Tuesday, July 5, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 5 1920 Revolt leaders demanded full independence for Iraq

(Shia Waves)


 

1915 British attacked Turk-Arab force outside Suq al-Shuyuk and defeated them

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 Revolt leaders in Shamiya passed demands to British Wanted full independence End to

fighting Withdrawal of British administrators from Mid-Euphrates Release of leading cleric Shirazi

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1923 UK report Shiites wanted weak Mandate to set up theocracy Hoped King Faisal would win

loyalty of people and undermine Shiite clerics Shiites also mistrusted elections and believed all power would go to Sunnis Also didn’t seem to like Faisal

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1926 Turkey and Britain signed treaty setting Turkey-Iraq border UK agreed to give Turkey 10% of

Mosul oil revenues in return

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1940 PM Gaylani made overture to Germany with Justice Min Shawkat meeting German ambassador to

Turkey von Papen Shawkat told von Papen Iraq wanted Germany to stop Italian imperialism from spreading in Middle East and to support pan-Arabism instead Papen said Iraq should contribute to war vs England and Shawkat said that would happen

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1959 Popular Resistance Force put under army control to curtail Communist influence within

militia 

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1959 Communists plotted a coup to overthrow Qasim Abandoned at last minute

1960 Islamic Party issued statement warning against Communist activities in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1983 Tariq Aziz returned from trip to Egypt to improve relations and ensure Cairo would continue to

supply Iraq with ammunition for the war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Iraq refused to allow UN inspectors into Agriculture Min causing a crisis

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

2002 Talks between Iraq and UN in Vienna brokedown over new weapons inspections

2002 Supporters of Def Sec Rumsfeld leaked CENTCOM doc to NYTimes on invasion plans to use air

strikes Special Forces CIA operatives for covert ops

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 US police training center in Ramadi bombed 7 police killed 40 wounded

2003 CIA Dir Tenet complained to NSC about Iraq-Africa uranium deal getting into Bush’s State of the

Union speech

2003 NSC said DepNatSecAdv Hadley forgot CIA had pulled Iraq-Africa story from previous Bush

speech Tenet didnt read State of Union

2003 CIA Dir Tenet said he and NSC responsible for Iraq-Africa uranium story getting into Bush’s State

of Union

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Allawi govt announced amnesty for insurgents

2004 Report Zarqawi’s bombing moved him from margins of insurgency to the center

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2005 Zarqawi announced Umar Brigades Would assassinate Badr members and Shiite

civilians in Baghdad and Anbar

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

2005 Insurgents attacked diplomatic convoys of Bahrain and Pakistan Led Pakistan to withdraw

ambassador

2006 Saudi King Abdullah told US Amb to Iraq Khalizad that if Saddam restored to power would return

civility Said there was currently no hope in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2007 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri released video Called for people to rally around ISI Same time ISI had to find

unity with Iraqis Was acknowledgement insurgent groups were splitting with ISI

2008 PM Maliki claimed terrorists in Iraq were defeated

2008 Head of Islamic Party in Fallujah escaped assassination attempt in campaign against the party

2009 China National Petroleum Corp signed deal for Ahdab oil field in Wasit 1st foreign oil company

to sign deal with Iraq since 2003

2010 US-Iraqi op killed ISI military commander for northern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Al Qaeda In Iraq Takes More Losses, But Keeps On Ticking)

2010 Report ISI turning to organized crime as foreign support dropped off Robbing banks and

jewelry stores

2010 Confrontation between Iraqi soldiers and Peshmerga in Qara Tapa Diyala left 3 wounded after

traffic accident Fist fights started at joint checkpoints Army stormed peshmerga HQ Led to more shooting

2011 Report Obama admin pushing for 5 yr troop extension State of Law to Iraqiya MPs were all speaking

against US forces staying in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2011 Protest Um Qasr Basra over lack of services

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq Continue Into July)

2012 KRG cabinet said it would recruit 17000 new govt workers 2011 hired 25,000 new civil workers Used

as patronage for KDP-PUK Caused long term budget problems

2013 Report Industry declined in Iraq since 03 due to looting cheap imports govt neglect VP of Iraqi

Federation of Industries said 90% of industries closed Govt wasn’t providing enough loans Businesses relied upon labor rather than technology Privately owned industry only 20% Rest state owned

