Tuesday, January 19, 2021

Human Rights Watch And Metro Center For Journalists’ Rights Document Limits On Press Freedom In Iraq

(IMS)
Human Rights Watch recently released its annual global report. It’s section on Iraq had the usual criticisms of the government for not following due process to prosecuting Islamic State members for association alone not any specific crime and relying upon confessions obtained through torture and abuse. It also singled out Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kazemi who said he stood with the nation’s protests but did nothing to protect or compensate them since he’s been in office. One interesting tidbit was the limits the central and regional Kurdish governments place upon the press.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 19

 

1948 Kurds from Iraq and Iran met in Baku Soviet Union Mustafa Barzani led plans for

Kurdish movement

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1987 Iran started phase II of Op Karbala 5 Reached Jasim River 6 miles from Basra City Caused

2000 Iraqi casualties Population of Basra started leaving

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Iraq fired missiles at Riyad, Saudi Arabia

1991 Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim said that Supreme Council was against US aggression vs Iraq

over its Kuwait invasion

1991 US 5th Special Forces Group entered Iraq to carry out covert ops behind Iraqi lines during

Gulf War

1991 Iraqi terrorist tried to bomb US Information Service HQ in Philippines in retaliation for Gulf

War

1992 Report Saudis pushed US to help foment military coup in Iraq to topple Saddam

1999 US designated Iraqi opposition groups eligible for money under Iraq Liberation Act Were

Iraqi National Congress Iraqi National Accord KDP UK ISCI Movement for Constitutional Monarchy KDP ISCI and Constitutional Monarchy condemned act and refused to accept US money

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld sent Col Mcgregor to brief Gen Franks on his plan to invade Iraq with just

35,000 troops by striking directly at Baghdad Briefing greatly angered members of CENTCOM staff who thought it unrealistic

2003 US offered Saddam immunity if he departed Iraq to avert war

2003 Pentagon officials opposed to Sec Def Rumsfeld’s invasion plan complained to Time that Rumsfeld

was taking over deployment orders for invasion

(Musings On Iraq How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

2003 Fmr UN inspector David Kay OpEd in Wash Post said UN weapons inspectors would never

find any hard evidence against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2004 Iraqi Governing Council went to UN to ask it for help with transition to sovereignty against

wishes of CPA

2004 100,000 marched in Baghdad supporting Ayatollah Sistani’s call for early elections

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez ordered secret investigation into Abu Ghraib prison abuse

2007 Iraqi cabinet committee finished draft of Hydrocarbon Law Was never passed

2007 US arrested Abdul al-Daraji and Ali Smaisin for running death squads for Sadr

2007 Sadr ordered his MPs and ministers back to work Started boycott after PM Maliki met with

Bush and refused to demand US forces leave

2007 Report Gen Abadi Deputy Chief of Staff of ISF said corruption was eating away at the armed

forces US got rid of Iraqi army commander in Fallujah who was connected to militias who was stealing fuel and weapons and selling them on black market in Baghdad and taking pay from soldiers Iraqi govt report said that police were kidnapping people for money forging documents and gave info to insurgents

2008 National Security Adviser Rubaie was trapped inside mosque by angry Sadrists crowd ISF had to

            rescue him

2010 Report Maliki govt claimed 15,000 Sahwa gotten jobs in ISF 33,000 positions in govt Said by

middle of 2010 all Sahwa would be integrated Never happened

(Musings On Iraq More Sons of Iraq Integrated While Others Walk Off The Job In Diyala)

2014 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi told his fighters to march towards Baghdad

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Monday, January 18, 2021

Security In Iraq Jan 8-14, 2021


Security remained relatively stable for the second week of January. Attacks by the Islamic State remained in the teens while pro-Iran groups carried out four more operations against American targets in Iraq.

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 18

 

1915 Ottomans and local tribes fought British in Rota Basra province and stopped their

advance

1948 New Anglo-Iraq Treaty published Led to 3 day strike and major protest in Baghdad led by

Communists with participation of Baathists and National Democratic Party

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1966 Iraqi army withdrew after heavy casualties from campaign against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1981 Saddam accused Iran of getting US spare parts despite US embargo

1981 UN Envoy Palme warned that superpowers might get involved in Iran-Iraq War

1987 Iran ended 1st phase Op Karbla 5 seized western bank of Shatt al-Arab Iraq suffered 17,500

casualties Iran 20-30,000

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Iraq fired missiles at Tel Aviv and Haifa, Israel

1991 Iraqi terrorist tried to blow up US ambassador’s house in Indonesia in retaliation for Gulf

War

1993 US UK and France carried out air and missile strikes on Iraq for not cooperating with UN

inspectors 21 killed

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1996 Iraq agreed to talk about UN Resolution 986 that would create Oil For Food program

