Sunday, July 31, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 31 Foreign companies divided up Iraq’s petroleum concession

(Wikipedia)

 

1918 UK oil expert Adm Slade wrote 1st Lord of the Admiralty Sir Geddes that UK should seize as much oil

as possible which included fields in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1924 MP Chalabi rejected quotas in new parliament for minorities claiming everyone would be

represented

1928 Red Line Agreement allowed British Dutch French US Turkish oil companies to jointly control

Turkish Petroleum Company Would lead to Iraq Petroleum Company

1968 Pres Bakr said that 1968 coup was an extension of the 1958 coup

1982 Iraq claimed it crushed Iranian Op Ramadan to seize Basra Retook most lost territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1983 Iraqi army took 8,000 men from Barzani clan and executed them Retaliation for KDP taking part in

recent Iranian offensive in Kurdistan

1986 Iraqi air force launched most devastating attack upon Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port Knocked

out its ability to load tankers Let Iranians off the hook by not attacking again

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 King Fahd and Pres Mubarak tried to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait Saddam told

Saudis nothing serious would happen with Kuwait

1990 Kuwait emir told his representative to not give into any Iraqi demands at meeting in Saudi Arabia

between 2 nations

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Saddam’s deputy Izzat al-Duri said that Kuwait was driving Iraq to kill it after rejected all of Iraq’s

demands

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 AsstSecState Kelly told House US had no defense treaty with Gulf States and didn’t take position on

border disputes or OPEC Said US would be concerned if Iraq invaded Kuwait but had no treaties with it

1990 Pentagon said it was committed to individual and collective defense of its allies in the Gulf

1990 Iraqi commanders told of Kuwait invasion plan

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

1990 US Central Command cmdr Gen Schwarzkopf warned White House Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

1990 US told Saudis and Kuwaitis that Iraq had issued ammunition to troops along Kuwait

border

2002 Iraq Foreign Minister Sabri said Baghdad rejected return of UN inspectors Said they would just

collect intel for US strikes

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Bush said US goal was regime change but denied any war plans were on his desk Part of strategy to

work on war plans while publicly denying it

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2002 Senate Foreign Relations Comm began hearing on Iraq invasion

2002 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Senate Comm time helped Saddam erode sanctions and spread terrorism

2002 NSA had drill on Iraq Found it had little signals intel on country

2002 Report Iraq working on nuclear program quoted fmr UN inspector Kay and INC defectors Hamza and

Haideri May 02 Haideri labeled fabricator by DIA

2002 INC defector ex-nuke scientist Hamza testified to Senate Foreign Relations Comm claiming Iraq only

lacked uranium to build nuke bomb in 1994

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Iraq conspiracy theorist Mylroie interviewed on CNN Said Bush was going to invade Iraq because of

WMD and its ties to terrorism including 9/11 Accused CIA of covering up Iraq’s involvement in 9/11

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2003 Sadr announced 10,000 man Islamic army being formed in Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2003 Report several Iraqi scientists interviewed by US said Saddam had not restarted its nuclear or WMD

programs

2003 National Sec Adv Rice said international intel agencies all agreed with US that Iraq had WMD US

would prove right that Saddam was threat to world

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 US forces found Iraqi jets buried at Taqadum airbase west of Baghdad Helped explain why Iraqi air

force didn't fight during invasion

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t The Iraqi Air Force Fight During The 2003 Invasion?)

2003 Report White House official said wasn’t strong evidence that Iraq involved in 9/11

2004 US arrested Sadrist Sheikh Hasnawi in Karbala Mahdi Army kidnapped police in Najaf in response

2006 Displacement Min said 182,154 had been displaced since Askari shrine bombing in Feb 2006

2006 Police in 15 SUVs kidnapped 25 people from Iraqi American Chamber of Commerce and Rawi

telephone company in central Baghdad Never seen again

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Iraqi Health Min and Baghdad Morgue reported avg 110 Iraqis killed per day in July Mostly at hands

of militias and death squads rather than insurgents

2007 VP Cheney said that he was wrong when he said insurgency in its last throes in 2005 Said that

benchmarks didn’t reduce violence and insurgency stronger than he thought

2007 2/3 of US casualties in Iraq were caused by militias in July

2008 US and Iraq missed deadline to sign Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq US wanted residual military

force to stay in Iraq after official withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Missed Deadlines)

2008 Kirkuk council threatened to annex province to Kurdistan

2008 Police shut down Sahwa group in Kut Wasit Formed political party to run in 2009 elections PM

Maliki opposed US creating Sahwa in Shiite areas seeing them as threat to his base

