Sunday, August 25, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 25


1920 British gave limited self-rule in Najaf to try to stop 1920 Revolt there
1920 UK Cmdr Gen Haldane wrote that almost all the tribes north of Diyala had joined the 1920 revolt and
was afraid it was spreading to Kirkuk and Irbil
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 British High Commissioner for Iraq Cox demanded apology from King Faisal for anti-Mandate
comment at his party
1941 British forces in Basra and Diyala invaded Iran where Shah refused to expel Germans spreading Axis
propaganda
1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad
1981 Saddam met with military command Said strategy was to bleed Iranian army and destroy Iran’s oil and
electricity industry
1983 Turkey conducted 2nd raid into Iraqi Kurdistan attacking PKK and KDP bases under Iraq-Turkey
security agreement
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1988 Villages in Dohuk hit by chemical weapons in 6th Anfal campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1990 UN Resolution 665 strengthened economic sanctions on Iraq for Kuwait invasion
2002 James Baker OpEd in New York Times said US needed UN resolution that Iraq submit to inspections
anytime Said US needed to be explicit that if Iraq avoided the inspections US would invade and change the govt
2003 Funeral in Najaf turned into anti-American demonstration
2004 US army investigation blamed morally corrupt soldiers and contractors poor leadership for Abu Ghraib
prison abuse scandal Found intelligence officers played leading role in Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal
2004 Ayatollah Sistani said he would return from medical treatment in England to Iraq to try to end
2nd Battle of Najaf
(Musings On Iraq article on 2nd battle of Najaf)
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
(Musings On Iraq book review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)
2005 Constitutional committee given 3rd extension to finish work
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2006 Iraqis looted base exited by British in Maysan before Iraqi forces could take it over
2006 Head of Association of Muslim Scholars Sheikh Dhari said he was willing to meet with Ayatollah
Sistani to talk about ending national crisis
2008 Electricity Min announced that power production had reached same level as 2002 before US invasion
Only 50% of demand was being met though due to huge increase in usage after 2003 Later turned out Ministry included power provided from Iran and Turkey
(Musings On Iraq article on Electricity Min announcement)
2009 Iraqi govt demanded Syria turn over 2 Baathists accused of involvement in Aug 18 Baghdad
bombings and expel all terrorists Iraq and Syria ended up withdrawing their ambassadors Ended PM Maliki’s reconciliation with Syria
2009 ISI claimed responsibility for Aug 18 Baghdad bombings
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)
2010 ISI coordinated attacks in Mosul Kirkuk Tikrit Dujail Baquba Muqtadiya Ramadi Fallujah Karbala Kut
Basra Baghdad
2016 Iraqi forces freed Qayara Ninewa

View the Iraqi History Timelines 

Saturday, August 24, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 24


1922 On anniversary of King Faisal’s coronation opposition gave him a petition calling for an
assembly to draft a constitution, elections for a parliament, and independence for Iraq
1922 UK High Commissioner for Iraq Sir Percy Cox met by anti-British slogans being chanted outside
palace During celebration Haras Party leader Basir gave anti-British speech Cox demanded King punish perpetrators
1986 Ayatollah Khomeini said Iran had to fight until victory and Saddam deposed
1988 Iran and Iraq started peace talks in Geneva to officially end Iran-Iraq War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1988 Start of 6th and final Anfal campaign focused upon destroying KDP bases in Dohuk KDP HQ attacked
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1990 PLO Foreign Minister Qaddumi said PLO supported Iraq against colonialists
1995 UK intel report said Iraq had hidden much of its nuke program destroyed its SCUDs didn’t have
hidden chemical stockpile
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
1998 US Intel said Iraq was connected to Al Qaeda chemical plant Clinton admin bombed in Sudan
2000 Iraq rejected new UN inspectors and Resolution 1284
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2003 Ayatollah Hakim wounded in bombing at his Najaf office Some blamed Sadr for attack in growing
inter-Shiite rivalry
2003 Bremer admitted US not doing a good job securing Iraq’s borders
2004 Panel found Rumsfeld’s orders on interrogations contributed to abuse of prisoners in Iraq Found that
US underestimated need for prisons in postwar Iraq then didn’t attempt to solve the problem Contradicted White House claim that Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal was act of a few prison guards Found Abu Ghraib prison abuse was not part of an intelligence gathering operation
2005 Report EFP attacks upon US forces showed Iranian and Hezbollah arming militias in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2005 Police took away 36 Sunnis from Hurriya Baghdad tortured killed them and dumped bodies along
Iranian border Judge blamed Volcano Brigade commander but nothing done to him
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2006 PM Maliki banned TV channels from showing bloodshed caused by the war
2007 Natl Intel Estimate on Iraq said security improving unevenly No reconciliation
2007 Report Pentagon plan to restart state owned enterprises by getting US businesses to buy Iraqi products
            failed
2007 Iraqi Red Crescent and International Organization for Migration reported that number of displaced
grew during Surge from 499,000 in Feb 07 to 1.1 mil in Aug 07 100,000 fleeing per month
2008 PM Maliki broke deal with Kurds and moved ISF into Khanaqin east Diyala Kurds organized
demonstrations in response
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
2009 Sadrists ISCI Jaafari announced creation of National Alliance
(Musings On Iraq The New National Alliance And Other Political Maneuverings)
2015 Sadr said his followers should join Friday protests in Baghdad on Aug 28
(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)
2015 Sit in protests in Basra ended when govt promised to meet their demands Were not met

