Tuesday, April 30, 2024

Problems Completing Iraq’s Grand Faw Port And Development Road


The National recently ran an article “What is Iraq’s Development Road and will it challenge US and China trade routes?” The piece went into the huge potential of several connected projects Baghdad is currently working on. The first is the Grand Faw Port which could be one of the largest in the Persian Gulf. Then there is the Development Road which will build a highway and railway system from Faw to Turkey to allow trade from Asia to reach Europe. A telecommunications route has also just been added. This has received the backing of companies from South Korea, Kuwait, Turkey, Qatar and the UAE.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 30 Iraqi army surrounded UK Habaniya airbase hoping to force British troops out of Iraq


 

1915 Ottoman mayor murdered in Najaf for trying to draft men for war and taking money

from shrines

Monday, April 29, 2024

Security In Iraq Apr 22-28, 2024


Violence in Iraq during the fourth week of April 2024 was dominated by pro-Iran groups. The Islamic State was inactive once again.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 29 Ottomans defeated British at Kut 2nd biggest loss for UK during WWI


 

1916 Ottomans defeated the British at Battle of Kut after 4 months Captured 13,309 prisoners 7,000

of which died in captivity British lost 33,000 casualties One of largest defeats for UK in WWI

Saturday, April 27, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 27 Pres Arif said Kurds would never have autonomy in Iraq


 

1916 UK offered Ottomans all the artillery and 1 mil pounds in return for letting British forces

leave Kut UK forces had been under siege in Kut since Dec Ottomans refused offer

Thursday, April 25, 2024

Review Return To Ruin, Iraqi Narratives of Exile and Nostalgia

Saleh, Zainab, Return To Ruin, Iraqi Narratives of Exile and Nostalgia, Stanford University Press: 2021


 

Return To Ruin, Iraqi Narratives of Exile and Nostalgia by Zainab Saleh is the story of Iraqi expatriates living in London. Saleh interviewed five Iraqi exiles from different backgrounds and experiences about their families, life in Iraq and how they ended up in England. She included her own story about exile as well. Their stories are by far the best part as Iraqi voices are rarely heard in Western books about Iraq. On the other hand this was based upon a thesis. That meant Saleh’s college advisor told her to link her interviews to a larger theory. She chose one about British and American imperialism that didn’t stand up.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 25 British Mandate in Iraq created Was start of Iraq as a nation state


 

1920 San Remo Agreement created British Mandate in Iraq France agreed to give up Mosul vilayet

in return for oil concessions in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Britain In Iraq, Contriving King and Country)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Dictatorship, Imperialism & Chaos, Iraq since 1989)

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 24 Kurds announced tentative deal with Saddam for Kurdish autonomy Would lead to Kurdistan Regional Government


 

1916 British attempt to re-supply besieged garrison at Kut failed

Tuesday, April 23, 2024

Latest Corruption Scandal In Iraq $600 Million Stolen Using Fake Foreign Travel


Al Aalem reported that tens of thousands of people were falsely registered as traveling outside of Iraq and gained access to hundreds of millions of dollars.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 23 PM Maliki ordered raid on Hawija protest site leaving 110 casualties Led to revival of the insurgency


 

1915 UK Gen Townshend ordered by Mesopotamia cmdr Gen Nixon to take Qurna and Amara

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Monday, April 22, 2024

Thursday, April 18, 2024

Review Coalition Armor vs Iraqi Forces, Iraq 2003-06

McNab, Chris, Coalition Armor vs Iraqi Forces, Iraq 2003-06, Osprey, 2024


 

Coalition Armor vs Iraqi Forces, Iraq 2003-06 is part of Osprey’s versus series of books where they discuss a major confrontation between two weapons systems. Here the focus was much broader covering American and British forces fighting the Iraqi army during the 2003 invasion and then militias and the insurgency afterwards. It’s a mix of technical reviews along with combat stories.

