Friday, July 22, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 22 After assuming power Saddam claimed there was a Syrian coup against him and purged the Baath Party of his opponents by having them executed


 

1920 Albu Hassan took Kifil from British 1920 Revolt All of Mid-Euphrates under tribal control

except for Hillah Babil

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 TE Lawrence wrote in London Times UK refused to give Iraq autonomy Said Arabs revolted

against Turks because wanted independence Said Faisal governed Syria for 2 yrs hinting that he might be good for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1923 UK Minister to Tehran arrived in Baghdad to discuss deportation and immigration

of Iraqi opposition figures to Persia Iraqi govt said they could return after parliamentary elections

1929 Iraq High Commissioner Sir Gilbert Clayton said giving Iraq concessions was best way to maintain

good relations with Iraq and bad negotiations would have opposite effect

1931 Shiite leaders told Yasin Hashemi they would back him for PM if they got majority of cabinet posts

1979 Televised session of Baath meeting Former Revolutionary Command Council secretary general

Mashadi claimed there was a Syrian backed coup Said Syria wanted to remove Iraqi leadership so that two countries could unite 66 accused plotters had names read and taken away Party members began praising Saddam Plotters included 5 of 21 from Rev Command Council Former Oil Min Hadithi who helped nationalize Iraq Petroleum Company Adnan Hussein al-Hamdani deputy prime minister and head of president’s office who had been close aide to Saddam Court made up of 7 members of Revolutionary Command Council created to try 66 coup plotters 

1983 Iran’s Op Wa al-Fajr 2 took Piranshahr pass Attacked Haj Omran KDPI HQ and Rayat Mount

Kerman Advanced 10 mi into Iraqi Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq Op Tawakalna ala Allah 4 in Qasr e-Shirin in center and Hoveyzah in south to push Iran

into direct talks Saddam didn’t believe Khomeini committed to UN Res 598 ceasefire Just wanted break and return to war Saddam also wanted one last try at victory in Iran-Iraq War with new offensive Iraqi forces turned back in Kurdistan and Basra but gained 40 mi in Khuzistan province Iran

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Iraq bombed southern rebels killing 30

1992 Report Sep 89 CIA told Sec Sate Baker Iraq working on nuclear bomb Bush admin didn’t put any

limits on tech going to Iraq that could help with program because policy was to improve relations Oct 89 Baker told Iraq’s Foreign Min US would not put any export controls on tech sold to Iraq Nov 89 Baker played leading role in approving $1 bil in food aid to Iraq Some of that money used for weapons

2002 DIA officer told to start making secret intelligence briefings to Rumsfeld on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties based

upon request by Deputy Def Sec Wolfowitz

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 US Energy Dept assessed Iraq trying to buy magnets meeting with scientists Niger uranium story

showed that Iraq restarted nuclear program

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Iraqi Governing Council took office

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11 Restoring

Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review Sectarianism In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Fragments, The Occupation and Its Legacy)

2003 CPA issued 57 page Strategic Plan and Vision for Iraq Was more of a list rather than actual strategy

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 8 – Muddling Through August-October 2003)

2003 U.S. forces killed Saddam’s sons Uday and Qusay Hussein in raid in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

2003 UN report said Iraqis becoming frustrated at US plans for returning sovereignty because would take

too long

2003 Bush speechwriter Gerson found 2 CIA memos from Oct 02 on why Iraq-Niger uranium story

shouldn’t be used in Bush speech Came just after White House blamed CIA Dir Tenet for why Niger story was used in Bush’s Jan 03 State of Union

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2004 Pentagon report acknowledged abuse of Iraqi prisoners including sexual and physical assault and

deaths by US personnel

2004 9/11 report 1994 or 95 Al Qaeda and Iraqi officials met Al Qaeda asked for aid and training camps

Iraq didn’t reply Al Qaeda worked with Ansar al-Islam in Iraqi Kurdistan

2006 1st meeting of National Reconciliation committee with Pres Talabani PM Maliki Sunni and Shiite

            officials Talked about amnesty law

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said PM Maliki took no responsibility for anything Tried to take control of

ISF Casey said Maliki blocked 5 ops in Sadr City to protect Mahdi Army Maliki gave him list of 10 Shiite notables that could not be touched by US Sadr and aides at top of list

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said PM Maliki wanted militias to gain more control over Baghdad Said