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, August 23, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 23


1922 King Faisal struck by appendicitis with no PM or govt UK High Commissioner Cox ruled
until king returned Cox deported and exiled opposition leaders banned opposition parties and papers Silenced opposition and Shiite leaders
1924 American Consul in Iraq said King Faisal had no popular support and many were openly opposed to          him
1952 Communist led strike at Basra port over pay Broken up by police Started year of protests called the
Intifada
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1962 Govt census in Jazeera listed 120,000 Kurds as aliens during Kurdish revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1986 1000 Turkish soldiers invaded Kurdistan Captured 40 KDP Peshmerga
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1988 UN said that Iraq used poison gas in attack on Oshnaviyeh Iran on Aug 2 that wounded around 2,600
civilians 7th time UN documented use of WMD by Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam appeared on state TV with western hostages in Iraq Told them they were being held to
prevent war
1996 Barzani said KDP stopped PUK offensive captured or killed 400 PUK Peshmerga
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2002 UK intel said it knew little about Iraq’s WMD since 1988
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 CPA created Dep of Border Enforcement but gave it little money to control Iraq’s borders
2003 Turkmen protested in Kirkuk city over Turkmen being killed Turned violent 3 killed 15-20 wounded
2005 US embassy report said Gen Casey’s plan for handing off security to Iraq had no chance of succeeding
and argued for counterinsurgency to defeat insurgency
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2005 Sunni members of constitutional committee said they rejected draft Said committee didn’t create
consensus on draft
2005 Members of Allawi’s Iraqi National Accord also voiced concerns over draft constitution
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2006 Gen Barbero Joint Chief deputy chief of ops said Iran training funding arming Iraqi militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 UK Intel report Said Maliki govt unable to deal with militias because afraid of break up of United Iraqi
Alliance
2008 Report 2 Mahdi Army men said Hezbollah training the militia in Lebanon
(Musings On Iraq article on Iranian and Hezbollah training of Iraqi militias)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
2009 Baghdad Operations Command aired taped confession of man who said he was a Baathist and
involved in Aug 18 Baghdad bombings Said attack ordered by Syria Was actually done by ISI
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)
2015 Police opened fire on demonstrations in Babil wounding 4

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, August 22, 2019

Review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict


Hybel, Alex Roberto and Kaufman, Justin Matthew, The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict, New York, Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan, 2006

In The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein Alex Hybel and Justin Kaufman attempted to explain the decision making process behind the senior and junior Bush presidents when they dealt with Iraq in the Gulf War and 2003 Invasion and find an appropriate theory to help understand them. They found the two presidents were strikingly similar. The authors argued that both administrations reacted instinctively to Saddam, seeing the world in stark black and white terms. Instead of being rational actors they both fell victim to group think by refusing to consider alternatives after they quickly made decisions about what to do about Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 21