(Musings On Iraq Recent Government And Sons of Iraq Relations)

2012 France’s Total signed contracts for two oil blocks in KRG to work with Marathon Oil Ignored warnings from Baghdad Already had contract with Baghdad for Halfaya oil field Total said KRG gave better terms than Baghdad

2012 Electricity Min said power problems would be solved by end of 2013 Didn’t happen

2013 Report ISI had recovered Launched 45 mass casualty attacks per month with regular multi-city

bombings Tribes along Syrian border signed non-aggression pacts with ISI US withdrawal helped group

2013 Report Increase in voters in Dohuk and Irbil but decrease in names on voter lists KRG parliament

said last 12 yrs 180,000 died but only 440 names removed from voter roles PUK complained about 10,000 dead people voting 39 MPs asked for 94,000 repeated names to be taken off voter lists Election Comm said they weren’t repeats but people with same names

2014 Report 200 Iranian soldiers entered Sulaymaniya on way to Kirkuk Assisted by PUK Were there to

help against IS

2014 Report Hashd had hit lists of IS suspects in Diyala who they wanted to assassinate One man arrested

and body strung up on pole along with 14 other bodies Police officer in Baquba said police share info with Hashd

2014 Babil Ops Command claimed secured Jurf al-Sakhr dist 3rd time declared freed It wasn’t

2014 Report IS infiltrated back into Jalawla sub-dist NEDiyala after Peshmerga cleared area

2014 Human Rights Watch Hashd detaining and executing Sunni civilians in Baghdad Diyala Babil

Documented 61 killings from Jun to start of Jul 48 killed Mar-Apr Mass executions in Hilla Babil and Muqdadiya Diyala Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed for many killings As security deteriorated PM Maliki turned to Hashd Mar Maliki met with advisers and said new security force made up of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Kataib Hezbollah Badr was operating in Baghdad

2015 Protest in Baghdad Basra Najaf over lack of electricity Called for Electricity Min to step down

2015 Report Went with Asaib Ahl Al-Haq unit in Baiji Salahaddin Asaib Ahl Al-Haq attacking area from

south Kataib Hezbollah from north Army not involved Asaib unit just returned from Syria Asaib commander criticized army Said it had no leadership or spirit to fight Said war was between Sunnis and Shiites and army had no place Blamed army for losing Baiji refinery to IS Badr’s Amiri told US Amb he didn’t want US air strikes because they would target Hashd Said Hashd would not disarm after war Would be third force along with army and police

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 Sadr’s Saraya al-Salam fought Jaish al-Moumal breakaway faction in west Baghdad 1 dead

13 wounded Group broke away after gained support of Maliki Was against Sadr joining protests Wanted to be more involved in Syria

2016 Human Rights Watch Badr Kataib Hezbollah Federal Police beat hundreds of displaced

Sunni men during Fallujah op Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Jund al-Imam rounded up families fleeing Jazeera Salahaddin and put them in warehouse in Tikrit 1 report groups executed men in families After IS bombed café in Diyala in Jan Badr and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq attacked civilians in town Badr Ali Akbar Brigades Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Saraya Khorasan Jund al-Imam looted and destroyed homes in Dour Ajeel parts of Tikrit Mar-Apr 2015 Sunni Hashd destroyed property in Alam Salahddin in 2015 Apr 2015 Hashd and Federal Police executed people in Tikrit Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq accused of taking away 160 people from Dour Salahaddin Never seen again Oct 2014 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Badr Saraya Khorasan Kataib Hezbollah destroyed around 30 villages around Amerli Salahaddin Also kidnapped Sunnis from Amerli

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

2016 Report Sadr tried to join Baghdad protest movement in Jul

2017 Report Saudis attempting new role in Iraq to counter Iran Saudis decided just backing Sunni

parties failed Wanted to back Shiites not aligned with Iran Saudis wanted to restore diplomatic relations open border ease religious and media rhetoric on Iraq Reached out to Sadr

2017 16 families fled Qara Tapa in NEDiyala after threats by IS

2018 Human Rights Watch report No due process in Iraqi legal system Judges ignored torture allegations in

cases even after asked for report and told signs of torture present Torture banned in constitution

2018 PM Abadi said he would meet demands of protesters Said govt would publish names of officials sent

to Integrity Comm for corruption

2018 Sit-in protest in Muthanna and Burjisiya oil field in Basra for 3rd day Sit in protests outside West

Qurna 1 oil field and Basra council building broken up by ISF Protests in Baghdad Dhi Qar Qadisiyah