2013 Samarra protest site bombed Militia blamed

2015 IS attacked Baiji Salahaddin Started with 2 suicide car bombs Followed by infantry attacked

Pushed Hashd and ISF back

(Musings On Iraq Heavy Fighting In Four Of Iraq’s Provinces During Start Of July 2015)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2016 Report PUK-Gorran formed alliance against KDP Felt Barzani acting unilaterally KDP tried to

take over KRG KDP dismissed 5 Gorran ministers from cabinet Closed parliament KDP pushing KRG independence referendum

2016 Kirkuk council gave Baghdad 1 month to remove displaced or they would be forced out

2016 UN called on Abadi govt to protect civilians from Hashd who were preying on displaced Were

revenge attacks after Baghdad car bomb 1500 displaced detained by Kataib Hezbollah in Fallujah 4 men beheaded Some beaten to death 600 released 840 missing 50 killed

(Musings On Iraq Missing 600 From Anbar’s Saqlawiya Finally Found Dead?)

(Musings On Iraq Crimes And Misdemeanors Of Kataib Hezbollah During War Vs ISIS Interview With Free Lance Journalist Jonathan Lee Krohn)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2016 PM Abadi ordered investigation into Dep Hashd Comm head Abu Muhandis cutting off pay to

pro-Najaf Abbas Combat Brigade and Christian Ninewa Plans Hashd units

2016 Badr’s Amiri praised Maliki for creating Hashd Downplayed Ayatollah Sistani’s role Maliki had

created militia forces before Sistani’s fatwa that created Hashd

2017 Gorran MP said KRG independence referendum illegal Said Pres Barzani only represented KDP

not all Kurds Said Barzani pushing independence vote to boost his standing

2017 Ammar Hakim said he would work to stop KRG independence referendum Said unity of Iraq

most important thing Said vote unconstitutional

2017 Report UN official est rebuilding Mosul would cost $1 bil Said Mosul was most damaged area

during entire war vs IS

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 262 Jul 5 2017)

2017 Report Local and tribal notables in Anbar threatened to make province autonomous region to

protest checkpoints along route to Baghdad Said Baghdad had been closed off

2017 Report Most govt officials and schools re-opened in east Mosul while fighting still going on in

east Services restarted People returning drove up costs Most people didn’t have money

2018 Hundreds protested at Basra provincial council building demanding jobs Protest in Irbil over

power-water shortages

(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

2018 Abadi govt banned growing many summer crops due to water shortages Water Min said only enough water to irrigate about half of Iraq’s farmland

2018 Kuwait Fund for Arab Econ Development signed loan with Iraq for $80 mil for reconstruction

2019 Trade Ministry announced Iraq self-sufficient in wheat Agriculture Min banned

importation of 7 crops to help Iraqi farmers Agriculture land expanded Govt provided seeds resistant to drought and salinity Also increase in rain

2019 Report Aug 2018 PM Abadi ordered Hashd to leave Mosul and Ninewa Plains Also said

Hashd in Ninewa to come under Ninewa Ops Command Mar 2019 PM Abdul Mahdi repeated order Neither implemented Liwa al-Shabak and Kataib Babilyun rejected orders Liwa al-Shabak moved into Christian areas of Ninewa plains taking property looting intimidated people stopped returns of displaced blocked aid and govt groups from entering areas

2020 US led Coalition announced it was drawing down forces and becoming advisory mission in

Iraq

2020 Report Iran facing economic crisis Led to cutting money to Hashd Forced it to look for other

funding Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Hezbollah Harakat al-Najaba had economic assets Extorted money from nightclubs gambling houses alcohol stores Those that didn’t pay got attacked Kataib Hezbollah smuggling across Anbar-Syria border Also smuggled IS families from Syria into Iraq

2020 Parliament’s economic comm said border crossings earned $10 bil but state only got $1 bil of that

KRG plus corrupt ISF and Hashd kept most revenues

2020 Head of PM Kazemi’s office stormed Iraqi Media Network with gunman Threatened board of

trustees over dismissing two officials Their jobs were restored 

2021 MP said political parties covered up theft of 19 bil dinars by fmr head of committee on

displaced and 2 offices in Displaced Min

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2021 IS forcing out families from Azim northwest Diyala

2021 Report Hashd destroyed 3000 acres of farmland in area of Khanaqin dist Diyala to set up

security zones

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