Monday, May 25, 2020

Security In Iraq, May 15-21, 2020

For the third week in a row the Islamic State picked up the number of attacks in Iraq. The insurgents are back to the same level of operations as 2018. They are also focusing upon the Iraqi security forces probably meant to establish military dominance over the rural areas they operate in.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 25


1940 Iraq For Min Said said England and France should grant Syria and Palestine Independence
to counter Axis propaganda
1941 British attacked Iraqis 6 miles up from Basra city 10th Indian Div ordered to head north
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1948 Iraqi forces took Geulim and reached Kfar Yona and Ein Vered 1st Arab-Israeli War
1981 New Pres Mitterrand told Saddam France would support him during war
1983 Turkey launched first cross border raid under Iraq-Turkey security agreement 7,000 Turkish troops
moved 18 mi into Kurdistan to attack PKK bases
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1983 Iraq offered to end bombing of civilians
1988 Iraq started Op Tawakalna ala Allah to clear Fish Lake Basra and force Iran into negotiations to end
war Used chemical weapons Took 6 miles
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1999 Clinton Natl Sec Adv Berger met with 7 Iraqi opposition parties receiving US funds Told them
president wanted Saddam removed by end of his term
2003 5,000 Iraqis protested outside Green Zone demanding a new govt security salaries for soldiers
2003 CPA order 5 created DeBaathification Council Would be run by Ahmed Chalabi
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2003 Inspection team examined 2 captured trailers Immediately found they were not mobile WMD labs
as originally thought
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)
2003 Kirkuk council elected 6 members then arrested by US for alleged Baathist ties
(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In
2003)
2007 Ret Gen Keane told VP Cheney Surge needed to be sustained until 2008
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2007 UK killed Mahdi Army commander for Basra Abu Qader leading to 2 days of fighting in city
2007 Sadr gave Friday sermon forbidding attacks upon Sunnis and Christians His Mahdi Army was still
cleansing Sunnis from Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2008 Report insurgents fled to Tikrit and Ramadi during Mother of Two Springs operation in Mosul
2008 Mayor of Mosul escaped 4th bombing attempt on his life in 10 days Came day after Mother of Two
Springs op to clear city ended
2008 USAmb Crocker said ISI had been severely disrupted in Iraq
2008 US and ISF conduct weapons searches in Sadr City Arrested 200 Mahdi Army militiamen in Amil and
Baya
2008 Report Sadrists paid $300 for anyone that attacked UK forces in Basra Money came from Iran
2008 PM Maliki attempted to assert control over Basra after Charge of Knights by firing Fadhila officials
who ran province Replaced heads of South Oil Company Basra Airport Oil Tankers Company Basra Refinery
2009 PM Maliki accepted resignation of Trade Min Sudani charged with corruption He used stolen
money to fund Maliki’s 2009 and 2010 election campaigns
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2011 Iraq ranked 2nd to last in Global Peace Index
2011 Dep PM Shahristani said Iraq could not defend itself after US withdrawal at end of year
2012 Dawa held march in Baghdad to support PM Maliki during no confidence drive against him
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2012 Baghdad said that all Kurdish oil deals with Turkey had to be approved by the central govt
2013 Mutahidun accused PM Maliki of backing militias with government money
2014 Anbar Operations Command claimed 90% of Ramadi freed ISIS still occupied major parts of city
2014 Anbar Operations Command said 40 attempts to take Fallujah from Jan-May 2014 and all failed
2014 Sadrists threatened to go into opposition if PM Maliki got 3rd term
2018 Protesters in Basra blocked main road with burning tires over lack of services

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, May 24, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - May 24


