Tuesday, August 31, 2021

Security In Iraq Aug 22-28, 2021

 


 

The Islamic State’s summer offensive in Iraq officially ended in August. At the same time pro-Iran groups are picking up their attacks during that same period.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 31

 

1922 Gertrude Bell wrote King Faisal telling him he was vain and weak

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1986 Iran started Op Karbala 2 in Haj Umran Advanced deep into Kurdistan in retaliation for Iraq air

attacks on oil facilities

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1986 Document said chemical and biological agents were being distributed in Irbil to be used against

Kurds

1988 Ali Hassan al-Maid ordered homes of Shabaks that had changed nationality to Kurd be destroyed

and families relocated

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1989 Report Bush admin told Congress sanctions on Iraq for Anfal campaign would be counterproductive

Said US would lose out on multi billion dollar contracts to rebuild Iraq after Iran-Iraq War and wouldn’t help Kurds

1996 30,000 Republican Guards began attack upon PUK Captured Irbil city to back KDP PUK gave

orders to flee to hills to escape Iraqi attack

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1996 INC camp in Qushtapa, Irbil captured by Iraqi forces 96 INC members killed

1996 Iraq released Barzani’s letter to Saddam asking for help against PUK

1996 Clinton said he was concerned about Iraqi attack on Irbil but US not ready to respond Def Sec Perry

said US should not get involved in Kurdish civil war

2003 Commander of Guantanamo Bay prison Gen Miller flew to Iraq to advise on interrogation techniques

            Would lead to Abu Ghraib prison abuse

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2003 Pentagon DefPolicyBoard’s Perle US should have organized Iraqi opposition to take over govt after

invasion

2004 CIA report Ayatollah Sistani and Sadr’s standing increased by Battle of Najaf PM Allawi’s hurt

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 Rumor of suicide bomber led to stampede of Shiite pilgrims on Tigris Bridge in Baghdad Over 1,000

dead and wounded

2005 Report draft constitution did not deal with some of major issues in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2005 Albu Mahal Sheikh Mahallawi said his tribe had declared war on Al Qaeda in Iraq in western Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After The Awakening Pt IX: Sheikh Sabah Aziz Of The Albu Mahal)

2005 Red Team set up by Ambassador Khalizad and General Casey in July made its report Aimed

at creating counterinsurgency strategy to come to victory in 3 years Said current strategy of turning over security to Iraqis would allow Coalition to withdraw but ISF couldn't defeat the insurgency Called for ink spot counterinsurgency plan Didn’t ask for more troops

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Nights in the Pink Motel, An American Strategist’s Pursuit of Peace in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2006 Albu Diab Albu Assaf Albu Ali Jassim Albu Julib Abu Risha tribes met and declared war against Al

Qaeda in Iraq in Ramadi

2006 Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said Baghdad security progressing US forces clearing areas but Iraqis not

holding them Said Iraqi forces could take over security in country in 12-18 months

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 PM Maliki told Iraq Survey Group security problems caused by Baathists and Al Qaeda

            Said problem with Iraqi police was too many former regime members in it

2006 Report Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Reconstruction said 30% of 56 projects inspected didn't meet standards

and some were failures Said US should have started using Iraqi companies for work to speed process and help Iraqi economy

2007 Report US commission said that Iraqi police should be completely scrapped and started over

Said police sectarian supported militias sometimes attacked US forces Pentagon rejected proposal said its training program was fixing problems 9 police brigade and 17 battalion commanders had been relieved

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2009 Iraqi TV show had ISI member who said Syrian intel trained foreign fighters Said got money

from Syria and Saudi Arabia

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

2009 Baghdad Ops Command said Aug 19 Baghdad bombers were ISI members not Baathists like

PM Maliki claimed

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

(Musings On Iraq Fall 09 When Maliki Blamed Islamic State Bombings In Baghdad On Baathists)

(Musings On Iraq Syria-Iraq Dispute Could Be Ending)

