Wednesday, August 25, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 25

 

1914 British admiralty ordered 2 ships to be sent to Shatt al-Arab to block Ottoman

supplies and ground forces and to protect oil interests in Persia

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 British gave limited self-rule in Najaf to try to stop 1920 Revolt there

1920 UK Cmdr Gen Haldane wrote that almost all the tribes north of Diyala had joined the 1920 revolt

and was afraid it was spreading to Kirkuk and Irbil

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1922 British High Commissioner for Iraq Cox demanded apology from King Faisal for anti-Mandate

comment at his party

1941 British forces in Basra and Diyala invaded Iran where Shah refused to expel Germans spreading Axis

propaganda

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1945 Army moved against Kurdish Baradosti tribe Was attacked by tribe and suffered heavy losses

            Another army column ambushed in Zebari tribal area

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1969 Bakr govt executed opponents in central Baghdad Meant to rally support for regime

1981 Saddam met with military command Said strategy was to bleed Iranian army and destroy Iran’s oil

and electricity industry

1983 Turkey conducted 2nd raid into Iraqi Kurdistan attacking PKK and KDP bases under Iraq-Turkey

security agreement

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1988 Villages in Dohuk hit by chemical weapons in 6th Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1990 UN Resolution 665 strengthened economic sanctions on Iraq for Kuwait invasion

2002 James Baker OpEd in New York Times said US needed UN resolution that Iraq submit to

inspections anytime Said US needed to be explicit that if Iraq avoided the inspections US would invade and change the govt

2003 Funeral in Najaf turned into anti-American demonstration

2004 US army investigation blamed morally corrupt soldiers and contractors poor leadership for Abu

Ghraib prison abuse scandal Found intelligence officers played leading role in Abu Ghraib prison abuse scandal

2004 Ayatollah Sistani said he would return from medical treatment in England to Iraq to try to end

2nd Battle of Najaf

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 Constitutional committee given 3rd extension to finish work

(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

(Musings On Iraq review The Struggle For Iraq’s Future, How Corruption, Incompetence and Sectarianism Have Undermined Democracy)

2005 Dir of Ops Iraq and Afghanistan Gen Lute said militias were not under Baghdad’s command

Were an obstacle to peace and govt had to eventually deal with them 

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld Baghdad would quickly be under ISF

control Said Leahy Amend might be invoked to stop US support for National Police due to widespread human rights abuses

2006 Iraqis looted base exited by British in Maysan before Iraqi forces could take it over

2006 Head of Association of Muslim Scholars Sheikh Dhari said he was willing to meet with Ayatollah

Sistani to talk about ending national crisis

2008 Electricity Min announced that power production had reached same level as 2002 before US invasion

Only 50% of demand was being met though due to huge increase in usage after 2003 Later turned out Ministry included power provided from Iran and Turkey

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Power Expert Questions Government’s Figures)

2008 After PM Maliki broke deal with Kurds over KRG withdrawal from some disputed areas of Diyala

Peshmerga commander threatened retaliation if ISF entered Kurdish towns in province

2009 Iraqi govt demanded Syria turn over 2 Baathists accused of involvement in Aug 18 Baghdad

bombings and expel all terrorists Iraq and Syria ended up withdrawing their ambassadors Ended PM Maliki’s reconciliation with Syria

2009 ISI claimed responsibility for Aug 18 Baghdad bombings

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

(Musings On Iraq Fall 09 When Maliki Blamed Islamic State Bombings In Baghdad On Baathists)

(Musings On Iraq Syria-Iraq Dispute Could Be Ending)

(Musings On Iraq Request For UN Investigation Into August Baghdad Bombings Said To Be Turned Down)

2010 ISI coordinated attacks in Mosul Kirkuk Tikrit Dujail Baquba Muqtadiya Ramadi Fallujah Karbala Kut

Basra Baghdad

2016 Iraqi forces freed Qayara Ninewa

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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(VOA)   1923 35 clerics and religious students left Iraq for Persia to protest deportation of cleric Khalisi for his opposition to parliam...