Tuesday, August 17, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 17

 

1920 Ex-Ottoman Iraqi officers asked Shiite clergy for money Were rejected by Sayid Tabikh who called the

officers mercenaries

1933 Surviving Assyrian women and children from Sumail sent to Dohuk and then Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1937 PM Hikmat Sulaiman govt resigned over threat of military revolt by Mosul Garrison commander

Gen Umari Officers overthrew govt believing it had too many Kurds and Turks and not anti-imperialist Pan-Arabistis

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1937 Jamil al-Midfai became premier for 3rd time in deal with pan-Arab officers 1922-58 were 59 cabinets

1937 Gen Fawzi became army chief of staff Promised to follow pan-Arabism support Arab nationalist

officers Ended talks with Persia over Shatt al-Arab

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

1937 PM Midfai named Col Najib Defense Minister which angered pan-Arab officers Najib promoted

Iraqi nationalist officers

1937 PM Midfai wanted to exonerate deposed Sulaiman govt Nuri al-Said wanted them punished Began

plotting with army against Midfai

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

1973 Progressive National Patriotic Front announced between Baath Communists and KDP

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1987 Iraq told UN it wouldn’t accept any changes to Resolution 598 that proposed ceasefire in Iran-Iraq

War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Iraq began withdrawing from disputed areas of Iran and released Iranian prisoners held since Iran-

            Iraq War

1995 Iraq told inspectors after 1991 Kuwait invasion Iraq had placed biological weapons into 166 bombs and

25 missile warheads Didn’t provide any docs which led to complaints by inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1996 PUK attacked KDP positions in Haj Umran near Iranian border State Dept tried to mediate telling

Barzani should talk with Talabani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1996 Barzani told State Dept Iran needed to back out of Kurdistan and without U.S. help he would turn to

Baghdad

2000 Iraq reopened Saddam International Airport to get around UN sanctions

2001 US Energy Dep report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not

centrifuges Said tubes didn’t match design for any operating centrifuges Report refuted CIA analyst who said alumunium tubes Iraq tried to buy would work for 1950s German centrifuge design

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2001 US Energy Dept report said Iraq trying to buy magnets and other moves showed that Iraq restarted

its centrifuge program to enrich uranium Didn’t know if nuke program restarted

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Pentagon memo argued against State suggestion that US would have to run Iraq after invasion State

didn’t think Iraqi exiles could run Iraq Pentagon agreed exiles had problems but US had to push them to prepare for the challenge Rejected a US occupation and said Iraq invasion should be like invasion of France in WWII when US fought with French forces to liberate their country Said were many bad elements in Iraq like radical Shiites communists Wahabis Al Qaeda that could fill vacuum after war so US had to put exiles into power

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2002 Iraq intelligence issued order to keep an eye out for Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review ISIS Inside The Army of Terror, Revised & Updated)

2002 CIA made 1st paper explaining assessment of aluminum tubes Said they were for nuclear program

Said high specifications showed they were for centrifuges Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 CPA told White House if didn’t get additional $20.3 bil would be disaster for Bush’s plans for Iraq

2003 Water pipeline in Rusafa Baghdad hit with RGP knocking out water for 2 days for 300,000 people

2003 US forces killed Reuters reporter outside Abu Ghraib prison Said camera looked like an RPG

2004 Allawi govt offered amnesty and role in govt to Sadr in return for ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf

2004 NSC meeting discussed US attacking Imam Ali Shrine in Najaf and possibly killing Sadr 2nd Battle

of Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2006 Bush held national security meeting to rethink Iraq strategy Bush told staff Iraq policy going bad

and wanted new one

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Iraqis may not be up to task of securing Baghdad

2006 US Marine intel report Anbar lost to insurgency Anbar govt had collapsed US didn’t have enough

troops

2006 US Marine report Starting Dec 05 Al Qaeda in Iraq started marginalizing and co-opting other

insurgent groups Was mad so many insurgents backed Dec 05 elections Wanted revenge

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Report 80% of insurgent attacks against Coalition 80% of casualties were Iraqi civilians Car bombs

and IEDs doubled from 2004 to 2005

2008 PM Maliki admitted that Op Mother of Two Rivers in Mosul failed to improve security Blamed

citizens for not cooperating with govt Govt never provided $100 mil in reconstruction after op

(Musings On Iraq Back To Mosul)

2008 Oil Min gave up plan for quick deals with oil companies after talks failed Wouldn’t be until

            summer 09 when contracts made

2009 PM Maliki visited Syria and promoted closer ties between the two Major reconciliation move as

Syria had supported insurgents

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

2010 ISI suicide bomber hit army recruits in Baghdad killing 60

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 Iraqi parliament oil committee submitted draft of new oil law Never passed

2012 VP Biden called PM Maliki about Iran flying military supplies to Syria over Iraqi airspace

2015 Judicial Council rejected call for Chief Justice Medhat to resign

2017 PM Abadi’s office acknowledged that Emergency Response Division unit committed abuses

reported in Der Spiegel during Mosul campaign

(Musings On Iraq on Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch called for investigation into Der Spiegel article)

(Musings On Iraq ABC News had follow up to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq Toronto Star added more to story about abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq reactions to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Joint Operations Command attacked Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)

2017 Iraqi authorities announced members of Emergency Response Division were sent to court No         specifics given

2017 Iraqi court ruled that Kurdish flag be lowered from government buildings in Kirkuk

2018 Protests in Karbala Najaf Qadisiya Basra Baghdad for jobs services against corruption

2020 PM Kazemi fired Basra police chief after protest activist assassinated

2020 3 Protest activists escaped assassination attempt in Basra City when car shot at Part of

intimidation campaign vs demonstrators

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Ebb And Flow Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

2020 Protesters attacked Basra governor’s house and tried to burn it after activist assassinated and

three others escaped assassination attempt

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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