Sunday, July 31, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 31 Foreign companies divided up Iraq’s petroleum concession



1918 UK oil expert Adm Slade wrote 1st Lord of the Admiralty Sir Geddes that UK should seize as much oil

as possible which included fields in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1924 MP Chalabi rejected quotas in new parliament for minorities claiming everyone would be


1928 Red Line Agreement allowed British Dutch French US Turkish oil companies to jointly control

Turkish Petroleum Company Would lead to Iraq Petroleum Company

1968 Pres Bakr said that 1968 coup was an extension of the 1958 coup

1982 Iraq claimed it crushed Iranian Op Ramadan to seize Basra Retook most lost territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1983 Iraqi army took 8,000 men from Barzani clan and executed them Retaliation for KDP taking part in

recent Iranian offensive in Kurdistan

1986 Iraqi air force launched most devastating attack upon Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port Knocked

out its ability to load tankers Let Iranians off the hook by not attacking again

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 King Fahd and Pres Mubarak tried to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait Saddam told

Saudis nothing serious would happen with Kuwait

1990 Kuwait emir told his representative to not give into any Iraqi demands at meeting in Saudi Arabia

between 2 nations

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Saddam’s deputy Izzat al-Duri said that Kuwait was driving Iraq to kill it after rejected all of Iraq’s


(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 AsstSecState Kelly told House US had no defense treaty with Gulf States and didn’t take position on

border disputes or OPEC Said US would be concerned if Iraq invaded Kuwait but had no treaties with it

1990 Pentagon said it was committed to individual and collective defense of its allies in the Gulf

1990 Iraqi commanders told of Kuwait invasion plan

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

1990 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf warned White House Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

1990 US told Saudis and Kuwaitis that Iraq had issued ammunition to troops along Kuwait


2002 Iraq Foreign Minister Sabri said Baghdad rejected return of UN inspectors Said they would just

collect intel for US strikes

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Bush said US goal was regime change but denied any war plans were on his desk Part of strategy to

work on war plans while publicly denying it

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2002 Senate Foreign Relations Comm began hearing on Iraq invasion

2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Senate Comm time helped Saddam erode sanctions and spread terrorism

2002 NSA had drill on Iraq Found it had little signals intel on country

2002 Report Iraq working on nuclear program quoted fmr UN inspector Kay and INC defectors Hamza and

Haideri May 02 Haideri labeled fabricator by DIA

2002 INC defector ex-nuke scientist Hamza testified to Senate Foreign Relations Comm claiming Iraq only

lacked uranium to build nuke bomb in 1994

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie interviewed on CNN Said Bush was going to invade Iraq because of

WMD and its ties to terrorism including 9/11 Accused CIA of covering up Iraq’s involvement in 9/11

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2003 Sadr announced 10,000 man Islamic army being formed in Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2003 Report several Iraqi scientists interviewed by US said Saddam had not restarted its nuclear or WMD


2003 National Sec Adv Rice said international intel agencies all agreed with US that Iraq had WMD US

would prove right that Saddam was threat to world

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 US forces found Iraqi jets buried at Taqadum airbase west of Baghdad Helped explain why Iraqi air

force didn't fight during invasion

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t The Iraqi Air Force Fight During The 2003 Invasion?)

2003 Report White House official said wasn’t strong evidence that Iraq involved in 9/11

2004 US arrested Sadrist Sheikh Hasnawi in Karbala Mahdi Army kidnapped police in Najaf in response

2006 Displacement Min said 182,154 had been displaced since Askari shrine bombing in Feb 2006

2006 Police in 15 SUVs kidnapped 25 people from Iraqi American Chamber of Commerce and Rawi

telephone company in central Baghdad Never seen again

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Iraqi Health Min and Baghdad Morgue reported avg 110 Iraqis killed per day in July Mostly at hands

of militias and death squads rather than insurgents

2007 VP Cheney said that he was wrong when he said insurgency in its last throes in 2005 Said that

benchmarks didn’t reduce violence and insurgency stronger than he thought

2007 2/3 of US casualties in Iraq were caused by militias in July

2008 US and Iraq missed deadline to sign Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq US wanted residual military

force to stay in Iraq after official withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Missed Deadlines)

2008 Kirkuk council threatened to annex province to Kurdistan

2008 Police shut down Sahwa group in Kut Wasit Formed political party to run in 2009 elections PM

Maliki opposed US creating Sahwa in Shiite areas seeing them as threat to his base

(Musings On Iraq Recent Government And Sons of Iraq Relations)

2012 France’s Total signed contracts for two oil blocks in KRG to work with Marathon Oil Ignored warnings from Baghdad Already had contract with Baghdad for Halfaya oil field Total said KRG gave better terms than Baghdad

2012 Electricity Min said power problems would be solved by end of 2013 Didn’t happen

2013 Report ISI had recovered Launched 45 mass casualty attacks per month with regular multi-city

bombings Tribes along Syrian border signed non-aggression pacts with ISI US withdrawal helped group

