Monday, April 12, 2021

Security In Iraq Apr 1-7, 2021


The first week of April was a first. That was because there were more attacks by pro-Iran groups in Iraq than by the Islamic State. There were a total of 16 security incidents reported with 11 by factions connected to Tehran. The insurgency on the other hand continues to sputter since the winter with just five attacks.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 12

 

1915 Battle of Shaiba began in Basra province Ottomans and tribesmen launched frontal assault upon

fortress despite German advisers warning against it British artillery decimated Ottoman forces

1923 In response to Turkish threat to Mosul mujtahids issued fatwa forbidding Iraqis to fight for British

against fellow Muslims the Turks

1923 Gertrude Bell wrote that mujtahids were all Persians and should be deported for issuing fatwa

against Iraq defending Mosul against Turks

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

1941 British convoy left India for Basra with infantry brigade Then told its arrival would be delayed

until PM Gaylani told troops arriving to test his will

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1968 Jalal Talabani’s forces launched attack upon army unit Wanted Baghdad to blame

Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1974 Iraqi planes bombed KDP bases during Kurdish rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1975 Saddam interview with NYTimes said Iraq not opposed to US or its people just its foreign policy

which was anti-Iraq

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam’s View Of the US As A Threat Led To Kuwait Invasion)

1981 US diplomat Draper went to Baghdad to set up informal contacts with Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1982 Iraq again offered to withdraw from Iranian territory if Iran agreed to end war Rejected by Iran

1986 King Hussein attempted to reconcile Iraq and Syria Went to both countries Was backed by Saudis

1987 Iraq used chemical weapons to turn back Iran’s Op Karbala 8 in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Since Mar 1 10,200 Iranian casualties in War of Cities

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 5 US senators visited Baghdad to criticize Iraq over its WMD and nuclear programs that Congress

was investigating

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

1990 Privately US senators told Saddam Pres Bush wanted better relations with Iraq Amb Glaspie added

that was US policy

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Saddam told US senators America plotting with Israel to attack Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq How Saddam’s View Of the US As A Threat Led To Kuwait Invasion)

1991 Report Bush admin decided that Shiite and Kurdish uprisings after Gulf War strengthened Saddam

and ended hopes of coup

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1991 US began Op Provide Comfort to set up safehaven for Kurds in northern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

2003 US forces advanced on Tikrit Faced sporadic fighting

2003 US forces captured Saddam’s half brother Watban al-Tikrit

2003 Turkmen in Kirkuk complained that Kurds were looting their homes

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Report experts didn’t think Iraq’s oil would earn enough money to pay for country’s reconstruction

which was Bush admin’s claim

2003 Chief UN Weapons Inspector Blix said inspections could’ve contained Iraq and US and UK never

believed in process Said US and UK fabricated evidence against Iraq to justify war

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Head CENTCOM postwar planning Col Benson briefed Gen Webster Dep Cmdr US ground forces

in Iraq on revised plans Said would be resistance by former regime elements after war sectarian violence revenge ethnic cleaning Said foreign jihadists would start coming to Iraq Predicted US occupation would last 3-5 years

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 ORHA head Garner proposed series of meetings across Iraq to form basis of new Iraqi govt

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2004 US military said it would kill or capture Sadr

2004 4 clerics met with Sadr to negotiate ceasefire to his uprising

2004 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid said ISF were huge disappointment so far fighting insurgents and

Mahdi Army Requested 7000-10000 additional troops

2004 CPA adv warned that Badr was stealing money from Housing Min and hiring militiamen into

ministry

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2005 Ayatollah Sistani said Sunnis were not the enemy

2006 Gen Batiste former commander 1st Inf Div became fourth former general to call for Sec Def

Rumsfeld to resign over Iraq

2007 Sunni MPs led by Speaker Mashadani carried out bombing of parliament’s cafeteria in Baghdad

2007 Islamic Army announced it was no longer working with ISI Didn’t agree with declaration of Islamic

State and ISI attacking its men

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 Pres Talabani announced govt in talks with 5 insurgent groups