2018 Iraq Human Rights Commission said protesters beaten and tortured after arrest and reporters attacked

for covering demonstrations 1 shot

2018 Peshmerga Min Sinjari held ceremony for PUK’s 70 Unit and KDP’s 70 Unit to unify under

ministry Didn’t happen

2018 PUK said Iraqi presidency was exclusively for it and wouldn’t talk about changing it

2019 Report Israeli defense official said Iranian presence in Iraq was a threat Said Iran

moving missiles into Iraq that could reach Israel

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2019 Report Hashd took over scrap metal business in Mosul Earned millions Hashd denied

story Hashd also taken over businesses around Fallujah

2019 Report Court issued warrant for commander of 30th Hashd Brigade in Ninewa

Attacked a judge in court MP said unit tried to assassinate him

2020 Protests in Basra Wasit Dhi Qar over electricity shortages Govt building in Karbala burned

2020 PM Kazemi announced early elections in June Were delayed to October because ruling

parties afraid they would lose power

2021 Activist’s house in Babil bombed and destroyed

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, July 30, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 30 Pres Bakr accused PM Naif and Defense Minister of trying to overthrow govt PM Arrested Allowed Bakr to consolidate power Saddam appointed Dep Sec Gen of Baath Party

(Wikipedia)

 

1920 War Min Churchill approved sending division to Mesopotamia from India to put down 1920

Revolt

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Report French disarmed many Assyrians who had tried to get into Syria from Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1963 Baath govt re-opened talks with Barzani after military campaign stalled

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1968 Pres Bakr accused Def Min Daud and PM Naif of attempting to take over govt PM Naif arrested and

became Ambassador to Morocco Daud sent to Jordan Baath then purged govt of opponents

1968 Pres Bakr became prime minister and commander and chief of armed forces consolidating his power

Appointed Saddam deputy secretary general of Baath Party

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam His Rise and Fall)

1982 Iraq launched major counterattack against Iran’s Op Ramadan in Basra Halted by Iranians

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1983 Iran ended Op Wa al-Fajr 2 in Kurdistan Retook 195 sq km of Iranian territory Seized 220 sq

km of Iraqi land Cut KDPI supply lines and forced it to withdraw west KDP given control of Haj Omran pass

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iran started Op Wa al-Fajr 3 to free Mehran Iran and then invade Wasit and cut Baghdad-Basra

highway Iraq discovered plan and launched pre-emptive strike Iran launched night attack infiltrating behind Iraqi lines

1983 Iraqi army began raids through villages and displaced camps in Irbil Arrested all Kurdish males

1988 Iran and Iraq started talks at UN for ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam offered to withdraw his troops from Iran and settle Shatt al-Arab differences to prepare for

Kuwait invasion

1990 DIA analyst told DIA Dir Soyster Iraq could overrun Kuwait and northern Saudi Arabia and US would

have no warning Said that Saddam was going to use force vs Kuwait and Kuwait would make no concessions to Iraq

1990 DIA Dir Soyster disagreed with analyst about Iraq’s intentions to invade Kuwait but passed

assessment to Sec Def Cheney and Gen Powell

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Report Iraq had 100,000 troops on Kuwait border State Dept officials said it was a bluff

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Jordan’s King Hussein called Emir of Kuwait 2nd time Told him Iraq would not invade

1991 Iraq admitted to have four times as many chemical munitions as it claimed before to UN weapons

inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1992 Iraqi forces surrounded Shiite rebels in southern marshes and bombed them

1996 CIA report head of Iraq intel met bin Laden in Sudan and provided bomb making know how False

report bin Laden left Sudan May 96 and no reports he returned afterward

1998 Iraq declaration demanded that sanctions be lifted and complained about inspections

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2002 PM Blair’s foreign policy adv Manning told Bush UK with US against Iraq but had to go through UN

2002 UK attorney general Goldsmith told PM Blair without UN resolution war against Iraq illegal

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 French Pres Chirac said that Germany and France would only support an invasion of Iraq if backed

by a UN resolution

2002 Fmr head UN inspector Ekeus said US manipulated 90s inspections to spy on Iraqi security services

and find location of Saddam Said US wanted to create crises to justify attacks on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

2003 Bush admitted Iraq-Africa uranium story should not have been included in his State of Union speech

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said Saddam was a threat and he had WMD Said Iraq was buying all kinds of

            equipment for centrifuges including aluminum tubes Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Sec State Powell in Iraq said US worried about Iran’s influence in southern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Oxfam found Maliki govt spent 22% of its development budget and 99% of its salary allocation in

