Tuesday, April 9, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 9 Baghdad fell during the 2003 invasion


1915 New UK cmdr in Iraq Gen Nixon arrived Ordered to take all of Basra Secure Tigris to protect

Anglo-Persian Oil Company in Persia Plan for advance on Baghdad 1st step in escalating war from protecting oil concession to taking all of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)


1916 British made 3rd assault during Battle of Sannaiyat by Kut Failed again

1917 Turkish XIII Corps from Persia attacked British attempting to reach Samarra and

Turkish XVIII Corps Were stopped

1918 UK threatened to bombard one quarter of Najaf if revolt not ended City surrendered

1922 Karbala conference led to call for war against Wahabis unless compensation paid for raid in

southern Iraq and Ibn Saud didn’t punish them

1922 Ikhwan invasion of south Iraq resolved by letters between Iraq and Saudis Ibn Saud apologized

1941 German Foreign Min Ribbentrop was told Gaylani govt was pro-Axis and Germany working on

getting it arms from region Ribbentrop okayed arms shipments to Iraq and sabotage in Iraq and region against UK

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

1941 Germany and Italy made joint statement of support for PM Gaylani promising military and

financial aid Statement to PM Gaylani encouraged him to confront UK

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1969 Jalal Talabani attempted to assassinate Mullah Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1972 Pres Bakr signed 15 yr treaty of friendship with Soviet Union

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1980 Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr and sister Bint al-Huda executed by Saddam Came after

bombing of Mustansiriya Univ and Ayatollah Khomeini’s call for Iraqis to overthrow Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1980 Saddam deported 9,700 Shiites claiming they were Iranians Later deported another 16,000

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1985 UN Sec Gen deCuellar left Baghdad saying he had not been able to bridge divide between Iraq

and Iran

1986 Iraq made another attempt to re-capture Faw Peninsula Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1987 Iran started Op Karbala 9 attacking Qasr e-Shirin central Iran to try to draw Iraqi forces away

from Basra but Iraq didn’t respond 

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iran broke through Iraqi defenses west of Fish Lake Basra Iraq counterattack failed Used

chemical weapons

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Dawa attacked Saddam’s motorcade outside of Mosul to commemorate execution of Ayatollah

Baqir al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq Interview A History of Iraq’s Islamic Dawa Party, Interview With Lowy Inst for Intl Policy’s Dr. Rodger Shanahan)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1990 Saddam said Iraq’s weapons would only be used in self-defense after threatened Israel

with retaliation for any moves vs Iraq

1990 Saudi Amb to US Bandar told Pres Bush Saddam would not attack Israel but wanted guarantee

that Israel would not attack Iraq

1990 Bush told Saudi Amb Bandar that he didn’t understand Saddam’s threats unless he intended to

attack Israel Saddam wanted to make sure his western flank was protected from any Israeli action before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

1990 Report Bush admin told Congress against sanctioning Iraq for WMD and nuclear bomb


1991 Saddam article Blamed 91 uprising on lack of unity and discipline in Iraq that allowed Iranian

sectarianism to spread Blamed poor Shiites from south marshes that didn’t follow society or Islam for spreading sectarianism

1991 French Foreign Min said thank god Saddam crushed 91 uprising otherwise would have led to

renewed Islamic fundamentalism in Iran and Gulf States

1991 White House lawyers met Agriculture Dept official said that info on BNL bank and dept’s

credit program would show govt didn’t regulate process which meant US money was used to arm Iraq before Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq review Spider’s Web, The secret history of how the White House illegally armed Iraq)

1992 Ahmed Chalabi convicted of financial fraud in Jordan for his Petra Bank Chalabi claimed it was

a political plot by Jordan and Iraq but his bank was mismanaged Made insider trades embezzled money and more

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2001 NSC Counterterrorism chief Clarke and CIA Dir Tenet said US needed to focus on Al Qaeda

Def Sec Rumsfeld said there were other sources of terrorism like Iraq and US should focus upon Saddam

(Musings On Iraq Indecision Over Iraq Policy In Pre-9/11 Bush Administration)

