Wednesday, August 11, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 11

 

1918 UK For Sec Balfour British war in Mespotamia should be justified by securing water that

would also give it control of oil Balfour’s statement prompted Premier Lloyd George to call for British to seize Ottoman’s Mosul province

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 British force sent to put down 1920 Revolt in Diyala

1920 UK Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane ordered four leaders of 1920 Revolt in Baghdad Word got out

and crowd gathered to protect them leading to clashes with police and deaths 1 leader arrested Others escaped to Karbala and Najaf

(Musings On Iraq review of Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Interior Min Suleiman arrived in Mosul on news of Assyrian massacres Had planes drop flyers

telling Assyrians nothing would happen to them if they gave up to authorities

1933 Assyrians in Zakho and Sumail were attacked by Iraqi army led by Gen Sidqi Fired on village then

divided women and children from men and executed the latter Found some men hiding amongst women and killed everyone Local Kurds looted Sumail after massacre Police later called back army to kill stragglers that had returned to Sumail 315 killed Iraqi govt considered Assyrians foreigners and tools of British imperialism for their service in the British Levies

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1933 Arab Kurd Yazidi tribes looted Assyrian villages in Alqosh

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1937 Gen Bakr Sidqi head of 1936 coup was assassinated in Mosul by pan-Arab rivals in military

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

1937 PM Sulaiman ordered Mosul garrison commander Gen Umari to arrest officers responsible for Gen

Sidqi’s assassination He refused order

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

1987 Iran told UN that Resolution 598 only included Iraq’s view of war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 US flew U2 spy plane over Iraq claiming it was for UN inspectors

1992 U.N. Iraq Rapporteur went to Security Council about Iraq draining southern marshes and new

counterinsurgency campaign against rebels in south

1992 UK France US condemned Iraq campaign to clear southern marshes and warned of possible

consequences

1995 Saddam gave speech denouncing son-in-law Hussein Kamal for defecting to Jordan Said he stole

millions and spied for the CIA

1995 Ali Hassan al-Majid issued statement saying Hussein Kamal was a traitor for defecting to Jordan

1995 US brokered KDP-PUK ceasefire during civil war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

2003 Gas and electricity shortages led to riots in Basra city

2003 Assoc of Muslim Scholars condemned US violations of mosques comparing them to Mongols

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 CIA Dir Tenet issued statement that CIA stood by 2002 National Intel Estimate on Iraq

            saying CIA had solid intelligence on Iraq’s WMD and nuclear programs

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 CIA Dir Tenet issued statement that CIA stood by 2002 National Intel Estimate on Iraq

            saying CIA had solid intelligence on Iraq’s WMD and nuclear programs

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2004 Allawi govt announced ceasefire in 2nd Battle of Najaf to open talks with Sadr

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review Battle For The City Of The Dead)

(Musings On Iraq review US Marines in Battle An-Najaf August 20014)

2005 SCIRI’s Hakim announced idea for southern federal region in Iraq SCIRI held march in Najaf

calling for federal region in southern Iraq Had posters of Ayatolah Khomeini

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

2005 Salah al-Mutlaq said SCIRI’s call for a southern region would turn Iraq over to Iran

2005 Dawa rejected SCIRI’s call for a southern federal region in Iraq

2005 Bush said US had to stay the course in Iraq Said free democratic Iraq in center of Middle East

would be blow to terrorism

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2005 Board of Supreme Audit found $1.27 bil in waste and fraud in Defense Min contracts Deals made

without bids or approval from PM’s office Ministry didn’t keep records of deals Were paid upfront in cash Went through middlemen instead of buying directly from companies 43 of 89 contracts went to Nair Jumaili who didn’t appear in contracts He got $759 mil Most of the contracts were not for real deals but just to steal money Deals were brokered by Ziad Qattan who had no experience with weapons deals He signed deal with company with no military experience to provide equipment for Rapid Deployment units Company owned by secretary of VP and adviser to Defense Minister

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2006 Diyala council fired police chief Gen Qureysi for tensions with Sahwa accusing them of sectarian

attacks Had arrested Sahwa leaders Gotten into gun battles with them Sahwa went on strike in Feb demanding removal of chief

(Musings On Iraq Another Female Bomber Strikes in Baquba as Controversies Emerge During Diyala Security Crackdown)

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2007 Police chief and ISCI governor of Qadisiya killed by an EFP laid by Mahdi Army Sadr vs Hakim

rivalry

2007 Sahwa leader in Adhamiya wounded in IED attack by ISI 1st Sahwa leader in Baghdad targeted

2008 Diyala council voted to dismiss provincial police chief Connected to Badr Accused of killing Sunnis

and attacking Mahdi Army Fired 4,000 police from Sahwa and replaced them with Badr men Led Sahwa to boycott their jobs in Feb 08 PM Maliki refused his removal

2008 During Op Omens of Prosperity PM Maliki sent ISF into Khanaqin dist east Diyala

and told Peshmerga they had to withdraw Kurds refused Maliki attempting to pressure Kurds and establish control over disputed areas

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between Baghdad and Kurds Turns Hot)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 PM Maliki’s private jet brought back 236 Iraqi refugees from Egypt Part of Maliki’s

            new refugee policy to encourage people to return with improved security

(Musings On Iraq Déjà Vu? Government Returns Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Defense Min said Iraqi forces could operate independently by mid-09 without any US support

Didn’t happen

2008 Jordan’s King Abdullah II visited Baghdad 1st Arab leader to come to Iraq since 03 invasion

2014 IS attacked Jalawla Diyala with suicide truck bomb and 12 suicide bombers dressed in Peshmerga

uniforms

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2015 Parliament approved PM Abadi’s reform program that included ending 3 vice presidents Pres Masum

said reforms violated constitution

2015 PM Abadi said he wanted to cut cabinet to just 15 ministers and reduce local councils to cut money

due to budget crisis

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2015 Baghdad Babil Dhi Qar Basra fired and retired hundreds of officials as part of PM Abadi’s reforms

Were actually budget cuts

2015 Protesters stormed Babil council building demanding better services

2018 Women’s protest in support of demands of demonstrators for jobs and services in Basra

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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