Monday, July 18, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 18 Iran and Iraq agreed to ceasefire in first step in ending Iran-Iraq War

(Britannica)

 

1921 Christian Jewish Muslim notables had meeting at Grad Rabbi’s house in Baghdad Gave

support for Faisal to be king after much lobbying by Gertrude Bell

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1923 UK adv to Interior Ministry wrote new Iraq High Commissioners Henry Dobbs that deporting

cleric Khalisi who opposed parliamentary elections was historic because it set back Persian influence in Iraq and showed power of Mandate

1926 Turkey and England agreed on final border between Iraq and Turkey

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1937 Treaty of Tehran Kept 1913 Constantinople Protocol that gave Shatt al-Arab to Iraq Added

that border between Iran and Iraq ran along the thalweg in the Shatt al-Arab

1948 Iraqi air force ordered to find and destroy 3 Israeli B-17 bombers Couldn’t find them but

            bombed Israeli airfield

1958 Report Eisenhower met with Sec State Dulles and British Foreign Sec Lloyd and they decided

the US and England would not intervene in Iraq to stop the 1958 coup US said Iraq had to respect western oil interests

1958 Gen Qasim withdrew Iraq from Arab Union with Jordan

1958 Gen Qasim gave 1st press conference Said after security established would be elections Never

happened

1958 Nasser said any move against Iraq would be against United Arab Republic Was fear US

would intervene after US sent forces to Lebanon Jul 15 UK sent forces to Jordan Jul 17

1959 Army unit sent from Baghdad to take back control of Kirkuk city from Kurdish Communists

            and KDP Afterward Gen Qasim moved to limit Communist Party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1968 Gen Bakr named President Col Nayif Director of Military Intel and Col Daud Cmdr of Republican

Guard named Prime Minister and Defense Minister Ammash made Interior Minister

1968 7 man Revolutionary Command Council named to run country

1979 Saddam accused Revolutionary Command Council member Mashadi and 4 others of Syrian backed

coup plot Meant to remove Saddam’s opponents

1980 CIA memo said that border clashes pointed to possible war between Iran and Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iran and Iraq agreed upon ceasefire under UN Resolution 598

1988 Soviet UN Amb Vorontsov arrived in Baghdad Sent letter to UN Secretary Gen that Iran would

accept UN Res 598 Said ceasefire would start in Aug

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam moved 3 tank divisions to Iraq-Kuwait border

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Saddam demanded that Kuwait repay for allegedly stealing oil and nullify debt from Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Iraq sent letter to Arab League Accused Kuwait of border violations and stealing $2.4

bil from Rumaila oil field

1990 Tariq Aziz at Arab League called for an Arab Marshall plan to help rebuild Iraq after

Iran-Iraq War

1990 Kuwait cabinet believed Iraq threats were to get it to continue financial aid to Baghdad Thought if

there was military action with Iraq would just be along border

1990 Sec Def Cheney said US would defend Kuwait Pentagon later said press exaggerated his statement

1991 Fighting broke out between army and Kurds in Irbil and Sulaymaniya

1991 UN inspectors formally condemned Iraq for violating agreement over inspections

1991 UN inspectors found hidden Iraqi missile program and destroyed equipment

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1992 Tariq Aziz proposed that experts from non-aligned countries on Security Council inspect

Agriculture Ministry Rejected by UN inspectors Bush threatened military action if inspectors not let in

1998 UN inspectors went to Iraq Air Force HQ Found document showing Iraqis used mustard gas tabun

sarin gas gangrene during Iran-Iraq War in huge quantities Iraqis refused to let inspectors keep the document

2003 Bush said Iraq war due to US and UK intel that Iraq was a clear threat

2003 Pentagon approved CPA’s Vision for Iraq to build a democratic country

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2003 Sadr attacked Iraqi Governing Council as unbelievers Announced that he was creating Mahdi Army

to fight US and British occupation

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 White House answered questions about making Iraq-Africa uranium claim that CIA opposed Tried

to blame CIA for including Iraq-Africa uranium claim in Bush State of the Union

2003 Sr White House official asked about problems with WMD claims in Bush State of Union said

President not a fact checker

2003 Aid to Natl Sec Adv Rice blamed for pushing CIA to allow Iraq-Africa uranium claim into Bush

State of the Union

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2003 6 US soldiers in Fallujah that complained to news about extended tours discharged by White House

2003 Association of Muslim Scholars head Harith al-Dhari said Iraqi Governing Council had a Shiite

majority when Shiites were not the majority in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

2004 Insurgents offered $285,000 reward for anyone that could kill PM Allawi

2005 Ayatollah Sistani said violence in Iraq reaching level of a genocidal war

2005 Meeting on Iraq reconstruction in Jordan said that US rebuilding program failed to provide basic

services

2005 Weekly Standard article claimed Iraq considered bin Laden an intelligence asset in 92 and worked

together in terrorist plots Included conspiracy theory that Iraq behind 1993 World Trade Center bombing All false

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2006 Ayatollah Sistani condemned violence in Iraq