2003 UN inspectors said sites named by US as WMD facilities had been looked at and nothing

found

2003 Report Saudis attempted to get Saddam to go into exile to avert war

2004 Truck bomb hit US headquarters at Republican Palace Baghdad Killed 20 wounded more

than 100

2005 Bishop of Syrian Catholic Church in Mosul kidnapped

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq killed Sheikh Mohammed Sadiq al-Battah in Baghdad Head of Albu Chlaib

tribe in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2007 Baathist leader Izzat al-Douri offered to reduce insurgent attacks upon US forces if US went

after militias

2008 Fighting broke out between Soldiers of Heaven and Iraqi forces in Nasiriya and Basra Over 300

killed and wounded Group claimed persecution by PM Maliki Govt claimed they were Baathists in attempt to cover up fighting

2008 Gen Dubik in charge of training said ISF lacking in personnel equipment weapons logistics and

would need U.S. help for up to a decade

2008 Iraqi Accordance Front said that Accountability and Justice law met their demands and willing to

            end boycott of cabinet Wouldn’t happen until July

2009 Report PM Maliki removed Wasit police chief after Dawa member accused police of tearing

down Dawa election posters and putting up Iraqiya ones Warrants also issued for officers but not followed through with ISCI that ran Wasit council rejected new Maliki appointed chief

2010 KRG said it was willing to talk with Baghdad about energy Said it would publish deals it signed

with foreign companies in 2009 something Baghdad had demanded KRG wanted to restart its independent oil exports Kurds demanded that Baghdad pay the oil companies in KRG In return KRG would share profits from exports

(Musings On Iraq Talk Of Renewed Kurdish Oil Exports)

2011 Suicide bomber hit a police recruitment center in Tikrit killing 54 wounded 137

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2011 Iraq Supreme Court ruled that all independent commissions and Central Bank of Iraq were under

PM Maliki instead of parliament Directly contradicted constitution that said all commissions were under the parliament

(Musings On Iraq Premier Maliki Wins Control Of Iraq’s Election Commission)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2011 PM Maliki and KRG PM Salah said they reached agreements on renewed Kurdish oil exports

and 2011 budget Oil Min would pay oil companies in KRG for their costs Issue of oil profits not resolved

(Musings On Iraq Has Baghdad And Kurdistan Finally Come To An Agreement Over Oil Exports And The 2011 Budget?)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Sunday, January 17, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 17

 

1974 Bakr govt held talks with Mustafa Barzani and KDP

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1987 Iraq conducted missile and air strikes on Tehran and other major cities 3rd War of the Cities

Iran-Iraq War

1987 Iran attacked Diyala but repulsed Lost 2 brigades

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Mahdi Hakim killed in Sudan by Iraqi intelligence

1989 US report said Iraq was working on typhoid cholera anthrax for its chemical weapons program

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1990 Iraq ended foreign travel ban for citizens

1990 Bush admin signed directive for normalized relations with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Saddam told advisers time to fire missiles at Israel to see whether it would fight Iraq would

then alternate between hitting Israel and Saudis Iraq fired missiles at Haifa and Tel Aviv

1991 US hit command bunkers in Baghdad hoping to kill Saddam

1993 US fired 45 Tomahawk missiles at Baghdad for not allowing UN inspectors into country

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1994 US fired 45 cruise missiles at Zafaraniya factory Baghdad claiming it was nuclear facility

1998 Anniversary of Gulf War Saddam said Iraq met all obligations of UN Res 687 Threatened to raise 1

mil for jihad against UN if sanctions not lifted in 6 months

2002 Gen Franks briefed his commanders at CENTCOM on initial Iraq war plans for 1st time

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 Pentagon memo said no decision on postwar govt in Iraq Said would be a military administration

transitional authority elections leading to an Iraqi govt Didn’t match Pentagon plans to quickly withdraw US troops

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 CIA report said Iraq had rebuilt its nuclear program Said were reports Iraq tried to buy

uranium from Africa

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2003 CIA told Joint Chiefs of Staff that it had some reports that Iraq tried to buy uranium from

Africa

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 PM Blair agreed to 1 UK division and 3 combat brigades for Iraq War to be deployed in south

2003 UN inspectors after 4 inspections said Fallujah II chlorine plant inoperative US claimed it

was producing WMD

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2007 PM Maliki claimed if ISF were better armed US forces could start withdrawing in 3-6 months

Claimed he launched operation to clear Karbala of militiamen and arrested 400 Mahdi Army members Was not true

