Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Iraqi Forces Kidnapping Protesters In Intimidation Campaign

Mary Mohammed who was disappeared by the security forces in Baghdad and released a week later (Twitter)


On November 19, Iraq’s Human Rights Commission called on Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi as commander and chief to order the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) to stop the abduction and disappearance of activists and journalists. Since the start of November every week there is a story of someone involved in the protest movement disappearing. Of course, those are the ones lucky enough to get in the media. There are plenty more that don’t get any press and whose fate is unknown. This is part of Baghdad’s attempt to intimidate the demonstrators in the hopes that they will eventually stop.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 20


1914 Arab tribes told British forces Ottomans had abandoned Basra British forces set out to
take city
1920 US complained 3rd time to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraqi oil between
France and England
1920 British worked out ceasefire with Hachcham tribe last one fighting in 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 Abd Sadoun became Iraq’s 2nd PM His orders were to organize elections for an assembly to
write constitution
1922 Lausanne conference convened to end WWI with Ottomans and decide whether British to
Turks got Mosul vilyat
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1963 Tahir Yahya became premier Held office 2 times
1973 KDP and Communists agreed to end hostilities between the two KDP had been attacking
Communists for its alliance with Bakr govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1982 Tariq Aziz accused US and Soviet Union of allowing weapons to be sent to Iran during Iran-
Iraq War
1997 Russia brokered deal to allow US members of UN inspectors back into Iraq In return
inspections would be completed quickly and UN would begin talks over ending sanctions
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
1998 UN inspectors asked for 12 documents were told some documents never existed and would
only turn over edited version of others
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
2001 US Embassy in Niger reported that Niger official said no way it could produce enough uranium
reports claimed Iraq bought from it
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)
2001 Wall St Journal OpEd by Eliot Cohen said Iraq helped Al Qaeda and had WMD so should be
attacked
2003 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK office in Kirkuk killing 5
2003 US army team with dogs arrived at Abu Ghraib prison which were used to abuse prisoners
2005 Report on how US relied upon Iraqi defector CURVEBALL for intel on Iraq’s WMD when
they were warned he was unreliable
(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)
(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)
(Musings On Iraq The Story Of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)
2006 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Pentagon claimed US carried out Marshall Plan in Iraq and accomplished minor miracle
rebuilding country
2006 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs were resistant to acknowledge insurgency in Iraq
            when it started
2007 Captured ISI financier from Mosul said he had $6 mil budget and 500 men in his unit Got money
from extortion kidnapping and from Syria Said ISI had connections to most businesses in Mosul
2007 Report 46,000 refugees returned to Iraq in Oct 07 Displaced Min said 10,000 went to Baghdad US
commander in Baghdad said displacement in city mostly ended Nov 07 UN said not yet time for Iraqis to return Stil 2.3 mil displaced Govt was inflating return numbers
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
2009 ISCI head Hakim said Baathists should be able to take part in Iraqi politics if didn’t have blood on
their hands Was counter to PM Maliki increasingly talking about Baathist threat before 2010 elections
(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)
2009 Fadhil Baghdad Sahwa head Mashhadani sentenced to death for murder during civil war Part of PM
Maliki’s crackdown on Sahwa
(Musings On Iraq Fadhil Sons of Iraq Leader Sentenced To Death)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Iraq’s Defense Minister Tried To Deny Security Forces Behind Deaths Of Protesters

(Twitter)

Iraq’s Defense Minister Najah al-Shammari recently gave an interview with France 24. That made headlines because he said that the tear gas canisters used against the protests in Iraq were not bought by the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF). That missed his main comment however, which was the police and army were not behind the shooting of demonstrators. This was the latest attempt by the government to deny responsibility for the 300 plus people that have been killed since the start of October when social unrest returned to the country.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 19


