Thursday, July 14, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 14 Gen Qasim and Col Arif overthrew the monarchy in a coup



1915 US consulate report Worried that sectarian war might start with Shiites turning on

Sunni Ottomans due to troubles in Karbala and Najaf

1920 Bani Hassan tribe joined 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Rebels attacked British army at Samawa

1941 PM Midfai declared martial law in Sulaymaniya to stop revolt by Mulla Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1946 Striking oil workers met outside Kirkuk Iraq Petroleum Company denied their demands for

higher pay Kirkuk governor ordered police to break up meeting Police fired on workers Killed 18 Wounded around 50 Killings condemned by press PM Umari govt shut down papers as a result Incident helped lead to fall of PM Umari’s govt in November

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1958 Free Officers led coup overthrowing Iraq’s monarchy King Failsal II and family killed Gen Qasim became head of state

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Women, Untold Stories from 1948 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1958 Communists had been in contact with Free Officers Called out its followers to demonstrate in

streets of Baghdad to support coup

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1958 Pro-coup crowds destroyed statue of UK Gen Maude who took Baghdad during WWI Set fire to UK

embassy Tore down statue of King Faisal I Sacked royal palace Dug up body of King Faisal II

1958 Some Free Officers went to Qasim demanding Revolutionary Command Council be created to

run govt but Qasim refused

1958 In response to 1958 coup Pres Eisenhower said Iraq was a country US was counting on to be

stable and progress in Mideast

1958 Gen Qasim declared state of emergency to stop mobs

1958 Revolutionary court set up to try members of monarchy

1959 Kurdish communists and KDP held anniversary for 58 coup in Kirkuk Turkmen held separate

celebration 2 sides clashed for 2 days 79 killed 100 injured Army was ordered to put down fighting but many were Kurds and joined in fight Qasim used event to crack down on Communists

1959 Anniversary of 58 coup Qasim said by Jan 1960 he would license political parties

1964 Pres Arif nationalized banks insurance companies 32 industrial and commercial firms

Done to align with Egypt Iraq didn’t have technocrats to run nationalized businesses Led to economic crisis as money sent out of country

1968 Coup against Pres Arif planned but called off after army officers backed out Baath would not drop


(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1982 Iraqi 3rd Corps counterattacked began against Iran Op Ramadan in Basra Used tear gas

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1985 Iran Op Qadir overran Iraqi forces outside Penjwin Sulaymaniya and advanced 20 miles into Iraq

Attack into Halabja failed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Saddam shuffled military leadership to get more offensive minded officers in command

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Iran Op Tawakalna ala Allah 3 expanded into Iranian territory in center Saddam threatened to

attack towards Ahwz in southern Iran and seize oil fields if Tehran didn’t withdraw from Kurdistan

1988 Iranian leadership agreed to accept UN Res 598 calling for end of Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Kuwait said it would reconsider OPEC quotas in Oct Was considered a breech by Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Pres Mubarak visited Saddam in Baghdad trying to get him to backdown in confrontation with


2002 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz went to Turkey and discussed war plans vs Iraq

2003 Article Iraqi scientists said bombings inspections sanctions unilateral destruction ended Iraq’s

WMD programs before invasion

2003 Columnist Novak exposed Ex Amb Wilson’s wife as a CIA agent after he criticized Bush admin

over false Niger-Iraq uranium deal Info came from VP Cheney’s office trying to discredit Wilson

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 UK For Sec Straw said CIA believed UK intel on Iraq-Africa uranium deal

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2003 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez memo said only 37% of his command was staffed

2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said when multi-national force arrived in southern Iraq would still not

be enough forces in Iraq to secure country

2004 PM Blair said he expected Iraq’s WMD to be found

2004 Butler Report said UK intel on Iraq WMD based upon worst case scenarios and exaggerated alleged

stockpiles Said UK intel on Iraq WMD was “seriously flawed”

2004 Butler Report said UK intel found no evidence of Iraq-Al Qaeda cooperation

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Fmr US Army dep chief of staff Gen Keane testified to Congress that US didn’t expect insurgency

because Iraqi exiles said Americans would be welcomed for invading

2004 Insurgents assassinated Ninewa Governor Kashmoula

2006 When asked was the US winning in Iraq US Army Chief of Staff Gen Schoomaker told

congressional aides U.S. wasn’t losing in Iraq Said war was getting more difficult and was more at the start than the end

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2007 PM Maliki said Iraqi forces were ready to take over security when US left

2007 Fmr State Dept reconstruction coordinator said impact of Provincial Reconstruction Teams were

negligible because of lack of security

2008 Report 2005 elections 82,000 Kurds couldn’t prove residency in Kirkuk and were going to be

barred from election but KDP and PUK threatened boycott if weren’t allowed to vote

