The problems with Kazemi’s policy all start at the top. First of all the government said that it would be providing a stipend to all the IDPs who are forced out of camps. Baghdad is facing a huge budget deficit due to the drop in oil prices. It can’t pay its own public workers let alone IDPS. Second, Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have both warned that many of the displaced cannot go home due to the threat of reprisals. As the governor of Ninewa recently noted some IDPs cannot return because many tribal leaders have banned Islamic State families. There are other issues as well facing IDPs such as leftover bombs, lack of government papers, few services, no jobs and insecurity. The International Organization for Migration the premier group assisting IDPs assessed 2,055 return locations in Iraq have severe conditions as a result. These cover almost every postwar area in Iraq from Sinjar in west Ninewa to Qaim and Hit in western Anbar to Baiji in Salahaddin to Muqdadiya in central Diyala. As a result the United Nations reported roughly 1/3 of the people who have left camps since they’ve been closing have not returned. The government has no strategy to help people going back to their original areas. This should be no surprise as Kazemi is looking for a political victory in this matter rather than hoping to help the displaced. He wants to claim he solved the IDP issue one of the lasting legacies of the war against the Islamic State before next year’s election.
The Displacement Ministry at the end of November admitted to the short sightedness of the government. It started an emergency housing plan for IDPs that can’t go home. Baghdad has thus gone from paying for the displaced in camps to renting them apartments because of its own ineptitude.
Human Rights Watch, “Iraq: Camp Expulsions Leave Families Homeless, Vulnerable,” 12/2/20
International Organization for Migration, “Return Index, Findings Round Ten – Iraq,” November 2020
Jangiz, Khazan, “Baghdad launches ‘emergency IDP housing pla amid ongoing camp closures,” 11/30/20
Johnston, Holly, “Camp closures endanger thousands of displaced Iraqis with perceived ISIS ties: Amnesty,” Rudaw, 11/24/20
Al Mada, “Tribal leaders renew their refusal to receive ISIS families with the camps file close to being closed,” 12/5/20
Mahmoud, Sinan, “UN ‘gravely’ concerned for safety of IDPs forced from camps in Iraq,” The National, 12/1/20
NRT, “Five Iraqi IDP Camps To Close Down In Near Future: Official,” 10/20/20
- “Last IDP Camp Closed In Kirkuk Governorate, Says Iraqi Displacement Minister,” 12/1/20