1922 Cleric Khalisi informed southern tribes British were trying to get their way in new Anglo-
Iraq Treaty
1941 Mufti of Jerusalem told Italians Arab revolt hinged on Iraq and it needed more support
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1982 Iran’s Op Beit al-Moqaddas ended Took Khorramshahr in south Iraqi forces pushed back to border in
Khuzistan province Regained 2,077 sq mi of Iranian territory Iraq lost 9,000 dead 15,000 wounded 19,000 prisoners Iran lost 12-15,000 dead 25,000 wounded Saddam had 20 senior officer relieved of command 10 executed
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1982 So far in war Iraq had lost 30,000 dead 35,000 prisoners 20% of its artillery 40% of its planes 60%
of its tanks Half its ground forces Iran has also recaptured 90% of the territory Iraq seized in 1980
1982 Israeli press reported US sent arms to Egypt which were then sold to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1990 US National Security Council deputies meeting told that US still sharing intelligence with Iraq
1999 Sec State Albright met with 7 Iraqi opposition groups receiving US funds Said US would provide
them nonlethal aid
2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld issued order to Joint Chiefs to begin Phase Four postwar planning for Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Part I Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)
(Musings On Iraq review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)
2004 Bush said US would stay the course in Iraq and move towards returning sovereignty and creating
democracy in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)
(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from
George W. Bush to Barack Obama)
2005 SCIRI’s Hammoudi named head of constitutional drafting committee
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2006 Joint Chiefs intel report said insurgency enduring despite political progress and growth of ISF Said
violence would increase into 2007
2006 Report police and army full of militias insurgents and criminals carrying out abuses and sectarian
violence US officials and military apologized for former Inter Min Jabr from ISCI and Badr saying they weren’t responsible for police abuses
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 PM Maliki said he wanted to reign in militias and demobilize them Went to Najaf to try to get
Ayatollah Sistani to make statements against militias
2006 Iraqi Army’s 16th Brigade in charge of Dora south Baghdad ran death squads and assassinations in
conjunction with insurgents Killed its own commander
(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2007 Funeral for Sheikh Issawi from Awakening hit by suicide car bomb in Fallujah 34 killed 66
wounded Part of ISI targeting Awakening sheikhs
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Fallujah Redux author Daniel Green on Fallujah during the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2009 VP Hashemi resigned as head of Islamic Party
2011 Anbar councilman blamed Syria for allowing insurgents to cross its border into Iraq
2011 Trade Min Sudani accused of stealing $245 mil while in office Helped fund PM Maliki’s State of
Law election campaigns in 2009 and 2010
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2011 Report US forces coming under increased attacks as withdrawal date at end of year approached
2011 US Def Sec Gates went to Iraq to lobby for US troop presence past end of year
2012 KRG PM Barzani said that if Baghdad cut off fuel deliveries KRG would export oil independently
2012 Sadr asked National Alliance to replace PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2013 Integrity Comm said it was opening investigation into buying fake bomb detectors Went nowhere
2013 Clash at Ramadi protest site between those for and against turning Anbar into federal region
2013 Imam at Mosul protest site argued for making Ninewa federal region
2013 Sadrist killed fighting in Syria had funeral attended by movement members showing Sadr’s
participation in Syria war
2015 Iranian Ground Forces commander said Iranian military moved 40km into Diyala to protect border
from IS
2015 KRG claimed it met its oil export quota set in 2015 budget and therefore should receive it full
monthly payment from Baghdad
2015 US Def Sec Carter questioned Iraqis’ will to fight after Ramadi fell to IS
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)
2017 Interior Min announced investigation into abuses by Iraqi forces during Mosul campaign in
response to Der Spiegel article Nothing came of it
(Musings On Iraq article on Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Human Rights Watch called for investigation into Der Spiegel article)
(Musings On Iraq article ABC News had follow up to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Toronto Star added more to story about abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article reactions to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq Joint Operations Command attacked Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)
2018 Protests in Karbala and Dhi Qar over electricity shortages

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, May 23, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - May 23