2008 PM Maliki said 30,000 Peshmerga would be organized into 2 Army Divisions

2008 2nd phase of Charge of Knights began with sweeps through 2 neighborhoods of Basra to

confiscate weapons

2008 Fighting between US and ISF vs Mahdi Army continued in Sadr City

2009 Al-Hadbaa party took all the leading positions in new Ninewa govt Nujafi became governor after

elections Kurds boycotted

(Musings On Iraq Al-Hadbaa Party Leader’s Vision For Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

2009 Sheikh Abu Risha of Anbar said he was open to alliance with Maliki in 2010 national elections

(Musings On Iraq Anbar’s Forgotten Sheikh)

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Sheikhs Reach Out To Shiites)

2010 KRG said it had reached agreement with Oil Ministry over oil exports Baghdad would split

revenues with it

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Reaches Out To Kurds Before March 2010 Vote)

2010 PM Maliki said Sahwa had a role in helping with securing country

2010 CIA ranked Iraq 160th in world in per capita income 2nd lowest in Middle East

2011 KDP and PUK said they were ready for unconditional talks with opposition over demands of

Sulaymaniya protesters

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 PJAK attacked Iranian police station along Iran-Iraq border Iran shelled PJAK camps in KRG

2012 Kurdish MP said that VP Hashemi should not come back to Kurdistan after his tour of Middle East

2012 Sit in started in Mosul demanding release of prisoners

2012 Clash between followers of Mahmoud Sarkhi and police

2012 Kurdish Alliance wanted Oil Min Shahristani to appear before parliament over corruption

questions Shahristani filed lawsuit against them

2012 State of Law MP announced arrest warrant on corruption charges against Election Commission

chief Part of PM Maliki intimidation move

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2014 ISIS issued orders to infiltrate Baghdad

2014 ISIS posted pictures of over 80 police joining it from Albu Diab and Albu Shaban in Anbar

2015 US requested that Hashd withdraw from Ramadi before it would start air strikes

2016 Sit in demonstration began in parliament over PM Abadi’s technocratic cabinet

View the Iraq History Timelines

Sunday, April 11, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 11

 

1915 Ottomans and tribesmen began probing attack upon British outpost in Shaiba, Basra to try to expel

UK forces from vilayet

1917 British defeated Ottomans at Battle of Shiala

1941 UK Amb to Iraq wrote PM Gaylani’s will needed to be tested by announcing UK troops would be

arriving in Iraq soon and travelling through country

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1959 Egyptian press claimed Qasim made secret deal with USSR to protect his regime

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1974 Govt executed 11 KDP members in Irbil during Kurdish rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1983 Iraq counterattacked Iranian Op Wa al-Fajr 1 in central front retaking half of lost territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iraq counterattack vs Iran’s Op Karbala 8 in Basra pushed Iranians back to starting point Iraq

had 2,000 casualties Iran 6,500 casualties

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Cease fire between Iraq and Coalition went into effect

1991 Japan agreed to $10 mil in humanitarian aid to Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2001 1st US Energy Dept report said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were wrong size for centrifuges not

like centrifuges Iraq used before Could be for rockets They were

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2002 Gen Franks talked with Sec Def Rumsfeld about war preparations that could start now without

gaining much notice

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 British forces entered Amarah, Maysan during invasion Looting started

2003 UK Def Min Hoon told parliament British troops would soon be able to withdraw from Iraq

2003 US ground forces Cmdr Gen McKiernan ordered increased patrols around important buildings in

Baghdad to try to reduce looting Same time US forces withdrew from bridges leading to looting to spread to west side of Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

2003 “Stuff happens” Sec Def Rumsfeld said freedom was untidy in response to looting in Iraq

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld criticized press for focusing on looting in Iraq and missing all the positive stories

happening

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said US would help Iraq rebuild but ultimately it would be up to Iraqis to run

and rebuild their country

2003 Suicide bomber attacked Marine checkpoint wounding 4 in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 2 US soldiers killed and several dozen wounded in firefights in different parts of Iraq

2003 Armed men reported hunting down Baathists in Basra to kill them

2003 US took over control of security in Kirkuk and Peshmerga began withdrawing Turkey sent military

observes to watch process

2003 Looting reported in Kurdish sections of Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Turkey said it would send military observers to Kirkuk Threatened to send troops to Kirkuk if