This Day In Iraqi History – Apr 18 ISI Leader Baghdadi and War Minister Masri killed by US and Iraqi forces


 

1919 France and England signed Long-Berenger oil deal France got 20% of Iraqi oil via Turkish

Petroleum Company

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

Wednesday, April 17, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 17 PM Gaylani asked Nazis for military aid in case of war with UK


 

1916 Battle of Bait Isa Turkish counterattack stopped British advance British suffered

1,600 casualties Ottomans 4-5,000 3rd defeat in British effort to relieve siege at Kut

Tuesday, April 16, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 16 Shah of Iran started giving military aid to Barzani to pressure Iraq to give him control over Shatt al-Arab


 

1914 US consul in Baghdad reported rumors spread that all Christians and Jews in city

would be massacred due to start of 2nd Balkans War Rumors started after newspaper asked Mufti and Shiite clergy what was duty of Muslims in war They said to protect Islam and raise money Said Christians were defiling Muslim women in Balkans

Saturday, April 13, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 13 Gen Qasim made cover of Time magazine


 

1915 British won Battle of Shaiba Ottomans had 4200 casualties 700 captured UK 1232 casualties

            Ottoman commander Askari killed himself in disgrace British 1200 casualties

Friday, April 12, 2024

Thursday, April 11, 2024

Review Assyrians in Modern Iraq, Negotiating Political and Cultural Space

Benjamen, Alda, Assyrians in Modern Iraq, Negotiating Political and Cultural Space, Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, New Delhi, Singapore: Cambridge University Press, 2022


 

Iraq is one of the most diverse countries in the Middle East and yet there are very few books about the different groups outside of the Kurds that make up the population. That means that Alda Benjamen’s Assyrians in Modern Iraq, Negotiating Political and Cultural Space is a welcomed addition to the canon. She focuses upon the struggle by Assyrians to achieve their rights within the country from the Ottoman period up to modern Iraq with most of the book focusing upon the 1950s-80s.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 11 Sec Def Rumsfeld said “Stuff happens” to try to explain looting after US invasion of Iraq



1915 Ottomans and tribesmen began probing attack upon British outpost in Shaiba, Basra to try to

expel UK forces from vilayet

Tuesday, April 9, 2024

Iraq Continues To Flaunt OPEC+ Production Cuts


In January Iraq was supposed to institute OPEC+ production quotas. Not only did it not do so but its exports increased. Baghdad promised to comply but it has never followed any of the recent agreements.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 9 Baghdad fell during the 2003 invasion



 

1915 New UK cmdr in Iraq Gen Nixon arrived Ordered to take all of Basra Secure Tigris to protect

Anglo-Persian Oil Company in Persia Plan for advance on Baghdad 1st step in escalating war from protecting oil concession to taking all of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Sunday, April 7, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 7 PM Maliki said he was turning to Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah to secure Baghdad because disappointed with Iraqi security forces


 

1915 UK Gen Nixon ordered to prepare attack on Nasiriya and Amara to protect Basra vilayet and

Persian oil concession

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

Friday, April 5, 2024

Thursday, April 4, 2024

Review The Making of Foreign Policy in Iraq, Political Factions and the Ruling Elite

Gulmohamad, Zana, The Making of Foreign Policy in Iraq, Political Factions and the Ruling Elite, London, New York, Oxford, New Delhi, Sydney: I.B. Tauris, 2021


 

Zana Gulmohamad set out to try to explain the complicated story of how Iraq formulates its foreign policy in The Making of Foreign Policy in Iraq, Political Factions and the Ruling Elite. His thesis was that Iraq’s foreign affairs are shaped by each ethnosectarian group, political party, and leading officials in Iraq under the influence and interference of foreign nations. That leads to a contradictory stance as each actor follows its own path to the detriment of the country.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 4 King Ghazi’s death announced to public Queen Aliya said it was Ghazi’s wish that his cousin Ilah be made regent


 

1927 UK official wrote Foreign Sec Chamberlain saying UK got Mosul by trick Promised 25 yr Iraq

Mandate Now pushing Iraq independence

Tuesday, April 2, 2024

Musings On Iraq In The News

 I was quoted in this article "Iraqi Militias Are Targeting Israel, But Israel Probably Won't Retaliate With Strikes Inside Iraq" by Paul Iddon in Forbes. 

You can see all of Musings On Iraq's citations here.

Iraqi Govt Sues KRG To Force Closure Of Displaced Camps

(Rudaw)

The Sudani government is pursuing the same policy as the last four prime ministers when it comes to Iraq’s internal refugees. That is to close down displacement camps, force everyone out and claim victory.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 2 Iraq closed border with Iran declared Kurdish revolt over Barzani and 150,000 people fled to Iran


 

1941 Regent of Iraq arrived at UK airbase at Habaniya Anbar after Golden Square officers tried to

arrest him after coup Regent tried and failed to organize resistance to coup in Basra Then fled to Jordan

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s First Battle Of Fallujah 1941)

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

Monday, April 1, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 20 Ayatollah Khomeini endorsed ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

  1920 Pro-Independence delegation of Iraqis met UK High Commissioner Wilson who invited 20 pro-British Iraqis Meeting w...