Thursday, July 21, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 21 Natl Sec Adv Hadley began review of US Iraq strategy Would take 6 months and lead to Surge

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1920 Kufa was surrounded by rebels 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1932 Iraq sent letter to British High Commissioner Humphrie saying it recognized 1920 Iraq-Kuwait

border in order for Iraq to join League of Nations

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1933 800 Assyrians left Mosul for Syria asking for asylum from French because didn't want to be part of

Iraq Leader Mar Shimun denied he was involved Iraqi army sent to border crossing Told Assyrians they could only return to Iraq if they disarmed

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1958 Gen Qasim set up court to try “enemies of the people” meaning officials from monarchy Headed by

Col Mahadawi Qasim’s cousin

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1982 Iran made 3rd attack as part of Op Ramadan in Basra Was stopped 10km into Iraq Iraqis

counter attacked and drove Iranians back

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Iraq announced that it had placed troops along border with Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1991 PM Hammadi met with Barzani to try to stop fighting and reach deal on Kurdish autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1992 UN inspectors withdrew from outside Agriculture Ministry Had been outside for 2 weeks

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1993 UNHCR spokesman said that 3,000 Shiites fled to Iran to avoid Iraqi army attacks on villages in

southern marshes

2003 UN-IOM convoy fired upon by insurgents in Babil 1st attack on humanitarian group in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 UN Sec Gen Annan approved Iraqi Governing Council

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11 Restoring

Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

2003 NatlSecAdv Rice called MSBC’s Chris Matthews saying Fmr Amb Wilson’s story on Iraq-Niger

deal was part of a political campaign against the White House Said Wilson’s wife was open target and Wilsons were against Bush so White House against them

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 US received intel that Uday and Qusay Hussein were in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

2005 Pentagon said half of 93,800 Iraqi police had finished basic training and were not ready for duty

yet

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 15 – Transformation IN A Time Of War, January-April 2005)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2005 Insurgents kidnapped 2 Algerian diplomats in Baghdad

2006 Natl Sec Adv Hadley began review of Iraq strategy would take 6 months to complete

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

2006 Report sectarian cleansing going on in Baghdad’s Ghaziliya and Sadiya neighborhoods Sunni

gunmen told Shiites to leave in Sadiya Inter Min police took away 10 Sunni men in Ghazilya Bodies later found

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2006 UK Gen Shireff wrote Maysan not as good as reported by UK officials Basra lacked security UK

had to win battle of Basra by defeating Mahdi Army and death squads

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 22 – The Failed Transition)

2009 Report US Amb Hill told Iraqis that Obama admin wanted to have normal diplomatic

relationship with Iraq rather than be involved in all Iraqi affairs

2009 Report UN asked KRG to stop referendum on constitution that laid claim to Kirkuk and

disputed areas Said it could lead to violence

2009 ISF arrested 2nd in command of sahwa in Adhamiya Baghdad 2008 commander of sahwa unit

arrested

2010 Report State Dept was going to use small army of contractors for security and transportation

after 2011 US military withdrawal Never happened due to lack of money

2011 Report Nepotism and corruption part of Iraq Parties put family and followers into bureaucracy PM

Maliki’s brother in law high official in Election Comm Accused of putting 50+ family members into commission Led to resignation VP Hashemi’s daughter ran his office Nephew former Culture Min indicted for trying to assassinate MP Alusi and his 2 sons Hashemi’s nephew sentenced to death

2011 Report Mahdi Army and factions blamed for most of the assassinations in Baghdad Some groups did

hits for hire Targeted Baathists Sadrists had connections in Interior and Defense ministries which gave them govt cars and badges to use Sadrist leader said Iran using Special Groups to kill its opponents

2012 ISI leader Baghdadi announced Breaking Walls Campaign Was his first online statement

Said it was new phase of jihad 2 goals Return to areas ISI had lost Break its men out of prisons to return them to the field Sign ISI had returned after defeat

