Saturday, July 30, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 30 Pres Bakr accused PM Naif and Defense Minister of trying to overthrow govt PM Arrested Allowed Bakr to consolidate power Saddam appointed Dep Sec Gen of Baath Party

(Wikipedia)

 

1920 War Min Churchill approved sending division to Mesopotamia from India to put down 1920

Revolt

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1933 Report French disarmed many Assyrians who had tried to get into Syria from Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1963 Baath govt re-opened talks with Barzani after military campaign stalled

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1968 Pres Bakr accused Def Min Daud and PM Naif of attempting to take over govt PM Naif arrested and

became Ambassador to Morocco Daud sent to Jordan Baath then purged govt of opponents

1968 Pres Bakr became prime minister and commander and chief of armed forces consolidating his power

Appointed Saddam deputy secretary general of Baath Party

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam His Rise and Fall)

1982 Iraq launched major counterattack against Iran’s Op Ramadan in Basra Halted by Iranians

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1983 Iran ended Op Wa al-Fajr 2 in Kurdistan Retook 195 sq km of Iranian territory Seized 220 sq

km of Iraqi land Cut KDPI supply lines and forced it to withdraw west KDP given control of Haj Omran pass

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iran started Op Wa al-Fajr 3 to free Mehran Iran and then invade Wasit and cut Baghdad-Basra

highway Iraq discovered plan and launched pre-emptive strike Iran launched night attack infiltrating behind Iraqi lines

1983 Iraqi army began raids through villages and displaced camps in Irbil Arrested all Kurdish males

1988 Iran and Iraq started talks at UN for ceasefire

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The Iran-Iraq War Interview With Author Anthony Tucker-Jones)

(Musings On Iraq The Iran-Iraq War Interview with Author Tom Cooper)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam offered to withdraw his troops from Iran and settle Shatt al-Arab differences to prepare for

Kuwait invasion

1990 DIA analyst told DIA Dir Soyster Iraq could overrun Kuwait and northern Saudi Arabia and US would

have no warning Said that Saddam was going to use force vs Kuwait and Kuwait would make no concessions to Iraq

1990 DIA Dir Soyster disagreed with analyst about Iraq’s intentions to invade Kuwait but passed

assessment to Sec Def Cheney and Gen Powell

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1990 Report Iraq had 100,000 troops on Kuwait border State Dept officials said it was a bluff

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

1990 Jordan’s King Hussein called Emir of Kuwait 2nd time Told him Iraq would not invade

1991 Iraq admitted to have four times as many chemical munitions as it claimed before to UN weapons

inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1992 Iraqi forces surrounded Shiite rebels in southern marshes and bombed them

1996 CIA report head of Iraq intel met bin Laden in Sudan and provided bomb making know how False

report bin Laden left Sudan May 96 and no reports he returned afterward

1998 Iraq declaration demanded that sanctions be lifted and complained about inspections

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2002 PM Blair’s foreign policy adv Manning told Bush UK with US against Iraq but had to go through UN

2002 UK attorney general Goldsmith told PM Blair without UN resolution war against Iraq illegal

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 French Pres Chirac said that Germany and France would only support an invasion of Iraq if backed

by a UN resolution

2002 Fmr head UN inspector Ekeus said US manipulated 90s inspections to spy on Iraqi security services

and find location of Saddam Said US wanted to create crises to justify attacks on Iraq

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

2003 Bush admitted Iraq-Africa uranium story should not have been included in his State of Union speech

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice said Saddam was a threat and he had WMD Said Iraq was buying all kinds of

            equipment for centrifuges including aluminum tubes Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 Sec State Powell in Iraq said US worried about Iran’s influence in southern Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Oxfam found Maliki govt spent 22% of its development budget and 99% of its salary allocation in

2006

2007 Report Interior Ministry split between Dawa Badr Kurds Badr and Kurds fighting for control of intel

service Kurd dep minister faced death threats from Badr dep minister Almost all Sunnis purged Interior Min trying to purge militias from ministry

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Fmr Amb to Iraq Khalilzad said that Saudis were undermining US effort in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2007 State Dept report PM Maliki claimed Accordance Front boycott of his cabinet was

backed by outside Arab countries meaning Saudis

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2008 U.S. forces officially withdrew troops from Iraqi cities

2008 Sadr said he was leading a nationalist movement against the US and needed to restrain abuses and

violence of Mahdi Army Said militia would not operate in cities or target civilians or govt only US military

2008 Report PM Maliki replaced head of South Oil Company and fired heads of gas tanker and refinery

companies in Basra Replaced them with loyalists to control resources before 2009 election

2008 Report 103,000 Sahwa Baghdad promised to take over program Only 15% integrated into ISF US

created vocational school because govt not following through with promises of integrating Sahwa but few wanted training

2008 US govt report Iraqi provinces outside of KRG only spent 2.7% of investment budget Maysan did best Spent

17.4% Ministries in Ninewa Diwaniya Basra Muthanna Diyala Anbar did not spend any of their investment budgets in 07-08

2008 US govt report Oct 06 Iraq passed Regions Formation Law Feb 08 passed Provincial Powers Law

Neither could be implemented until provincial elections Didn’t happen until Jan 09

2009 Report Salahaddin Army Islamic Army of Iraq Baathists and ex-military met Agreed to work together

2009 US released 2 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq cmdrs Part of deal with UK and Iraq to free 10 cmdrs in return for 5