2006

2007 Report Interior Ministry split between Dawa Badr Kurds Badr and Kurds fighting for control of intel

service Kurd dep minister faced death threats from Badr dep minister Almost all Sunnis purged Interior Min trying to purge militias from ministry

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Fmr Amb to Iraq Khalilzad said that Saudis were undermining US effort in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2007 State Dept report PM Maliki claimed Accordance Front boycott of his cabinet was

backed by outside Arab countries meaning Saudis

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2008 U.S. forces officially withdrew troops from Iraqi cities

2008 Sadr said he was leading a nationalist movement against the US and needed to restrain abuses and

violence of Mahdi Army Said militia would not operate in cities or target civilians or govt only US military

2008 Report PM Maliki replaced head of South Oil Company and fired heads of gas tanker and refinery

companies in Basra Replaced them with loyalists to control resources before 2009 election

2008 Report 103,000 Sahwa Baghdad promised to take over program Only 15% integrated into ISF US

created vocational school because govt not following through with promises of integrating Sahwa but few wanted training

2008 US govt report Iraqi provinces outside of KRG only spent 2.7% of investment budget Maysan did best Spent

17.4% Ministries in Ninewa Diwaniya Basra Muthanna Diyala Anbar did not spend any of their investment budgets in 07-08

2008 US govt report Oct 06 Iraq passed Regions Formation Law Feb 08 passed Provincial Powers Law

Neither could be implemented until provincial elections Didn’t happen until Jan 09

2009 Report Salahaddin Army Islamic Army of Iraq Baathists and ex-military met Agreed to work together

2009 US released 2 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq cmdrs Part of deal with UK and Iraq to free 10 cmdrs in return for 5

Brits kidnapped by group 4 were already dead killed by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 US govt report 17,000 sahwa given jobs 13,000 in ISF None hired since Apr 09 Number given jobs in

other ministries drastically declined 41 leaders arrested Nov 08-July 09

2009 Report 900 sahwa in Adhamiya Baghdad Army unit in area arrested 7 sahwa Jul arrested 2nd

in command security chief neighborhood leader Mar-Apr 2 dozen sahwa leaders arrested by Maliki govt Fewer arrested in May due to US complaints

2009 Report Iraq would have to import 70% of its food 08-09 twice as many dusty days as

previous 4 yrs Agriculture Min est 90% of land either desert or suffering from desertification Arable land eroding at 5%/yr Rainfall down 80% in 08 09 expected to be down 50%

2009 Police arrested gang that robbed $6.8 bil from Rafidain bank in Baghdad Killed 8 guards

Members of VP Abdul Mahdi’s bodyguard were involved

2010 Fmr Dep PM Prescott testified to Chilcot Inquiry Said intel on Iraq WMD went beyond

evidence Said 04 Butler Inquiry found pre-war intel wrong Didn’t like Sep 02 WMD dossier that claimed Iraq could launch WMD in 45 mins Made him question intel overall Acknowledged that intel agencies might have made conclusions based upon intl because that’s how it worked Said Attn Gen Lord Goldsmith uncomfortable with Blair’s demand for legal ok for war Said VP Cheney considered Iraq unfinished business that needed to be taken care of Said Cheney set on invasion Rejected MI5 chief Manningham-Buller’s testimony no terrorist threat from Iraq before war She was on committee that put together Sep 02 dossier Said Blair never told him he committed to war with Iraq when met Bush in 02

2010 US govt report Sahwa attacked by insurgency Around 41,000 of 94,000 sahwa offered govt

jobs Since May Def Min halted all hiring of sahwa on orders from Maliki govt Said would restart after elections Didn’t happen Jun govt only paid 85% of sahwa 50% of Baghdad sahwa not paid Apr-May Sahwa complained felt defenseless Got menial jobs Arrested by govt

2010 US govt report Govt and Central Bank of Iraq don’t keep good records of spending Didn’t

know what money used what misused what not spent 

2012 Report PM Maliki took over Integrity Comm Sep head quit and Maliki named successor despite

parliament saying that it was their power All corruption files sent to PM’s office afterward Maliki fired and replaced inspector generals he wanted Jan Maliki fired 3o f them and threatened to get rid of position completely

2012 US govt report Jun reconciliation adv to PM Maliki sais sahw would be shut down in 2013 Said

wantd to close sahwa in 2011 Said 2013 budget would only pay sahwa who got govt jobs Govt claimed 70,000 sahwa had govt jobs 30,000 without

