Sunday, July 17, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 17 Gen Bakr led Baathist coup overthrowing Arif govt

(Wikimedia)

 

869 Deposed Abbasid Caliph Mutazz executed by Turkish soldiers

(Musings On Iraq review when baghdad ruled the muslim world, the rise and fall of islam’s greatest dynasty)

1920 British worked out ceasefire with Iraqi rebels to end siege of Abu Sukhair

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 War Secretary Churchill told govt about 1920 Revolt and that division from India was being sent to

deal with it

1925 Frontier Commission report to League of Nations on where border between Turkey and Iraq should

be Said Mosul vilyat should be in Iraq after British seized it after WW1 armistice Said Assyrians should return to Turkey

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1930 UK intel officer wrote that senior Iraqi army officers gained positions through corruption and

connections to politicians Said were divorced from their troops and would follow any politician that could give them benefits

1951 Iraq made last payment to Turkey of oil revenues in return for giving up claims to Mosul after

WWI

1958 New govt made announcement on radio Said Iraq was now a republic and the people would

elect the govt Said there would be a president who would be elected later Called for Iraqi unity

1958 Qasim called cabinet Passed resolutions including ending union with Jordan Overturned

decrees dismissing teachers and students for strikes

1958 Gen Qasim sent delegation to meet with Gen Nasser of Egypt to talk about uniting 2 countries

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1958 Delegation from United Democratic Party of Kurdistan met with Gen Qasim asking for

autonomy for Kurds Was turned down

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1959 After three days of fighting with Turkmen Kurdish Communists and KDP took control of

Kirkuk city

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1968 Baath coup overthrew Pres Arif

(Musings On Iraq review Socialist Iraq, A Study in Iraqi Politics Since 1968)

1968 Saddam had lawyer Shawkat executed in Baghdad for refusing him money in 1966

1968 Proclamation No 1 by new govt Said would start new era in Iraq Would be democratic and equal

Kurdish question would be dealt with Revolutionary Command Council would run country Pres Bakr new president Gen Naif asked to form new cabinet

1973 Baath created National Progressive Front with Communists and KDP dissident Aziz Akrawi who

became Minister of State

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1973 Pres Bakr claimed govt had implemented most of autonomy plan for Kurds but Kurds were

undermining it

1975 Pres Bakr on 7th anniversary of Baath coup said Iraq would reach out to Gulf countries to improve

relations

1978 Saddam interview with Newsweek said Palestinians could come to Iraq to plan terrorist attacks

1979 Public celebrations held for Saddam’s election to presidency

1979 Saddam called for Iraqi-Iranian friendship after Iranian Revolution

1980 Iraqi govt took out ad in NY Times praising Saddam’s rule and comparing him to Abbasid caliphate

1982 Iranian Op Ramadan invasion into Basra Iranian armor bogged down in marsh Iraq counterattacked

and forced Iranian retreat

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1982 Saddam ordered capture of Qasr e-Shirin in center across from Diyala on anniversary of Baath

coup Iraqis attacked twice but failed Jordan ended up sending troops to support Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Saddam speech at 20th anniversary of Baath seizing power Said Iraq wanted to end Iran-Iraq

War Set 5 conditions Direct talks UN clearing of Shatt al-Arab Free navigation of Gulf End of Iranian attacks on shipping Prisoner exchange

1988 Saddam ordered Iraqi troops to start withdrawing from Iran

1988 Rafsanjani went to Khomeini to convince him to end war Khomeini said he would take

responsibility for war Pres Khameini wrote UN Secretary General de Cuellar requesting ceasefire and accepting UN Res 598

1988 Soviet UN Amb Vorontsov made trip to Middle East to help negotiate end to war

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam accused Kuwait and UAE of overproducing oil Said some Gulf states were working with

US against Iraq Said if they didn’t change their policies Iraq would take action to protect its interests Said Iraq would protect itself from Israeli aggression

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1993 Govt started rounding up coup plotters Reportedly 1,200 army officers arrested

1995 PUK accused KDP of working with Iraqi army to attack Irbil

1997 Saddam said if UN didn’t end sanctions inspections would end

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2001 Saddam speech on anniversary of Baath coup said tyrants would not be able to overthrow him and

he would not be defeated

2002 34th anniversary of Baath coup Saddam gave speech saying he would defeat all the powerful and

evil people arrayed against him

2002 Iraq issued arrest warrant for Zarqawi who had been traveling through the country from Iran

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review ISIS Inside The Army of Terror, Revised & Updated)

