Saturday, July 9, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 9 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri told Zarqawi should include more Iraqis in his group and warned against killing Iraqi civilians which could cost him support

(Getty Images)


1920 UK forces withdrew from Najaf turning over city to rebels who set up their own govt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1948 1st Arab-Israeli War restarted Iraqis took 7 Palestinian villages in Jenin area

1962 Iraqi planes bombed Turkish border post during operation against Mustafa Barzani rebels killing 2

Turkish soldiers

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1963 Soviet Union accused Baath govt of genocide against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1973 Another 36 coup plotters tried including Baath Regional Command members Samarriea and Fadil

and given death sentences

1978 Former Prime Minister after 1968 Baath coup Naif shot in London by Iraqi agents on orders from


1980 Former Shah generals launched failed coup vs Khomeini Iraq blamed

1982 Pres Rafsanjani said Iran would accept peace if 1975 border treaty retained $100 bil in reparations

Saddam tried as war criminal

1988 Iraq recaptured Penjwin 23 mountain peaks in Mawet area of Sulaymaniya Pushed towards Iranian


(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 US Amb to Iraq Glaspie said that US working on releasing 2nd half of $1 bil loan guarantees to


(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1996 UN Sec Council asked US for info about Iraq smuggling to get around sanctions

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1997 KDP accused PUK of breaking ceasefire attacking its positions with help of PKK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks told Congress violence in Iraq meant no US troop withdrawal

anytime soon

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Senate Iraq invasion showed overwhelming force with large ground forces no

longer necessary in war

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter The Invasion of Iraq)

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Congress Iraq was costing US around $3.9 bil a month

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Congress Iraq war wasn't because new evidence about Iraq’s WMD but

because saw Iraq differently after 9/11

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Fmr State Dept Military Intel officer Thielman told Congress US govt misrepresented intel

about Iraq threat

2004 Ex-INC member Zubaidi claimed INC embellished reports of defectors about Iraq’s WMD INC

denied story

2004 Bush said everyone believed Iraq had stocks of WMD and Saddam wanted those WMD


2005 Al Qaeda’s 2nd in command Zawahiri Iraq strategy letter to Zarqawi Wanted to expel US from Iraq

Declare an emirate that would develop into the caliphate Extend jihad to neighboring countries Attack Israel Zawahiri also wanted Zarqawi to include more Iraqis in Al Qaeda in Iraq to not alienate the population Zawahiri also told Zarqawi that continued attacks upon Muslim civilians could cost heart and minds and support

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

(Musings On Iraq The Rise And Rebirth Of The Islamic State Interview With Author Michael Weiss)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review ISIS The State of Terror)

2006 PM Maliki announced Op Together Forward 2 to try to secure Baghdad again Failed in days ISF

actively involved in sectarian civil war attacking Sunnis and allowed militias to expel Sunnis

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 Mahdi Army in Jihad Baghdad pulled Sunnis from cars attacked market invaded homes Killed at least

50 in retaliation for mosque being bombed day before

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Dep PM Zobai accused Defense and Interior Ministries of working with militias to carry out attacks

2006 Article on State Dept report on Interior Min Said corruption human rights abuses sectarian

violence connections to insurgents and militias undermined ministry

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2006 US officials said Jadriya prison in Baghdad run by Mahmoud Waeli Badr’s intel head and

renegade faction of Interior Ministry Wasn’t renegade

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 Federal court charged 4 soldiers from 101st Airborne Div with rape and murder of 14 year old Iraqi

girl and killing 3 of her family members

2008 Interview with Sherman fmr US adv to Interior Min 04-06 Said effort to rebuild police disjointed

Excluded Interior Min which caused anger US pushed for as many police as possible Weren’t given adequate training or equipment High turnover amongst US advisers so no continuity in policy Allawi and Jaafari govts purged Interior Allawi and Interior Min Naqib formed Commandos from ex-Saddam era soldiers Had human rights abuses Under PM Jaafari ISCI took over Interior Purged commandos of fmr regime members ISCI tried to block Sadrists getting police jobs Sherman wanted Iraqis to come up with own training program Vetoed US military took over police turning it into paramilitary force Interior overwhelmed by number of personnel Found police stations arresting people torturing and killing them then dumping bodies Found many of the prisoners at secret Jadiriya prison in Baghdad run by Badr controlled unit were fmr soldiers who put down 1991 uprising Were arrested and tortured in revenge

