Tuesday, July 19, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 19 Qasim started crackdown on Communists hoping to limit their power

(Shafaq News)

 

1920 British attacked to relieve Rumaitha Forced back 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1921 Royal Iraqi Military College opened

1958 Iraq sent delegation to Syria to meet with Nasser Signed cooperation agreement with United

Arab Republic Statement said UAR would defend Iraq Egypt sent military aid to Iraq afterward

1959 Qasim condemned Communist attacks upon opponents Started govt crackdown arresting

hundreds of Communists Led to armed attacks on Communist offices unions peasant groups Govt came to see Communists as threat after they organized huge protests demanding role in govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1967 Pres Arif resigned as PM after humiliation of 1967 Arab-Israeli War General Tahir

Yahya became PM 2nd time Was later charged with corruption

1968 Col Naif announced new govt of Baathists and Nationalists Included 3 Kurdish

ministers but they didn’t take positions

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1983 After repeated defeats in southern and central fronts Iran shifted to Kurdistan believing Iraqi

units weaker there Started with attack on Haj Umran in Irbil

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Tariz Aziz said Iraq accepted Iran offer to accept UN Res 598 to end war but military ops would

continue until Iran confirmed deal

1988 Iraq took Dehloran Iran 20,000 Iranian casualties 6000 captured

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq used poison gas against Kurdish villages

1991 UN complained Baghdad blocking it from helping displaced in southern marshes

1991 Demonstration in Kurdistan over food shortages led to police firing into crowd Led to 2 days of

fighting with 100 killed

2002 MI6 head Dearlove said US already decided on military action to remove Saddam talk was now

about how and when

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 UK Cabinet paper briefed PM Blair before meeting with Bush that he had to push US to think about

            postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.4 Planning and Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, Mid-2001 to January 2003)

2002 Gen Franks briefed Bush on Running Start war plan Would have enough forces in theater at

100,000 to start operations

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 On defensive over not finding WMD White House released parts of 02 National Intel Est that Iraq

was rebuilding its WMD and nuke programs

2003 US began asking UN for help in Iraq after it spurned its role immediately before and after invasion

2004 Carnegie pre-2002 US intel on Iraq WMD generally good 02-03 reporting became more certain

beyond evidence Bush admin misrepresented threat posed by Iraq UN inspectors proved accurate that Iraq didn’t have WMD or nuke programs nor stocks

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2005 US complained to Iran about supplying EFPs to militias State Dept cable said Natl Sec Adv Rubaie

knew Iran sending EFPs to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2005 2 Sunni members of constitutional committee Issa and Obeidi were assassinated Sunni delegation

suspended work afterward

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

2005 Iraq-Iran signed deal for Iraq to export 150,000 bar/day of oil to Iranian refinery in Abadan and

send refined products back to Iraq

2006 Report Iraqi govt told civilians in Baghdad to check IDs of ISF to make sure they were real not

death squads or insurgents

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 NSC memo PM Maliki govt struggling to implement policy and deal with security Said Interior Min

making violence worse Called for review of US Iraq strategy Suggested troop increase might be necessary

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 UK Intel report Violence more complex with multiple actors Violence spiraling out of control of

Iraqi govt Highest levels of violence since 2003 Insurgent commitment to violence unchanged

2007 1920 Revolution Brigades Ansar al-Sunna Iraqi Hamas announced front group Political Office for

the Iraqi Resistance Said willing to negotiate a US withdrawal Attacked ISI for sectarian killings and suicide bombings vs civilians

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 US Embassy memo on US-Iraq anti-corruption council Said it was irrelevant and manipulated by

            PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2008 Gen Petraeus said Al Qaeda was changing focus from Iraq to Afghanistan

(Musings On Iraq Demise of Al Qaeda In Iraq Update)

2008 100 MPs from Iraqiya Sadrists Iraqi National Dialogue Front Reform Movement walked out to

protest Iraqi Islamic Party claiming all of Iraqi Accordance Front ministers who were being voted on after boycott over PM Maliki’s rule

2008 Sadrist Karbala councilman arrested in Aug 07 admitted to being head of death squad that killed

Karbala anti-corruption head in Karbala 4 members of humanitarian group district chief of Karbala city woman rights leader several women accused of being prostitutes