2006 Suicide bomber hit Kufa Najaf near Shiite shrine 45 killed 88 wounded

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey emailed CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid and Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace

Said violence had shifted to Shiite groups attempting to gain control of Sunnis areas in Baghdad Basra Diyala Kirkuk Casey worried change in violence meant US wouldn’t be able to withdraw Casey said as long as US forces in Iraq would be no reconciliation

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2007 US announced it captured ISI Information Min Mashadani who fed disinformation to US

            that ISI front for Al Qaeda and Abu Omar al-Baghdad didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2008 Report US forces tried to shut down Iranian supply networks to militias in Basra Maysan Wasit Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Going After Iran’s Supply Lines In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2008 IOM reported 2.8 mil displaced in Iraq Couldn’t find housing food medical care water services

Many squatting

2009 KRG began producing oil at Khurmala Dome Kirkuk Went to new refinery in Irbil

2010 Oil Min held 2 day conference with 16 oil companies that won contracts for oil fields Companies

complained about lack of infrastructure security red tape Companies could not get personnel into Iraq because of visa delays Couldn’t set up offices because licenses and permits took so long Um Qasr port didn’t have capacity to handle traffic companies needed to bring in equipment Weren’t sure Baghdad would address any of those issues

(Musings On Iraq Oil Companies Voice Their Concerns About Doing Business In Iraq)

2010 3 electricity towers blown up in Anbar Part of insurgent offensive to cut power supply during summer

heat

2010 Suicide bomber killed more than 40 sahwa near Baghdad 3 Awakening killed in suicide

bombing in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 2nd warrant issued for ex-Trade Min Sudani for corruption MP said political pressure to cancel

warrant

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2012 Pres Barzani’s office said PM Maliki acting like an autocrat and encouraging violence

2014 IS said all minorities in Mosul had to convert to Islam pay religious tax or die Started exodus of

Christians from city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

2014 Fighting between IS and Naqshibandi in Sadiya Diyala again 3 houses burned

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 UN IS carried out executions in Ninewa Salahaddin Kirkuk since it seized Mosul in June Included

ISF prisoners clerics civilians

2014 Report Ninewa Gov Nujafi claimed that Naqshibandi running Mosul as most IS left to fight in

Salahaddin Was untrue Claimed insurgents would eventually fight IS Were already fighting and losing to IS Claimed he might be able to work out deal with Naqshibandi IS had hearts and minds campaign in Mosul Took down checkpoints to free traffic Told shops not to sell western clothes Women govt workers told to go home Promised to pay govt workers

(Musings On Iraq review Mosul Under ISIS, Eyewitness Accounts Of Life In The Caliphate)

2015 Basra governor said he would meet demands of protesters by releasing prisoners Replace

electricity director

2015 ISF declared Husaiba Anbar freed 2nd time Wasn’t

(Musings On Iraq Fight For Iraq’s Anbar Continues As Islamic State Launches Massive Car Bomb Campaign)

2016 Report Ruling parties complained about PM Abadi merging ministries Included Human

Rights Women’s Affairs Provincial Affairs Science Environment ministries Meant loss of positions and patronage

2017 PM Abadi acknowledged Iraqi forces had committed human rights violations during Mosul

battle but said they were individual acts and they would be punished Said any abuses committed was either due to ignorance of consequences or working with IS to make govt look bad Said budget for Hashd would be increased and that political parties should not exploit Hashd for their own gain

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 8 Jul 18 2017)

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

2017 PM Abadi rejected UN report that said IS families facing collective punishment with threats

and expulsions

2017 PM Abadi said KRG independence referendum unconstitutional

2018 Protests in Babil Baghdad Basra Activists were talking to Basra govt about demands Govt arrested

and looked for organizers in Baghdad Qadisiya Dhi Qar Najaf while media campaign to discredit them continued

(Musings On Iraq Demonstrations Dwindling Amidst Govt Crackdown In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Silencing Protests In Iraq)

2018 Study of salaries and pensions for govt workers said unsustainable When oil prices increased

govt increased salaries and allowances for its workers World Bank said avg spending 52% of GPD 2005-12 one of highest in Mideast Avg budget for govt workers 31% of total spending 18% of GDP 2005-12 2003 were approx 1.2 mil govt workers 2018 2.89 mil KRG had 682,000 govt workers 33.4% of budget in 2018 Ruling parties and public unwilling to cut govt workers because jobs patronage benefits

2018 Report Govt took down internet to try to stop protests Claimed it was a technical issue and

not on purpose Video showed Asaib Ahl Al-Haq shooting at protesters in Najaf Other Hashd have shot at crowds in Baghdad and Muthanna PM Abadi mobilized ISF to pstop protests in south

2019 US Treasury sanctioned heads of 30th and 50th Hashd Brigades and ex-Ninewa Gov

Sultan and ex-Salahaddin Gov Jabouri for abuses and corruption

2019 Protests in Basra Dhi Qar Diwaniya Baghdad for jobs and services

2021 Protests in Baghdad and Dhi Qar demanding accountability for killers of activists

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