Friday, July 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 1 IS released recording declaring a new caliphate

(Reuters)

 

1920 British army facing revolt in Rumaitha told no reinforcements coming because railways

destroyed Railway fixed and reinforcements arrived later that day

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1920 Gertrude Bell wrote Cmdr in Iraq Gen Haldane that support for Iraqi independence had fallen

Off She didn’t know 1920 Revolt had started

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1940 UK Cabinet decided to send division from India to Basra to pressure PM Gaylani who refused

to break relations with Italy and demanded changes to Anglo-Iraq Treaty UK Mideast Cmdr Gen Wavell opposed idea saying it would make situation worse Cabinet cancelled deployment

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1943 Mustafa Barzani led rebellion against govt Iraqi troops backed by British airplanes suppressed

revolt by Oct 1945

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1961 UK and Saudi Arabia sent troops to Kuwait after Qasim claimed country as part of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1962 National Democratic Party suspended activities to protest govt repression of Communists and

            political freedoms Had originally been behind crackdown on Communists

1964 KDP congress called by Barzani and excluded Ibrahim Ahmad and Jalal Talabani faction

Ahmad-Talabani sent delegates who were arrested Solidified Barzani’s control of KPD and Kurdish movement

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1964 Foreign Affairs Min Hamid appeared on TV to explain plans to unify Iraq and Egypt

1965 National Guidance Minister Farham removed and other Nasserite ministers resigned

from Arif govt

1985 Def Dept official said that US should watch technology exports to Iraq because they could be used

for its nuclear weapons program

1986 Iraq escalated air strikes on Iran’s economic infrastructure

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1986 Iran Op Karbala 1 pushed Iraqi forces almost back to Iraqi border central front

1988 Iraq Foreign Min Aziz admitted that Baghdad used chemical weapons in the Iran-Iraq War but said

Iran started using them first

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1995 Iraq told UN inspectors it had a biological weapons program and made anthrax and botulinum

1989-90 Denied it weaponized agents Seemed like Iraq had finally come clean about all its weapons programs to inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1996 Richard Butler became head UN weapons inspector replacing Rolf Ekeus Butler was more

confrontational with Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2002 Pentagon memo said US should organize Iraqi opposition to help with regime change and fill

vacuum after Saddam Said exiles would help ensure no chaos after invasion Said if US tried to run Iraq without opposition leaders would backfire

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

2003 Mosque in Fallujah bombed killing 5 wounding 4

2004 CIA official said agency was constantly told to re-do assessments that said no Iraq-Al Qaeda

connection by White House 

2004 Saddam and 11 senior Baathists appeared in court for first time

2005 Insurgents killed senior aide to Sistani in Baghdad Car bomb hit PM Jaafari’s offices Mortars

shut down power station that cut water supply to much of Baghdad

2006 Truck bomb Sadr City killed 62 wounded 120

2006 Sunni female parliamentarian and 8 bodyguards kidnapped in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 PM Maliki visited Saudi Arabia then went to UAE and Kuwait to try to re-integrate Iraq into Arab

world

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2007 Iraqi govt announced 1,227 civilian deaths in June lowest monthly total in 2007

2008 Report US didn’t have people or plans for postwar Iraq Chaos that ensued set conditions for

insurgency Were many groups working on postwar Iraq but few made it into the war plans Top officials had best case scenario for postwar Iraq which overrode plans for bad situations Almost all planning went to war as a result Gen Franks only cared about war which made accomplishing postwar goals harder NSC had no strategy despite multiple requests Left each agency to carry out individual plans Meant no coordination of planning NSC never mediated between Defense and State Pentagon given control of postwar plans but cared about war more Created ORHA to run Iraq only 8 weeks before invasion but didn’t have expertise or personnel to run it Problems lasted postwar State Dept’s Future of Iraq Project was not a postwar plan

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2008 KRG released report that its oil deals were far superior and Baghdad’s oil plan would be disastrous

for the country

2008 2 Sadrist politicians and Iraqi army officers said Hezbollah ran two training camps in Basra

since 2006 Up to 10 Hezbollah operatives trained Special Groups there Closed during Charge of Knights Said Hezbollah involved in Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala that killed US soldiers and involved in AAH kidnapping of 5 Britons from Finance Min in Baghdad May 07

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Report After 1st auction of Iraq’s oil and gas fields only got 1 winning bid Asian oil company

official said contracts offered were bad Said companies only interested because of amount of oil in Iraq

2009 Report Energy Intelligence group said Iraq’s 1st auction of oil and gas fields was a disaster Iraq

didn’t understand business realities when offered contracts

2010 Report Transportation hindered by checkpoints Baghdad to Tikrit has more than 40

checkpoints ISF demand bribes at each one Checkpoints business for officers Sell checkpoints Checkpoint with Jordan could be bought for $20,000

2011 100s protested in Baghdad for political reforms end of US occupation Burned US flat Demanded PM

Maliki to step down

(Musings On Iraq July 1, 2011 Protests In Iraq’s Tahrir Square, Baghdad)

2012 Sadr said PM Maliki should not be questioned by parliament because would harm political system

Before Sadr was pushing to remove Maliki Now supported him

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 ISIS began Soldiers’ Harvest campaign

2013 Adv to PM Maliki said electricity problems wouldn’t be solved until 2015 In Jan Maliki said would

be fixed by end of 2013

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2013 Report Chevon would invest in 3rd oil block in KRG Total bought into 3rd bloc in KRG

2013 Report Oil and Electricity Mins didn’t cooperate on delivery of fuel for power stations Some stations

shut down for lack of fuel

2014 IS released recording of its leader Baghdadi declaring a new caliphate

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 IS and Naqshibandi fought in Hamrin Mts Diyala leaving 4 dead

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Precarious Relationship Between The Islamic State of Iraq And The Baathist Naqshibandi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Iran sent 7 Su-25 ground attack planes and drones plus ground crews to Iraq to help with war vs IS

Planes were Iraqi that Saddam sent to Iran during Gulf War and Tehran kept Also sent drones with pilots and air controllers for them

2014 Pres Barzani said there would be a referendum on Kurdish independence soon

2014 Report Interviewed soldiers from Iraqi army brigade that collapsed during fall of Qaim Anbar Said

never got food or water Cmdr went to ask for supplies but never returned Told to retreat but got lost and ambushed Division cmdr accused of wanting publicity more than leading unit

2014 Report on Iraqi army 2nd Div that collapsed in Mosul Only manned checkpoints and did arrests

Extorted money from businesses Took bribes to release prisoners Officers stole money meant to buy food for troops Sold fuel on black market Officers took part of salaries PM Maliki created patronage network within officer corps Meant unqualified officers got positions Was undermanned underequipped undertrained New cmdr named but didn’t pay bribe to get position Insurgents carried out assassinations of soldiers and their families

2015 Fall of Ramadi in May hurt PM Abadi Hashd took lead in fighting in Anbar Before it was ISF

Hashd changed emphasis from retaking Ramadi to Fallujah Different Hashd brigades have their own operations and argued with each other over victories Before Ramadi Anbar council asked Hashd for help Abadi tried to keep Hashd out but then had to ask for their help Badr’s Amiri blamed Abadi for fall of Ramadi Abadi said Hashd non-sectarian and were under his command Same day Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali said Hashd part of pro-Iran Resistance that would fight US

2016 Report Badr’s Amiri claimed Hashd formed by PM Maliki before Sistani’s fatwa calling for

men to defend Iraq Apr 2014 meeting of Natl Alliance where Maliki talked about creating militias to help with security Maliki said Sunni-Turkish conspiracy against Shiites Said if Syria fell to Sunni-Turkish conspiracy Iraq would be next Maliki said US refused to help Led him towards Iran Quds Force Gen Suleimani came up with militia plan PM said ISF unreliable because had Sunnis Shiites Kurds Said 20 militias were operating in Baghdad Babil Salahaddin Karbala already

2017 Report Trump admin deployed US forward observers with ISF in Mosul Tried to coordinate

different ISF units Called in air strikes

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 259 Jul 1 2017)

2017 Gorran MP accused Pres Barzani and KDP of monopolizing KRG independence referendum

for their political gain

2017 Hashd leader said 6500 Hashd died last 3 yrs fighting IS

2017 Report Salahaddin Gov Jabouri asked PM Abadi to deploy pro-Sistani Abbas Combat Brigade

Most of Salaahddin had pro-Iran Hashd accused of abuses Blocking returns of displaced

2017 Hashd cmdr said Mukhaisa Qara Tapa Hamrin Mts IS bases in Diyala Said ISF submitted false

reports claiming things secure

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi executive order Hashd part of the security forces Had to follow its rules and

orders of the commander in chief Individual names of brigades could no longer be used Could not be linked to political parties Those that did not comply by Jul 31 could no longer carry weapons Came after 7 attacks by pro-Iran groups due to US-Iran tensions and Hashd drone attack upon Saudi Arabia Was ignored

(Musings On Iraq PM Abdul Mahdi Orders Fuller Integration Of Hashd In Response To Attacks By Iranian Backed Groups In June)

2019 Sadr said he was disbanding his Saraya al-Salam militia Didn’t do it

2019 Peshmerga cmdr said 20 empty villages in Khanadin dist of Diyala due to IS attacks

2021 Report Some activists would run in 2022 election Said election law that created small voter

districts opened opportunities for new candidates

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This Day In Iraqi History - Aug 12 1920 Revolt spread to Fallujah During Saddam govt claimed this was start of revolt

(Shia Waves)   1919 Churchill wrote PM Lloyd George saying were too many troops in Mesopotamia that could crush its finances ( Musings O...