2009 Report US officials said new wave of attacks on US forces by Special Groups Blamed Asaib

Ahl Al-Haq Kataib Hezbollah Promised Day Brigades

(Musings On Iraq The Return Of The Special Groups)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2009 Report Kurds said unless problems with al-Hadbaa resolved would set up own administration

in 16 of Ninewa’s 37 districts Gov Nujafi said that would be illegal

2010 Sadr met with Allawi in Syria Damascus against 2nd term for PM Maliki Report Iran pressured

ISCI to back Maliki ISCI was also against 2nd term

2011 Report US investigation found PM Maliki main barrier to fighting corruption

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2011 Spokesman for parliament’s integrity comm said Trade Electricity Defense Health Public Works

most corrupt ministries

2011 Report Kataib Hezbollah and Sadrists threatened to attack companies building Kuwait’s Mubarak

Port Was rival to Al-Faw port Iraq wanted to build

2012 Chevron bought out India’s Reliance Industrials’ 80% share in Sarta and Rovi oil blocs in Irbil

(Musings On Iraq How the New Chevron Deal Affects Oil Dispute Between Iraq’s Central Government And Kurdistan)

2014 IS issued 2nd order telling Christians had to convert pay religious tax or leave Mosul

2015 KRG said it would not sell any oil for Baghdad through its oil pipeline to Turkey Had an oil

export quota in budget

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Reaches Another New High In Oil Exports As Budget Deal With Kurds Breaks Down)

2016 Oil Transportation Housing Water ministers resigned PM Abadi said he would replace them

with technocrats

2017 Salahaddin Gov Jabouri arrested over corruption charges

2017 Report 40,000 civilians killed in Mosul battle Interviewed with fmr Foreign Min Zebari who

criticized Federal Police for indiscriminate shelling of west Mosul Said ISF were charging money to get through checkpoints for people to return to their homes in city

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 9 Jul 19 2017)

2017 Joint Ops Command criticized report that said 40,000 civilians killed in Mosul battle Said Civil

Defense only recovered 1429 bodies in city

2017 Report 4 Iraqi officers said their men killed IS suspects 1 said ISF regularly killing prisoners

in Hamam al-Alil main screening center for displaced in Ninewa

2017 Human Rights Watch Said Abadi govt did nothing about executions in west Mosul in Jul

2017 UN Rep to Iraq Grande said east Mosul doing well Schools and businesses open Displaced

returning Services being restored 38 of 54 residential areas of WMosul heavily to moderately damaged Est $470 mil to restore services to most damaged parts of city and $237 mil for rest of WMosul UN had plan to create community groups for rebuilding

2017 UN said Displacement Min had no plan to return displaced to their homes

2017 Parliament’s displacement comm demanded PM Abadi announce results of investigations

into killings of abuse of civilians captured in videos in Mosul Diyala Salahaddin Anbar Nothing happened

2017 Badr’s Amiri Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali and Hashd leader Muhandis met and said Hashd

would take part in Tal Afar op Turkey warned Iraq not to allow Hashd to participate in op

2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Maysan Activists were planning national protests for

Jul 20 Govt offering jobs and investment and promising to meet protesters’ demands Also cut Internet to try to stop organizing

2018 Heavy police and army presence set up around Basra oil fields to block protests there

(Musings On Iraq Silencing Protests In Iraq)

2018 Iraqi Human Rights Comm condemned use of excessive force by ISF against demonstrators including

shootings beatings arbitrary arrests Amnesty Intl talked to 2 protesters arrested and tortured by ISF who wanted to know who organizers were

(Musings On Iraq Abadi Govt’s Carrot And Stick Approach Working With Iraq’s Protests Movement)

2018 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba Kataib Hezbollah used to put down

protests Dawa member said protesters were linked to Baathists Said protest in Baghdad was going to carry out acts of sabotage

2019 Hikma called for protests in 14 provinces Only happened in 7 Only few hundred

showed up in total In Basra was counter protest and rocks thrown at buses carrying away Hikma followers

(Musings On Iraq Hikma’s Calls For National Protests in Iraq Fizzle)

2019 Hashd camp in Amerli, Salahaddin hit by Israeli air strikes Killed Iranian

Revolutionary Guard commander

(Musings on Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Abdul Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2019 Abadi said Hashd leaders exploiting ghost Hashd to enrich themselves Hashd

spokesman said Hashd had ghost members just like ISF

2020 When PM Kazemi went to Washington Kataib Hezbollah said colluders with the occupiers

would be held accountable

2020 Report KRG blocked 1200 Arab families from returning to 5 villages in Ninewa KRG and

Ninewa made deal to return Arab families but didn’t happen

2020 Protests in Karbala and Dhi Qar over services

2021 IS suicide bomber hit market in Sadr City Killed 35 3rd mass casualty bombing in Baghdad in

2021

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