1921 King Faisal’s coronation Started negotiations over Anglo-Iraq treaty
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1950 Nuri al-Said threatened to revoke license of transport company if didn’t fill quota of shipping 500
Jews out of Iraq per day
1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad
2002 Bush told press he had patience on Iraq and was thinking of all the options
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2003 Sec State Powell asked UN Security Council to pass resolution encouraging foreign countries to
provide troops for Iraq
2003 Ali Hassan al-Majid “Chemical Ali” captured by US forces
2005 Interior Minister Jabr said that stories of Iran supplying weapons to Iraqi militias were exaggerated
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2005 Islamic Party leader Tariq Hashemi said constitution would not stop violence in Iraq because most
politicians not recognized by public
2005 Isam al-Rawi of Muslim Scholars Association advocated US withdrawal reforming security forces
amnesty for Baathists talks with insurgency
2006 2nd trial started for Saddam accused of genocide during Anfal campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Jazeera police station in Ramadi Killed Sheikh Ataymi of Albu Jassim in
Anbar who aligned with US and provided tribesmen for Ramadi police
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
2006 Bush said Saddam had relations with Zarqawi Disputed by CIA who said no ties between two
2007 ISI killed Sheikh Alayawia of Abu Jassim tribe of Ramadi for supporting govt
2007 ISI blew up new police station in Jazeera, Anbar
2007 Report 3 attempts to replace PM Maliki including from ISCI within his own Dawa and from Allawi
            U.S. trying to prop up his govt
2008 Report Finance Min counted all money appropriated in budget as spent when little of it actually was
Govt claimed it spent 57% of the 2008 budget by Aug when only 18% had been used
(Musings On Iraq article on inability of Iraqi govt to spend budget)
2015 Protests in Baghdad Maysan Dhi Qar Wasit Diyala Basra Kirkuk Qadisiyah Salahaddin Najaf Karbala
Babil Diwainiya demanding reform
2015 Police attacked reporters from 3 TV stations trying to cover day’s protests

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, August 21, 2019

Security In Iraq Aug 8-14, 2019

(Shafaaq News)

Attacks went back down to the teens during the second week of August in Iraq. This was another sign that this year’s spring-summer campaign Revenge of the Levant has not amounted to much. At the same time that might be because the Islamic State has other priorities in Iraq right now.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 22


1973 Sheikh Jabir al-Sabah visited Iraq and again offered to talk about Iraq-Kuwait border dispute
Iraq demanded 2 islands from Kuwait which it refused
1991 Bush announced no fly zone over southern Iraq to stop Saddam offensive to clear out southern
marshes
1995 UN interviewed Hussein Kamal former Industry Min and Saddam’s son-in-law that defected to
Jordan Kamal said Iraq hid its WMD and nuke programs from inspectors but all programs ended after Gulf War US and UN didn’t believe Kamal’s claim that Iraq had ended its programs Were convince Iraq would always hide WMD
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1996 Massoud Barzani wrote Saddam asking for help to fight PUK and their Iranian backers in Irbil Tariq
Aziz released letter
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2003 Bush said Iraq war had transformed to one against Baathists and Al Qaeda
2003 Australian intel officer testified to parliament no pre-war evidence of Iraq-Al Qaeda ties and Iraq’s
WMD contained Said US flooded with disinformation by anti-Saddam Iraqis before war
2005 Incomplete draft constitution presented to parliament Given another extension to finish draft
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2005 Report Abu Mustafa Sheibani running arms for Iranian Revolutionary Guard to Shiite militias in Iraq
including EFPs
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2005 Board of Supreme Audit report leaked to press Nearly half of $1.27 bil spent by Def Min disappeared
in 1st 8 months of Allawi govt Found Allawi’s office and Def Min gave no bid defense contracts to middlemen paid up front in cash
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2006 Sheikh Abu Risha met with US and asked for more financing and more raids on insurgents
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 1920 Revolution Brigade leader killed by ISI in Baquba His mosque was destroyed and 15 people
kidnapped as well
2009 Iraqi govt said it was arresting Baathists involved in Aug 18 Baghdad bombings when it was actually
ISI
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)
2014 ISF and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raided mosque in Diyala and killed worshippers
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)
2015 Gunmen in military uniforms attacked sit in protesters in Basra Police did nothing
2015 Riot police broke up protests in Hillah beating them Used water hoses