2008 Report Kurds giving money to Arabs to leave Kirkuk

2008 Report 5000 solar powered streetlights installed in Baghdad city and 1,000 in each of Iraq’s

provinces Extreme heat degraded batteries and grime and dust cut electricity production of solar panels

2008 Report Mahdi Army and Special Groups using new weapons Interior Min said came from Iran

Groups being rearmed after Charge of Knights in Basra and Promise of Peace in Maysan aimed at Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2008 Report Drought cut hydroelectric power production by 30%

(Musings On Iraq Drought Update)

2009 Iraq offered 15 bil cubic meters of natural gas a year by 2015 for Nabucco gas pipeline from

Turkey to Austria Never happened

2011 Chilcot Inquiry MI6 felt pressured by Blair govt about WMD and gave in Said PM Blair’s

spokesman Campbell was always pushing MI6 on Iraq Campbell leaked stories to press about intel on Iraq without consulting with intel agencies MI6 officer said agency was too eager to help Blair MI6 officer acknowledged most of what it had on Iraq was wrong Butler Inquiry found MI6 head Dearlove was eater to give info to Blair about WMD MI6 officer said it passed along intel before it was fully cleared

2011 Report Sadrists complained Dawa trying to take over military Said were forces directly under

control of PM Maliki PM was acting Defense and Interior Ministers

2011 Report Justice Min said it closed secret prison at Camp Honor in March after human rights comm

found abuses and torture Officials and MP claimed prisoners still held there Red Cross believes there are 3 other prisons in same area of Baghdad Another secret prison found at Muthanna Airport Baghdad in 2010

2011 Sadr’s Promised Day Brigades claimed 9 attacks upon US bases in last week in Baghdad Maysan

Diwaniya Diyala End of Jun said it carried out 10 other attacks

2011 Report Editorial in Saudi paper called Iraqi leaders Iranian agents who betrayed US Said 2003

invasion led to Shiite takeover and Iranian control of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2011 Report PM Maliki went after Election Comm Questioned commission and then ordered it to stop its

work which it refused Commission said Maliki angry at coming in 2nd in 2010 election

2011 Youth group called for new round of protests in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Kurdistan Regional Government Prevents Return Of Protests)

2012 Report Syria’s ambassador to Iraq defected Said he helped organize foreign fighters to go to Iraq

Said Syria worried about 2003 invasion Retaliated by working with Al Qaeda in Iraq Encouraged Islamists to go fight in Iraq

2013 Tribes in Basra threatened large protests over lack of electricity Basra governor claimed corruption

the problem Said he supported protests Adv to cabinet said electricity problem would be solved by start of 2015 Before govt said problem would be solved by end of 2013

(Musings On Iraq Protests Break Out Again In Iraq Over Lack Of Electricity)

2014 IS and Islamic Army fought in northern Diyala Led to 19 dead Report that IS executed Islamic Army

and Naqshibandi members in same area

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report US military team said ISF incompetent Lacked logistics Cowardice in officer corps No

strategy to fight insurgency 2nd and 4th Divs disintegrated in Mosul and Tikrit l 1st Div lost 2 of 4 brigades in Anbar since start of 2014 Lost its other 2 brigades in Jun and division disintegrated 3rd Div lost 2 of its brigades

2014 Amnesty Intl IS kidnapped and killed people in every town it took

2014 Dr in Fallujah said 7 parts of the city had been hit by 20 barrel bombs dropped by ISF since start of


2015 Report ISF attacked Saqlawiya as start of op vs Fallujah Attacked Khalidiya Malahma

Sidiqiya Husaiba as start of Ramadi op New ISF and tribesmen took part Backed by Coalition airstrikes

2016 Pres Barzani said he would not run in KRG presidential elections

2016 Report MP said south Iraq like Wasit and Maysan still using fake bomb detectors Called on

PM Abadi to withdraw them from all of Iraq

2017 Peshmerga Health Agency said 1745 Peshmerga killed fighting IS 10,069 wounded

2018 Govt shut down Internet to try to stop protests PM Abadi warned of “infiltrators” amongst activists

while releasing funds for development projects demanded by protests

(Musings On Iraq Silencing Protests In Iraq)

2018 Protests in 9 provinces Babil stormed Dawa and Fadhila offices 2 marches in Baghdad Badr HQ in

Basra city burned Protests at Rumaila Majnoon West Qurna oil fields and Um Qasr port Asaib Ahl Al-Haq office in Najaf burned Marches in Dhi Qar Maysan Najaf Qadisiya Wasit 3 killed in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq Protests Continue Across Southern Iraq And Spread To Baghdad)

2019 Hikma called for national protests in Iraq against Abdul Mahdi govt

(Musings On Iraq Hikma’s Calls For National Protests In Iraq Fizzle)

2020 MP said Salahaddin govt tried to block IS families from returning to province Seized their

money and property Said if families rejected IS they could return conditionally

2021 2 activists targeted with bomb in Nasiriya

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed