Monday, July 4, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 4 Islamic State’s Baghdadi declared caliphate from Mosul Said ISIS would now be Islamic State and he was Caliph Ibrahim

(Independent)

 

1917 Al-Arab paper established Said it was for Arabs but was actually run by British eventually

under Gertrude Bell

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1919 3 British officers killed in Zakho by Kurds leading to retaliatory raids by British army

1920 British raid into Rumaitha’s bazaar stopped by rebels Then went to neighboring town and were

ambushed on way back and wiped out

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1937 Iraq-Iran Frontier Treaty signed Meant to resolve border dispute Accepted demarcation process

done by Ottomans and Persians Set up commission to finish border Created a body to work out navigation of Shatt al-Arab most of which was given to Iraq Political instability in Baghdad and WW2 meant treaty never implemented Treaty angered pan-Arabists and led to 1938 coup by Golden Square officers

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1940 Regent of Iraq asked England to occupy Syria that had joined Vichy France so that pan-Arab union

could be formed of Iraq Syria and other Arab countries

1958 Gen Qasim met with 7 of the 14 members of the Central Organization of Free Officers and approved

for he and Col Arif to move on Baghdad and overthrow monarchy

1965 Oil deal with Iraq Petroleum Company leaked Would have reversed Qasim’s ban on

company operating in undeveloped areas of its concession but increased production and revenues Nasserite ministers resigned in protest Never passed

1969 Iraq signed technical agreement with Soviets to help with oil

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1986 Iraqis launched counterattack but failed to retake Mehran, Iran central front Iran’s Op Karbala 1

entered second phase to invade Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Iraq 5th Corps attacked Haj Umran Rawanduz and Lake Dukan in Irbil

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Parliament passed law allowing opposition parties but with restrictions on their activities

1992 Kurdistan Regional Government formed in safe zone

1994 Barzani and Talabani announced they were still unified against Iraqi govt while PUK and KDP were

in middle of civil war

1995 Turkey launched new operation to attack PKK in northern Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1998 IAEA report to UN Iraq did not have nuclear weapons Iraqi scientists had not given complete

access IAEA would focus upon long term monitoring

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 Marines in control of Najaf set provincial elections for this date but were cancelled by CPA

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11 Restoring

Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

2003 US arrested 32 Turkish special forces in Sulaymaniya Accused them of plotting to assassinate

Kurdish officials Arrest of Turkish Special forces in Sulaymaniya led to protests in Turkey and bombing of US consulate in Istanbul

(Musings On Iraq interview with Kevin Petit of the 173rd Airborne Bgd On Kirkuk In The Aftermath Of The 2003 Invasion)

2003 Saddam tape aired on Al Jazeera Blamed US and UK for destroying Iraq looking for WMD that

didn’t exist Saddam said he would lead resistance to occupation of Iraq

2003 Bremer sent CPA political plan Vision to Empower Iraqis to Def Sec Rumsfeld Called for democracy

Rebuilding Stability

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2004 Report Gen Eaton in charge of training ISF said no progress in almost a year of developing Iraqi

forces

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 12 Reconstructing Iraqi Security Forces)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2005 US found 170 prisoners at secret prison in Baghdad run by Interior Min Were told to leave it alone

by commanders

2006 Abu Risha tribe in Ramadi district made first police recruiting drive as part of Awakening

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review A Soldier’s Dream, Captain Travis Patriquin and the Awakening of Iraq)

2006 Bush told US troops they were winning war in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 Gunmen kidnapped and released Electricity Minister

2007 US forces captured ISI’s media emir Mashadani Fed them disinformation that Abu Omar al-

Baghdadi was fake and ISI was still under Al Qaeda Contributed to US to continue to call the group Al Qaeda in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2007 Bush speech Said Al Qaeda in Iraq was same group that attacked US on 9/11 Said US withdrawal

wrong Would be terrorist victory and would attack US Said insurgents could take over Iraq and use its oil to blackmail US PR to gain support for Surge

2007 US accused Iran of using Hezbollah to train Iraqi militias based upon arrest of Ali Musa Daqduq

Daqduq sent to Iraq in 2006 by Quds Force Said Hezbollah trainers worked with Iraqi militias in 3 camps near Tehran Said Quds Force gave up to $3 mil/mo to militias Daqduq also said Iran planned Jan 07 attack upon US base in Karbala

