Saturday, July 2, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 2 ISIS leader Baghdadi declared caliphate established

(AP)

 

1922 Law passed to establish political parties in Iraq

1923 9 leading Iranian clerics left Iraq for Iran to protest coming parliamentary elections 

1975 Iraq and Saudi Arabia agreed to divide neutral zone set up between two countries by British

after WWI to set new border

1982 Iran attacked Penjwin Sulaymaniya Was stopped

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iran began Op Wa al-Fajr 2 towards Rawanduz Valley Irbil KDP Dawa Badr Brigade

took part Goal was to seize Haj Omran which was KDPI HQ

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Govt began draining southern marshes to force out rebels and displaced

2001 US intel report on confiscated aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy Said did not fit rocket launchers

Did match 1950s German centrifuge design Was untrue

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 UK Def Min secretary told PM Blair’s foreign policy adviser Manning US working on military

plans to remove Saddam with no post-war plan and no overall strategy behind it

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 UK Def Min Hoon told PM Blair he had to push US to think about postwar Iraq planning

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Bush said “Bring em on” when talking about insurgency in Iraq

2003 UK ForSec Straw said political and security situation in Iraq was improving

2003 Baroness Amos wrote report on her Jun 03 trip to Iraq Baghdad on edge Daily attacks on US

Things getting worse UN was going to cut 1/3 of its staff over lack of security CPA didn’t have staff experienced in nation building in post-conflict societies Said Iraqis needed to be convinced that sovereignty would be returned soon Bremer said he had no set timetable for his political plan

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2003 UK intel report on Iraq Various groups competing for power Some using violence Security and

living conditions top priorities for Iraqis Differences could escalate

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey extended tour of 172nd Stryker Brigade because violence too high in

Baghdad Casey’s plan was to withdraw US forces

2007 US general accused Iran Quds Force Hezbollah of instigating attacks Said that Iran behind Jan 07

attack on Karbala operations center that killed 4 US soldiers Ran training camps in Iran for militiamen supplied weapons and up to $3 mil a month

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2007 Mahdi Army fired more than 70 rockets at Coalition Base Echo in Diwaniya

2008 ISF arrested Maysan Gov Muhoder head of provincial council and 2 other councilmen for connection

to Mahdi Army Police chief was detained for being a Special Groups leader

2008 Jordan said it would send ambassador to Baghdad Withdrew ambassador in 2003 after embassy

bombed

2009 State Dept listed Abu Muhandis and Kataib Hezbollah as global terrorists

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2009 Report FBI interview with Saddam from 06 released Saddam said Al Qaeda were zealots he

would never work with Said Iran main threat Reason why he never fully cooperated with UN inspectors because had to maintain image Iraq had WMD to deter Iran

2009 Baghdad Ops Command issued order restricting US movement in Baghdad Said no joint

patrols with US

2009 French PM FIllon visited Iraq Tried to renew arms sales

2011 Report Iranian Rev Guard delivering weapons to militias to attack US before withdrawal Delivering

more rockets that have killed US troops 15 US soldiers killed in Jun by militia attacks Kataib Hezbollah blamed for most attacks

2012 Kurdish Brotherhood list returned to Ninewa council 09 boycotted after victorious al-Hadbaa party

took all govt positions Kurds got dep governor and dep head of council 1 party left al-Hadbaa for making deal with Kurds

2012 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq member killed in Najaf likely by Sadrists Part of 5 killings between two groups

during summer

2012 Group of reporters judges police and politicians said KRG had to stop violations against media

Reporters intimidated harassed by security forces 359 violations in 2011 No one ever punished for violations

2013 PM Maliki met with CEO of Gazprom Asked it stop work in KRG It didn’t

2013 Report KDP and PUK agreed to postpone presidential election until Aug Pres Barzani could only

serve 2 terms Barzani couldn’t amend law and couldn’t get constitution passed to run for 3rd term Got election delayed instead

2013 PUK politburo said it only agreed to extend Barzani’s term if he didn’t nominate himself again

2014 IS head Baghdadi said the caliphate had been established after the humiliation of Muslims

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report Iranian Rev Guards flying Su-25s in Iraq against IS Planes were from Iraq Flown to Iran during

Gulf War and never returned

2014 Russia delivered 7 attack helicopters to Iraq Supposed to supply total of 33 helicopters

2014 Human Rights Watch Communication Comm claimed some media supported insurgency and

promoted sectarianism Warned couldn’t report stories detrimental to ISF Said media should report victories by ISF Said couldn’t’ investigate security situation

2014 Salahaddin governor claimed Tikrit would be freed in days Wouldn’t be freed until 2015

2015 Report Hashd said more planning needed to retake Ramadi Hashd stopped Ramadi op and

shifted to other parts of Anbar IS imposing dress code Set up TV screens in public square Showed videos of its victories Executed govt supporters Took control of mosques Told govt workers to go back to jobs

2015 Report UN said IS looting artifacts on industrial scale to sell items on black market

2015 Peshmerga Min said 1212 Peshmerga killed 7000 wounded fighting IS

2015 Human Rights Min said 4772 people killed 28575 wounded since Jun 2014

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Authorities Continue To Underreport Casualties In War Against Islamic State)

2016 Interior Min Ghabban said several police in Basra under investigation for taking part in Quds

Day put on by pro-Iran Hashd

2017 Report US cmdrs knew IS would be defeated soon Trump admin had no plans for afterward

Talks were happening within govt over what to do Final plan was to do nothing after war vs IS

2017 Protest in Karbala Demanded Electricity Min Fahadawi be dismissed for shortages

2017 Dep Cmdr in chief of Iranian arm Gen Pudestan said IS operating in Diyala Said if got within

40km of Iranian border Tehran would attack them Said Iranian troops were in Diyala Had been there since 2014

2017 Hashd leader said US helicopters constantly seen of IS areas and probably helping them Part

of pro-Iran Hashd propaganda

2017 Anbar councilman said Hashd humiliating people of Anbar Said carried out collective

punishment

2017 Report Golden Div officer said called around 20 airstrikes/day in Mosul Human rights groups

and UN warned of high civilian casualties from airstrikes and artillery used in city Airwars est 900-1200 civilians killed by airstrikes and artillery during battle of Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 259 Jul 2 2017)

2018 Protest outside West Qurna 2 oil field demanding jobs from oil companies

2018 Report Iraq facing another water crisis Since 1980s Turkey Syria Iran built several dams

across Tigris and Euphrates Jul Turkey started filling new dam on Tigris Water Min said would cut Iraq’s water by 50% Some small rivers disappeared due to dams

2018 Report People in Qaim Anbar claimed pro-Iran Hashd constantly crossed into Syria and ISF did nothing

2020 PM Kazemi met with investors who complained about paying bribes and extortion Members of

Iraqi Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative said tribes claimed companies took their land and demanded compensation Others blocked businesses from operating Demanded their hire tribal businesses as subcontractors and tribesmen Some businesses were leaving Iraq as a result

2020 Report Displacement Min said it wanted to close displacement file Wanted voluntary returns          Would eventually close camps and force people out

2021 Iraq lost 99% of its electricity production Most provinces went without power Were protests in

Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Maysan Muthanna Wasit over power outages

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Electricity Grid Shuts Down During Summer Heat)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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