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Gen Franks projected war preparations costs by 12/1/02 would be

around $700 mil US was expanding air fields and pre-positioning fuel in northern section of Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2002 Sir Kevin Tebbit UK Undersectary of Defense met with Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz Dep Natl Sec Adv

Hadley Dep Sec of State Armitage Frank Miller Tebbit told them US had to plan for postwar Iraq Tebbit reported to Blair govt US doing more postwar planning

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.4 Planning and Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, Mid-2001 to January 2003)

2003 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US facing classic guerrilla war in Iraq

2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Arabiya TV on anniversary of Baath coup Said Bush and Blair lied to

justify war Condemned Iraqi Governing Council

2003 Report Pentagon set up its own intelligence office on Iraq before war

2003 Time reporter officials told him fmr Amb Wilson’s wife was CIA official Talked with Cheney Chief

of Staff Libby about matter beforehand Libby leaked info about Wilson’s wife in attempt to discredit him for opposing Iraq-Niger uranium story

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Gen Moseley 02-03 US-UK aircraft conducted 21,736 sorties and dropped more than 600 bombs

on 391 targets Air raids were part of No Fly zones but were aimed at weakening Iraqi defense before 03 invasion

2005 Iraqi court filed charges against Saddam for executing people in Dujail in 1982

2005 Shiite MP Khuzai said time to bring back militias because Interior and Defense Ministries had

failed to stop terrorism

2005 Iraq-Iran deal signed for $1 bil line of credit to buy Iranian products

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2005 Report Bush signed and then rescinded order to provide covert aid to candidates in Iraq’s 2005 Jan

elections

2005 Congressional Budget Office reported military and reconstruction spending on Iraq cost U.S.

$218.2 bil 03-05

2006 Insurgents attacked market in Mahmudiya Baghdad Killed 42

2007 Truck bomb in Amerli Salahaddin killed 156

2008 Report with unemployment est 35-50% Maliki govt started job program Hired over 5,000 into

            govt workforce in menial jobs

2008 Cleric and head of Sadr office in New Baghdad Lami assassinated Was pushing reconciliation

2008 Kuwait named ambassador to Iraq First since 1990

2009 Report villages in Ninewa emptying of people due to drought 60 of 150 villages in Tal Afar

dist deserted Shepherds selling herds Agriculture Min said 90% of livestock died in Al-Tal

2009 Report DNO started independent oil exports for KRG in June with no payment plan set up

Addax Petroleum and Genel Energy also didn’t have pay deal

(Musings On Iraq Companies Exporting Oil From Kurdistan Without Getting Paid)

2009 Report KRG PM Barzani and Pres Barzani said KRG and Baghdad closer to war than ever

before due to PM Maliki PM Barzani said only US stopped fighting

2010 Kurdish Alliance and Iraqiya agreed to limit power of next PM Didn’t happen Ended up

giving Maliki more authority

2010 State of Law member said Iran put together its alliance with National Alliance Solidified

Tehran’s role in Iraqi politics

2011 VP Hashemi said there should be no US troop extension after 2011 Came after met US Amb Jeffrey

State of Law MP said US troops needed to stay to train ISF Dep Interior Min said same thing

2011 Metro Center for Journalists Rights and Advocacy accused KRG of violating press freedom by

arresting journalists covering protests The group’s secretary was beaten and arrested by security forces

2011 Report village in Irbil said Iran building roads and camps in province to fight PJAK

2012 After Iraq complained that Turkish air force was crossing border shut down air

            space to Turkish passenger flights saying it was a technical problem

2012 Report Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon Bowen said $6-$8 bil wasted in Iraq Said poor recording

keeping by US main reason State Dep and Pentagon often OKd contracts without checking whether costs accurate Reconstruction Management System supposed to be in charge of contracting but agencies often ignored it Contracts often changed with higher costs Agencies often skipped reviews of contracts

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2012 Report PM Maliki accused Kurds of smuggling oil at cabinet meeting Dep PM Shaways objected Said

trucking oil to Turkey legal Oil Min said oil should be controlled by Baghdad Said KRG smuggling oil to Iran and Turkey earning $8 bil Oil Min threatened to cut KRG budget by same amount Maliki said KRG’s Natural Resource Ministry would be audited

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Government Increases Pressure Upon Kurdistan For Its Oil Policy By Threatening To Cut Its Share Of The Budget)

2012 Turkey said KRG trucking oil to it was legal Said it wouldn’t stop it even if Baghdad asked it to

Turkey’s Energy Min said it wanted more KRG trucks to come

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Government Tries To Punish Kurdistan For Independent Energy Policy)