(Musings On Iraq Request For UN Investigation Into August Baghdad Bombings Said To Be Turned Down)

2010 US officially ended combat operations in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

2015 Protest in front of Judicial Council building in Baghdad demanding Chief Justice Medhat be

dismissed

2018 Protesters sacked Basra provincial council building ISF fired into crowd wounding 8 Demonstrations

in northern Basra as well Another protest in Baghdad over US interference in govt formation process

2018 Report Iran sending ballistic missiles to allies in Hashd deter US Israel Saudi Arabia

(Musings On Iraq News Of Iran Moving Missiles Into Iraq Continue)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, August 30, 2021

Sadr Ends Election Boycott After Gaining No Concessions

(Iraq News Agency)
On July 15, Moqtada al-Sadr announced that his followers would boycott the October 2021 elections. He claimed there was a satanic plot to humiliate the country and therefore he could not take part. A month later Sadr’s real motivation was revealed when it was reported that he wanted the balloting to be postponed. Many of the major parties have been pushing this to little effect for months now and Sadr was the latest to try. The ruling elite are afraid they will be voted out of office and want to hold onto power as a result.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 30

 

1919 War Min Churchill wrote that half the British forces in Mesopotamia should be sent home

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

1920 War Min Churchill denied Middle East commander Gen Haldane additional reinforcements to

put down 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1962 Kurds bombed Iraq Petroleum Company pipeline

1963 Barzani rejected terms offered by Arif govt

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1968 Pres Bakr shut down Iraqi offices of Arab Socialist Union and ended Iraq-Egypt union plans

1987 Iraq air raid on Kharg Island Iraq’s main oil terminal Iraq also restarted attacks on Gulf shipping

after 7 week break

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1992 Reports that govt arrested Shiites in south and moved them into camps

1996 State Dept attempted to mediate ceasefire between KDP-PUK KDP denied that

            it had any deal with Baghdad while preparing to work with Saddam to attack PUK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2000 US and Soviets agreed not to send UN inspectors back to Iraq

2002 PM Blair decided UK strategy would be to get UN to issue resolution that would give ultimatum to

Iraq on inspectors or else

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Iraqi Governing Council announced 17 candidates for first-post Saddam cabinet

2003 CIA report Security entering new phase after bombing in Najaf that killed Ayatollah

Hakim Foreign fighters flowing into Iraq to join groups that wanted to undermine U.S. occupation Warned start of insurgency could reverse progress in Iraq and attacks would continue regardless of whether Saddam captured or not Bremer complained report too negative White House ignored it

2005 US Amb Khalizad said final draft of constitution with edits had not been submitted yet Never was

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

2006 Bush said if US left Iraq before job done would become terrorist state and undermine US leadership

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 Report Mahdi Army seized Sunnis in Baghdad hospitals and executed them Health Min run by

Sadrists Inspector General said investigation into matter found nothing IG was from Dawa who cooperated with Sadrsits

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2007 Report US draft review of Maliki govt said corruption and abuses the norm Govt not

trying to stop them Said Interior and Defense Mins the worst Interior Min kidnapped and executed people Took bribes Acted like a mafia Oct 06 Interior Min officials killed brother of VP Hashemi Integrity Comm afraid to investigate Interior because afraid would be assassinated US advisors at Defense protected officials from investigations $850 mil missing from Defense budget and no effort to investigate Sadrists stealing from Trade Min and blocking investigations Different parties stealing from Transportation Min One party stole vehicles another party stole grain being shipped by ministry Oil Min couldn’t keep track of oil production or stop gangs militias insurgents from smuggling oil Integrity Comm officials needed armed guards to enter some ministries PM Maliki against investigations Cut funding and interfered in cases involving Shiites Maliki tried to gain control of inspector generals in ministries and filled staffs with Dawa Maliki brought back old law that said corruption cases couldn’t proceed without permission of ministries Maliki forbid any investigation of top officials without his permission Maliki ordered hacking of Integrity Comm website Integrity Comm staff under siege Head of commission lived in hiding US Embassy not helping fight vs corruption