1914 British troops took Ottoman fort at Sahil in the city of Basra
1973 KDP and Communists began talks to end hostilities between two KDP had been attacking
Communists for its alliance with Bakr govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1991 UN report said Iraqi forces used torture and mass killings to put down Shiite uprising after Gulf
War
1997 KDP recaptured lost territory from PUK
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1997 UN told that dramatic increase in Iraqi oil smuggling through Iran violating UN sanctions
1997 Wash Post OpEd by Wolfowitz and Khalilzad called for US to overthrow Saddam
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
1998 Iraqis refused to hand over documents to UN inspectors
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
1999 UN Res 1275 extended Oil for Food program for Iraq
2002 UK Def Min official warned Blair’s office that without proper postwar planning Iraq war could
fail
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 Car bomb at Sheikh Suleiman’s home after he made deal with US for police to take over security in
Ramadi
2004 Assoc of Muslim Scholars announced Sunni boycott of Jan 05 elections claiming results would
be fake and non-representative
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2004 Gen Smith dep cmdr CENTCOM said insurgents were carrying out effective intimidation
campaign before Jan 05 elections
2005 Marines killed 24 civilians in revenge for Marine being killed by IED in Haditha
2006 Dep Health Min Saffar kidnapped by policeman run by Mahdi Army Killed him under orders of Dep
Health Min Zamili
2006 Suicide car bomb hit day laborers in Hillah killing 22 wounding 40 3 car bombs hit bus station
            east Baghdad killing 10 injuring 45
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 Syrian Foreign Minister visited Baghdad 1st high ranking Syrian official to visit since 2003 Said
Assad backed Maliki govt and wanted foreign troops to withdraw
2006 Iraqi Islamic Party said warrant for Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Assoc ended Maliki’s
reconciliation program Iraqi Accordance Front demanded warrant be withdrawn 1,000 protested in Adhamiya against warrant
2006 AP reported more Iraqis died in first three weeks of Nov than all of Oct Nov 1-19 1,319 dead vs
1,216 in Oct
2007 US-Iraqi raids on Sadrists in Diwaniya and Najaf Dozens of Mahdi Army members arrested 70
police in Diwaniya dismissed for connections to militia Was part of Op Lion’s Leap vs Mahdi Army Came after fighting between Mahdi Army and Badr
2007 Report Maliki govt denied services to Baghdad’s Ghaziliya Neighborhood split between Sahwa
Ghaziliya guardians and police connected to sectarian killings
2008 PUK politburo created committees to discuss its internal divisions

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, November 18, 2019

Oil Exports And Revenues Decline For Iraq After OPEC Criticism

(Reuters)

Iraq’s oil exports dropped in October 2019 after it was criticized by OPEC for violating its production quota. In response the Oil Minister said he would reduce output, which in turn cut foreign sales.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 18


1914 British launched second attack on Ottoman forces in Zain, Basra
1963 Pres Arif and brother Gen Arif and army put down Baath National Guard militia in Baghdad
Mosul and Kirkuk
1963 Pres Arif removed Baathists from positions in govt including PM Bakr
1968 KDP called on UN to intervene in Iraq during Kurdish revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1973 Communists said they would stop anti-KDP propaganda campaign attacking it as feudal party
and capitalist tool
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1979 Naji Suwaidi became premier of Iraq
1980 UN Special Rep to Iran and Iraq Olof Palme began mediation mission to try to stop war
1987 Iraq bombed 2 abandoned nuclear reactors in south Iran 2nd time
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1997 Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Iraqis trying to convince them to cooperate with
weapons inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
1998 UN inspections began again in Iraq with goal of causing a confrontation to justify US bombing
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
2002 New UN inspectors arrived in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2005 House Republicans attacked Democrats for trying to cut and run in Iraq by backing withdrawal
US policy was withdrawal
2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Shiite mosque in Khanaqin Diyala 74 dead
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2005 Study 90-96% of insurgency were Iraqis only 4-10% foreign fighters
2006 Pentagon and Joint Chiefs papers on Iraq said US should follow Gen Casey plan to withdraw turn
things over to Iraqis Joint Chiefs paper said Iraq falling into civil war US strategy not working
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 US intel report on Iraq said US had no good options in Iraq
2006 VP Cheney’s office memo on Iraq said US should back Shiites and Kurds and forget about Sunnis
2008 US signed Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq that set 12/31/11 withdrawal date for US forces
2008 Report PM Maliki fired or replaced 17 anti-corruption officials Some were inspector generals at
Water Culture Trade Youth Ministries and perhaps Foreign Affairs Ministry Central Bank of Iraq Sunni and Christian Endowments
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki removing inspector generals)
2009 VP Hashemi vetoed parliamentary election law saying it would reduce Sunni seats Kurdish Alliance
State of Law ISCI amended law to cut possible seats for Sunnis
(Musings On Iraq VP Hashemi Shoots Himself In The Foot With Veto Of Iraqi Election Law)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate


Review Giglio, Mike, Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate, New York: Public Affairs, 2019

Mike Giglio worked for Newsweek and the Daily Beast covering the Arab Spring in Egypt, the Syrian civil war, and finally the Battle for Mosul. He put that experience into Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate. It reads like short vignettes of Giglio’s time in Egypt, Turkey, Syria and Iraq. That’s its major problem however as these individual stories, while enjoyable to read, don’t add up to a unified story.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 17


1952 Opposition parties agreed to coordinating committee to lead strikes Started Intifada against
            Regent
1975 France-Iraq nuclear deal France would provide enriched uranium build a reactor and power
station called Osirak in Iraq 
1980 Iraq took Susangard Khuzistan 2nd time 
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1982 Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim announced Supreme Assembly of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq
formed in Iran
(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)
1987 Iraq bombed 2 abandoned nuclear reactors in south Iran believing that Tehran had restarted
work on them
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1993 Iran reported 60,000 Iraqi refugees entered country after Saddam drained southern marshes
2001 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz wrote Def Sec Rumsfeld that if any evidence found of Iraq involvement
in 9/11 US should act
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2005 US Embassy said militias and sectarian actors should not run Iraqi security forces or any
ministries
2005 Head of central criminal court in Baghdad Samarrie said special Inter Min forces didn't need
arrest warrants or file court papers to detain people
2005 Congressman Murtha introduced resolution to withdraw US troops from Iraq saying war going
badly
2005 Report detailed how INC defector Haideri spread false stories about Iraq WMD to media and a
White House paper
2006 Unknown group showed video on Iranian TV claiming responsibility for kidnapping 5 western
            security guards and stealing 19 trucks bringing supplies from Kuwait on Nov 16
2006 PM Maliki spokesman Dabbagh denied claim by Interior Ministry that it had arrest warrant for
            Harith al-Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Association Said Dhari under investigation
2006 State Dept memo suggested US should pull back from Iraq and have same relationship as all
other states Argued against a surge in troops in Iraq to help quell violence
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2009 US and ISF started Op Lion’s Leap targeting Mahdi Army in Diwaniya
2009 Transparency Intl ranked Iraq 4th most corrupt country in world Was #3 in 2008
(Musings On Iraq Iraq Moves Down List Of Most Corrupt In The World)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Vincent Foulk former US anti-graf official)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Stuart Bowen Special Inspetor General for Iraq Reconstruction)
2009 Displaced families in Diyala protested against election law which said displaced could only vote in
their home provinces Threatened a boycott
(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Displaced Forgotten In Debate Over Election Law)
2015 VP Nujafi filed lawsuit to remain in office after Abadi dismissed vice presidents
(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)
2015 3 dozen protesters in Baghdad taken away by police Some beaten
2017 Rawa in west Anbar liberated Was last town held by IS in Iraq

Saturday, November 16, 2019

Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Blamed For Kidnapping Iraqi General In Baghdad

Snapshot from video of Gen Jabbar being kidnapped in Baghdad (Iraq Newspaper)