View the Iraq History Timelines 
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Tuesday, August 20, 2019

Expansion of the Hashd al-Shaabi’s Influence In Iraq, Interview With Clingendael’s Erwin van Veen

(Getty)

Erwin van Veen is part of the Clingendael Institute in the Netherlands, which has released a series of reports about the Hashd al-Shaabi in Iraq over the last several years. The last one came out in July 2019 and talked about how different Hashd groups were expanding their influence in Iraq. This is an interview about those development. Van Veen can be followed on Twitter @ErwinVeen.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 20


1974 Iraq deployed 84,000 troops and 20,000 Kurdish militia to fight KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1987 Dawa set off car bomb in Baghdad killing 20
1988 Ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War announced 350 UN peacekeepers deployed along border
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 NSD 45 signed saying U.S. would get withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait restore Kuwaiti govt
restore security of Gulf protect U.S. citizens in Kuwait and Iraq
1990 Iraq withdrew from last piece of Iranian territory taken during Iran-Iraq War Meant to secure
            east front
(Musings On Iraq book review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)
1991 Barzani left Baghdad effectively ending autonomy talks with Baghdad
1995 Iraq admitted to UN inspectors that its crash program to build a nuclear bomb failed
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1996 PUK attacked KDP positions in Sulaymaniya with Iranian artillery and helicopter support
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1997 Iraq agreed to allow Iranian pilgrims to go to Najaf and Karbala as way to get around UN sanctions
2002 Rumsfeld said Al Qaeda operatives were in Iraq and that US needed to launch pre-emptive strike
because couldn't wait for Iraq to get stronger
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)
2002 UnderSecDef Feith’s intel group met with CIA to discuss Iraq-Al Qaeda ties Complained CIA didn’t
believe Iraq involved in 9/11 Brought up story that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel in Prague in 2001
2003 Bush at NSC meeting said US had to re-evaluate enemy in Iraq after Zarqawi bombed UN in
Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2003 UN said bombing of its Baghdad offices wouldnt stop reconstruction of Iraq UN would withdraw most
of its staff
2003 Bremer told Iraqi Governing Council they had to act quicker to rebuild country and give public
confidence
2004 PM Allawi called for Sadr to give up Imam Ali shrine in Najaf or face US-Iraq assault
(Musings On Iraq article on 2nd battle of Najaf)
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
(Musings On Iraq book review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)
2005 Report Islamic Party talked with insurgents to try to ensure large turnout in constitutional referendum
2005 Report Shiite parties took over police in Basra Carried out assassinations of ex-Baathists Sunni leaders
and rival Shiites
2005 Report Peshmerga ran 5 prisons and carrying out mass arrests of Sunnis Turkmen and minorities in
Mosul
2007 ISCI governor of Muthanna assassinated by Sadrists Sadr-Hakim rivalry
2007 Report Mahdi Army fighters said they’d gone to Lebanon to train with Hezbollah Sadr said there was
a formal alliance between the two groups
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
2007 Protest in Bagdhad’s Ghazilyia against Sahwa there Ghazailya Guardians Said they were former
insurgents
2008 As part of Maliki-Pres Barzani deal Peshmerga began withdrawing from Qara Tappa and Jalawla in
Diyala after Baghdad sent in army and demanded them to withdraw from disputed area
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki-KRG dispute over Khanaqin dist)
2011 On ISI’s 5th anniv released video with message that it was going to Syria
2012 US warned that oil companies signing deals with Kurds without Baghdad’s approval were taking risks
2015 Pres Barzani’s term expired but he refused to leave office
2017 Operation to free Tal Afar began
2018 Protests in Muthanna and West Qurna 1 oil field in Basra over services and jobs


View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, August 19, 2019

Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 3? Interview With Horizon’s Alex Mello

(Reuters)