2002 State Dept started Future of Iraq project bringing together 240 Iraqi exiles to chart out post-

Saddam Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood Money, Wasted Billions, Lost Lives, and Corporate Greed in Iraq)

2003 Abu Dhabi TV showed Saddam at Adhamiya Baghdad urging crowd to fight invasion Saddam

Qusay Uday left city that day

2003 Ali Hassan al-Majid left Baghdad Tried to organize tribes to fight US but refused

2003 Baghdad fell Iraqis in Firdos Square pulled down Saddam statue with help of US Marines

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Review Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bush’s

War on Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq What Happened When Saddam’s Statue Came Down In Baghdad On April

9, 2003? The Creation Of An Iraq War Myth)

2003 Kurdish Peshmerga seized Kirkuk US Special Forces and Peshmerga began attack upon Iraqis lines to move on Mosul

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In


2003 Gen Franks told Bush war going according to plan Bush wanted to collect info on life under

Saddam to compare with life after

2003 CENTCOM said war reached tipping point Iraqis realized Saddam was done

2003 VP Cheney said Iraqi govt collapsing showed criticism of war was wrong

2003 VP Cheney said with a little investment Iraq could produce 2-3 mil/bar/day of oil by end of


2003 US intel report Baathists Fedayeen Iraqi forces operating independently of orders Would

continue to fight until eliminated

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 Sadrists held first Friday prayers reviving tradition of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2003 Chalabi on CNN criticized ORHA head Garner for not hiring INC people and said ORHA had

done nothing for Iraqis

2003 US forces ordered Badr Brigade to disband but didn't

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2004 Human Rights Minister Abdul Turki resigned saying Battle of Fallujah was a violation of human


(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 12 Things Fall Apart Apr 2004)

(Musings On Iraq review No True Glory, A Frontline Account of the Battle for Fallujah)

2004 1 member of Iraqi Governing Council boycotted and two others threatened to resign over Battle

of Fallujah

2004 Bremer ordered end to 1st Battle of Fallujah because of negative publicly and complaints by Iraqi


(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Fighting for Fallujah, a New Dawn for Iraq)

2004 200,000 Shiites and Sunnis rallied at Um al-Qura mosque in Baghdad against US occupation

and in solidarity with Fallujah Shiites were followers of Sadr Um al-Qura mosque run by Harith al-Dhari of Association of Muslim Scholars

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2004 Bush called leaders of Poland, Italy and El Salvador to make sure they would keep troops in

Iraq Were being attacked by Mahdi Army

2004 US contractor fuel convoy attacked in Abu Ghraib leading Brown & Root to suspend all its

convoys in Iraq

2006 Babil police chief said if US troops left province would be civil war next day Said police not

strong enough to intervene between warring militias

2006 Gen Newbold wrote in Time problems in Iraq due to “casualness and swagger” by Bush


2007 1920 Revolution Brigades said ISI was killing civilians and other insurgents

2007 Islamic Army commander killed in Salahaddin for talking with govt ISI blamed

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 40 religious scholars formed Council of Ulema of Iraq in Jordan to be religious body for


2007 Abu Wael declared his Sharia Council was breaking away from Ansar al-Sunnah

2007 Pres Barzani said Kurds main reason Iraq stayed unified

2007 Report militias burned Sunni neighborhoods in Babil Insurgents burned Sunni and Shiite homes

            in Diyala

2008 Fmr Under Sec Def Feith said Bush had good war plan but got bad advice from CIA State NSC

that caused all the problems in Iraq Claimed CIA and State opposed Chalabi which screwed up postwar Iraq Justified setting up intel unit in Pentagon because CIA was “politicized” and ignored Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review War and Decision, Inside The Pentagon At The Dawn Of The War On Terrorism)

2008 Fmr UK Amb to US Greenstock said US had no real plans for postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2008 Oil Minister Shahristani claimed Charge of Knights cleared militias and gangs out of Basra

waterway New oil police in Basra created to replace Fadhila controlled one

2008 Report Fadhila Gov of Basra Waeli under house arrest after Charge of Knights Head of Basra

council from Dawa was now running Basra

2008 Iraqi general complained Iran interfering in Basra by supporting Mahdi Army

            during Charge of Knights op

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Sadr claimed he consulted with clerics who said he didn’t have to disarm Mahdi Army

