed in Iraq end of Jul in Ninewa Hezbollah sent advisors to help

Iraq vs IS Eset 250-500 Hezbollah advisers in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 Golden Div Army Federal Police volunteers launched new op to clear Jurf al-Sakhr Diyala Day after

district declared freed for 3rd time

2015 Protests in Basra and Karbala over lack of electricity and services PM Abadi announced 4 day

holiday due to rising temperatures

2015 KRG said PKK should leave Kurdistan Also called for PKK-Turkey peace talks to resume

2016 Def Min Obeidi accused senior MPs of corruption Accused Speaker Jabouri and Solution

bloc head Karbuli of corruption in armaments and HUMVEE contracts Also accused MPs of appointing officers in army

2016 Anbar councilman said 70% of Ramadi infrastructure destroyed Said Anbar didn’t have

much budget to pay for it

2017 Report Towards end of Mosul Battle Hashd got into argument with PM Abadi and stopped op

to clear Iraq-Syrian border in Anbar Army was supposed to complete op but didn’t Clearing border put on hold

2017 Ninewa govt said 85% of infrastructure and govt buildings in WMosul destroyed 65-70% in

EMosul Old City over 90%

2018 Protests in Dhi Qar Basra Muthanna Najaf 4th day of sit in protest in Muthanna

2018 Auditing report done by private firm released by KRG After expenses KRG earned $3.8 bil

last 6 months of 2017 Same time advanced $83.8 bil by oil traders for future oil exports Sold its oil for below market price

2018 Regiment of Saraya al-Salam arrived in Dujail to help tribes against Asaib Ahl Al-Haq 3

sheikhs kidnapped at checkpoint Were killed Salahaddin governor attacked Asaib Ahl Al-Haq for deaths

2019 Report Hashd wanted to create its own command center PM Abadi and PM Abdul

Mahdi said no Wanted to create military academy

2019 Report Pro-Iran Hashd made demands of PM Abdul Mahdi to follow his executive

order Said Peshmerga had to be treated the same as Hashd Law had to be passed to remove US forces Hashd needed representation within security and military institutions Hashd never followed executive order

2019 Report Iraqis and companies linked to Iran used Central Bank of Iraq auctions to get

around US sanctions Used middlemen to buy dollars then sent to Iran using money exchanges

2019 Report Iran moved some of its armaments like missiles to Iraq after Israeli air strikes

upon pro-Iran groups in Syria

2020 Protests in Wasit Basra Dhi Qar Basra Video posted of teen arrested by ISF and beaten and

tortured for protesting

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Report Lukoil ExxonMobile BP tried to divest from oil investments in Iraq Part of majors

leaving Iraq due to red tape lack of infrastructure etc

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This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 12 1920 Revolt spread to Fallujah During Saddam govt claimed this was start of revolt

(Shia Waves)   1919 Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George saying were too many troops in Mesopotamia that could crush its finances ( Musings O...