2012 Maliki govt said it wouldn’t allow Exxon to work in KRG Said Obama admin shared concerns about

Exxon’s contract with KRG

2013 ISI attacked Abu Ghraib and Taji prisons Freed 500 prisoners from Abu Ghraib End of Breaking

Walls Campaign

2013 Parliament’s integrity comm said Electricity Oil Interior Defense ministries most corrupt Interior and

Defense got large budgets which led to most corruption Russian Ukrainian Serbian Canadian arms deals all suspected of corruption Said courts open to political pressure to block cases and why judges didn’t deal with corruption Found corruption cases all the time and nothing happened UN said corruption increasing Said 60% of govt workers took bribes

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2013 Oil Min sent letter to Shell criticizing it for falling behind in development of Majnoon field Came

during drop in oil exports Claimed delays cost 44 mil/bar in production Was due to lack of infrastructure and red tape

2013 Iraq signed deal to import natural gas from Iran to fuel power plants for $3.7 bil/yr

2013 Report Sadr sent message that Mahdi Army needed to remain ready Warned again about splits in

movement Part of another attempt to re-organize followers

2013 Report Kataib Hezbollah commander went on TV Said he’d been carrying out attacks in Baghdad

Included attack upon MEK Also said he bombed Kuwait port TV staff arrested by ISF afterward Feb commander said he was forming Mukhtar Army to fight ISI and Baathists Had warrant out for him but not enforced Continued public appearances

2013 Badr officially announced its first casualty in Syria had around 15000 men in Syria

2013 After series of bombings day before Sadr said PM Maliki should resign

2013 Human Rights Min blamed political parties behind closures and attacks upon cafes in Baghdad Said

unconstitutional and human rights violated Mostly done by Sadrists and State of Law

2014 Diyala official said 11 killed in gun battle between IS and Ansar al-Islam in Sadiya Started

when Ansar leader refused to give allegiance to IS Naqshibandi killed IS photographer in same area Was major site of conflict between insurgent

2014 Mujahadeen Army member said it made tactical alliance with IS Said all groups had gained new

members during summer offensive Tribal leader in Kirkuk was organizer of protests After ISF attacked Hawija he opened talks with ISIS to start insurgent group Said IS and other insurgent groups took Mosul Claimed IS only 10% of insurgency Claimed insurgents were running captured cities while IS was doing heavy fighting Said people wouldn’t accept IS’s Islamic rule in Mosul Claimed IS fighters didn’t want an Islamic state

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

2014 IS carried out mass arrest of other insurgent groups in Mosul Meant to force other factions to pledge

allegiance to IS Some sheikhs tried to mediate between different groups to stop fighting IS arrested people opposed to forcing Christians out of city IS charged rent on houses in city

2014 IS increasing ops in Baghdad Jul 19 6 car bombs in province Had bases in Baghdad belts Sleeper cells

in city Also clashed with ISF in southern and western towns

2014 Insurgents afraid IS will turn on them and try to dominate like it did in Syria IS killed

insurgents that had not given it allegiance Dhuluiya tribe refused to turn over ISF members to IS Started fighting IS Ziwiya locals fought IS and got town destroyed IS said Ziwiya warning against those that opposed it Jul meeting of insurgent groups in Jordan to try to form umbrella group that didn’t include IS

2014 Defense Min said most of Jurf al-Sakhr had been freed Was declared freed twice already Anbar Ops

Command said it attacked Niamiya and Rawa in Anbar

2015 Fighting between IS and ISF broke out in Saqlawiya Anbar day after it was declared freed

East Husaiba was declared freed but wasn’t New op started to free Albu Hayat and Haditha

(Musings On Iraq Fight For Iraq’s Anbar Continues As Islamic State Launches Massive Car Bomb Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq Battle To Retake Iraq’s Anbar Province Continues)

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq spokesman said military success of pro-Iran groups would help them gain

victories in politics Said had surpassed the sectarian and nationalist boundaries of Iraqi society Said would run in next elections