2009 US released 5 Iranians captured in 2007 including head of Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force

Zafr Command Ali al-Lami frm deBaathification head 3 militia cmdrs also released Part of deal to get 5 Brits kidnapped by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq released

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq 5 Revolutionary Guards Members Let Go By U.S.)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

2011 Hundreds protested in Baghdad demanding reforms and services release of prisoners US withdrawal

7 arrested 5 taken to Muthanna airport beaten and tortured Told not to protest again

2012 KRG announced it was trucking oil to Turkey Said it got refined products in return Dep PM

Shahristani said it was illegal

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Government Tries To Punish Kurdistan For Independent Energy Policy)

2014 Human Rights Watch recorded 61 Sunni civilians killed by Hashd in last month Found 48 killed from


2014 Report IS smuggling oil to KRG Made up to $1 mil/day Stole oil from pipelines storage tanks oil

fields Took over trade by pushing out competitors Peshmerga initially allowed trade then tried to stop it

2014 Report Naqshibandi carrying out assassination campaign vs IS in Diyala Last 2 weeks 2 IS leaders

killed Also gun battles between the two in Salahaddin Kirkuk Anbar Ninewa

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Ayatollah Sistani wrote not to PM Maliki saying Iraq needed a leader with popular support

2014 PM Maliki attacked Kurds accusing them of supporting insurgency

2014 Report 53 bodies found blindfolded and shot in Babil Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2014 IS kidnaped 60 ex-soldiers from three neighborhoods in Mosul IS took Ziwiya Salahaddin Killed 50

villagers Destroyed 25 homes IS took Azwip Salahaddin executed 15 civilians and started destroying houses

2015 Report KRG trying to control oil sales in Kirkuk Took oil production from North Oil Company

and shipped it to Turkey via KRG pipeline KRG reduced its exports for Baghdad at same time Oil Min Abdul Mahdi said KRG wouldn’t get its monthly budget payments until KRG fulfilled its oil export quota

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Reaches Another New High In Oil Exports As Budget Deal With Kurds Breaks Down)

2016 Report Hashd took part in Fallujah battle Weren’t supposed to Spokesman for Emergency

Response Brigades said they were first in city then Badr and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq followed

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jun 22-28, 2016)

2016 Head of Anbar council said 6 mosques burned in Fallujah after city liberated Demanded


2017 State TV claimed Mosul liberated while PM Abadi visited city Fighting continued

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 266 Jul 9 2017)

2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali claimed Mosul would have ended sooner if Hashd involved Said

Anbar proved excluding Hashd made battles harder Hashd derailed govt liberation plan for Anbar

2017 Human Rights Watch KRG punishing Yazidis for joining Hashd in Sinjar dist Threatened

families Kicked some out

2017 Ninewa opened 1st camp for IS families

2018 Protests in 3 parts of Basra and Muthanna demanding better services and jobs from

oil companies Also against water shortage and killing of protesters day before Blocked entrances to West Qurna 1 and Rumaila oil fields

(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

2018 Report Gorran splintering Some complained founder’s sons monopolizing power

2020 Protests in 3 parts of Dhi Qar and Wasit over lack of electricity and delayed

salaries to govt workers

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Southern Iraq Over Electricity Shortages And Delayed Salaries)

2020 Cabinet passed austerity measures including cutting govt worker benefits cutting unessential

spending to deal with economic crisis

2021 Protests in Karbala Maysan Wasit over electricity shortages

2021 Baghdad activist kidnapped and tortured after wrote online about assassinations of protesters

2021 Report Quds Force head Gen Qaani met with Hashd in Jun Told them to stop attacks on US

while nuclear talks happening 1 leader refused to

2021 Journalist/activist kidnapped in Baghdad after receiving threats Was released later that day

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

 View the Iraq History Timelines

No comments:

Iraq’s Oil Exports And Revenue Drop In May

In May Iraq suffered a drop in international oil prices. Its exports dipped as well.