1941 German planes attacked British forces in Fallujah Iraqi artillery shelled Town
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 Hitler Order 30 Germany would support Arabs against British especially in Iraq
1941 UK Mid-East cmdr Gen Wavell and Indian cmdr Gen Auchinlek met in Basra Decided to send
forces to Baghdad and more to be sent from India to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1959 Egyptian press claimed British intel planning pro-UK coup in Iraq Afterward Iraq would sign peace
treaty with Israel Part of anti-Iraq propaganda by Nasser
1959 Communists officially gave up demands for positions in Qasim govt
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1969 Pres Bakr offered self-determination to Kurds
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1982 Iraq invoked Arab League 1950 defense agreement to get military aid from members Got nothing
League divided over war
1988 Iraq launched offensive to re-capture all of its lost territory from Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1988 Towns in Balisan Valley, Sulamaniya hit by chemical weapons in 5th Anfal campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1991 For third time Kurds attacked police station in Zakho
2002 During trip to Germany Bush said he had no Iraq war plans Part of strategy to work on war plans
            while publicly denying it
(Musings On Iraq review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)
(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)
2003 Bush said he supported Bremer’s political plan for Iraq
2003 CPA Order 2 disbanded Iraqi military
(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with CSU San Marco’s Prof Marashi Development And Setbacks Of The Current Iraqi Military)
(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)
2003 Congress asked CIA to look into its pre-war intel on WMD after none found
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2004 Sadr’s brother in law Riyadh Nouri arrested
2005 Sunni MPs accused Badr Brigade of carrying out sectarian killings
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2007 Dep PM Zubaie wounded by suicide bomber
2007 ISI assassinated Sheikh Issawi from Albu Issa tribe Member of the Awakening Part of campaign to
kill Awakening leaders
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Fallujah Redux author Daniel Green on Fallujah during the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 Bush said in Jan 05 bin Laden told Zarqawi to create a cell to plan attacks upon US homeland
Counterterrorism officials contradicted claim
2008 Clerics denied Sistani issued fatwa allowing attacks on US forces
2010 ISF blamed US. releasing prisoners for increase in violence In 2008 PM Maliki had negotiated
quicker release of prisoners by US
2011 Adviser to Diyala governor arrested by PM Maliki to intimidate province to not move towards
federal region
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2012 Iraq hosted nuclear talks between Iran and six countries
2013 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri said that Baghdadi was wrong for declaring ISIS without asking permission
first
(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2013 Mutahidun accused PM Maliki of supporting militias and targeting civilians
2013 Sheikh Hayes said Ramadi protesters had 2 days to turn over those who killed 5 soldiers
2013 State of Law offered SIIC control of 3 southern provinces in return for control of Basra SIIC turned           down offer
2014 Babil Operations Command claimed Jurf al-Sakhr freed from IS Would not be liberated until Oct
2014
2014 Gorran accused PUK of cheating in Sulaymaniya vote
2014 KRG said it sold 1st tanker of independent oil exports Oil Ministry filed legal papers over sale
2015 Report Iranians operating rockets, artillery and drones in Baiji operation
2016 Final campaign to liberate Fallujah started Five weeks later city would be freed
2017 Der Spiegel ran article documenting abuses by Rapid Reaction unit during Mosul campaign Unit
denied story released video of its victims denying that they had been abused and then attacked author of article Joint Operations Command also claimed author was making up story and if any torture had taken part he was partly responsible since he witnessed it
(Musings On Iraq article on Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Human Rights Watch called for investigation into Der Spiegel article)
(Musings On Iraq article ABC News had follow up to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Toronto Star added more to story about abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article reactions to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq Joint Operations Command attacked Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
2017 Hashd freed Qairawan subdistrict of Sinjar Ninewa 

Friday, May 22, 2020

Review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from George W. Bush to Barack Obama


Gordon, Michael and Trainor, General Bernard, The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from George W. Bush to Barack Obama, New York: Pantheon, 2012

The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from George W. Bush to Barack Obama is an expensive history of the U.S. involvement in Iraq from the 2003 Invasion to the military withdrawal in 2011. Authors Michael Gordon and retired General Bernard Trainor said they would cover the political and military battles the Americans fought in Iraq and why they happened. Their argument was that both the Bush and Obama administrations made a series of strategic mistakes throughout the war. The problem was the explanations were lost in all the minutia.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 22