Asaib Ahl Al-Haq has been blamed for another brazen attack. On November 13 video was posted on social media of an Interior Ministry General Abdul Jabbar having his vehicle surrounded by three SUVs in the Jadriya district of Baghdad. Men jumped out of the SUVs, took the general out of his vehicle and took him away. He has not been seen since. Prime Minister Abdul Mahdi said that the general should be released immediately. Asaib Ahl Al-Haq is known for attacking Americans, the Mahdi Army, Sunnis, and the Iraqi forces but this was the first time it kidnapped a general in broad daylight for everyone to see. It was a sign of just how emboldened the group feels that it would carry out such an operation.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 16


1914 British forces attacked Ottomans in Zain, Basra
1914 Leading Iraqi cleric Sayid Kadhim al-Yazidi gave speech in Najaf telling people to defend Islam
against British and provide money
1918 UK commissioner for Iraq Arnold Wilson wrote that Iraqis were happy with British occupation
1922 PM Gaylani’s second govt resigned
1922 UK cabinet voted to keep Mosul province as part of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
1930 Iraqi parliament ratified new Anglo-Iraq treaty ending British mandate but maintained British
influence
1961 Mustafa Barzani asked for UN aid to Kurds
1980 Iraq sent letter to the Iran saying Baghdad was still following 1975 Algiers Accord on Shatt al-
Arab and Tehran was violating it 
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
2004 Major fighting in 2nd Battle of Fallujah said to be over
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2005 VP Cheney said people that claimed US lied about causes of Iraq war undermined the troops
2005 White House rebutted NYTimes editorial that questioned pre-war WMD argument for Iraq war
2005 Sunni MP Falluji accused Iraqi forces of carrying out sectarian extra judicial killings
2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended
2006 Govt issued arrest warrant for Harith al-Dhari head of the Muslim Scholars Association for
            inciting violence
2006 49 vehicle convoy bringing supplies from Kuwait to Iraq stopped at Safwan 5 western security
            guards and 9 Asian drivers kidnapped 19 trucks taken
2006 White House leaked to press that it was thinking of a troop surge in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Def Sec Rumsfeld asked Gen Casey what was going on with National Police Casey said training was
doing good but not their performance
2009 PM Maliki said Baathists would not be allowed to run in 2010 elections Maliki had been
emphasizing Baathist threat since Aug Baghdad bombings which were actually done by ISI
(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)
2013 Erdogan met Barzani in Turkey and asked for his help with Kurdish vote in Turkey’s 2014
elections Asked Barzani to found a Turkish Kurdish party
2014 IS posted video of execution of American aid worker Peter Kassig
2017 NYTimes report Coalition airstrikes led to far higher civilian casualties than authorities admitted to

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, November 15, 2019

Islamic State Pulls Back While Iraq Protests Going On

(Shafaaq News)

Violence in Iraq was cut nearly in half in October due to the ongoing protests. The Islamic State has reduced its operations before when demonstrations broke out in the country.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 15