Kurds were to take over city

2003 Turkish Foreign Min got assurances from US that Americans not Kurds would control Kirkuk

2003 Talabani said Peshmerga would start withdrawing from Kirkuk because of Turkish complaints

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

2003 Sadr gave his 1st Friday sermon in Kufa following US invasion Called for pilgrimage to Karbala for

Arbaeen Was banned under Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2003 US tried to kill Saddam’s half brother in air attack in Anbar Killed Sheikh Harbit and 21 family

members Turned Dualim tribe against US

2003 US delivered $20 mil in cash to Iraq from frozen Iraqi assets to help pay for bills and reconstruction

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

2003 US military called on to repair power grid in Baghdad that went down on Apr 9 when city fell

2003 Iraqi physicist Jaffar interviewed by CIA in UAE said Iraq had no WMD and no nuke program

2003 Russia said it would forgive debts to Iraq worth $8-$12 bil

2004 Ceasefire announced in Fallujah after 2 members of Iraqi Governing Council resigned in protest

over battle

2004 Iraqi 202nd Bn collapsed under insurgent attacks in Fallujah 710 of 750 soldiers quit

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2005 Tens of thousands of Sadrists marched in Baghdad against US occupation

2008 Sadr aide in Najaf killed Sadr blamed US and PM Maliki Was heading Sadrist negotiations with

Baghdad to end conflict

(Musings On Iraq Sadrist Cleric Assassinated In Basra)

2008 US helicopters attacked Mahdi Army in Basra and Sadr City

2008 US forces raided Sadr offices in Kut

2008 ISF moved on other Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad besides Sadr City in

            fight against Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

2008 Gen Petraeus said Sadr had a legitimate political movement that govt needed

            to deal with

2008 Amb Crocker told Congress Iran was trying Lebanonize Iraq by backing militias

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2009 National Security Min Waili said Iraq Turkey US had new intelligence sharing agreement targeting

PKK

2009 Fahadawi elected governor of Anbar Backed by Iraq Awakening Alliance Fulfilled Sheikh

Abu Risha’s desire to control province

2010 State of Law called for recount in 5 provinces claiming voter fraud after national elections

(Musings On Iraq review The Unraveling, High Hopes And Missed Opportunity In Iraq)

2010 Sadr called PM Maliki a liar and blamed him for arresting Sadrists

2010 ISF withdrew from Salahaddin provincial council building after occupying it for 2 months on

orders from PM Maliki to block federalism move

2011 PM Maliki said ISF ready to take over full security duties after US military withdrawal at end of

year

2011 Govt spokesman Dabbagh said US military had to leave Iraq at end of year or would cause internal

problems

2011 Another power sharing deal announced between PM Maliki Allawi and Kurds to try to get security

ministers named

2011 Sulaymaniya protesters issued roadmap for negotiations with KRG including early elections and

interim govt

2011 Peshmerga Min survived no confidence vote in KRG parliament over treatment of protesters

2011 Opposition parties boycotted KRG parliament over protests in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 KRG PM Salah said Baghdad should pay foreign oil companies operating in Kurdistan

2012 Kurds attended Ninewa council for 1st time since boycotting in 2009 when Hadbaa won power

Hadbaa boycotted in response

2012 Court denied ex-VP Hashemi’s charge that 2 of his bodyguards were tortured to death by ISF

2014 Gunmen suspected to be from Asaib Ahl Al-Haq shot up homes and burned a mosque in Bodaja,

Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2014 Diyala governor warned that militias were operating in province and increasing tensions and

violence

2014 Fighting broke out in Kirkuk between PUK and KDP supporters leaving 17 wounded before KRG

elections

2015 Badr’s Amiri said hundreds of Badr fighters in Baghdadi and Haditha Would later claim were

none in province because of Abadi and US

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Saturday, April 10, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 10

 

1941 London ordered India to send forces to Shaiba air base in Basra and Basra City

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 British expeditionary force put together in India to be sent to Iraq to deal with PM  Gaylani

1941 PM Gayalni convened parliament and asked it to pick new Regent Selected Sharif Sharaf

veteran of Arab revolt and relative of Hashemite family

1941 PM Gaylani gave speech at parliament that his govt would honor Anglo-Iraq Treaty of 1930 to

stall British action against him

1941 Hitler decided to give military aid to Iraq

1941 Italian ambassador to Iraq said Golden Square coup sign Iraq believed Axis was winning WW2

and would soon be in Middle East

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1968 Arif said Iraqi National Oil Company would develop North Rumaila oil field without the Iraqi

Petroleum Company

1969 1st Spring Festival held in Mosul to highlight ancient Iraqi history as part of Baath campaign to

create unified national identity

(Musings On Iraq review The Ba’thification of Iraq, Saddam Hussein’s Totalitarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Culture, History & Ideology in the Formation of Ba’thist Iraq, 1968-89)

1970 Barzani said he wasn’t for Kurdish independence

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1982 Syria closed Iraqi pipeline to Mediterranean to help Iran in war Cut Iraq oil exports to just 600,000

bar/day

1982 Syria closing pipeline led Iraq to settle border disputes with Jordan Turkey Saudi Arabia to build

land routes for its oil

1983 Iran launched Op Wa al-Fajr 1 Attacked Fakkeh and Ain al-Qaws with goal of cutting Baghdad-

Basra highway in Maysan using human waves Captured 69 sq mi of Iranian territory

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Faw in Basra failed

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1987 Iran deployed reinforcements in Op Karbala 8 in Basra to expand bridgehead at Fish Lake

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Iran started Op Bait al-Moqaddas 5 in Panjwin, Kurdistan Meant to draw Iraqi forces away from

south Didn't work

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Iraqi forces took Qadir Karam Kurdistan from PUK during Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 UK seized parts for Iraq’s supergun

1990 US canceled trade mission to Iraq

1991 US ordered Iraq to end all military action in northern Iraq above 38th parallel Northern no fly zone

created

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1995 UN inspectors report Said monitoring system was running Destroyed all known nuclear

facilities

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection Of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD And 2003 Invasion)

2001 1st CIA report that Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for centrifuges and sign Iraq renewed nuclear

program Didn’t provide any analysis for claim Were for rockets

2001 CIA report said aluminum tubes were step backwards from centrifuge designs Iraq working on

before Gulf War Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2002 PM Blair told parliament Saddam was threat to his people and region and was working on WMD

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 CENTCOM told Coalition ground forces to set up local govts in Iraq’s provinces

2003 Saudis called on Saddam to step down to end war

2003 Iraq’s 5th Corps surrendered to US Special Forces as they entered Mosul Special Forces then moved

to block KDP from taking over city

2003 After Kirkuk fell Kurds Arabs and Turkmen carried out attacks on each other for 2 days 40 killed

Looting also started in city

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

2003 Talabani announced PUK setting up interim govt to run Kirkuk city

2003 Bush administration told Turkey that US forces would take control of Kirkuk city

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Sec State Powell told Turkey that US stood for territorial integrity of Iraq meaning wouldn’t

support Kurds separating

2003 PUK told Turkey that it would withdraw its Peshmerga from Kirkuk city

2003 Sadr’s followers killed Sheikh Abdul Majid al-Khoei in Najaf Surrounded Ayatollah Sistani’s

house but driven off by tribesmen

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2003 US moved 2,000 Peshmerga backed by US Special Forces to Diyala’s Khanaqin to try to block Badr

Brigade moving in from Iran Badr wanted to threaten MEK camp in province and had hit lists of 1000s of opponents to assassinate in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said that it was important for US to find Iraq’s WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

2003 Sec State Powell said he was sure US would find Iraq’s WMD

2003 Def Policy Board’s Adelman OpEd in Washington Post Reminded readers 14 months before he said

war would be a cakewalk

2003 Def Policy Board’s Adelman said Iraqis would start coming forward telling US where Iraq’s WMD

were hidden

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Suicide bomber hit Marine checkpoint in Baghdad wounding 4