2013 Report ISI targeted sahwa in Diyala Offered rewards to anyone that killed a sheikh who led a sahwa

unit ISI sent threatening texts

2013 Parliament’s energy comm said power problems wouldn’t end until 2020 Said Dep PM Shahristani

and Electricity Min Aftan misled parliament Both said Iraq would end its power problems by end of 2013

2013 PM Maliki announced govt giving land to poor in slums of Baghdad Was for patronage

2014 IS fought Naqshibandi again in Sadiya Diyala 5 IS fighters killed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2015 Protests in Arbat and Darabandikhan, KRG and Nasiriya and Amara over lack of services and

electricity

2015 Report Yazidis returning ton Sinjar Ninewa carried out revenge attacks on Arabs Yazidis

accused Arabs of helping IS Criticized KRG for seizing land during war with IS Amnesty Intl said 21 Arabs killed in Sibaya 40 others kidnapped 17 of whom were thought to be killed Man said all houses in town destroyed along with those in neighboring Sayer Sheikh said Yazidis and PKK destroyed 22 villages in 7 months Displaced 10,000 Arabs

2017 Ex-Ninewa Gov Nujafi said Maliki surrendered Mosul to IS and worked with Iran to promote

Hashd and occupy city after it was liberated Said if his National Guard were used in Mosul Battle would have gone better Part of recriminations over who was responsible

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 20 Jul 30 2017)

2018 Protest in Samawa and 2nd day of sit ins outside of West Qurna 1 and Burjisiya oil fields in Basra

2019 30th Hashd Brigade said order to withdraw from Ninewa Plains was only made orally

and didn’t come from PM Abdul Mahdi Hashd spokesman said PM would recall withdrawal order Said PM only made order because of political pressure and false stories vs Hashd Both PM Abadi and PM Abdul Mahdi ordered brigade to withdraw

2019 Deadline for Hashd to follow PM Abdul Mahdi’s executive order to end using names

for brigades Not be involved in politics Wasn’t followed

2020 Kazemi govt announced that 560 killed in protests over last year and each family would

receive 10 mil dinars in compensation

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Report Public salaries unsustainable but ruling elite didn’t care because used jobs for

patronage Elite thought oil prices would always go up and allow them to add more jobs Iraq population growing so much offsets govt jobs created Number of govt workers tripled from 2004-2014 Growth in govt salaries and pensions meant Baghdad couldn’t spend on investment Led to decline in services Meant jobs only way to maintain patronage and became more important to elite Budgets became about paying govt salaries and pensions investment in oil and little else Made Iraq’s economy impervious to change

2020 Report Investigation into killed protesters contradicted govt’s story Interior Min Ghanmi said

2 protesters killed by police using hunting rifles Were killed by tear gas cannisters Govt denied that

2020 Protests in Karbala Basra Dhi Qar Diwaniya Wasit for services

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, July 29, 2022

Review Wars of Modern Babylon, A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003

Malovany, Pesach, Wars of Modern Babylon, A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2017


 

At 900 pages Wars of Modern Babylon, A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003 by Pesach Malovany better be good. Unfortunately it’s not. Malovany was an Israeli intelligence official who mostly based his book upon Iraqi media reports. That gave Iraq’s perspective of its military engagements throughout its history. That’s missing from most accounts of the country. It came at a cost however as Malovany presented Iraqi propaganda with few comments. That supported Israel’s view of Iraq as a major threat. In the end, there are only two worthwhile parts. That means it’s not worthwhile to read such a large book to get to those sections. 

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 29 Assyrian leader Mar Shimun said he was being detained by govt and would go to League of Nations if Baghdad did nothing about Assyrian demands

(Wikipedia)

 

1933 Assyrian leader Mar Shimun wrote letter to Interior Min Said he was being detained He would help

settle Assyrians If govt did nothing he would go to League of Nations and advocate for Assyrians to leave Iraq Letter sent to ambassadors in Iraq embarrassing govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1959 Qasim condemned cruelty and fanaticism of Communists during his crackdown on party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1968 Baath had Def Min Daud visit Jordan so that party could take control of military while he was gone

Daud arrested when he arrived in Jordan Sent into exile as ambassador to Saudi Arabia

1982 Iraq counterattacked Regained some lost territory in Basra

1988 Mujahedeen e-Khalq forced to withdraw from 2 Iranian towns ending hopes of Iraq backed revolt

against Khomeini

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 OPEC agreed to raise prices 20% that year under pressure from Iraq that wanted to boost revenues to

rebuild after Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Mukhabarat placed 30 agents at Kuwait oil fields and Kuwait city to help with invasion