Violence in Iraq is at the lowest level since the 2003 invasion. This is despite the Islamic State announcing its annual spring-summer offensive Revenge of the Levant. That raises the question of whether IS can make a comeback again like it did after the Surge.  To help delve into this question is Alex Mello a security analyst at Horizon. He can be followed on Twitter @AlexMello2.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 19


1921 UK cabinet decided Feisal would be coronated king and then Anglo-Iraq treaty drafted
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1984 France agreed to refinance $1.4 bil in debts Iraq owed France biggest western backer of Iraq
1988 UN Res 619 created military observation group to watch Iran-Iraq border to make sure ceasefire
followed
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1996 PUK accused KDP of working with Baghdad KDP accused PUK of working with Iran during civil war
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
2003 Zarqawi bombed UN headquarters in Baghdad killed 23 including UN Rep de Mello and injured
over 100
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2003 Bremer asked Washington if he could arrest Sadr Rumsfeld said no fearing would provoke more
violence
2004 PM Allawi wrote Bush saying Iraq was more dangerous and unstable than a year ago
2004 Allawi govt called for Sadr to disband Mahdi Army and leave Najaf shrine
2004 Sistani’s office said it was open to Sadr’s offer to turn over keys to Najaf shrine
(Musings On Iraq article on 2nd battle of Najaf)
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
(Musings On Iraq book review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)
2004 Iraq Survey Group head Kay was rebuked by NSC staffer for criticizing NSC to Congress on
WMD Group head Kay said Rice more interested in being Bush’s friend than being National Security Adviser
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq unsuccessful fired rockets from Jordan at 2 US ships docked in Israeli port
2005 3 Islamic Party members kidnapped by gunmen in Mosul putting up flyers to vote in constitutional
referendum
2007 US general accused Iran of training Shiite militias in Iraq to attack US forces Said 50 Iranian
Revolutionary Guard members in South Baghdad Last 3 months found 217 weapons in 4 provinces suspected of coming from Iran Said most going to Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2009 Iraq withdrew its ambassador to Damascus to protest Baghdad bombings
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s response to Fall 09 bombings)
2014 IS posted video of beheading of journalist James Foley
2018 Protest in Qadisiya over services

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, August 18, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 18


1933 Iraqi army held victory parade and given award by Prince Ghazi for massacring Assyrians in
north Total 60 villages looted and destroyed Around 600 killed
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1982 Iraq fired 27 SCUD missiles at Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port with little to no effect
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 Saddam said foreign workers and visitors could not leave Iraq after Kuwait invasion
1990 UN Resolution 664 demanded Iraq release foreign nationals it held
2003 Bremer told Rumsfeld gave order not to arrest Sadr to try to avoid further violence
2003 General Robert Fry Deputy Chief of UK Defense Staff said that Iraqis had grown tired of Coalition
Said Shiite leaders warned that people could start turning on Coalition Said rebuilding ISF political development and providing services in southern Iraq was stalled
2004 Iraq Survey Group head Kay testified to Congress Blamed Rice and NSC for not checking WMD intel
before war
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq, One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)
2005 Police report listed 18 Sunnis arrested in Baghdad 6 weeks later their bodies found along Iranian
border Showed torture
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2005 Anbar governor and other Sunni leaders fired upon in Ramadi during meeting over constitutional
referendum
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Governor Alwani)
2006 Report 2 Iraqi army divisions in Anbar short 5,000 troops Soldiers not getting paid Defense Min could
not supply them
2009 ISI set off 3 car bombs in Baghdad hitting Finance and Foreign Ministries and Rashid Hotel killing
101 and wounding 565 PM Maliki blamed Baathists and Syria for Baghdad bombings even though it was ISI
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)
2015 IS second in command Abu Muslim al-Turkmani killed by US drone strike in Mosul
2017 Kirkuk Gov Karim rejected court order to remove Kurdish flag from government buildings in province

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, August 17, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 17