2007 Mayor of Sadr City Daraji had 1st of 2 meetings with UK Gen Lamb on working out understanding

with militias to prevent confrontations in district Militias were afraid of major US operation in Sadr City as part of Surge Sadrists backed Daraji’s effort

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

2007 UK Intel report Sectarian violence increased in last 6 months Attacks on Coalition reaching new

high PM Maliki govt had no security strategy was uncoordinated problem with rivalries endemic corruption lacked capable bureaucracy

2008 UN envoy to Iraq said country only had 6 months to turn security improvement into reconciliation

Said too much distrust within govt

2008 US military reported 75% of Baghdad secured up from 8% in Feb 07

2009 Report Not enough votes to carry out referendum on Basra federalism

2010 Chemical Ali sentenced to death for Halabja attack

2011 Protesters cut Kirkuk-Baghdad highway Set tires on fire Blocked all traffic over lack of electricity

in Kirkuk Kirkuk governor was diverting power from a local power plant from Baghdad to Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Electricity Protests Spread To Northern Iraq) 

 

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, January 16, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 16

 

1943 Iraq declared war on Axis

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1948 Communists led protests against new Anglo-Iraq Treaty Fired upon by police 4 killed Led to

large sectors of country to turn against treaty

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1981 UN Envoy Palme visited Iran and Iraq to try to negotiate ceasefire in war

1987 Iran seized Bovarian Island Basra and caused 3000 Iraqi casualties

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Operation Desert Storm-Gulf War started to expel Iraq from Kuwait Coalition began air

campaign against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

1992 Report Iraq using front companies in Jordan and Switzerland to get around sanctions Saddam also

had fund that sustained him and family

1992 During election Campaign Bush said Gulf War a success Predicted downfall of Saddam White

House spokesman called for Iraqis to overthrow govt

1995 UN asked Iran to relocate 4,000 Shiite refugees away from border which Iraq had claimed was

being used for base for attacks

1997 During peace talks PUK and KDP agreed to stop displacing rivals from towns and allow

displaced to return home

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 UN inspectors found 12 missile warheads that could carry WMD not included in Iraq’s 2002

weapons declaration

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 PM Blair told cabinet 2nd UN resolution was not necessary for military action against Iraq even

though he was told it was

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2003 Future Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA) head Garner

met with Rumsfeld and Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Feith Rumsfeld said no coordination of postwar planning Told Garner he needed to consult with different agencies and coordinate postwar plans Garner said in WWII US spent years planning for postwar situation and he was only given a few weeks for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq Only 3 of 13 Reconstruction Contracts Were Signed Before War)

2003 CIA received docs claiming Iraq-Niger uranium deal Sent to State Dept to be translated

Turned out to be fakes

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 UnderSecDef Feith memo to Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq-Syria pipeline should be kept open after

invasion to see whether Syria would cooperate with US

2004 US military spokesman Gen Kimmit talked about allegations and investigations into Abu

Ghraib prison abuse

2004 30,000 Protested in Basra against U.S. installing an unelected provincial govt

2004 Report Shiite religious leaders on Iraqi Governing Council wanted to end Saddam family laws

that protected women’s rights and replace them with Sharia based ones Women protested move

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Women Before And After The 2003 Invasion Interview With Prof Nadje Al-Ali Univ of London)

2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi assassinated by Al Qaeda in Iraq for talking with US

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2007 Bush said that his Iraq policy was heading for slow failure and that’s why he chose new

policy with Surge

2012 Baghdad complained to Turkey’s ambassador about Ankara accusing PM Maliki of spreading

sectarianism Turkey did same to Iraq’s ambassador to Ankara

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, January 15, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 15

 

1923 UK Treasury wrote Iraq commission that Iraq too costly to administer

1929 Sir Henry Dobbs said King Faisal was like a chameleon and drove those around him mad

1935 Persia presented border dispute to League of Nations Challenged Iraq’s control of Shatt al-

Arab

1948 New Anglo-Iraqi Treaty signed British troops withdrew but Iraq tied to UK until 1973 Led to

more protests

1948 Anglo-Iraq Treaty originally included Iraq supplying weapons to Palestinians and Iraqi forces

taking over Palestine to prevent Jewish state

1981 Iraqi division in Halabja crossed into Iran and took Nosud Valley Meant to protect Kurdistan

from any Iranian attack

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Saddam went to Riyadh and got approval for oil pipeline through Saudi Arabia to diversify

            export routes during war

1987 Iraq launched 5 counterattacks at Sumar Heights Basra but failed Suffered 1500 casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1987 Saddam held meeting on Iran Op Karbala 5 Replaced commanders due to Iranian advances

