Wednesday, July 13, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 13 Iranian troops invaded Iraq 1st time in Iran-Iraq War


1920 Tribal forces surrounded British garrison at Abu Skhair during 1920 Revolt

1920 UK parliament questioned govt about what was happening in Iraq with 1920 Revolt PM

Lloyd George was questioned about companies taking over Iraq’s oil PM said that wouldn’t happen even though already decided

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1958 Col Arif gained control of 20th Brigade and began march towards Baghdad from Diyala to start

1958 coup

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Women, Untold Stories from 1948 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1959 Gen Qasim formed 3rd cabinet Appointed several Leftists to his cabinet

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1960 Qasim appointed Dr Dulaim head of Women’s League as Municipalities Minister Was a Leftist

Communists held demonstrations supporting her

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1961 Gen Qasim released Mohammed Jamali Rashid al-Ghalani and Tawfiq al-Suwaidi from prison Were

all former PMs All had been sentenced to life in prison by revolutionary govt

1982 Iranian Op Ramadan invaded Iraq for 1st time Advanced 10 miles across Shatt al-Arab into

Basra Consisted of 5 human wave attacks by Iranian Revolutionary Guard with 100,000 troops against Iraqi lines

(Musings On Iraq review Armies of the Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1982 Iraq used tear gas to turn back Iranian attacks in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1988 Iraq broke Iranian lines and moved into Iran Took Dehloran Iran

1988 Saddam threatened to invade southern Iran if Tehran didn’t withdraw from Halabja Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Report Atlanta bank main financier of US exports to Iraq used govt guaranteed loans Lent Iraq

$5.2 bil Bank raided in Aug 89 Much of money went to buy tech for weapons programs Oct 89 Agricultural Dept found most credit to Iraq being used for weapons programs Found Iraq had front companies in US to buy tech Justice Dept tried to block investigations into matter to keep good relations with Iraq

2001 NSC meeting Dep Sec of State Armitage suggested that Bush make Iraq top foreign policy issue Dep

Def Sec Wolfowitz argued for US to support Chalabi’s revolt plan and giving INC control of frozen Iraqi assets in US Def Sec Rumsfeld demanded full NSC meeting where Bush would hear plan

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2003 Iraqi Governing Council announced its formation and held first session Mohammed al-Uloom

became premier Seats were divided up using ethnosectarian quotas

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11 Restoring

Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review Sectarianism In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Fragments, The Occupation and Its Legacy)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said that controversy over Iraq-Africa uranium story in Bush’s State of the

Union was overblown Def Sec Rumsfeld said intelligence was correct at time White House said no doubt Iraq wanted a nuclear weapon before the war

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 After White House blamed CIA for Bush using Iraq-Africa uranium story CIA leaked it had

blocked story from being used before

2003 PM Blair said he still believed story Iraq tried to buy uranium from Africa CIA questioned its veracity

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2005 UnderSecDef Feith said US didn’t train enough Kurds and Iraqi exiles to help with security before

03 invasion Said US officials reluctant to end CPA early in 2003 Said US military not Pentagon determined size of invasion force

2005 US army officers refuted Undersec Def Feith saying Pentagon curtailed troop deployments to

            Iraq before and after invasion

2006 For the first time in Iraq US military turned over security in a province to Iraqi forces Happened in


2007 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said more training of ISF wasn’t needed Needed more US forces

embedded with ISF Response to White House report that number of Iraqi battalions able to operate independently dropped from 10 to 6 in first 6 mo of 2007

2008 Islamic Party said Iraqi forces should not take control of security in Anbar because Awakening was

not ready Sheikhs Sulaiman and Hayes agreed

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Dispute Between Sunnis Growing)

2009 IED on US Amb Hill’s convoy in Dhi Qar likely by a militia

(Musings On Iraq The Return Of The Special Groups)

2010 Report US cmdr in Iraq Gen Odierno said communications between ISI and Al Qaeda broke

down Said ISI in decline

2010 US Iraq cmdr Gen Oderino said increased threat from Kataib Hezbollah which was carrying

out attacks on US Said group getting training from Iran

(Musings On Iraq U.S. General Warns Of Iranian Supported Attacks Upon American Forces In Iraq This Summer)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2010 Report Oil Min Shahristani wanted talks with KRG over smuggling oil to Iran but KRG didn’t

want to KRG official said Baghdad had no power over issue KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami blamed Iraqi refineries for KRG smuggling along with fuel subsidies KRG smuggling oil to Iran since 90s

2010 Member of National Alliance said coalition with State of Law over Said it would only

nominate Maliki for PM and had given State of Law too many concessions Sadr opposed 2nd term for Maliki