1920 Ex-Ottoman Iraqi officers asked leading Shiite cleric Shirazi for money Were rejected by Sayid
Tabikh who called the officers mercenaries
1933 Surviving Assyrian women and children from Sumail sent to Dohuk and then Mosul
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1937 PM Hikmat Sulaiman govt resigned over threat of military revolt by Mosul Garrison commander Gen
Umari Officers overthrew govt believing it had too many Kurds and Turks and not anti-imperialist Pan-Arabistis
1937 Jamil al-Midfai became premier for 3rd time in deal with pan-Arab officers
1937 Gen Fawzi became army chief of staff Promised to follow pan-Arabism support Arab nationalist
officers Ended talks with Persia over Shatt al-Arab
1937 PM Midfai named Col Najib Defense Minister which angered pan-Arab officers Najib promoted Iraqi
nationalist officers
1937 PM Midfai wanted to exonerate deposed Sulaiman govt Nuri al-Said wanted them punished Began
plotting with army against Midfai
(Musings On Iraq book review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
1973 Progressive National Patriotic Front announced between Baath Communists and KDP
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1987 Iraq told UN it wouldn’t accept any changes to Resolution 598 that proposed ceasefire in Iran-Iraq
War
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1995 Iraq told inspectors after 1991 Kuwait invasion Iraq had placed biological weapons into 166 bombs and
25 missile warheads
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
1996 PUK attacked KDP positions in Haj Umran near Iranian border State Dept tried to mediate telling
Barzani should talk with Talabani
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1996 Barzani told State Dept Iran needed to back out of Kurdistan and without U.S. help he would turn to
Baghdad
2000 Iraq reopened Saddam International Airport to get around UN sanctions
2001 US Energy Dep report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not centrifuges
Said tubes didn’t match design for any operating centrifuges Report refuted CIA analyst who said alumunium tubes Iraq tried to buy would work for 1950s German centrifuge design
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2001 US Energy Dept report said Iraq trying to buy magnets and other moves showed that Iraq restarted its
centrifuge program to enrich uranium Didn’t know if nuke program restarted
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Pentagon memo argued against State suggestion that US would have to run Iraq after invasion State
didn’t think Iraqi exiles could run Iraq Pentagon agreed exiles had problems but US had to push them to prepare for the challenge Rejected a US occupation and said Iraq invasion should be like invasion of France in WWII when US fought with French forces to liberate their country Said were many bad elements in Iraq like radical Shiites communists Wahabis Al Qaeda that could fill vacuum after war so US had to put exiles into power
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 Iraq intelligence issued order to keep an eye out for Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
2002 CIA made 1st paper explaining assessment of aluminum tubes Said they were for nuclear program Said
high specifications showed they were for centrifuges
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
2003 CPA told White House if didn’t get additional $20.3 bil would be disaster for Bush’s plans for Iraq
2003 Water pipeline in Rusafa Baghdad hit with RGP knocking out water for 2 days for 300,000 people
2003 US forces killed Reuters reporter outside Abu Ghraib prison Said camera looked like an RPG
2004 Allawi govt offered amnesty and role in govt to Sadr in return for ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf
2004 NSC meeting discussed US attacking Imam Ali Shrine in Najaf and possibly killing Sadr 2nd Battle of
Najaf
(Musings On Iraq article on 2nd battle of Najaf)
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
(Musings On Iraq book review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)
2006 Bush held national security meeting to rethink Iraq strategy Bush told staff Iraq policy going bad and
wanted new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Iraqis may not be up to task of securing Baghdad
2006 US Marine report Starting Dec 05 Al Qaeda in Iraq started marginalizing and co-opting other
insurgent groups Was mad so many insurgents backed Dec 05 elections Wanted revenge
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
2006 Report 80% of insurgent attacks against Coalition 80% of casualties were Iraqi civilians Car bombs
and IEDs doubled from 2004 to 2005
2008 PM Maliki admitted that Op Mother of Two Rivers in Mosul failed to improve security Blamed
citizens for not cooperating with govt Govt never provided $100 mil in reconstruction after op
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki saying Op Mother of Two Rivers failed)
2009 PM Maliki visited Syria and promoted closer ties between the two Major reconciliation move as Syria
had supported insurgents
(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)
2010 ISI suicide bomber hit army recruits in Baghdad killing 60
2011 Iraqi parliament oil committee submitted draft of new oil law Never passed
2012 VP Biden called PM Maliki about Iran flying military supplies to Syria over Iraqi airspace
2015 Judicial Council rejected call for Chief Justice Medhat to resign
2017 PM Abadi’s office acknowledged that Emergency Response Division unit committed abuses reported
in Der Spiegel during Mosul campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article ABC News had follow up to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Toronto Star added more to story about abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article reactions to Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq Joint Operations Command attacked Der Spiegel article on abuses by Rapid Reaction Division during Mosul battle)
2017 Iraqi authorities announced members of Emergency Response Division were sent to court No specifics
given
2017 Iraqi court ruled that Kurdish flag be lowered from government buildings in Kirkuk
2018 Protests in Karbala Najaf Qadisiya Basra Baghdad for jobs services against corruption

