Friday, July 15, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 15 PM Nuri al-Said killed in aftermath of 1958 coup

(Wikipedia)

 

1914 US consulate in Baghdad reported Sayid Talib and Ottoman forces attacked Sheikh

Ajaimi of Montafiq Confederation in Zubayr Basra vilayet Talib won battle and took town Gave Talib de facto control of all of Basra Led to dismissal of Ottoman governor of vilayet

1920 UK Chief General Staff Wilson heard of 1920 revolt and ordered dispatch of division from

India to put it down

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1948 Iraqi air force bombed Haifa and Israeli airfield Arab-Israeli War

1950 Cabinet resigned when PM Suwaidi complained his brother not appointed head of Cassation Court

Stayed in office because Regent out of country and couldn’t call for new govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1958 Deposed PM Nuri al-Said executed by Free Officers Regent’s body taken from royal palace

Mutilated Dragged through Baghdad streets

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1958 Egypt sent 2 squadrons of MiGs to Syria to protect Iraqi coup if necessary

1968 PM Yahya resigned over divisions within military over running country that would eventually lead

to 68 coup

1972 Bakr govt tried and failed to assassinate Mulla Mustafa Barzani 2nd time

1979 Saddam had Revolutionary Command Council Secretary General Mashadi arrested and tortured

Mashadi named Saddam opponents within Baath Party Those members later accused of a Syrian backed coup

1981 Report senior Shiite officers dissatisfied with Saddam’s leadership of Iran-Iraq War tried 6

assassination attempts over 6 months before being discovered in June 81

1982 Iraqi counterattack against Iran’s Op Ramadan in Basra regained most lost territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1985 Iran launched attack in Ras al-Abed-Sidikan sector of Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 UK Official told Geneva conference that Iraq chemical weapons had caused 10,000 Iranian

casualties in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1988 Iraq Op Tawakalna ala Allah 3 withdrew from Iranian territory ending offensive Took 5,000-

7,000 Iranian prisoners

1988 Iraq recaptured Sirwan Kurdistan

1988 Iran’s cabinet endorsed decision to accept UN Res 598 ending Iran-Iraq War but had to convince

Khomeini

1988 Rafsanjani publicly announced Iran’s withdrawal from Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 At Baath Party meeting decided Iraq should make its case to the world against Kuwait so that it

would not be seen as an aggressor Izzat al-Duri said Kuwait conspiring against Iraq and part of larger Israeli conspiracy

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 At Arab League Iraq complained Kuwait tapping into Rumaila oil field in Basra costing Iraq $1

bil/year Demanded loans from UAE and Kuwait during Iran-Iraq War be forgiven Threatened force against Kuwait and UAE saying they were US puppets

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Iraq made first deployment of troops for Kuwait invasion

1991 US troops withdrew from Kurdistan after setting up safe area for displaced Kurds after Gulf War

2002 Czech Intel head doubted that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in Prague in 2001 Fake

story

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 Fmr Saddam Fedayeen told press Iraq trained Al Qaeda fighters in Salman Pak False story

2004 UN head inspector Blix accused PM Blair of misleading public on Iraq threat before invasion

2004 Report in 2003 UK intel found Zarqawi setting up cells in Baghdad 

2007 Report 45% of foreign fighters in Iraq came from Saudi Arabia More Saudis had been suicide

            bombers than any other nationality US tried to not talk about issue because Saudis allies

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 PM Maliki said Iraq ready to export 15,000 cubic meters of natural gas to Europe Govt spokesman

Dabbagh said Iraq wasn’t ready to export gas anytime soon Never happened

2009 Report Christians attacked again 5 churches in Baghdad bombed and assassination in Kirkuk

2011 3 bombs in Karbala left 100 casualties

2011 KRG security arrested 10 activists in Sulaymaniya planning demonstrations Was protest in city met

by heavy security Demanded political reforms Head of Metro Center to Defend Journalism beaten People filming protest were arrested

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Kurdistan Regional Government Prevents Return Of Protests)

2011 100s protested in Baghdad demanding end to corruption services and jobs

2011 Report US tracked rockets used by militias against US targets as coming from Iran Found

fingerprints of Kataib Hezbollah members in Iran on munitions

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2011 PM Maliki said National Council for Strategic Policies that Allawi was supposed to head in power

sharing agreement after he won 2010 election was unconstitutional and should not be formed