1990 Egyptian intelligence sent 2nd report to Pres Mubarak with more details about Iraq’s invasion plans of

Kuwait

1991 Talabani said that without another major international relief effort Kurds would face another disaster

1992 Sec State Baker and Natl Sec Adv Scowcroft met with Ahmed Chalabi Talked about Iraqi

campaign against rebels in south marshes Pushed for southern no fly zone Baker said US would stand with Iraqi opposition Bush wanted to increase pressure on Iraq during presidential campaign

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2002 PM Blair’s foreign policy adv Manning told Rice UK with US against Iraq but had to go through UN

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 NYTimes article on Iraq war plans Mentioned Gen Franks ideas for dealing with defense of Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

2003 US intel report Hezbollah attempted to reach out to Sadr and his Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2003 Report US held Iraqi detainees incommunicado and without access to lawyers

2003 Saddam recording said his sons Uday and Qusay died as martyrs for Iraq and US would be defeated

2007 Report PM Maliki said he couldn’t work with Gen Petraeus Said that if US kept using sahwa he

would arm militias Maliki ally Askari said Petraeus biased against Shiites

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Op Omens of Prosperity in Diyala began Most insurgents fled beforehand because announced days

before National Police told sahwa unit in Baquba some would be arrested for crimes but the rest would be integrated into govt Start of new crackdown on Diyala sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Offensive Begins)

(Musings On Iraq Recent Government And Sons of Iraq Relations)

2008 Report after anti-Sadr op in Maysan Maliki govt promised to purge provincial ISF of Mahdi

Army Pro-ISCI tribes told to sign up for ISF

2008 Report PM Maliki and Dawa officials handed out cash to people in Baghdad to build patronage

network

2008 Report govt arrested Sadrist officials as well as Mahdi Army members Sadr’s rivals took advantage

of situation to assassinate Sadr leaders

2008 Report ISI used to get most of its money from foreigners Foreign fighters often brought cash

Captured ISI papers said 70% of money came from foreigners Number of foreign fighters down 80% from yr ago ISI turned to extortion and robbery

2009 Results of KRG election Barzani re-elected president with 69% of vote KDP-PUK list won 57% of

parliamentary vote Gorran 23%

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Election Results And Implications)

(Musings On Iraq Full Kurdish Election Results)

(Musings On Iraq Ruling Kurdish Parties Try To Co-Opt And Intimidate Opposition)

2009 Report US cmdr in Iraq Gen Odierno said when US withdrew in 2011 Iraq wouldn’t be able

            to defend its airspace

2009 Report Cabinet passed law setting up National Oil Company Couldn’t be created until other

oil laws passed Parliament didn’t pass law until 2018

2010 ISI overran checkpoint in Adhamiya Baghdad in middle of day Killed 10 ISF 4 sahwa 2

civilians

2011 Parliament’s energy comm said 24 hrs of electricity wouldn’t happen until 2013 That was when

Electricity Min said it would have enough capacity Didn’t happen

2011 Protest in Baghdad calling for reforms Met by pro-Maliki demonstrators Maliki followers attacked a

TV crew

2012 Report Electricity Min lost 30% of its output due to people stealing power Demand was 15,000 mw

Production was 8,000 mw KRG still had blackouts despite claim it was producing 24 hrs of electricity

2013 ISI started new car bomb wave as part of Soldiers’ Harvest campaign with 17 bombings

2014 Report US judge okayed seizing oil tanker with KRG oil in Taxes Came after Iraq filed complaint

saying oil was smuggled because didn’t have authorization from govt

2015 Report IS and Naqshibandi fought in Hawija dist Kirkuk with 13 dead

2016 Atheel Nujafi called for Ninewa to be autonomous region after freed by IS

2017 Ex-Ninewa Gov Nujafi blamed Baghdad for IS taking Mosul in 2014 and allowing massacres

Said ISF destroyed Mosul when liberating city Part of recriminations over who was responsible

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 19 Jul 29 2017)

2018 PM Abadi dismissed Electricity Minister Fahadawi until investigation into poor services finished

Was in response to protests

2018 Protests in West Qurna 1 and 2 and Burjisiya oil fields in Basra Basra City Muthanna Baghdad Dhi

Qar

2018 Member of European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations said 14,000 civilians were

wounded during Battle of Mosul 32% were children 4,000 still needed care

2018 Saudi Arabia offered to build solar power plant and sell electricity to Iraq at discount price

Wasn’t approved by Iraq

2019 Hashd Comm head Fayad asked for 2 month extension for Hashd to follow Jul 1

Executive Order by PM Abdul Mahdi to follow PM’s orders End using names for brigades Not be involved in politics Was never followed