2013 Report Increase in voters in Dohuk and Irbil but decrease in names on voter lists KRG parliament

said last 12 yrs 180,000 died but only 440 names removed from voter roles PUK complained about 10,000 dead people voting 39 MPs asked for 94,000 repeated names to be taken off voter lists Election Comm said they weren’t repeats but people with same names

2014 Report 200 Iranian soldiers entered Sulaymaniya on way to Kirkuk Assisted by PUK Were there to

help against IS

2014 Report Hashd had hit lists of IS suspects in Diyala who they wanted to assassinate One man arrested

and body strung up on pole along with 14 other bodies Police officer in Baquba said police share info with Hashd

2014 Babil Ops Command claimed secured Jurf al-Sakhr dist 3rd time declared freed It wasn’t

2014 Report IS infiltrated back into Jalawla sub-dist NEDiyala after Peshmerga cleared area

2014 Human Rights Watch Hashd detaining and executing Sunni civilians in Baghdad Diyala Babil

Documented 61 killings from Jun to start of Jul 48 killed Mar-Apr Mass executions in Hilla Babil and Muqdadiya Diyala Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed for many killings As security deteriorated PM Maliki turned to Hashd Mar Maliki met with advisers and said new security force made up of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Kataib Hezbollah Badr was operating in Baghdad

2015 Protest in Baghdad Basra Najaf over lack of electricity Called for Electricity Min to step down

2015 Report Went with Asaib Ahl Al-Haq unit in Baiji Salahaddin Asaib Ahl Al-Haq attacking area from

south Kataib Hezbollah from north Army not involved Asaib unit just returned from Syria Asaib commander criticized army Said it had no leadership or spirit to fight Said war was between Sunnis and Shiites and army had no place Blamed army for losing Baiji refinery to IS Badr’s Amiri told US Amb he didn’t want US air strikes because they would target Hashd Said Hashd would not disarm after war Would be third force along with army and police

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 Sadr’s Saraya al-Salam fought Jaish al-Moumal breakaway faction in west Baghdad 1 dead

13 wounded Group broke away after gained support of Maliki Was against Sadr joining protests Wanted to be more involved in Syria

2016 Human Rights Watch Badr Kataib Hezbollah Federal Police beat hundreds of displaced

Sunni men during Fallujah op Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Jund al-Imam rounded up families fleeing Jazeera Salahaddin and put them in warehouse in Tikrit 1 report groups executed men in families After IS bombed café in Diyala in Jan Badr and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq attacked civilians in town Badr Ali Akbar Brigades Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Saraya Khorasan Jund al-Imam looted and destroyed homes in Dour Ajeel parts of Tikrit Mar-Apr 2015 Sunni Hashd destroyed property in Alam Salahddin in 2015 Apr 2015 Hashd and Federal Police executed people in Tikrit Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq accused of taking away 160 people from Dour Salahaddin Never seen again Oct 2014 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Badr Saraya Khorasan Kataib Hezbollah destroyed around 30 villages around Amerli Salahaddin Also kidnapped Sunnis from Amerli

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

2016 Report Sadr tried to join Baghdad protest movement in Jul

2017 Report Saudis attempting new role in Iraq to counter Iran Saudis decided just backing Sunni

parties failed Wanted to back Shiites not aligned with Iran Saudis wanted to restore diplomatic relations open border ease religious and media rhetoric on Iraq Reached out to Sadr

2017 16 families fled Qara Tapa in NEDiyala after threats by IS

2018 Human Rights Watch report No due process in Iraqi legal system Judges ignored torture allegations in

cases even after asked for report and told signs of torture present Torture banned in constitution

2018 PM Abadi said he would meet demands of protesters Said govt would publish names of officials sent

to Integrity Comm for corruption

2018 Sit-in protest in Muthanna and Burjisiya oil field in Basra for 3rd day Sit in protests outside West

Qurna 1 oil field and Basra council building broken up by ISF Protests in Baghdad Dhi Qar Qadisiyah

2018 Iraq Human Rights Commission said protesters beaten and tortured after arrest and reporters attacked

for covering demonstrations 1 shot

2018 Peshmerga Min Sinjari held ceremony for PUK’s 70 Unit and KDP’s 70 Unit to unify under

ministry Didn’t happen

2018 PUK said Iraqi presidency was exclusively for it and wouldn’t talk about changing it

2019 Report Israeli defense official said Iranian presence in Iraq was a threat Said Iran

moving missiles into Iraq that could reach Israel

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2019 Report Hashd took over scrap metal business in Mosul Earned millions Hashd denied

story Hashd also taken over businesses around Fallujah

2019 Report Court issued warrant for commander of 30th Hashd Brigade in Ninewa

Attacked a judge in court MP said unit tried to assassinate him

2020 Protests in Basra Wasit Dhi Qar over electricity shortages Govt building in Karbala burned

2020 PM Kazemi announced early elections in June Were delayed to October because ruling

parties afraid they would lose power

2021 Activist’s house in Babil bombed and destroyed

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

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