2012 Iraq complained about KRG-Turkish oil deals saying it would affect relations between two

countries

2013 Report MP on integrity committee said PM Maliki pushing another arms deal with Russia after last

one was corrupt Oct 2012 Iraq signed $4.2 bil weapons deal with Russia MPs found 10% of money went to kickbacks MPs said they found evidence of corruption in new deal

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2013 Report Since 06 only 21% of projects in KRG finished by end of 2012 Of 244 projects only 52

finished US said KRG suffered same problems as rest of Iraq that deterred investment Corruption red tape inefficiency

2013 Eni agreed to lower production target for Zubayr field in Basra Originally was 1.2 mil/bar/day

Agreed to 850,000 bar/day by 2035 Was due to lack of infrastructure

2013 Electricity Min repeated claim that power shortages would end by 2013 Blamed Oil Min for not

delivering fuel for drop in power supply Adviser to cabinet said power problems wouldn’t be ended until 2015 Neither happened

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2014 Salim al-Jabouri became speaker of parliament Began more cooperative stance by Sunni leaders

towards PM Maliki and Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Pressure Grows On Iraq’s Premier Maliki To Give Up On A Third Term)

2014 Mujahadeen Army posted flyers in Sadiya Diyala Said it refused to give allegiance to IS

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Offices of Kurdish paper in Baghdad raided by police Told to stop publishing Equipment taken

Threatened staff

2014 Anbar Ops Command said it launched op to clear Albu Ali Jassim Albu Diab Howaz Tash in Ramadi

dist ISF withdrew from Albu Faraj allowing insurgents to move in

2014 ISF dropped barrel bomb on market in Shirqat Salahaddin Air strike on Baiji hospital that killed 11

2014 IS blew up largest and oldest library in Tal Afar

2016 1000s of Sadrists marched in Baghdad Called govt thieves and demanded reform

(Musings On Iraq Rough Alliance Between Iraq’s Protest Movement And Sadrists)

2016 100s of activists protested in Babil Maysan Diwaniya Najaf Karbala Dhi Qar Muthanna

demanding reforms end to sectarian quotas better services Sadr met with activists about coordination protests but nothing came of it

2017 Babylon Brigades was stealing weapons and supplies from Ninewa Plains Protection Units in

Qaraqosh Ninewa Led to gun battle

2017 PM Abadi held military parade to mark victory in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 5 Jul 15 2017)

2017 Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said Abadi govt disregarded civilian casualties during

war Killings and attacks on civilians by ISF and Hashd had been recorded and posted on social media and govt did nothing Included attacks on protesters

2018 Protests in 9 provinces Sairoon offices in Babil attacked Hikma and Badr offices in Nasiriya

burned Police shot at crowds outside Dhi Qar provincial council building Attempt to burn council building in Maysan Led to police to kill 3 Mayor’s house in Maysan burned Fadhila Hikma Badr Dawa offices set on fire in Samawah Muthanna and council building sacked 3 more killed March in Baghdad broken up by security forces Basra provincial council building taken over with police killing 4 Protesters rushed gates at Zubayr oil field leading to 5 being shot and wounded Protest at Um Qasr port Basra Marches in Najaf and Qadisiya broken up by security forces

(Musings On Iraq Protests Grow Deadlier In Iraq)

2018 Karbala council threatened to take its power station off the national grid unless protest demands

met

2018 PM Abadi again talked about potential threat of protests Claimed small groups taking advantage of

them to destroy property and attack govt offices

(Musings On Iraq Protests Grow Deadlier In Iraq)

2019 UN IS defeated in war Suffered heavy losses Trying to rebuild networks and preserve

core Power being decentralized Loss of territory meant finances declined Still smuggling kidnapping extorting money selling artifacts

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 1? Interview With Washington Institute for Near East Policy’s Michael Knights)

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 2? Interview With Il Foglio’s Daniele Raineri)

2021 Sadr announced that his party would boycott the 2021 election He wanted the

vote to be delayed and concessions from the other leaders

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Ends Election Boycott After Gaining No Concessions)

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