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 White House said it wanted to name some of ORHA staff after they’d already arrived in Kuwait

ready to go into Iraq

2003 White House spokesman Fleischer said Iraq’s WMD would be found

2003 2 Iranian Rev Guards intel reports said its agents and allies were in control of Kut Wasit and

            Amarah Maysan

2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq kidnapped American Nick Berg and took him to Fallujah Would later be beheaded

by Zarqawi

(Musings On Iraq review ISIS The State of Terror)

2004 Fallujah medical officials claimed 450 civilians killed 1,000 wounded 70,000 displaced during 1st

Battle of Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2005 Report Iraqi officials couldn’t manage scores of water sewage electrical plants rebuilt by US and

            turned over to Baghdad

2006 Report US failed to provide police trainers as called for to rebuild Iraqi police after 03 invasion

CPA pushed number of new police not quality and Interior Ministry lacked capacity to deal with them US officials withdrawn from Interior Ministry which facilitated Badr’s take over of ministry

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview w/fmr police adv Jerry Burke on failure to plan for security postwar Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2007 Islamic Army accused ISI of killing 30 of its members and members of Mujahadeen Army and

Ansar al-Sunna

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2008 Bush said US would only leave Iraq when it became a democracy

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2008 Interior Min said it would start confiscating weapons in Basra as amnesty period ended

2008 Sadr said he would disarm Mahdi Army if all the other militias disarmed

2010 Iranian Amb said next Iraqi govt should be national unity one with Sunnis implying that Allawi’s

Iraqiya should be included

2010 Insurgents like 1920 Revolution Brigades held meeting in Istanbul to discuss Iraq after US military

withdrawal

2011 Sadr said that he still had a militia which continued to attack US forces

2012 PM Maliki said that if Assad deposed in Syria would cause greater problems in Middle East

2012 Sadrist MP said no confidence vote against PM Maliki would not be good move Pushed for national

conference instead to work out differences

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Gorran Islamic Union Islamic Group all said opposed to Barzani extending his term as president of

KRG

2014 Mutahidun accused militias of attacking civilians throughout central Diyala

2015 IS captured Albu Faraj north of Ramadi Executed 33 people afterward

2017 Around 100 MPs signed petition to have parliament dismiss Kirkuk Governor Karim over raising

Kurdish flag in province

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Friday, April 9, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 9

 

1915 New UK cmdr in Mesopotamia Gen Nixon arrived Ordered to take all of Basra vilayet Secure Tigris

River to protect Anglo-Persian Oil Company in Persia Plan for advance on Baghdad 1st step in escalatin war form protecting oil concession to taking all of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1918 UK threatened to bombard one quarter of Najaf if revolt not ended City surrendered

1922 Karbala conference led to call for war against Wahabis unless compensation paid for raid in

southern Iraq and Ibn Saud didn’t punish them

1922 Ikhwan invasion of south Iraq resolved by letters between Iraq and Saudis Ibn Saud apologized

1941 German Foreign Min Ribbentrop was told Gaylani govt was pro-Axis and Germany working on

getting it arms from region Ribbentrop okayed arms shipments to Iraq and sabotage in Iraq and region against UK

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Germany and Italy made joint statement of support for PM Gaylani promising military and

financial aid Statement to PM Gaylani encouraged him to confront UK

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1969 Jalal Talabani attempted to assassinate Mullah Mustafa Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1972 Pres Bakr signed 15 yr treaty of friendship with Soviet Union

1980 Saddam deported 9,700 Shiites claiming they were Iranians Later deported another 16,000

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1985 UN Sec Gen deCuellar left Baghdad saying he had not been able to bridge divide between Iraq and

Iran

1986 Iraq made another attempt to re-capture Faw Peninsula Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1987 Iran started Op Karbala 9 attacking Qasr e-Shirin central Iran to try to draw Iraqi forces away

from Basra but Iraq didn’t respond 

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iran broke through Iraqi defenses west of Fish Lake Basra Iraq counterattack failed Used

chemical weapons

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 Dawa attacked Saddam’s motorcade outside of Mosul to commemorate execution of Ayatollah