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2007 Draft US GAO report on Surge leaked Said Iraq only passed 3 of 18 benchmarks Passed protecting

minority parties Autonomous region Agreed to spend $10 bil on reconstruction even though hadn’t spent much US agencies differed on whether sectarian violence down Attacks against Iraqis changed little PM Maliki govt not passed any major laws ISF not ready and infiltrated by militias Politicians interfered in military operations

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Integrity Comm head said no govt official had filled required financial disclosure form Said Jan 08

Amnesty Law threatened up to 700 corruption cases in Baghdad alone

2008 Sadr demanded blood oath from followers to resist U.S.

2009 Govt poll 78% optimistic about future of Iraq 67% said would vote in 2010 election 67%

supported strong central govt 69% against ethnosectarian quotas in govt

2018 Protest northern Basra over water crisis

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, August 29, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History – Aug 29

 

1922 Turkish troops testing border with Iraq attacked Rania in Sulaymaniya

1965 Arif govt announced 72 people tried for plot Claimed Communists KDP and other

banned groups behind it

1987 Iraq attacked 2 Iranian merchant ships 40 ships hit by both Iran and Iraq in next 2 weeks

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Bazi Gorge in Kurdistan attacked by Iraqi forces with chemical weapons killing around 3,000

Kurds during Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1996 Iraqi National Accord discovered impending Iraqi attack on Kurdistan and KDP had made deal with

Saddam

2002 Bush signed Iraq Goals Objectives Strategy Said US would use all means to remove Saddam

US would work with Iraqi exiles and not occupy Iraq Would build democracy in Iraq and help rebuild country Pentagon didn’t include rebuilding

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2002 Bush’s Iraq: Goals, Objectives, Strategy led CENTCOM to start postwar planning Was never a

priority

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 3 Maneuvering Into

Position)

2002 Bush and PM Blair talked about tough UN resolution on Iraq disarmament and how Saddam

wouldn't comply leading to conflict

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 VP Cheney spoke at Veterans of Korea War about Iraq threat Said Iraqis would welcome US

invasion with joy

2002 UK Foreign Office paper said rebuilding Iraq would be a long and costly affair

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 IAEA spokesman in London Times no evidence Iraq rebuilding nuclear facilities Would be easy to

find by spy satellites

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Pres Chirac said France opposed unilateral and pre-emptive action by US against Iraq

2003 SCIRI head Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim killed in Najaf Imam Ali shrine car bombing by Zarqawi

125 killed 500 wounded Bomb driven by Yassin Jarrad father of Zarqawi’s second wife

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Black Flags, The Rise Of ISIS)

2007 Sadr announced freeze of Mahdi Army after fighting with Badr in Karbala Sadrists said some

Mahdi Army following Iran and freeze would allow purge

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Gen Petraeus wrote about Anbar Awakening and Sahwa and how they improved security in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 PM Maliki in confrontation with KRG warned that if Peshmerga operated outside of Kurdistan they

would be breaking the law

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Ups the Ante on Kahanqin District of Diyala)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Report US would be arming Fallujah police because Baghdad wouldn’t give them supplies

2009 Interior Min announced it arrested 14 ISI members behind Aug 18 Baghdad bombings PM Maliki had

blamed Baathists and Syria

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

(Musings On Iraq Fall 09 When Maliki Blamed Islamic State Bombings In Baghdad On Baathists)

(Musings On Iraq Syria-Iraq Dispute Could Be Ending)

(Musings On Iraq Request For UN Investigation Into August Baghdad Bombings Said To Be Turned Down)

2014 Report Obama said his administration didn’t have strategy to deal with IS

2016 KDP-PUK delegation went to Baghdad Talked about Kurdish independence and Battle of Mosul Pres

            Barzani said status quo couldn’t continue and Kurds needed independence

2017 Anbar council elected Halbusi new governor after finally dismissing Governor Rawi on corruption

after 3 tries

2017 Kirkuk council voted to be included in Kurdistan independence referendum Condemned by Arab and

Turkmen politicians

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2018 Protests in Dhi Qar and Baghdad for jobs and reform and one in Basra demanding ISF member that

killed a demonstrator be arrested

 View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, August 28, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 28

 

1920 UK supply ships arrived at UK garrison in Samawa but had been devastated by rebel attacks

during 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1948 Jews forbidden to work in banking or foreign currency transactions after creation of Israel

1984 Senate Foreign Relations report said US and Soviet Union both backing Iraq in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Kuwait formally annexed as 19th province of Iraq

1990 Saddam’s son in law Hussein Kamal told by army chief of staff Gen Khazraji that war with US led

coalition inevitable and Iraq would lose

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Storm, Volume 1)

1990 Egypt’s Pres Mubarak attempted to mediate between Iraq and Kuwait

1990 Saddam allowed western women and children hostages captured during Kuwait invasion to go home

1996 US provided info to UN that Iraq smuggling oil in violation of sanctions

1996 PUK and KDP restarted US brokered peace talks to try to end civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2002 Def Policy Board’s Ken Adelman WallStJournal OpEd Said Saddam worse threat than Al Qaeda

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

2004 Iraqi insurgents kidnapped 2 French reporters Gave Paris 48 hrs to end ban on schoolgirls wearing

headscarves

2005 Draft Iraq constitution presented to parliament Approved by govt without consensus of

drafting committee More changes made to it afterward

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2006 Dep PM Salah said Iraqi parties agreed on oil revenue sharing with money being distributed to

provinces based upon population and needs Still no agreement over signing oil contracts or making major decisions Oil law never passed

2006 ISF raid in Diwaniya led to major gun battle with Mahdi Army and other militias Captured Iraqi

soldiers were executed in a public square More than 40 killed and 90 wounded US military said Diwaniya battle was a major victory for the ISF but was actually ended by political deal with Sadr

2006 Report around 100 Iraqi soldiers from 10th Division in Maysan refused to deploy to Baghdad for

Operation Together Forward II Not 1st time ISF units had refused to leave their home base

2007 After confrontation and arrests between Badr run police and Sadrists day before Mahdi Army

attacked police in Karbala 50 killed 200 wounded Fighting spread to 5 Baghdad neighborhoods and Diwaniya

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 PM Maliki headed forces to arrest Sadrists in Karbala after fire fight with Badr Brigade

2007 Bush said if US withdrew from Iraq Iranian backed militias wound run country

2008 Report power expert questioned claim by Electricity Min it met pre-war production Claimed

ministry was counting electricity imports from Iran and Turkey in Iraqi production

2008 Sadr announced Mahdi Army ceasefire would continue indefinitely Said was part of plan to

transform militia into social group

2008 Chalabi deputy and member of DeBaathificaton Comm Lami arrested by US accused of working

with Special Groups and attacks on US

2011 Suicide bombing on Um al-Qura mosque Baghdad during Ramadan killed 28

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 Iraq’s cabinet submitted draft of new oil law Never passed

2015 Protests in Salahaddin Basra, Najaf Karbala Babil Dhi Qar Wasit Diyala Maysan for reform

2017 Court upheld dismissal of Anbar Gov Rawi on corruption after escaping charges 2 other times 

 

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, August 27, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 27

 

1920 British forced to withdraw from Shatra during 1920 Revolt British were able to retake

Baquba from tribes

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Iraqi govt sent letter to British newspaper claiming only a few Assyrian villages had been emptied

of people Baghdad had returned all stolen goods No truth to reports villages had been burned Was propaganda effort to cover up massacre of 600 Assyrians and 60 villages having been looted and destroyed

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1934 Ali Ayubi became premier of Iraq, would hold office 3 times 1922-58 were 59 cabinets