1914 British troops began attack on Ottomans in Basra City
1920 Report to UK Foreign Office said provisional Iraqi govt was set up in Karbala during 1920 Revolt
(Musings On Iraq book review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)
1922 Elections brought new PM Law to power in England who wanted to withdraw from Iraq
Created Iraq commission to review policy
1924 Frontier Commission started demarcating border between Iraq and new nation of Turkey
(Musings On Iraq book review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq book review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1971 Baath issued Charter for National Action to try to draw Communists into govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1986 Saddam told aides US wanted to keep Iraq and Iran balanced Was reason why US sold weapons
to Iran in Iran-Contra scandal
1998 UN accepted Iraq’s letter asking inspectors back
1998 Natl Sec Adv Berger met with head UN inspector Butler on inspection schedule to
            plan confrontation to give US excuse to bomb Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)
2000 UK Foreign Office report Saddam felt like he was winning in breaking down sanctions
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)
2001 Sec State Powell told PM Blair that after Afghanistan Right in US would push for bombing Iraq
2002 US asked UK and other allies for military support against Iraq
2002 Saudi Amb to US Bandar visited Bush Said Saudis wanted to know US intentions on Iraq Bush
told Bandar he would tell Saudis if he decided on war with Iraq
2003 Bremer announced November agreement after told his original plan for transition to Iraqi self
rule rejected by White House Bremer said 2/28/04 Governing Council would draft transitional law for Iraq Said by end of March 04 Governing Council would have a formal security agreement with Coalition Said by end of May 04 elections for transitional parliament selected through caucuses End of June 04 transitional parliament would appoint Iraqi govt Said by 3/15/05 Iraqi government would hold elections for constitutional convention End of 2005 elections for permanent govt held under new constitution November plan opposed by Sistani
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq book review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)
2003 Pentagon claimed UnderSecDef Feith’s intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was authorized by intel
community but it wasn’t
2005 PM Jaafari admitted that prisoners found by US forces at secret prison in Baghdad were tortured Inter
Min Gen Kamal claimed abuse done by inexperienced police and would lead to reform within ministry Secret prison was actually one of many run by Badr Inter Min forces throughout Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
2005 28 Sunni men found shot in head in Jasan Diyala near Iranian border
2005 US-Iraq Op Steel Curtain to clear Qaim Anbar ended
2006 Amb Khalilzad said PM Maliki should be given more control over Iraqi forces and US should push
him towards reconciliation
2006 White House staff began first day of Iraq strategy review Would lead to Surge
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2006 Senate Armed Services Com CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid said that changing troop levels
wouldn’t fix Iraq’s problems Said large US presence stopped Iraqis from taking responsibility Said new strategy needed but didn’t want Congress to set withdrawal timelines Same time said he was sending more troops to Anbar Said that Iraqi forces might be able to take charge of security in less than 12 months DIA Dir Gen Maples said things could get worse in Iraq due to weak governance growing insecurity lack of reconciliation CIA Dir Gen Hayden said that even if Baghdad gained more popular support unlikely govt could carry out meaningful reforms CIA and DIA directors said that attacks had gone from 70 per day in January to 100 per day in May and 180 in October
2007 PM Maliki said referendum on Kirkuk’s future would be held on this date Didn’t happen
2007 Report 42 women killed in Basra Jul-Sep 07 Provincial police chief said women facing repression
Islamist parties and militias going after women that didn’t cover themselves those who were working etc
2007 US general said number of bombs used/found in Iraq went from 3,239 in Mar 07 to 1,560 in Oct 07
Was fewest number since Sep 05 Also fewer Iranian arms shipments being found/used
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2009 PM Maliki said that Baathists would use 2010 elections to return to power but he would never let
that happen Maliki had been emphasizing Baathist threat since Aug Baghdad bombings which were actually done by ISI
(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)
2018 Oil Ministry began sending oil through KRG pipeline to Turkey once again after year hiatus
-->
View the Iraq History Timelines 

Thursday, November 14, 2019

News On Kidnapped Iraq Activists

Activist Sabi al-Mahdawi was released after being kidnapped in Baghdad (Twitter)


There was good and bad news about kidnapped Iraqi protesters on November 13. First, Saba al-Mahdawi and Ali Hashim were both released. No details were given on what happened to them. On the other hand, another protester, Mohammed Hassan al-Tarifi, a university student from Najaf was taken by unknown forces. Mahdawi was going home from Tahrir Square in Baghdad when armed men picked her up and she was not heard from for over a week. There was one report that Hashim had been killed. This is the type of intimidation demonstrators are facing. Elements of the security forces are going after people to scare them in the hopes that they will stop protesting. This has included taking pictures of demonstrators, threatening text messages, and using the anti-terror law against people.  