2011 Govt spokesman Dabbagh said little chance US would get a troops extension past 2011 withdrawal

2011 Sadrists said attacking US forces was legitimate Called on parliament to denounce Sec Def Panetta’s

remark that govt needed to crackdown on Special Groups Sadr tried to take responsibility for US withdrawal

2011 Human Rights Watch criticized Maliki govt’s bill limiting protests May cabinet approved bill Said

protests had to get permit beforehand Said govt could stop protests for the public good

2012 Report KRG smuggling oil to Turkey KRG was getting diesel fuel in return KRG claimed it was

smuggling oil after Baghdad cut off fuel supplies KRG had been smuggling oil to Turkey since 90s

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Government Tries To Punish Kurdistan For Independent Energy Policy)

2012 Report Iraq’s economy couldn’t grow without adequate electricity Govt only supplied 9-12 hrs/day

of electricity Sometimes 15 hr blackouts Raised costs for businesses who had to run private generators

2013 Dep PM Shahristani’s motorcade hit by rocks in Sadr City for his promises about ending power

shortages Guards fired into air to break up crowd

2013 Protests in 3 cities in Basra over power shortages

(Musings On Iraq Protests Break Out Again In Iraq Over Lack Of Electricity)

2013 Badr said on Facebook it sent 1500 fighters to Syria

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2013 Foreign Min Zebari said Iraq was against Iranian arms shipments through country to Syria Said govt

couldn’t stop it

2014 Report US assessment of ISF Said forces infiltrated by insurgents and militias Only 50% of units

combat effective Many ISF units dependent upon Hashd US felt it had to intervene before ISF taken over by Hashd

2014 Report Profits from KRG’s independent oil sales via tankers held in Turkish bank which KRG couldn’t access

2014 Army claimed it cleared Muqdadiya dist central Diyala of insurgents Were still there

2015 Campaign started to recapture Ramadi from IS Badr’s Amiri then said campaign wouldn’t

start for another week Showed continued splits between Hashd and ISF Hashd wanted to control Anbar op and focus on Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq Battle Of Anbar Begins In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Ahmed Ali on fall of Ramadi)

2015 Central Husaiba Anbar declared freed of IS despite ISF not being there yet

(Musings On Iraq Fight For Iraq’s Anbar Continues As Islamic State Launches Massive Car Bomb Campaign)

2015 Genel Energy said it would stop exploration work in KRG because not paid Said it was owed

$378 mil

2015 PUK MP said Iran saved KRG from IS Said Tehran also helped in op in Jalawla Diyala Said

Turkey did nothing during war vs IS

2015 Pro-KDP Yazidi leader said only Peshmerga could operate in Sinjar Was aimed at PKK which

controlled dist

2016 Report Baghdad car bombing became part of Shiite political rivalry PM Abadi went to site

and had bottles thrown at him by crowd Said only ISF would have control of security and no parties should try to exploit event Badr’s Amiri visited Said IS members should be hung on streets of Baghdad Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said Hashd would get revenge and that Hashd should cleanse Baghdad belts of IS because ISF had failed Sadr went to area and called for shrine to be erected there

2017 KRG official wrote OpEd in NY Times Said US needed to end call for unified Iraq Said US

should help negotiate KRG independence

2017 Report Death squads operating in Mosul assassinating IS suspects

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 3 Jul 13 2017)

2017 Video posted on social media of ISF and Hashd beating and executing IS suspects in Mosul

2017 Human Rights Watch 170 IS families sent to rehabilitation camp in Ninewa Govt demanded

more people be sent to camp Jun Mosul council said IS families should be sent to camps Jul camp opened People not allowed to leave IS families threatened and attacked in Ninewa

2018 PM Abadi went to Basra City over protests They refused to meet with his delegation Said it was

useless Took over courtyard of hotel Abadi stayed at

2018 Protests in 7 provinces Basra and Maysan council building and party offices occupied some burned

People chanted burn the Iranian parties 1 person killed Um Qasr port shut down Najaf council building and airport occupied 1 party office burned Marches in Babil Muthanna Qadisiya Dhi Qar Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq Greatly Escalate And Spread Throughout South)

2018 Kirkuk governor said IS still active in province and needed to be cleared out

2020 Report Turkey filling dam cutting water flow down Tigris River to Iraq in half

2020 Protests in Diwaniya Dhi Qar Basra over electricity shortages

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Southern Iraq Over Electricity Shortages And Delayed Salaries)

2021 Report Iranian Rev Guards intel chief met with Hashd leaders in Iraq Warned them not to go

too far with attacks upon US but to start attacks upon US forces in Syria Gave maps of US bases in Syria

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2021 PUK security raided 2 media outlets that were pro-Lahur Talabani Arrested some workers

Part of power struggle between Bafel and Lahur Talabani for control of PUK

(Musings On Iraq Latest Dispute Over Control Of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed