Sunday, July 24, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 24 Treaty of Lusanne said League of Nations would decide whether Mosul vilayet went to Iraq or Turkey

1920 France occupied Syria Defeated King Faisal’s forces leading him to flee Would set sites on

Mesopotamia afterward

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1920 British regiment driven from Kifl during 1920 Revolt after losing 180 men killed and 160

captured

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Sir Percy Cox said 1920 Revolt local affair engineered by outsiders opposed to Mandate

1923 Turkey signed Treaty of Lausanne agreeing to League of Nations deciding future of Mosul Gave up

call for Kurdish independence

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1983 Saddam and Adnan Khairallah went to Kurdistan Khairallah took control of defenses against Iran

1985 Iran started Op Al Quds 4 in southern marshes of Maysan

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 Saddam said unwise to clash with rising Islamism in Arab World but Iraq should be ready to strike

against it if threatened

1986 Saddam decided to reach out to Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan

1990 US military exercise with UAE Spokesman said US committed to defending its friends in the Gulf

Saddam said he felt betrayed by US forces moving through the Persian Gulf

1990 White House said it was concerned about Iraqi troop buildup along Kuwait’s border

1990 State Dept US had no defense treaties or special relationship with Kuwait Did support Gulf States

right to self defense

1990 DIA reported weaknesses in Iraqi logistics meant low chance Iraq would invade Kuwait

1991 Operation Provide Comfort II started to enforce northern fly zone and contain Saddam

1993 Kurds threatened retaliation if Iran didn’t stop shelling of border region trying to hit Iranian Kurdish

groups

1993 Cotton for medical use for Iraq blocked by UK in UN sanctions committee

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

2002 Kurds claimed Iraq coordinating with Ansar al-Islam and Al Qaeda in pre-invasion propaganda

campaign

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)

2003 Spain Foreign Min Palacio said no evidence Iraq had a nuclear bomb program

2004 Zalmay Khalilzad became new US ambassador to Iraq Wanted to defeat insurgency not withdraw

which was existing plan

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2004 500 marched in Sulaymaniya demanding an independent Kurdistan

2005 Allawi’s Iraqiya threatened to boycott constitutional commission because it wasn’t taking seriously

the concerns of Sunni delegation

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2006 Report US 4th Div carried out mass incarcerations abused Iraqi prisoners while stationed in Salahaddin

03-04

2006 Report Inter Min fired all Anbar police during 2004 Battle of Fallujah and police never rebuilt No

police in Rutba Ana Haditha few in Rawa

2006 City wide battle started between Al Qaeda in Iraq ISF and US forces in Ramadi with insurgents

beaten back

2006 Karrada Baghdad attacked by insurgents and forced out most Shiites

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2007 US-Iran held 2nd talks about Iraq US accused Iran of sending weapons and training militias Iran

accused US of occupation

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 US Amb Crocker said insurgency had lost most of its relevancy

(Musings On Iraq Demise of Al Qaeda In Iraq Update)

2008 Female suicide bomber killed Sahwa leader and 7 others 24 wounded in Baquba Part of ISI campaign

vs sahwa

(Musings On Iraq 25th Female Suicide Bomber of 2008)

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Behind The Revival Of The Islamic State in Iraq, Interview With Naval War College Prof Craig Whiteside)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2010 Report Survey in Fallujah found four fold increase in cancer and 12 fold increase in childhood

cancer Doctors blamed 2 battles of Fallujah and U.S. weapons

2010 Report Mosul Dam held less than half its usual amount of water due to cut in supply from

Turkey Used to produce 320 mw of power for Mosul Now produced less than 100 mw and output is erratic

2011 Report Iran Syria Iraq signed agreement to build natural gas pipeline between 3 countries Meant to

supply Iranian gas to Syria Never happened

2012 Iraq blacklisted Chevron from future energy deals over investing in KRG oil

(Musings On Iraq How the New Chevron Deal Affects Oil Dispute Between Iraq’s Central Government And Kurdistan)

2012 Protest in Basra over lack of electricity Blocked streets Threw rocks at govt buildings Broken up by

police firing into air and arrests

(Musings On Iraq Third Straight Year Protests Over Electricity Break Out In Basra)

2012 DNO signed agreement with KRG over money owed KRG owed it for oil shipped in 2009 and

            2010-11

2012 Report State Dept said US trying to stop arms shipments from Iran through Iraq to Syria

2013 Electricity Min Aftan repeated claim that power problems would be solved by end of 2013 after PM

Maliki said they wouldn’t day before Wasn’t solved

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2013 100s protested in Basra Called for PM Maliki to resign because he was responsible for failures in

security and services

2014 PUK’s Fuad Masum elected president of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Pressure Grows On Iraq’s Premier Maliki To Give Up On A Third Term)