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2008 Report Anbar council dismissed police chief from Awakening but refused to step down Said

police would only follow him Sheikh Abu Risha from Awakening said it was now running Anbar and Islamic Party that ran provincial council couldn’t stop it

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Dispute Between Sunnis Growing)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

2009 PM Maliki told VP Biden reconciliation was domestic affair and rejected US role Biden warned

Maliki if he didn’t work on reconciliation US wouldn’t support his govt

2011 Fire at Higher Educ Ministry that destroyed diploma files Came four months after Integrity Comm

said there were 1000s of fake diplomas being used by govt workers 1 of many fires at govt offices after corruption charges made

2012 Report Maliki govt would create 40,000 new govt jobs with supplemental budget Salaries largest part

of spending and grew at pace that couldn’t be supported by budget which went up and down with oil prices

2012 Report Oil Min said KRG not meeting its quota of oil exports under budget KRG said it was using oil

for local refineries Said fuel shipments from Baghdad had been cut Oil Min denied that

2012 Leighton Holdings fired sr manager for bribery case to get $733 mil in contracts with Oil Min to build

oil export facilities in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2012 PUK and KDP Finance and Economy ministries merged Didn’t have KRG treasury to unify funds

2013 State of Law wanted to change amendments to Provincial Powers Law made in Jun Maliki pushed

amendment to appease protests Then tried to block it from being implemented It never was

2013 Report Kurdish soldiers deserted 16th Bde when sent to Tuz Kharmato Included 12 officers Tigris Ops

Command issued warrants for 200 Kurdish soldiers from 2 brigades in Diyala and Kirkuk who refused to be sent to Basra Deserted and went to KRG

2013 Police bought bomb sniffing dogs but didn’t know how to use them Iraq needed 4000 dogs just to

cover checkpoints in Baghdad MP warned that deals could be full of corruption like buying fake bomb detectors Govt bought 20 dogs that were not trained to detect bombs

2013 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq burned Sadrist shops in Baghdad PM Maliki blamed He used Asaib Ahl Al-Haq vs

Sadr

2013 Report 5 top leaders in PUK pushing for leadership change since Pres Talabani out so long from

illness Included Barham Salah Wanted to change relationship with KDP Wanted to be able to control funds to set up their own patronage networks Warned that KDP gaining over PUK

2014 Baghdadi declared caliphate from Nouri Mosque Mosul ISIS would now be Islamic State He was

Caliph Ibrahim

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 1st issue of IS’s English language Dabiq magazine came out saying caliphate was a de facto state

2014 Report IS tapped into both pipelines in Ninewa Operating oil wells there Sold refined oil products in

Iraq Smuggled crude to Syria

2014 Fighting between IS and Naqshibandi in Sadiya Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

2014 Funeral for Iranian Rev Guard Colonel who was pilot killed in Samarra

2014 Report Army freed Awja Salahaddin from Naqshibandi

2014 Sadrists said they would not support any PM candidate from Dawa Ended up backing PM Abadi from

Dawa

2017 Sadr called on Pres Barzani to postpone KRG independence referendum and eventually cancel

it

2017 PM Abadi press conference Congratulated ISF on its victory in Mosul even though fighting

continued Said he issued orders to rebuild Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 261 Jul 4 2017)

2017 PM Abadi said some Hashd asked to move into Syria Said Iraq had no interest in that

2018 Report Sadr’s Saraya al-Salam said to run Samarra City full of Sadr pictures and flags Controlled ISF Not known for abuses but 1000 people arrested and never seen again

2018 KRG PM Barzani said PKK occupied parts of KRG Said provoked Turkish attacks and caused civilian casualties Said KRG against PKK presence

2018 Peshmerga denied army right to enter 3 areas it controlled in Kirkuk for op vs IS

2019 Kataib Hezbollah said criminalizing the Hashd would hurt security Said govt should

focus on ending US occupation

2019 Protests in Baghdad Diwaniya Dhi Qar over jobs and services

2020 PM Kazemi removed Fayad as National Sec Adv and head of National Security Service Fmr

Interior Min Araji became National Sec Adv Fmr Counter Terror Service Gen Assadi made head of National Security Service

 View the Iraq History Timelines

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