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 14


1963 Baath meeting voided Nov 11 election that exiled Sec Gen Sadi and exiled two of
Sadi’s opponents to Lebanon Sadi said he was returning to Baghdad with Syrian Baathists
1973 KDP delegation went to Moscow where Soviets tried to mediate its dispute with Communists
(Musings On Iraq book review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
1980 Iraq offensive to take Susangard Khuzistan started Iraq took town in Sep but abandoned it
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1991 Kurds announced tentative deal with Saddam to end blockade of Kurdistan in return for
Peshmerga withdrawing from cities
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1992 Iranian Turkish Syrian officials met in Ankara Condemned Kurdish autonomous region and
warned they would not allow break up of Iraq
1997 Clinton said by expelling UN inspectors Iraq would have sanctions until the “end of
            time”
1998 Clinton outlined 5 conditions Iraq had to meet with UN Included unconditional access by
inspectors and turning over all documents If Iraq didn’t agree US would strike
(Musings On Iraq book review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2001 Def Policy Board head Perle speech at For Policy Research Institute Said Iraq behind 9/11 and
should be attacked
2001 VP Cheney said he knew 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intelligence in Prague in 2001 Story false
(Musings On Iraq book review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)
2002 UK For Sec Straw told cabinet UN Resolution 1441 authorized military action against Iraq
without a 2nd resolution
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2002 UK intel report said Iraq accepted new weapons inspectors to avoid US led attack and would
continue to hide its most important WMD programs
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 Def Policy Board’s Perle quoted INC defector ex-nuke scientist Hamza that Iraq could get
nuclear bomb and attack US Called for preventive action vs Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2003 Japan decided to hold off deploying troops to Iraq due to rising violence
2003 South Korea ordered its 464 troops in southern Iraq to suspend operations due to rising violence
2003 Denmark rejected call to send 100 more troops to Iraq due to rising violence
2003 US army intel report said insurgency successfully prevented CPA from providing safe and
secure Iraq Said US failed in Iraq because relied upon conventional military tactics and didn’t understand Iraqi culture Said insurgents were targeting tribal structure in Iraq while US ignored it
2004 Insurgents kidnapped wounded police from Mosul hospital and dismembered them Led to ½ of
city’s police to quit
2004 Iraqi police commandos sent into Mosul to recapture police stations after all but one fell to
insurgents in city
2004 Report Sevan UN officials accused of getting kickbacks from Iraq under Oil for Food Program
UN official told his staff not to investigate corruption
2005 Pentagon’s Insp Gen announced investigation into Pentagon intel unit on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties
led by Deputy Sec Def Feith to see whether it did anything illegal
2006 National Police arrested 159 people from Higher Educ Min in Baghdad 70 were never seen again and
presumed killed 5 senior police officers and an army general were arrested for kidnapping but nothing happened Ministry was run by Iraqi Accordance Front PM Maliki initially said event was due to militia rivalries Then denied police or militias involved PM Maliki also claimed only 39 taken and 37 of them freed
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 Anbar council agreed to 8 new members picked by Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2007 Sunni Endowment closed offices of Muslim Scholars Association in Baghdad claiming it stood
with ISI
2008 PM Maliki announced power plan to have production meet demand by 2012 Would cost up to
$5.5 bil Came after govt signed contracts with GE and Siemens in Sep to boost production
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s power plan)
2013 US Natl Counterterrorism Center testified to Congress that ISIS was strongest since its peak in
2006
2017 Iraq Federal Court rejected appeal by ex-Kirkuk Governor Karim to reverse his dismissal by
Iraqi parliament

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

New School Strike And Continued Protest Actions In Southern Iraq

Students on strike in Maysan province (Al Ghad Press)


Iraq’s Teachers’ Union called for a new general strike after the first one expired a few days ago. That shut down most of the country’s schools in the south. Speaking of that region, protesters tried to re-start the sit-in camp in Basra, there were more clashes in Dhi Qar, and new demonstrations in Karbala and Maysan.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 13