2014 IS attacked State Company for Pharmaceutical Supplies in Ninewa to capture bomb supplies

2014 Report Hashd threatening and forcing Sunnis out of Baghdad

2014 Jalawla Dir in Diyala said Peshmerga had cleared 2 districts Only able to hold areas for 2 hours and

then left because ran out of ammo 

2014 Report IS forcing Shiite Turkmen out of Tal Afar in Ninewa Govt flew 15,000 Turkmen to Baghdad

Najaf Karbala

2014 IS blew up Imam Abdul Oula shrine Aoun al-Din Bin al-Hassan shrine Nabi Younis Shrine Ali al-

Asghir Bin al-Hassan shrine in Mosul

2015 IS making more money from oil than originally estimated Came after US raid in Syria

that found IS papers on finances US originally est IS making $8-$10 mil/month from oil sales New docs showed IS made $40 mil in one month Coalition air strikes tried to destroy business

2016 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq said consequences if Peshmerga took part in Mosul Battle Said Hashd

would take part

2016 KRG said it would not withdraw from areas it took after ISF fled after Mosul fell Defense Min

said part of agreement between US Baghdad Irbil included Peshmerga withdrawing

2016 IS banned Internet in Mosul to try to isolate population from outside world

2017 Ammar Hakim announced he was leaving Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq and forming new Hikma

Party

2017 Protesters in Babil cut Babil-Baghdad highway over lack of water due to drought

2017 Mass grave of 60 bodies found in Old City Mosul Around 40 were ex-police executed by IS 6

mass graves found in Sinjar dist

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 14 Jul 24 2017)

2017 Badr’s Amiri said KRG independence referendum would divide Iraq and lead to civil war

2017 Report Sheikh Bidayri was one of clerics who consulted with Ayatollah Sistani in June 2014

over his fatwa that created Hashd Said Najaf knew fatwa would increase Iran’s role but had no other choice Said Hashd should be disbanded eventually

2017 Hashd spokesman said it would take part in Tal Afar op Said other countries had no say in

matter Reference to Turkey that warned Baghdad not to include Hashd in op

2018 Cabinet said it would form committee to go after corrupt officials in response to protests

Nothing happened

2018 Report When Iraq had high oil prices led to growth in Basra like new business and property prices

Rise in prices marginalized poor who moved into slums Development money often stolen due to corruption Money went to tribes and militias 2013 Basra official said militias controlled 62 floating docks used for oil exports and smuggling 9 security services at ports that demanded bribes and fees 2014 oil prices dropped caused problems for corruption in Basra 2014 more moved to city due to drought straining housing and services Decline in water supply due to Turkish dams Hashd units caused new troubles

2018 IS focused on Diyala Kirkuk Salahaddin Mar 7 kidnappings/murders in 3 provinces 30 in May

83 in Jun IS kidnapping for ransom Lack of coordination between ISF units Based in Hamrin Mts and used it to move back and forth between Diyala and Salahaddin Dep police chief in Salahaddin said IS couldn’t infiltrate cities because lacked support Diyala Ops commander claimed only 75 IS in province

2018 Human Rights Watch Looked at 8 protests in Basra ISF fired live ammo at 6 of them

wounded protesters People beat after arrested Badr guards also shot at protesters and arrested people

2018 Basra govt said PM Abadi’s promise to improve services get foreign companies to hire

more locals improve water hadn’t happened Basra govt offered to hire 10,000 but nothing happened yet

2018 PM Abadi said he had decentralized power to provinces but they couldn’t manage things

2019 Leader in Babylon Brigades said Chaldean patriarch had become tool of US and Israel

after he said Chaldeans should join ISF and Peshmerga rather than Hashd

2020 Report US Justice Dept investigating inflated fuel sales to US military US company

connected to PUK-KDP won contract to deliver jet fuel to airbase in Irbil Dec 2019 Pentagon tried to award 2 other companies to deliver fuel KRG blocked them US consultant company used shell company to help Barzanis buy 2 Beverly Hills mansions for $47 mil plus $2 mil in remodeling 1 mansion occupied by Barzani mistress

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2021 Iraq-Lebanon trade deal signed Iraq would send 1 tons of oil to Lebanon for services which it

couldn’t provide

(Musings On Iraq Iraq-Lebanon Sign Trade Deal That Doesn’t Make Sense)

2021 Azm head Khanjar said had plan to return displaced to Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr but his rivals

stopped it Empty election promise Entire population of Jurf displaced by Kataib Hezbollah that turned it into military base

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