1915 City of Najaf rose up for 3 days against Ottomans in middle of British invasion of Iraq
1919 Sheikh Mohmoud Barzanji started rebellion against British in Sulaymaniya
1941 Iraq attempt to recapture Fallujah failed
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 Battle of Fallujah)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 Regent of Iraq along with Nuri al-Said arrived at British base at Habaniya, Anbar Said sent letter to
Iraqi commander in Ramadi who agreed to switch sides
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1948 Iraqi army defeated in Battle of Gesher and retreated to West Bank in 1st Arab-Israeli War
1975 PUK formed when Maosit Komala led by Nirshurwan Mustafa social democratic Bezutnawa
led by Ali Askari and KDP’s Talabani joined
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1979 Start of 9 days of protests against Bakr govt led by Dawa
1981 Iraq counterattack against Iran Op Imam Ali in Susangard Khuzistan failed
1984 Reagan briefed on study that said there should be a military embargo on both Iran and Iraq Reagan
agreed to policy
1986 US Amb to Iraq asked Eximbank to open up new lines of credit to Iraq to help it through Iran-Iraq
War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
2003 UN Res 1483 made US and England occupying powers of Iraq and ended sanctions on Iraq Also
created Development Fund for Iraq to help pay for rebuilding using oil revenue
2003 Bremer told Bush Iraq needed new constitution then elections then sovereignty returned Also
proposed disbanding Iraqi military Bush approved Bremer also told NSC and no one objected Reversed Pentagon-ORHA plan to recall army for security and rebuilding
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)
2003 CPA and official from Def Sec Rumsfeld’s office drafted CPA Order 2 to disband Iraq’s military
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2003 Story CIA started internal review of its pre-war Iraq intelligence
2004 Neocon supporters of INC’s Chalabi told NatlSecAdv Rice that US needed to stop harassing him
Came after US forces raided Chalabi’s house claiming he had passed intel to Iran
(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)
2004 INC met with Nat Sec Adv Rice complaining US had abandoned Chalabi
2005 Joint US-Iraqi operation started to clear Abu Ghraib in west Baghdad
2005 Sadr sent delegation to meet Sunni clerics in an attempt to stop sectarian violence
2006 Bush said Iraq at a turning point and heading in right direction towards democracy Said PM Maliki
govt turning point for Middle East
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)
(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)
2006 Report US failure to adequately plan for Iraqi police led to militia and criminal take over 2004
US military took over police training and still inadequate Gen Eaton put in charge of effort in March 2004 and his budget was cut 20% Said that showed not priority in Washington Summer 2005 Gen Petraeus took over program and claimed he began meaningful reforms Audit found 5,000 Iraqi police had criminal records including taking part in insurgency Pre-war Bush admin thought Iraqi police not an issue and rejected Justice Dept plan to use 1000s of police advisers US initially hoped Basra police would be early success because back on duty in 03 and no insurgency but quickly taken over by gangs political parties militias Politicians appointed police chiefs in Basra who hired friends relatives tribesmen Came to be dominated by Badr and Mahdi Army Basra police carrying out sectarian violence and enforcing religious rules of militias Demanding kickbacks to join force Helping smugglers Summer 05 Basra police chief Gen Sawadi said he didn’t trust his own force and couldn’t control them Interior Ministry tried to reform Basra police but failed Started with Internal Affairs which turned into crime ring Trials failed against corrupt officers British Gen Mackay warned that unless Coalition regulated Iraqi police commandos they would become personal army for Interior Ministry Former Interior Minister Nakib warned Sec Def Rumsfeld in April 2005 that Shiite parties were going to take over commandos with their militias Former Interior Minister Jabr denied any abuses by police and blamed other ministries Jabr let his Badr Brigade take over police and commandos US military played down sectarian killings and abuses by commandos
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2006 Report corruption endemic in Iraq Transportation Min bought 2 planes for $3 mil each that should
have been less than $1 mil Defense Min made $1 bil in questionable arms purchases Interior Min had at least 1100 ghost employees costing $1.3 mil a month
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
2006 Report of 3000 corruption cases in Iraq only 780 went to court Only few dozen got verdict
2006 Of 40 corruption cases against high ranking Iraqi officials only 1 got verdict for Interior Ministry
official
2008 US got ISF to arrest Gen Zamel head of prisons for abuse torture extortion of prisoners extra
judicial killings and providing weapons to Mahdi Army
2011 Red Cross interviewed people tortured by ISF at Camp Honor in Baghdad
2013 Pres Barzani attacked PYD for arresting KDP affiliated group in Syria
2014 KRG provincial election results released Gorran won most seats in Sulaymaniya
2014 Oil Ministry warned potential buyers not to buy 1st shipment of independent KRG oil
2014 Mutahidun and Sadrists rejected 3rd term for PM Maliki
2015 Joint Chiefs Head Gen Dempsey said would take 3 years or more to defeat IS
2016 PM Abadi announced start of attack upon Fallujah in war vs IS

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Did Iraq’s PM Make Up A Story of Capturing An Islamic State Leader?

(Al Sumaria)
In the midst of the latest campaign by the Islamic State newly appointed Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kazemi might have manufactured a false victory against the insurgents. On May 20, the Iraqi National Intelligence Service, which Kazemi still heads, announced that it captured a high level IS operative Abd Nasser Qirdash. It claimed that Qirdash was considered to be one of the successors to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi after he was killed by the Americans. Qirdash was a member of IS’s Delegative Committee which is charge of the group’s departments such as security, religious affairs, funding, media, etc. The problem with the story was that Qirdash was not captured by the Iraqis. In fact, he surrendered to the Syrian Democratic Forces last year who recently turn him over to Baghdad.  