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1992 Report US funneled counterfeit dinars into Iraq to try to undermine economy and Saddam

1995 PKK attacked KDP as it was blocking its operations along Turkish border PUK Iran and Syria

gave aid to PKK KDP accused Badr and Iranian Revolutionary Guard of involvement in PKK offensive

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

1996 PUK attacked KDP in Kurdistan Forced KDP out of most of its territory PUK backed by Iran

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2002 VP Cheney gave speech calling Saddam a threat that needed a pre-emptive strike to remove him

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Hosni Mubarak said that Arab League opposed invasion of Iraq

2003 White House considered asking Congress for additional $3 bil for reconstruction in Iraq on top of

previous $2.5 bil

2003 Oxfam started withdrawing from Iraq after terrorist bombings against aid groups by Zarqawi 4th aid

group to do so

2003 ORHA oil team met with 3 Oil Min director generals Said US not in Iraq to take its oil Picked top

positions within ministry Agreed needed to up oil production and refined products

(Musings On Iraq Review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)

2004 Ayatollah Sistani returned from London to Najaf Arranged ceasefire with Sadr to end Battle of

Najaf Mahdi Army were to turn in weapons but not be arrested Didn’t give up arms

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 14 Fighting To The Elections, August-December 2004)

2004 Sadr said “puppet police” couldn't protect Imam Ali shrine in Najaf and Mahdi Army still in control of

it

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2006 PM Maliki told CNN violence was going down in Iraq no civil war but reconciliation MP Mutlaq said

no democracy developing because of violence

2006 National reconciliation meeting ended with 700 sheikhs Talked about creating committees to

negotiate with insurgency

2006 US Gen Thurman said Operation Together Forward II was reducing violence in Baghdad Op would fail

2006 Khalis Diyala 22 shot in café Judge’s home raided brother killed IED at market killed 6 Part of

sectarian fighting between militias and insurgents for control of province

2007 After meeting of PM Maliki Pres Talabani VP Hashemi VP Mahdi KRG Pres Barzani deal announced

to reform deBaathification law and release prisoners 2nd deal in 2007 Wouldn’t pass until 2008 because of opposition

2007 Badr run police got into argument with Sadrists outside Karbala shrine That night police arrested 20

            Sadrists at Sadr run mosque in city

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2008 Maliki govt leaked arrest warrants for Diyala Univ president and Diyala security head accusing both

of terrorism and sectarian killings to justify Aug 19 raid on Diyala council bldg where Special Forces killed governor’s secretary and wounded 4 guards and beat deputy governor

2008 Kurds protested in disputed area of Diyala over PM Maliki sending ISF there

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Ups the Ante on Kahanqin District of Diyala)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 US military said 24,000 Sahwa had been integrated into govt in 2 years Only 946 were in ISF 2,300

            had been vetted for ISF but not joined

2017 Tal Afar liberated from IS by Iraqi forces

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, August 26, 2021

Review F-15C Eagle vs MiG-23/25, Iraq 1991

Review Dildy, Douglas & Cooper, Tom, F-15C Eagle vs MiG-23/25, Iraq 1991, Oxford, New York, 2016


 

F-15C Eagle vs MiG-23/25, Iraq 1991 was part of Osprey’s Duel series where they took two weapons systems that faced off against each other and compared them. All the books follow the same format. They explain how the weapons were developed, their specifications, the two sides that used them, the combat that took place and then a closing evaluation. This one focuses upon the U.S. facing Iraq in the Gulf War where the U.S. achieved a resounding victory but not without some losses and difficulties.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 26

 

1920 War Min Churchill wrote PM George that he thought reinforcements would lead to victory

in 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1922 King Faisal apologized to British Iraq High Commissioner Cox for Anti-British remark made at a

party

1968 Mullah Mustafa Barzani had his two ministers resign from Bakr govt because Baath was backing

Jalal Talabani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1980 After Saddam visited Khanaqin Diyala Iraqi army started shelling Iranian border Was looking for

excuse to justify invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1981 85 POWs exchanged between Iraq and Iran in Cyprus 2nd prisoner exchange of Iran-Iraq War