2012 Kurdistan Journalists Association in Irbil said it recorded 43 violations against KRG journalists in 1st

half of yr 22 attacks 7 assaults 2 cases of fines 4 death threats

2013 State of Law MP said Dep PM Shahristani and Electricity Min Aftan were responsible for power

crisis Said they were responsible for corrupt contracts

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2014 Report KRG started pumping oil from Kirkuk to its facilities Oil Min Luabi objected Natural

Resource Min and KAR group built new pipeline that connects Kirkuk fields to KRG pipelines Oil Min ordered dismantling of valves to new pipelines Peshmerga seized facilities to stop that

2014 Report Iranian Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani said to be working in Iraq with 120 advisers 2

reported killed Advisers reported helped set up perimeter around Samarra to protect shrine Hezbollah also in Iraq PM Maliki said US offered nothing so he turned to Tehran Iran flying drones for intel Shipping weapons to Hashd Flying Su-25 jets Suleimani said to be directing forces in Baghdad belts

(Musings On Iraq Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2014 Report ISF retreated from Tikrit after failed attempt to free city Still held some govt buildings

Wouldn’t be liberated until 2015 PM Maliki ordered attack on city to try to get victory before parties met to pick next PM

2014 Army and tribes started op to clear Garma Anbar ISF said it freed Latifiya in south Baghdad ISF said

both were freed in June

2014 IS started making houses of Christians in parts of Mosul Led most Christians to flee Also marked

some Shiite homes

2015 Protest in Basra over electricity ISF fired into crowd 1 killed Protesters shot back Also protest in

Nasiriya and Amara where highway to Basra blocked

2015 Car bomb in Khan Bani Saad Diyala killed 130 Wounded 155

2017 Chief of Staff of Iranian armed forces said during war vs IS wrong time for Kurds to hold

independence referendum Said would lead to new problems in Iraq

2017 Head of Rapid Reaction Div said no more fighting in Mosul Just clearing ops IS surprise

attack in 2 sections of Old City Mosul Came out of basements and tunnels

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 7 Jul 17 2017)

2017 Report ISF member said they were executing IS prisoners because afraid they would be released

People said IS members had been detained and then set free and were back in Mosul

2017 UN called for Abadi govt to stop collective punishment of IS families Called for law and order

May and Jun flyers handed out in Anbar Diyala Ninewa Salahaddin threatening IS families if didn’t leave 100s of families fled Hit Ramadi Fallujah Mosul

2017 Sadrist spokesman Obeidi said Saraya al-Salam was purely Iraq and never went to other

countries to fight Sadr sent fighters to Syria 

2018 Protests in Baghdad Najaf 2 in Basra 2 in Dhi Qar 1 person killed in Baghdad Fadhila offices

burned Most broken up by police ISF blocked 5 protests in Diyala

2018 Abadi Govt launched media campaign to discredit protests claiming they were full of infiltrators

Baathists criminals outsiders and terrorists

(Musings On Iraq Silencing Protests In Iraq)

2018 Iraqi Observatory for Press Freedom said ISF arrested more than 50 reporters covering protests

and assaulted some

(Musings On Iraq Government Crackdown Shuts Down Many Protests In Iraq)

2018 Report IS rebuilding in remote areas of Iraq Posted video of people it captured at fake

checkpoint and executed

2018 PM Abadi formed crisis cell to improve services to meet demands of protests Nothing

happened

2019 Report Jun Dir Sunni Endowment in Ninewa said Shiite Endowment taking over

Sunni mosques in Mosul Said people being forced out of city Docs showed Shiite Endow tried to get 17 properties in Mosul Ninewa MPs held meeting with Sunni and Shiite Endows Letter sent to Ayatollah Sistani asking him to limit Shiite Endow in city Ninewa MP said Hashd illegally seizing Sunni Endow property in province

2019 $800 mil allocated for rebuilding in Mosul

2019 Electricity Min announced highest power production ever Was producing 19,100 mw

Baghdad got 4625 mw Demand was 6000 mw Basra got 3510 mw Need was 3800 mw Ninewa got 880 mw Need was 1600 mw

2020 Activist shot in Basra City by men on motorcycles Part of new crackdown on Protests Protesters

clashed with police in Kut

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 PUK stripped Lahur Talabani of all his powers Part of struggle for control of PUK between

Lahur and Bafel Talabani

(Musings On Iraq Latest Dispute Over Control Of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan)

2021 Report PM Kazemi announced on TV killer of journalist and analyst Hisham al-Hashemi

arrested Was Interior Min officer who confessed to killing Said he was assigned to assassinate Hashemi Said he came from area of Baghdad where Kataib Hezbollah has HQ

2021 Activist stabbed in Dhi Qar in assassination attempt

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