2008 Ayatollah Sistani said he supported govt’s demand to disarm Mahdi Army

2009 Sadr had mass rally in Baghdad to mark fall of Saddam in 03 and called for US withdrawal

Sheikh Hayes of Anbar Awakening participated Praised Sadr for his leadership

2009 Baghdad said it was committed to Sahwa but it would purge all those who were Baathist and

ISI infiltrators

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2010 Sadrists held demonstration in Najaf to mark fall of Saddam and protested US occupation

2011 Sit in protest started in Mosul calling for US withdrawal Said govt was an American puppet

2011 Protests in Babil and Fallujah started demanding provincial councils disband and better services

2011 Sadr held anti-US demonstration in Baghdad threatened to bring back Mahdi Army if US forces

didn’t leave at end of year

(Musings On Iraq Iraq May See The Return of Sadr’s Mahdi Army)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Steps Up Efforts To Let Troops Stay In Iraq Past Withdrawal Date)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadr Could Be Backing Off Threat To Revive Mahdi Army If U.S. Doesn’t Withdraw)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadr Backs Off Threat Of Reviving Mahdi Army)

2011 Dep PM Mutlaq compared PM Maliki to Saddam

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2011 Speaker Nujafi said there was no power sharing in Iraq and PM Maliki concentrating authority in

his hands

2012 KRG cabinet said that KDP and PUK Interior Ministries were going to unite Never fully


2012 ISF attacked nightclubs and alcohol shops in Baghdad and shut them down

2012 Pres Barzani said that Baghdad was marginalizing Kurds within ISF and that F-16s could be

used against KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Premier And Kurdistan’s President Spar Over Weapons As Part Of Larger Political Dispute)

2012 Iraqiya complained PM Maliki centralizing power

2012 Parliament committee created to investigate mass arrests in Baghdad before Arab Summit Never

made report

2013 Iran delivered bodies of Iraqi militiamen killed fighting for it in Syria

(Musings On Iraq The Increasing Flow Of Iraqi Fighters To Syria, An Interview With University Of Maryland’s Phillip Smyth)

2013 Turkey said it was ready to build a pipeline for Kurdish oil exports

2013 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi announced ISIS after victory taking Raqqa in Syria

2013 Integrity committee member said Central Bank of Iraq chief Shabibi not fired for corruption as

Maliki govt claimed Said he was removed for turning down request for money by PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Controversial Case Against Central Bank Of Iraq Officials Continues)

2015 Hashd spokesman denied stories Hashd looting in Tikrit Blamed tribes and individuals

(Musings On Iraq Divisions Over Iraq War Exposed In Victory In Tikrit)

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch Finds Iraq Government Forces Destroyed Tikrit Area After Its Recapture)

2015 Dep head of Anbar council said Kataib Hezbollah and Peace Brigades had deployed to Shjariya,

Anbar Hashd would later claim they were not in Anbar because of PM Abadi and US

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2015 Report VP Nujafi claimed population of Sunnis and Shiites was very close in number Claimed

voting didn’t provide real numbers of Sunnis because of violence and boycotts

2015 IS began multi prong attack upon Ramadi in Albu Jassim Albu Risha Albu Faraj and 2

neighborhoods in city Included 5 car bombs 3 suicide bombers

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Ramadi Has Not Fallen But The Islamic State Has Gained Ground)

(Musings On Iraq interview The Political Fallout From The Loss Of Iraq’s Ramadi Interview With EPIC’s Ahmed Ali)

2020 Iraqi intelligence chief Mustafa al-Kazemi became new premier candidate after Adnan al-Zurfi

failed to reach consensus on his govt

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Has 3rd Candidate For Premier)

2022 Fmr Ninewa Gov Nujafi given 7 yrs in absentia for mismanaging public funds Used money to

pay for his Ninewa Guards May 2015 parliament removed Nujafi as governor 2018 given 3 yrs for collaborating with Turkey

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Security In Iraq May 15-21, 2024

The Islamic State and the Iraqi Islamic Resistance were both active in Iraq during the third week of May.