This Day In Iraqi History - May 21


1847 Treaty of Arzurum tried to set border between Ottoman Empire and Persia Gave Sulaymaniya
to Ottomans Shatt al-Arab to Persia Set up commission to demarcate border between Ottomans and Persia but never finished
(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)
1919 UK PM George abrogated Long-Berenger UK-French oil deal due to disagreement
with France over Iraq-Syrian border George wanted Iraq to extend to Mediterranean
(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
1924 Turkey told Constantinople Conference Assyrians should return to Turkey
(Musings On Iraq review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)
1928 British official said Iraqi provincial administrators picked who would be elected to parliament
1941 Iraqis launched counterattack attempting to retake Fallujah from British Entered town
(Musings On Iraq article on 1941 Battle of Fallujah)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 German planes bombed UK air base at Habaniya for a second day
1941 Iraq launched raids into Basra city suburbs but failed
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1970 Pres Bakr issued Agrarian Reform Law to increase living conditions for peasants and increase farm
production
1974 UN Sec Gen said Iran and Iraq agreed to withdraw forces and open talks over border disputes
1981 Iran Op Imam Ali launched to eliminate Iraqi threat to Susangard in Khuzistan
1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Broke through Iraqi defenses around Khorramshahr in south Iraqi forces
panicked and started to flee Only 40% made it back to Iraq Iran captured 12,000 prisoners 2000 prisoners summarily executed by Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1987 2nd phase of govt collectivization program started to destroy Kurdish towns and force people
into govt run villages
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)
1991 Kuwait asked for half of Iraq’s oil earnings as reparation for invasion
1999 UN Res 1242 renewed Oil For Food Program for 6th months
2002 Gen Franks lied to press saying he had no Iraq war plans and had not been asked to make any Franks
had been working on war plans since Nov 2001
(Musings On Iraq review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)
2003 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz ordered army to help CPA with staff and contracting because CPA
undermanned
2003 Report CIA believed 3 trailers found in Iraq were mobile WMD labs Sec State Powell talked about in
UN speech
2003 Report that US showed picture of trailers to Iraqi in Germany known as CURVEBALL who confirmed
they were WMD labs
(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)
(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)
(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)
2004 CPA set up group to integrate militias into ISF Never happened
2006 Report Iran thought to have trained 40,000 militia in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 Report US failed to adequately plan to rebuild Iraqi police After invasion went through 3 failed plans
By 2004 only sent 500 police advisers for all of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2008 CENTCOM commander Gen Dempsey said ISI at its weakest point in Iraq
2008 US commander for northern Iraq said attacks in Mosul down 85% after Mother of Two Springs op
there
2008 Pres Talabani said Iraq would be able to handle its own security without help
            of US by end of 2008 Didn’t happen
2008 Female suicide bomber hit Sahwa HQ in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2010 Reports that both Iran and US supported 2nd term for PM Maliki
2012 KRG announced energy deals with Turkey Baghdad warned KRG it could not sign independent oil            deals with Turkey
2012 Oil Min Shahristani ordered ministry to stop petrol deliveries to KRG Would later deny he gave order
2013 Sheikh Hayes threatened to tear down protest tents in Ramadi if didn’t disperse after attacks on ISF
and kidnappings
2013 KRG said it wanted to build a second independent oil pipeline to Turkey
2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed US and PM Abadi for fall of Ramadi Claimed US had kept Hashd out
Hashd had been in Anbar for months
(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Iraq Launches Security Op In Response To New Islamic State Offensive

Plenty of weapons were found in sweep through Anbar Ninewa and Salahddin but very few Islamic State members (Buratha News)


In April the Islamic State started a new campaign in Iraq. In response, the government announced a large sweep through Anbar, Ninewa and Salahaddin to cut off the Islamic State’s supply lines. These large operations usually have little to no effect upon the insurgency for a number of reasons.