Baqir al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1990 Saudi Amb to US Bandar told Pres Bush Saddam would not attack Israel but wanted guarantee that

Israel would not attack Iraq

1990 Bush told Saudi Amb Bandar that he didn’t understand Saddam’s threats unless he intended to

attack Israel Saddam wanted to make sure his western flank was protected from any Israeli action before he decided to invade Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

1990 Report Bush admin told Congress against sanctioning Iraq for WMD and nuclear bomb programs

1991 French Foreign Min said thank god Saddam crushed 91 uprising otherwise would have led to

renewed Islamic fundamentalism in Iran and Gulf States

1992 Ahmed Chalabi convicted of financial fraud in Jordan for his Petra Bank Chalabi claimed it was a

political plot by Jordan and Iraq but his bank was mismanaged Banks faked Made insider trades embezzled money and more

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2002 State Dept started Future of Iraq project bringing together 240 Iraqi exiles to chart out post-Saddam

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Abu Dhabi TV showed Saddam at Adhamiya Baghdad urging crowd to fight invasion Saddam

Qusay Uday left city that day

2003 Baghdad fell ending U.S. invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 Iraqis in Firdos Square pulled down Saddam statue with help of US Marines

(Musings On Iraq What Happened When Saddam’s Statue Came Down In Baghdad On April

9, 2003? The Creation Of An Iraq War Myth)

(Musings On Iraq Review Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bush’s

War on Iraq)

2003 Kurdish Peshmerga seized Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Gen Franks told Bush war going according to plan Bush wanted to collect info on life under

Saddam to compare with life after

2003 CENTCOM said war reached tipping point Iraqis realized Saddam was done

2003 VP Cheney said Iraqi govt collapsing showed criticism of war was wrong

2003 VP Cheney said with a little investment Iraq could produce 2-3 mil/bar/day of oil by end of 2003

2003 US intel report Baathists Fedayeen Iraqi forces operating independently of orders Would continue

to fight until eliminated

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 Sadrists held first Friday prayers reviving tradition of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2003 Chalabi on CNN criticized Garner for not hiring INC people and said ORHA had done nothing for

Iraqis

2003 US forces ordered Badr Brigade to disband but didn't

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2004 Human Rights Minister Abdul Turki resigned saying Battle of Fallujah was a violation of human

rights

2004 1 member of Iraqi Governing Council boycotted and two others threatened to resign over Battle of

Fallujah

2004 Bremer ordered end to 1st Battle of Fallujah because of negative publicly and complaints by Iraqi

politicians 

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 200,000 Sadrists and Sunnis rallied at Um al-Qura mosque run by Association of Muslim Scholars

in Baghdad against US occupation and in solidarity with Fallujah

2004 Bush called leaders of Poland, Italy and El Salvador to make sure they would keep troops in Iraq

2004 US contractor fuel convoy attacked in Abu Ghraib leading Brown & Root to suspend all its

convoys in Iraq

2006 Babil police chief said if US troops left province would be civil war next day Said police not strong

enough to intervene between warring militias

2006 Gen Newbold wrote in Time problems in Iraq due to “casualness and swagger” by Bush

administration

2007 1920 Revolution Brigades said ISI was killing civilians and other insurgents

2007 Islamic Army commander killed in Salahaddin for talking with govt ISI blamed

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 40 religious scholars formed Council of Ulema of Iraq in Jordan to be religious body for insurgents

2007 Abu Wael declared his Sharia Council was breaking away from Ansar al-Sunnah

2007 Pres Barzani said Kurds main reason Iraq stayed unified

2007 Report militias burned Sunni neighborhoods in Babil Insurgents burned Sunni and Shiite homes

            in Diyala

2008 Fmr Under Sec Def Feith said Bush had good war plan but got bad advice from CIA State NSC that

caused all the problems in Iraq Claimed CIA and State opposed Chalabi which screwed up postwar Iraq Justified setting up intel unit in Pentagon because CIA was “politicized” and ignored Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

2008 Fmr UK Amb to US Greenstock said US had no real plans for postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2008 Oil Minister Shahristani claimed Charge of Knights cleared militias and gangs out of Basra waterway