Brits kidnapped by group 4 were already dead killed by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 US govt report 17,000 sahwa given jobs 13,000 in ISF None hired since Apr 09 Number given jobs in

other ministries drastically declined 41 leaders arrested Nov 08-July 09

2009 Report 900 sahwa in Adhamiya Baghdad Army unit in area arrested 7 sahwa Jul arrested 2nd

in command security chief neighborhood leader Mar-Apr 2 dozen sahwa leaders arrested by Maliki govt Fewer arrested in May due to US complaints

2009 Report Iraq would have to import 70% of its food 08-09 twice as many dusty days as

previous 4 yrs Agriculture Min est 90% of land either desert or suffering from desertification Arable land eroding at 5%/yr Rainfall down 80% in 08 09 expected to be down 50%

2009 Police arrested gang that robbed $6.8 bil from Rafidain bank in Baghdad Killed 8 guards

Members of VP Abdul Mahdi’s bodyguard were involved

2010 Fmr Dep PM Prescott testified to Chilcot Inquiry Said intel on Iraq WMD went beyond

evidence Said 04 Butler Inquiry found pre-war intel wrong Didn’t like Sep 02 WMD dossier that claimed Iraq could launch WMD in 45 mins Made him question intel overall Acknowledged that intel agencies might have made conclusions based upon intl because that’s how it worked Said Attn Gen Lord Goldsmith uncomfortable with Blair’s demand for legal ok for war Said VP Cheney considered Iraq unfinished business that needed to be taken care of Said Cheney set on invasion Rejected MI5 chief Manningham-Buller’s testimony no terrorist threat from Iraq before war She was on committee that put together Sep 02 dossier Said Blair never told him he committed to war with Iraq when met Bush in 02

2010 US govt report Sahwa attacked by insurgency Around 41,000 of 94,000 sahwa offered govt

jobs Since May Def Min halted all hiring of sahwa on orders from Maliki govt Said would restart after elections Didn’t happen Jun govt only paid 85% of sahwa 50% of Baghdad sahwa not paid Apr-May Sahwa complained felt defenseless Got menial jobs Arrested by govt

2010 US govt report Govt and Central Bank of Iraq don’t keep good records of spending Didn’t

know what money used what misused what not spent 

2012 Report PM Maliki took over Integrity Comm Sep head quit and Maliki named successor despite

parliament saying that it was their power All corruption files sent to PM’s office afterward Maliki fired and replaced inspector generals he wanted Jan Maliki fired 3o f them and threatened to get rid of position completely

2012 US govt report Jun reconciliation adv to PM Maliki sais sahw would be shut down in 2013 Said

wantd to close sahwa in 2011 Said 2013 budget would only pay sahwa who got govt jobs Govt claimed 70,000 sahwa had govt jobs 30,000 without

2013 Report ISI targeted sahwa in Diyala Offered rewards to anyone that killed a sheikh who led a sahwa

unit ISI sent threatening texts

2013 Parliament’s energy comm said power problems wouldn’t end until 2020 Said Dep PM Shahristani

and Electricity Min Aftan misled parliament Both said Iraq would end its power problems by end of 2013

2013 PM Maliki announced govt giving land to poor in slums of Baghdad Was for patronage

2014 IS fought Naqshibandi again in Sadiya Diyala 5 IS fighters killed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2015 Protests in Arbat and Darabandikhan, KRG and Nasiriya and Amara over lack of services and

electricity

2015 Report Yazidis returning ton Sinjar Ninewa carried out revenge attacks on Arabs Yazidis

accused Arabs of helping IS Criticized KRG for seizing land during war with IS Amnesty Intl said 21 Arabs killed in Sibaya 40 others kidnapped 17 of whom were thought to be killed Man said all houses in town destroyed along with those in neighboring Sayer Sheikh said Yazidis and PKK destroyed 22 villages in 7 months Displaced 10,000 Arabs

2017 Ex-Ninewa Gov Nujafi said Maliki surrendered Mosul to IS and worked with Iran to promote

Hashd and occupy city after it was liberated Said if his National Guard were used in Mosul Battle would have gone better Part of recriminations over who was responsible

(Musings On Iraq Post Mosul Liberation Day 20 Jul 30 2017)

2018 Protest in Samawa and 2nd day of sit ins outside of West Qurna 1 and Burjisiya oil fields in Basra

2019 30th Hashd Brigade said order to withdraw from Ninewa Plains was only made orally

and didn’t come from PM Abdul Mahdi Hashd spokesman said PM would recall withdrawal order Said PM only made order because of political pressure and false stories vs Hashd Both PM Abadi and PM Abdul Mahdi ordered brigade to withdraw

2019 Deadline for Hashd to follow PM Abdul Mahdi’s executive order to end using names

for brigades Not be involved in politics Wasn’t followed

2020 Kazemi govt announced that 560 killed in protests over last year and each family would

receive 10 mil dinars in compensation

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Report Public salaries unsustainable but ruling elite didn’t care because used jobs for

patronage Elite thought oil prices would always go up and allow them to add more jobs Iraq population growing so much offsets govt jobs created Number of govt workers tripled from 2004-2014 Growth in govt salaries and pensions meant Baghdad couldn’t spend on investment Led to decline in services Meant jobs only way to maintain patronage and became more important to elite Budgets became about paying govt salaries and pensions investment in oil and little else Made Iraq’s economy impervious to change

2020 Report Investigation into killed protesters contradicted govt’s story Interior Min Ghanmi said

2 protesters killed by police using hunting rifles Were killed by tear gas cannisters Govt denied that

2020 Protests in Karbala Basra Dhi Qar Diwaniya Wasit for services

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