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 Tribal council accused Anbar governor of blocking displaced returns Said Anbar govt stealing

money for displaced

2016 Spokesman for Sadr’s Saraya Salam said they would target Americans Said thirsty for US

blood Said Mosul would’ve been liberated if not for US interference

2017 3rd time Anbar council attempted to remove Governor Rawi on corruption charges Each time taken to

court and overturned After most of Anbar freed from IS Anbar council split into two factions pro and anti-Governor Rawi Completely undermined governance and rebuilding

2017 Former Salahaddin Governor Ahmed al-Jabouri received 2 years in prison for corruption

2017 Joint Ops Command denied article that 1000 civilians trapped in Old City Mosul due to gunfire

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 11 Jul 21 2017)

2017 Report Ninewa officials complained about ad hoc security forces in province Ninewa govt

asked Abadi govt to restore all police from 2014 but didn’t happen Ninewa govt created volunteers that became tribal Hashd Around 9 in Mosul and 30 in Ninewa

2017 PM Abadi claimed more ISF died than civilians in Mosul battle VP Maliki said 20,000 ISF

casualties Maliki blamed Baathists Gov Nujafi Pres Barzani and tribes for fall of Mosul Said Obama admin didn’t help Iraq and was therefore responsible for rise of IS Said Barzani wanted to expand into Mosul and seize Ninewa’s oil Accused Turkey of spreading sectarianism amongst Sunnis

2017 Report Holding land biggest achievement of IS May 2016 IS spokesman Adnani said IS could

survive loss of Mosul 2014 said it would never lose territory Were differences over strategy and goals Leader in Raqqa thought expansion cost too many men and couldn’t fight whole world

2017 Interview with Maliki Claimed Kurds against Mosul battle Said Pres Barzani would cause

problems because wanted to expand Said Kurds couldn’t have state Said people of Ninewa Salahaddin Anbar manipulated by politicians with foreign agendas Led to sectarian politics Said Mosul conspired with Baathists Barzani tribes and led IS to seize city Claimed Obama admin didn’t help Iraq when Mosul fell Blamed Obama for rise of IS Said Trump tried to take responsibility for victories vs IS Said Russia was only reason Assad hadn’t fallen and terrorism hadn’t spread throughout Mideast Said if Assad fell Iraq fall Turkey stoked sectarianism Said he wanted a majority govt

2017 Report KRG closest to independence with Peshmerga oil exports govt Didn’t have plan what

to do after independence referendum Opposition parties against vote

2017 Report Kataib Hezbollah holding 7000 Sunni prisoners in Jurf al-Sakhr Babil

2017 Ninewa govt wanted dismissed police brought back to duty Around 30 Hashd units in Ninewa

doing security

2018 Protests in Baghdad Basra Najaf Qadisiya Most broken up by ISF Human Rights Comm in Basra

criticized govt for shutting down Internet to impede protests Qadisiya sheikhs rejected calls to end protests Activists in Baghdad claimed they were tortured after being arrested Protester in Basra died of wounds

(Musings On Iraq Silencing Protests In Iraq)

2018 Report Qadisiyah intelligence going after demonstrators and monitoring them on social media ISF

claimed protests plotting to overthrow the govt

2018 Dawa member said protesters were trying to overthrow the govt by targeting airports businesses

and ports

2018 Report Electricity production dropped during summer Led to protests Analysts predicted

demand would grow 7%/yr IS war caused $7 bil in damages to power network Half of major power plants damaged during war Iraq bought power from Iran but cut supply in summer Electricity Min spokesman said Iraq couldn’t pay Iran anymore because of US sanctions 2015 Govt tried to collect fees of power usage At best only collected 12% of fees

2020 Report Iran’s Ayatollah Khamenei told PM Kazemi he expected him to oust US forces from

Iraq

2020 Protests in Dhi Qar Muthanna Babil over services

2021 Report KRG govt salaries not paid or cut since Mar 2020 Due to budget dispute with Baghdad which cut off monthly payments

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