Sunday, July 10, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 10 PM Abadi declared Mosul freed from IS after 9 months Fighting continued in city

(AP)

 

1920 Lead political officer in Iraq Wilson sent telegram to India Office Said threat to Iraq was

external coming from Turkey Syria Bolsheviks

1924 First elections held in Iraq Was for Constituent Assembly

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1927 Clash between Shiites observing Ashura and police Led to several dead and over 100 wounded

in Khadmiya

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1940 England decided to send Indian Div to Basra after PM Gaylani wanted to block British troops

moving through Iraq as part of Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1940 UK Cmdr in Middle East Gen Wavell thought sending British troops to Iraq would destabilize

region so Indian Div sent to Egypt instead

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1950 PM Said resigned after Regent told him a caretaker govt should be formed to hold new

elections

1964 Ibrahim Ahmad radio station called for revolt against Barzani after he took over KDP

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1978 Former Prime Minister Naif died from gunshot wounds from assassination attempt by Iraqi agents

in London

1978 England expelled Iraqi diplomats and intel officers for Naif assassination Iraq retaliated by expelling

British diplomats arresting British businessmen Embargo on UK

1985 Iran Op Quds 3 started in southern marshes of Maysan

1987 Iran attacked southern Majnoon Islands in Basra and took some territory

1988 Iraq recaptured 14 mountain peaks in Panjwin area of Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Gulf OPEC members met and agreed to follow quotas which Iraq had been demanding Iraq needed

to raise revenues after incurring huge debts from Iran-Iraq War

1991 UN set up camps at Lake Hammar to take in displaced from southern marshes but govt did not

allow people to enter

2002 Pentagon Defense Policy Board met over Iraq invasion plans Angry military not thinking

innovatively Wanted generals fired

2003 Iraqi police demonstration in Baghdad saying US forces in city led to attacks upon police

2003 Sec State Powell told ABC that captured trailers were Iraqi mobile WMD labs Didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2006 Retaliation for suicide bombing of mosque Mahdi Army set up checkpoint in Jihad Baghdad Stopped

Sunnis Put them on bus and executed at least 36 Attacked Sunni mosque in Amiriya

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Mujahadeen Shura Council released video of 2 US soldiers it had kidnapped tortured murdered Said

retaliation for US soldiers raping and killing Iraqi girl in Mar 06

2007 US GAO report Pentagon could not account for weapons it gave to ISF from Jun 04 to Dec 05

Around 190,000 weapons were unaccounted for US still didn’t have accounting process in place by 2007

2007 Gen Petraeus and Gen Odierno briefed Presidency Council on Sahwa Pres Talabani supported

program VP Abdul Mahdi asked whether Sahwa were loyal to govt US general warned council that there was no reconciliation going on in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Report 20% of Iraqis displaced UN said 2nd largest refugee problem in world Most fled after 06

Samarra bombing Early 07 11 of 18 provinces blocked displaced from returning PM Maliki criticized refugees saying they should have stayed in Iraq

2008 Report Baghdad hired 12,000 new police in Basra after Charge of Knights but didn’t pay them

Fadhila still controlled governorship Dawa and ISCI took over ports and corruption involved with them

2008 Report US general in charge of training ISF said 12 of 140 Iraqi battalions at highest rating and

independent 90 others 2nd highest rating Said would be 2012 before navy air force and border security ready Said still problems with training officers sectarianism

2008 Report Drought destroyed wheat crop Govt would have to import more crops as result but didn’t

have good record spending money wisely

2009 KRG parliament agreed to postpone referendum on new constitution that laid claim to disputed

areas and would have given Pres Barzani greater powers

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Agree To Suspend Vote On Controversial Constitution)

2009 Report Major security op and Sunni Arab victory in 09 election did not reduce violence in

Mosul Locals not aiding ISF to reduce insurgency Last 3 months avg 1 policeman killed a day 7 police arrested for helping militants Foreign fighters continued to enter Ninewa from Syria

2009 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq executed 2 Brits it kidnapped because thought 1 of their men had

been tortured and UK ignoring its demands US released 5 Iranians to try to get release of other Brits still held Brits kidnapped after group’s leaders Qais and Lath Khazali arrested in Basra Mar 07

(Musings On Iraq 5 Revolutionary Guards Members Let Go By U.S.)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

2010 Pres Barzani demanded that PKK leave Iraq Condemned PKK attacks on Turkey Said Baghdad

responsible for securing borders

2011 Def Sec Panetta arrived in Iraq to lobby PM Maliki to allow US troop extension past withdrawal date

at end of 2011 Also accused Iran of giving weapons to Special Groups who were attacking US

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2011 Report Sadr decided to not revive Mahdi Army but Promised Day Brigades militia would continue

attacks on US forces New Mumahidoon social movement also suspended

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadr Backs Off Threat Of Reviving Mahdi Army)

2011 Around 200 sheikhs met in Ramadi Signed document against making Anbar a region as some

protesters demanded

2012 During visit to Irbil Pres Barzani tried to get Syria’s Kurdish National Council and Democratic

Union Party to unite and not align with PKK

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Iraqi Kurdistan’s Policy Towards Syria, Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2012 PM Maliki said fmr Saddam era officers from Ninewa Kirkuk Salahaddin Diyala Anbar could rejoin

army Response to no confidence vote

2012 Sr Asaib Ahl Al-Haq member killed in Baghdad Part of assassinations between Sadrists and Asaib

Ahl Al-Haq

2012 Pres Barzani accused of nepotism by opposition for naming his son Masrour head of new KRG

national security council Gave Masrour cabinet status in KRG

2013 MP on security comm said intelligence officers were arresting contractors investors businessmen for

bribes

2013 MP on energy comm warned of massive anger in Basra if power problems not solved

(Musings On Iraq Protests Break Out Again In Iraq Over Lack Of Electricity)