1988 Iran Op Bait al-Moqaddas 2 attacked Chwarta Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Jordanian audit of Ahmed Chalabi’s Petra Bank found its loans were not being paid back Its books

were faked Found series of indsider deals Was paying for Chalabi apartment and ranch in US 

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1991 Bush issued NSD 54 saying US wanted immediate withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait restore

Kuwait govt protect Americans security in Persian Gulf

1991 NSD 54 Included defending Saudi Arabia Stop Iraq from firing missiles destroy Iraq’s WMD

and command and control Destroy Republican Guard Drive Iraq from Kuwait Break will of Iraqi forces Encourage defection of Iraqi forces Weaken Iraqi public support for Saddam NSD 54 said that if Iraq used WMD, supported terrorism against U.S. or destroyed Kuwait’s oil fields Saddam should be removed

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 Saddam added Allah Akbar to Iraqi flag

1991 UK PM Major said Saddam might become a target of his own people

1994 Iraq upset with inspectors and sanctions tire dot limit UN flights within the country

1998 After Iraq refused to cooperate again UN inspection team left Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 CIA told White House that paper on Iraq should say Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 PM Blair said 2nd UN resolution not necessary for use of force against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Section 3.7 Development of UK Strategy and Options, 1 February to 7 March 2003)

2003 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld okayed more aggressive patrols over Iraq no fly zones and attacks on Iraq

air defense in prep for invasion

2003 Bush received 1st brief on postwar Iraq plans from NSC’s Abrams Went over humanitarian

aid Emphasized feeding public Abrams said money had to secretly be sent to aid groups that would work in Iraq because they didn’t want to be seen supporting war Said Oil for Food program would be maintained after invasion to feed public Said that 2 mil Iraqis might be displaced during invasion Plans made irrelevant when Pentagon given control of postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 2 The Agencies Engage)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 NSC officials went to military to make sure things like health centers weren’t bombed during

invasion

2003 Bush thought humanitarian aid after war very important Thought could change image of US

in Middle East

2003 Aid groups that met with USAID about postwar Iraq plans asked to meet with Pentagon

leadership Nothing happened

2004 Shiites demonstrated calling for direct elections for new Iraqi govt

2004 Report up to 100 Hezbollah fighters in Iraq helping Iranian intelligence

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2004 Gen Craddock Def Sec Rumsfeld’s military aide and dir Joint Chiefs Adm Keating emailed

summary of CD with photos of abuse at Abu Ghraib prison

2006 UK Gen Houghton said US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey returned from US and got backing for his plan to

transition to Iraqi control and withdraw US troops Houghton said transition to Iraqi control highlighted all the problems in the country

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Al Qaeda in Iraq created Mujahedeen Shura Council to try to cooperate with other insurgent

groups Shura Council was in part created due to Al Qaeda’s suggestion Zarqawi include more Iraqis in his jihad

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2006 Army of the Victorious joined Mujahedeen Shura Council

2006 Sheikh Fahadawi of Albu Fahd in Ramadi met with PM Jaafari Amb Khalilzad Gen Casey

Anbar Gov Alwani Convinced PM to allow Iraqi police to recruit local tribesmen

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After the Awakening Pt X, 2005-09 Governor Mamoun Alwani)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2006 US announced more than 2000 military police would work with Iraqi police in the field as

advisers during Year of the Police

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

2006 Report $18.6 bil US approved for reconstruction in 2003 would be spent by end of 2006

Foreign govts provided only fraction of what they promised Japan pledged $5 bil in reconstruction funds in 2003 Delivered less than 50% of that Saudi Arabia and Kuwait pledged $1 bil and gave less than 10% Spain England S Korea UAE Italy Canada owed more than $100 mil each for their 2003 promises for reconstruction funds

2007 Report US military worried PM Maliki named Gen Qanbar to head new Baghdad Ops

Command Was from southern Iraq and hardly known by US

2008 SecState Rice told Talabani Barzani Hashemi Mahdi that PM Maliki not problem they were

because they controlled more votes 

2009 Report Iran wanted to increase economic ties with Iraq after it signed Status of Forces

Agreement with US Offered $1 bil loan Wanted to boost trade

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2014 Bodies of 14 Sunni men found in Tarmiya day after they were kidnapped by men in ISF

uniforms and vehicles

2018 2 suicide bombers central Baghdad left 143 casualties Last major mass casualty bombing in

Baghdad was Feb 2017 car bomb that left 125 casualties

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jan 15-21, 2018)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Human Rights Watch And Metro Center For Journalists’ Rights Document Limits On Press Freedom In Iraq

(IMS) Human Rights Watch recently released its annual global report. It’s section on Iraq had the usual criticisms of the government for no...