New oil police in Basra created to replace Fadhila controlled one

2008 Report Fadhila Gov of Basra Waeli under house arrest after Charge of Knights Head of Basra

council from Dawa was now running Basra

2008 Iraqi general complained Iran interfering in Basra by supporting Mahdi Army

            during Charge of Knights op

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Sadr claimed he consulted with clerics who said he didn’t have to disarm Mahdi Army

2008 Ayatollah Sistani said he supported govt’s demand to disarm Mahdi Army

2009 Sadr had mass rally in Baghdad to mark fall of Saddam in 03 and called for US withdrawal

Sheikh Hayes of Anbar Awakening participated Praised Sadr for his leadership

2009 Baghdad said it was committed to Sahwa but it would purge all those who were Baathist and ISI

infiltrators

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2010 Sadrists held demonstration in Najaf to mark fall of Saddam and protested US occupation

2011 Protests started in Mosul calling on govt to release prisoners

2011 Protests in Babil and Fallujah started demanding provincial councils disband and better services

2011 Sadr held anti-US demonstration in Baghdad threatened to bring back Mahdi Army if US forces

didn’t leave at end of year

2011 Dep PM Mutlaq compared PM Maliki to Saddam

2011 Speaker Nujafi said there was no power sharing in Iraq and PM Maliki concentrating authority in

his hands

2012 KRG cabinet said that KDP and PUK Interior Ministries were going to unite

2012 ISF attacked nightclubs and alcohol shops in Baghdad and shut them down

2012 Pres Barzani said that Baghdad was marginalizing Kurds within ISF and that F-16s could be used

against KRG

2012 Iraqiya complained PM Maliki centralizing power

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Parliament committee created to investigate mass arrests in Baghdad before Arab Summit Never

made report

2012 Parliament economic committee chairman accused foreign countries of pumping in counterfeit

dinars into Iraq

2013 Iran delivered bodies of Iraqi militiamen killed fighting for it in Syria

2013 Gorran rejected extending Pres Barzani’s term

2013 Turkey said it was ready to build a pipeline for Kurdish oil exports

2015 Hashd spokesman denied stories Hashd looting in Tikrit Blamed tribes and individuals

2015 Dep head of Anbar council said Kataib Hezbollah and Peace Brigades had deployed to Shjariya,

Anbar Hashd would later claim they were not in Anbar because of PM Abadi and US

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 Iraqi intelligence chief Mustafa al-Kazemi became new premier candidate after Adnan al-Zurfi

failed to reach consensus on his govt

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Has 3rd Candidate For Premier)

View the Iraq History Timelines

Thursday, April 8, 2021

Review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia

Wallach, Janet, Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia, New York: Anchor Books, 2005


 

Desert Queen is one of the better biographies of Gertrude Bell. The author Janet Wallach had a real literary flair to her writing so it doesn’t read like your typical story of a historical figure. The book emphasizes three main aspects which the author believed shaped Bell’s life. Those were love of her family especially her father, her love of men which was always frustrated, and her of Iraq which she helped create after World War I.

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 8

 

1916 British forces defeated Ottomans at Fallahiya

1919 UK and France began negotiations to give France oil concession in Iraq for UK getting Mosul

province

(Musings On Iraq book review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1941 UK Joint Planning Staff said all measures should be taken to overthrow PM Gaylani

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Churchill ordered Sec of State for India to put together force to be sent to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 German Foreign Office said it supported Arab action against British for their freedom

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1942 UK ambassador to Iraq Sir Cornwallis wrote PM Said was following through with Anglo-Iraq Treaty

and anti-British forces were being put into concentration camps

1980 Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Sadr and sister Bint al-Huda executed by Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

1980 DIA said 50% chance Iraq would invade Iran Said Iraq thought Iranian military weak and could

easily be defeated

1980 Ayatollah Khomeini broadcast speech calling on Iraq people to topple their govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1981 Sec State Haig said that Iraq was an important Middle Eastern country and hoped for better

relations in future

1982 Syria closed border to Iraq Claimed Saddam backed Muslim Brotherhood against Assad

1983 Dawa bombed offices of Iraqi Airways in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1985 2nd War of the Cities ended