2014 IS’s Dabiq magazine included article with Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi calling for Muslims to conduct

hijra migration to the caliphate

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Iran temporarily closed border to KRG tankers smuggling oil Iran bought up to 25% of KRG oil

production

2014 Kurdish parties said they would boycott cabinet and oppose 3rd term for PM Maliki after he accused

KRG of supporting insurgency Said Maliki responsible for security failures in Iraq

2014 Iranian delegation in Irbil to lobby KDP-PUK to fight insurgency Also talked with Sunni leaders

Badr’s Amiri met with PUK in Diyala asking for help with security KDP official said it would stay out of war because of opposition to PM Maliki

2014 23 farmers abducted by Hashd in Balad Salahaddin Hashd reportedly kidnapping people at

checkpoints in Kirkuk Up to 170 kidnapped around Samarra

2015 Report Iraqi Cmdr 4th Armored Rgt said week after Ramadi fell to insurgents orders to regroup and

retake city Said not supported by leadership Hashd said they not army would lead Anbar campaign and switched to Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq Heavy Fighting In Four Of Iraq’s Provinces During Start Of July 2015)

2016 US airstrike killed IS War Minister Shishani near Mosul

2017 PM Abadi declared Mosul liberated after 9 month long campaign Was told city freed but

arrived to find fighting on going

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 267 Jul 10 2017)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Ret. Col Witty on the Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Horizon Client Access’ Alex Mello on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Amnesty International’s Donatella Rovera on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with International Center for Study of Radicalization’s Charlie Winter on how IS media dealt with its defeat in Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with BBC’s Quentin Sommerville on the Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Niqash’s Mustafa Habib on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Stephen Kalin on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with AFP’s Ahmad Mousa on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Florian Neuhof on Battle of Mosul)

(Musings On Iraq Review They Will Have to Die Now: Mosul and the Fall of the Caliphate)

(Musings On Iraq Review Shatter the Nations, ISIS and the War for the Caliphate)

2017 Amnesty Intl IS kicked people out of homes in Mosul to use them as fighting positions

Threatened people if tried to leave Executed people who fled Took over hospitals and denied civilians medical care Denied food and water as well ISF used indiscriminate shelling in heavily populated areas of city Coalition airstrikes likely killed 1000s of civilians

2017 Sadr said those responsible for fall of Mosul should be punished

2017 Turkish Pres Erdogan said Iraq should stay one country Said KRG independence referendum

should not happen

2017 MP accused Federal Police cmdr Gen Jawadat of poor leadership that led to excessive deaths

of his men in Mosul battle Said general only cared about being in media Also accused him of corruption

2017 Report Yazidis claimed around 200 families expelled from displaced camp in Dohuk for

members joining Hashd Said Asayesh threatened them

2018 Protest in Dhi Qar over jobs water and electricity Protests in Basra blocked roads to Rumaila and

West Qurna oil fields and Lukoil offices demanding jobs and justice for protester killed Jul 8

(Musings On Iraq Summer Protests In Iraq Turn Deadly In Basra)

2019 Shiite Religious Endowment head Musawi had his home raided by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq after he said

group would not leave mosque in Babil Musawi went into govt safe house afterward

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2020 Parliament rejected austerity measures to deal with economic crisis passed by cabinet

2020 Documents posted on social media about 97 bil dinars in equipment being stolen from

Diwaniya Health Dept MP accused dept of corruption Said 20 bil worth of orders ended in director’s pockets

2020 Report Ninewa Compensation Comm got over 90,000 claims for Mosul Battle ¾ processed

but only had money to pay 2500 families Money gained at donors conference in Kuwait in 2018 not spent Most rebuilding in Mosul done by individuals UN and aid groups UN complained Kazemi govt for stalling projects Govt in financial crisis as well

2020 Report Gap between ISF and peshmerga up to 13 sq km in some disputed areas Agreed to 3

joint ops rooms to deal with areas

2020 Protests in Diwaniya Wasit Dhi Qar over electricity shortages

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Southern Iraq Over Electricity Shortages And Delayed Salaries)

2021 Baghdad sent budget payment to KRG despite it not meeting its obligations PM Kazemi

made political deal with Sadrists and KDP to pay KRG in return for political support and hope that he would get 2nd term

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Sends Money To KRG Without It Complying With 2021 Budget)

2021 Journalist/activist kidnapped in Baghdad after receiving threats Was tortured and released

later that day

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

1 comment:

Federico Castillo said...

Politics of Iraq
Iraq is a federal parliamentary republic. In terms of political and civil liberties, Iraq ranks 3rd. Citizens of Iraq experience little to no civil liberties and political rights. Citizens are not free to express themselves and enjoy neither political freedom nor representative government. Countries with this political situation are dangerous for investment as an authoritarian government may have over-control over economic affairs. The head of government is Fuad Masum.

According to the World Bank Group, Iraq's Government Effectiveness Index is -1.13. This suggests that the Iraqi government is ineffective. Public and civil services are severely affected, leading to potential for social and political upheaval. In Iraq, legislative power rests with a Council of Representatives. The Global Peace Index (GPI) for Iraq is 3,444. The Strength of the Rights Index for Iraq is 1. Overall, it is considered to be rather weak – bankruptcy and collateral laws fail to protect borrowers' and lenders' rights in the event of credit-related complications; Credit information, if any, is scarce and difficult to access. In 2013, Iraq received $1,300.7 million in foreign aid. In 2014, foreign aid was $1,908. Iraq is a member of the United Nations (UN). On December 21, 1945, it joined the UN as a full member state on its founding date. Iraq is one of the original UN member states that founded the organization.

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