1987 Iraq demanded UN arms embargo on Iran for not accepting ceasefire deal and threatened new air

strikes

1987 US signed 5 year trade agreement with Iraq mostly for farm products One of main forms of support

US provided Iraq during Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 End of 5th Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1988 UN Res 620 condemned use of chemical weapons in Iraq Was reference to Anfal campaign

1992 US, UK, France started Operation Southern Watch creating southern no fly zone over Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1994 Iraqi Vanguard for National Salvation took responsibility for car bomb in Baghdad

1996 CIA said Saddam was going to launch attack upon PUK in Irbil

1998 UN inspector Ritter quit after his anti-concealment unit was disbanded at request of Clinton admin

Ritter claimed from Nov 97-August 98 Clinton admin tried to block inspectors work 7 times Ritter’s claims about Clinton convinced many on UN Security Council US manipulating inspectors for its own aims

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

2002 VP Cheney speech at Veterans of Foreign War Called Iraq a mortal threat to US Said no doubt Iraq

had WMD and that it was good at deceiving weapons inspectors Said Iraqi defectors like Hussein Kamal proved Iraq had renewed its nuke program Hussein Kamal defected in 1995 Said Iraq ended nuke program and killed 1996 so couldn’t know what Iraq doing in 2001 Argued UN inspectors would fail in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Sec State Powell argued that US had to go through UN to deal with Iraq at National Security

            Council

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2002 Turkish Foreign Min official talked with Def Sec Rumsfeld who said Iraq war plans being made but no

final decision Invasion would include US using Turkey

2003 Report US left thousands of munitions dumps all over Iraq which were looted by

            insurgents and militias

2003 Bremer said Iraq could not pay for its own reconstruction and US would have to put up several

billion dollars to do it CPA could not meet Iraq’s electricity needs until summer of 2004

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 US launched Op Ivy Needle to hunt down criminals and Baathists in Salahaddin

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2003 DepSecState Armitage said US might consider a multinational force under UN to help with

security after rejecting UN role

2003 Humanitarian aid groups announced pulling out workers from Iraq after terrorist attacks by Zarqawi

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

(Musings On Iraq review Black Flags, The Rise Of ISIS)

2004 US halted military operations in 2nd Battle of Najaf to allow negotiations to end fighting

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2004 Mahdi Army attacked Sistani supporters in Kufa killing 20

2006 National conference of Sunni sheikhs backed Maliki govt condemned violence called for people to

participate in politics

2007 PM Maliki Pres Talabani and VPs announced deal on provincial powers law and deBaathifcation

Maliki also agreed to share decision making with Presidency Council

2007 Report insurgents were extorting money from companies that got contracts to work with Anbar

            Awakening

2008 Kurds in Kahanqin Diyala protested arrival of Iraqi forces leading them to withdraw

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish-Baghdad Tensions Over Diyala)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Car bomb hit new police recruits drawn from Sahwa in Diyala Part of ISI campaign against Sahwa

2009 Head of Qadisiya reconstruction comm said previous provincial govt issued $43 mil in

frivolous projects Some went to tribal figures others to corrupt persons others were political favors

2015 Pres Masum implied that some of PM Abadi’s reforms were unconstitutional

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, August 25, 2021

U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 - Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005


Starting in the spring of 2005 Abu Musab al-Zarqawi launched his campaign to start a civil war between Iraq’s Sunnis and Shiites. That actually angered Al Qaeda who believed Zarqawi should be targeting the Americans instead. The new Jaafari government responded in kind by recruiting militiamen into the security forces and attacking Sunnis. The U.S. on the other hand completely missed what was going on as usual even though it had Zarqawi’s plan. Its new counterinsurgency approach was also failing because of the lack of troops. This period was the prequel to Iraq completely coming apart.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 25