Shiite politicians not serious about limiting Mahdi Army or death squads Said US forces clearing areas in Baghdad but Iraqis couldn’t hold them

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said US had no political strategy for Iraq since Dec 05 elections

2006 US Iraq Amb Khalizad said Sunnis and Shiites not accepted each other as equals not willing to

cooperate

2006 NatSecAdv Hadley told Bush US had no security strategy for Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2008 109,087 pardoned under Amnesty Law Govt originally claimed only had 26,000 prisoners

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Amnesty Law)

2008 Parliament passed Election Law that included open list allowing voters to pick parties or candidates

instead of just parties under old law Also included ethnosectarian power sharing in Kirkuk Kurds walked out of session

2009 Report State Dept wanted to cut back staff at US Embassy in Baghdad and end Provincial

Reconstruction Teams Another step back from Iraq by Obama admin

2010 Reuters went to KRG-Iran border crossing Saw oil tankers driving into Iran with refined

oil products after KRG said it would stop Worked for company that had contract with KRG Natural Resource Min KRG said trade legal because wasn’t shipping oil

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Continue With Their Oil Smuggling To Iran)

2010 Report Industry Minister said better security allowed industry to rebuild Said needed $5-$7 bil

Said less than $1 bil had been invested in sector After 2003 99% of factories shut down 2010 over 70% were working but below capacity Ministry controlled 70 state owned enterprises Other ministries controlled another 122 Said weren’t given adequate budgets Was looking for joint ventures but only made 10

2010 Report Insurgents attacking electricity grid during summer offensive Iran-Diyala line Hamrin-

Muqdadiya Baghdad-Haditha lines all taken down

2010 Report New Iranian ambassador Danafar member of Iranian Rev Guard Born in Baghdad 1962

Deported by Saddam for being Persian Joined Badr Then Quds Force Would help form next Iraqi govt

2010 Report When VP Biden came to Iraq in July proposed Maliki remain PM Iraqis criticized him

and Amb Hill for not doing more to try to break deadlock between PM Maliki and Allawi

(Musings On Iraq How Did The United States Do In Iraq? An Interview With Emma Sky)

(Musings On Iraq Former Ambassador Robert Ford Reflects On U.S. Policy Towards Iraq And Syria)

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2011 US said it would not turn over Hezbollah operative Daqduq to Iraqis because afraid he would escape

or be released Acted as liaison between Iran and militias

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Decides To Hold Onto Hezbollah Commander Captured In Iraq In 2007)

2011 Report Private banks struggling in Iraq Poor credit Lack modern banking State run banks dominated

market Most transactions done in cash State run banks held 87% of deposits Private banks only 13% Govt deposited its money into state run banks 09 govt banned dealing with private banks to fight corruption

2012 ISI set off 7 car bombs as start of Breaking Walls Campaign in Mahmudiya Ramadi Mosul Najaf Said

it would target judges 8 would be assassinated by end of 2012

2012 Protest in Basra over lack of electricity

(Musings On Iraq Third Straight Year Protests Over Electricity Break Out In Basra)

2012 KRG Pres Barzani met with Kurdish Syrian National Council Barzani tried to counter PKK influence

in Syria

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Iraqi Kurdistan’s Policy Towards Syria, Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2012 Iraqi Airways said 10,000 Iraqi refugees returned from Syria Were being targeted during Syrian civil

war

2013 ISI issued paper arguing that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was fit to be the next caliph

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2013 Report Kurdish MP said Maliki govt pushing ahead with Russian arms deal but for less money Said

middlemen were taking up to 30% of the money

2014 Naqshibandi rejected IS’s decision to drive Christians out of Mosul Said it believed in brotherhood of

all Iraqis IS gave Christians 24 hrs to leave Mosul Chaldean patriarch said 200,000 Christians had left city

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

2014 IS distributed flyers in Mosul Told Kurds to leave or be killed

2014 Report When locals resisted IS in Alam Salahaddin 30 families were kidnapped and threatened with

death unless town surrendered It did Dhuluiya tribesmen helped police fight IS Govt sent reinforcements forcing IS to withdraw Reinforcements left IS attacked Dhuluiya again Ziwiya fought IS Salahaddin govt and police chief promised help but never came Most of town destroyed