This Day In Iraqi History - May 20


1941 German planes attacked British Habaniya air base in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)
1950 1st flight of Near East Air Transport Took Iraqi Jews to Israel Airline was owned by Jewish Agency
            who worked to get Jews to move to Israel
1950 When Israel created Iraqi govt banned immigration Mar 1950 govt allowed temporary immigration
            for one year Stripped Jews of Iraqi citizenship and govt confiscated their property
1950 Note from Lebanese Amb in Baghdad to Syrian Foreign Minister Bey said Iraq wanted to seize
            Syria
(Musings On Iraq review of Ropes Of Sand that includes Iraq plots against Syria)
1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Entered Khorramshahr and destroyed bridge over Shatt al-Arab
            waterway
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)
1984 Iraq sank Panamanian oil tanker in Persian Gulf in tanker war
(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1985 Iranian offensive into Iraqi southern marshes to seize Basra-Baghdad highway ended in failure
1985 Saudis offered peace deal while Prince Faisal visited Iran Rejected by Tehran
1986 Iran ended Op Al Fajr 9 in Kurdistan
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1987 Iraq ended 1st phase of attacks upon Kurdish villages
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)
1991 Bush said he would oppose lifting sanctions on Iraq as long as Saddam was in power
(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)
(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)
1994 SCIRI claimed start of military campaign in Maysan marshes against Iraqi govt forces
1996 Iraq and UN signed memo allowing Oil for Food program
2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld asked Gen Franks to plan for a fortress Baghdad scenario
(Musings On Iraq review of Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)
2003 Bremer sent Bush letter saying that deBaathification wasn’t enough to end Baath rule in Iraq Needed
            to disband military
(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)
2003 Iraqis met with British rep to Iraq and demanded an interim govt
2003 US forces arrested Saddam’s Min of Industry Hwaish and VP Marouf
2004 CIA and US military raided Chalabi’s home in Baghdad Accused him of providing intel to Iran
Chalabi claimed it was retaliation for his criticism of US
2004 US had arrest warrant for INC intelligence head Habib but he’d fled
2004 US called off assault on Mahdi Army in old city Karbala
2004 NSC meeting asked what would happen if new sovereign Iraq asked US to leave
2004 Report US interrogators told guards at Abu Ghraib prison to strip prisoners make them wear
women’s close before questioning
2004 US army admitted lost Red Cross reports of abuse at Abu Ghraib prison due to bureaucracy
2005 US 1st Cav Div collected more than 100 abuse cases by ISF over 6 months including beatings,
electrocutions, choking in Baghdad
2005 US 3rd Inf Div collected 28 cases of abuse by Iraqi units in Baghdad
2006 1st Maliki cabinet approved but with no Interior Defense or National Security Ministers Interior
Min Jabr switched to Finance Min in new cabinet because he allowed Badr Brigade to take over ministry and police under Jaafari govt
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 PM Maliki laid out 33 point program with terrorism fighting corruption and services top 3
2006 Defense Min adviser said violence so bad in Basra murderers were running free
2007 Report Sadr set up reconciliation committee and held talks with Sunni politicians and insurgents
including 192 Revolution Brigades Also sent representative to Syria Egypt and Persian Gulf for talks
2008 Mother of Two Springs op ended in Mosul without success
2008 10,000 ISF deployed to Sadr City after Sadr ceasefire finally took effect
2008 Female suicide bomber attacked Sahwa and police station in Rutba Anbar Another female suicide
bomber hit Sahwa leader in Mandali Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2009 Report only 17,000 of 94,000 Sahwa given govt jobs so far
2010 Sadr said he was returning to Iraq after leaving for Iran in 07 over fear of US assassination during
Surge
2010 Sadr leader said that Sadrists opposed 2nd term for PM Maliki
2010 US said Iran training and arming militiamen to destabilize Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2010 KRG said it would start oil exports the next day and Baghdad okayed it Demanded Baghdad pay oil
companies in KRG
2011 5 Madhi Army commanders escaped Taji prison
2012 PUK and KDP Finance Ministries said they had merged
2012 KRG said it was building independent oil pipeline to Turkey Said it would reach 2 mil/bar/day in
production by 2014 Didn’t make that mark
2012 Meeting of political leaders decided to hold off on no confidence vote against PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2013 ISIS launched 11 car bombs leaving 137 dead
2013 PM Maliki said fake bomb detectors worked 20-50% of the time
2013 Anbar councilman said foreign companies were fleeing province due to increasing violence
2013 Cabinet announced provincial elections in Anbar and Ninewa would occur Jun 20
2014 Iraqi intel warned army that large ISIS attack on Mosul coming in June
2014 Iraqi army said it was surrounding Fallujah Said it controlled Saqlawiya but untrue
(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Shows Battle Against Insurgents Will Be Long And Often Futile)
2014 KRG parliament voted Qubad Talabani Dep PM
2014 Electricity and Municipality depts in Sulaymaniya protested over not being paid salaries Part of
economic crisis in KRG
2014 KRG oil started being loaded on tanker in Turkey for first time
2015 Gorran said it would support extending Pres Barzani’s term if KRG switched to parliamentary
system
2016 Sadrists took over Green Zone for second time Led to clash with ISF 4 protesters killed
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Security In Iraq, May 15-21, 2020

For the third week in a row the Islamic State picked up the number of attacks in Iraq. The insurgents are back to the same level of operat...