 

1914 British admiralty ordered 2 ships to be sent to Shatt al-Arab to block Ottoman

supplies and ground forces and to protect oil interests in Persia

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 British gave limited self-rule in Najaf to try to stop 1920 Revolt there

1920 UK Cmdr Gen Haldane wrote that almost all the tribes north of Diyala had joined the 1920 revolt

and was afraid it was spreading to Kirkuk and Irbil

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1922 British High Commissioner for Iraq Cox demanded apology from King Faisal for anti-Mandate

comment at his party

1941 British forces in Basra and Diyala invaded Iran where Shah refused to expel Germans spreading Axis

propaganda

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1945 Army moved against Kurdish Baradosti tribe Was attacked by tribe and suffered heavy losses

            Another army column ambushed in Zebari tribal area

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad Meant to rally support for regime

1981 Saddam met with military command Said strategy was to bleed Iranian army and destroy Iran’s oil

and electricity industry

1983 Turkey conducted 2nd raid into Iraqi Kurdistan attacking PKK and KDP bases under Iraq-Turkey

security agreement

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1988 Villages in Dohuk hit by chemical weapons in 6th Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 UN Resolution 665 strengthened economic sanctions on Iraq for Kuwait invasion

2002 James Baker OpEd in New York Times said US needed UN resolution that Iraq submit to

inspections anytime Said US needed to be explicit that if Iraq avoided the inspections US would invade and change the govt

2003 Funeral in Najaf turned into anti-American demonstration

2004 US army investigation blamed morally corrupt soldiers and contractors poor leadership for Abu

Ghraib prison abuse scandal Found intelligence officers played leading role in Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal

2004 Ayatollah Sistani said he would return from medical treatment in England to Iraq to try to end

2nd Battle of Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 Constitutional committee given 3rd extension to finish work

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2005 Dir of Ops Iraq and Afghanistan Gen Lute said militias were not under Baghdad’s command

Were an obstacle to peace and govt had to eventually deal with them 

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld Baghdad would quickly be under ISF

control Said Leahy Amend might be invoked to stop US support for National Police due to widespread human rights abuses

2006 Iraqis looted base exited by British in Maysan before Iraqi forces could take it over

2006 Head of Association of Muslim Scholars Sheikh Dhari said he was willing to meet with Ayatollah

Sistani to talk about ending national crisis

2008 Electricity Min announced that power production had reached same level as 2002 before US invasion

Only 50% of demand was being met though due to huge increase in usage after 2003 Later turned out Ministry included power provided from Iran and Turkey

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Power Expert Questions Government’s Figures)

2008 After PM Maliki broke deal with Kurds over KRG withdrawal from some disputed areas of Diyala

Peshmerga commander threatened retaliation if ISF entered Kurdish towns in province

2009 Iraqi govt demanded Syria turn over 2 Baathists accused of involvement in Aug 18 Baghdad

bombings and expel all terrorists Iraq and Syria ended up withdrawing their ambassadors Ended PM Maliki’s reconciliation with Syria

2009 ISI claimed responsibility for Aug 18 Baghdad bombings

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

(Musings On Iraq Fall 09 When Maliki Blamed Islamic State Bombings In Baghdad On Baathists)

(Musings On Iraq Syria-Iraq Dispute Could Be Ending)

(Musings On Iraq Request For UN Investigation Into August Baghdad Bombings Said To Be Turned Down)

2010 ISI coordinated attacks in Mosul Kirkuk Tikrit Dujail Baquba Muqtadiya Ramadi Fallujah Karbala Kut

Basra Baghdad

2016 Iraqi forces freed Qayara Ninewa

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, August 24, 2021

U.S. Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 - Chapter 15 – Transformation In A Time Of War, January-April 2005