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Friday, August 16, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 16


1946 KDP founded by Mustafa Barzani and Hamzah Abdullah
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1962 Turkish planes shot down Iraqi plane in retaliation for Iraq bombing Turkish border post while
fighting Kurdish rebels
1967 Law No 97 gave more power to Iraqi National Oil Company
1985 Iraq claimed it destroyed Iran’s main oil terminal at Kharg Island but only damaged it
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
2002 NSC meeting Sec State Powell argued for going to UN for new resolution on Iraq Bush agreed
2002 UnderSecDef Feith’s office claimed briefing day before convinced CIA Dir Tenet to reconsider Iraq-Al
Qaeda relationship Tenet denied Feith’s office had changed his view Feith’s office said Iraq and Al Qaeda cooperated CIA said they had contacts but no cooperation
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Insurgent attack on Abu Ghraib prison 6 prisoners killed 59 wounded
2006 Report Mahdi Army and insurgents fighting for control of Diyala Raiding villages and forcing people
out Mahdi Army trying to drive Sunnis out of Khan Bani Said Set up checkpoints robbed trucks kidnapped and murdered people on highway Many soldiers in Diyala were members of the Mahdi Army Others supported the militia US forces didn’t trust Iraqi forces in Diyala because of militia infiltration
2006 Followers of Mahmoud al-Hasani protested in Karbala Nasiriya Hillah against Iran and claimed
Ayatollah Sistani was Iranian puppet
2006 Pentagon review of Iraq war found US used too much force in civilian areas angered Iraqis and didn’t
form alliances with them Providing safety and security for Iraqis was not a priority
2006 Marine intel report US not lost militarily but defeated politically in Anbar Cited lack of US troops and
no functioning Iraqi govt in province Said Al Qaeda in Iraq most powerful force in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Report Bush told Middle East experts he did not support partition of Iraq Said he would make no
policy changes in war
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2007 With 17 ministers boycotting PM Maliki’s cabinet new ruling coalition announced of Dawa, ISCI,
            KDP, PUK US helped put coalition together
2007 Report Mahdi Army took over intimidated infiltrated army units in West Baghdad Jan 07 Defense
Min allowed Sadrists to create army unit in Kadhimiya Mahdi Army bribed and intimidated army units to allow it to attack Sunni neighborhoods Army gave vehicles for Mahdi Army to use Army units in Hurriya and Ghaziliya either controlled or working with Mahdi Army to force out Sunnis US organized Sahwa unit in Ghazilyia that was supposed to monitor army there Control of army in Hurriya also allowed Mahdi Army to attack U.S. units there Mahdi Army expanding into Washash Iskan Fadil with help of army
2008 Baghdad-Irbil deal to have Peshmerga withdraw from Khanaqin Diyala and turn over area to central
govt control Confrontation ensued when ISF began evicting Kurdish parties and Peshmerga from town
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki dispute with Kurds over Khanaqin)
2012 ISI carried out attacks in 19 cities leaving over 100 dead
2015 PM Abadi closed 4 ministries merged 8 others into 4 by decree even though legally had to go
through parliament Claimed part of reform program but was budget cuts
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2018 March to Basra council building over death of protester day before

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Thursday, August 15, 2019

Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War


Isikoff Michael and Corn, David, Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War, New York: Crown Publishers, 2006

Hubris focused upon the Bush administration’s argument for the 2003 invasion of Iraq and its aftermath in the United States. It’s an apt title because the White House argued that it was positive that Saddam Hussein was a threat to America, that the war would be easy, and the post-war situation easier. Not only that but the day the invasion ended, things began going wrong. The administration’s response was to ignore the bad news for years. Authors Michael Isikoff and David Corn focused upon the weapons of mass destruction and Iraq-Al Qaeda claims made by the U.S. and how they came apart. The second half of the book gets lost in the story of Joseph Wilson and his wife Valerie Plame that were targeted by the White House for Wilson’s criticism of a story that Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger. Hubris turned from what administration officials said about Iraq and how they were wrong to what administration officials and reporters said about Wilson and Plame. The latter is far less interesting than the former.