1929 PM Sadoun shot himself due to criticism he faced over his performance
1963 Baath National Guard commander Wandawi began bombing Rasheed Camp while Guard
rampaged through Baghdad
1963 Baath Sec Gen Sadi said party run by new 15 member council headed by Gen Bakr
1980 Iraq launched new attack in Khuzistan province southern Iran Attacked Dezful but stopped
after only a few miles Iran counterattacked and recaptured Alvan Shush Naderi Iraq attacked Ahwaz but got stuck
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
1981 UN Resolution 36/27 again criticized Israel’s destruction of Osirak nuclear reactor and said
Israel should pay for damages
1982 Saddam ran informal referendum backed by pro-Saddam marches
1986 Rev Command Council meeting believed Israel was behind Reagan selling weapons to Iran in
Iran-Contra scandal
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1991 Saddam replaced Interior Minister Ali Hassan al-Majid with Wathban Ibrahim Hassan
1992 Turkey began withdrawing troop after month long operation in norther Kurdistan against PKK
1995 KDP and PUK restarted US brokered peace talks to end civil war but came to no agreement
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
1998 Tariq Aziz told CNN UN inspectors spying for US and Israel
1998 UN chief Annan sent letter to Saddam saying he had to cooperate with inspectors to avoid a
US-UK military strike Annan told Iraq that if cooperated with inspectors Security Council would discuss Iraq’s disarmament to move towards ending sanctions
1998 Countries told Iraq that if it didn’t back down on inspectors it would be hit by US within 24
hours
1998 Iraq sent letter to UN blaming US for blocking review of Iraq’s disarmament Said because of
UN chief Annan it would cooperate with inspectors again
1998 Tariq Aziz went on CNN to say that Iraq would let inspectors return US B-52 bombers were
only about an hour away from bombing Iraq Clinton recalled them
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
2002 Iraq accepted UN Resolution 1441 to allow UN weapons inspectors
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld memo to Bush Said inspections were important because Saddam would make a
mistake and the military would be ready to react as soon as Bush gave the order
2002 PM Blair said that goal of UN Res 1441 was disarming Iraq not regime change
2002 PM Blair told UK cabinet that UN Res 1441 meant military action could be taken against Iraq in case
of violations without a 2nd resolution
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2003 US forces launched Op Iron Hammer to hunt down insurgents in Baghdad
2005 US forces found 173 prisoners in secret prison in Baghdad run by Badr unit of Interior Ministry
Prisoners were tortured
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2005 18 Sunni men found handcuffed blindfolded and shot in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 Bush met Iraq Study Group Said Iraq part of ideological struggle in world Said US needed to
back PM Maliki Group didn’t think Bush knew what victory in Iraq meant besides platitudes
2006 Iraq Study Group met with US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey who said Iraqis had to eventually take
control of own affairs Casey said that sectarian violence problem in Iraq but PM Maliki only talked about Baathists
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 Iraq Study Group met CIA Dir Hayden who said Maliki govt only talked about Baathists not
sectarian violence Hayden said stable and democratic Iraq may not be possible
2006 Dep Cmdr US forces in Anbar said Baghdad wasn’t paying police in province and Anbaris felt
Baghdad neglecting them Maliki govt claimed ghost police hindered paying forces
2006 Weekly Standard had two OpEds by Frederick Kagan criticizing Bush admin for not sending
enough troops to Iraq and calling for temporary troop surge to stabilize country Kagan helped draft plan that would lead to Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
2007 Karbala fired 340 police linked to Mahdi Army Part of conflict between ISCI and Sadrists for control
of south
2007 Report Still sectarian fighting in Baghdad’s Sadiya and Salam Amil Baya Jihad Shurta Rabia ceasefires
made between Sunnis and Shiites Bodies found civilians killed car bombings all down since start of 07 Life returning to central Bagdhad Shops re-opening
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2008 Iraqi Army following Order 101 moved to evict 4,000 squatters from Hurriya Baghdad Was
supposed to allow displaced to return to area Were mostly Shiite who had moved into area after Sunnis were expelled during civil war
(Musings On Iraq article on Order 101)
2008 MP Latif gave petition to Election Commission calling for referendum to turn Basra into
federal region Effort failed
(Musings On Iraq article on effort to turn Basra into region)
2013 Fallujah’s mayor killed by a sniper
2015 Peshmerga freed Sinjar town
2016 Iraqi forces freed Nimrod Ninewa

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

New Clashes In South Iraq As Another Activist Disappears In Baghdad

Basra (Al Mirbad)


There were new clashes between demonstrators and the security forces (ISF) in southern Iraq. That centered around Basra where people tried to return to the city after the sit in site was broken up by the authorities as well as Nasiriya where there was a  confrontation outside government offices for the second day. Finally, in Baghdad another activist has gone missing.