The start of 2005 was a transition period for both the United States and Iraqis. On the one hand the U.S. was trying and failing to implement its first strategy for Iraq. On the other Al Qaeda in Iraq was announced, other insurgent groups were breaking with Zarqawi, and Moqtada al-Sadr moved towards Iran.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 24

 

1922 On anniversary of King Faisal’s coronation opposition gave him a petition calling for an

assembly to draft a constitution, elections for a parliament, and independence for Iraq

1922 UK High Commissioner for Iraq Sir Percy Cox met by anti-British slogans being chanted outside

palace During celebration Haras Party leader Basir gave anti-British speech Cox demanded King punish perpetrators

1986 Ayatollah Khomeini said Iran had to fight until victory and Saddam deposed

1988 Iran and Iraq started peace talks in Geneva to officially end Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Start of 6th and final Anfal campaign focused upon destroying KDP bases in Dohuk KDP HQ

attacked

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 PLO Foreign Minister Qaddumi said PLO supported Iraq against colonialists

1995 UK intel report said Iraq had hidden much of its nuke program destroyed its SCUDs didn’t have

hidden chemical stockpile

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

1998 US intel claimed Iraq was involved in Al Qaeda chemical plant Clinton admin bombed it Cited phone

calls to head of Iraq’s chemical weapons program Later proved false

2000 Iraq rejected new UN inspectors and Resolution 1284

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Turkmen protested in Kirkuk City over Turkmen being killed in Tuz Kharmato Turned violent 3

            killed 15-20 wounded

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Ayatollah Hakim wounded in bombing at his Najaf office Some blamed Sadr for attack in growing

inter-Shiite rivalry

2003 Bremer admitted US not doing a good job securing Iraq’s borders

2004 Panel found Def Sec Rumsfeld’s orders on interrogations contributed to abuse of prisoners in Iraq

Found that US underestimated need for prisons in postwar Iraq then didn’t attempt to solve the problem Contradicted White House claim that Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal was act of a few prison guards Found Abu Ghraib prison abuse was not part of an intelligence gathering operation

2005 Report EFP attacks upon US forces showed Iranian and Hezbollah arming militias in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2005 Police took away 36 Sunnis from Hurriya Baghdad tortured killed them and dumped bodies along

Iranian border Judge blamed Volcano Brigade commander but nothing done to him

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2005 Sadrists tried to re-open office in Najaf Badr tried to stop them Led to 2 days of fighting 100

killed Sadr office burned down

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 PM Maliki banned TV channels from showing bloodshed caused by the war

2007 Natl Intel Estimate on Iraq said security improving unevenly No reconciliation

2007 Report Pentagon plan to restart state owned enterprises by getting US businesses to buy Iraqi products

            failed

2007 Iraqi Red Crescent and International Organization for Migration reported that number of displaced

grew during Surge from 499,000 in Feb 07 to 1.1 mil in Aug 07 100,000 fleeing per month

2008 PM Maliki broke deal with Kurds and moved ISF into Khanaqin east Diyala Kurds organized

demonstrations in response

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between Baghdad and Kurds Turn Hot)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Report 45% of Iraqi businesses in survey said they expected sales to increase in next 6 months with

improved security World Bank ranked Iraq 141 out of 178 in business environment Lower score than in 2006 Govt had big plans to improve infrastructure but not spending investment budget

2008 Report US military trying to stop Maliki govt from arresting Sahwa members and getting some of

those detained released

2008 Report of more than 151,000 families that fled Baghdad only 7,112 returned Many didn’t go back

to their original neighborhoods because demographics changed and feared violence

2009 Sadrists ISCI Jaafari announced creation of National Alliance

(Musings On Iraq The New National Alliance And Other Political Maneuverings)

2015 Sadr said his followers should join Friday protests in Baghdad on Aug 28

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2015 Sit in protests in Basra ended when govt promised to meet their demands Were not met

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Violence Continues Its Winter Decline In Iraq

Since 2003 insurgent violence has almost always declined in Iraq during the winter. This year is no different as Islamic State attacks have ...