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 15


1920 UK PM George wrote that French objected to Faisal becoming king of Iraq George and French
both thought he was weak leader
1921 Feisal said he wouldn’t accept restrictions on sovereignty included in UK’s Iraq mandate Wanted an
Anglo-Iraq treaty that would give him full power
1921 Churchill wrote Iraq Commissioner Cox that Feisal needed to stop making demands of UK and do
what London told him
(Musings On Iraq article on Churchill’s policy towards Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1933 King Feisal ordered Interior Min Suleiman to investigate massacre of Assyrians in Sumail
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review State and Society in Iraq)
1982 Iraqi planes started attacking shipping at Khor Musa channel leading to Bandar Khomeini port in Iran
Sank 2 ships
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)
1982 Iraqi planes started bombing campaign against Kharg Island Iran’s major oil port
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1986 Turkey launched raid into Kurdistan after PKK destroyed a Turkish military post in Anatolia Turks
killed 165 PKK
1990 Iraqi opposition in Iran claimed they could field 50,000 to fight Saddam
1990 Iraq offered to fully implement UN Res 598 and Algiers Agreement to try to win favor with Iran after
Kuwait invasion
1991 UN Resolution 706 proposed Iraq import petroleum products to alleviate humanitarian situation
caused by sanctions Iraq rejected plan
1991 UN Resolution 707 Said Iraq was in flagrant violation of weapons inspectors Allowed inspectors to use
planes and helicopters for flights inside Iraq
1991 Baghdad objected to Res 707 saying US had flown U2 spy plane over Iraq claiming it was for
inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1995 Supreme Council denounced Jordan taking in Saddam’s son-in-law Hussein Kamal calling him a
murderer 
2002 NatlSecAdv Rice said US needed to launch pre-emptive strike against Iraq before it got too strong
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2002 Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Feith’s office briefed CIA officials on its findings that Iraq and
Al Qaeda had cooperated for years
2002 1st Bush NatlSecAdv Scowcroft wrote Wall St Journal OpEd saying Saddam not threat to US and not
connected to 9/11
2002 Sec State Powell called Scowcroft thanking him for OpEd saying it would help for arguments within
administration over Iraq
2002 Dep head of UK embassy to US wrote that White House talking about when war would start
not if it would happen
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)
2003 White House objected to CPA’s request for $20.3 bil after administration said it would not ask
Congress for any more money for Iraq
2003 Oil pipeline to Turkey bombed in Baiji Salahaddin shutting down exports for 2nd time in a week
2004 Peace talks between Allawi govt and Sadr broke down over ending 2nd Battle of Najaf
(Musings On Iraq article on 2nd battle of Najaf)
(Musings On Iraq book review Battle For The City Of The Dead)
2005 One week extension given to Constitutional committee to finish work
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)
2008 Report US intel officer said that Iranian Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah had 4 training
camps in Iran for Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah in Tehran Qom Ahaz Mashhad
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran training Iraqi militias)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
2011 ISI attacked Sahwa in mosque in Yusifiya during Ramadan and bombed St Ephraim Syriac Orthodox
church in Kirkuk
2012 PM Maliki said he wanted better relations with Turkey but also complained about Ankara’s ties to
Kurdistan
2015 Chief Justice Medhat said that judiciary supported PM Abadi’s reforms but made no changes
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2018 Protester killed by police beating outside West Qurna 2 oil field Basra Led to more demonstrations in
province

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This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 25

1920 British gave limited self-rule in Najaf to try to stop 1920 Revolt there 1920 UK Cmdr Gen Haldane wrote that alm...