2020 Report Palm Jet that ran Baghdad Airport’s VIP terminal threatened by Kataib Hezbollah to

do business with it Group would take 20% of company’s revenues Owner said no Called govt for help Got none Next day Kataib Hezbollah raided VIP terminal and forced owner to sign contract with it Kataib Hezbollah held civil aviation director at gunpoint and forced him to make his deputy a KH member Oct 2019 Kataib Hezbollah company got 12 yr contract at Baghdad and Basra airports even though didn’t have license to operate Contract terminated Part of plan by Kataib Hezbollah and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq to take over Baghdad airport Got its men hired as airport workers and security Could use airport without oversight Some Hashd leaders became rich Bought restaurants nightclubs farms Est $150-$300 bil in Iraqi money held overseas $10 bil is in London real estate Fmr Health Min said govt buying vaccines for $92 mil when could be bought for $15 mil Ministry went after him because contract done by ruling party He resigned Corrupt bought dollars at Central Bank of Iraq dollar auctions using fake manifests for imports Ruling parties used commercial banks they owned to buy dollars at auction and then resold them for a profit Made est $20 bil MP said 1 bank only existed on paper and made $200 mil profit from buying-reselling dollars auctioned 2014 Ahmed Chalabi exposed dollar auctions Parliament investigated and did nothing 2017 Iraq bought $1.66 bil in tomatoes and $2.86 bil in watermelons from Iran Were money laundering ops Hashd registered 70,000 ghost fighters to steal salaries through Qi Cards Scheme created by Hashd leader Abu Muhandis Qi Card owner made deal with political parties and pro-Iran Hashd groups to stay in business 2011 govt signed $148 mil deal to develop part of Sadr City Integrity Comm said fmr mayor and deputies stole $12 mil from contract Hardly anything built Businessman said he got 40 bil dinar govt contract Only spent 10 bil dinars Rest went to payoff govt officials Governors make deals with businessmen to give them contracts to steal money Hashd extorted money form businesses and banks

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2020 Report Pro-Iran Hashd launched info campaign vs UK Amb on social media after he

criticized Hashd Said development and security held back by armed groups operating outside govt Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba said he was lying Posted 2 pictures of amb with blood covering his face

2020 Protests in Muthanna Karbala Dhi Qar Diwaniya Wasit Muthanna over lack of electricity and

against corruption

2021 Quds Force Cmdr Gen Qani told pro-Iran factions to de-escalate attacks upon US targets in Iraq

Didn’t happen

2021 Dep head of KRG parliament’s integrity comm reported on pension fraud Found 80 people

paid cabinet minister pension when only 33 qualified 148 given dep minister pensions when only 67 should have 331 paid govt adv pensions Only 177 should have

2021 KDP official in Khanaqin dist said over 5000 Kurdish families fled since 2017 due to IS Were

up to 40 empty villages in dist

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, July 28, 2022

Sadrists Take Over Iraq’s Parliament Building To Protest PM Candidate - In Pictures

 On July 27 hundreds of Sadrists gathered in Baghdad marched on the Green Zone, breached security and took over the parliament building. They chanted against Iran and the Coordination Framework’s new nominee for prime minister Mohammed al-Sudani. He is a long time member of the Dawa Party and the State of Law list of Sadr’s main rival Nouri al-Maliki. Sadr withdrew his parliamentarians from the government but hopes to use his mass following to block any moves by the Framework. This was his latest escalation in the battle of wills between the two sides. 

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 28 Iranian Revolutionary Guard invaded Kurdistan to fight KDPI Left behind weapons and equipment for PUK to use against KDP

(AFP)

1920 Faisal left Syria after French occupation and defeat of his kingdom Would set sites on Iraq as

next place he wanted to rule

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1920 US complained 2nd time to England about San Remo agreement that divided Iraq’s oil between

England and France

1920 War Min Churchill told UK Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane no reinforcements were to be had

Told Haldane to consult with chief political officer Wilson to formulate policy to deal with 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1927 British report Difficult to settle Assyrians in north because land already inhabited

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1959 Qasim govt disbanded communist led Federation of Trade Unions, arrested members Part of

            push back against communist influence

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1982 Iran made fifth attack in Basra as part of Op Ramadan but failed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1982 During Iranian Op Ramadan Ayatollah Baqir al-Hakim crossed into Iraq from Iran