2014 Army said it cleared 4 areas of Hawija Kirkuk Was never cleared IS retreated and returned after ISF

left

2014 PM Maliki met with sheikhs from Anbar Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Promised to support them vs

insurgency

2015 Report Hashd complicated rebuilding ISF after Mosul Most volunteers joined Hashd US

wanted to train 24,000 ISF recruits but only got 9,000 ISF discredited Seen as corrupt Tainted by PM Maliki US support considered a negative Jr officers had to pay $3000 bribes to go to Officer Training Academy

2016 Report Sadr rejected US intervention in Iraq Said US wanted to be savior of Iraq by bringing IS to

Iraq 

2016 Protest in Dhi Qar vs Higher Educ Min Adeeb who wanted to end free education Protest in

Najaf against Electricity Min Protests in Baghdad Diwaniya Maysan Muthanna for reforms

2017 Anbar council voted 3rd and final time to dismiss Governor Rawi on corruption charges

2017 Ayatollah Sistani’s representative during Friday sermon called on ISF to stop extra judicial

killings and abuses of IS suspects Came after 4 videos posted on Facebook of ISF beating and executing IS prisoners in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 12 Jul 22 2017)

2017 Gunfight between Ninewa Guards and Kataib Sayid al-Shuhada in Mosul Army called in to

stop fighting Sayid al-Shuhada demanded that Guards leave area or suffer retaliation

2017 Ex-Ninewa Gov Nujafi attacked VP Maliki for blaming him for fall of Mosul Nujafi said

Maliki responsible

2017 PUK politburo member called for KRG independence referendum to be postponed Said all

gains by Kurds would be overturned if vote held

2017 Interior Min Araji said Saudi Arabia agreed to work on security drug trafficking border control

and religious pilgrims

2017 PM Abadi met with Hashd leaders Said state had to control security Badr’s Amiri and Harakt

al-Nujaba’s Kaabi rejected any accusations of abuse by Hashd

2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Qadisiya Wasit for jobs water electricity Dhi Qar and Muthanna

demonstrators called for governor to step down PM Abadi said he needed more time to meet demands of protesters so soon after war vs IS ended

2018 Communications Minister said govt had blocked certain websites because they were being abused by

demonstrators

(Musings On Iraq Silencing Protests In Iraq)

2018 Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said ISF making arrested protesters sign pledges not to

demonstrate again in order to be released from jail

2018 ISF held 10th operation to clear Metibija Salahaddin IS fled when ISF moved in and then returned

afterward

2019 Human Rights Watch 2018 water crisis in Basra 118,000 hospitalized due to contaminated water

Health Min said there was no problem End of Aug Basra Health Dir stormed by protesters Water in Shatt al-Arab decreased leading to sewage pollution salinity in water Were similar water problems in 2009 and 2015 Baghdad failed to deal with causes Govt didn’t tell people about poor water Investigation did nothing Govt did nothing about lower water flows Projects to clean water didn’t happen due to mismanagement and corruption

2020 Report IS moving back and forth across Iraq-Syria border Usually went to Jazeera desert between

Ninewa Salahaddin Anbar and then taken to south Ninewa or Hamrin Mts between Diyala-Salahaddin

2020 Parts of investigation by journalist Hisham al-Hashemi published Hashd ran

checkpoints in Baghdad used to extort money from Sunnis Oil smuggling in Ninewa Looting in Basra and Salahaddin Took over squares garages empty land farmland housing Controlled gravel and sand quarries in Baiji Salahaddin Badr ran Alas and Ajeel oil fields Asaib Ahl Al-Haq ran some major projects including 50 bil sewage project Asaib Ahl Al-Haq charged displaced money to return to their homes in Salahaddin Hashd dismantled part of Baiji refinery and fertilizer factory and sold parts Looted homes in Tikrit and Dour Salahaddin

2021 Report Iraq and Biden admin agreed to withdrawal of US combat troops from Iraq

2021 Interview with fmr Mossad agent Was Kurdish-Jewish Worked in Kurdistan in 1974

Mossad had military advisers and instructors for Kurds for 10 yrs Provided weapons and artillery Coordinated with Shah of Iran Mossad agents would fly to Iran Iranian intel SAVAK would take them to Kurdistan Barzani set up relations with Israel 1970-71 Mossad and Barzani got 1300 Jews out of Iraq Mossad ties to Barzani continued after Iraq-Iran 1975 border agreement that ended Shah’s support 

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