1985 UN Sec Gen de Cuellar went to Baghdad where Saddam said Iraq was ready to enter into talks to

end war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Plan to create UN safehaven in northern Iraq for Kurds approved at European Union meeting

1991 US agreed to $10 mil in humanitarian aid to Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1991 European Community agreed to provide humanitarian aid to Kurds

1992 Kurds announced elections for Kurdish parliament and leader would be held 5/17/92

1995 PUK-KDP ceasefire in civil war Turkey mediated Ankara hoped to gain PUK-KDP help against

PKK in return

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2001 Czech Inter Min claimed 9/11 terrorist Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in Prague Story false

2003 Bush said UN would play crucial role in creating an interim Iraqi govt but US had rejected role for

UN

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 US forces surrounded Baghdad US A-10 jet shot down by Iraqi surface to air missile over city

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 Ayatollah Haeri said Iraq’s Shiites needed to seize power now that Saddam overthrown and oppose

US plans

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq Early Report On Iran’s Activities In Iraq)

2003 Site south of Baghdad searched for chemical weapons but nothing found

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld had meeting to find replacement for ORHA head Garner for new presidential

envoy to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 British army appointed Muzahim Tamimi former general and Baathist as head of Basra province

Provoked demonstrations leading to Tamimi’s removal

2004 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said that US would get Fallujah under control

2004 Fighting in Fallujah left 460 Iraqis and 36 US troops dead

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 US 1st Armored Div retook Kut from Mahdi Army

2004 Several Japanese aid workers kidnapped

2004 Inter Min Badran and Human Rights Min Turki resigned Sheikh Hatim from Amara suspended

membership in Iraqi Governing Council Pachachi considering resigning as well All over Sadr uprising and Battle of Fallujah

2004 UN Rep Brahimi threatened to end his work to create interim govt over Battle of Fallujah

2004 Bremer asked US cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez for ceasefire in Battle of Fallujah and against Sadr

because Iraqi Governing Council coming apart

2006 Iraqi general said country in a civil war

2007 1000s of Sadrists held anti-U.S. occupation march in Najaf

2008 Report 10% of Basra police facing legal action for not fighting Mahdi Army during Charge of

Knights Around 1,600 fired arrested or went AWOL

2008 End of Maliki’s deadline for militias to disarm in Basra Had not been successful ISF planned

sweeps through Basra to confiscate weapons but had been delayed twice

2008 US forces moved into southern Sadr City to build wall to prevent attacks on

            Green Zone Led to fighting with Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq review Death of the Mehdi Army, The Rise, Fall, and Revival of Iraq’s Most Powerful Militia)

2008 Gen Petraeus told Congress Baghdad had only accepted 21,000 Sahwa out

            of 91,000 into ISF

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Gen Petraeus said Shiite Special Groups were largest longterm threat to Iraq

2008 Amb Crocker told Congress that if US withdrew from Iraq without

            accomplishing constitutional reform Iranians would come out winners

2011 Over 2,000 protested in Baghdad and Fallujah Demanded prisoners be released Some demanded

US forces to leave

2011 Soldiers from 11th Div in civilian clothes arrested protest organizer and held him for a week and

tortured him 

2011 KDP and PUK rejected call by opposition to disband govt to meet demands of protesters

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 PM Maliki told Def Sec Gates Iraq did not need a U.S. military presence after withdrawal at end of

year Gates was in Iraq to try to convince Maliki and political parties to accept stay behind force of US soldiers

(Musings On Iraq review Duty, Memoirs of a Secretary At War)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

2012 Sadr said that PM Maliki was becoming a dictator

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said)

2013 ISI released statement that it sent operative Jalwani to Syria to create Jabhat al-Nusra That group

was no longer and would be part of new ISIS

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2015 KDP released Haider Sesho Yazidi militia commander on promise that his men would follow

Peshmerga

View the Iraq History Timelines 

Security In Iraq Apr 1-7, 2021

The first week of April was a first. That was because there were more attacks by pro-Iran groups in Iraq than by the Islamic State. There we...