            Called for uprising vs Saddam

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

1983 Iraq counterattack against Iran Op Wa al-Fajr 2 with heliborne assault that recaptured Mount

Kerde Mand in Iraqi Kurdistan

1985 Iran launched 3rd attack in Ras al-Abed-Sidikan sector of Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq said it was suspending talks with Kuwait over disputes over border and oil

1990 Bush letter to Saddam asked him not to use force in region and hoped for continued good US-Iraq

relations Pentagon tried to block Bush note to Saddam fearing an Iraq invasion of Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 CIA briefed Bush warning that Iraq was going to invade Kuwait

1990 Egyptian intelligence sent report to Pres Mubarak saying Iraq would invade Kuwait within a week

Saddam had assured Mubarak Iraq would not invade Mubarak asked for another report

1990 Jordan’s King Hussein called Kuwait’s emir told him Iraq would not invade

1992 UN inspectors went through Agriculture Min but found nothing as Iraqis had removed all

            WMD docs

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1996 Iranian Revolutionary Guard entered Kurdistan to fight the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran

but also to support the PUK against the KDP Guard went 40 miles into Kurdistan and stayed 72 hours When withdrew left behind weapons for PUK

2002 PM Blair told Bush UK would be with US on Iraq but had to consider difficulties and work on politics

of war

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Wash Post article on Iraq war plans Said many in military wanted containment of Iraq

2003 Blair govt accused of crimes against humanity for Iraq war in Greek court

2004 68 killed in suicide car bomb on police center Baquba Diyala

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 US Inspector General found from 2005-07 Iraqi govt only accepted 435 out of 2797 reconstruction

projects Since Maliki govt took power in 06 accepted few if any projects Finance Min Jabr blamed for not releasing money to take over projects US spent $90 mil to fix 2 turbines at Dora power plant Iraqis didn’t know how to work turbines and used wrong fuel Iraqi govt wouldn’t accept project Meant US turning over projects to provincial and city govts that didn’t have money or know how to run them Problem was US didn’t include Iraqis in projects who had no say in what was built

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2007 PM Maliki ratified dismissal of Basra Gov Waeli who received no confidence vote led by ISCI over

corruption Waeli refused to step down and referred issue to Supreme Court

2008 3 female suicide bombers hit Shiite pilgrims in Baghdad’s Karrada 32 dead 100 wounded

(Musings On Iraq 26th Female Suicide Attack In Iraq Takes Dozens Of Lives In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 Suicide bomber attacked Kurds protesting provincial election results in Kirkuk 24 killed Crowd

burned down Turkmen Front office and attacked Arab councilman’s house afterward

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Frustrations Over Provincial Elections Boil Over After Suicide Bombing)

2014 Badr left State of Law because opposed 3rd term for PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Pressure Grows On Iraq’s Premier Maliki To Give Up On A Third Term)

2015 Fighting between IS and ISF broke out in Qadisiya dist of Ramadi day after it was declared

freed

(Musings On Iraq Battle To Retake Iraq’s Anbar Province Continues)

2015 KDP called for KRG Pres Barzani’s term to be extended for 2 more yrs Was extended 2 yrs in

2013

2016 Report Loss of territory cost IS most of its oil economy Used to truck 50 tankers/day in

Ninewa Down to around 5/day May 2016 US est IS oil revenue dropped $250 mil/yr Apr 2015 IS lost Ajeel and Hamrin fields in Salahaddin IS cut prices to try to keep sales going

2017 Protest in Baghdad Governor said demos legitimate and trying to improve services

            Also demo in Muthanna over electricity

2018 Protests in Baghdad and West Qurna 1 oil field in Basra

2019 Israel allegedly bombed Ashraf air base in Diyala targeting Hashd and Iranian weapons

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2020 Interior Min said criminals worked in Baghdad protest site Attacked protesters and ISF

2020 3rd protester died from being shot by tear gas canister in Baghdad Protests in Najaf Diyala

Dhi Qar Muthanna Basra Diwaniya Wasit

2020 Report ISF blocked protesters from EBaghdad going to Tahrir Sq Activists scared to go to

hospitals because feared being arrested ISF blocked ambulances from entering square

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Electricity Min said hadn’t received any power from Iran for a month Dec 2020 Iran cut

natural gas exports to Iraq for power plant as well

2021 Allawi withdrew from elections called on other parties to boycott as well Iraqi National

Dialogue Front also withdrew

View the Iraq History Timelines 

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 12 1920 Revolt spread to Fallujah During Saddam govt claimed this was start of revolt

(Shia Waves)   1919 Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George saying were too many troops in Mesopotamia that could crush its finances ( Musings O...