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 12


1914 British forces in Fao launched reconnaissance in force near Salhan, Basra
1927 Kurdish MP Rowanduzi said Shiites and Kurds both opposed govt conscription for army
1963 Baath founder Aflaq went to Iraq to solve internal Baath dispute
1968 68 coup member Nasir al-Hani special adv to Pres Bakr assassinated
1991 Govt and Kurds agreed to ceasefire Iraq would end blockade of Kurdistan and Peshmerga
would withdraw to Irbil
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1997 Iraq expelled 6 US weapons inspectors claiming they were spies Almost entire inspection staff
withdrawn as a result
1997 UN Resolution 1137 demanded Iraq allow full and unhindered weapons inspections
(Musings On Iraq book review The Saddam Tapes)
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)
(Musings On Iraq article Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)
1997 Wall St Journal op ed by David Wurmser called for US supporting INC and revolt in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
1998 Iraq Amb to UN told military strike impending if did not agree to work with weapons
inspectors again
2001 INC presented Iraqi defector Lami who claimed Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak and had
anthrax
2001 Safire column NY Times said 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi diplomat in 2001 was undisputed
fact Story false
2002 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks said if US didn't act on Iraq it could acquire and use a nuclear
weapon
(Musings On Iraq article on how poor US intel work led to claim Iraq rebuilt its nuclear weapons program)
2002 Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith told Foreign Sec Straw that he wasn’t sure UN Resolution 1441
would give legal basis for war with Iraq Straw told Goldsmith he thought 1441 meant Iraq had to comply or else
2002 NYTimes article claimed Iraq bought anti-WMD drugs as sign that it had WMD and was going
to use it
2003 Zarqawi bombed Italian police in Nasiriyah killing 19 Italians 15 civilians and wounding
around 100
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
2003 Bush decided US should turn over sovereignty to Iraq early against CPA plan
2004 Marines attacked southern Fallujah 2nd Battle of Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Sec State Powell told Bush and PM Blair weren’t enough ground forces in Iraq to secure country
2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld Iraq might take 9-13 yrs
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2006 AP estimated avg of 45 killed per day in Baghdad UN estimated 100 violent deaths per day in
Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
2006 2 suicide bombers hit crowd of police recruits in Baghdad Killed 35 wounded 56 In Baquba
Diyala 50 bodies found
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2006 120 Albu Alwan tribesmen following Sheikh Raad Sabah al-Alwani volunteered for Anbar police
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
2006 Report Cmdr Iraq 5th Div in Diyala came into office with list of Sunnis to arrest from Maliki
govt US commanders believed 5th Div going after Sunni sheikhs and politicians to stop community organizing politically US also accused ISF of running death squds in Muqtadiya
2006 PM Maliki told MPs his govt was weak because political parties had forced ministers on him
Some were incompetent
2007 Interior Min claimed ISI War Min Masri killed Wasn’t true Said 75% of insurgent leaders dead
Admitted to using torture to get confessions
2007 Report US organized Sahwa of former insurgents in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr Based upon Janabi tribe
many of which were in Islamic Army Made deal with Mahdi Army in nearby Musayib to halt attacks
2007 Sahwa in Baghdad’s Adhamiya claimed ISI driven out of district
2009 PM Maliki told sheikhs in Sadr City that enemies of Iraq were going to use 2010 elections undermine
the country
(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)
2011 Diyala council voted to make province a federal region
(Musings On Iraq article on Diyala’s attempt to become federal region)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Iraqi Forces Kidnapping Protesters In Intimidation Campaign

Mary Mohammed who was disappeared by the security forces in Baghdad and released a week later (Twitter) On November 19 , Iraq’s Human...